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November 17, 1943 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-11-17

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.~i ~ I U

Fifty-Fourth Year

Badoglio, King Emmanuel Are Unpredictable;
Revolution May Be Only'Outlet for Italian People

.. I

.ditedt and managed by students of the University of
6icliigen under the authority of the Board in Contra)
fit stud!ent Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press 18 exclusively entitled to the use
ror republication of all news dispatches redited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper, All rights of repub-
ication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
saecond-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.50, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43'
Editorial Staff

ARSHALL BADGLIO in his interview
with the American press last week laid sole
blame for Italy's entry into' the war, and for its
conduct at all times on Mussolini, and took none
of the- respensbilfty upon himself for his own
Mussolini's overthrow, contended Badoglio,
was- the work of the, Fascist. officials, and he
stepped in only when called upon to do so by a
sunmnons fronv the King. When H-eIrbert L..
Matthews of- the New York "Times" reminded
him of the meeting. in Ethiopia, Badoglio said,*
"Those were better times for Italy." This would
seem that the Marshall did not turn against
Il Duce because of hie invasions or lack of in.
vasions, but because Mussolini failed to pick the
right horse.
Throughout his interview Badoglio repeat-
edlf promised that he would resign office im-
Mediately after fighting ceased and the Ger-
mans were overthown. -Even more recently he
stated that h'e would resign after the Allies
reached Rome, rather than have the King ab-
dicate. Iz light of Badogio sentiments toward
Faseism, it seems impossible that he will keep
Ils promises when the time comes for him to
resign, nor- would it be any better for the King,
with' his Fascist tendencies, to remaiu, if -Ba..

doglio would resign after the Allies reiwh
BADOGLIO, before.he made his statement to
the press that he would resign when the
Allies reached Rome, approached Count Sforza
and other liberal leaders of Italy, with hopes of
forming a coalition government. Count Sforza,
however, has stated that he has returned to
Italy as a private citizen, and that his only in-
terest in the government and the country was to
help rid it of the Nazis.
Before a coalition government can be formed,
hoisever, the problem of a monarchy must be
solved. Count Sforza and other prominent anti-
Fascists in.Italy are willing to adjust and settle
the differences concerning the government, and
maintain the crown as a symbol if King Victor
and his heir abdicate in favor of Crown Prince
Umberto's six-year old son.
One snag faces this arrangement. A statute
of 1938 requires that in the case of a regency
the next of kin to the King must be named
regent. Prince Umberto, the heir to the throne
and Victor Emmanuel have followed Fascist
dictates for so long, that they coddn't possibly
rule as regents without using many of the
doctrines of Fiscism. They must be ousted and
not allowed to have anything further to do
with the government.
Thus, a government under Badoglio, who, it
seems, will never keep his promises either to
resign after the Nazis are ousted from Italy, or
when the Allies reach Rome, and a regency under
the present government statutes, are not the
solutions to Italy's governmental problems. Per-
haps the revolution, which was evaded because
of .Allied intervention and occupation in Italy,
would be the sole solution to the problem, which
to date has left the Italian people without a
government that they can depend upon.
-Agatha Miller

2~ if] he &di o
Criticism Necessary...
MISS PETERSON'S recent editorial
on Reperesntative Dondero as-
serts that our American statesmen
should refrain from making remarks
wherever our gallant Allies are con-
cerned. As she says, "we must not
let men like Representative Dondero
nullify the wonderful results achieved
by the Moscow conference."
It would seem to me, however, that
her proposition, if it is to carry any
weight, must work both ways. The
British have continually made re-
marks, through their press, ridiculing
our Congress. It was they who first
quipped about our five Senators tour-
ing the war fronts. Now we find the
Russians filling our country with
propaganda. We, I presume, are to
stand idly by like little Punch and
Judys while our Allies make. puppets
of us.
If there is to be any kind of peace
between our Allies and ourselves,
we all must mind our own internal
business Do we fill Russia with
propaganda advocating a democ-
racy there? Do we advise the Brit-
ish Parliament on whom they
should chose for Prime Minister.
No! We have left their internal
policies entirely tq the British and
Russian people. Is it too much to
ask or expect that our internal
policies should be left to ourselves?
It would seem to me that it-is any
American statesman's duty 't keep
the public informed about, any ac-
tivity, no matter whom it concerns,
if it threatens that which we are
fighting for-our democracy.,
If that harmony which Miss Peter-
son refers between Russia and the}
United States is to become a reality,
then it must be initiated within Rus-
sia itself. The Russians must keep,
their Red noses out of our internal
affairs. What we do within the Unit-
ed States is up to God and ourselves
and no one else !
-John C. Timms
Truth Should He Told.. .
IN AN editorial in The Daily of Nov.
14, Doris Peterson chastizes Rep.
Dondero for his "bad taste' 'in voicing
his disapproval of Russia's sending
to this country in returning leid-
lease ships printed propaganda.-


