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Edited and managed by students of theUrUniversity of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the sugnmer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein sap reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Colegiate Press, 1943-44
Marion Ford .
Jane Farrant .
Bud Low. .
Harvey Frank. .
Mary Anne Olson
Doris Kuentz .
. .Managing Editor
. . Editorial Director
. . .City Editor
. . Associate Editor
Associate Sports Editor
Associate Rports Editor
* .Women's Editor
. Ass't Women's Editor
. . . Columnist
. . . Columnist
Molly Ann Winokur
. Business Manager
. Asst Bus. Manager
. Ass't Bus. Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: STAN WALLACE
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
City Fights Waves of
ANN ARBOR'S law enforcement authorities
are, at the present time, fighting the worst
wave of juvenile delinquency in the history of
The Washtenaw County Sheriff's Office
alone reported over 250 juvenie cases in the
last eight months. One officer at police head-
quarters stated that "most of the arrests that
amount to anything nowadays turn out to be
It is true that many of the juvenile complaints
appearing on the police blotter are not serious,
but merely show that minors are up to their
age old tricks of stealing fruit, trespassing, and
generally making nuisances of themselves. But
here are the types of juvenile cases that appear
too frequently on the police records:
A 17-year-old girl arrested for becoming
"tooBfriendly" with soldiers at the Romulus
A brother and sister, age 15 and 17, appre-
hended on Huron River Drive, drinking. When
these two were followed by police they were seen
entering a bar near Jackson;
Boys, ranging from 14 to 17 years of age
breaking into drug stores, filling stations, and
Week-end drunk partiesf
Children running away from home for a
Stealing, rape, and teen-age prostitution.
All of the cases are too numerous to describe
These are the problems that confront our
law enforcement officers every day. Arresting
minors who commit delinquent acts is' not
difficult, but w4en our police see the same
youths arrested twice, three times, and at the
same time influencing other minors to commit
crines a n lead unli4thy s lives, our of-
ficials realize that they are witnessing the
worst outbreak of juvenile crime in this city's
The usualhretrt to our delinquent problem
runs along the theory that we have opened our
doors to the low-class factory worker, and sub-
sequently to their children. We pass off the
problem by saying that it is these children who
seem to be running berserk.
But this is not the situation in Ann Arbor.
In addition to the so-called "drifters'" chil-
dren, there are established Ann Arbor families
who have had to resort to strict disciplinary
measures with their children, who have been
There you have a brief sketch of Ann Arbor's
1944 juvenile delinquency problem.
Peace Rumors Were
THE BRITISH were angry at Russia again.
This time English ire was aroused by Pravda,
the official Red Army newspaper, which printed
a story claiming that English officials met Ger-
many's Von Ribbentrop in Spain, and have made
nrn fntward a snarate neace.
Trade Schools Will Not
Solve Educwion Desires
IF CERTAIN educators in the State of Michigan
have their' way, the schools of the future will
be little more than technical training institutions
for would-be experts.
Certainly those intereted in a "liberal 'edi-
cation received an unpleasant Jolt when the
State Board of Control for Vocational Education
announced its plan for Michigan's post-war
The plan, which is said by educators to he the
best developed of any in its early stages, has
several unique features. According to its
framers, it is based on the realization that
education in secondary schools must be re-
vised to meet the demands of students in a
changing economy. Vocational training has
to be placed on an equal plane with the ac-
cepted cultural eucation, these post-war plan-
And so, with the aim of equality in mind,
the educators ask that 30 schools-with the
avowed purpose of pure technical training-
be established in Michigan.
The cost of erection will be borne by the
areas served, the State of Michigan, and the
Federal government. The tuition would be
free, transportation would be provided, and
there would be practical admission require-
ments. One concession was made when the
committee intimated 'that possibly cultural
courses may become a part of the curriculum.
While such a plan seems practical to the nth
degree, it is, nevertheless, based on a series of
First, the vocationalists assume that the
primary function of education is to provide
the student with a job
Second, by emphasizing the development of
special skills, these educators are assuming that
an individual may be divided into segments of
a personality, and that one part of him is of
greater importance. and therefore should be
developed more completely than-any other.
