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November 18, 1943 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-11-18

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VOL. LIV No. 15 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, NOV. 18, 1943

PRICE FFE C11S

Germans

Launch

New

Counteroffensive

Germans
Capture

{

CruiserI Boise Packed' With British Tommies

Leros Isle.
Tiny Island Succumbs
After Five Days of
Heavy Bombardment
By The Associated Press
CAIRO, Nov. 17.-The tiny but
strategic island of Leros has been
captured by the Germans in five
days of heavy fighting despite a
"most determined resistance" put up
by its British and Italian defenders,
the British Middle East Command
announced today.
The Allied forces were unable to
beat off the Nazis, who subjected
the island's 28 square miles to a ter-
rifie pounding from the air, mean-
while continuing to land reinforce-
ments by boat and by parachute.
The battle, which began with a Ger-
man , landing Friday, ended last
night.
Crete Tactics Used
The Germans' tactics were sim-
ilar to those used in their capture
of Crete in a major victory in this
area 22% years ago, and they won
for Iitler the second largest Dodec-
anese island in three weeks. The
B4ish announced on Oct. 26 the
eacuation of neighboring Cos, 20
milessouth of Leros, under similar
German assault.
(Adolph Hitler used the Leros
victory as occasion for a special
communique from his headquarters
asserting Leros =was taken from de-
fenders "superior in numbers and
armament" and claiming that a total
of .8,550 prisoners had surrendered
-3,200 British troops and 5,350 It-
alian.
British Staff on Carpet
(Loss of Leros to the Germans
brought sharp questioning in Lon-
don of Britain's entire Eastern
Mediterranean tactics. Some sec-
tion of the British. press were open-
ly critical, and there was talk of re-
placing the British Middle East
commander, Gen. Sir Henry Mait-
land Wilson,. but this suggestion
found n6 support in official quarters,
which showed no great alarm at the
turn of events in the Aegean.)
Planes Blast
Two Jap_ Ships
Nip Merchant Marine
Is Object of Attack
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC ALLIED
HEADQUARTERS, Thursday, Nov.
18.-(IP)-Lt.-Gen. George C. Ken-
ney's Fifth Air Force, centering its
attacks on Japan's hard-pressed mer-
chant marine, have scored damaging
blows on two more merchantmen,
General MacArthur's headquarters
reported today.
Catalina Flying Boats, whose re-
cen. night-flying activities have re-
sulted in heavy damage to an enemy
cruiser and the enforced beaching of
a 9,000 ton cargo ship, both in the
general area of Rabaul, went after an
enemy convoy near there and left a
6,000 ton merchant ship in a sinking
condition.
The convoy, consisting of two de-
stroyers, two merchantmen and two
corvettes, was attacked during Mon-
day night and early Tuesday 23 miles
north of Rabaul, moving northwest.
A 1,000 pound bomb and a 250 poun-
der landed forward of the bridge.
When last seen, the ship was lying
low astern.
Tuesday a Liberator bombed a
2,500 ton Japanese merchantman 40
miles northeast of Hansa Bay, New
Guinea, and left it sinking.
Other limited activities reported
today included a 40 ton bombard-
ment of the Kara airdrome on the
south coast of invaded Bougainville,

one of the Japanese fields which have
been kept inoperative and unable to
interfere with the beachhead of Ad-
miral William F. Halsey's forces at
Empress Augusta Bay.
White Cross Plans
Mind. Disarmament
A plan to bring the idea of men-
tal disarmament to people through
organizations already established in
enemy or occupied countries was re-
solved Tuesday at a meeting of the

Packed with British troops and equipment, the U. S. Cruiser Boise pulls alongside the dock in
Taranto Harbor, Italy, on Sept. 9, 1943, one day af ter the official surrender of the Badogio govern-
ment. Men and supplies were quickly debarked for the march up the "boot." (AP Wirephoto).

Kessler, Seltzer
Are Elected as
Board Members
Union Vice-Presidents
Chosen in Heavily
Voted Campus Elections
Karl Kessler, Grad, and Hoe Selt-
zer, '45Med, were elected student
members of the Board in Control of
Student Publications in the heavily
voted campus elections held yester-
day.
John Timms, '45, David Striffler,
'47D, David F. Upton, '45E, and War-
ren Watts, '46BAd, won the Union
vice-president's contest while Keith
Nicolls, '44E, was chosen for senior
representative on the Engineering
Council.
Due to the fact that only one can-
didate's name was submitted in both
the Law and Medical schools, elec-
tions for Union vice-presidents, Bud
Brimmer, '46L, and Donald Mason,,
'44M, were declared unanimously
elected.
Representing the junior class on
the Engineering Council is John Clip-
pert. Arthur Johnson and Harold
Johnson were elected sophomore and
freshman members, respectively, of
the Council.
New Union vice-presidents will at-
tend the installation banquet to be
held at 6:15 p.m. today in the Ander-
son Room of the Union.
Rushees To Register
All freshman and upperclass inde-
pendent *omen who are interested in
rushing may register today and to-
morrow in the Undergraduate Office
in the League, according to Mary
June Hastreiter, '44, president of
Panhellenic. It is imperative that
every woman who intends to go
through rushing period sign up dur-
ing this period.

