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March 18, 1944 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-03-18

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By SAMUEL GRAvToN

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M ~ - _^
Edited and managed by students of the University of
NMihigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-'
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
* Member of The Associated Press
The associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Seibscrsptisns daring the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44

NEW YORK, March 17.--HALFWAY HOUSE:
The U.S. Government had Badoglio where it
wanted him. It had him parked in Halfway
House, somewhere between heaven and earth,
between recognition and non-recognition. The
motto which hangs over the door of Halfway
House is "Yes and No," ornamented with doodles.
All the leases in Halfway House are short
leases.. Badoglio kept his room only on the
promise that he would quit it when Rome was
taken. He was exactly what we desired for
Italy; he was the Italian government when we
wanted an Italian government, and he was no

1/ye P~endulum

Editorial Staff

Jane farrant
Claire Sherman
Stan Wallace
Evelyn Phillips .
Harvey Fr.nk
J7 Ann Peterson .
Mary Anne Olson
Tarjorle Rosmarin

. . Managing Editor
. .Editorial Director
City Editor
Associate Editor
. . Sports Editor
Associate Sports 'Editor
Associate Sports Editor
. . Women's Editor
Associate Women's Editor
Staff
Business Manager
Ass't Business Manager

Business
Eiusabeth Carpenter .
Margelatt .

Telephone 23-24-1
NIHT EDITOR: LOUISE COMINS
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers onily.
T4XO SECRET:
Oil Contract Should Be
Legislated by Congress
J N THE MATTER of foreign affairs it has long
been understood that the President is to have
full control, involving secrecy if necessary, over
relations with other countries. Thus the oil
piPEline contract with Saudi Arabia was signed
by Ickes on the basis that President Roosevelt
and his executive offices have been granted
blanket authority and appropriations to under-
take anything leading toward effective prose-
cution of the war.
However, the whole .matter is concerned over
post-war oil supplies and not with obtaining
the petroleum products .for use in this war.
Already formal contracts are expected to be
signed this week for .the construction work
and -eggineers are awaiting transportation to
the Near East.. Yet there is no possibility that
the pipeline will be completed in time to aid in
the war.
Roosevelt admitted as much in a recent press
conference when he said he was thinking in
terms of an American oil supply five years after
the war is over. Thus Congress is brought into
she picture, if this project is not to be considered
a war necessity. Joint resolutions of both houses
will be needed to approve the initial expenditure
of $150,000,000
>1E ENTIRE air of secrecy and mystery that
has covered the deal has led many to believe
that -economic reasons of a few large oil concerns
have .promoted the agreement for their own
profit. The controlling companies that will
handle the oil carried in this government-built
pipe are The Standard Oil Company of Cali-
fornia, The Gulf Oil Company and The Texas
Company.
Federal officers, including Ralph Davies,
chief assistant to Petroleum Administration
for War, have been charged with using their
.government positions to arrange a fine busi-
ness deal fnr the private companies with which
these men had served for many years before
the wa ri
As leader of the opposing companies, meaning
the 55 who ara not in on the control, James
Moffett has estimated the cost of oil transporta-
tion by this pipeline at 42 cents a barrel. He
compares this with 11 cents a barrel it costs to
use oceangoing tankers between the same points.
House action was taken this week when two
members, John Coffee (Dem., Wash.) and
Jerry Voorhis (Dem., Calif.) disclosed that
"an adverse report on the oil project had been
concealed and ignored" by the State Depart-
ment when it approved the deal.
This and a suspicion of the Department of
Interior has led to the appointment of an 11-
man.Senatorial committee to investigate oil re-
sources of the United States and the advisability
of the Near Eastern pipeline. The findings and
recommendations of this group promise to bring
to light many of these behind-the-scene dealings
and alleged unconstitutional executive actions
that have assumed the proportions of a national
scandal. -Dorothy Potts
Senator Gets Caught.. ..
Kelly Miller often told the story of a Negro in
Alabama who wrote his United States Senator,
asking: "What is democracy?"
The Senator, thinking that the inquirer was a
white man, promptly answered: "Democracy