Third, the vocationalists believe that schools
can best provide technical training.
Not only would one find it difficult to prove
that the primary duty of education is to provide
a job, but one would also be required to demon-
strate that all those who have attended either
high school or college have as a result found
It has long been the ideal of liberal-minded
educators that higher learning, whether it be
the secondary school or the college, should
teach individuals to be good citizens, not to be
merely effective workers. For if we create
schlools designed merely to train skilled work-
ers, we will fail in one of our most important
obligations-that of educating for democracy.
A citizen of a republic must not only be econ-
omically self-sufficient, but he must also be
capable of understanding others' economic,
social, and political problems. In other words,
he must be able to think, to examine reports
and to choose the truth, to decide what is best
for the greatest number of people.
The issue we face when we argue the value of
establishing purely vocational schools in place
of those containing "cultural" subjects is not
vocational training versus a "liberal" education;
the issue resolves itself to this: are we to turn
working automatons out of our schools or intel-
ligent citizens, educated for democracy?
The vocationalists, by emphasizing the de-
velopment of special skills, are thereby separat-
ing an individual's personality into segments
and maintaining that one part of his abilities
should be trained more completely than any
other. Would it not seem more logical to
strike a happy medium? It is true that in the
early days of education, teachers tended to
emphasize the cultural, "impractical" sub-
jects, while they ignored any application of
their teachings to real life situations. There
was no such thing as "vocational" training
where a student could learn a trade while at-
The recent developments in education are
worthwhile, but they can be carried too far. If
schools would couple their academic subjects
with vocational courses, they would then satisfy
both the culturally minded citizens and those
interested in practical results.
The last assumption would be difficult to
substantiate. Business men and manufactur
ers have frequently said that they can train
their employees better and cheaper than any
school. The present war crisis likewise Illus-
trates that vocational training can be done-
on the job. Consequently, it seems thast to
invest millions of dollars in vocational schools
would not only be unwise, but also impractical.
Should such a plan as the one developed by
the Michigan Vocational Board be adopted
throughout the United States, American citizens
would find themselves faced with a curious
dilemma. For they would be trained to perform
their jobs with the least amount of time and
effort; this would leave more of their day for
leasure acttivities. Aied yet, having had only
a technical training, many of them would be
incapable of putting their free time to worth-
We do not deny that vocational education
deserves a place in the panorama of education,
but we do maintain that it is only a part of
the whole picture.
Education for democracy can be achieved,
but not by turning out machine-men from voca-
tional training schools.
NEW MUSICAL IDEAS, compositions, and in-
terpretations are as necessary to the welfare
of the art as they are of interest to its followers,
but there comes a time when a program of con
ventional music affords a welcome relief in the
midst of such innovations Arir iubinstein
was the pianist who gave us just that relief last
night in Hill Auditorium at the seventh :rert
of the present Choral Union series.
Just why we call Mr. Rubinstein's program
conventional must be obvious from the start. He
opened his program with the popular Beethoven
"Appassionata Sonata," followed by a group if
Brahms and the Schumann "Symphonic Etudes,"
and reached, during the last half of the concert,
nothing more startling or modern than a ,mat-
tering of Shostakovitch and Villa-Lobos.
There was some mention of the fact, in the
audience, that the artit was guilty of an "ov-
erdose of romanticism." This may- be true to
a certain extent, hut the major portion of the
program was devoted to works of the romantic
period, and when it is considered that Mr.
Rubinstein was schooled by members of the
late romantic period, romanticism is not un-
The overdose was certainly not obvious. In
fact, the entire program up to the Chopin, seem-
ed to be done no differently than one might
have heard it done 50 years ago.
And yet despite the relief afforded by such a
program and the conventionality of the inter-
pretation, we cannot say that the concert, as
a whole, was outstanding; it was simply a
chance to hear familiar music well done, an
opportunity to sit back and relax.
The Beethoven and part of the Schumann were
the only selections to hit the level of mediocrity
during the evening. Not that there were any
discrepancies in the artist's technique, but rather
that the genuine feeling that filled the re-
mainder of the program was lacking. The
Brahms group was a contest in this respect,
for here there was life and spirit. He revealed
subtle colors and shadings that are often missed
by those pianists too busy with the technical
aspects of the compositions.
