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January 18, 1944 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-01-18

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111 *

an u R y} ,lR," /.A 1 R 11.LZ 1 l.4
1 _____ ~--

Fifty-Fourth Year

I'd Rather Be Rig1ht
By SAMUEL GRAF1'ON

a ... . w...... . .._._ ..._ ..._.

GZRIN AND BEAR IT

WERRY - GO 0
ROUND (

BY 1,101t y,

~-~--- -~--

Mldited and managed by students of the University of
MAihigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student JPublications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular 'University year, and every morning except Mon-
day an~d Tuesday during .the 81.wlner session.
Member of The 'Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for repulleition of a1l news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. AlU rights o f repub-
1ication of all oather matters herein also reserved.
Entered, at th~e Post Office~ at Ann ,Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25,' by email $5.25.
Mem#ber, Associated Collegiate ~Press, 194344
Editorial $to f f.

W~rion Ford.
Jane Farant.
Claire Sherman
M~arjorie Borradaile
Erc Zalenski.
-lud Low .
Etarvey Frank.
Mary Anne Olson
Marjorie Rosmnarin
Hilda .8lautterback
Doris Kuentz
Molly Ann 'Winokt
Elizabeth Carpenter
Mata =Opsion

* . . .Managing Editor
. itorial Director
City Editor
u Associate Editor
* . . .Sports Editor
* . . Associate Sports Editor
* . . Associate Sports Editor
* . . .Women'si Editor
i . . ;Ass't :Women's Editor
Columnist
* . . . . . Columnist
Business staff

jr
r
' lE

tephon

* . Business Manager
* As't Bis. Manager
* . Ass't Bus. Manager
Ze 234-1m

NIGHT E~DITOR : DORIS PETERSON
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members 'of The Daily staff
and re present the views of the -writers only.
COMPLACEN CY:
F~dseWair Optimism
Will.!Prolong.Struggle
lT. LEO F. MvcLEAN, while speaking at the
nond Rally in Rackhamn Auditorium, Friday,
w~arned against too much. optimism and said,
"one thing that should not creep into the Minds
of those at home is the idea that-the war is won.",
iRe hit a ,point which should be emphars~ed at
this timne.
Eve~n ltfore rveside.t Roosevg#!sa uounce-
ment that partial demobilzation would be ex-
pected as soon as Germany is defeated, which
is Predicted by Gen. Eisenylower for some time
In tbe next year, the pmrevailing tlwpught of the
average American has been rapidly approach-
Imng .a complacent ;belief that relaxation of ef-
fort is in ordjer because the war is practi aly
won.
This attitude, should it become widespread,
would constitute a direct threat to the successful
prosecuttion of ,the war. Confidence and. hope: re
good for a fighting people but too much un-
founded optimism can be a .decided detriment.
The course of the war definitely seems to be
godn our way at the .Present moment. but
there is a long, costly, drawn-out struggle
ahead of us in Europe .and in the Pacific which
is going to tax to the utmost limit the powers
and resources of our nation and all Its -people.
So this is no time to let up, to sit back and
thinky that the war is as well as won, This is a
time for hard work and hard fighting and ,it is
th~e responsibility of every American to do this
to the best of his ability.
--Evelyn Phillips

