TIl E MIC-I1GAN DAILY
I I ______________________
&11 1Iirvijgan Btty
I'd Rather Be Right
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
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NIGHT EDITOR: MARJ BORRADAIL
Editorials published in The Michigan Diy
are written by members of The Daily sta
and represent the views of the writers on4y.
WAR TIME PROBLEM:
Groat Increase in Child
Labor Shown by Report
rPIE NATIONAL LABOR COMMITTEE has
cited the fact, in a recent report, that there
has been a 500 to 700 percent increase of child
laborers. The group includes youths of fourteen
These youngsters are not only receiving adult
wages, but they are working a maximum num-
ber of hours. It cannot be denied that child
workers are relieving a serious manpower short-
However, some planning should be made in
order to guard against the crippling of the
nation, as a whole, socially, economically, and
insofar as literacy is concerned.
Over half of the states now have had a huge
enrollment drop in their public schools. A weekly
pay check provides inducement enough for a
child to step out of school doors with alacrity.
Also, youngsters equipped with only a bare knowl-
edge of the basic essentials of reading and writ-
ing will make very poor citizens handling this
Mereover, industries should be prohibited
from accepting workers without their parents'
consent and without a thorough investigation
of each case.
States should take measures compelling every
child to attend school up until a reasonable age.
Illinois, for example, and New York have set
seventeen as the minimum age when a child
may completely discontinue his education.
THIS YOUTH LABOR PROBLEM has an-
other important aspect. These "babes" of
workers will be reluctant to release their positions
after the war, and thus a conflict between pre-
matured adolescents and returning servicemen
and women will result.
Appropriate legislation can remedy the sit-
uation, which if curbed will also tend to re-
lieve ,juvenile delinquency. There is too much
freedom and financial support now standing
begging a thirteen year old "to go wild."
Laws should be passed which will require a
minimum working age, salary and number of
hours of employment. Furthermore, youths
should be urged to continue their education above
everything in either an academic or commercial
sense. -Lois Leiderman
Galens To Use Funds
For Hospital Workshop
1IODAY YOU WILL BE ASKED by a Galens
member to contribute to their fund for en-
tertaining and training children confined in the
This is probably one of the worthiest of all
tag-day sales held on campus. Money collected
(the goal is $2,500 this year) is used to finance
the Gaens workshop on the hospital's ninth
floor where bed-ridden and crippled children
may spend many happy hours that otherwise
would be passed worrying about their condition
and pitying themselves.
NEW YORK, Dec. 3.-It is customary for men
in jobs like mine to cuss the public out every
now and then for its inertia. It makes an easy
piece to write. You haul off and denounce the
public as a great big oaf, sitting there in its chair,
yawning its. fool head off, while the world is
going to hell in a wheelbarrow, as every decent
But maybe inertia is not so bad a quality at
that. Like the other day, for instance, when
Senastor Butler of Nebraska let out a holler to
the effect that our government was wasting
$6,000,000,000 on Latin America, in loans, lend-
lease, frivolous expenditures, etc.
THAT'S A LOT OF MONEY
Six billion dollars is not hay, and if the public
were more excitable it might have gone storming
don Pennsyvania Avenue, brandishing torches,
and singing horrid songs. I don't know whether
Stor Butler was trying to light a fire, but
he was certain playing with matches. He had
the lQok of a tan who was starting something.
But theb ulic kept right on feeding its baby,
or listening to Dinah Shore, and within a day
it turned onut that $,000,0%0,Q00 was a more correct
figure for our war-tne spending in Latin Am-
erica tVan $6,W.000,00,.4
it also tunedi out that Senator Butler's at-
t4c4 ha i eei planned as a kind of combined
ati:, so to seak, because the minute he
ope V* "t e December issue of Reader's Di-
t rd with an article signed by him,
tel4.g te whole story over again. Now, the
ftena tas ben back from his Latin-Ameri-
can tu wfor several months. Hie had appar-
a ly keA -Woet sbout his preeious six-billion-
~lar sv~ual to give the Digest time to print
But if six iillioris of dollars were really being
wasted, that dreadful waste should have been
4topped at once. The loss of interest alone on
that hue nvu nt iof principal would have come
to i'# a or $,0Q0,00 during the several
nthtts the senator kept it quiet, or even a bit
;4orv thmn the Digest pays for an article.
WE T HEY OW $TORMY
I d't know where the Senator gets off, wast-
im; forty or fifty millions of dollars that way.
What does he think we are, made of money?
The blessed colleotve coolness of the Amer-
can pubic l this time of war is actually a
somewt better testimnial to democracy than
the excitement of some of its leaders. Good,
Teachers Faced with
TEACHERS OF TODAY and tomorrow are
faced with society's greatest challenge to the
future of America and the world. They must now
realize that democracy and the American econ-
omy can only succeed if citizens are educated to
think realistically, to make valid decisions, and
to act with assurance and confidence.
