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December 09, 1943 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-12-09

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A!i &I
Fifty-Fourth Year

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Uichiggn under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
,egular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The. Associated Press
Ithe Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
ror republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.50, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
Editorial Staff
Marion Ford . . . . . . Managing Editor
Jane Farrant . . . . Editorial Director
Claire Sherman . . . . . City Editor
Majorie Borradalle . . . Associate Editor
Eric Zalenski . . . . Sports Editor
Bud Low . . . . Associate Sports Editor
Harvey Frank . . . Associate Sports Editor
Mary Anne Olson . . . . Women's Editor
Marjorie Rosmarin . . . Ass't Women's Editor
Hilda Slautterback . . Columnist
Doris Kuentz . . . . . Columnist
Business Staff
Molly Ann Ninokur . . . Business Manager
Elizabeth Carpenter . . . Ass't Bus. Manager
Martha Opsion . . Ass't Bus. Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views .of the writers only.
Senate Reives Issue
Of Pearl Harbor Guilt
FOR A WHILE IT LOOKED as though we were
going to forget the unfortunate issue of Rear
Admiral Husband E. Kimmel and Major General
Walter C. Short. But no, several Congressmen
have.revived the charge of "dereliction of duty."
One of the psychological effects of wartime
frayed nerves and ragged tempers is the tend-
ency to single out "scapegoats" on which to
lay the blame. This phenomenon has never
been, better illustrated than it was Tuesday by
Senator Clark. The legislator from Missouri
actually went to the ridiculous extreme of urg-
ing the impeachment of Secretary of War
Stimson and Navy Secretary Knox unless they
immediately court martialed Kimmel and
It is-or should be-a pretty generally known
fact by now that Kimmel and Short were not
to blame for the Pearl Harbor defeat. Rather it
was caused by the negligence of the whole mili-
tary and naval setup in the area. No two of-
ficers-and no two dozen-caiz be blamed for
the disaster.
It is unnecessary and uncalled for to make
an issue again of the courts martial of Kimmel
and Short. The damage is done, and further
discussion is futile.
Let Senator Clark, and all other legislative
dunderheads, turn their attention to the positive
work of winning the war rather than .to hysteri-
cal accusations and demands for "punishment."
-Jennie Fitch
Political BiaS Shown in
Linsey 's Appointment
THE APPOINTMENT of Jay W. Linsey as spe-
cial prosecutor in Judge Leland W. Carr's
one-man grand jury investigation of graft in the
State Legislature is not an optimistic sign for
theunbiased conduct of the investigation.
In 1941 he represented Fred C. Ehrmann in
the graft trial of Frank D. McKay, Republican
National Committeeman and leader of the
state Republican machine. Ehrmann has been
closely allied with McKay and was a key figure

in the 1941 trial.
Tuesday, when the appointment was made
Gov. Kelly was in Grand Rapids. Linsey's law
firm is in Grand Rapids. McKay's home is
in Grand Rapids.
Francis P. Slattery, who has been indicted
on a charge of offering a bribe to Rep. George
N. liggins, Republican state legislator from
Ferndale, is vice-president of the Michigan
National Bank of Grand Rapids. State At-
torney General Herbert J. Rushton, who made
the appointment, claimed that he had con-
suited with Gov. Kelly, on the matter. How-
ever, Gov. Kelly, when he was questioned, said
"I did not know about it. I've never heard
Linsey's name before." Rushton then changed
his position, said he notified the Governor
after the appointment was made. It appears
that someone spoke out of turn.
Judge Carr, who is conducting the investiga-
Hrir, Vniiin nnhnp o'f th, a r,ni ntmnt n