NEW "YORK, Jan. 18.-We are going through
a kind of political comedy of manners in the big
national service act debate
First, we have Messrs.l ni ay and (hreen
labor's leaders, opposing national service Well
they almost have to, They are not exactly free
men. There is great support for the wear and
for Mr. Roosevelt in the ranks of labor, but
there is also great bitterness against wage
ceilings.
Labor's leaders are therefore compelled to
dance a kind of stately minuet, in which they a]-°
ternately approach Mr. Roosevelt with a tender
smile, and then back away from himi in horror.
FORWARD AND BACKWARD
To support Mr. Roosevelt on the prosecution
of the war is good stuff in labor poltics; to seem
to yield to him on necessary controls is bad
stuff. Our labor movement is sufficiently demo-
cratic (in spite of Mr. Pegler) so that its leaders
are not free to do whatever they please; they
vibrate as a result of these pressures from below.
Hence they are forced in to seeming con tradic-
tions, of which a characteristic pair is labor's
issuance of its no-strike pledge, and yet also its
firm refusal to countenance national service.
Contrariwise, we have certain Congressmen
and certain isolationist publishers, who are
enthusiastic supporters of labor control eas-
ures, though they don't seem to care. so much
for certain other aspects of the war. These
dance the same dance as do the labor leaders
in reverse. When Mr. Roosevelt claps a Little
Steel Formula on wages, they definitely warm
up to the President; the suspicion of a grateful
smile may sometimes eveny e see on their lips
They come a little closer, tentatively.
Then, of course, he wants lower food prices,
or higher taxes, or he goes to Teheran, or plans
a big offensive, and they run away again, shriek-
ing in horror.
ANDl LIFE STOPS
Our labor leaders suspect that a national serv-
ice act will merely make it easier for reaction-
aries to kill all labor freedom. Our worst reac-
tionaries (and sometimes one has the feeling that
the name is almost interchangeable with isola-
tionist) are afraid that a national service act
will make it easier to control Jobs, incomes, non-
essential businesses, etc., and in other ways to
subject American life to the necessities of war.
At this point the dance stos; broth sides,
labor and its opponents, come to a cataleptic
pause; they stand, frozen in their own wrest-
ling match, as one In their opposton to na-
tional service. It 3.s as if they had been strek-
en by a paralysis of fear; 'they are uniable to
move; they are chilled by the eye of the cock,-
trice.
President Roosevelt has mentioned national
service, and life has stopped in both camps. Youi
pain hear a pin drop.
BUT NOT IN WRITING~
Both sides are for national unity, but they
don't want it put in writing. And in their oppo-
sition to the kind of national unity which can
only be expressed through national service, they
[ave found~ another kind of unity; see, they .are
together, in blocking the President's plan for
IMPOSS IBLE.
Punishing of WT"ar Guilty
Is Primitive Revenge
LORD VANSITTART, former British uder-
secretary of state for foreign affairs recently
presented his views on war guilt: "I say that the
killers must be killed ..."
Bath moral and practical issues are involved.
in the punishment -of "war criminals." Lord
Vansittart finds moral justification in saying
that we must feel "not only with but as the
victims."
This is just another way of saying "an ee
for an eye and a tooth for a tooth." It is
revenge and nothing more. We can feel for
the victims; the record of atrocities and i-
juctices is great. But murder and pillage and
cruelty can never le stopped by more mnurder
and pillage and cruelty.
The Allied nations, if the plans for punish-
ment of "war criminals" are carried through

will be degrading their moral standards to the
same level as those. of Nazism. T here would not
be justice, but vengeance.
L ORD VANSITART warns that "the joint Al-
lied list will run into scores of thousands."
He does not say what kind of organization could
be set up for the fair judgment and punishutent
of " scores of thousands."
liven if the machinery could be devised, there
are other problems equally difficult. .Are the
German people guilty as well as their leaders'?
Is a soldier acting under Orders committing a
crime? Should the punishment be death? What
standards of judgment shall be used?
These are questions for which no logitcal
answer can be :found.
The difficulty of setting up adequate mach-
inery' and the fact that any punishment of "war
criminals" is fundamentally the most primitive
kind of reven~ge both mia ke any such project
entirely impossible.
-Jennie Fetch

