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January 18, 1944 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-01-18

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Weather
Warmer

VOL. LIV No. 56 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JAN. 18, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Yank, French

Troops Close In on Cassino

U.S. Attempts
To End Red-
Polis Dispute
State Departnent Gets
Slapped as Arbiter in
New Misunderstanding,
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 17. - The
United States government stepped
gingerly but hopefully into the dis-
pute between Russia and Poland to-
day to find itself buffeted by a new
wave of misunderstanding between
Moscow and London.
The latest upheaval in Russia's
stormy relations with her European
allies was brought on by the publi-
cation in Moscow of "Cairo Rumors"
that two British officials had con-
ferred with German Foreign Minister
Joachim Von Ribbentrop on condi-
tions of a separate peace.
American officials, frankly puzzled
by the way in which the rumors
were played up in Moscow, kept silent
on this score.
Secretary of State flull told a press
conference that the good offices of
the United States had been made
available in the interest of restoring
diplomatic relations, between Russia
and Poland.
This action was taken at the re-
quest of the Polish government, whose
ambassador, Jan Ciechanowski, ar-
ranged to see Undersecretary of State
Stettinius this afternoon.
The American response to the Pol-
ish request apparently did not go so
far as the Poles had desired. Iull
said that Ambassador W. Averell Har-
riman in Moscow had been told in a
dispatch sent Saturday evening to
inform the Soviet 'government of the
willingness of .this government to
offer its facilities for opening discus-
sions between the Russians and the
Poles with a view to resuming of-
ficial relations between them. Hull
also ekpressed the hope that some
satisfactory means could be found
for the resumption of friendly rela-
tioils::between :hCe Moscow govern-
ment ,and tle Polish government-in-
exile.
Dearborn Bus

San Juan Destroyed by Earthquake

But He Can't Vote.. .

Allied Forces

Corp. W4lter Bodt's squad was spying out jap positions in the Pacific. We needed
information badly. The squad got it, but was cut off from our lines. Using handker-
chiefs tied to ayonets, Marine Corp. Bodt wigwagged the information back. He lost an
eye, sustained other wounds from furious nemy fire, but his message was urgent. He
stuck and got It through, winning the Navy Cross.

Clip This Out, Send It to Your

Loitgrce isatn

Inmediately:

A federal bill guaranteeing our fighting soldiers their right to vote has already been
turned down by the Senate and by the House ilection Committee. The issue is now in
the hands of the House Rules Committee.
As a citizen of the United States, I, the nidersigned, demand itnediate Passage of a
federal soldier-vole bill that will give the 11,000,000 men and women i i service a voice
in the governmient of the country for which they are sacrificing so viuch,
University of Michigan

Reach Rapido
River in Drive
Gen. Wilson States
Rome Is Immediate
Objective in Italy
By EDWARD KENNEDY
Associated Press Correspondent
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, AL-
GIERS, Jan. 17.- American. and
French troops, smashing at the Naz-
is' Gustav lines along a 30-mile
front, reached the Rapido River and
other points favorable for launching
an attack on the key city of Cassino
today as their new . Commander-ln-
Chief, Gen. Sir Henry Maitland Wil-
son, declared that the Germans
would be hit wherever and whenever
the opportunity offers on the Medi-
terranean front.
Rome, itself, is the immediate ob-
Jective of present Allied operations
in Italy, Wilson said at his first press
conference here, adding that he was
"optimistic" that the eternal city
would fall to the Allies before long.
Promising easier terrain for Allied
troops once they break the enemy's
present defenses before Cassino, the
man who has been nicknamed "Jum-
bo" because of his' size said that,
given luck, the Allies might win the
war this year-"but whether we'll
finish it this year is another thing,"
he added.
Another g'eat river battle ap-
peared to be shaping up as American
forces consolidated their positions.on
newly-captured Mt. Trocchioi, tust
east of Cassino,
Kelly's Youth,

rt

These Aro Congressmen on Rules Cominittee

Estimates of the number of deaths caused by four earthquakes
which devastated the Andean city of San Juan, Jan. 16, have reached
5,000 as rescuers continue to dig among the ruins, Ninety per cent of
the buildings in the city were entirely destroyed and those left standing
are uninhabitable. The material loss has been calculated at 75 million
dollars.,

Rep. Adolph J. Sabath (D., Ill.)
Chairman
Rep. Earl C. Michener (R., Mich.)
Representative from this district
Rep. Eugene E. Cox (D., Ga.)
Rep. Howard W. Smith (D., Va.)
Rep. Martin Dies (D., Tex.)
Rep. J. Bayard Clark (D., N.C.)

