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January 15, 1944 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-01-15

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Edited andn mnnagerl by students of the University of
Michigan under the mhority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Puhlished (rery morning except Monday driing tho
regular Univerity yer, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesda y u1ring the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associntld Pre ir elsively entitled to the uso
for republicntiOn of al news d1smftelif credited to It or
'otherwise credtei in in newspaper. All rights of repib-
Ucation of ai herein also reserved.
Entered at tP.o fie at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail mat te.,
Subscriptions (luring the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail
Member, Assocated Collegate Press, 1943-44
Editorial Staff

Marlon Ford
Jane Farrant
Claire Sherman
Marjorie Borradile
Eric Zalenski
Bud Low .
Harvey Frank
Mary Anne Olson
Marjorie Rosmarin
Hiulda Slautterback
Doris Kuentz
Molly Ann Winokur
Elizabeth Carpenter
Martha Opsion

- .Managing Editor
. Editorial Director
City Editor
- Associate Editor
- . Sports Editor
Associate Sports Editor
Associate Sports Editor
*Women's IEditor
Ass't Women's Editor
Columnist
Columnist
Bus5'flC.s S (aif
. . Business Manager
Ass't Bus. Manager
Ass't Bus. Manager

Telephone 23-24-1
NIGHT EDITOR: MONROE FINK
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
STILL CITIZENS:
Large Ma jority in Favor
Of Federal Soldier Vote
'M STILL a citizen." This is the comment of
a serviceman, participating in the poll on
campus opinion of the federal soldier vote bill
taken Thursday by the Michigan Youth for
Democratic Action and The Daily.
The results of the poll-1,3 for and 9
against-show that an overwhelming majority
of a representative portion of the campus are
in favor of the federally-controle balot for
servicemen. Conunents like "That's the kind
of democracy we're fighting for" from a serv-
iceman, and "I feel that they should at least
have a voice in the government they are giving
their lives to defend" from a civilian-reflect
the general attitude prevalent on campus.
Of the 95 people who cast votes against the
federal soldier vote bill a majority expressed the
fear that states' rights might be injured if the
bill were passed. The best possible answer to
all such criticisms is the statement by a service-
man that. "State control of service voting will
amount to no voting." Even the Secretary of
War has said that it will be impossible for the
Army to administer 48 diferent absentee voting
systems.
One unexpected development which the poll
introduced was the 18-year-old vote issue. Com-
ments from many people used the "old enough
to fight---old enough to vote" argument, while
others specifically metioned that they thought
"the age limit for voting should be reduced to 18."
The overwhelming support which the campus
gave to the federal soldier vote bill is a clear
indication that ssi dents and servicemen believe
that it is every eiti n' right and duty to take
. part in the governing of the nation. Voting
by 18-year-os, proposed by so many, indi-
cates that many students feel that the priv-
ilege of the ballot ought to be extended.
With such an obvious mandate on this vital
issue, it is our duty to do all we can to see
that Congress observes the will of the majority
and passes the federal soldier vote bill.
-Kathie Sharfman
H HAGUE MACHINE
LonCo tlase L xemhlfis
Jersey's Ow justice
THE STORY-of John Longo's arrest and con-
viction by the Hague political machine in
Jersey City sounds preposterous, but is neverthe-
less proven true by evidence from many sources,
including the testimony of Governor Edison of
New Jersey.
Longo's only crime was that of opposition to
the Hague political machine. He was accused
of changing the voting registration books,
which, incidentally, were never present at his
trial. Not only was Longo's trial unfair, but it
was called in such a hurry that his attorneys,
Raymond Chasen and Julius Lichenstein, were
unable, to study the case sufficiently in order
to present a defense.
The injustice done to Longo and six other
men by the Hague machine, has been called
to the attention of Attorney General Biddle by

