THE 41 l1CHIf:AN flAtly
SATRDIAY. JAN. 29. 1944
. f R l_'!l- -if, AJ k
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Mlichigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published. every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
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for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
1ication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail; matter.
Suibscriptions during .the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
Marion Ford .
Jane Farrant .
Eric Zalenski .
Bud Low. .
Harvey Frank .
Mary Anne Olson
Doris Kuentz .
Molly Ann Winokur
. . Managing Editor
. . Editorial Director
. . . ,City Editor
. . Associate Editor
S . . Sports Editor
Associate Sports Editor
Associate Sports Editor
* . Women's Editor
. Aset Women's Editor
, . . Columnist
. .- . Columnist
S . . .Business Manager
. . . Ass't Bus. Manager
. . . Ass't Bus. Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: MONROE FINK
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Violation of Rules Voids
Campus V-Ball Election
Y STERDAY'S election in the literary college
for V-Ball positions was thrown out by the
Men's Judiciary Council which charged "flagrant
violation of every election rule."
All of which means in plain language that
there was cheating and crooked work on the
part of some candidates. Yes, University of
Michigan students have stooped to such low
depths of ethics, those same students who are
living in a good university environment, those
same students who are supposedly being train-
ed to take responsible positions in our society,
This is what happened yesterday.
Election rule: no candidate shall be closer
than 50 feet to the polling place.
One candidate was seen sitting at the elec-
tin table in University Hall. Others were
hovering close by.
Election rule: identification cards are to be
presented to the clerk, punched by him, and
then the ballot is to be handed to the voter.
A mob of friends of one candidate deluged
one election official, punched their own cards,
and literally stuffed the ballot box for their
Election rule: no person shall stand at the
polling place and try to influence any votes.
Countless persons were seen loitering around
the polling place "hawking" votes for their
It is too bad that everybody has to suffer
for the misconduct of a few. Those who are
guilty pass off the incident as a regular oc-
So what? Because a practice of error has de-
- By SAMUEL GRAFTON --
NEW YORK, Jan. 29.-Argentina has broken
with the axis. But its internment camps and
Patagonian exile towns are full of persons who
are imprisoned precisely because they recom-
mended this step. The jailer adopts the foreign
policy of his prisoners, but he do'es not open the
The Ramirez government has savagely re-
pressed all newspapers which recommended that
it do what it is now doing. It has fired school
teachers and public officials for the offense of
favoring the policy which it has now adopted.
It is the friends of the axis who have broken
with the axis in Argentina, after clearing the
enemies of the axis out of public life.
IT IS INCREDIBLY NEAT
All genuinely anti-axis instruments have been
broken up; labor unions have been smashed; all
political parties except the government gang
have been dissolved
Or, to put it another way, the Ramirez gov-
ernment has broken with the axis as a way of
saving fascism, after making a revolution last
summer as a way of preventing revolution.
Ramirez smashed the old pro-axis government
to keep the people from smashing it; now he
has gone a step further, and he has broken
with the axis to keep the people from breaking
with it. It is incredibly neat; the old govern-
ment is gone, the tie with the axis is broken;
the people have won all their objectives, you
see; except that, curiously enough, they have
This is the greatest triumph of form over sub-
stance in the history of the Western Hemisphere.
THE BABY IS HIS
Ramirez is now pursuing the corrupt and im-
possible dream which many politicians have pur-
sued before him: that of being against the people
at home, while being against Hitler abroad.
But Ramirez has raised the attempt to
classic heights; he has carefully copied the
creation of the enemy, in every detail, before'
breaking with the original. He no longer needs
Hitler, for lie is Hitler. He has merely burned
the love-letters, after obtaining legal guard-
ianship of the illegitimate child.
So it is perfectly "safe," from the fascist point
s of view, for Ramirez to break with the axis. It
is perfectly safe for him to do it, because he
can't do it. Fascism cannot break with fascism,
so what difference do the words make?
