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November 30, 1943 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-11-30

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VOL. LIV No. 24 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, NOV. 30, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Tom Harmon

Is

Reported

Safe

in

Eighth Army Slashes Main

Sangro

River

De enses'

Allied Advance
Perils Adriatic
Winter Lin'
Nazi Counterattacks
Fail To Stem Drive;
Progress Is 'Good'
By NOLAND NORGAARD
Associated Press Correspondent
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, AL-
GIERS, Nov. 29.-Striking with the
same type of fierce night attack that
instilled dread into the hearts of the
Nazis in the African desert, the vet-
eran British Eighth Army has slam-
med into the enemy's main defenses
at two points across the Sangro Ri-
ver, gaining vantage points from
which . additional advances could
make the entire Adriatic end of the
German "winter line" untenable.
Fully aware of their peril, the Ger-
mans fought tenaciously to hold
heights commanding the enlarged Al-
lied bridgehead near the mouth of
the Sangro, and gust as .bitterly to
hold rising ground across the river
from the village of Archi, 13 miles in-
land.
"Good Progress"
The coibined weight of massed
Eighth army artillery, the daylong
bombings of their positions by Allied
planes and the driving onslaught of
troops under. Gen. Sir Bernard L.
Montgomery were too much for the
Nazis, however, and official reports
said the attack near the coast made
"good progress."
In the second bridgehead opposite
Archi a day of heavy see-saw fighting
ended with Montgomery's warriors
holding valued high ground on the
northwest side of the river. It was
disclosed that this second crossing of
the flooded Sangro was first achieved
four days ago by the famous 78th
British division, veterans of "long
Stop Hill" in Tunisia.
Heavy Fighting Continues
Repeated German counterattacks,
with flame-throwing tanks in the
van, failed to halt the offensive, but
extremely heavy fighting continued.
The second thrust across the San-
gro at Archi appeared to put the
Eighth Army astride a lateral road
which has been used by the Nazis to
supply their elaborate defensive posi-
tions behind the River. This strate-
gic highway is several miles back
from the Sangroelsewhere, but oppo-
site Archi it swings down into the
river valley only a mile from the
banks of the stream..
German anxiety over the situation
was reflected in the weight of the
enemy's many counterattacks as well
as in his continued heavy artillery
fire against American positions on
the Fifth Army front.
"It's up to You'
To Make Debut
Play Production Will
Give Musical Drama
Sponsored by the University of
Michigan and the Wastenaw County
Food Merchants, Play Production of
the speech department will present
"It's Up to You," by Arthur Arent,
for the first time at 8:30 p. m. to-.
morrow in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre.
"It's Up to You" is a living news-
paper drama in five scenes and entre
acts. The play will feature a movie,
a loudspeaker, singers and dancers,
and special scenes from a bus, butch-
er shop and on Guadalcanal.
Prof. Windt Directs
Prof. Valentine Windt and Herber
Philippi are directing the drama with
Blanche Holpar in charge of the

dance chereography.
Included in the cast are Barbara
White, Patricia Meikle, May Chosed,
John Hathaway, Thelma Davis,
James Norris, Miriam Ruge, Mar-
jorie Leete, Blanche Holpar, Barbara
Hulbert, Donald Trow, Charles Ben-
jamin, Maida Steinberg, Lucille Ge-
nuit, Marcia Nelson, Paul Davidson,
Ralph Davis, Lillian Moeller, Jean
Westerman, Russell LaDue, Barbara
Greenberg, Eunice Woldhausen, Vir-
ginia Rock and Richard Pease.
Song and Dance
Song and dance routines which
will be featured in the production
are "It's Up to You," "Get the Point,
IA,-- _ . 1!f 4T' 14,r ntra cale 1

"_

Jap Building Wrecked on Tarawa

Rumors Foresee Demands
For Surrender of Germany
Declaration of Peace Terms for Nazis Is
Expected from First Meeting of "Big Three"
By RICHARD G. MASSOCK 0slovak government-in-exile was at-
Associated Press Correspondent tending this conference.
LONDON, Nov. 29.-A declaration German propagandists anticipated
of epochal importance involving a an announcement of such a confer-
possible demand for Germany's sur- ence wi an effort to minimize its
render and signed by President importance.
Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill
DNB Forecasts Conference
and Prenfier Stalin in the first met

American Marines look over the remains of a Jap building blasted to pieces when Tarawa, Jap
stronghold in the Gilberts, was stormed and captured.