national togetherness, But it is, perhaps, the
motionless kind of unity thain can he observed
antiny graveyard.
Their fears of eaoli oit Ir h tve miade thein
one. But it has perhaps never been :moredemon-
strated that a nation which is divided will march,
if it marches at all, vvith slow and ,usteady step.
Look at them, blocking each other, and Blocking
the Street.
(Copyright, 194, New York. ost Syndicate)
IT ISN'T hard for uas to write this cohxunn. But
perhaps it will be herd for some of you to
read it, knowing how it relates to your everyday
actions.
We're qiuotinig trroughoit iron an artile in
the "Infantry ,ourn a," Agust, 194: -"Psychol-
ogy for the Fghtin'; Man: Differences among
Races and People" ft is one of the nest dis-
cussions of the question we have ever .seen. In
logical fashion it begins: "There are only three
possible kinds of differences between peoples of
different nations.
"1. There are irative physical differences,
which, being conspicuous, attract attention
first ..*. None of these differences is, however,
without exception. The races in the course of
history have gotten themselves all mixed tip
Many Nrwegians are riot blond. A Ja is more
likely than a Chinese to have wavy [lair, a
beard and short legs, but a sentry had bette-
not try to decide between them ,ust by their
looks.
"2. Well, there might be native psycological
differences between races, Many people think
that some races are less intelligent than~ others:
they mention that in the first World War the
southern Europeans did much worse th.an north-
ern Europeans and Amnerians on the JS. Army
intelligence tests, but that was because they were
poor immigrants who hadn't had much school-
ing. There were and are plenty of bright Span-
iards, Greeks arnd Italians.
"Livery tin;,e a , sycholog st bas set out to
study inherited racial differences il intelli-
gence he had] not ;found that any existed, and
there have been many long Ad thorough
studies of this kind nmade. The racial differ-
ences turn out to deend on the educational
advantages of the group'tested . ' Differ-
ences betweeni individuals in any nation are so
very great that any differences that might
exist between nations become so small by comn
psarison that you. cannot find them.
113. What, really matters in this war ae the
learned traits, habits o thought, n)ational cu-
toms. . .. A Moslem takes off his shoes and keeps
on his hat when he enters a church. You take
off your hat, but keep on your shoes. Both of
you are expressing reverence; his act is more
cleanly, yours is only a symbol of deference.
"THE REASON for race prejudice can be traced
back to a need for security. One feels most
secure among people one knows . .. Color of
skin is often the basis for prejudice b)ecuse it
so clearly ista badge of difference etween
peoples.
"hometinlc&sthe Prejuice fgaiisithe thgoc~i
flrsup in the Armiiy. It is riot a problem, hlo-
ever, in a camp where it is well understood that
at soldier in United States uniform is a soldier,
not a white or Negro, Christian or Jlew, rich nran
or poor, but a soldier and as such is worthy of
respect ,. . Not everyone feels race prejuidice.
There are plenty of white men who are on-
stauntly meeting and working with black, brown,
and _yellow men of education, culture, brains and
ability. These white mnet know that skin color
is not aL sign of inferiority or superiority, and
they tend to forget about it, or to consider it
unimportant . .. fit this country we are rare
used to seeing larme numbers of men with dark
skins who are uneducated. ..low the American
soldier is going among people who do riot share
his ?irejudices, among white inen who may not
unestand his antagonismn toward oth r Aiieri -
cans or our Aillies beause of tei' color.
'The soldier who is going to rep esent Aeri-
ca fairly and wisely among the people of North
Africa or China or the South Pacific should

think these matters over, anid remnember th at
skin color in itself means noathing about the in-=
telligence, wisdom, lhonesty, bravery, or kindli-
ness of :man. if he studies care fu~lly the people
of other races whome mteets, he 'canl satisfy
himself that this is true,"
S- ~hs in Sudete da4
After the Mucih Pact the Czechs were ex-
pelled from the frontier districts wrested, by Hit-
ler from Czechoslovakia. Yet today, as admitted
by the Reichenberger Press Service, more Czechs
are employed in this so-called Sudetanland than
ever lived there before 1938$tinder the Czechoslo-
vakian regime. They were sent there to do forced
labor in. order to replace tihe skilled Germans
workers, who were tran sferred to the Reich dur-
ing the fir°st years of the war and not allowed to
return -Czed osiovak News lasti