Our present phaos is proof enough that the
present genertion has made a mess of their
opportulties to construct a, world free from
poverty and disruption. The same errors will
be made again if students are just presented
with the mistakes that their elders have made,
and are not given an opportunity to form
opinions on how these errors can be avoided.
They cannot profit by these facts if the teacher
does not tell them what he himself thinks. by
exchanging ideas with students, the teacher
can meet the needs of society in edufation.
This cannot be achieved as long as teachers
continue merely to present the facts and leave
the student to draw his own conclusions to his
O MANY TEACH1R$ on this campus are
interested in presenting facts and 'leaving
them there: "Here are the facts, do what you
wish with them." Material presented in this
manner is remembered only until the semester
is over and then forgotten. There are very few
lectures and recitation groups in this University
where students have been able to present their
own opinions, and learn the opinions of the
lecturers. Students look forward to attending
these elasses, but they do not always remember
the minute facts. What they do remember, how-
ever, are the opinions they formed or heard oth-
ers present, and profit more from these memories
than fromn the details that are tossed at them.
Most teachers underestimate the student's
understanding and competency. A student is
incompetent when he is not learning, and
youth must be encouraged to learn. Facts and
opinioos are needed before the student can
Teachers in this University and in other schools
must realize that only by making their subjects
applicable, and vital can they develop students
toward thinking and acting in a progressive and
intelligent fashion. The impetus toward edu-
cating students in the functions of democracy,
so that they can avoid the errors of the last gen-
erations, comes from the classroom. This is
the teacher's challenge. Can they meet it? -
solid country, ours. Both feet on the ground.
It keeps its balance, even when public figures
get into that special angry mood which I
have heard described in several Chicago bars as
"stormy," a good word.
Like for instance, there's Mr. Dewey, he's the
Governor of New York. He suddenly begins to
holler at Mr. Roosevelt for not turning over to
him a certain gangster named Lepke. The Fed-
erals have Lepke for 14 years on a narcotic con-
viction, while the State of New York has him
under death sentence, and Mr. Dewey wants the
Feds to turn Lepke over for an executive hearing
on clemency on the murder conviction. The Feds
object to doing this, and Mr. Dewey begins to try
the case in press conferences, suggesting it is
strange the President won't drop everything (and
I mean everything) in order to give him Lepe.
IT SITS ON ITS HANDS
The Chicago Tribune takes it up right away.
saying (which Mr. Dewey didn't) that all this
tends to substantiate rumors that Lepke is beig
spared by the federal government, because he
knows too much about important figures in the
federal government, and might talk if not treated
nicely. The Tribune says this has undernined
New York's confidence in the integrity of the
So what happens? The U. S. Attorney Qeu-
eral declares that he will turn Lepke over t
New York, but only to be executed, and not efor
a mere clemency hearing. See! If the New
York public were like the publisher of the Uh-i
cago Tribune, here it would be moping arowu ,
its confidence in government all underml4ne .
Good old public. Inertia, my eye. The public
knows it is in for a bad year, and I don't blame
it for practicing sitting on its hands. Funny
thing, that the people should be the center of
sobriety and coolness, in an age which has shown
such fear, in so many devious ways, of the people.
(Copyright, 1943, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
AND OYSTER SHELLS
WE HAD A RARE opportunity this week. We
interviewed a "Professional Home-maker."
That is, she 'walked into our room and sat down.
We had to interview her in self defense.
Being a Professional Home-maker in this
woman's language means writing one of those
.pages in big and little newspapers that Ore
headed "Foods and Fashions," or "Haels
Helpful Hints," or "Mother's Manual."
Two fifths of the page is invariably devoted
to close-out sales and super-market ads, an-
other fifth to the day's cross-word puzzle and
the answer to yesterday's, still another to AP
bits from across the country-A Cyclop was re-
ported born in Dallas, Texas, and stuff like that
-and the remainder is filled up by the Profes-
This particular Dolly happens also to be the
author of a seven page "Helpful Home Hints"
pamphlet that is being featured by the depart-
ment of agriculture this year for Newlyweds.
She was staying with the girl across the hall
and when the girl went away she cane in to us.
We were typing at the time and we didn't hear
her come in. She sat down and pretty soon she
asked us if we liked to type. We said, "No." She
dsked'us why we were typing and we said we
didnt know. She said that was too bad; she
said she felt very sorry for us.
BEING A MEEK SOUL, we couldn't ask her to
leave, so she began on our room. She used
shoe polish to cover the scars on our radio and
she painted the nicks in our shoes with Iodine.
