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I IlL LVIIcIii~-Aki 1) A~. IL i
I'd Rthr Be Right
By SAM UEL GRAFTON J1__________________________________________
GRIN AND BEAR IT
By Lch ty
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Contro
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
,egular University wear, and every morning except Mon-
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
Maroii Ford . . Managing Editor
Jane Farrant . . 7ditorial Director
Claire Sherman . . . . . City Editor
Marjorie Borradalle . . . . Associate Editor
Eric Zalenski . . . . . . Sports Editor
Bud LoW . . . . " Associate Sports Editor
HSrvey Frank . . . Associate Sports Editor
Mary, Anne Olson . . . . Women's Editor
Marjorie Rosmarin . . . . Ass't Women's Editor
Hilda Slautterback . . . . . Columnist
Doris Kuentz . . . . . . . Columnist
Molly Ann 7inokur . . . Business Manager
Elizabeth Carpenter . . Ass't Bus. Manager
Martha Opsion . . Ass't Bus. Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: VIRGINIA ROCK
Edztorals published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Trusters larme Labor
For Threat of Inflation
FOOD-TRUSTERS have been trying to shift
all blame on labor by attacking the in-
creased wages of industrial workers as the chief
threat of inflation and thus covering up their
own campaign to knock out subsidies and destroy
Walter P. Reuther, international vice-preident
of the UAW-CIO, has charged before the Senate
Banking and Currency Committee that large food
mhanufacturers and processors have teamed up
with the farm bloc to kill hold-the-line subsidies
sb jhe prices of foods .they sell will go up.
The Senate Thursday overwhelmingly ap-
proved a proposed eight-cent-an-hour wage
' increase for nonoperating railroad workers
despite protests from the Administration's top
hold-the-line officials that it would be a
wedge for inflation.
FARM BLOC SPOKESMEN at the Senate
Banking Committee's hearing on the Admin-
istration's food-subsidy program moved to force
a Senate ballot on the bill before the Christmas
Their drive for speedy action came after an
Administration group renewed efforts to delay
a vote on the House-approved subsidy repealer
until after the holiday recess with the hope that
a visit home would convince wavering Senators
that there is a dominant popular sentiment in
favor of subsidies to hold the line on food prices.
In other words they are willing to lift the
lid on food subsidies even if the people of the
nation do not approve, in order to settle the
demands of the big food manufacturers of
America and certain other groups.
Even the food-trusters recognize the infla-
tionary threat which would come if food sub-
sidies were abolished, so they are attempting to
place the entire blame on labor. If the price of
food were not allowed to rise, the wages of labor-
ers would not have to go up. From this it can
easily be seen that this anti-subsidy group is
throwing a monkey-wrench into price-control
machinery but are unwilling to take the blame
for the consequences, so they're trying to make
labor look responsible.
Nazi Submarines Are
Fighting Losing Yattle
THE U-BOAT, the weapon which Hitler, as the
Kaiser before. him, counted upon to cut the
far strung Allied supply lines, is now, as in 1918,
fighting a, losing battle.
Figures which were released in London
Thursday revealed that 150 Nazi submarines
have been sunk in the six month period from
May to November. A special announcement
from Prime Minister Churchill anti President
Roosevelt emphasized the iact that once again
A1 . 1 +" t o Nmher the nnmher of
NEW YORK, Dec. 11.-Mr. Raymond Clapper
confesses to a feeling of worry as he looks upon
the successive meetings at Cairo and Teheran.
"There is something just a bit disquieting in the
atmosphere of Oriental vanity and arrogance
that seems to hang over these meetings," he says,
"in the martial way in which these meetings are
carried off, with barbed-wire barricades and bay-
onets against the press, and with some of civilian
political heads of states wearing military uni-
forms." Mr. Clapper says he doesn't want to
labor the point, and he agrees the conferences
are needed, but he says he has "a strange, in-
explicable feeling of disquiet."
ONE MUST APPLAUD
Mr. Clapper's words come from the bottom of
his heart, and Mr. Clapper's heart is a first-rate
specimen, sensitive to facts and moral ideas, and
allergic to prejudice. And I know, of course,
what Mr. Clapper mans.