RUSSIAN OFFENSIVE:
Soviets Spear Within 12 Miles
Of Zhlobin; Seize 40 Towns

By The Associated Press
LONDON, Nov. 30, Tuesday-Rus-,
sian troops lunging in a pincers upon
Zhlobin-rail hub and fortress guard-
ing the Nazis' Gomel escape gap-
speared to within 12 miles of the city
from the south Monday, and seized
40 villages in a battering offensive.
from the west, the Soviets announced
early today.
One spearhead of Gen. Constantine
Rokossovsky's formations plunged
within 25 miles of Bobruisk, north-
west of Zhlobin and on the same Go-
mel-Minsk railroad, Moscow declared.
The Soviet smashes thus stabbed
closer to the supply system of the
whole southern White Russia line,
pushing the retreating Germans
nearer to the old Polish frontier and
new disaster.
Exploding a renewed charge into
the Dneiper Bend, some 220 miles to
the south, other Red armies wiped
out 1,500 Germans and plunged eight
miles west of Cherkasy, on the west
bank of the Dneiper between Kiev
and Kremenchug, the war bulletin
declared.
In the Kiev salient, 900 Germans
were reported killed and 56 tanks;
wrecked as Soviet forces threw back
heavy new Nazi assaults north and;
east of Zhitomir in the Chernyakhov
Goodfellow
Drive To Take
Place Monday
The annual Goodfellow Drive will
take place on Monday when members
of sororities, fraternities and other
organized groups will man sales posts
on campus and throughout the town
and sell Goodfellow Dailies to pro-
vide funds for the city's charity or-
ganizations.
The drive was launched for the
first time in 1935 when campus lead-
ers determined to begin an all-cam-
pus charity campaign to aid needy
Ann Arbor families and University
students. '.t has been the single char-
ity drive in which all campus organi-
zations have participated.
Last year one third of the goal was
reached by contributions and pledges
from sorority, fraternity and other
campus houses before the day that
papers went on sale. All contribu-
tions should be made out to The
Michigan Daily and sent to the Stu-
dent Publications Building before
Monday.
Persons interested in selling the
Goodfellow Edition should come to
The Daily between 3 p.m. and 5 p.m.
on Wednesday.
Merchants to Back
Bond, Stamp Drive

and Brusilov areas, and Red Army
planes struck heavily at German ar-
mored concentrations. '
Gen. Rokossovsky hit a new blow
from the south seeking to topple
Zhlobin, seizing Stryeshin only 12
miles below Zhlobin, and taking seven
other villages between the Berezina
and Dneiper rivers.
U.S. Planes
Pound Bremen
In Aerial Attack
LONDON, Nov. 29.-(P)-Streaking
through 65-below-zero weather, U.S.,
Flying Fortresses with powerful,
fighter escort continued the mighty
new aerial offensive against Hitler's
Europe today by heaping more de-
struction on the German port of Bre-
men in the second such daylight as-
sault in four days.
In the attack on Bremen, which
suffered a terrific pounding Friday by
a record number of U.S. big planes,
and other European targets during
the day, 13 American heavy bombers
and 18 fighter planes-16 of the lat-
ter American-were reported missing,
while 35 Nazi aircraft were shot
down.
An indication that the RAF was
permitting no slack in the new aerial
drive came tonight when the Nazi-
dominated radio stations at Bremen,
Friesland, Hilversum, Calais and
Luxembourg faded from the air.
Germans Announce
Capture of Thera
LONDON, Nov. 29.-(/P)-The Ger-
mans, continuing their efforts to im-
press Turkey with their strength in
the Aegean, announced today the
capture of Thera (Santorin) Island
north of Crete, while on the other
side of the Balkan Peninsula Yugo-
slav Partisans announced new blows
against Nazi forces trying to hold
down the lid on their rebellious land.
The German radio said Thera sur-
rendered to German naval forces
Saturday night "with all its batteries
and other defense installations."
Since no British troops ever were an-
nounced as landing there, it was as-
sumed that the surrendered garrison
must have been Italian.
Hoffman Accuses OPA
Of Denying Preacher Gas
WASHINGTON, Nov. 29. - () -
The 'Office of Price Administration
was accused today of denying a
preacher sufficient gasoline to per-
form his duties while some labor
union organizers were allowed all
+I .A