T HE POST-WAR COUNCIL discussion of the
Russo-Polish border dispute churned up a
number of slightly partisan but indirectly illum-
inating facts. Among these was the agreement
of all who participated that Russia suspects Pol-
and's integrity. One speaker went so far as to
say "Russia suspects everyone." With char-
acteristic and probably unavoidable superficial-
ity, the panelists did not inquire into the reasons
for Russia's a1titude.
They failed to note the original feeling, for
which the word "distrust" is mild, that the
Western Powers directed against Russia from'
the first day the Bolshevikitook over. Eng-
land, France and the United States have not
to this day'completely relented in their hostil-
ity towards a nominally communist country
whose revolutionary armies they had fought
in the beginning and continued to fight, by
political extention, ever since.
Our far sighted press looked upon the USSR
with undisguised abhorrence.. We sought to dep-
recate the new Russia by refusing to recognize
its government until 1933. We excluded Russia
from international councils, and when, with great
reluctance on our part, Russia finally gained
admittance to theLeague of Nations, her repre-
sentative-Maxim Litvinov-found himself alone
in an unsuccessful effort torouse the world into
an awareness of the need for collective security.
If Litvonov's words fell on deaf ears, those of
disaffected left-wingers like Max Eastman and
Eugene Lyons did not. Scores .of visitors like
them and guest engineers and horrified clergy-
men came back from Russia to ply us with half-
truths about the deplorable condition of this
commisar-saddled people.
DO NOT wish to white-wash Russia of its
many, varied and undeniable black marks. But,
this matter of suspicion we cannot blame on
Stalin and Co. As long ago as 1936 Soviet Rus-
sia was sending men and material to Spain
when the first citadel of democracy fell before
the initial onslaught of Nazi-Fascism. Com-
munist Russia aided the republic of Spain, while
the USA sent munitions to mix with German
tanks and Italian planes on the Phalangist side.
For over two decades Russia had been thus
rebuffed, the outcast, shunted bad boy nation of
Europe. Still in 1938 when Hitler poised his
army for the seizure of Czechoslovakian Sudet-
enland, Stalin offered tc protect the soon to be
attacked model democracy. Not only did Eng-
land and France renege again this time in viola-
tion of solemn treaties, but they actually abetted
Hitler in the emasculation of Czechoslovakia.
This low water-mark of appeasement politics
came to a head at the infamous Munich Con-
ference. Russia, as usual was not called or even
consulted in these sell-out negotiations.
Munich proved to be the straw that broke
the back of Russian faith in the Allies. There-
upon, Stalin seemingly pitched his tent in the
German camp by means of the 1939 Berlin-
Moscow Non-Aggression Pact, but quietly
armed Russia into the mighty fortress she has
become.
Now it behooves us as the instigators of sus-
picion to seek out the means wherewith to eradi-
cate that suspicion. We must persuade Stalin
that we do not hold his every move suspect. The
Comintern was dissolved as a sign that Russia
does not intend to meddle in the internal affairs
of other nations. Why should we meddle in the
internal affairs of Russia? It devolves upon us
to make further overtures to Russia whose rec-
ord in power politics is at least as clean as our
own.
ADDENDUM: Miss Fitch's editorial of yester-
day contained the rhost interesting example
of illogicality that has graced the pages of The
Daily in many moons. She began by a repetition
of Prof. Slosson's comparatively sound analysis.
But Prof. Slosson also drew a comparatively
sound conclusion. He proposed a plebiscite in
accordance with the liberal principle of self-
determination. Miss Fitch calls for our inter-
vention, how, she does not say, though she takes
our government to task for being "peculiarly
vague" on the subject.
Because the problem cannot be resolved on
geographic or ethnographic or legal grounds,
it then follows according to this reasoning that
we are again engaged in the same sort of ne-
farious mischief that typified our policy with

regard to Vichy, Spain, etc. Where, oh, where
is the connection?
-Bernard Rosenberg

