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February 03, 1944 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-02-03

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*THE MlICHIGAN DAILY,

TrS Tr t --S, Z!144

4T I Et1g u it
Fifty-Fourth Year

NO MORE OIL:

$4 k o-
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday durig the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to thetuse
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwIse credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lcation of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
eecond-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rler $4.25, by mail $5.25.
REPRESENTED FOR NATIONAL ADVERTrISNG -Y
National Advertising Service, Inc.
,,Cllege'Publiskers Representative
420 MADISON AVE. NEW YORK. N. Y.
CWCAGO ' BOSTON Los ANGELES - SAN FRANCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44

New U.S. A iude Maiy
AkSpanish Relaios
HEIUNTlD STATES' decision to suspend
scheduled oil shipments to Spain from the
Caribbean area for the month of February may
be a major factor in accelerating the showdown
in Spanish relations between the Allies and Axis
powers.
Spain's industries are heavily dependent on
importations of oil from this hemisphere. The
curtailment of oil shipments for this month
and probably for an indefinite period to follow
will be a problem of great importance to Gen.
Francisco Franco's regime.
One of the main reasons for our decision is
claimed to be the recent German-Spanish agree-
ment in which Franco gave Germany $400,000,000
worth of credit power in Spain. This agreement
will enable Germany to buy large quantities of
tungsten and other strategic war materials.
Spain has been one of the greatest Allied diplo-
matic problems since the beginning of the pres-
ent war both politically and geographically. Her
strategic position in Europe has made her posi-
tion of continued neutrality vital to Allied op-
erations.
However, Spain's neutrality in this war has
been only theoretical. She has been closely
linked with the Nazi regime in Gernany and
the fascist regime in Italy before the collapse
of Mussolini's puppet government. Spanish
troops have fought with German armies as
allies on the Russian war front causing many
protests from the Soviet government.
Her new agreement with Germany presents
another formidable menace to the Allied war
effort. By directly supplying Germany with war
materials the Nazis will be able to greatly enforce
their front lines thus prolonging the European
war.
A short time ago England's Foreign Minister,
Anthony ,den, warned Spain that her un-
neutral assistance to the enemy nations- in
their struggle against the Allies will have an
effect on Anglo-Spanish relations now and in
the future.
With the curtailment of oil shipments from
the Caribbean area, his warning is partly being
fulfilled. It will soon be known whether Spain
will continue to regard any deals with Germany
worth the risk of increasing Allied economic
pressure, or whether it will take the desired step
of breaking up its sundry relations with the Axis.
-Neva Negrevski

Marion Ford .!.
Jane Farrant
Claire Sherman
Marjorie Borradalle
Krjq Zalensi . .
1ud Low .
Harvey Frank .
Mary Anne Olson
Marjorie Itosmarin
Hilda Slautterback
Dor9Is Kuentz .
Molly Ann Winokur
Elizbeth Carpenter
Martha Opsion

'ditorial Staff

. . .Managing Editor
. . . . Editorial Director
. . . . . City Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
. . . . . Sports Editor
. . Associate Sports Editor
Assoelate Sports Editor
* . Women's iPWltor
* . .Assli; Women'is Editor
. . . . . Columnist
. . . . . Columnist

Business Staff

S. . . Business Manager
Ass't Bus. Manager
Ass't Bus. Manager
phone 23-24-1

Telep

NIGHT EDITOR: VIRGINIA ROCK
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staf,
and represent the views of the writers only.

FOUR-FREEDOM PROTECTORS:
Foimaion of Agency To Aid European Jews
s humanitin View A ig U-S- Leaders

