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January 19, 1944 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-01-19

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Weather
cloudy and Colder

VOL LIV No. 5" ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JAN. 19, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Committee

Acts

To

Kill Labor

Draft Bill

- AN)

Reds Strike
Germans West
Of Leningrad
Old Nazi Defense Lines
Are Shattered in Two
Northern Offensives
By JAMES M. LONG
Associated Press Correspondent
LONDON, Jan. 18.-Lashing out in
two new northern offensives the Red
Army has shattered long-standing
German defense lines west and south
of Leningrad and is advancing in the
areas south of Oranienbaum and
north of Novgorod, Moscow an-
nounced tonight.
Russians Are Advancing
The two offensives, apparently
aimed at clearing the Germans from
lines which curl around Leningrad
within artillery range of Russia's se-
cond largest city, were announced
exactly a year after the siege of the
city was broken.
Oranienbaum, about 20 miles west
of Leningrad on the Baltic shore
south of the island naval base of
Kronstadt, has been in Russian
hands throughout the siege of Len-
ingrad. Although surrounded by
Germans on the east, west and south,
Oranienbaum and other towns to the
east have been a bridgehead for
Kronstadt.
Reds Develop Offensive
Russian troops "broke through
strongly fortified enemy defense
lines constructed over a long period.
They are successfully developing
their offensive and advancing," said
the Moscow communique, recorded
by the Soviet Monitor from a broad-
cast,
North of Novgorod, on the Volkhov
River front, the second Soviet drive
"broke through strongly fortified de-
fenses of the Gerimans" and /Red
troops are "successfullly developing
their offensive," the bulletin said.
Soviets Accept
British Denial
LONDON, Jan. 18.-(P)-Moscow
gave full acknowledgment tonight to
Britain's repudiation of peace talks
with Germany but at the same time
cited a story in a British Sunday
newspaper as a basis for rumors that
the Nazis actually were seeking a
peace.
Pravda, official Communist Party
paper, published yesterday, a "rumor
from Cairo" that two British person-
alities had discussed a separate peace
with German Foreign Minister Joa-
chim von Ribbentrop somewhere on
the Iberian Peninsula.
The British Foreign Office prompt-
ly : enied it and today called the
denial officially to the attention of
the Soviet Government.
Tass, official Soviet news agency,
broadcast the British denial over the
Moscow radio tonight and transmit-
ted it to Russian papers.
World News
In Brief...

They Are Expendable,
rT:::::: x},., } C ..
PFC. THOMAS J. RADDINGTON
r. of Milton, Mass.
and
PFC. JOHN Ja PASTON
of Republic, Pa,
have marked the grave of their
buddy who was killed in action at
"Suicide Point," Rendova Island
with his steel helmet, rocks,
and a cross made of shell
eases
Their fallen comrade, with whom
they journed thousands of miles
into the Southwest Pacific, gave
his life fighting so that liberty
might be preserved in the
country he called home
" Yet refusalrf our representatives
> : :::in Congress to pass a federal sol-
dier voterbill threatens the lib-
..' . .: <T.:T" T:":{::{'.4T.. :: :":4' ::" .i'ht:{{:[erty{{i:for'ifwhich thisety or whsoldierol ie
B utT he Ly Can't Vote C
Clip This Out, Send It to Your Congressman Immediately:
A federal bill guaranteeing our fighting soldiers their right to vote has :already been
turned down by the Senate and by the House Election Committee. The issue is now in
the hands of the House Rules Committee.
As a citizen of the United States, I, the undersigned, denanld inediatl passage of a
federal soldier-vote bill that will give the 11,000,000 weni and ivolnen in service a voice
in the governinent of the country for which they are sacrificing so miuch.
University of Michigan

U.S. Orders Railways
Returned to Owners
Wage Increases Granted to Employees;
New Pay Scales Are Made Retroactive