THE GREAT IMPERSONATION
The only way Ramirez could break with
fascism would be for him to blow his brains out.
So far, he has only broken his mirror. He shows
us the smashed bits, but while that may give
him a plausible story to tell the more illiterate
Argentinian peasants, it ought not to impress us.
Argentine's real democrats are still in jail, and
it is not for fear of their applause that Ramirez
keeps them thee.
He keeps them there because, if he let them
out, they might do exactly what he says he is
doing. Of course, he might even let two or three
of them out now, just to show; sometimes one
has to do these things, just as sometimes one
has to break with Hitler to save fascism. But
let us not be persuaded. It is precisely because
Ramirez is not like us that he is being forced into
increasingly clever imitations.
(Copyright, 1944, New, York Post Syndicate)
veloped is no reason that validates its continu-
The Judiciary Council has promised that those
guilty will suffer punishment. No punishment
within their power is too severe for a "cheat."
This is no new occurrence for campus elec-
tions It seems to have become tradition that
every election be crooked, and an honest one
is thought to be an oddity.
It is about time students woke up to what is
going on. We are not preaching any optimum
code of ethics; we do feel justified in demanding
simple honesty. -Marjorie Borradaile
White Paper Fosters
N T APRIL 1, Palestine w"ill become torbid-
den territory for thousands of Jews, for under,
the terms of the White Paper issued by the Brit-
ish House of Commons in April 1939, the transi-
tional five-year period during which 75,000 im-
migrants were to be admitted will then expire.
Thenceforth, the Arab community will be
able to exercise a veto power on the entry of
further Jewish settlers. The fact that some
30,000 of the 75,000 permits are still not issued,
presents a hope of temporary relief, but it
does not in any way affect the vicious prin-
ciples of the White Paper.
The principles formulated by the White Paper
are in complete opposition to those of the League
of Nations Mandate, under which Britain governs
Palestine, and it is condemned by all sections
Df Jewry, Zionists and non-Zionists together.
The Mandate prohibits discrimination of
any kind between the inhabitants of Palestine,
but under the White Paper discrimination is
being practiced against the Jews in the matter
of land purchase as well as immigration.
Palestine must remain open as a ha'en for
the Jews, and criterion for Jewish immigration
must be the principle laid down by the Mandate.
An economic absorptive capacity must be pro-
vided for the country.
"if you understood finances at all, Otis, you'd realize that you cint
make the neighbors think you earn more than you do uniless you
spend more than you earn!"
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
GRIN AND BEAR IT
YOU KNOW, some days things seem to be go
ing pretty well, and we make up our mind
that people are waking up and accepting th
responsibility of citizenship.
Yesterday, for instance, when Professor Nor
ton mixed his knowledge of government and fai
laws, with his family's weekly wash, He wai
overcharged riding a taxi, and instead of grip
ing about it to his friends all the rest of the win
ter, he went to the law about it. And he discov
ered that there was an ordinance already in exis
tence to take care of the exact thing he was talk
ing about.. . there is an ordinance saying tha
taxis can't charge extra fare for carrying rider
Now, part of the victory is that we won't
again be gypped riding taxis. But the biggest
part, to us, is that a man remembered that he
was a citizen, with certain fundamental rights
because of his manhood, and with certain legal
rights based on laws passed by his representa-
tives in this democratic- system. Instead of
feeling that the law is a far-off concept and
one which doesn't relate to our lives, except
when we are called in by the police to answer
for speeding, he took the law ... and used it
as it is meant to be used.
Just as ignorance of the, law is no excuse fo
breaking laws, so ignorance is no excuse for no
seeing that laws are enforced.