I'd Ratheir
Be Right
By SAMUEL GR AFTON
NEW YORK-Hitler, who has killed his Jews
and lost his war, now goes on the radio to tell
us that the way to glory is to kill the Jews.
This is the secret of my success, he mutters, hid-
ing in a cave with only a microphone to keep
him warm. What a testimonial!
Get rid of the Jews, he warns us, or you will
never be able to beat Russia. But he has got
rid of his Jews, and he is quite unable to beat
Russia. The experiment failed, but Der Fueh-
rer remains the same. Listen! lie is telling
us how to win the war. We are doing it all
wrong, he says, all wrong.
It is well known, he has said so often, that a
country with Jews and labor unions cannot win
a war. ft must collapse on the home front.
Fuehrer, you have no Jews, you have no labor
unions! Why do you fret? We have both. We
must surely lose, Fuehrer. Be of good cheer,
Fuehrer. Duck, Fuehrer, there comes another
P-38, piloted by a member in good standing of
the Pickle Workers Union.
What a strange speech, that of Hitler on the
eleventh anniversary of his rise to power! He
passionately bids us to adopt his internal poli-
cies and to become just like him. That is his
only remaining hope now, that we might be-
come just like him. Then perhaps we can
lose, too, just as he is losing. What a clever
scheme! One can almost see the faces in the
cave, lighting up with sudden hope, as they
think of that one. But the founder of Nazism
has never made a better comment on his sys-
tem than now, when he mutters: If only my
eiiemies were Nazis, I might have a ehance.
Once he used to try to scare us with his in-
vocation of supermen ten feet tall, his secret
rites on his mountain-top at night, his private
conversations with Wotan; bubble, bubble, toil
and trouble, pinch of soil and drop of blood; and
the red flame shooting upward. Wheeeee! There
were those wonderful guarded rooms where Der
Fuehrer talked with ghosts, while sentries kept
everybody out; this means you.
It was indeed impressive, and frightening, too:
but now, with a weak smile, lie offers us the
formulas and plan books and passwords, free,
if we will but use them; he is willing to waive the
initiation fee if we will only join his lodge.
He holds nothing back; be generously tells
us everythingin great and specific detail; all
we need do, he says, is to kill our Jews and
break with Russia, and immediately things will
look ,up for us.
We, too, can be like Hitler, if we're crazy. it
is like the ads in the back pages of certain of
the pulp magazines, in which some fellow with
a strange hair-cut, a half interest in a furnished
room, and a quarter-share in a fly-blown office,
peddles all the secrets of success for a dollar.
Thus Hitler, going on the air with a commercial
for his own system, while hoping that nothing
will fall on him.
Do your best friends avoid you? he asks the
democracies. Be popular, like me, he says. Of
course, at the moment, he is not in a position
to give us his address; he is in a hideway and
getting his mail at the general delivery window.
But just the same, if we want to know how to
live the full life, he's the boy for us. He's willing
to tell us how.
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
UNHAPPY GERMANS:
Czech NewsExplains
Industrial Sudeten
FIVE YEARS of Nazi occupation of the Czech-
oslovak frontier districts, which were ceded
to Germany under the Munich Pact and in-
cluded in Germany as "Sudetengau," have chang-
ed the economic life of this territory consider-
ably.

Many changes took place in this district,
and the old "Sudeten-Germans" are far from
being happy under Hitler's regime so fan-
atically acclaimed by them during the Munich
crisis.
The Nazis did not find the industrial devel-
opment of the "Sudetenland" to their liking.
A process of modernization was introduced.
Many concerns were forcibly amalgamated and
the production centralized.
In the enlarged factories a new division of
labor and a Nazi expedite systemi of rationaliza-
tion was introduced. These measures created a
great surplus of skilled workers which was fur-
ther increased because many smaller enterprises
could not be included in this concentration of in-
dustry owing to the lack of modern machinery, a
lack of which would continue during the war.
The elder workers were sent to Germany; the
younger ones were drafted into the army and
sent to the front, where an axceedingly high
number of them was killed. With the enlarge-
ment of war production last year caused by the
transferring of factories from western Germany
to the "Sudetenland," Czech workers expelled
after Munich were reemployed along with the
German colonists brought to northern Bohemia
from the Baltic countries.
The old "Sudeten-Germans" are far from
beifg happy.
-Crechoslovak' iNews Flash

LtTern te F ditor mu-a lie type-
written, (,ou ltieo-paiei'd, on one side of
Y'i i'arI ild fliir-s 44 H.i li rt'r. 1;1.=
tt1Ptie fuOr ai1O-,n! wi~- t 4,l,)iraml iui a-t4ill
be iiH.
Etx,,,I Justice...
ACCORDING to the stamement
made ,by the Men's Judiciary
Council in last Tuesday's Michigan
Daily relative to the Literary Col-
lege's Victory Ball election, O1w
names of Harriette Wiltsee and Allen
H. Anderson werereemoved from this
college's election ballot because, in
the words of the Council, "Both wer-e
found guilty of electioneering pi-ac-
tices contra-y to regulations estab-
lished by this body."
There is a definite injustice in the
Council's statement because it (lOCS
not let the public know of exactly
what the two candidates were found
guilty of violating mrn-e than onej
election r----iilation, when in ac(,t i1
fact the Judiciary Council found
that at least one of the two candi-
dates was guilty of violating but a
single election rule--the rule that
there shall b- no electioneering by
the candidate himself or by his sup-
porters within fify feet of the polls-
By this I mean that by any standard
of fairness the Judiciary Council
should have a les mioruwI t the
pulic ul; of the speiifit- (t1i t rtges (1(1
whiich cadcl andidate %,,ic;1oild
guilty instead of l:aving thei
cloaked under a <tl ik t gLierali ty.
It canlot be denied that the two
candidates (conunitted an inrac-
tion of the Coun il's -egulations
and there can be no disagreement
with the charges made against
them. llowever, theyl were not the
only :cialdidates wit 1k c:Ommflkl itted
this infraction of the regulgtions.
Thw staten .,met as made in 'Tioe
laily makes it appear that these
ere.the ovly candidates guilty of
this irli-a-tion. And they certainly
were not.
I speak now of the election in the
Engineering College on that day,