A STRANGE INSTITUTION, sorority rushing
a process of selection in which all but
a few are out of the running before the actual
mine begins. There's no monkey business about,
it, or sentimental liberalism.
Race, religion, economic position and social
standing are absolute demarcation lines be-
tween those with "the proper qualification"
and those without.
Yes, a strange institution . . . in that those
who are rushed certainly don't like it. Both
groups, sorority sisters and freshmen wearing
false faces, feel that rushing lives up to its name
too closely. That meeting a girl over a tea cup-
and talking to her for five minutes, later having
her in for cokes and cookies, is scarcely time to
decide whether to ask her to pledge. And how
can a girl impress the house she wants to get
into (if asked), when she traipses from one
to another, spending twenty minutes in each?
The best she can do is dress as much as possible
like the sorority girl she has seen, from hair
style and pancake make-up inward to the'
cliches on her tongue.
Sorority hashes settle the question. There
the recommendations from alumnae are gone
over, and the background, physiognomy, per-
sonality, "interests" of the rushees. Decisions
are made only on outward appearances, and.
the best that can be done is . . . "She seems
like our type . . is she an activities girl?. . .
oh, her father's Somebody back homef -. -
We HAVE to take her, she's a legaey," (for the
uninitiated, a legacy is one whose close rela-
tive is an alumna of the sorority).
Now, we agree that it's more pleasant to live
in a house you feel is your own, and that living
with the same group of girls for four years gives
you a chance to sing later "where fond friend-
ships first began."
BUT, AFTER ALL, we are living afnong books,
museums, research projects. We go to classes
every day which try to make us think, to under-
stand people. It's more than a line to say that
"going to college broadens one" . . . it should be
a fact. Particularly on the Michigan cainpus.
where people from all parts of America and the
world are gathered, working in every imaginable
field of knowledge.
And then for us to use standards based on
every other quality but individuality and in-
telligence . . . for us to use the criteria of the
world in choosing housenates"... .is to defeat,
in daily living, the principles of education.
Who cares that Kathie Hepburn Wears slacks
and no lipstick when she feels like it? That
Pearl Buck doesn't come from the middle class.
That Ludmilla Pavichenko fights for commun-
ism? That Marian Anderson's skin pigmenta-
tion is not like yours?dThat Lillian Hellman be-
lieves in a Jewish god? These are the- people
who are doing things, building the world we live
in. They are valuable people, worth knowing,
learning from, living with.
We keep them out of sororities because they
"aren't the kind of girl who rushes," or be-


APPEARING WITHOUT its renowned cgnduc-
tor, the Boston Symphony carried on last
night and gave a fine performance proving that
it is still one of the leading orchestras in the
world today.
Dr. Koussevitsky's place was filled by the con-
certmaster and associate conductor of the or-
chestra, Richard Burgin; and this substitution
was accopmpanied by a program change. Every-
one warmed up on the Classical Symphony by
Prokofieff, which took the place of William
Schuman's Symphony for Strings, originally
planned. ' It must be admitted that there were
misgivings as to just how the evening would
turn out, for this number seemed to resemble a
contest between string sections with Mr. Burgin
on the sidelines. Nor did these misgivings dis-
appear until the Shostakovitch was well under
way, and from then on the evening was a success.
HE ENTIRE AUDIENCE was disappointed.
that Koussevitsky could not appear, and this
was a handicap for the orchestra, as the natural
reaction of many people was to settle down dis-
contentedly and prepare to listen to an inferior
performance. This of course was not the case;
it would be illogical if such a fine group of mu-
sicians could not appear without its leader. Na-
turally the performance lacked a certain touch
that only a master can give it, making the dif-
ference between a good performance and an ex-
cellent one; but in all fairness to Mr. Burgin,
who did such a fine job, it must be remembered
that he was handicapped by the necessity of
watching a score.
The dramatic First Symphony of Shostak-
oviteh was the highlight of the program. Writ-
ten by the composer at the age of twenty, it
is a brilliant work full of color, life and com-
pelling rhythms. After overcoming their first
timidity, Mr. Burgin and the orchestra car-
ried the work through to a great climax in the
last movement, which was the best of the four.
After intermission came three works, which
might have been done blindfolded. Debussy's
Two Nocturnes was the first of these, followed
by Moussorgsky's Prelude to "Khovanstchina."
The last number, Rimsky-Korsakov's Spanish
Caprice, was popular as always and proved to be
a proper ending to a very enjoyable performance.
It left the audience standing in the aisles, ap-
plauding enthusiastically for an encore that was
not granted.
-Jean Athay
cause, as rushees, we see that "they aren't our
type." Why miust'there be a type at all? Does
*jur man want to marry you specifically, or
the Greek alphabet generally?
Standards are made and revised as the world
changes. Young people are supposed to live
and learn. So we needn't have even one more
rushing like the present one . . . Now, don't
get excited. It's not revolution we're proposing
... remember, Oberlin, the first college in Am-
erica to admit women, has no sororities, and
seems to be doing nicely.