She pasted the patches in our soxs with nail
polish and she washed the ink spots out of our
clothes with milk. She made our bed up so
tightly that we haven't been able to get into it
since, and she made hat box reflectors for our
At the risk of seeming slow Yiitted and 4-
progressive, we admit that all of this bothereqi
us more than a little. We can't tell any more
whether we're putting on a dress or a ean of
Pet Milk and we're looking around for a reli-
able bootblack to shine up our radio now and
Trying to divert her attention, we asked her
if she didn't ever run out of things to say to
She assured us immediately that there were
always things to write about. For instance,
she said that one housewife had writte to ask
how one went about cooking a cow's udder.
She cited another example. Recently, she said;
she had written a whole article on "purple."
"Purple," she said. "is like a rippling brooklet."
"The color?" we asked stupidly. She nodded;
she looked far away from us out of the window.
"It's dirty," she said in soft voice, and then
"I recommend kerosene." We noted it down on
our memo pad.
And our thesis for those who demand them of
us. Resolve: a home for every home maker.
WASHINGTON. Nov. 3.-Don t be
too surprised if you find President
Roosevelt stepping out of the White
House a few months or weeks before
his term is up, to help establish and
perhaps become president of the first
world organization for peace.
There is nothing definite about this.
and it all depends on the war. But
you can write two things down as
1. The President under no cir-
stances will run again if the war
is over next year.
2. The President's greatest am-
bition, now that he sees the war in
fairly good shape, is to help create
machinery which will start the
world en the way to permanent
Furthermore, and despite some of
the men around the White House who
want the President to run again re-
gardless, the real fact is that he
won't consider running if the war is
He has now achieved all there is
to aehieve in being President. He
has broken precedent of 150 years
by remaining in the White House
three terms. He is sure to go down
in history as one of our great Presi-
Those who have watched the Presi-
dent close-up in the last two years
have seen how his interest in domes-
tic matters is flagging, while all his
attention is focused on the war and
No Willkie Deal . . .
Equally important with winning the
war, the President wants to win per-
manent peace after the war. Wheth-
GRIN AND BEAR IT
er he would be president of a new
league of United Nations, or merely
American representative on it, is a
matter of detail. The main thing is
that he wants to be in there pitching
for permanent peace.
Furthermore, the President has
not worked out any plans or thought
too much about jumping from the
White House to a world peace or-
ganization. He is leaving that until
he sees how the war goes. And
under no circumstances will he show
his hand to the Republicans before
their June convention.
The President has always believed
in playing his political cards close
to his chest, and this time he is play-
ing them closer than ever. He isn't
going to let anyone see what trump
cards he has until he is ready to
(Copyright, 1943. United Features Synd.)
- _ f nyS,,
'When Mom quits working in the plane factory and Pop stong'putting
in so much overtime at the shipyards, maybe welil figure in some of
their post-war planning"
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
* FRIDAY, DEC. 3, 1943
VOL. LIV No. 27
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Schools--Associate Professor H. M.
3. Oral Reports. a. Some Problems
of the General Library-Director
W. G. Rice. b. Centennial Celebra-
tion Volume-Professor W. R, Hum-
4. Special Order. Report on Budget
Principles and Procedures.
5. New Business.
Edward H. Kraus
Rackham Auditorium at 7:15
It will be over before the con-
Apparatus Exchange: The Regents
authorize the sale of scientific appar- Faculty of the College of Literature,
atus by one department to another, .Science, and the Arts: The five-week
the proceeds of the sale to be credited freshman progress reports will be due
to the budget account of the depart- Saturday, Dec. 4, in the Academict
ment from which the apparatus is Counselors' Office, 108 Mason Hall.
transferred, under following condi-
tions. - Choral Union Members will please
call for their courtesy pass tickets to
Departments having apparatushe Clauo Arrau concert today
which is not in active use are advised ibetween the hours of 10 and 12 in the
to send description thereof to the; me rnng, oand f10and 12 he ate
mornng, nd and4 intheafter-
University Chemistry Store, of which noon,adthe andi4sinfthe Uniers
Profsso R. . Crneyis irecor.noon, at the offices of the University
Professor R. J. Carney is director. Musical Society in Burton Memorial.
The Chemistry Store headquarters Tower. After 4 o'clock no tickets will
are in Room 223 Chemistry Building.
An. effort will be made to sell theb
apparatus to o t h e r departments Charles A. Sink, President
which are likely to be able to use it.
