THE MICHIGAN DAILY
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E4r Sitrigan ?alLy
!Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control.
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
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I'd Rather Be Right
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, Nov. 4-The Moscow Declaa- not step out of the channel into the ditch. Let
tions have so changed the world as we knew it him leave the quibbling to others. Mr. Willkie's
only yesterday that one has the feeling of grop- importance has rested entirely on the fact that
ing his way amongst familiar things suddenly he has chosen, against all temptation, to move
become unfamiliar. in the main stream of the emerging life of our
When the Senate began its debate on the Con- time. Those who fall out of step with the Moscow
nally resolution, for example, the honorable Declarations are dead men; those who. march
members believed themselves to be discussing with them will find new doors to political life
the safe and distant future. and usefulness opening for them. Mr. Willkie's
They now find they are discussing the sharp future lies not in gouging fly-specks out of the
and imminent present. Senator Pepper has been Moscow Declarations, but in defending them
pleading for an amendment to make the Con- against attackers. The country may need a
nally resolution more specific. No amendment is Republican of that stripe. Mr. Willkie may be
needed now. Moscow has made the resolution assured that the struggle in which he has fought
specific. so long, so well, is not over, but will be resumed,
THE TRAIN IS IN though on a different level and in more complex
The train has arrived while we were still form.
drawing blueprints for the station. The Connally In the profoundly changed political climate
resolution can no longer be considered apart brought about by the Moscow Declarations,
from the situation created by the Moscow Declar- isolation seems to be losing its poise complete-
ations. The Senate of the United States must 1y. Senator Wheeler's first reaction was to de-
either ratify the world as it now exists or decide mand the four freedoms for Poland, too. The
that it prefers some other planet altogether. Senator at one time thought that dissemina-
Then there is the effect on some domestic tion of the four freedoms did not justify our
political fortunes. A part, at least, of Mr. Wen- going to war anywhere. He insisted that he
dell Willkie's strongest appeal to the elector- was a practical man. Now that he has been de-
ate would seem to have been washed out. Mr. feated on the practical level by the new alli-
Willkie had become the leader of internation- ance, he has abruptly become a moralist and
alist forces in American life. But the last chap- idealist.
ter of "One World" has been written in Mos- THE BOTTOM IS OUT
cow, and by Mr. Roosevelt. Mr. Willkie's argu- He'll be all right, in a little while. The bottom
ments have succeeded and so he has none left. has dropped out of the isolationist world, and it
He is the victim of having been right. It is needs time to think. It used to demand an exclu-
sad, because if he had been wrong, he would sive alliance with Britain, on the days when it
not have run out of thunder in quite the same was not denouncing Britain. The new Declara-
way. tions make that silly. Isolation also used to de-
Mr. Willkie is faced by a supremely delicate mand bases from Britain, on the days when it
choice. He can endorse the Moscow Declarations, was not demanding an exclusive alliance with
and ride with them. Or he can try to maintain j Britain. That, too, is now absurd. Where do the
some species of independent oppositional place boys go from here?
by quibbling about them. But a quibbler is not a Things used to be so much better for them,
leadyr u nbefore we were quite so successful. That demo-
cratic success leaves American isolation crushed,
ACCEPT, ACCEPT, ACCEPT bewildered and thunderstruck is an interesting
My best advice to him, and it comes from a thought, with which you may play as you like.
fond heart, is to accept, accept, accept. He must (copyright, 1943, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
WASHINGTON, Nov. 4-One con
tributing factor in the increasing
paper shortage has been lack of "boy-
power" to collect scrap paper, plus
lack of a War Production Board
sparkplug to get a paper collection
What happened was that shortly
after Pearl Harbor, housewives and
youngsters collected scrap paper
with such zeal that scrap dealers
were not able to take care of it,
reduced the price, sent word out
that no more paper was needed.
American patriotism was too much
for the unorganized scrap industry
At that time scrap paper was not
so urgently needed. But now the sit-
uation daily grows more acute. Most
scrap paper is made into cardboard
or heavy pasteboard packing -boxes,
much of it used to send war goods
abroad. When enough scrap paper is
not available for V-boxes, then they
are made of raw wood pulp, thus tak-
ing newsprint away from the daily
Belatedly, therefore, the War Pro-
duction Board has begun to stir itself
regarding paper salvage. Its inertia
has been as bad as its initial failure
regarding scrap iron.