government at all when we didn't want an
Italian government.
Whenever Badoglio's position was threatened.
he would bolster it by promising to resign. His
promises to resign were so popular that they
even won him a kind of following. Meanwhile.
the Italian people could be kept out of the gov-
ernment because Badoglio was in, and also
mollified with the theory that he had his bag
packed and was about to leave.
This what-is-it, this stew. of uncertainties,
garnished with question marks, was exactly
what we wanted, perhaps because we didl not
know what we wanted.
If you look for General de Gaulle, currenly,
you will also find him residing in Halfway House.
We have him where we want him, too, in a mist.
in a fog, in a cloud. We have issued a remark-
able document proclaiming that we recognize
that he speaks for the colonies for which he
speaks. But for more than a year we have de-
layed giving him full recognition as the head of
a provisional government. We have preserved
that same startled-fawn relationship with de
Gaulle that we have maintained with Badogl,
so that we can stay near him, if that seems
good, or else run away like the wind, should
that seem a better choice.
'uHERE was a time when it would have been
enterprising of us to recognize de Gaulle;
then came a time when it would have been
merely practical to recognize him; but by now
we have waited until it is comical not to. Still
we wait, trying our best to keep dubiety alive;
the worried Bonifaces of Halfway Hxouse.
We keep an apartment for ourselves in that
cloudy hostelry. We know that Finland ought
to be knocked out of this war; we know that
would be good for our cause; but we will not
make the final break with her. We scold Fin-
land, we beg Finland, we urge Finland, we
advise Finland to quit. We use every pres-
sure device except the one which is in our
hands. If we want Finland out of the war, a
clean American break with her would do more
than anything else td shock the Linkomies
governmnent out of its indecision.
But the keepers of Halfway House never do
what they can; they always try to settle by
doing half of what they must.
On all these issues (and on Spain and Turkey
and Old Poland, too) we seem to take pleasure
in promoting a condition of vagueness; we de-
light to pitch our camp just short of decision.
and settle down. We like to dwell among the
pauses in the story of man. Where history stops
for breath, there we would live forever, if it
would let us.
Or, to put it in different fashion, it is our
foreign policy to reach a stage at which the cat
can jump either way, and then to hold its tail.
This is hardly a posture which can be maintained
permanently, but we try. Meanvhile, we are
developing a tendency to regard other nations
which are more decisive, such as Russia, as being
conspirators against us. Tears and self-pity are
always the last refuge of the insecure.
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
DR EW
PEARSONs C xe
WASHINGTON, March 17.--Much-loved octo_
genarian Senator Carter Glass received a visit
recentely from his old friend Jim Parley The
Virginia Statesman, who has served in the House,
the Senate and as Secretary of the Treasury for
almost-half a cetury, is not in good health but. in.
pajamas and bathrobe, received Parley.
In the Senator's lap, as he talked, was a letter
on White House stationery.' Jim Parley could
not help but notice the stationery, but naturally
did not try to pr~y into the contents of the letter.
I was from Jim's one-time friend and chief,
Franklin Roosevelt. And it was on a subject
regarding which Jim and Carter Glass vigor-
ously disagree-the tax veto.
After the President had vetoed the tax bill',
with consequent Barkley fireworks, Senator
Glass phoned the White House.

"Tell the President," he told Jimmy Byrnes,
"that he not only had the Constitutional right
to veto the tai bill, but it was his Constitu-
tional duty to veto a bill as inadequate as this
one."
In reply, the President wrote a warm letter
of thanks to the 84-year-old Senator. This was
the letter which lay in Glass's lap when Jim
Farley called.'
Parachute Investigation.
Last week the Washington Merry-Go-Round
revealed that the parachute now being used by
American fliers was dangerous compared with
the British single-release type and that Briga-
dier General Newton Longfellow of the U.S.
Eighth Air Force in England had cabled Wash-
ington that "anything but a quick release har-
ness is murderous.,
Today, this column can further reveal that
the Justice Department and Army Air Forces
are moving in on this situation rapidly, and