In some instances the apparatus may Michigan Dailies wanted for ser-
be sent to the University Chemistry vicemen: Mrs. Ruth Bacon Buchan-
Store on consignment and if it is not an, University Museums, who has for
sold within a reasonable time. it will some time been sending'Michigan
be returned to the department fromsoetm ben edigMcga
which it was received. The object of Dailies to University men in the
this arrangement is to promote econ- armed services, asks that all who are
omy by reducing the amount of un- able to do so send her theirused but
used apparatus. It is hoped that de- unclipped Dailies for this purpose.
paremtns having such apparatus will _
realize the advantage to themselves
and to the University in availing! Graduating Seniors in Arnui
themselve Ufithisityportunity. cal, Civil, and Mechanical Engineer-
hShirley W. Smith ing: Mr. Wesley J. Hennessy, Direc-
___ rey .m tor of Engineering Training of the
To the Members of the University Grumman Aircraft Engineering Cor-
Senate: The first regular meeting of poration, Bethpage, L.I., N.Y., will be
the University Senate will be held inin Ann Arbor all day Monday, Dec. 6,
the Rackham Amphitheatre on Mon- at interviearly art of 19will grad-
day, Dec. 20, at 4:15 p.m. views will be held in Room 3205 East
Secretary, Univesity Se Engineering Building. Interested sen-
io'seUnversity will please sign the Interview
Tle Schedule sheet posted on the Bulle-
tin Board near Room B-47 East En-
erature, Science, and the Arts will gineering Building. Application
meet in Room 1025. Angell Hall, on blanks which are to be filled out in
Monday: Dec.b6 at 4:10 p.m. advance of the interview, may be
AsoendIa: -d--aii n -. h-"'A ,-n -1--a A D Thj.-1
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet today at 4:00 p.m. in Room 319
West Medical Building. "The Sul-
fur-Containing Amino Acids" will
be discussed. All interested are in-
Bacteriology Seminar on Saturday.
Dec. 4, at 8:30 a.m. in Room 1564
East Medical Building. Subject: "Use
of Nutritive Requirements of Micro-
organisms as a Basis for Biological
Doctoral Examination for Elmer
Carlson, Jr., Chemistry; thesis: "The
Rate of Dissociation of Pentaaryle-
thanes," today, 309 Chemistry, at
2:0,0 p.m. Chairman, W. E. Bach-
By action of the Executive Board,
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend this exam-
ination, and he may grant permission
to those who for sufficient reason
might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
Ch oral.Union Concert: Claudio A'-
rau, distinguished Chilean pianist,
will give the fourth program in the
Sixty-fifth Choral Union Concert
Series tonight at 8:30 in Hill Audi-
torium. His program will consist of
numbers by Mozart, Beethoven, Cho-
pin, Liszt, Debussy, Alzeniz and Gra-
Ch4res A. Sink, President
Faculty Recital: The final prograwu
in the current series of School of
Music Faculty Recitals will be pre-
sented at 4:15 p.m. on Sunday, Dec.
5, in Lydia Mendelssohn Theater by
Arthur Hackett, tenor, and Joseph
The public is cordially invited.
t15VILUA, ~o talnean uie ern~im lmliu
1. Consideration of the minutes of mUent Office.
the meeting of Nov. 1, 1943.
2. Consideration of the reports sub-
mitted with the call to this meeting. Officers of the following organiza-
a. Executive Committee-Professor tions, please call the Michiganensiana
J. E. Dunlap. b. Executive Boardsof editorial office this afternoon: Taui
tle Graduate School-Professor G.R. Beta Pi, Phi Kappa Phi, Phi Eta Sig-
LaRue. c. University Council-Pro- ma. Alpha Lambda Delta, Michi-t
fessor J. L. Brumm. d. Senate Ad- gamua, Druids, Sphinx. Vulcans, Tri-,
visory Committee on University Af- angles. Alpha Phi Omega, Theta Sig-t
fairs-Professor 0. S. Duffendack. ma Phi, Alpha Nu, Athena, Inter-'
e. Deans' Conference-Dean E. H. Fraternity Council, Men's Congress,E
Kraus. f. Relations with Secondary Sigma Alpha Iota. Men's Glee Club,
- yMu Phi Epsilon. Bureau of Appoint-
ments, Union Student Organization,
nFv Crgwr itt ITb1n sE f Men's Judiciary.
Exhibition, College of Armhiteeture
and Design: An exhibition of paint-
ings Jby IEugene Dana, and color prints
by Louis Schanker, is presented by
the College of Architecture and De-
sign in the ground floor corridor of
the Architectural Building through
Dec. 28. Open daily, except Sunday,
8:00 to 5:00. The public is cordially
Evet s asody
..Y qL-41 V L/VLiR/U ty %- NsWvuav
Now this committee hearing is
making progress! Santa Claus
You mean he makes a HABIT of
going about in a red suit with
A mythical upstart!flaunting
his acceptance into our culture!
Rif ipso r....,+,.j.., -sur....e itu
Sure, Mr. O'Malley. The
Servicemen are cordially invited to
the drama, "It's Up to You," by
Arthur Arent, which is being staged
by Plau Producptin o f the Denar't-
University Lecture: Dr. Hans Si-