But that does not make the paper
less needed. Actually tJUele Sam
needs 8,00,00 tonsof scrap paper.
There is a saying that nothing is as
dead as yesterday's newspaper. But
now any old newspaper is. alive for
scrap purposes. All sorts of paper
is needed - cigarette packages,
candy boxes, paper cups, news-
papers -- everything.
Scrap paper actually is in such de-
mand that one biscuit company had
to shut down because it was unable
to get paper boxes. It is so short that
a black market has sprung up. Ima.-
gine a year ago, bootlegging waste
GRIN AND BEAR IT
(?. 193 hcg Tte.Ie
Marion Ford . .
Jane Farrant. .
Betty Harvey .
. . . Editorial Director
* . . .City Editor
. Associate Editor
. . . Women's Editor
Iolly Ann Winokur
Ass't. Bus. Managers
Ass't. Bus. Managers
NIGHT EDITOR: VIRGINIA ROCK
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
BIG JOB AHEAD:
Detroit Campaign Over;
Jeries Must Clean Up
THE DETROIT MAYORALTY RACE is over
but the issues so violently argued through- "
out the campaign are still very much alive in
the minds of every citizen, waiting to be set-
The elections have done nothing to improve
the situation,, regardless of the outcome. They
have certainly made it worse. Much was said
by both candidates that should better have been
left unsaid. Some of it was untrue and much
of it unnecessary. Jeffries has won and it re-
mains to be seen if he can offer a solution for
the housing problem and at the same time clear
up the situation created by the mud-slinging
indulged in so unwittingly by both candidates.
The housing and labor problems which
should have been the main issues were buried
under the rehashing of the riots, and ridicu-
lous cries of Hitlerism. Name-calling was all
that concerned either candidate and as a re-
sult that too must now be cleaned up. Jeffries
has a job on his hands.
It is no longer a question of who was at fault
or who might have done the better job. All that
is over, and what remains important is that the
mayor and the people, all of them regardless of
color or creed, cooperate to help clean up De-
troit and restore it to a respectful place among
other great industrial cities. - Jean Athay
Election of Aurelio Is
Mockery of Ballot Box
THE VOTERS of New York City made a joke
out of that greatest of democratic privileges,
the ballot box, when they elected Thomas A.
Aurelio for a fourteen-year. term to the bench of
the New York State Supreme Court.
Repudiated by both the Republican and
Democratic parties which nominated him for
the office before they found out about his tie-
up with racketeer Frank Costello, Aurelio re-
mained on the ballot because of a legal tech-
nicality which could not be corrected.
In one of the craziest campaigns ever waged
in the history of politics, every newspaper, every
citizen's league, constantly warned the public
about voting a straight ticket and thus uncon-
sciouslycasting a ballot for Aurelio. Both par-
ties which nominated him carried on an intens-
ive propaganda program urging "don't vote for
D ESPITE all these forewarnings which were
given to Mr. John Q. Voter, in his usual leth-
argic interest in voting, which runs no farther
than the top men on the ballot, lhe went to the
polls, pulled that labor saving lever which en-
ables one to vote a straight ticket and walked
out satisfied that by his action he had completed
his duty as a citizen of a democratic nation.
'Now take Mac over there-he has no pt
just gonna continue looking for the job h
Senatorial Courtesy ... * if t
One of the oldest subterfuges prac- eigl
ticed in the name of "Senatorial dig- didi
nity" is the deletion of acrimonious h
debate from the Congressional Rec- del
ord. However, Florida's forthright sistc
young Claude Pepper is one Senator i
who believes in keeping the record Texa
straight, regardless of whom it hits. Tea
Pepper recently had a fiery ex- sent
change with Texas' Chairman Tom his r
Connally of the Foreign Relations expu
Committee over changes in the post- gram'
war peace resolution, during which Cong
the Texan roared that he had been one
"insulted." Later Connally went to forgo
Pepper, suggested the flareup be ain't
stricken from the Record.