By Lichty

-Marion Ford ,
Jane Parrant . .
Claire Sherman .
Marjorie Borradaile
1Ed Zalenskl .
Betty Harvey ..
Hilda, Slautterback
Doris Kuentz . .
Molly Ann Winokur-
- Ejiabeth- Carpenter
Martha Opsion.

Managing Editor
. Editorial Director
. .- City Editor
. Associate Editor
. Sparts Editor,
Women's- Editor -
* . . Columnist
Sta ff
- Business Manager
Ass't.Bus. Manager
. Aes't Bus. D thnager
12 . t.. , , -

' .i F ¢443, ~Ofgo Times,1i1a.

_ .

, a nol atj

---- -- .-------~ - - - -~-

"-And look into the future' Some day, you'll want to
outside fireplace and grill to'burn the mortgage-- or
knows -i maybe even to cook a steak!"

use, ths


.F Tetephone ZJ-14-I
Ediforials published i The Michigan Daily
are written-mby members of The- Daily stf.
and represent the views of the writers ont i
Students Pledge Today
To Winning War, Peace
FOUR YEARS AGO today Jan Opletal, a 24-
year-old studen't of medicine at the Unlversiy
of Prague died because he demonstrated against
Thousands' of students who attended his
funeral were murdered or shipped to con-
centration camps by fhe Nazis. Al CzchosIo-
vakian universities were closed by- order of the.
Gestapo. - -
A few students escaped the wrath of the
Nazis and made their 'way to Lontdon. They
sought some means of commemorating the-
deaths of their friends. In London in 1941 stu-
dents from Britain, Russia, China, America andI
underground groups in conquered nations dedi-
cated November 17 as International.. Students
day of dedication for students, throughout
the world. Students and teachers everyWhere.
who have been affected by the vicious attack of
the fascists on free democratic education will be
remembered.", We, the students who are yet free,
pledge ourselves, in observing this day, to devote
all our energies to! the winning of the war and
the peace.
We,- who are students in a free democracy,
must work so that, in the words of the Inter-
national Students Council: "November 17, 1944,
will be joyfully celebrated in the streets of Paris
and Peiping, of Kiev, Warsaw and Belgrade, of
Brussels, Amsterdam, Athens and Prague.''
Kathie Sharfman