day, QCD had a lot of docunits iof
deliver to Ithe Wap evmtilnent '
Pe-ntag-on Butilding, acrosrs the r, iver
fromWihnlo.PcxiiilOI
had fouind 1I.I t I dliver)Y byI).\r
131il'te channlllll '!'. I,(hl ; i:1" ev'1 '!t
dcliveyI'rolad u-
An 1 Oofli(iitoioR a privatoe
dfew tup beforc the "Siouth Ii Adt-
Iug" lit-i cr 4-01 (Iw th iallt I'ild- {
jng . A (i'eof %worklle'n u were lpi
teringiu ~iide (t(, I'lentawc. Imi
jigthe e(( arful ciftf niag.'a~r umho
union rules forbad:111(1 tit ii
paIckaes Lnt<4 t ihiibildling : heyt
could Conly ]l it tni mit.
°Tlie resEidce rof1tile Chinme sAM -
baissadCorto Wa)shiingto. liDr'. Wei
'Tao-nming, a-tc!nd Madamrnw Wetis
knroxvn as ' win oak," .Thet. nameTt
is symliIc. This (co1upl(e:1re, almost ,
,O) sto inOthe Councls u01(heChi-I
X l-tiexi only fii((een, ii;-it-1:i e 'i
lecama-ii (le'ader it( the "revrhjo"i
aainsit the('Empewror. She iveut to
Jlapani, jinled tile Chillese re vohi -
tionary ,party, and 'aw ritsetbak
to Pekting as a listenig ost. 11ex-
father's home becaa i(trevolua-
tionary headqariter-s.
She even volun!teered to carryv
bombs from TieWlnt.in toPking,. Bacwk
and forth 11he' went, bJ~rging enough'l
bombs to H ice capital 1.0 sI all, Ow m
revolution .
In 1922, when Dlr. Sun Vat-serr
,organized the revolt againtst the
Pelting government.ho th thtrew
themselves int~o the c ause. Andt
when the new National Gov(ern-
mnent was established in -Nanking
in 1926, Adame Wec [Vi wws offv"eel
the post of Mintister (if Justicr.
lint 1she demrrredi, and urged that
hrer husbanid tI ;paitet t ictead.
T This)waus to. mte irs ':t 01three
occaslotas when the10 Orwintl lady
stIepped naside In favor ofI her Bl-
the pos)0.tof CY Chese inistrter t
.France.Agaliin she demurred and10
urgedthiat her husband brit !e appl)t('dr
instead.
While they Were en route to
Franiecrossing (he.United States,
the Vichy Government came into
such disfavor that they wvent no

_ '

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r .mob' 1 "' ,,flu \
L
_ ;-
i ., , . . E _ _ - Y

-I know it's a Ions;Oinme past Christmas-but righlt afteriv-tr(
you lbad so little to exchange it fort"

fIurtCier. Ch ina dcided it wanted
11o re'Fit c'Qntati )i4atVichy.
T h 1 i v ; , G ~- , 1 1 n - l i 1ti 1 , o n . [ lM a d a m e W e \ i w a s a is k e d i f
she woud taike th1e pt i. For' the
tIu bird lic, ;5l1 demulirred, and the
appontmnt entto D31". Wei.
Na'te: Mailaine WeiLmad Madame
Chiang ar"te the only two womten on
the El xective Council of the Na-
tional IPeople's Party.y (
Senator /and ifr eer "l. .
Whlile° loolkig for a table in the
setetc' eeradistinguished Dm-
cr-atIc Sen'ator Guy Gillette of Iowa
was1 haled by Senator Wallace 14.
Wh1ite( of Maine, acting; GOP floor
leadetr, pllus several Republican com-'
pinions and invited to slit with them.
"What are you. fellows cooking up
agaiins-L tus Democrats?" grinned Gil-
tWre ying to figlure out t:he
,St r :test candidate to lead our party
in the next election," replied White.
"Anyid ~eas?'"
-,Noth1ing doinjg," said Gikllet'te.
"h)at's setcthiligyou lboys Will
have to wvork out yourselves. I'm
inl the othe- cA'1ijj'
,iust atithiat n-iinet, ~001'Senator
Ar i inr Vandenberg of Michigan
came t'over 1,thtal ble.
"How about you, Ar'thur ?" lask ed
"WFell, as f see it, au, military ma~n
wvill bev the next President," replied
Vlandenberg seriously. 1I'm for
MacArthur. We nreed a strong man