"That's her reward for being sensible. While all ypu silly girls were
busy fainting over radio crooners, she kept her wits about her."

-. .a.... ... __. .

GRIN AND REAR IT

By iehty
KA Ni

knowing nothing about the condi-
tions that existed during the Literary
College elections, Whether other
cadiudatles from this college wore
uilty Of this inflaction is something
to which Ican be no personal wit-
ttitanyone who does know
should make it known immediately
antd che Judiciary Couuicil Shld
take appropriate action thereon.
'the candidates whom I saw com-
mit the same infraction and the
position in which I saw them were
as follows: Fred Beltz-standing
atmong and talking with a group of
voters within five feet of the ballot
box which was situated in the En-
gineering Arch: Henuy Schmidt,
Rlupert Strab Ii-and Howard Snyder
-electioneering at' the entrance to
the arch within forty feet of the
poll. The first three students men-
tioned were candidates for the Vic-

tory Ball chairmanship and the
last student was a candidate for
the presidency of the Senior Class
in the Engineering College.' These
candidates all comnnmitted the same
infraction which Harriette Wiltsee
and Allen H. Anderson were
charged with committing: on the
same day.
My grievance is not against the
election as a whole; but it is against
the Judiciary Council's charges. The
fact is that this same thing has hap-
pened before and was never consid-
ered as serious as it was this particu-
lar time. If charges arc to be made
on this accoxit, all those guilty of
infractions thereof shuld be charged,
or no charges should be made at all.
Clearly no candidate should be
charged when other candidates who
are guilty of this same practice go
scot-free. -J. I. Linker

DAILY OFFICIAL

BULLETIN

S 1iLP in the campaign to save Europe's
Jews from the Nazis and to fight anti-Sem-
itim in this country, 12 prominent Americans
have organized into a committee headed by Su-
preme Court Justice Frank Murphy. Appro-
priately, announcement of this new group was
made on the 11th anniversary of Hitler's seizure
of power.
The formation of this agency is a hopeful
sign that perhaps humanitarianism and an
enlightened understanding aren't entirely dead.
When national leaders like Justice Murphy,
and Vice-President Henry A. Wallace, and
Wendell Willkie, who are also sponsors of the
committee, take a public stand on these ques-,
bons it proves that not all the people are as
callous to mass-suffering as most current hap-
penings would seem to indicate.
First among the objectives of the group is the
rallying of American public opinion against the
persecution of the Jews in Europe, and support-
ing governmental action to rescue those who can
still be saved. It is hard to arouse anyone today
with- the mere fact that three million Jews have
already been exterminated in Europe. The pub-
lic is so accustomed to hearing large numbers
that 3,000,000 lives mean little. But what about
the rescue work? It has been proven time and
again that it is possible to save a considerable
number of lives by getting the Jews out of Eur-
ope and into Palestine. There is room for many
thousands of Jews in Palestine, but according to
present plans they will not be allowed to enter
that haven, for Britain's White Paper is sched-
uled to go into effect March 31, forbidding for-
ever new Jewish immigration into the homeland.
If Justice Murphy and his committee could put
enough pressure on the British government to
stop the White Paper, they would indeed be ac-
complishing something worthwhile.
The second main objective of the agency is,
in the words of Justice Murphy, "To recognize
and combat hateful propaganda against Am-
erican citizens of Jewish descent as a powerful
secret Nazi weapon-powerful because it has
been deliberately spread to this continent
DECENTRAL.ZAION.
Russia Moves Toward
Increasing Local Rule
INTENT upon allowing greater local sovereinty
to each of the 16 republics which make up the
Soviet Union, the Supreme Soviet adopted a
proposal which will give them separate control
over foreign affairs and the raising of army
formations.
This latest political move from Russia shows
a tendency on the part of the Soviets to di-
centralize authority in contrast with the mod-
ern trend toward, centralization of authority.
Joseph navies, our former ambassador to Rus-
,. o- ar nssitns.. '' +Te;6:- f, 1 ncn , j ll .