Revives Drive
For New Taxes
WASHINGTON, Nov. 29--AP)-The'
Administration renewed its almostI
hopeless campaign for $10,500,000,0001
in new taxes today, but fought offl
suggestions of a federal sales tax.
Secretary Morgenthau told the Se-1
nate Finance Committee the nation's
skyrocketed war income could well
bear that amount of additional taxes
-an argument rejected by the House
when it voted a tax bill cut to $2,140,-
000,000.
Morgenthau and his aides spurned
argumrnents that less government
spending would lighten the tax need
and said a sales tax would be entirely
unfair to low-income families, and
would be more trouble than it is
worth.
The Administration officials open-
ed their renewed plea for heavier tax-
es, knowing that the odds were heavi-
ly against their getting $10,500,000,-1
00 from this Congress.,
An essential part of fighting a war
is paying for it in the right way at
the right time," Morgenthau declar-
ed. "It is a great fallacy to supposeI
that we can fight history's greatest
See TAXES, 'page 4
College Groups
To Meet Here
Committees To Discuss
Problems of Student
How Michigan colleges and univer-I
sities can best meet the needs of stu-
dents currently and after the war will
be discussed here Friday by two com-
mittees of the Michigan College Asso-
ciation in the Rackham Building.
One committee will concern itself
with the questions arising directly out
of the war; the granting of credits to
members of the armed forces for
work done in special programs and
the waiving of the senior residence
rule.
Members of this group will include
Fr. F. J. Quinn, University of Detroit;
Frank G. Copley, Michigan; Dean
Lloyd C. Emmons, Michigan State
College; President John L. Seaton,
Albion; Leslie L. Hanawalt, Wayne
University; David M. Trout, Central
Michigan College of Education; Pres-
ident Arthur Andrews, Grand Rap-
ids Junior College; Earl E. Mosier,
State Department of Public Instruc-
tion, and Robert L. Williams, presi-
dent of the Michigan Association of
Collegiate Registrars.
The executive committee of the
association will meet in concurrently
discussing possible post-war adjust-
ments in curricula.
Drivers Asked to
Steer Clear of Army
Ann Arbor residents are requested
ta mnr rnr fi+lin +Ch.ir drinr

ing of the "big three" is expected-,
on the basis of foreign reports-to
be announced perhaps within a few
days.
It is speculated from reports froml
abroad that such a document, in
terms more precise than the Atlantic
Charter, certainly would state the
peace principles for application to
Germany and her satellites.
Allied officials maintained silence
as to the dates and site of the con-
ference. Axis and neutral comment,
often conflicting, persisted.
Vichy Suggests Place, Time
The Nazi-controlled Vichy radio
said tonight "according to neutral
reports reaching Vichy, Roosevelt and
Churchill have arrived in Cairo and
Stalin, on his way to Egypt, has
reached Teheran. The meeting of the
three statesmen will take place in the
next few days, either in Cairo or Al-
exandria."
Although there is no confirmation,
reports from abroad have persisted
that Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shekj
has joined in the greatest conference
yet on the war and peace strategy of
the United Nations.-
There were reports, too, that Presi-
dent Eduard Benes of the Czecho-
Allies ApproachI
Tb* * *