There has been a. kind of political breath-
lessnes about us since the first Moscow Dec-
larations; the future is being poured on us, as
if out oft a bucket.
Also, I imagine, many Americans must feel as
if they have become something like political
OUR ACADEMIC counselor told us when we
came here that "there are many new ad-
justments to be made while attending the Uni-
versity." We agree, and we have tried to make
them. But one "adjustment" we can't seem to
work" out. And as we've looked around, few of
our friends have good formulas either.
That is the delicate question of how much
time to spend in learning and how much time to
spend in acting. We can'tact without knowing,
and knowledge that's put to no use isn't worth
the money we spend on tuition. Putting it more
bluntly: should we go out for The Daily or get
all A's? (assuming that such a choice is pos-
sible.) When we've got a bluebook on Monday,
can we excuse ourselves from selling war bonds
and rolling bandages?
Our professors have never helped clear up
the matter for us, probably because few of
them have solved the question for themselves.
We know, of course, that we must study to
stay in school, and that we must do things,
or stagnate. But that doesn't settle the ques-
We recently learned, however, that there are
schools where thought and action are combined.
They are new adult education centers-the kind
Dr. Ruthven saw in England, but found wanting
here. , Who enrolls? Workingmen and women,
Army wives whose husbands are away, non-
college youth who are curious about the world
and its people. They don't have to have 120
hours to graduate, with so many courses in
Groups Q, X and W. Nor do they have to pass
bluebooks and get "good grades."
They don't go to school for the "college life,"
or the diploma, or the social prestige involved.
They go for a simpler reason. . . because they
want to know WHY.
In New York they go to the School for Democ-
racy, the New School for Social Research, work-
ers' schools. In Chicago they go tb the Abraham
Lincoln School. In Detroit, 'Frisco, Boston, New
Orleans they stay home-but next month or next
year they'll start schools there too.
WHAT SUBJECTS are offered? The science
of Society, Dramatics, Economic Analysis,
Parliamentary Procedure, How to Build Your
Union, Philosophy, Bricklaying, Spanish, Women
in the War, History of the American Negro Peo-
ple, Mathematics, Labor and the WLB, English
for the Foreign Born.
"You mean to say a workerplunks down
five or six dollars to hear lectures on Greek
philosophy once a week for so many weeks?
-Yes, that's what we're saying. "Do many of
them come?"-Well, quite a few. Up to a
thousand or so a quarter. "A guy who's work-
ed ten or twelve hours comes downtown at
night to get educated?"-Not necessarily. Ex-
tension classes are held at homes, in churches,
union halls, community centers.
What we started to say was that in schools
like these, scholars are men who teach AND
act, who teach others theory and practice. You
can't take a single course in schools like these
without seeing the relation between the past
and the present. Between principles and facts.
You can't be a good student withbut first learn-
ing, and then putting that knowledge to work.
If you "can't see the connection somehow"
between a course in economic analysis and
circulating petitions in favor of subsidies .. .
you've been in Ann Arbor long enough. Go
on, shoo-and don't come back till you've dis-
covered that "dumb factory workers" and "ig-
norant immigrants" are going to school this
Perhaps the real job of the universities in
building the post-war world is to realize that this
is the Century of the Common Man, who wants
to know so that he can act.
autonatons; they Ili, eo (ii00.( ba to suppe
these ne'i ings. O'. oh ir pas hardly Ina
ters in tl.S( pirim-es WIhe u- 51 :
a million do:lr: aid a -)t for the a
Nations, or wih 1 jA iged dime ami a: hatred
raoe 1rf.ejutdice, one mu>i aip,, atId.
Comes th MOsCOw conference, and you ha
to love Secretary hull, even if you don't..
THREE MEN IN A ROOM
But is it really true that we have placed o
damp little paws in the hands of four men a
told them to take us wherever they please?
The conferences look tha.t way; the arne
guards look that way; this seemingy submis
sive world, forever waiting to be handed an
other communique. looks that w ay. Rut ho
did we get to this peint 11mw did we ncime t
If you think of it, cold, it does seem weir
three men( in this case sitting in, some s'
of palace in Persia, making history as fast
they can talk, while bayonets keep out the wo
whose future is being invented inside. Howc
all that happen? Bia. the story doesn't start.