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 18.-The
railroad wage dispute was settled to-
day with raises all around, and the
government-seized lines were or-
dered returned to their owners to-
night.
The return of the railroads to pri-
vate management, effective at mid-
night, was ordered by Secretary of
War Henry L. Stimson, after receipt
of a letter from the White House ad-
vising him of the settlement and re-
commending the lifting of Army con-
trol.
Today's settlement grants wage in-
creases from nine to 11 cents an hour
for employes of major railroads who
are members of 15 non-operating
unions.
Unions Represent 1,10,,000
The 15 unions represent 1,100,000
shopmen, clerks and other railroad
employes who do not operate trains.
The 350,000 members of the five
operating brotherhoods - engineers
and others who operate trains-re-
ceived pay adjustments some time
ago giving them increases amounting
to nine cents an hour.
Economic Stabilizer Fred M. Vin-
son approved the settlement for the
non-ops tonight, making the new pay
scales retroactive to the' date the
government took over the railroads.'
He also approved the wage agree-
Witte Requests
Fair !Econ oie
Poliey for All
WLB Director Points
To Post-War Security.
At Pastors' Meeing
Maintaining that we cannot hope
to have a lasting peace unless we ful-
fill the world-wide expectation of
economic security, Dr. Edwin Witte,
director of the War Labor Board for
Detroit, declared last night that "a
fair economic opportunity for all
people must be achieved, not at some
future date, but as soon as possible."
Speaking on the panel, "Effective
Means for World Order and Peace"
at the fifth annual Michigan Pastors'
Conference, Dr. Witte held that "ev-
ery man has a moral right to an op-
portunity to earn a living. Even
Hitler had to hold out to his en-
slaved people the hope for security
after the war."
Prof. Preston Slosson, second mem-
ber of the panel, maintained that a
kind of super international organiza-
tion is the prime essential if "we hope
to prevent a third or fourth or fifth
world war."
If all nations were converted to
moral laws, there would be no war,
he pointed out, "but the process would
be too slow.. we cannot afford to
wait."
The last lecture of the conference
by Dr. Hornell Hart, professor of so-
cial ethics at Duke, will be open to
the public. He will speak at 10:30
a.m. today in the Rackham Building.

ments for Railway Express clerks,
blacksmiths and machinists. The
White House said the case involving
teamsters has not been settled.
Raises Are Stepped
Under the settlement-outlined to
the President in a letter from J. J.
Pelley, president of the Association
of American Railways--non-operat-
ing employes receiving less than 47
cents an hour will get an 11-cent
hourly increase, those making 47 to
57 cents will receive 10 cents more
and all others will get a nine-cent
raise.
The 15 non-operating unions ori-
ginally asked an increase of 20 cents
an hour and the five operating bro-
therhoods wanted a 30 per cent hike,
or $3 a day, whichever might be
greater.
Prospects for
WAVES To Be
Interviewed
Lt. (j.g.) Helen M. Stewart and
Harriet M. Simonson, Sp. (R) 3c, re-
cruiting officers for the WAVES,
will interview women who are inter-
ested in joining the U.S. Naval Re-
serve, from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. today,
tomorrow, and Friday at the Michi-
gan League.
Lt. (j.g) Stewart and Sp.(R) 3c
Simonson are particularly interested
in talking with women who will be
graduated in February. However,
women graduating in June are also
invited to talk with the officers. They
will answer all questions concerning
the WAVES, including those about
enlistment, training, wages, and po-
"stionq after basic' training.
Every WAVE who is assigned to a
shore job releases one Navy man for
active duty at sea. In a person for
person count, WAVES have released
enough men for sea duty to man 12
battleships.
The Navy has achieved its 1943
enlistment quota with 47,600 officers
and enlisted personnel now marching
in the Navy blues. Of this number,
10,500 women are still in training
and 37,100 are at Naval shore estab-
lishments.
This is the third WAVE recruiting
drive to be held in Ann Arbor. Navy
officials held the hope that both wo-
men from the University and women
from Ann Arbor will support this
campaign and enlist in the WAVES.