jik~e him to keel) things from lgohg~lt
,haywlre in the difficl ipost-w6'1r
,years."
Gillette, Wlihte and I-he others,
looked slightly _bored, !hut .11ored. no
comment to Genrat, /l MaArii s
chief congressionl b ost e11'1. Sens:ing
the indifferent reaction, Ht-e Michli-
g;'ap senator didn't l or.u1his( sai ;tillesi
talk.
ManuIfacoturers of concretle bathI-
tubs have conic to* town, determlined
to wash 11their 1S ,ub'reltatd, )clean,
as a reslt of fnig yWI 'TI and1(
thl-e Public leailth Ser-vi ce
T fhe 2manufc~turers ar'ei up1('115inl -armst
'over a preliminary fin~ding; of Pulthic
health that "the rssac'of con-
crete tubstobacterialI growth is in-
adequate." Makes of tHie tubsr, -or-
,anized under the Ca.t Stone Insti-
tutte, declare thiat somembody brouti~
:a third-rate conicrete ciasting t-o Pub-
lie °Health, wiceh reported to WMB
that it was difficuilt to.3cleani off the
lgernis.
But the lates t -ode' ;ll of oncrete
tubs are madeoif dense ioncrete,
with surfaclTitoe a sl of maride.
' T hi e B t re a -i o f .Stl a n d a r ds is ~ g e t-no t S e f e s t o - w i I N (
eraj J th igAdmlrlkiriiw1111s
reaidy o accept._ ,-
As soon as Othe smi~ir hs been
washed -off concrete's repttlon,
such tubs' mayrelieve the terrific
demand for cast iron 'tubs.
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Syiid.

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

s c -

The
(4oin ted
('en

VO.LIV No. 56m
Al t iVes fote' ai :lyO f le~d OTil=
lcit iae 'to t ie scf~il - i othe- Oflie' otim e
l're dent In tvypewilttfen fr y O
pa~r. of the d ty preceding its pt-b ilca-
tioll xi xt tin Saturday when t fefrnw-
tt-gshiiltd lie submitted by I i)su
Notices
it y-ouiwish to fPual-e the puirchiase
ofa lirirne, r lif you1 I-a:yv puvcoasc
improved property Oim alaud c f.Olk
tract 1.nd owe a a:lance 'of a4pprox-
mately 60 per cent oftheI va>lue, of the
property, the Investment Ofice, 10
South Wing oJ University fla;1l,
wold .be Eglad to iscs fnncn
thirough the nim m oa mji ) : s). .t mrt,-
geSuchi fl h~uli may lv f1t'tt ii
Coaisrv~tion of Public- Utilitiesi:
it is 1urg11d. Ii ha Iever.'y liwtbr of Ihe
const t1 1 a;t mmsli o3rfherself a cotn--=
niitee f Oe toconrubatein -vtcyLg
X1h l lJbe litO was;tr=te of electriit, Wa-.t.
ter, gas, il-, c~aor of clmlluiuoi4a
ions 01! f ralllprmal'ItiLn:(11servic. Tthis
rhorities(.1."i(
Schoo'"~ti(y lt Educat~vio Facu~lty: The=
regular mt1 'ing ;of the facuty will be
held on TuesdayI, .Jan. 17i, in)tHie
Univer-si ty il':loi am'ytvvSc] o1 Li -
brary. Themtning ~ll.;will tone i a
Sentiozs: College of LS&.and
Schools of . JJuietiott, Nusic ;and
Public >heallit: 'fP))ItfatLive Iisis (If