DRSW
MERRYG0-ROUND
WASkiINGTON, Jan 15.-Courteous Soviet
Ambassador Gromiyko dropped in to see Relief
Administrator He'rbert Lehman, ex-Governor of
New York, thue other clay andt said to him
"I want you to meet. your new deputy general,
Mikhail Alekseevich Meshikov. "
Governor Lehman murmured that lie was de-
lighted, chatted pleasantly for several minutes.
Then the two Russians left.
Afterward, Governor Lehman, who is slight-
ly hard of hearing got to wondering about the
"new deputy general." lie wasn't quite sure
that he had heard Ambassador Groiyo cor-
rectly. Particularly, he wasn't sure of wha
organization Menshkov was to be deputy gen
eral. Was it, by any chance, iJNRRA (iUnited
Nations Relief and Rehabilitation ilm iniistra-
tion) for which Lehman is supposed to appoint
the deputies.
So Governor Lehman called in his assistant,
Phil Hammer, and asked him to find out. Leh-
man had already appointed Roy Hendrickson of
the Food Distribution Administration as one of
his deputies, and Sir Arthur Salter, British
economist and shipping expert, a another. He
did not know that he was to have a Russian
deputy also.
Hammer invited Mnshikov to lunch. During
the lunch, he did his best to work round to
the point diplomatically. Finally, he found out.
Menshikov had been appointed by the Russian
Government to serve under Lehman as deputy
general of UNNRRA.
The Russians either had been very naive in
sending Menshikov over without any advance
announcement, or else this was their way of
gently notifying Governor Lehman that his
organization was going to be one of the most
important in the world and that they wanted
Russia represented in a high-up post.
Whichever is correct, there is no question
about the tremendous political power of the
Relief Administration. By withholding food
and clothing from Greeks who oppose the
Greek king, for instance, Lehman could exert
influence as to who would be the ruler of
Greece. By sending food and clothing to Titos
followers in Yugoslavia, or by favoring Mik-
hailovitch's men, UNRRA could change the
whole political picture in Yugoslavia,.
No wonderthe Russians carefully picked their
man to sit at Governor Lehman's right hand and
promptly sent him to Washington.
(Copyrit, 1944, Uni ed Features Syndeate)
BASICALLY the question comes down to this:
do you agree with the aristocratic Alexander
Hamilton and his theory of a Tory government
by "the rich, the wise, and the good," or do you
follow Tom Jefferson, the author of the Declara-
tion of Independence, and believer in a demo-
cracy based on "government by consent of the
governed."
In this war year of 1944, three of the issues
most important to the people today are not
military at all. They concern the question of
who shall vote: the Green-Lucas Service-
men's Vote bill, Marcantonio's HR7 Anti-Poll
Tax bill, and the I8-year-old vote bills being
brought up in state legislatures this year.
The trouble in discussing these issues is that
most of us have forgotten that qualifications for
voting have been constantly changed during the
history of America. A simple contrast is that
between limitations of the electorate in 1940

and those in 1787 when delegates were being
elected to write the Constitution. The rules
varied from state to state, but in almost all there
were property qualifications, from ownership of
sixty pounds in money, to 50 acres of land. In
Connecticut one had to be: 21, a freeman own-
ing a personal estate worth 40 pounds, and being
of "quiet and peaceable behavior." In Georgia
one had to be a "white male, owning property
valued at 10 pounds or being of a mechanical
trade."
Since that time most property qualifications
have been repealed, although in some states it
took a long and hard fight. The suffragette
movement began even before the Civil War,
but didn't succeed until 1920 in giving the
vote to women. The Civil War brought with it
the freeing of slaves, making them citizens,
and abolishing restrictions against their vot-
ing. However, these gains were first nullified
by "grandfather clauses" in southern states,
and when these were declared unconstitu-
tional, poll taxes were set up.
In the eight poll tax states, approximately
6,000,000 poor whites and 4,000,000 Negroes are
prohibited from voting because they can't "af-
ford to pay the tax. (The average per capita in-
come in these states in 1940: $310.) From 3 to
14 percent of the citizens elected 78 Congressmen
to represent the whole group of 24,000,000 in the
Congressional Election of 1940. In "free" states