House Action
Bars Move for
Law's Passage
Election Year, Worker
Opposition Are Factors
In Adverse Sentiment
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 18.-Na-
tional Service legislation, never given
anything but a cold shoulder in Con-
gressional committee since President
Roosevelt proposed it a week ago,
was all but finally frozen out today.
Chairman May (Dem., Ky) said
the action of the House Military
committee in pigeon-holing the mat-
ter indefinitely did not preclude fu-
ture consideration.
One Door Open
But two highly-influential legisla-
tors-one a Democrat and the other
a Republican, each high in his par-
ty's councils-privately expressed the
conviction that the measure could
not be passed at this time despite
the presidential stimulant.
They left only one door open. Both
men, duscussing the question separ-
ately, said the bill could be revived
only if a serious strike or strikes tied
up war production at a time when
military casualty lists are lengthen-
ing.
Bill Poorly Timed
Both men said, too, that the White
House request came too late, that it
might have been passed had it reach-
ed the capitol shortly after Pearl
Harbor or even at the time whend-
turbed labor relations contributed to
passage of the Smith-Connally War
Disputes Act last year.
MYDA To Hold
Meeting Today
Meeting at 7:30 p.m. today for the
first time since receiving official Uni-
versity recognition as a campu~s or-
ganization, Michigan Youth for
Democratic Action will discuss a pro-
gram of action to be taken on the re-
sults of the soldier vote poll.
1732 .students in this poll, taken
jointly by MYDA and The Daily,
voted for the federal soldier vote bill
and 95 opposed it.
Members of the new anti-fascist
group, formerly known as Student
Victory Committee, will also discuss
the 18 year-old vote bill and subsi-
dies. Mort Rosenthal will present the
affirmative for the 18 year-old vote,
while Virginia Long will take the
negative in the forum to be conduct-
ed on this topic.

* 'I

* * 'I'

These Are Congressmen on Rules Committee

Rep. Adolph J. Sabath (D., Ill.)
Chairman
Rep. Earl C. Michener (R., Mich.)
Representative from this district
Rep. Eugene E. Cox (D., Ga.)
Rep. Howard W. Smith (D., Va.)
Rep. Martin Dies (D., Tex.)
Rep. J. Bayard Clark (D., N.C.)

Rep.
Rep.
Rep.
Rep.
Rep.
Rep.
Rep.

John J. Delaney (D., N.Y.)
William M. Colmer (D., Miss.)
Joe B. Bates (D., Ky.)
Ham Fish (R., N.Y.)
Leo Allen (R., Ill.)
Charles A. Halleck (R., Ind.)
Clarence J. Brown (R., O.)

Address: House Office Building, Washington, D.C.

'U' Takes Lead
Supporting FM
Radio Network
The University yesterday took the
lead in supporting the proposed Fre-
quency Modulation radio network
for educational institutions in Mich-
igan by preparing its application to
broadcast to the Federal Communi-
cations Commission.
The network would go into opera-
tion after the war and would encom-
pass some 30 to 40 stations through-
out the state,
Michigan is the first state to con-
sider such a system and the Univer-
sity is the first in Michigan to in-
dicate its support.
Dr. Joseph Maddy, president of
National Music Camp, is touring the
state on behalf of the proposal and
reported that seven other institu-
tions have alreay indicated their sup-
port.
The other institutions are: the De-
troit. Board of Education, Bay City
Junior College, Pontiac High School,
Central State Teachers' College, Mich-'
igan State College at East Lansing,
and Traverse City High School,

State Bishops
To Meet Today
Pastors Will Discuss
Problems of Peace
Methodist pastors from the eastern
part of the state will attend the
Bishops' "Crusade for a New World
Order" opening at 9:30 a.m. today at
the First Methodist Church.
Designed to create interest in the
problems of world peace, this nation-
wide movement will appeal to the
church members of all denomina-
tions.
Speakers of the conference include
Bishop Ralph Cushman of Cleveland,
who will present "Christian Amer-
ica," Dr. Ernest F. Tittle of Evans-
ton, Ill., who will discuss "The Com-
mission on World Peace and the Cru-
sade," and Dr. Ralph Diffendorfer of
New York City who will present "A
Christian World "
All interested students, servicemen
and townspeople are invited to at-
tend the sessions.
Representatives to the Crusade will
come from six districts, including
Ann Arbor, Detroit, Flint, Marquette,
Port Huron and Saginaw Bay,