"Since efforts to bring about this
conference have been made for the
last two years, it would not be sur-
prising if a conference should at last
take place," said DNB in a Berlin_
broadcast.
It is taken for granted in London
that they would join in reaffirming
;he unconditional surrender policyf
and elaborate it with a statement to
the German people of the treatment
they might expect if they aid in
shortening the war by throwing out
the Nazis.
E--
Impair Wear{
Says Axis Propaganda
Is Aimed at Building
Allied Overconfidence
WASHINGTON, Nov. 29.- UP)-
Secretary of State Hull took some of
the wind out of the latest bunch of
ballooning peace rumors today with
a sharp warning that "most of the
time" such reports are put out to
impair Allied prosecution of the war.

China
Grid Star
Lost for
29 Days
Letter from Bunkmate
Gives 'First Spark of
Hope' to Flier's Parents
Word reached Mr. and Mrs. Louis
A. Harmon of 2200 Vinewood last
night that their son, Lt. Thomas
Harmon, former Michigan All-Am-
erican, has been found safe just
twenty-nine days after being report-
ed missing in action over China.
Harmon, one of the four Lightning
pilots lost on a dive-bombing attack
on Kiukiang, a Yangtze river port,
Oct. 30, had been reported missing
in French Guinea in April of this
year in a native settlement after
slashing through the jungle for five
days.
Second Seige Longer
"It's been a longer seige this time,
but he came through again," said
Mrs. Rose Harmon, Tom's 65-year-
old mother on hearing the news. Mrs.
Harmon and her daughter had gone
into Ypsilanti last night to see the
parents of a boy who was Ton's
bunkmate in China.
A letter from him, dated Nov. 6,
said that at least one of the four
men lost on the Oct. 30 mission and
perhaps two more were rumored to
be walking back. One of the men,
he thought, was Harmon.
"Thatboy sure was hard luck," he
said, "It's the second time for him."
His letter reached the Harnons on
their return from Gary, Ind., last
night aftera week's visit at the homne
of their daughter, Mrs. Sally Jensen,
"If anybody's walking back, j
know it's Tom," said Tom's sister,
terming the letter was the "first real
spark of hope we've had so far."
"Always Turns Up"
Coach Fritz Crisler, under' whom
Harmon twice earned All-American
football honors, said, "Tom's the kind
of a fellow who always turns UP.
Just give him a fighting chance and
he'll come through any time."
Since Tom's second disappearance
letters have been pouring in from all
over the country, Mrs. Harmon said.
One youthful admirer had written
"If the Japs got Tom, they'll find out
they ran up against what I call an
All-American boy."
Culbertson To,
Lecture Friday
Author of 'Total Peace'
To Open Conference
opening the annual Post-War
Council conference Ely Culbertson,
author of the newly published book,
"Total1Peace," will lecture on "Plan
for World Settlement" at 7:15 p.m.
Friday in the Rackham Auditorium.
The conference will continue with
student-faculty parleys to be held at
2:30 p.m. Saturday in the Union.
"The Place of Education and Propa-
ganda toward World Organization"
and "Types of World Organization"
are the topics of the afternoon meet-
ings. Tentative list of faculty men for
the parleys includes Prof. H. T. Price