r}-

Pe d
-Be

Right

e lt

-By SAMELst GRAETON
NRIW YORK, Jan ii -To jump up and down
and shout and roar and demand that we have
Our own way. iS. n a foreign i pocY ti i merely
a tempel i atrum, Ami c ns,.i er h> I ly
wrting a blank k chfilCk , lthe 1'o0i s govrnient-
in-exile, have lioseni to defend is trriioria
claim in this fashion. aitornating their crea is
by beating lustily on the heads of the opposition
with the Atlantic Charter.
Now the London Times comes along. with a
careful report showing that, as of the last
reliable census. in 1931, there were not more
than 2,500,000, Poles in the Polish provinces
east of the Curzon line, out of a population of
11,000,000. Of the 8,500,000 non-Poles, some
were Lithuanians, Germams, rmechi. and Jews
but most were Russians,
At this point;, I suppose, hle opposition may
now come racing onstage, to beat our anti-Rus-
sians on the head with the Atlantic Charter in
its turn, wielding that invaluable document like
a comedy beef-bladder.
SWAYING IN THE BREEZE
I imagine that a notice may now be posted in
certain editorial sanctums, reading: "Hereafter,
don't defend the right of self-determination in
any territory until we find out who lives there.
(Signed) The Boss."
There are even indications that the Polish
government-in-exile, which oes face a hard
situation, may come to a compromise settlement
with the Russians. This would leave a couple
of American editors as the lasi of the intran-
sigeant Polish patriots, swaying slightly in the
breeze as they sit out there on the end of the
linb.
IN THE WRONG PLACE
I think this should be a lesson to all of us
against trying to solve hard problems in foreign
policy by going red in the face and threatening
to choke. History is nobody's mother, and doesn't
care if you do choke. She has seen furious men
before, screaming their anger, and the spectacle
leaves her wholly unperturbed.
The way to avoid these senseless rages, and
to oppose them, is to know where we are going.
Foreign policy is a business of accommodation
among the possibles, based on the principle
that we must cultivate our friends and isolate
our enemies. I don't know what.business those
men were in who were trying, as recently as
last week, to steam up war against Russia, but
they were not in this business.
WAY OFF THE COURSE
Much worse, some of them, with their pleas
that we had better prepare to make war against
an ally, came perilously close to coming out in
Hitler's Chancellery. And this is what happens
when you forget what the real world is like, and
decide that you must have your own way because,
well, because you want it. You find yourself
in the weirdest places. You don't know how it
happened. The last thing you remember, you
were hating Russia and Roosevelt, the way you
always do just before dinner, and look, you woke
up on Unter den Linden.
We may sometime (I whisper this) even have
to make concessions, as well as get them, to
build the kind of world it will be safe to live in.
It is more fun, I guess to bang one's head
against the wall in a passion of self-will, and to
scream denial. But nothing much happens. The
sound dies down. The world steps over you, and
moves on.
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
not having the tax at least 50 per cent cif the
people voted.
IT IS NOT SURPRISING that the people who
say soldiers won't know enough about what's
going on to be able to vote, and that 18-year-
olds are too young to understand the complex
affairs of state, are the SAME MEN who have
been sitting in Congress these many years
elected by one out of ten of their constituents.
The campus showed quite clearly its interest
in securing the vote for servicemen, whether
it meant a decrease in "states' rights" or not.
Actually we are beginning to discover that,
while that theory was propounded to increase
democracy, (Jefferson, for instance, felt that
the state governments, being closer to the peo-
ple would be more pliable to their will), at the

present time it hinders and in some cases
shackles the extension of liberty. Few doc-
trines are absolute, most are changed by
changing conditions, and certainly this is true
of the doctrine of states' rights.
As to the 18-year-old vote,. perhaps after
thinking it over, we will all come to the con-
clusion often expressed on the poll, "If one is
old enough to fight and perhaps die for an
idea and a state of things, then one is old enough
to help set up and maintain that state of
things."
A large electorate-compOsed of all those
now voting plus those who shall soon be
allowed to vote, (if we work hard enough
for it): servicemen, Poor Southern Negroes
and whites, and 18-year-olds-such an elec-
torate is- nothing to fear.
After 157 years it surely is time to go back
to the real beginning of America, and to a
government based on the consent of the gov-
erned.

Letters to the Editr ~umust be t-pa-
tit i, dou-isip^c , on one ,a of
t" pae only nn snmd nit th
n¢ an a ire of te wri r ie
P estqfor annvTnoi. puio
Go jar.
IT .IS TIME enough that rationally
.minded Americans take in sail and
view the recent proposals of our Pres,-
iden, to Congress as an iLlmegral
whole.- Unfortunaely, plbli opiiliOn
has preoccupied itself with the pro-
posed National Service legislation to
the exclusion of the other port iolis
of the plan.- For it is apparently ad-
vrntageous for le eneiaies of the
administration to center their efTort s
arouid the mobilization and strike
issue and to dry w attentuion away%
from the issues which indicate the
spirit and philosophy of the Presi-
dent's message,
The President's plan calls for the
achievement of two primary objec-
tives: the complete and most ef-
ficient use of our natural resources.
and the sharing of the burdens im-
posed by the war on all groups in a
fair and equitable manner. The
passage of a national service bill,
a more realistic excess profits tax,
the renegotiation of war contracts,
and the stabilization of prices and
wages, would not only provide thel
economic requisites for a speedy,
total victory, but make an end of
"business as usoal," wildcat and
illegal strikes, and the unrealistic
complacency of the American peo-
p~e.