SATURDAY, MARCH 18, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 96
All noices for the Daly Jl1'lrla I -
letIron 2rc 1 t~ I LcsrrttI Ito I he fice f ithe
tI'resi~Ierii In Iv e witi ( cmfor m by J3:3
P mr r 1of Fe y l}WfrCdiflK usspihihr;-
ti 1#t, ~ e r' opi. i S4al '.iy wilie i heia
tt°r he-.il -Is~~ e 'thniidi i y I1:30a.rI.
Notices
Mail is being held at the Business
Office of the University for the fol-
lowing people: Barrett, Lytell; Dar'-
bold, M. E.: Hamilton, Dr. W. S.;
Haimnoncd, Mrs. Robert; Halkin.
Cyrille; K(uge, Tommie; Leftman.
Jeanne; Leonard, David; Pearce, Ray
B.; Polk, Dorothy: Schuler, Donna;
Stevenson, George A.
To all male students in the College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
By action of the Board of Regents, all
male students in residence in this
College must elect Physical Educe-
. tion for Men. This action has been
effective since June, 1943, and will
continue for the difration of the war.
Students may be excused from tak-
ing the course by (1) The University
{ health Service, (2) The Dean of the
College or by his representative, (3)
The Director of Physical Education
and Athletics.
Petitions for exemption by stu-
dents in this College should be ad-
dressed by freshmen to Professor
Arthur Van Duren, Chairman of the
Academic Counselors (108 Mason
Hall);: byall other studen tsto Assis-
tant Dean E. A. Walter (1220 Angell
Hall).
Except under very extraordinary
circumstances no petitions will be
consiaared after the end of the third
week of the Spring Term.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence and the Arts: Attendance report
cards are being distributed through
the departmental offices. Instructors
are requested to report absences of
freshmen on green cards, directly to
the Office of the Academic Counsel-
ors, 1081 Mason Hall. Buff cards
shouldbe usedninlrepaorting sopho-
mores, juniors and seniors to 1220
Angell Hall.
-Please note especially the regula-
tions concerning three-week absen-
ces, and the time limits for dropping
courses. The rules relating to ab-
sences are printed on the attendance
cards. They may also be found n
p dy47 of the 1943-44Announce-
ment of our College.
Registration will be held this week
for all those who are interested in
camp work and summer work of all
kinds. There are many calls on hand
at present. Early registration is ad-
vised. University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Informa-
tion, 201 Mason Hall. Office hours
are 9 to 12 a.m. and 2 to 4 p.m. The
office closes at noon on Saturdays.
Fraternity House Presidents: Will
the house presidents of the following
fraternities please inform the Inter-
fraternity Council of your local ad-
dress and telephone number in order
that rushing lists may be sent to
your fraternity: Chi Phi, Delta Upsi-
lon, Kappa Sigma, Lambda Chi Al-
pha, Phi Gamma Delta, Phi Psi,
Pi Lambda Phi, Sigma Alpha Epsilon,
heta Chi, Trigon.
To All Fraternity House Pres-
dents: Membership lists must be filed
that one employe at Wright Field,
Dayton, O., who was connected
with the parocurement of para-
chutts, is under investigation. He
has resigned from Wright Field
under pressure.

Also the Air Forces have recently
ordered 2,500 of the single-release
British type of parachute. This per-
mits the flier to free himself of the
'chute immediately after he lands,
thus avoiding the danger of being
dragged along the ground or if he
lands in water, of drowning.
The parachute used in most Ar-
my planes has three release points.
This means that, when a -paratroop-
er hits the ground, he has to release
the harness at three different points
and, if he fumbles on one of them,
he cannot get free at all.
One Army explanation for using
this type of parachute is that a
flier sits on it, so that it takes up no
room in the cramped quarters ofj
the plane. The British type of
parachute (originally developed in'
this country) gets in the way when
the flier is seated in his plane.
Nevertheless, U.S. fliers value the
single release so highly that almost
every American aviator arriving in
England tries to beg, borrow or steal
a parachute of the British type.
Note: The 2,500 new single-release
parachutes recently ordered are only
a start compared with the approxi-
mately 350,000 fliers in the Air
Forces.
{Copyright, 1944, United Features Synd.)

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GRIN AND REAR IT

"I'm from the Bureau of Internal Revenue! Who's the vice-
president in charge of Evasion?"

immediately with the Dean of Stu-
dents, Rm. 2, University Hall. Mem-
bership blanks may be obtained from
Miss Scanlon in, the Dean's office.
University Lecture: "Regionalism:
A Concept of Social Planning." Dr.
Carol Aronovici, Director of the Col-
umbia University Housing Study;
auspices of the College of Architec-
ture and Design and the Department
of Sociology, Monday, March 20, 4:15
p.m., Rackham amphitheatre.
Dr. Haven Emerson, Non-resident
lecturer in Public Health Adminis-
tration and Professor Emeritus of
Public Health at Columbia Univer-
sity, will speak to public health stu-
dents and other interested individu-
als on Monday, March 20, at 4:00
p.m., in the School of Public Health
auditorium. The title of Doctor Em-
erson's address will be "Hospital Beds
for Tuberculosis Patients."
Dr. .John R. Mott will speak on
"Journeys Among the Colleges of
Friend and Foe" at Rackham Hall at
3:00 p.m., Sunday, March 19. This
lecture is open to the public.
A cdemic Notices
Students, College of Literature,
Science and the Arts: No course may
be elected for credit after the end of
the third week of the spring term.
March 25 is therefore the last date
on which newv elections may be ap-
proved. The willingness of an indi-
vidual instructor to admit a student
later does not affect the operation of
this rule.
Students, College of Literature,
Science and the Arts: Students who
fail to file their election blanks by
the close of the third week of the
spring term, even though they have
registered and have attended classes
unofficially, will forfeit their privi-
lege of continuing in the College.
Students, College of Literature,
Science and the Arts: Election cards
filed after the end of the first week
of the semester may be accepted by
the Registrar's Office only if they
are approved by Assistant Dean Wal-
ter.
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, Schools of Education, For-
estry; Music, and Public Health: Stu-
dents who received marks of I or X
at the close of their last semester or
summer session of attendance will
receive a grade of E in the course or
courses unless this work is made up
by April 6. Students wishing an ex-
tension of time beyond this date in
order to make up this work should
file a petition addressedtorthe ap-
propriate official in their school with
Rm. 4, U.H., where it will be trans-
mitted.
The Make-Up for Economics 51
and Economics 52 Final Examination
will be given at three o'clock Thurs-
day, March 23, inRm. 207, Econom-
ics.
Sociology 62: Make-up final exam-
ination will be given Saturday, March
25, at 10:00 a.m. in my office at 1027
E. Huron.
English 128 will not meet today.
Kothe - Hildner Annual German
Language Award offered students in
Courses 31, 32, 35 and 36. The con-
test, a translation test (German-
English and English-German), car-
ries two stipends of $20 and $30 and
will be held from 2 to 4 p.m. Friday,
March 24. Students who wish to
compete and who have not yet hand-
ed in their applications should do so
immediately in 204 University Hall.