Teheran. We didn't get to Teheran in 10 mi
utes, nor by following a straight line, either.
has been a long trip, with stopovers at incuri
places, such as Geneva and Munich.
WE TRIED THE OTHER DOORS
We have tried every other door, in other wor
and this is the only one that opens; that is w
we have found ourselves at Teheran. We w!
to Teheran only after first going everywhl
else, trying everyhn eL Telran is le e
point of an exeruciactin I ; e eci-c
dured by the whole world for a. Ii hole generati
We got to Teheran by a process of eliminati:
we tried every other possiblity first. Looked
in that way, the meeting at Teheran is not
odd, nor the power of the three men (or fo
so great; these men are at the last stop o
strange march; they have only the power to co
plete an experiment, by tryin the things
failed to dO before,
And the very existence of our cur iously u
versal applause is the final answer to Mr. Cl.
per's doubt. The'applause can mean only t
the four men are working in a climate of e
sent. These men are not free to do as they plea
They are free only to do the one thing that
left. And the world knows there is onlyt
(Copyright, 1943, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
- Letters 10 4n Ia~ I .dn ,,w 1W Iye
.I-TOSE tEADEiRS nd( edtOr-
ialists of The Diy'. who believe
nd that subsidies ar the Panacea for all
of our ecnoic ills, I'd like to point
out a few fo ti and incidents which
should lea o a re-t uation of
- their stan(.
w i Rhe i i? t has ben ;img on over
tO a ., ear. -'he vote agsnst subsidies
did t iueek a as itba tii1 as flilit- a
vote against the 'mneaus" used by
d suh asdtnimifistrl as it was
rt against the esired 'eiids." 'on-
as, gress was up in arms, and perhaps
rid rimetrly so. e leed to know Wil,
i a before t pass on t merits ol the
in- August 1942, saw the beginning of
R the fighh. At that time thirty Newv
)us Deal newspapers. IDrewx Pearson, and
Time Magazime, carried editorials
and articles agamust lxwo of the lead-
inig fam nreleresen tat ives in the
country. namely,. Ear] C. Smith, Pres-
ds, ident o C te I inois Arieultural As-
hySHOcat ion, and~ "'Cott on' Ed O'Neii,
n. Piesident 1 ite Am1erican Farm Bu-
ere 1111, 1edtioi. ith and O'Neilt
'd 1dl Opposed t' Frnm hecuiy Ad-
en mmnistra i . Thie editirias were all
alike and inalude: n man y fallacies.
For exampi, Jke County Illinois is
on, not "ric," no: is Earl C. Smith out
!at for l tical gain,. He lias refused
so the post 01 Secretary of Agriculture
ur) three tiles. once under the Hoover
f a Administration, and twice under the
m.. New Deal st-i-). Thie reasons for
we oPPOsinJ t- USA were clear cut. The
1FSA Adin>Isttom' in my home had
been told to s-gendm solfm' $'2,00( of ESA
ui- funds in One i ek The week, was
ap- that before a congressional appro-
hat priation was due and FSA knew they
on- couldn't get nnds with money in
ase. their coffees.i
t is T THE PRESENT TIME, pay-
one ments for food from the laborer's
pocket is the lowest in history com-
pared wit, oe abilitfy 01 the non-
aricultt ar gu o pay. Labor-
ers are pying- 21 cts on the dollar
"You poor dear, we're practically finished now-I'll just take
your wallet and you can go right home!"
compared with 37 cents during the
last war. The administration is pay-
ing 30 cents per cwt. in milk checks
every day in AAA offices over the
country. Milk is $2.95 cwt. and
dairymen are also receiving two dol-
lars for every dollar of grain fed.