THE FINEST PARTof the entire performance
was without any doubt, the Chopin "Barcar-
olle," "Valse," and "Ballade." They were exqi-
site in every detail, each shading and pianissimo
executed with the greatest possible skill and fin-
esse. These delicate rhapsodies and musical im-
pressions seemed perfectly fitted to the temper-
ament of the artist both because of his birth and
training, and the audience sensed this through
the manner in which the music was presented
for one could actually have heard a pin drop
in the hushed auditorium.
The program was concluded with the Shos-
takovich "Polka" and De Falla's "Ritual Fire
Dance," both spirited numbers which the artist
did in a sure manner, indicating his mastery of
the keyboard. Mr. Rubinstein came back to the
stage to do two encores, one for the left hand
alone, and the last a selection from "The Doll's
Family" by Villa-Lobos.
1LP.H.1.P3to the &litOr
Letters to the Editor must be typewritten on one
side of tht paper only and signed with the name
and address of the writer. Requests for anonymous
publication will be met.
Social Is Failure...
The Union's Sunday Social yesterday was a
dipmal failure because of poor advertising, mis-
management, and lack of support. The article
in Sunday's Daily, unless very carefully read, led
one to believe that the affair was solely for serv-
icemen and their dates.
The social lacked supervision: the only rep-
resentative of the Union Social Committe ap-
peared to be*a soldier who kept the record
player going. The event was not supported.
by any responsible group or by the student
As a result, there were seldom more than six
or eight couples present at any one time. A
few couples looked in, but passed by when they
saw only one couple dancing, a few others con-
versing, and a number of stags. reading the
And thus the Sunday Social, which might
have become a tradition here, failed on its first
Compare this with Saturday night's Rec-Rally
at Barbour Gym, which was well advertised,
managed, and supported. Many students came
and we all had alot of. fun.
We would like to see both of these events
repeated. The Social, charging no admission
and taking place at a less busy time thdn the
Rec-Rally's Saturday night, could be a bigger
success than the Reec-Rally, if only it were as
-Dick Hines, Ed Blom
Dick Cooper, Art Higbee
Extravagant spending of money at home re-
sults in an extravagant spending of blood in
battle. Buy extra war bonds today to keep our
casualties to a minimum. Let's all back the
WASHINGTON, Jan. 19.- One
lobby you don't hear much about,
but which is among the most effec-
Live in Washington, is the title corn-
panies' lobby. With the help of the
insurance and bank lobbies, it has
held up millions of dollars supposed
to be paid, to people thrown out of
their homes when the government
took over land for Army and Navy
The government cannot yet pay
many of them under the old, slow-
moving system of clearing titles to
property. For more than a year, the
Justice Department has tried to
change this system, but the title law-
yers and title companies object. They
receive nice, juicy fees for clearing
titles, and they don't want new legis-
lation which would take away those
fees-even in wartime.
.Result is that, in many cases, peo-
ple who were moved off their land
months ago to make way for Army
and Navy camps still are unpaid. It
is one of the great and little known
tragedies of the war.
In a total of 120,000 tracts of land
taken by the Army and Navy, about
one half or around 70,000 still are
involved in pending condemnation
cases. These cannot be unsnarled
under the old-fashioned system of
The Justice Department estimates
that approximately 300,000 people,
equal to a city about the size of Port-
land, Ore., are completely homeless
yet still unpaid by the government,
as a result of the lobby's tactics.
For instance, when the Navy
took over the land for Camp Peary,
near Williamsburg, Va., home-owners
were moved out on Sept. 8, 1942. And
it was not until well into 1943 that
title eviden e was cleared through the
slow-movin routine channels, and
money started coming in to those
forced to move out.
Reform Bill Blocked...
To speed up this procedure, hard-
hitting Assistant Atty.-Gen. Norman
Littell persuaded members of Con-
gress to introduce legislation permit-
ting the government to clear titles
by posting notices and publishing
notices in local newspapers. If no
other claimant laid claim to the
property within thirty days, the gov-
ernment could then clear the prop-
erty and pay the owner.