senitors for March gr aduation have
beefn posted on the bulletin board in
i~n. 4, Un7iiversity Hall. If your naime
is; rliss.pelled or the degree expected
incorrct, please notify the Counter
ClerT - R. L. Williams
of Owhe Chora:l Union whos!,e records
of atenanceareclear, wlill please
cal,.L for 1ltir --col'tesy pas5 tickets to
Lb - ArtmtmlThibi. -teiri concert on te
datyo uil-heperform1a nce troday be-
Lween the hou irs oft 10 aind 12 and. I
and 4. at thew otffices of the University
Musical Society in Burto5n Memorial
.l'Eeha 1 iitil, EletricG ral, Cheialb
Ilos-airess Admriistratiut Seniors: Mr.
C;. l, hillipst, fper sonnel director of
Revereitoper and Brss, Inc., R rme,
IN.Y.-, will. inter°view senirs of :above
goit i h for posl iis inl that orb, iniza-
214 We;t Engineering Bld. Inter-
view schedule is posted on the BuBlle-
tin k()am'd :i. Rm. 221 West Eni ,neer-
l' B1ldv , where applic atin formrs
:fnrd bl~lei 1Is afIre availa ble.1
Mr. Skpt-ii nNelson, of theEast
mdiil~oak ompnywill be on t1he
campul~is ion1Wednes day, Jan-.-19, to
itel- view people who aire engineers,
chemnists, physicists, and business ad-
winlstriAtos (with secretarial and,
arcco unting triinintg especially.) H
is altso look ing for women wt
minr i phsic-12or 14 hirs. Fov
iappo ituentCi;cll Et. :371 or stp
inar 2;1 Sl on I-hlalll.
1 reau oOf Appintraents and+<
((eupioil 1ifrationr

'gyp
JaLr>

Lecture: Tfhe S. tudenLt iJr-,viclI of
A.T.A. is sponrsor'ing a olecture (011w-.i
;by reresentatives of ib _,by, tOwentS,
For'd Glass Co. on FiaJn.,a
3:30 p.M. inthe a1 UlditorNIum Oj -the
School of Archlitecta,re i dDeln
"Gl-ass in Con.s ricion in L1)4x,- will
be -dismussect by M. 1f ieri:toll, usn
ng"by WMr. . FWen~l-"i-. k w
public isinv it ed,
Bacteriology Seminar will kil-wt
today at 5:_00 p.m. in ism. T1564 East
Medical Building. Subjiect: ".flacter-
tal Polysacchlardwes of t}ide Colon -
T.'yphid-jpvs(-,n -1,y CGroupt." DAllin
terested, are i nvited.
Choral Un1 inCncr:Art01rRu-
binstein, Polish pianis,will give -thei
seventh cnetinlte hi .fora UJnion.
Series this oevenig t g :ir;30 Inill 11
Auditor'- iumA limriied numbehr (d-
icesa',;vttl srdily hoffices of th-e (Unlivrs"vIty Musial So-
ciety in Bur'ton Mmriil Towrandi
at; the Hill Auitriuwlm boa ofice
after 7 o'clock on t irniigtft iil(
performran ce,
Mr. E~kubinistein %vill play a pro-
gram of nuimbers bjy eetlipven,
Brahms,.Schumnann, Chopin, Sliostm-
'kovich anid dek'alla,_
Charles A. Sink, *'r-yt4~nt
It Cercolo Italiano xwill meet on
Wednesday, Janl. 14t, at 8:00 - m.in
the Leagrue . Dr. Piero Foa will spek
on "Unriverisity Life in llily." _Every-
onie interested in speaingi or hea'rin!-
Ktalian is welcomne.
The Association AMuisic lHour Will

THE FEDERAL-SOLDIER vote mill that was
bandied about in the Senate and finally
thrown out received another bbloWr last week as
the Hlouse Elections Committee rejected it i
favor of state measures. This week it will come
up for a final stand before the D~ouse.
It is still not too late to save the federal soldier
vote.
The Daily asks that every University stadent
write or wire his congressman inminixtely and
de*na-id passage of a federal bill that will
guarantee the right of every servicematn to
vote.
The strength of a democracy lies in the power
of the common citizen to make his views re-
spected in Congress. ,A democracy can be sus-
taned only through active participation by each
nfm P.enrnt vo-teo n the measures in Con-

BARN ABY

By Crockett Joisilt

FrmuluLec1t ure: Prof esorCharole~s
E -Koella, of U thRomnance Language
Departmen,, t,will give the second of

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