B y D RE W
WASHINGTON. Dec. 9---Secietary
of the Navy Knox heard some b*st -
ering comments on the Navy's hand-
ling of war news at a closed-door
pow-wow with the House Appropri-
ations Committee recently. Plain-
talking Representative Harry Shep-
pard of California, who presided at
the meeting, raised Cain about the
suppression of legitimate war stories
as well as unwarranted delays in the
clearance of news releases.
Sheppard asserted that the best
way to make sure the public did
not believe the lies of Axis propa-
gandists was for the government
to give them more facts about com-
bat developments. The American
public can take it. Sheppard said-
the bad news with the good. He
also sharply criticized the with-
holding of stories from the battle
fronts for long periods before their
release is officially approved by
Navy censors. It was brought out
that some news dispatches had
been held up for six months and
more before being released.
"The public is entitled to know
what's going on, both on the battle
and the production front," said Shep-
pard. "For that matter, the Navy
itself stands to benefit by a more
liberal and intelligent, public-rela-
tions policy. I have no doubt that
many stories have been censored
which would reflect great credit on
the splendid job the Navy is doing
in this war."
Navy Censorship .
Knox didn't attempt to defend
Navy censorship. He readily admitt-
ed that there was "plenty of room
for' improvement," but said he had
argued with Navy brass hats until he
was lue in the face about the sup-
pression of war news, with little suc-
I'm a newspaper man," he said,
"and therefor am a firm believer
in giving the public the facts."
He also agreed that the Navy would
profit by a more above-board news
policy, citing as an example the in-
signficant notices the Navy had re-
ceived in reports of the fighting on
New Guinea. Admiral Halsey had
shone brilliantly in these operations,
Knox declared, but was barely men-
tiojed in Army dispatches from Gen-
eral Douglas MacArthur's headquar-
The Navy Secretary didn't dir-
eetly charge that MacArthur was
trying to hog the credit for victor-
ies in the South Pacific, but he left

a'- ~



Q 943, Chicago Times, Inc~ - - f{
"-A new bill increasing the postal rate will not only mean
additional revenue, Senator, but should also diseourage con-
stituents who write us nasty letters!"

little doubt in the minds of the com-
mittee that this was what he
His branch of the service was per-
haps "too modest," Knox remarked.
He promised the committee that he
would make a personal investigation
to determine what reforms could be
made to improve the Navy's press-
relations set-up.
McArthur and Lodge . .
The drive for MacArthur for Presi-
dent and Senator Cabot Lodge for
Vice-President has brought some in-
teresting reactions, according to L.
W. McCormick, its first public spon-
McCormick sent out 5,000 letters to
Republican chairmen and local lead-
ers all over the country. About 500
replies have now been received, all
of them favorable regarding Mac-
Arthur, but not all so strong for
Lodge. A good many referred to the
young Senator's famous grandfath-
er, Henry Cabot Lodge, Sr., who up-
set Wilson's peace plans. They com-
mented that young Lodge was too
much like his grandfather.
McCormick is waiting for more re-
plies and also telling those who write
him to get busy and organize Mac-
Arthur clubs.

Rather Be RGigAhtT


NEW YORK, Dec. 9.-The plain meaning of
the Teheran Declaration is that the conferees
gave agreed on military operations but have laid
political questions over to a later date. That is
what the Declaration says. I do not see that it
is necessary to go into it with a divining rod'
and a dentist's burr to probe for deeper mean-
The Teheran statement ends the second front
debate. The quarrel over the second front has
been going on for two years. It is over now, done
with, finished. "Complete agreement" has been
reached on military operations. These agree-
ments apply to both "scope" and "timing." That
is far different from the American declarations
of summer before last, in which we agreed on
the "urgency" of a second front; then stopped
dead. We then felt, in short, that while it. was
admittedly urgent to make a second front, it
was somehow even more urgent not to make one.
We have now, at Teheran, set a size on our
coming operation, and put a date to it.
That is enough to make the Teheran state-
ment historic. The observer will feel disappoint-
ment in the Teheran statement, in precise pro-
portion to his previous lack of interest in the
second front. To those who regarded the con-
dition-of-Bulgaria question as more important
than the opening of a second front, the Teheran
Declaration will be a bitter let-down. To those
who have looked upon the second front as the
key issue of the war, the Teheran statement is
such as to rouse vast and almost intolerable ex-
The three conferees at Teheran appreciated
(as the American and British public have never
properly appreciated) the importance of the
second front issue, as the chief block between
the west and Russia. The Russians have even'