whrere no invading force has been able to set
foot, and seeret because victims so inoculated
are often unconscious of the source from which
it comes."
Combatting anti-Semitism in the United States
may prove to be an even tougher problem than
saving the Jewish people from more overt forms
of persecution. That it is a serious internal
problem was emphasized by the difficulties in
Boston and New York during the past few
months. But it isn't necessary to go that far
away for evidence as various signs of prejudice
are shown on this campus, in a supposedly en-
lightened community.
This new committee is attempting to tackle a
big job and its very existence shows that at least
some of our leaders are trying to prevent the
American people from making a farce of the
Four Freedoms.d .Betty Koffman
COWARDICE:
House Displays Fear in
TestBill on Soldier Vote
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT'S request that the
House "stand up and be counted" when a vote
is taken on a federal ballot for service voting
was rejected Tuesday by a coalition of Repub-
licans and Southern Democrats.
This action taken by the House writes another
black mark on the record of the elected repre-
sentatives of the people. Surely the tremendous
interest which the people have shown in the
soldier vote issue makes a roll call imperative.
The people have the right to know just how their
own representative votes on such a controversial
and vital matter.
Rep. Michener from this district has men-
tioned in Congress the "literally thousands" of
letters received by him and the Rules Com-
mitte from the people. Yet Rep. Michener was
one of the Republicans who voted that no roll
call be taken when a vote is held on the issue.
The relative merits of a federal or a state
ballot for soldier voting is vitally important.
But even more essential is the issue of whether
or tiot Congress has the right to neglect its
proper function in our government. As the
elected representatives of the people it is the
duty of every individual representative to follow
the will of the people who elected him.
hiding behind the anonymity of voting by
hands on controversial matters is not worthy
of those holding the highest legislative offices
in the land. Congress should not be permitted
to set such an undemocratic precedent.
-Kathy Sharfman

IUIIIRSDAY, FEB . :i; 1944
VOL. LIV No. 70
Alli notices for t1e aily O icil BEI-
ietin are to e sent to the Oticc of the
President in typewritten lorin by 3:30
p.. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
Lces should be submit.ied by 11:30 a..,
Notices
Fall Term Graduation Exercises
will be held at 10:00 a.m. on Satur-
day, Feb. 19, in Hill Auditorium. The
address to the members of the grad-
uating classes will be given by Presi-
dent John A. Hannah of Michigan
State College. Admission will be by
ticket only, which students andmen-
bers of the general public may secure
at the office of the Vice-President
and Secretary, 1 University Hall
Tickets may be secured after Feb. 9
Fourth War Loan Drive: To buy
War Bonds, call 2-3251, Ext. 7. A
"Bond Belle" will pick up your order
and deliver the bond the next day.
Use this service and help the Uni-
versity meet its quota.
University War Bond Committee
A Convocation for the members of
the Armed Services in attendance at
the University will be held in Hill
Auditorium on Friday, Feb. 4, at 4:15
p.m. Students in the Army or Navy
will be excused from classes and lab-
oratories after 4:00 p.m.
J. A. flursley'
1)can of St udents
Notice to Men Students: All men
students living in appi-oved rooning
houses, who expect 'tomove fron
their present quarters at the end of
this term, must give notice of inten-
tion to move in writing to the Office
of the Dean of Students on or before
noon, Feb. 5. Students terminating
contracts must vacate their rooms
before 6:00 p.m. February 26, and
rent shall be computed to include
this date. Students may obtain forms
for terminating contracts at ,Rm. 2,
Unive-sity Hall.
C. '. Olmsted
Assistant Dean of Students
To the Members of the Faculty
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts: A meeting of the Faculty of
the College of Literature, Science arid
the Arts will be held in Rm. 1025,
Cushtomochree . ..Well, ~
of least, ther'S o TAPE
MEASURE . . . lee if) your {t
mother's sewing basket