Roosevelt Says
Allies Possess
Big Advantage
NEW YORK, Nov. 17.-(A')-Presi-
dent Roosevelt said tonight that the
United Nations now had the "su-
preme advantage of initiative" and
their progress could be measured by
the fact that they were producfig
"the most important events of the
war."
"We must not lose this advantage
-the supreme advantage of initia-
tive," he said in a message to the
closing session of the New York Her-
ald Tribune forum on current prob-
lems.
Vice-President Wallace and Wen-
dell Willkie addressed the session in
the Waldorf-Astoria ballroom. Mes-
sages also were read from Prime Min-
ister Churchill and Foreign Minister
Anthony Eden of Great Britain and
General Charles De Gaulle, President
of the French Committee of National
Liberation.
Churchill observed that the forum
was meeting "in the glow of one of
the most cheering developments in
international affairs, the Moscow
Conference," and referred to the
pledge of the United States, the Unit-
ed Kingdom, Russia and China "to
work together not only in winning
the war but in building the structure
of a lasting peace."
Salvage Pickup
To Be Postponed
The pickup for waste paper and
rags which was originally scheduled
for today, will be postponed for
about three weeks, George Gabler,
chairman of the Washtenaw Salvage
Committee, announced.
When the drive is staged all citi-
zens of Ann Arbor and students liv-
ing in sorority houses, co-ops, resi-
dent halls, and League houses, are
requested to contribute all waste-
paper and rags they can find.

Aurand To Visit
Army Units
Here Saturday
Major General Plans
Conference Here with
Commandant Rogers
Maj. Gen. Henry S. Aurand, com-
manding officer of the Sixth Service
Command, will visit the ASTP-
ROTC contingent at the University
Saturday in connection with the
Army Specialized Training Program
and will confer with Col. Frederick
C. Rogers, the commandant here,
military headquarters announced
yesterday.
It was further announced that he
will bring commendations from the
Sixth Service Command Headquart-
ers for the achievements and out-
standing work being done by the
Army here at the University.
Gen. Aurand, born in Pennsyl-
vania in 1894, is one of the Army's
youngest major generals. He re-
ceived part of his education at a
military academy in Pennsylvania,
graduated with a BS degree from
the U. S Military Academy at West
Point and has also attended and
graduated from various Army serv-
ice schools and colleges.
Having accepted a commission as
second lieutenant in the Coast Ar-
tillery Corps in 1915, Gen. Aurand
was transferred as a captain to the
Ordinance Department in 1920. He
was appointed to the General Staff
Corps in September, 1940, and is at
the present time commanding gen-
eral of the Sixth Service Command.
I dent Cards
Are Ready Now
All students who did not receive
identification cards this summer, and
all servicemen who had their pictures
taken this fall may call for them be-
tween 8 a.m. and noon, and 1:30 p.m.
to 4:30 p.m. at Room 2, University
Hall.
The Dean of Students' Office adds
just one note of warning: this year
the pictures were pasted on the cards
with a glue inferior to the rubber
cement formerly used. If the pictures
come off, the student may bring it to
the Dean of Students' office for a re-
glueing. However, if the picture is
lost, he will have to pay the usual
dollar fee for a duplicate.
Kelly Designates
Thanksgiving Date
LANSING, Nov. 17.-(P)-Gover-
nor Kelly, recalling the part
Thanksgiving Day has played in the
American tradition, today issued the
following proclamation, designating
Nov. 25 as Thanksgiving Day:
"On this Thanksgiving Day, let us
breathe a prayer in gratitude that
our cities have been spared destruc-
tion, that our countryside has been
blessed again with a bountiful har-
vest, that we have survived another