made a special, separate issue of the slogan:
"Shorten the war! ", a cry which has not been
raised in America or Britain. The Russians have
stood not only for victory, they have stood for a
definite sort of victory, for a quick victory, to
be obtained by joint, massive east-and-west op-
erations. The three conferees, having reached
agreement on this basic question, will, I think,
be genuinely startled to find themselves accused
of having disappointed the public.
The Teheran statement speaks of military de-
cisions in the past tense, and of political de-
cisions in the future tense. It is from this cir-
cumstance that I draw the not very difficult
deduction that the former have been made, while
the latter are left to be made. Also, the Moscow
Declarations,, of only a few weeks ago, stated,
with considerable candor, that a number of ques-
tions had been left unsolved, and held over for
the future: the Teheran statement does not pre-
tend that they have all ieen solved now.
I venture the guess that the same unhappy
fringe of comment which has been attacking
the three conferees for daring to presume to
settle the political future of the world "by power
politics," will now also attack them for having
left it unsettled. When they get it, they con-
sider it much too much; when they do not get
it, they ask for more.
I know the Roosevelt method sufficiently well
to suggest that he will wait until there is suf-
ficient public clarity, and heat, and pressure,
on behalf of, say, a sensible Polish-Russian
border settlement, before he subscribes to one.
He is not a Wilson, selling an idea to his coun-
try; he prefers to let his country be the Wilson,
and to let it sell him the idea. He does not see
why he should worry alone; he lets us all have
a share of it. But he has not let this uncertainty
hold back the conduct of military operations.
(Copyright, 1943, N.Y. Post Syndicate)

THURSDAY, DEC. 9, 1943
VOL. LIV No. 32
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
To the Members of the University
Council: The December meeting of
the University Council has been can-
Louis A. Hopkins, Secretary
To Members of the Faculty, Staff
and Student Body: Attention of
everyone is called to the Lost and
Found Department of the Business
Office, Rm. 1, University Hall. In-
quiry concerning lost articles should
be made promptly at the above men-
tioned office. Articles found on the
campus and in University buildings
should be turned over immediately.
Those articles not called for within
60 days will be surrendered to the
finder. Shirley W. Smith
Pre-Forestry and Forestry Stu-
dents: Announcement is made of the
annual essay contest for the Charles
Lathrop Pack Foundation Prize in
Forestry. The prize is $30, and the
contest is open to all forestry and
pre-forestry students. Contestants
may consult, if they wish, with mem-
bers of the faculty of the School of
Forestry and Conservation as to suit-
ability of topics. Essay titles should
be filed not later than Jan. 10 with
the Recorder, from whom further de-
tails may be obtained.

French Lecture: Professor Arthur
L. Dunham, of the Department of
History, will open the series of
French lectures for 1943-1944 spon-
sored by the Cercle Francais tonight
at 8:00 in the Assembly Room of the
Rackham Building.' The title of his
lecture is: "Quelques problemes eco-
nomiques de la France de demain."
Tickets for these lectures may be
procured from the Secretary of the
Department of Romance Languages
(Rm. 112, Romance Language Build-
ing) or at the door at the time of the
lectures for a small sum. Holders of
these tickets are entitled to admis-
sion to all lectures. All servicemen
are admitted free of charge to all
Academic Notices
Freshmen in the College of Litera-
ture, Science, and the Arts may ob-
tain their five-week progress reports
in the Academic Counselors' Office,
108 Mason Hall, according to the fol-
lowing schedule: Surnames begin-
ning F through L, Thursday, Dec. 9;
Surnames beginning M through S,
Friday, Dec. 10; Surnames beginning
T through Z, Saturday forenoon,
Dec. 11.
Arthur Van Duren,
Chairman, Academic Counselors
Students, Fall Term, College of Lit-
erature, Science, and the Arts:
Courses dropped after Saturday, Dec.
11, by students other than freshmen
will be recorded with the grade of E.
Freshmen (students with less than
24 hours of credit) may drop courses
without penalty through the eighth
week. Exceptions to these regula-
tions may be made only because of
extraordinary circumstances, such as
serious illness.
-E. A. Walter
School of Education Students, oth-
er 'than freshmen: Courses dropped
after Saturday, Dec. 11, will be re-
corded with the grade of E except
unr e xtraordinary circumstances.

Now keep very close together-
Jane! Where did Barnaby go?

CI's impossible! Finding Barnaby
n this crowd! Anyone HIS size-

By Crockett Johnson
Look, Setta. A midget... Dressed He's supposed to be a JOHNSC
up funny. From the toy section- gnome or something.

l !

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