Rep. John J. Delaney (D., N.Y.)
Rep. William M. Colmer (D., Miss.)
Rep. Joe B, Bates (D., Ky.)
Rep. 1Ham Fish (R,, N.Y.)
Rep. Leo E. Allen (R., 111.)
Rep, Charles A. Halleck (R., Ind.)
Rep. Clarence J. Brown (R., 0.)

Grash IKills

3;.

57 Are Injured
DETROIT, Jan. 17.-(P)--The toll
of a suburban bus crash rose to three
dead and 57 injured tonight with the
death in Eloise Hospital of Wilmer
Ford, 16-year-old Fordson High
School. student.
The other dead and many of the
injured also were school children,
homeward bound .on a crowded Dear-
born city bus. which sideswiped an
automobile and crashed head-on into
a tree near Ford Road and Outer
Drive in suburban Dearborn.
Five of the injured were in critical
condition at Eloise Hospital, near
Dearborn
Robert Drake, of nearby Garden
City, was dead when he was removed
from the wrecked bus. Betty Krause,
17, died at Eloise Hospital soon after-
ward. Both were en route to their
homes from classes in Fordson High
School.
Sheriff's officers held the bus driv-
er, Alvin Roy Sweet, 31, of Detroit,
for questioning.

Pravda Reports
British-German
Peace Rumors
London Officials Deny
Unofficial Red Claim
Of Secret Negotiationsg
By HENRY C. CASSIY ta
Associated Press Cortespondent
MOSCOW, Jan. 17.-The Com-
munist Party organ, Pravda, today
published a report which, although
plainly labeled as a rumor from Cairo,
amounted to an unofficial accusa-
tion that Britain was sounding out
Germany on. the possibility of a sep-
arate peace.
The 10-line dispatch, published at
the top of Pravda's foreign news page
under a Cairo dateline and credited
to "a special correspondentof Prav-
da", said two British officials had
met secretly with Joachim vonRib-
bentrop, German foreign minister,
with the "aim of finding out the
conditions of a separate peace with
the Germans."
It said, "It is understood the meet-
ing did not remain without results"
--a phrase which carried to Russians
the positive connotation that it had
met at least partial success.
Allied quarters were incredulous.
British officials said they could not
understand either the report or the
publication of it, and that they did
not believe it.
* * *
Rumor Denied by British
LONDON, Jan. 18., Tuesday-(IP)
-The British Foreign Office de-
clared flatly last night that "there
is no truth" to Pravda's British-
German peace talk rumor and the
London Daily Mail today bluntly
called the report "an insult to the
British people."

San Juan Quake
Kills over 900,
City Is in Ruins
Rescue Squads Still
Are Digging, Rain
Adds to Discomfort
BUENOS AIRES,. Jane .-U-
Rescue squads have recovered 900
bodies from quake-stricken San Juan
and are still digging in the ruins of
the city, it was officially announced
tonight. Estimates of the total num-
ber of dead have ranged as high as
5,000.
The 5,000-figure was contained in
a dispatch by the San Juan corre-
spondent of the newspaper Critica.
Fresh reports also boosted the toll
of the injury from about 5,000 to
more than 13,000.
The Government Press Bureau said
it was too early for an accurate cal-
culation of the material loss but esti-
mated it would reach at least $75,-
000,000.
Another quake of short duration
last night toppled some walls still
left standing. Rain added to the dis-
comfort of the survivors. The gov-
ernment announced additional doc-
tors, nurses and medical supplies
were arriving in a steady stream by
plane and train. President Pedro
Ramirez left for the quake zone after
a cabinet meeting which drafted
plans for relief in the stricken zone.
WorldNe
In, Brief
Chrysler Foremen Strike
DETROIT, Jan. 17. - (,) - Chry-
sler Corporation officials said to-
night that a strike of members of