It was at this point that the title-
company lobby swung into action,
supported by the insurance compan-
ies and the bankers. J. O. Bratt of
the American, Bankers. Association.
H. L. Smith of the American Title
Association, Horace Russell of the
United States Savings and Loan
League, together with the Mortgage
Bankers Association, have been the
chief operators against the bill.
Senator Byrd of Virginia, no radi-
cal, has been one of the chief sup-
porters of the reform. Impressed by
the terrific hardship suffered by resi-
dents of Quantico, Va., when the
government condemned land t en-
large the Marine Corps Base, Byrd
has vigorously fought the title-com-
pany lobby-so far unsuccessfully.
(Copriht. 1944, UE iFeatures Syn.)
y Crockeil Johmson
The flqh! OFF? i's more
hiiportnt7sr thon ever! ...
Pail othe nroceeds will
WEDNESDAY, JAN. 19, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 57
All notiees for the Daily Official Hu-
letin are to be sent to the office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
ticee shold be submitted -by 11:0 a.m.
School of Music Assembly will be
held today at 4:00 p.m. in the School
of Music Auditorium.
Seniors: College of L.S.&A. and
Schools of Education, Music and
Public Health: Tentative lists of
seniors for March graduation have
been posted on the bulletin board in
Rm. 4, University Hall. If your name
is misspelled or the degree expected
incorrect, please notify the Counter
Clerk. R. L Williams
Seniors in Aeronautical and Me-
chanical Engineering and Physics: A
representative of the National Advis
ory Committee for Aeronautics (gov-
ernment agency) will be in Ann
Arbor on Thursday, Jan. 20, to inter-
view seniors for positions in the
NACA laboratories at Langley Field
Va.; Cleveland, 0., and Moffett Field
Calif. Interested men will please sign
the interview schedule posted on, the
Aeronautical Engineering Bulletin
Board; near Rm. B-47 East Engi-
neering Building. Interviews will be
held in R. 3201 East Engineering
University Lecture: Miss Frey a
Stark,authoress and traveller in the
Near East, will speak on "A Journey
into Yemen in 1940" (illus.) on Wed-
nesday, Jan. 26, at 7:30 p.m. in the
Rackham Amphitheatre. The lecture
will be under the auspices of the In-
stitute of Fine Arts. The public is
Lecture: The Student Branch of
A.I.A. is sponsoring a lecture (illus.)
by representatives of Libby, Owens,
Ford. Glass Co. on Friday, Jan. 21, at
3:30 p.m. in the auditorium of the
School of Architecture and Design,
"Glass in Construction in 194x," will
be discussed by Mr. H. Creston Don-
er, and "Glass-The Key to Post-
War Designing," by Mr. 0. F. Wenz-
ler. The public is invited.
French Lecture: Professor Charles
E. Koella, of the Romance Language
Department, will give the second of
the French Lectures sponsored by
the Cercle Francais entitled: "Le
role de la Suisse dans tn monde en
guerre" onw Thursday, Jan. 20, at
8a0 p.m in. the Assembly Room in
the Rackham Building.
Tickets for the series of lectures
may be procured from the Secretary
of the Department of Romance
Languages. (Rm. 112, Romance Lang-
uage Building) or at the door at the
time of the lectures.
All servicemen are admitted free
of charge to all lectures.
Academi c Notices
Zoology 31 (Organic Evolution):
All papers from the recent examina-
tion should be returned for a possible
change of grade. Prompt return is
Professor of Zoology
GRIN AND BE AR I
"-and with the season for presidential candidates officialy
open, I think it's high time to select a committee to throw out
the first mud!"
NEW YORK,-11. :1. i.--rfoilowec
the State Depaom uent \ Satrday
night ra dio pu-o ti iw iti int ere~t
Trhe radio i,a wonderful tvenln.
You turn a ltle knob, and you can
hear, from hundreds o miles away,
that the State Departmient was never
They did a lot of talking about
some fellow name d Darlan, an O-
scure French character whom I
seem to have forgotten. An Ad-
miral, or something. Ie shot
somebody, or somebody shot him,
or maybe it wasb oth. It happened
in Persia, or one of those places.