C 5. Agreed. - ertafiily.
Gr "he'dRather Be Right with Sam
And we like riding Pearson's bucking "Merry-r
Go-Round.' - -
We listen when someone begins, "My
friends . .
-We -know that truly "now is the time for all
good men to come to the aid of their party."
But to these phrases weadd: We're in a
All of this generation is on the speed-up line
t We've got to be; its not a matter of choice.
We've got to find the answers. We know the
cltestions ... our parents asked them over our
cradles and while teaching us to wash behind
our ears. The questions that grew out of World
War I, out of the boom that followed . . our
parents asked them o,, the Black Friday of the
stock market crash, and the Saturday of the
Bank Holiday. They asked them' when the
NIRA, AAA, WPA, CCC", IYA, FHA were born.
They asked them until they were sobusy asking'
that they couldn't find the answers.
They didn't see-that they had-only so much
time to find the- solutions. They forgot that
some day an alarm clock would go off: time's
' up! They -looked aron- so1ehat aimless-
ly;soretMes - r etlessy-yes, they looked for
the answers. But not soon enough; not hard
enough; not practically enough. Each took his
* lofe candle and searched alone for the light.
They weren't in the- hurry that we are in. -;We
are fighting World War I. We are talking about
post-war prdblebns. - We are studying, interna-
tional cartels, race discrimination, political cor-
ruption; labor-management committees, chronic
industrial slack, the foreign policy of the State
Department;' the American Fascists who much
prefer a Hitler victory to a recognition of Rus-
siW's part in Allied plamiing.
sii; *e c re whether the Tigers- win that dou-
ble header. We study for blue-books and stay up
all night typing research papers. We drink cokes
anld talk-we smoke and knit and write letters
and dance.
< Butbehind it all, we know that this genera-
tion - has got to be in a hurry about fulfilling
mottoes lke "Making the World Safe for
Deiooracy." We'Ye got tq make the Four
Freedom live in the United States at the same
time were fighting for them all over the world.
We've got to maintain the revolutionary tradi-
tion of the wars of 1776 and 1861-wars to
create a new ,world for a new breed of men
... free men.
First1 we -must destroy-but we can't stop
there. The Revolutionary War wasn't .ended in
1783, it had to be written first into- the Consti-
tution and the Bill of Rights. The Civil War
couldn't end- with Lee's surrender. couldn't end
till reconstruction- began.
That's why: we're in a hurry to win the war
. so' that we can stop destroying and start
creating again. Creating the land of plenty
our' immigrant ancestors dreamed of. The
land of opportunity and equality for whidh
minority groups have searched the globe. The
land where one hundred hirty million people
believe that the pursuit of happiness is, their
birth :right.
Many- of our predecessors in this sanctified
spot- have written their pieces day after day,
waiting till their last column to- heave their
books at the pillars of Angell Hall and tramp off,
diplomas in hand.
- But since we're I A Hurry this year, we'd
like to start off 1943-44 by taking careful aim,
pausing for effect, and throwing our academic
tools at that hallowed building with its noble
Then, the decks cleared for action, we can start
out-where the others-left off trying to find out
why we felt in a. bok-throwing mood, and
arranging things -so -that -future columnists

I'd Rather
Be Right
The price for a square meal in occupied Europe
today is revolution against the Nazis, or a rea-
sonably exact facsimile. The new United Nations
relief organization, which Mr. Lehman heads, is
willing to feed Europe on those terms, for that
But Mr. Herbert Hoover, persisting in his ef-
forts to feed the hungry peopleQf Europe at
Once; demands that we ifurnish food without re-
quiring any price
What would happen if we accepted Mr.
Hoover's plan? We would then use Swiss and
Swedish agents ,operating throughout the coii-
quered countries, to succor starving women and
children. We would ease their lot, certainly, and
we would relieve the minds of their husbands,
their sons, and also of their Nazi puppet rulers.
At the same time we would be hard at work in
the skies, bombing day and night, in an attempt
to bring about exactly the opposite effects. We
would have one great organization, our air forces,
killing non-combatants as well as combatants,
doing its uttermost to reduce European morale,
to itcrease European tensions, to destroy trans-
port, which is the same as destroying food and
clothing. Simultaneously, under the Hoover con-
ception, we would have another great organiza-
tion bringing in food, soothing unrest, and post-
poning the breaking point. Mr. Hoover's pro-
posal, for all its weighty humanitarianism, would
actually grind the people of Europe between
upper and nether millstones; postponing both
victory through force, and victory through revolt.
It is a horrid thing to say that food should not
be sent to any women and any children, any-
where. But Mr. Hoover's trouble is that he dis-
entangles -this one horror from all the horrors
of war, then fascinates himself contemplating
it, as it stands all alone. But it does not stand
alone. It stands in a field of horrors, of which
air bombardment is one, and of which the
scorched earth policy, by which Russia rendered
millions of its own people homeless and hungry,
is another. Do we deny food to French women
and children? So does every French patriot who
blows up a railroad line, or who sabotages a
powerhouse. He thereby helps to starve and
freeze his own, and he does it (and this is no
paradox, though it sounds like one) because that
is the quickest way to end a situation in which
his own are freezing and starving
The Russians denifd thW German soldiers
houses in which to sleep during winter, at the
heavy cost of burning those houses, and freez-
ing their own people. The French underground
works- day and night to disorganize the econ-
omic life of France, destroying factories, dis-
rupting the rationing system, blowing up
mines; though it knows that the immediate
cost is tsore suffering for France. What is
sabotage except a delayed scorched-earth
Those horrors are committed by men who hate
horrors, and as the only end to horror. It is into
the presence of these great forces, moving to
their speedy climax, that Mr. Hoover would in-
trude with hismoralities and ameliorations',
But I wonder if Mr. Hoover understands that
the Russians,,who burnt their villages, were real-