WE ARE LEARNING that after all this still I
a democracy. That we, as citizens, have th
right to help make the laws, to abide by them
to punish those who disobey this will of the peo
ple, and to see that they are enforced by ou
elected officials. Lately, in this column we hav
been laying stress on the part we can play i
helping make the laws. By writing letters, post
cards and telegrams to our Congressmen an
legislators, letting them know our opinions s
that they can truly "represent us." When the
came home "on vacation" this summer, w
formed groups to confront them with their vot
ing records, and to either pat them on the back
or warn them that we didn't like their attitud
and they weren't really representing our views
After laws are written, though, they must b
enforced. And Professor Norton's action isa
good example of the way to see that laws are en
forced. There are many, many other laws on th
statute books in this city and county and stat
and nation which just sit there, and no more
There is the Michigan law against disrimina
tion in restaurants when serving those who ar
not white. There is the contradiction betwee
each of us having the right to "life, liberty an
the pursuit of happiness" and the lynching
which go on each year in the South. There i
incomplete fulfillment of the spirit of complet
equal educational opportunities for all,
More specifically, there is inadequate en-
forcement of the OPA regulations, because
Congress cut the appropriations for that
agency, so it can't oerate and investigate as
thoroughly as it should.
Democracy is a delicate instrument which
nust be kept tuned very carefully by the citi-
zens, so that it always responds quickly and ac
curately to their needs Part of our job in col
lege is to learn to keep this instrument in trim
To first: elect good lawmakers and judges and
administrators. Then: to keep them informed
of our opinions. Then: to ourselves bring up tes
cases to help them. But mainly . . . to remembe
each day that not only must we exercise fo
our own good, but we ought to put in a couple
of extra licks to keep our democracy healthy.
s SATURDAY, JAN. 29, 1944
e VOL. LIV No. 66
All notices for the Daily Official Bu-
letin are to e sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:34)
r p.m. or the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m-
Fourth War Loan Drive: To buy
t War Bonds, call 2-3251, Ext. 7. A
"Bond Belle" will pick up your order
s and deliver the bond the next day.
Use this service and help the Uni-
versity meet its quota.
University War Bond Committee
Graduate Students Expecting De-
grees at the End of the Current
Term: A list of all master's degree
applicants will be posted on the bul-
letin board in the Graduate School
office in the Rackham Building on
Tuesday, Feb. 1. If you expect a de-
gree and your name does not appear'
on the list you should file an appli-
cation before Feb. 12. The Graduate
School will not be held responsible
r for any omissions that may occur on
t the degree list as a result of the late
filing of diploma applications.
C. S. Yoakum
e Notice to Men Students: All men
, students living in approved rooming
- houses, who expect to move from
r their present quarters at the end of
e this term, must give notice of inten-
n tion to move in writing to the Office
of the Dean of Students on or before
- noon, Feb. 5. Students terminating
d contracts must vacate their rooms
v before 6:00 p.m. February 2, and
y rent shall be computed to include
e this date. Students may obtain forms
for terminating contracts at Rm. 2,
C. T. Olmsted
e Assistant Dean of Students
C A Michigan Bell Telephone Repe-
a sentative will be at the 'University to
interview men and women on Tues-
day, Feb. 1, 1944. They want women
for all positions and service rere-
e sentatives especially. They are inter-
ested in men who are physicists,
- chemists and engineers. Appont-
e ments should be made at the Bureau
Sof Appointments, 201 NC ,, or by
d calling University Extension 371.
s Women's Co - operative Houses:
There will be a few vacancies for the
e spring term. Anyone interested
please call 2-2218.
Women's Cooperative House Chap-
erone: Will any graduate studen
interested in being a chaperone in a
womn's cooperative house please
Directed Teaching Qualifying FA-
affilation, Students expecting to
I elect D100 (Directed Teaching) next
3 term are required to pass a qualify-
t ing examination in the subject which
r they expect to teach. This examina-
tion will be held on Saturday, Feb. 5.
at 1:00 p.m. This is a change from
the date as originally announced.