Dairy farmers are delighted with their
income from milk without an addi-
tional subsidy. It would be extra for
the farmers and in itself is infla-
tionary in character. A great many
farmers have even refused the checks
and believe that the subsidies are a
means of keeping the pay-rollers
busy in the AAA offices. It was great
for the farmer to receive a 45-cent
subsidy when corn was 10 cents a
bushel, but with present prices it
seems foolish. %
Several weeks ago, a group com-
posed of men from the FSA, the
Farmers Union, and John L. Lewis'
United Mine Workers started an in-
junction against the State of Illinois
concerning the legality of the 1917
bill which supplies federal funds for
the salaries of County Agents. The
County Agents are the back-bone of
the IAA and the AFBF. The reason
for the FSA men to be in on the in-
junction is apparent from what has
already been said. John L. Lewis
took a licking from the Farm Bureau
when he attempted to organize dairy
farmers into the UMW last year, and
the Farmers Union is the perennial
foe of the Farm Bureau anyway. The
group furnishing the money is Local
No. 50 of the UMW in Springfield,
According to economics, subsidies
are an admission of the failure to
"hold the line" and to make the
price control system work.
In view of these things, the state-
ment on The Daily editorial page,
"Food subsidies are the only way
out," seems somewhat hasty. I per-
sonally don't know the answer. I do
know that Congress is fed-up with
the methods used by certain groups
in the Department of Agriculture.
The overwhelming vote against sub-
sidies was probably more of an indi-
cation of this than as a feeling
against subsidies themselves.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
WASHINGTON, Dec. 11. -- When popular,
hard-working Ed Stettinius came in as Under-
Secretary of State, it was expected that he would
soon work miracles of efficiency.
Ed had been trained in big business from the
ground up. His father was with J. P. Morgan.
He himself went into the U.S. Steel Corpora-
tion, quickly became its head. Previously, he
had been an executive of General Motors, also
a director of North American Aviation, Gen-
eral Aviation, TWA, and Western Air Express.
So it was expected that Ed would oil up the
creaking old machinery of diplomacy and make
it prance down Pennsylvania. Avenue.
Ed has now labored mightily and brought
forth his first great revolution. Frankly, it is
One of the things for which the State Depart-
ment has long been famous is its array of Negro
messengers sitting in the corridors outside the
executive offices. These gentlemen are among
the elite of Washington's colored community.
One was once Teddy Roosevelt's coachman. An-
other fought with Cordell Hull in the Spanish-
American War. Many are lawyers and have prob-
ably sneaked in a little reading of the law while
not ushering ambassadors in to see the Secretary
of State or distributing coded messages from
Cairo and Teheran.
A messenger sat at a table just outside the
door of the Secretary of State, the Under-Secre-
tary, and each Assistant Secretary. But now Ed
Stettininus, as his first great move to streamline
the State Department, has taken these tables out
of State Department corridors.
Instead of sitting just outsid the door of
each executive in order to open the door for
distinguished visitors, the messengers now sit
in what was once the men's lavatory. The
room has been revamped, but even so, there is
great indignation among the colored messen-
gers. From their privileged status as escorts to
ambassadors and Cabinet members, they are
relegated to relative oblivion.
As far as efficiency goes, it doesn't matter
much one way or the other-though it does look
prettier. State Department officials are now won-
dering what the next great move of "Stream-
lined" Stettinius will be.
(copyright. 1943, Un-ied Ieatumes Syndicate)
SATURDAY, DEC. 11, 1943
VOL. LIV No. 34
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are I he sent to the Office of the
Preidet i tyewrtenform by 3:30
im. o ime ,dr1 precedlingits publica-
tion,eept on aturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.n.
Frcshimen in the College aof Litera-
ture, Science, aniid the Arts may ob-
tain their five -week progress -reports
in the Academic Counselors' Office,
108 Mason Hall. according to the fol-
lowing schedule: Surnames begin-
ning T through Z, Saturday fore-
noon, Dec. 11.
Arthur Van Duren,
Chairman, Academic Counselors
Pre-Forestry and Forestry Stu-
dents: Announcement is made of the
annual essay contest for the Charles
Lathrop Pack Foundt ion Prize in
Forestry. The prize is $30, and the
contest is open to all forestry and
pre-forestry students. Contestants
may consult, if they wish, with mem-
bers of the faculty of the School of
Forestry and Conservation as to suit-
ability of opics. Essay titles should
be filed not later than Jan. 10 with
the Recorde, from whom further de-
tails may be obtained.