War Ideologies
To Be Post-War,
Lecture Topic
Prof. Wolfgang Kraus of the politi-
cal science department will deliver a
lecture at 7:30 p.m. tomorrow in the
Union under the auspices of the Post-
War Council.
Built around the general topic,
"War and the Conflict of Idealogies,"
Prof. Kraus's talk will deal specific-
ally with such questions as: 1)-
What is the character of the war:
merely a clash of great powers
struggling for survival and empire,
or is it more than that? 2)-What
are the fundamentals of Democracy
and of Fascism? 3)-Do bureaucracy
and Communism have anything in
common? and 4)-How significant
are these thought patterns in terms
of political reconstruction?
Immediately following Prof. Kraus's
speech will be a general discussion
period. This lecture is one of a series
of weekly meetings open to the public
sponsored by the Post-War Council.

BACKING THE ATTACK:

' ~

More Than $2,000 in Bonds
Sold First Day by 'U' Belles

At the close of the first day of the
Fourth War Loan drive more than
$2,000 worth of War Bonds had been
sold by University bond belles, ac-
cording to Deborah Parry, '45, head
of 'Junior Girls' Project.
The bond belles started selling
I Monday, a day before the official

Germans Withdraw
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS,
GIERS, Jan. 18.--)--Hitler's

Bond Belles' Make Sale to President Ruthven

AL-
10th

German Army has withdrawn to the
powerful Gustav Line, several hun-
dred yards northwest of the Rapido
River, for a final bloody stand to
protect Cassino on the road to Rome,
headquarters announced today, as
American patrols crossed the stream
north of Cassino and probed enemy
positions.
Churchill Arrives Home
LONDON, Jan. 18,-(IP)-Priine
Minister Churchill, looking branz
ed and fit after his recovery from
pneumonia, returned today from a
ten weeks absence in the Middle
East and Morocco and quickly
swung into a series of urgent con-
ferences with the King, Cabinet
chiefs and high military leaders,
looking toward zero hour for the
Allied invasion of western Europe.
House Discusses Taxes
WA rmrvrrm~ .Th ra 1gpA- f

campaign opened, and have been
"doing very well," Miss Parry said.
Most of the sales have been of the
higher denomination E bonds, she
added. Some $500 and $100 and sev-
eral $50 bonds have been ordered.
About half a dozen bond belles
were on hand yesterday at the
League to receive orders and deliver
bonds. Most of the purchasers pre-
ferred to call and take advantage of
the messenger service.
Figures on Ann Arbor sales are not
yet available, but Chairman Fred E.
Benz said, "From all indications ev-
eryone seems very enthusiastic, and
we anticipate going over the top in
the city of Ann Arbor."
Thirteen separate organizations,
each with its own quota, are carrying
on the Ann Arbor E bond sale. An
effort will be made to contact every
person in the city before the crive
ends next month.
Ann Arbor's share of the $7,477,000
Washtenaw County quota**$4,725,-
000. Of this last amount, $1,500,000
must be invested in E bonds.
The total national goal for Series
E bonds in the Fourth War Loan
campaign is three billion dollars, or
slightly more than one-half billion
dollars over the total sales of this
issue in the Third War Loan.
In the Third War Loan drive total
sales were made of nearly 53,000,000
pieces of E bonds, which is the equiv-
alent of about one bond to every man
and woman gainfully employed in

POLITICS LACKS ETHICS
Russia Is Aggressiv e, Exploits
Small Nations, Says Rubinstein

By MONROE FINK
"The present Polish-Russian con-
troversy indicates that the world has
still not developed a code of ethics
which protects the rights of small as
well as large nations," Artur Rubin-
stein, famous pianist and Polish pa-
triot, said in an interview yesterday
before his concert.

they hope to gain concessions and
not an official policy."
"I bear no ill will for the Russlan
people," the famous pianist added.
"In my opinion they are the most
big=hearted, musically=minded ind-
viduals in the world. Their compos-
ers today are doing excellent work.
I have just recently received letters

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