Students will meet in the auditorium
JBy Crockett Johnson
of the University High School, The
examination will consume about
four hours' time. Promptness is
Chora, linion Concert: Marjorie
Lawrence, Metropolitan Opera so-
prano, accompanied by Gordon Man-
ley, will give the eighth concert in
the Choral Union Series, Sunday
afternoon, at 3 o'clock, in Hill Audi-
torium. The program will consist of
songs and arias by Handel, Brahms,
Prokofieff, Schubert, Ravel, Joaquin
Nin and Wagner.
A limited number of tickets are
available at the offices of the Uni-
versity Musical Society, until noon
Saturday, and at the box office in
Hill Auditorium Sunday afternoon
at 2 o'clock.
Student Recital: Virginia Holmes,
pianist, will present a recital in par-
tial fulfillment of the requirements
for the degree of Bachelor of Music.
at 8:30 p.m., Monday, Jan. 31, in
Lydia' Mendelssohn Theatre. Her
program will include compositions
by Haydn, Beethoven, Liszt, Brahms,
Chopin and Ravel. She is a pupil
of Joseph Brinkman, The public is
Wesley Foundation: Open House
and Taffy Pull tonight at 8:30 p.m.
All Methodists students and service-
men and their friends are cordially
The Roger Williams Guild will
meet tonight in the Guild House at
8:30 and go to a nearby bowling
alley for a bowling party. Three al-
leys have been reserved for the group.
Executive Roard of the Michigan
Youth for Democratic Action will
meet today at 2:00 p.m. in the Union.
Agenda for the next group meeting
will be decided. All members invited
J unior Research Club; The Febru-
ary meeting of the Club will be held
at 7:30 pnm., '1uesdi, eb. 1, in the
Amphitheatre of the Rackham Buil-
ding. The program will be given by
Kenneth K. Landes of the Depart-
ment of Geology and by Saul L.
Cohen of the Department of Physi-
First Cong regationi 'IChurch
Morning service at10:5,.Dr,,Parr
will speak on the subject "This In
terfering God." Ariston League will
meet with the Taxis Group t the
First Presbyterian Church. at 0:30
The Congregational-Disciples Guild
will meet in the Congregational as-
sembly room at 5:00. Miss Esther
Hibbard will speak on "Religious
Philosophies of Japan and the Post-
First Methodist Church an Wes-
ley Foundation: Student Class at
9:30 a.miv Morning worship serviec
at 10:40 o'clock. Dr. C. W. Brashares
will preach on "The World We
Want." Wesleyan Guild meeting at
5 p.m. We will have the next discus-
sion in the series "What I Believe."
56 w ltor
Letters to the Editor must be type-
written, double-spaced, on one side of
the paper only and signed with the
name and address of the writer, Re-
quests for anonymous publications will
hixI! t xpose lALWiled . *
INALLY someone has had enough
courage to come out into the open
and directly bring charges against
one of Ann Arbor's "rackets." We
refer to the article that appeared in
The Daily on Friday, Jan. 28, in
which Prof. Hugh Norton w de-
scribed as having brought suit
against one of the Ann Arbor taxi
companies for overcharging him for
a ride. Hurrah for Mr. Norton.
The students have long raised their
voices in loud and long notes about
the indignity sufered at the handy
of these "public interested" com-
panies. However, it took an instruc-
tor in the University to finally bring
the issue out into the open. Now
since the ice is broken, and things
are rolling we can see no reason why
the student body should not give this
matter their full support and atten-
Few people in Ann Arbor realize
that they have been paying more
for their taxi rides than is required
by law. To cite a few examples of
common and flagrant overcharg-
in#, we refer to some of our own
We were told that a taxi ride from
any point in Ann Arbor to any other
point in the city was thirty-five cents
for one and fifty cents for two people
and each additional person over two
was ten cents extra. However, as was
explained further, a ride from the
depot to any point in the city is 5
cents per person with no reduction
as mentioned above. We paid accord-
ingly, since we knew no better.
According to the city ordinance a
ride from the depot should be no
more expensive than any other ride.