Angell Hall on Monday, Feb. 7, at
4:10 p.m.
Reports of the various committees
have been prepared in, advance and
are included with this call to the
meeting. They should be retained in.
your files as part of the minutes of
the February meeting.
Edward H. Kraus
Agenda:
1. Consideration of the minutes of
the meeting on Jan. 3, 1944, pp. 1018
s and 1019.
- 2. Consideration of the reports sub-
- mitted with the call to this meeting.
a. Executive Committee-Profes-
sor T. H. Hildebrandt.
b. Executive Board of the Grad-
uate School- --Professor Z. C. Dick-
inson.
c. University Council-Professor
H. T. Price.
d. Senate Advisory Committee on
University Affairs-(Oral Report)
--Professor J. K. Pollock.
e. Deans' Conference-Dean E.
H. Kraus..
3. Credit for Regional Study Pro-
- grams (see enclosed recommenda-
tions of the Executive Committee).
4. College Post-war Expansion.
5. New Business.
6. Announcements.
All women students are reminded
that they must register any change
of residence for- the second term in
the Office of the Dean ofWomen by
Satur-day noon, Feb. 5. They must
also inform their househcad of their
intention by that date.
Jeannette Perry,
Assistant Dean of Women
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments has received notice of the fol-
lowing civil service examinations:
United States Civil Service: Budget
Analyst, $3,200/year (plus overtime);
Regional Manager (Compliance De-
partment), $6,506/year (plus over-
time), (Closing date: Feb. 7, 1943);
Manpower Utilization, $3,826-$6,226/
year (48 hour)
The Bureau has received the fol-
lowing announcements: Fellowships:
Two for study in personnel adminis-
tration at Radcliffe College, Am-
bridge, Mass. United States Civil
Service Commission, Wash., D.C.
Applications are now being accepted
for Junior Professional Assistants.
Salary $2,000 a year (Plus overtime)
For further details see the announce-
ments in the Bureau of Appoint-
inents, 201 Mason Hall.
Lt'etures
1'renclt Lecture: Mr. Maurice Bar-
ret will give the fourth of the French;
lectures sponsored by the Cercle
Francais tonight at 8:00 in the Rack-

elect D10{ (Directed Teaching) next
term are required to pass a qualify-
ing examination in the subject which
they expect to teach. This examina-
tion will be held on Saturday, Feb. 5,
at 1:00 p.m. This is a change from
the date as originally announced.
Students will meet in the auditorium
of the University High School. The
examination will consume about
four hours' time. Promptness is
therefore essential.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet on Friday, Feb. 4, at 4:00 p.m.,
in Rm. 319 West Medical Building.
"Biological Acetylation" will be dis-
cussed. All interested are invited.
All students who expect to become
candidates for a Teacher's Certificate
in June or November, 1944, or Febru-
ary, 1945, should call at the office of
the School of Education for an appli-
cation blank for admission to candi-
dacy for the teacher's certificate,
which is to be returned by Monday,
Feb. 7.
Qualifying examinations in short-
hand and typewriting will be given
at ten o'clock Saturday morning,
Feb. 5, in 2022 UHS. Students who
think they are qualified to register
for the second semester courses in
shorthand and typewriting, as taught
under the Division for Emergency
Training, without taking the first
semester courses here, are urged to
take these examinations.
Doctoral Examination for Paula
Elkisch, Education; thesis: "Certain
Projective Techniques as a Means of
Investigating the Psycho-Dynamic
Status of Children," Friday, Feb. 4,
East Council Poom, Rackham Build-
ing, 4:00 p.m. Chairman, W. C.
Olson.
By action of the Executive Board,
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend this exam-
ination, and he may grant permis-
sion to those who for sufficient rea-
son might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
University of Michigan, College of
Engineering, Schedule of Examina-
tions: Feb. 21 to Feb. 26, 1944.
Note: For courses having both lec-
tures and quizzes, the time of exer-
cise is the time of the first lecture
period of the week; for courses hav-
ing quizzes only, the time of exercise
is the time of the first quiz period.
Drawing and laboratory work may
he continued through the examina-
tion period in amount q'i to that
normally devoted to such work dur-
ing one week.
Certain courses will be examined
of rn -sa nninar a ,nf- hn-n 41

BARNABY
Barnahy, another difficulty w
Atlas informs me that before
he can begin the plan of the
great O'Malley Dom we must

I'll run over to the brook and
make them now. I dropped in
to borrow an engineer's level,
a transit, aon odometer, and-

Rother poouly equipped I
household . . .lHowever, I'l
manage with a prismatic
compass, a theodolite, a

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