FOURTH WAR LOAN:
Bond Belles,' Minute Men'
Open 'U' Bond Drive Today

The University War Bond Com-
mittee, workIn# through the "bond
belles" and the 3651st Service Unit,
with its "minute min" are poised to
get off to a flying start, today in the
opening of the 'V6irt4 Vr~Loan
drive.
Men of Company G. which started
its campaign before the official open-
Pre-Invasion
Stage Set, Says
Eisenhower
LONDON, Jan. 17.-()-With con-
fident good humor, Gen. Dwight D.'
Eisenhower declared today he had
found the pre-invasion machinery
rumbling briskly when he reached
Britain, and disclosed that Lt.-Gen,
Omar N. Bradley was senior Ameri-
can general heading the great and
swiftly mounting numbers of U.S.
ground troops in the United King-
dom.
Eisenhower, giving his first Lon-
don press conference as supreme Al-
lied commander in the West, went no
further in defining Bradley's role,
but disclosure of Bradley's presence
was widely accepted as tantamount
to announcement that the zero hour
would find him commanding all Am-
erican landing soldiers, just as Gen.
Sir Bernard Montgomery will head
all the British.

ing date, have already contributed
$1,200 for war bonds. Each man in
the company is urged to purchase at
least one $18.75 bond during the
drive, and one sei viceap has al-
e dy. p ;'o sed dzbon l iv, rnaturty
value of $300. Those who are unable
to buy bonds are being asked to in-
vest in as many war stamps as pos-
sible.
The "bond belles" have distributed.
special letters to the members of the
University staff which read in part:
"This letter is to tell you how to
buy War Bonds, not why to buy them.
Certainly by now the real necessity
for everyone's supportin these War
Loan Drives has been made clear to
all."
The letter explains that messengers
to pick up bond orders and money
may be obtained by a telelphone call
to 2-3251, extension 7, during the
working day. Bonds are on sale at
the Michigan League and at the
Cashier's Office, University Hall.
President Ruthven
To Talk about Trip
President Alexander G. Ruthven
will speak today at 4:00 p.m. to the
students of Political Science 93 on
his recent trip to England.
Tomorrow he will Journey to Lan-
sing to address the faculty of Michi-
gan State College on his findings in
England on adult education and post-
war planning.

MYDA Will
Discuss Solier
Vote, Subsidies
New Campus Group
. o Hold Meeting
Tomorrow in Union
Action on the results of the soldier
vote poll taken on campus last
Thursday will be the main topic of
discussion at a public meeting of
Michigan Youth for Democratic Ac-
tion at 7:30 p.m. tomorrow in the
Union.
In this poll 1732 students and ser-
vicemen voted for the Green-Lucas
Bill and 95 opposed it.
This meeting of the anti-fascist
group formerly called Student Vic-
tory Committee will be held tomor-
row Instead of Thursday as was pre-
viously announced.
Also on the agenda of the meeting
are a forum on the. 18 year-old vote
with Mort Rosenthal presenting ar-
guments for the affirmative and Vir-
ginia Long, the negative. Charles
Sabat will discuss subsidies.
There will be general discussion
from the floor on these topics. Every-
one interested is invited to attend.
"W 7
Kr-aus To Give
Taflkhrsda
Post-War Council To
Hear Lecture on War
"War and the Conflict of Ideal-
ogies" is the topic of a lecture by
Prof. Wolfgang Krause of the politi-
cal science department scheduled for
7:30 p.m. Thursday in the Union.
One of a series of weekly public
discussions on vital topics of the day,
this meeting is sponsored by the Post-
War Council. Questions from the
floor will be in order after Prof.
Kraus's speech.