Anyway, they spent a lot of pro-
gram time discussing this charae-
ter, and telling how smart we were
to deal with him. As a man who
is on the radio himself, may . take
the liberty of su-gestig to the
Department that this was had pro-
This all happened fou-rteen years
ago, or fourteen mont hs, or some-
thing, and if you want to hold listen-
er attention, you have to stick to
subjects that are up to date. For
instance, there is a French character
around named de Gaulle, and a lot
of people are interested in why we
are not on good terms with him. But
he was never mentioned, on the
I can hardly wait. for future
installments of this serial, -when
they get out of the part about how
smart we were to deal wIth this
dead Frenchman, a nd reach ihe
place about why we don't gealon
better with the live one.
I also wondered' a litte bit about
the wisdom of putting on an official
State Depart-ment radio show to jus-
tify the Darlan policy, right noe,
when our relations with de Gaulle
are so strained, and when Mr. Chur-
chill has just spent four hours with
de Gaulle at Marrakesh, trying t fix
things up. De Gaulle might think eve
were rubbing it in. You have to think
about these things when you do a
radio show. Especially in wartime.
I know. I once caught hell for kt-
tacking the King of Italy.
Besides, a radio script has to
have a certain strong logicallt#
about it. In this Saturday sho*,
they started with the premise that;
everything We did in French North
Africa was smart, and right. Well,
that's good. The audience wilg
accept that, near the beginning, to
get the show started. But before
the show is over, they will want to
know why it is so many Frenchmen
don't seem to like us.
You can't evade that by just sign-
ing off with a commercial for Robert
D. Murphy. It's not good radio. The
building must never fall on Super-
man, if you get what I mean.
Once you establish a premise, you
have to follow through. Your script
premise is that this character you're
plugging can get along with anybody,
no matter if he's a dog (and I under-
stand this Darlan was not a high-
class type) but then you come to fhe
de Gaulle episode, and your audience
wonders why your hero doesn't get
along with him, too.
The listener might reason, well
I guss this hero gets along best
with the wrong kind of French-
man, which would be an unfrtui-
nate conclusion, spoiling the polit
of the whole script.
I offer these tips as a professiol
writer who earns his income in- pfi-i
vate industry, under the free enter-
prise system, but who has no quarrel
with government, and is always will-
ing to give the agencies a hand.
There's a lot can be done with- that
script. A couple of- chages I could
thinktof in the latter part would
pick it right up.
(Copyright. 1944, NY. Post Syndicate)
in speaking or hearing Italian is wel-
The Association Music Hour will
present the final setion of Bach's
"St. Matthew Passion" at Lane Halt.
this evening at 7:30. Everyone inter-
ested is invited.
The Michigan Youth for Demo-
cratic Action will meet tonight at
7:30 at the Union (room nimber wilL
be on fthe Union lbulle ~tn bard).
The sbec.ofri e&meeinrg.will be
"The 1R-Yea -Old Vote," and "Sub-
sidies and Fedl i So1lier Vote."
The public i invite(
U. of M. Chapter, A.A.U.P.: Open
dinner meeting at the Michigan Un-
ion Cafeteria Monday evening, Jan.
24, at 6:45. Fill trays and gather at
the tables in the Faculty Club. Invite
friends who are not members. Piro-
gram subject: "The Future of Dem-
ocracy," with an address on "lRe-
thinkin -' Democracy," v1 Professor
Roy W. Sella-s.
Come prepared fm, a vote in the
annual election of National Officers.
For informa).oono ( offices tobe
tilled and caddae, ete October
or Decembe-r Blletin7. 1943. Please
Gus, we my t vWOi the verse of this calamitous The boxing match! It ,
flood. I'll direct the rescue work and speak a few will be cancelled now,
..us, e utn vis=t -, s.%e of..i . i -mio, t"e .oxing mathn I
"O'McJley Carries Wood Nymph
to Sa"t n' . ."Comiortb 1t omele
E vents i oday