-

-S

_ _ _.._.

By Lich ry

c -

4 .tlP.. Y'l'

"So pop's n iaae a . rgeant?-he must
spunk and lnen sn wors ur didn't know
eh, il/li "

have had some
anything about,

trial unrest and by adjusting ;riev-
ances that losses to production can
be minimized and denmorays main-
tamed.
'he probei of stGike'., mnd man-
power inobilizt ion.m herclun i if
timately connecemd wi P he ,)twr
potin of tin Prsde '.s plan, if

The national service law has un- es
fortunately been dubbed a "slave la-' efort p it is ~ls e aceptedasi-
bor" plan, a device to completely pro- hodent Espropactle, denicpt cntr
hibit strikes. As a matter of fact whole. El ect v , ro onlt o a
British experience with strikes and ver labor and proportiolyi. of ac-
lockouts has shown that the control rf eae al Cr vi;.t
of the nation's manpower merely -Egie L Gomb'rg
puts teeth into the operation of com-
pulsory arbitration machinery If,, Bus i'B6)r-

Strikes have continued to take place
on a considerable scale in Britain.
However, in certain instances, where
strikers have violated the arbitration
process, by either failing to submit
the dispute to the Minister of Labor,
observe the waiting period of three
weeks, or comply with binding de-
cision of the Board,. imprisonment
has occurred. Fortunately, this
weapon has not had to be used
o1ten, but where necessary the stern-
ness of government action has eil'ec-
Lively wiped ot both current and the
prospect of future wild cat strikes.
But we have another lesson to
learn) from our Blritish allies. 'Clhe
basic solution of strikes is not ab-
solute prohibition and suppression.
The conditions under which a strike
may take place must be rigidly en-
forced, but it is only by getting at
the fundamental causes of indus-

BEING :tust males, the sane as Mr.
Hal Miller, we too wish to stick
our noses into the tolic Of the day--
dorm food. At the outset of this
drawn-out discussion. we were great-
ly amused, but this amusement ha
slowly bt surely I urned to disgu.l
Our iraton is not of the
:61 di ~ tita te~ eeoid Inu a' iet
know-we work at Stokwell. rir.
Miller mentions severn I girls who
lhave sought outside n ork so that
they would not have to eat in the
dorms. However, we have taken
.iehs at SIO('iCh .iust so that we
may eat there. Mybe thee girls
do like to expose their (igestive
systems to tOe food they can find,
in town, but we have lound from
personal experience that Stockwell
food is as good as, if not hetter than,

any other food procurable in Ann
Arbor. And it's much less expen-
sive, too. 1he girls here get all
three daily meals for $1.12; there's
no other place in town where one
zan eat three decent meals for such
a low price.
Natirlly we're not too well in-
formed about vitamins and minerals,
but we do know that we do not have
cabbage seen days a week (thank
goodness!). Since Dec. 1, cabbage
Imhas been on the menu only nine
times, and six of these times it was
as part of a salad. Instead of berat-
aug the cooks for improperly prepared
m-eals, we,,tha<nk them that they can
do such a ood job under the present
conditions. Also, the kitchen equip-
ment lls('d now was made to accom-
odate less than 400, yet at the present
time tiere are almost 900 persons
using its facilities.
We have found that, while we
don't get steak every night, the food
at Stockwell has been very satis-
fac tory.Ii fact, practIcally all of
Is go back to the serving rooms
every evening (o ask for second
helpings.
Though we all get paid for working
there, we certainly have,no aspira-
tions of it jn" 'i-t. on 43c an hour
mon ver - '; I ase note),
les the cost of our meals. We work
there simply because we like the
lHod-ani id lact that there are
900 coeds eating there, too, has ab-
solutely nothing to do with it.
-Stockwell Bus Boys