Dormitory Directors, Sorority
C laperons, and League House
Heads: Women's residences will close
on Tuesday, Dec. 28, at 10:30 p.m.
but, if necessary, special arrange-
ments may be made with house
heads to arrive on later trains.
Alice C. Lloy]d, )ean of Women
The niversity Bureau of Appoint-
ments has receied notice of the fol-
lowing Civil Service Examinations:
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania-
Secretary - s enograpler, $1,176-
$3.456; Typist, :.176-$1,584; Super-
visor, $2.136-$4.200: Visitor, $1,584-
$2,136: Accoumtant, $l1860-$3,456.
Closing date tor applications is Dec.
The Bureau has also received no-
tice of Work-study fellowships to the
New York School of Social Work for
1944-45. Applicants must qualify as
regular graduate students eligible for
a master's degree. Competition is
open to college seniors, only if they
have previously had some substantial
work experience. Closing date for
applications is Feb. 15, 1944.
Further information may be had
from the notices which are on file in
the office of the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 201 Mason Hall, office hours
9-12 and 2-4.
Bureau of Appointments and
Students, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Except under
extraordinary circumstances, courses
dropped by upperclassmen after to-
day will be recorded with a grade
of E. E. A. Walter
School of Education Students, oth-
er than freshmen: Courses dropped
after today will be recorded with the
grade of E except under extraordin-
ary circumstances. No course is con-
sidered officially dropped unless it
has been reported in the office of the
Registrar, Room 4, University Hall.
School of Music Freshmen may
secure five-week grades by calling at
' the office of the. School of Music.
Choral Union Concert: The Uni-
versity Musical Society announces
that the Don Cossack Russian Chor-
us, Serge Jaroff, Conductor, will give
the seventh program in the Sixty-
fifth Annual Choral Union Series,
Tuesday, Dec. 14, at 8:30 p.m. in Hill
Auditorium. The program will con-
sist of religious numbers, folk songs
and soldier songs.
Charles A. Sink, President
Carillon Recital: Christmas carols
and classical music associated with
Christmastime will be played by Per-
cival Price, University Carillonneur,
at 3:15 p.m. on Sunday, Dec. 12,
when he will present another recital
on the Baird Carillon in Burton
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: An exhibition of paint-
ings by Eugene Dana, and color prints
by Louis Schanker, is presented by
the College of Architecture and De-
sign in the ground floor corridor of
the Architectural Building through
Dec. 28. Open daily, except Sunday,
8:00 to 5:00. The public is cordially
Romance Languages Journal Club:
will meet today at 4 o'clock in the
East Conference Room of the Rack-
ham Building. All staff members are
cordially invited to be present.
Professor Charles P. Wagner will
speak on Mexico. Professor Erme-
lindo A. Mercado will talk on condi-
tions in Puerto Rico.
Wesley Foundation: Open House
and party for all students and ser-
vicemen tonight, 8:30-11:30.
The Westminster Student Guild is
planning a hayride for this evening.
They will meet at the church at 7:15
pzn., returning at 9:00 for games
and dancing. Please phone your res-
ervation to the office, 2-4466 today.
Graduate Outing Club will meet
Sunday at 2:30 p.m. at the club
quarters in the Rackham Building
(entrance Huron St., west corner)
for a hike, or indoor games in case
of unfavorable weather. All graduate
or professional students and alumni
are cordially invited.
International Center: Professor
Philip Sullivan, formerly of St.
John's University, Shanghai, just
returned to Ann -Arbor after almost
two years as a prisoner of the Japa-
nese and a trip home on the Grips-
holm, will speak at the International
Center on Sunday at 7:30 p.m. All
foreign students and interested
Americans are invited. Refreshments.
The Lutheran Student Association
will meet at 5:30 Sunday afternoon,
Dec. 12, in Zion Lutheran Parish
Hall. Sister Margaret Fry, deacon-
ess in the Willow Run Area. will
Gosh, Mr. O'Malley. I don't Look, m'boy!... This grasping institution "
know where Mom and Jane even does a business in Lost Children!
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Put a small deposit on her,
Bornczby, and wait here for
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