Allied Planes
Smash Nazi
Airdromes
Marseilles Air Fields
Receive Hardest Blow
In Weeks by Bombers
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, AL-
GIERS, Nov. 17.-Attacking on a
front more than 1,000 miles, bombers
of the northwest African Air Force
struck their hardest blow of recent
weeks at the Nazi Air Force yester-
day when they smashed enemy air-
dromes near Marseilles in southern
in southern France and in the Athens
area in Greece.
Blistering onslaughts by Flying
Fortresses and Marauders against
fields at Istres Le Tube and Salon
near Marseilles were aimed primarily
at the destruction of fleets of Dor-
nier-217 and other German long-
range bombers that have been har-
assing Allied shipping in the Medi-
terranean. Many grounded bomb-
ers were left flaming at the two en-
emy bases and a tremendous explo-
sion indicated an American bomb
found an ammunition dump.
Another force of Mitchell medium
bombers whipped eastward from
their Italian bases to blast the El-
evsis airfield near Athens for the
second straight day.
While the Allies' Mediterranean
air activity fanned out on an ever
broadening front, ground operations
in Italy were cursed by dismal
weather, with high winds, rain and
snow hampering the movenients of
men and supplies. For a week Al-
lied gains had been measured by
yards instead of by miles, and re-
sumption of major fighting did not
appear imminent.
Milk Rationing
For Detroit
Area Considered
MMPA, Under New
Agreement, To Pay
Class One Milk Prices
DETROIT, Nov. 17.-(IP)-Consid-
ering the question of milk rationing
for the Detroit area, Gov. Kelly's
committee heard further evidence
here today from farm representatives
while the Michigan milk producers
association announced that dealers,
acting under a new agreement, will
pay class one prices for all milk, re-
gardless of use.
Harol Zorlen, state director of the
Michigan United Dairy Farmers Un-
ion, and Donald M. Gay, Milan farm-
er and foe of the Michigan Milk Pro-
ducers Association, gave testimony
today to Robert E. Rich, statemar-
keting agent of the War Food Admin-
istration, and Capt. Donald S. Leon-
ard, State Civilian Defense Director.
Rich and Leonard have the key evi-
dence collectors in the three confer-
ences.
Meanwhile, in Detroit reports con-
tinued to distributors and handlers
of fluid milk that producers in several
sections of the milk-shed would stop
shipments unless they received $4 a
hundredweight for their product.
They now receive $3.36 a hundred-
weight, less transportation charges.

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>Red Army Loses Some
Holds in Zhtomir Area
Russians Advance North Toward Korosten;
Gain in Dnieper Bend and Gomel Region
By JUDSON O'QUINN
Associated Press Correspondent
LONDON, Nov. 17.-The Russians announced tonight that the Germans
had forced them to abandon a few populated places in the Zhitomir-
Korostyshev region of the northern Ukraine, indicating that the Germans
had launched a new counteroffensive against the underside of. the Red
army's salient in the west.
This setback, the first announced by the Soviet command in weeks
of steady progress along a wide front, was described only briefly in the
daily Soviet Communique, which reported continuing gains in the Dnieper
bend and in the Gomel area to the north.
Large forces of German infantry and tanks smashed heavily at the
southern flank of the salient at Zhitomir and Korostyshev, 15 miles to the
- east, said the Moscow Communique,
recorded by the Soviet Monitor from
F ood Subsidy a broadcast.
The Russians fought stubbornly,
said the bulletin, but under the ter-
rific pounding of the German forces
Snag in Capitol gave way.
fld Q Reds ake 50 Towns
At the same time the Russians
forged ahead in their drive to clear
Plan To Hold Down out the Dnieper River bend to the
Bread Price Meets south of the Zhitomir region.
. North of Zhitonmir, in the salient
Specific Opposition now under German attack, the Rus-
sians captured over 50 towns and
WASHINGTON, Nov., 17.- ()- hamlets as they surged north and
The broadest food price subsidy pro- west toward Korosten, a major rail
gram yet-a $9,000,000-a-month plan junction, and the Leningrad-Korb-
to hold down the cost of bread-ran sten railway.
head-on into specific opposition on Farther north in the Rechitsa
area where the Russians were.,in
Capitol Hill today while the storm of position to outflank Gomel and drive
congressional and farm protest from the railway junction of Kalii-
against food subsidies in general rose kovichi. Six German strongpoints
to new fury were captured and the Russiazis
drove into the western outskirts of
Senator Reed (R-Kas.) tackled the the town of Rechitsa.
break price issue ahead of its formal North of Gomel where the Rius-
announcement, saying he understood sians had a bridgehead across the
the subsidy to millers was planned at Sozh River in further menace
about 14 cents a bushel and adding: this almost surrounded city, the
army improved its positions 88 it
"I'm still opposed to it. It's, just fought to extend the bridgehead
part of the subsidy program to which area.
Congress is overwhelmingly opposed. Gomel Shelled
But that doesn't seem to make any Moscow dispatches said Ruslan
difference to those birds." artillery was heavily shelling Qo.
mel's outskirts and three of th.e
It was learned that the bread pro- railroad lines that lead into the city
gram, including a ceiling price on have now been cut. Threatened by
bard wheat, awaits only the signa- the Soviet advance was the German
ture of Fred M. Vinson, Economic major escape route from the city--
Stabilization Director, expected this the Gomel-Minsk railway.
Other Russian advances were
Meanwhile, opponents of payments made north of Kiev in the lower
to cut consumer prices added new reaches of the Pripet River
force to their attack with a parade of Moscow was silent on ther.
state agriculture commisioners n teCienPnnua
farm leaders before the Senate Agri- in the CrimeaCP eaw
culture Committee. rsin hed rtheaPwhere lne
E. H. Everson, South Dakota Sec- Russians hedth Peekop
retary of Agriculture, led the drive,igefog d r o-
contending that the end result of izing both sides.
consumer price subsidies is inflation.
Subsidy supporters call the pay- Ickes Orders
ments anti-inflationary, arguing that
they are necessary to hold the line on
living costs as a bar to demands for
compensating wage increases.
Prof. Karl Young, To Negotiate
Michigan Grad, Dies Government To Give
Word was received here yesterday Up Mines as Soon as
that Prof. Karl Young, a University Contract Is Agreed On
of Michigan graduate of 1901, died
suddenly yesterday at New Haven, WASHINGTON, Nov. 17.-(MP)-A
Conn. new start was made today toward
Well known to members of Michi- negotiation of a contract between
gan's faculty, Prof. Young received John L. Lewis' United Mine Workers
his AB in English and also received and owners of soft coal mines.
a LL. D. from Michigan in 1937. He At the invitation of Secretary of
taught English at the University of Interior Iclies, now operating the
Wisconsin from 1908 to 1923, and mines for the government, Lewis and
taught at Yale from 1923 to the operators representing a majority of
time of his death. the soft coal tonnage sat down to-
gether in a conference room at the
R: "interior department. They talked
for two hours in a haze of blue cigar