If theequestions are to be antwer-
ed postively we are sure ter:be< "left
holdi the bag in internatioanal
politics and o4 representative gov-
erninent is doomed.
The queston is not whether or not
we should offend Russia, but whether
a Congressman should tell Congress
what he finds to be the truth.
Perhaps 'Iiss.Peterso'' would pre-
fer to -have us overlook the facts,
as long as Russia is accepted as- a
friend. We refused to accept the facts{
when . Japan professed friendship.
The result of that should have taught
us a lesson. Lee Wil iauns
Antir-PoD Tax Bil...
S ANTI-POLL ta bill has al-
readyr been passed by the House
and is now up for consideration in
the Senate. There's no- doubt ingny
mind but that it Vill be passed in
the Senate too providing a vote is
And that is the wrench in the
machinery. There is a-'democratie'
process knoWn as filTbustlerintt
which allows an insignificant min-
ority to keep any bill tihey. dislike
fromK being called up for a votd.
Thetefore it is especially importanta
that everyone write to his Senator to
pass a rule of cloture which will fdrce
a- vote after a designated period- is
allotted to discussion. And ask him
to be certain .to be present when the

vote is called, and of course to vote
for ;the bill, HR.7.
In order to make our democracy
a total one, in order to unify all
people in~ our cofntry so that there
i. greater strength to carry on the
war,,and in order to complete the
uncompleted job of the Civil War-
it is very important tht the Alnti-
poll Tax Bill be passed.
We are fighting against an ideology
which subordinates "inferior races"-
how -can we reconcile the loss of our
boys for such principles with- our
lethargy to rid our own country of
such similar practices. Let's really
keep the home tires burning.
Sara Chapman
There has been no breakdown. thus
far in over-the-road transportation
directly -affecting the movement of
war freight. Indeed, there is every
indication that the motor carriers
will handle an een greater excess in
the last half of this year than the 15
percent increase as cbmpared With
1941- which was predicted early in
the eurent tWelve months by the
Office of Defe'ise 't'asportation.
However, this increased dfrect war
dad is- being cafried at the expense
of civilian traffie, Mdh of-which is
essefitfal to the war and to the busi-
ness of the nation.
-New York. Times

Does friendship with another
nation necessitate the complete
closing of our eyes to the intentions
and activities of that nation?
Should a member of our national
legislature, in whose hands we Nhve
placed much of the welfare of our
country, be prevented fromt report-
ing what he sees to be the facts?


.,._ _
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WEDNESDAY, NOV. 17, 1943_
VOL LIV No. 14 -
All notices for the Daly Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
pm. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.

Strict Enforcement of
Anti-Strike Bill Needed
WITH ALL FOUR employer members and three
public members of the War Labor Board un-
officially advocating stricter control over labor
unions, it may be expected that Congress will
take up the matter shortly.
John L. Lewis was the first to breach the
line and force an Administrative surrender.
Now several other groups are following in his
footsteps. M1ore than 1,0O0,000 non-operating
railway. employees are preparing to take a
strike vote which will result in the probable
authorizatIon of a work- stoppage. A general
CIO move to break the Littre Steel Formula
seems to b in "the making with the United
Steel Workers leading in the effort. Officials
of the herieaft Federation of Labor are l4ok-'
ing in the same direction.
The weakness of the Smith-Connally Act, a
make-shift sort of colnpr'omise in the first place,
is becoming more and more apparent as- the
labor situation bebomes more and more critical.
The outstanding flaw in the Act is that its pro-
visions for strike prohibition are not- effective
until after the Government has taken over the
industry. concerned. Government seizure for
the purpose of dealing with strikes-is an injustice
to employers who bear the brunt of government
punishment, rather than the strikers.
Not onlv is the Smith-Connally Act weak