Exhibitions
University Museums: a) Pen icl-
]ium notatum, the fungus frOm
which the drug penicillin is derived,
b) The Beginning of Human Indus-
try.
Exhibit: Museum of Art and Ar-
chaeology, Newberry Hall. The Ar-
thur G. Cummer Memorial Collection
of Arms. March 5-19. Week days,
9-5; 7:30-9:30. Sundays, 3-5.
Events Tloday
Michigan Outing Club will go on a
hike this afternoon to Saginaw For-
est. We will meet at 2:30 in front of
the Women's Athletic.Building end
be back in time for supper. Everyone
invited.
The Presbyterian Student Guild
will have a St. Patrick's Party in the
social hall beginning at 8:30 pam.
Games, dancing and refreshments.
Won't you join in the fun? -
Badminton Club- Women Stu-
dents: The badminton courts in
Waterman Gymnasium will-be open
for play for women students on Sat-
urday afternoon, March 18, from
2:30 to 4:00.
Saturday Night Dance: Saint Pat-
rick's Day dance will be held at the
Club starting at 8:00 p.m. '
Coming Events
Iota Sikma Pi meeting Monday,
March 20, at 7:30 p.m. in West Lec-
ture Room of Rackham Building. Dr.
Newton B. Everett, of the anatomy
department, will speak on "The
Chemical Aspects of Zoology." Re-
freshments at Rackham Building
afterward.
"Trends and the Future Outlook
in Employment Discrimination"' Will
be the topic of a talk to be given by
Mr. Albert Cohen, Tuesday, March
21 at 8 p.m. at the Hillel Foundation.
All those interested in r'ceiving Vo-
cational guidance in career planng
are urged to attend.
Michigan Youth for Democratic
Action will hold a general meeting
Monday, March 20, at 7:45 pin. in
the Union (room to be posted). The
topic for the meeting will be World
Youth Week, and the new member-
ship drive will be launched. Netw
members (or those interested in be-
coming members) as well as regular
members are urged to attend this
important meeting.
French Play: Tryouts for French
Play, Monday, March 20, 2-4 p.m.
and Tuesday, March 21, 3-5 p.m., Rm.
408, Romance Language Bldg.
The Graduate Oting Club will
hold its first meeting in the spring
term Sunday at 2:30 p.m. at the club
quarters, Rackham Hall, northwest
corner entrance.
All graduate students, alumni and
faculty members are cordially invited
to investigate and to take an active
part in our program of outdoor and
indoor activities.
Duplicate Bridge: - duplicate
bridge tournament will be held at
2:00 p.m. Sunday, March 19, in the
USO Club. All servicemen are invited
as well as townspeople. Come with
or without a partner. A small fee of
25c will be charged per person.
Music Hour: A classical music hour
will be held Sunday afternoons in
the USO Club.
(CI, rches
First Presbyterian Church, Wash-
tenaw Ave. Morning worship at

By Lichty

BARNABY
Well, Barnaby. All set to visi the i
office of Congressman O'Ma~ley? |

If we find him in, and he's a
real man, you'll admit this

His oftice isn't here, Pop. He§}
T------r FI

y Crockett Johnson
SCongressman I
t H O'Malley? . . . I E -

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