Program Asked
LANSING, Jan. 17.--(AF-A con-
certed, non-partisan campaign to se-
cure legislative adoption of Governor
Kelly's 17-point juvenile delinquecY
program was urged today at a cofi -
ence of the governor's Youth AdV
sory Council.
Dr. Howard Y. McClusky, assistant
to the vice-president of the Univet-
sity of Michigan, and Mrs. James C.
Parker, president of the Michigan
Congress of Parents and Teachers,
warned the conference that the cor-
rective program faces its biggest
hurdle, legislative enactment.
McClusky, demanding a coumis-
sion be created for long-term plan-
ning in youth guidance, declared "the
problems of youth, while accentuated
now by war, will be more acute after
the war."
Ann Arbor Boy Hit
By Speeding Car
Carl Soll, nine-year-old boy living
at No. 4 Parkview Drive, was unavoid-
ably struck down by a car last night
at Main and Huron as he was return-
ing home from a music lesson.
Carl was rushed to St. Joseph HOs-
pital where his injuries were diagnos-
ed as "not serious." He has a few su-
perficial abrasions and a mild cere-
bral concussion, the attending physi-
cian reported.

300 PASTORS ATTEND CONFERENCE:
Wishart Pictures Church as 'Crusading Fighter'

PIANIST TO PERFORM:
Rubinstein Will Play Varied
Program inc Concert Today

A-varied program of music, featur-
ing -Works by Beethoven, Brahms,
Schumann, Chopin, DeFalla and
ShctdkoVich will be performed by
tArtr Rubinstein, world famous pia-
nist, 'at 8:30 p,m. today in Hill Audi-
torium.I
The concert will open with a ren-
dition of the Appassionata Sonata of
Beethoven. The Sonata in E minor
and Capriccio in C major by Brahms
in addition to the Symphonic Studies
of Robert Schumann will make up
the remainder of the first half of the
program.
Two short works, the Ritual Fire

the Foremen's Association of Am- By VIRGINIA ItOCK
erica (independent) which began Labeling the Gerald L. K. Smith's,
Friday and spread to other plants the Father Coughlin's, and the Frank
today had sharply affected the pro- Norris's as outright defiers of Chris-
duction of war material.
Robert H. Keys, president of the tianity and democracy, James Wis-
union, estimated that more than hart, research director of the United
900 foremen had quit work in two Automobile Workers, CIO, declared
Chrysler - operated De Soto plants last night that labor locks to the
and two Dge pchurch as a crusading fighter who
stands behind the best in man and
Labor rDaft aeiiowic e hates the forces that would destroy
WASHINGTON, Jan. 17,.-(IP)- the foundations of freedom.
Senator Vandenburg (Rep,, Mich) The application of Christian
declared today that federal legisla- principles is one of the primary
tion outlawing "in unequivocal needs today, he pointed out to the
terms' all interruptions in war pro- 300 religious leaders attending the
duction would be preferrable to the fifth annual Michigan Pastors'
National Labor Draft Act, proposed Conference.
by President Roosevelt. Representing labor on the panel
dealing with "Problems that Chal-
Russians Smash Ahead lenge the Church," Wishart declared
that "we do not consider it a part of

goverrnent requiremen ts or by arti-
ficial labor policies, he maintaimed.
The war is being fought to imain-
tain individual's rights, to do away
with totalitarianism, he said. "We

Free business, free speech, and free
religion are insolubly linked together,
Lovett stated. If an individual is not
free to make his own economic fu-
ture, then how can he keep his free-
don of religion or speech?
Ministers Job
The ministers, he stated in con-
clusion, should acquaint -themselves
with the problems of the community,
be it agricultural, labor, or business.,
Dr. Geerge Haynes, executive
secretary of the Department of
Race Relatiois, i presenting rac-
ial problems, pointed out that
there are two basic ideas control-
ling our attitude toward minority
groups - inferiority and segrega-
tion. Not only do we include the
Negroes in these attitudes, but al-
so the American-Japanese, the
Mexicans, and the Indians, lie said.
Denounces Discrimination

Negroes have no confidence. It is
the church's job to build up a new
concept of personality," he conclud-
ed.
Speaking for the farmer, Ernest
Anthony, dean of agriculture at
Michigan State College, declared
that the role of the church in the
future should be to attempt to un-
derstand the farmer and 1Is prob-
lems better.
Featured at the conference will be
a p x lnfl on "Effective Means for
World Order and Peace" to be held
at 7:10 p.m. today in the Racl ham
Building. Dr. Edward Witte, direct-
or of the War Labor Board in De-
troit, and head of the economics de-
partment of the University of Wis-
consin, will speak on "The Excono-
mic Security Needed."
Served on Committees
Former executive director of the
Committee formulating the Social

::,: .:.v uti -- .....

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