Conservation of Public Utilities:
It is urged that every meMber of the
University community, faculty, stu-
dents, clerks, and other employees,t
constitute himself or herself a com-
mittee of one to contribute in every
reasonable way to the end that there
shall be no waste of electricity, wa-
ter, gas, oil, coal, or of communica-1
tions or transportation service. This1
notice is in behalf not only of the
University administration but of var-
ious United States Government au-3
University Lecture: Dr. Albert H.
Burrows, Professor of Economics and
Sociology at Northern Michigan Col-
lege of Education, will lecture on the
subject, "Social Problems of the or-i
themn Peninsula" under the auspices
of the Department of Sociology on
Friday, Nov. 26, at 4:15 p.m. in- the
Rackhan Amphitheatre. The public
is invited.
Academic Notices
To all male students in the College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
By action of the Board of ' Regents,
all male students in residence in this.
College must elect Physical Educa-
tion for Men. This action had been
effective since June, 1943, and will
continue for the duration of the war.
Students may be excused from,
taking the course by (1) The Vni-
versity Health Service, (2) The Dean
of the College or by his representa-

considered after the end of the third
week of the Fall Term,
The Administrative Boaird of the
College of Literature, Selenee
and the Arts
Students, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: No course- nay
be elected for credit after the end of
the third week of the Fall Term.'
Nov. 20 is th'vrefore the last date on;
which new. elections may be ap-
droved The: Willingnessof an indi-
vidual iistrctor to admit -a student
later does not affect -the operation of
this rule. E. A. Walter
School of Education Students: No
course may.be elected for credit after
Saturday, Nov. 20. Students must re-
port all changes of elections at: the
Registrar's Office, Room 4,.University
Hall.'* Membership in a class does not
cease nor begin until all changes have
been thusofficially registered. hAr-
rangeMnents 'made with the instructor
are not official changes.
German -Departmentat Library
hours, Fall _Term 1943-44: 1:304:30
p.m., Monday through Friday; 10:00-
12:00 a.m., Tuesdays and Saturdays,
204 University. Hall.
C.on certs--
Faculty- Recital: Wassily Iesekir-
sky, violinist, and Joseph Brinkman,
pianist, - wil be heard in -thesecond
program of a series of three recitals
by members of the School of Music
faculty,' at 4:15 Sunday: afternoon,.
Nov. 21, in Lydia Mendelssohn Thea-
tre. Professrs' Besekirslty and Brink-
man have -arranged a program com-
prising the three sonatas for violin
and piano by Brahms. It will be open
to the general public without charge.
Events Today
Researsch Clubt wilt. meet is the-

photographs, and refreshments. Ev-
erybody welcome.
The Merit Comrittee will meet to-
day in the Undergraduate Office of
the League at 4:30 p.m.
Post-WarCouncil Public Panel.on
"The United Nations: - What They
Are and What They May Become,"
with Professors Hostie, Laing, and
Maurer participating at 7:30 tonight
in the League. Everyone welcome.
Red Cross Standard First Aid Class
wily meet tonight at 7:00 at Betsy
Barbour. Interested women are asked
to come
The Association Music Hour will
present the first section of Bach's
"St. Matthew Passion" tonight at
7:30 at Lane Hall.
The La Crosse Club will meet today
at °4: 30 .p.m.-6n, Palmer Field.
The Rifle Club will meet today 4:30
p.m. , in the WAB. No experience
-necessary to join. Instruction will be
The Discussion Group of the Michi-
gan Dames will-meet tonight at 8:15
at the home-of-Mrs. W. L. Lenz, 1109
Prospect Street. Subject for discus-
Sion, "Juvenile- Delinquency."
Zoology Club will nmeet on Thur>,-
day, Nov. 18,- at 7:30 in the Rackham
Amphitheatre. Mr. L. Edward Perry
will speak on the "Biology and Eco-
nomic, Significance of.-the Peaknose
Cisco of Bear Lake, Idaho and Utah."
A.I.Ch.E. will meet on Thursday,
Nov. 18, at 7:30 p.m. in the Union.
]D. G. G. Brown, chairman of the
Department of Chemical Engineer-
ing, will speak. All chemical engi-
neering students are urged to attend.
A Red Cross Surgical Dressings
Unit will open at Hillel Foundation
on Thursday, Nov. 18, from 1:00 to
5:00 p.m. To comply with Red Cross
edgulations, each volunteer must wear




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