We were told that a passenger was
charged 35 cents for his ride, but if
he happened to be carrying any lug-
gage, there is an additional charge
of ten cents per piece. This, too, we
paid innocently and blandly, believ-
ing that the charge was legal. We
have since found out that it is not
legal, and that the only luggage that
is assessable is a trunk that would
have to be carried in a "dray."
Consequently, small luggage such
as overnight bags, laundry cases and
sea bags cannot by law be assessed.
We would like to point out now,
that we feel that the deliberate
attempt by the taxi companies to
get as much as they can from an
unsuspecting public is just as bad
as black market operations.
We hope that the taxi drivers do
not have to pay too large an income
tax this year!
It is good that The Daily has ex-
posed this fraud. It is now up to us
students to support the job. It is the
people's voice that makes anything
effective, and let the students' com-
plaints ring long and loud.
morning worship services at 10:30
o'clock. Rev. Henry O. Yoder will de
liver the sermon at Trinity Lutheran
Church, and Rev. E. C. Stelhorn will
deliver the sermon at Zion Lutheran
The Lutheran Student Association
will meet in the Zion Lutheran Par-
ish :Bal, Sunday afternoon at1530
o'clock. After a social half hour sup-
per will be served at 6:00. The pro-
gram will follow the supper hour and
will be a discussion led by students
The Congregational-Disciples Guild
will meet at the Congregational
Church at 5:00 o'clock. Miss Esther
Hibbard of the Japanese language
school, formerly a missionary in
Japan, will speak on: "Religious Phil-
osophies of Japan and the Post-War
World." A cost supper will be served
following the program.
mo-urial Chrisian Cuirch (Disci-
ples) : 10:45, Morning worship. The
Rev. .J Allen C'auby of Lansing will
Sguet eakr. 00, Guild Sunday
Evening Hour. Disciple students and
their friends will join with Congre-
gat ional students at the Congrega-
(fcn'd I Ci>iruch
l-irst -ClIu'bh of Christ, Scientist:
Wednesday evening service at 8:00.
Sunday morning service at 10:30.
Subject: "Love," Sunday school at
11:40. A free reading room is main-
tained by this church at 106 E.
Washing on St. where the Bible and
Christiar Science hiteiature, includ-
ing all of the writings of Maty Baker
Eddy, may be read, borrowed, or
purchased. Hours-l1:30 to 5, Sat-
uWdm ys to 9:00.
Roirer Williams Guild: Sunday eve-
IT'S UP TO YOU NOW:
Only by Reporting Violators of City Ordinance
Can Illegal Prices Be Efectively Restrained
ONE VIOLATOR of the city ordinance which
prohibits an extra charge being made by
taxis when passengers carry articles with them
was convicted Thursday and fined.
The question now is how many others have
violated this same ordinance and gotten away
with it, and even more important how many will
be allowed to continue this illegal practice in
Unless violators of the ordinance are re-
ported to the police department, they have no
way of finding and prosecuting law breakers.
In the past the cab companies have made this
extra charge and people have taken it more or
'less for granted.
When carrying persons to and from the sta-
tion the taxi drivers have charged an added fee
for those with luggage or in other words different
rates were charged for persons who had suit-
cases and those who did not.
Most of us did not know ahout the ordinance,
So we paid the extra fee with little if any com-
ment. Now the situation has changed. There is
was being overcharged and took action on the
uatter. He brought the matter to the atten-
tion of the police, who investigated, found that
the law had been broken and fined the vio-
The police are anxious to see that this illegal
practice is wiped out. Before they can act
though, they must have facts. There is no need
for anyone to pay this extra fee, but we will go
on paying it unless more people like Mr. Nor-=
ton have the courage of their convictions and
report violation to the police department.
Now that the campaign has begun against
the unlawful rates which the taxi companies
have been charging, the cooperation of every
person in Ann Arbor is needed. This is the
ONLY way the violators can be cauglt and
lawful rates mnaintaiined.