of the English department, Prof.
Claude Eggertson of the School of
Education, Dr. Norman R. F. Maler
of the Psychology department and
Max Dresden of the physics depart-
ment for the first panel. Prof. Pres-
ton Slosson of the history department
and Dr. Jan Hostie, lecturer for the
University War Training Program,
will lead discussion at the second par-
ley.
Ruth Daniels, '44, Chairman of the
Post-War Council, emphasized that
Culbertson's lecture has been sched-
uled early so that those who wish to
attend the Choral Union Concert will
have time to hear the lecture first.
Tickets for the speech will be on sale
from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. tomorrow
through Friday in the League and
Union, on the Diagonal and in the
Engine Arch. In West Quad tickets
will be sold during mess line-up this
week.
Lewis Lecture Now
Set for Dec. 15
News commentator Fulton Lewis,

roonga in orive Hull did not say specifically what
sources spread the peace talk, but it
On Iew Guineal seemed clear that he had Nazi propa-
gandists in mind. The intention, he
told his press conference, is to build
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC ALLIED up overconfidence among the Allies
HEADQUARTERS, Nov. 30, Tues- in the hope that their vigorous at-
day -(P) -Supported by waves of tacks on Germany will be relaxed.
B25's and their own tanks, Austra- A short time before he spoke a
lian infantrymen are closing in on news dispatch from Stockholm quoted
the Bonga, a stubbornly-defended a Svenska Dagbladet account of a
Japanese jungle position northeast story in the Swiss newspaper La
of Sattleberg, New Guinea. Suisse to the effect that Germany
Sattleberg, five miles northwest of had made a new peace proposal for
Finschhafen airfield, was captured submission to Prime Minister Chur-
by the Allies Nov. 26. chill, President Roosevelt and Prem-
A spokesman for General Douglas ier Stalin.
MacArthur, explaining the strategic -- -
value of Bonga, said that although ! i e
Pino Hill has been taken a bulge IC i ese D rive
still remained in allied lines along
the coastal trail. The assault -on n
Bonga is intended to take out this
bulge.
The attack on Bonga was launched CHUNGKING, Nov. 30, Tuesday.
last Saturday. -()-The Chinese High Command
Billy Mitchell medium bombers, announced today that two Japanese
flying at tree-top level, roared ahead divisions, roughly 30,000 men, have
of the Australians, strafing enemy been routed southwest and northwest
lines as the attack began. The next of strategic Changteh in a bitter,
day they blasted the Japanese again' three-day battle and are in full re-

and by Sunday afternoon the Aus-
sies had advanced to within two
miles of Bonga.
Meanwhile, Mosigetta, Marawaka,
and Mutipina airdromes, all on the
southeast coast of Empress Augusta
Bay on Bougainville Island, were at-
tacked heavily by Dauntless and Av-
enger bombers escorted by P-39
fighters.E

treat.i
Easing another threat to the trans-
port center from which drives might
be launched either against Changsha
or Chungking itself, Chinese forces
southeast of Changteh blunted the
thrust of another Japanese column
and turned it back to the north bank
of the Yoan River, the announce-
ment continued.

GRAND JURY TRIAL:
.Former oU' Reoent Resents
Seizure of Confide tal Files

LANSING, Nov. 29.-(-Counsel
for Major Charles F. Hemans, former
regent of the University of Michigan,
disclosed today that files of Hemans'
confidential papers had been seized
by Circuit Judge Leland W. Carr's
one-man grand jury investigating the
legislature.
Hemans, taking note of official rev-
elation by the grand jury that his
name had entered into its investiga-
tion, released through Seymour H.1
Person, his lawyer, a statement de-
claring, "I am guilty of no wrong"
and that any suggestion to the con-
trary would be "preposterous."
+T,. Fn mcs- rrn- t - -. is ttan r4~

State Rep. William C. Stenson,
Greenland Republican, had made a
secret trip to Washington and there
identified Hemans as the man to
whom the legislator had said he gave
$1,000 which a briber had placed in
Stenson's overcoat pocket.
Person said he has prepared a peti-
tion which he will file with Judge
Carr demanding that all papers and
documents removed from Hemans'
residence be returned. He said he
would confer in Washington with
Hemans before deciding whether to
remand. also that .ll mention of the

I

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