"Il have to look it over to see (cop
Intensifies Race Issue
WITH THE REELECTION of Edward Jeffries
as mayor of Detroit the smouldering ques-
tions about the June 20 race riots, which have
not yet been answered, are being asked again.
The most remarkable thing about the Detroit
riot was that the possibility of such an outbreak
had been foreseen for more than a year before
it occurred, since feeling in the defense swollen
city had been rising steadily, yet no action was
taken to prevent the riot.'
In June, shortly before the race riots oc-
curred, when a procession of Negro leaders
and a few white leaders constantly visited the
City Hall beseeching the Mayor to do some-
thing about the impending upheaval, why did
Mayor Jeffries fail to take any positive action"
Anti-Negro, handbills were being distributed
on the steps of St. Florian's Church in Ham-
tramck during the Sojourner Truth riots..
Why was there such confusion, indecision,
and criminal delay among the city and state
officials when the imminent revolt finally
broke out in oven warfare-as the score of
dead and injured mounted by the hourT
HOW UNBIASED or consistent is the judg-
ment of the city officials? Prosecutor Dow-
ling, who declared he was against a grand jury
and charged that an association of colored peo-
ple and a local colored weekly were responsible
for the riot, after a resultant wave of resentment
and tension from the Detroit Negro population,
immediately did an about-face, saying, "I like
Negroes. It's a pity the way the Negroes are
treated in Paradise Valley by the Jews. The
Jews own all the food and liquor stores and
pawnshops.' The Negroes do not have a chance
under such a setup."
But the fact is this: neither before the riot
nor since has there been any real effort to deal
directly with the glaring reasons for the out-
break. Perhaps the most remarkable statement
came from Attorney General Biddle, who in a
letter to the President on July 15, suggested
that Negro movement to Detroit be limited if
not closed! Apparently, then, the Negroes are
to be compromised in their status as citizens!
Earl Brown, a noted political writer, has sug-
gested in an article in "Harper's" that the only
} way to promote cooperation and progress be-
tween the whites and blacks, the following
things should be done:
(1) Call a Grand Jury to investigate the riot
which would bring the just conviction of
many rioters, black and' white.
(2) Set up a bona fide working committer;
of colored and white citizens to represent all
groups in the community. The present Inter-
racial Committee is a sham.
(3) Let the Auto Workers Union stop hate
(4) Let the Detroit papers be truthful in
(5) The people of Detroit should be told
constructive and true news about the. Negro
(6) The Detroit police should give up their
h~abitof bullying Negroes as a matter of
7), The police Lshould hand out equal justice
Miners Win Original
Demands for Wages
AT LONG LAST the UMW and Secretary Ickes
have managed to come to an agreement on
a wage increase for the bituminous coal miners,
ending the nation-wide coal strike.
The $1.50 a day wage increase agreed upon
is precisely theafigure that the UMW asked for
in the Illinois agreement and which the WLB
refused. Even the fact that the WLB formula
is adhered to by the expedient of cutting the
miner's lunch time and counting the time it
takes him to get from the pit to the surface
does not alter the fact that the miners have
won the battle they fought so long and bit-
terly for a higher wage to meet the increased
cost of living.
SECRETARY ICKES is to be congratulated for
his agreement with the UMW. A method of
granting the UMW's consistent wage raise de-
mands without violating the WLB formula for
wage increases has held up settlement of the
mine issue for months. The minute President
Roosevelt gave Ickes the power to negotiate an
agreement, the Secretary accomplished what
should have been settled last May.
The lost production hours caused by the coal
strikes cannot be recovered, but Ickes has taken
a step that should prevent any recurrence of
this stoppage in one of the most vital industries.
What is more important, the miners have re-
ceived a wage increase that they badly needed
in the face of rising costs and hazardous work-
ing conditions. - Betty Ann Koffman
Subsidies A re Needed
To Control Living Costs
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT in his message to
Congress on Monday urged that the food
subsidy program be continued in order to con-
trol the cost of living.
The decision which Congress makes on the
subsidy program will mean the difference be-
tween a well-balanced food program in keep-
ing with our current wage and price controls
or uncontrolled inflation and a possible food
The stabilization 'of prices and wages consti-
tute a major basis for our wartime economy.
The food subsidy program has brought about
reductions in the price of food to within the
price control scale. If the subsidy plan is de-
feated, food prices will rise to their former lev-
els and, in all probability, continue to rise.