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

SATURDAY, JAN. 15, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 54
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-{
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Notices
School of Education Faculty: The'
regular meeting of the faculty will be
held on Tuesday, Jan. 18, in the
University Elementary School Li-
brary. The meeting will convene at
4:15 p.m.
Mechanical, Electrical, Chemical
and Metallurgical Engineering and
Business Administration Seniors: Mr.
C. S. Phillips, personnel director ofI
Revere Copper and Brass, Inc., Rome,
N.Y., will interview seniors of above
group for positions in that organiza-
tion, on Wednesday, Jan. 19, in Rm.
214 West Engineering Bldg. . Inter-
view schedule is posted on the Bulle-
tin Board at Rm. 221 West Engineer-
ing Bldg. where application forms
and bulletins are available.

under the auspices of the i1,nstitut( of
Fine Arts. The public is invited.
AcadeumieNoties
English 21le will meet Saturday,
-1,iinstt'ad (if Thursday. -
-. . Nlson
Concerts
Choral Union Concert: Artur Ru-
binstein, Polish pianist, will give the
seventh concert in the Choral Union
Series Tuesday evening, Jan. 18, at
8:30, in Hill Auditorium. A limited
number of tickets are available daily7
at the offices of the University Musi-
cal Society in Burton Memorial Tow-
er and at the Hill Auditorium bo
office after 7 o'clock on the night of
the performance.*
Mr. Rubinstein will play a pro-
gram of numbers by Beethoven.
Brahms, Schumann, Chopin, Shosta-
kovich and heFalla.
Charles A. Sink, President
String Orchestra Concert: The
University of Micihigan String Or-

Wesley
leave the
a hike.

Foundation: A group will
church tonight at 8:30 for

Coming, Events
The American Association of Uni-
versity Profsessors will meet on Mon-
day, Jan. 24, at 6:45 p.m. in the
Union Taproom. Members will carry
their trays into the club room. Pro-
fessor Roy W. Sellars will speak on
"Re-Thinking Democracy." All mem-
bers of the faculty are invited.
The Graduate Outing Club will
meet Sunday at 2:30 p.m. at the club
quarters in the Rackham Building
(entrance Huron St. west corner) for
a hike to the Enchanted Wood. All
graduate or professionalstudents and
alumni are invited.
University Lutheran Chapel and
Student Center, 1511 Washtenaw, will
have "Open House" Stday after-
noon from 3 to 6 o'clock. The public
is cordially invited to see the new
quarters for Lutheran students and
servicemen (Missouri Synod).
Those iterested in being consid-
ered for ' res idence for the spring
emstetr in a women's co-operative
house, must be present for interviews
Monday at 7:00 p.m. at the A. K.
Stevens Co-op, 816 Forrest. Call
2-2218 for further information.

chestra, Gilbert Ross, Conductor, will
All women students attending "Ai- be heard in its irst public perfor-
da" and "Life with Father" will have mance at 8:30j p.m. Sundjay, Jan. 16.

one half hour permission from the
time the performances end. Special
permission from the Office of the
Dean of Women is not necessary.

in Lydia Mendelsolm Theatre. Ruby
Kuhlman, pianis and pupil of Mabel
Ross Rhead, will appear as soloist.
The program will consist of works
by H-Tande L r JCobld, Stamitz

1u i i u , rI i)« , t L ,
Lectures Bach and Boccherini, and will be
open to the general public without
University Lecture: Miss Freya charge.
Stark, authoress and traveller in the, __rge.
Near East, will speak on "A Journey,
into Yemen in 1940," ,on Tuesday, Events Today
Jan. 25, at 7:30 p.m. in the Rackham
Amphitheatre. The lecture will be The Angell uIall Observatory wvill
be open to the public from 8:00 to
10:00 this evening if the sky is clear
y Crockett Johnson .or nearly so. The planets Mars and
Saturn will be shown - through the
CROCKCC telescopes. Children must be accom-
st, m'boy. panied by adults.

Roger Williams Guild: "The Book
for the World of Tomorrow," a movie
sponsored by the American Bible
Society, will be shown at the Sunday
evening meeting of the Roger Wil-
liams Guild at 5:00 p.m.
The Lutheran Student Association
will meet Sunday afternoon at 5:30
in the Zion Lutheran Parish Hall.
Supper will be served at 6 o'clock;
program for evening will follow. Miss
Cecelia Hoeger from Detroit will

BARNABY

B
Well, they're off at la

"Gentleman Jim O'Malley," they used to But, O'Malley! Around the]

_. _,._r.

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