smoke and agreed to meet again to-
ing Officers- mAt the same time, there were re-
d ~portsth:
.aAnthracite operators are ready to
undertake negotiation of a contract
and may meet with UMW represent-
the new WAVE is a full-fledged sea- atives next week.
man ready for special training in a Some operators are ready to with-
chosen field or assignment to active draw from the Appalachian Wage
duty. Conference, which has been the prin-
Following Recruit School, depend- cipal agency for negotiation of soft
ing upon the needs of the Navy, a coal wage contracts, and a new agen-
WAVE may be ordered to a duty sta- cy may be established tomorrow.
tion at once or she may be assigned Ickes has indicated that the UMW
to one of the many Naval Training and mine owners must agree on a
Schools for advanced training. Some contract before the government will
of the Training Schools are radio, relinquish control of the mines which
Miami University; storekeeper, Geor- it seized after the general strike of
gia State College for Women; yeo- Nov. 1.
man, Iowa State Teachers College; Since any contract agreement must
aerographer, Naval Air Station, Lake- be submitted to the War Labor Board
hurst, N.J.; mail clerk, Naval Train- for approval, the renewal of negotia-
ing School. Sampson. N.Y.: control tions may mark the first sten. too.

FIRST LECTURE TODAY:
Will Rogers, Jr., Will Speak
On 'U.S. in Foreign Affairs'

Congressman Will Rogers, Jr., son
of one of the best loved humorists of
our time, will speak on "The United

torical Association, will be introduced
by Prof. James K. Pollock of the po-
litical science department.
Elected into Congress directly from
the Army in a campaign which con-
sisted of one radio broadcast, he was
appointed to the important Foreign
Affairs Committee of the House of
Representatives. Although he is ac-
tually the Hollywood representative
in the House he prefers to consider
himself as representing the soldier.
A graduate of Stanford University,
he spent several months before the
advent of World War II covering the'
war in Spain for his own newspaper
in California.
The resemblance between Con-
gressman Rogers and his late father
is so startling that members of the
House and the press are already call-
ing him a "chin off the old block."

47,000 QUOTA FOR YEA
WAVE Recrui
To .Be Statione
27,000 women in blue. 27,000 wo-
men who are now releasing Navy men
from control towers at air fields,
Naval hospitals, and many other Nav-
al shore establishments. 27,000
WAVES are now serving their coun-
try and 20,000 more are urgently
needed at the rate of 1,000 a week in
order to reach the goal of 47,000 by
the end of the year.
To help fill this quota two Naval
recruiting officers from Detroit, En-
sign Jean Courtney and Sp. (R) e/c
Harriet Simonson, will be stationed
in the League for the week beginning
Monday, Nov. 22.
After donning the Navy blue which

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