Demands for , increased wages will follow an
increase in the cost of living. The vicious spiral
of uncontrolled inflation will have begun.
THE FOOD subsidy program has many bitter
opponents. The powerful Farm Bloc is
fighting against it because they would benefit
from higher ceiling prices for farm produce.
Yet dropping the subsidy plan would result in
loss for everyone. The cycle of inflation, when
started, is uncontrollable.
DA ILY OFFICIAL 'BULLETIN
. : .. ,
(Continued from Page 2)
to All Heads of Departments:
Please notify Mrs. Burns in the Bus-
iness Office the number of Faculty
Directories needed in your depart-
To save postage and labor the
practice of mailing directories is dis-
continued. Any staff member may
have a copy by applying at the Bus-
iness Office, 1 University Hall.
The Directories will be ready for
distribution Nov. 11.:
Herbert G. Watkins,
Michigan Daily: There will be no
house delivery of The Daily for the
fall term. All faculty members and
others entitled to receiveThe'Daily
may sign subscription blanks at the
Business Office, 1 University Hall,
for delivery of the paper to their
Herbert G. Watkins,
The University Automobile Regu-
lation became effective at 8:00 a.m.,
Monday, Nov.. 1. All students are
urged' to refer to the explanatory ar-
ticle to be found in the, Nov. 2 issue
of The Michigan Daily or to read the
outline of the ruling which is given
on the reverse of their cashier's re-
To Deans, Directors, Department
Heads and Others Responsible for
Payrolls: Payrollsgfor the Fall Term
are ready for approval.- This must
be done by Nov. 10 in order to ar-
range for annuity and insurance
Edna Geiger Miller
Fraternities and Sororities, both
general and professional, should se-
cure membership blanks from the
Dean of Students at once on which
to list active members and pledges
for the Fall Term. Ther'e lists should
be made'out as of Nov. 1; Blanks will
be mailed upon request.
Approved Organizations, which
wish official recognition for the year
1943-44, should submit lists of offi-
cers on blanks provided by the Dean
of Students. Unless an organization
submits such a list it will be consid-
ered inactive for the year.
Fraternity Rushing for the fall
term will begin on Monday, Nov. 8,
and will be conducted under "Rush-
Council in the Undergraduate Office
of the League and to the Office of the
Dean of Women by 5:00 p. m. today.
All treasurers of student organiza-
tions for the current term are rem
quested to repott as soon as conven-
ient to W. B. Rea, Auditor of Student
Organizations, Room 2, University
The Medical Aptitude Test of the j
Association of American Colleges, a
normal requirement for admission to
practically all medical schools, will
be given on Friday, Nov. 5, through-
out. the United States. The test,
which will require about two hours,
will be given in Ann Arbor in the
Rackham Lecture Hall from 3 to 5
Any student planning to enter a
medical school and who has not pre-
viously taken the Aptitude Test
should do so at this time. You are
requested to be in yopr seats prompt-
ly and to bring with you two well-
The fee of $1.00 is payable at the
Cashier's Office through Nov. 4.
C. S. Yoakum
Graduate Students: Preliminary
examinations in French and German
for the doctorate will be held on Fri-
day, Nov. 5, at 4:00 p. m. in the
Rackham Amphitheatre. Dictionaries
may be used.
Program in Regional Administra-
tion and Reconstruction in the Divi-
sion for Emergency Training-Course
303-Seminar in Middle Europc. In-
tensive study of certain aspects of a
region within the larger area of Mid-
die Europe and of the life of the peo-
ple living therein. The seminar is
designed to follow the course 203
(Survey and Analysis of Middle Eu-
rope) which was given during the
summer term. This course may be
elected by those who were enrolled in
Course 203 and by graduate students
and seniors who are majoring in one
of thesocial sciences and who have
adequate background, with the ap-
proval of their advisers, of the in-
structor, and of a 'representative of
the Divisior for Emergency Training.
Tuesday. 7-9. Hostie. Room 308 Li-
First meeting Tuesday, November 9.
L. S. and A. Juniors now eligible
for concentration should get Admis-
sion to Concentration blanks at
Room 4, U.H. immediately. These