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March 12, 1944 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-03-12

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THE MICHIGAN DAiLY s~Am

;,

Fifty-Fourth.Year

SCIENCE VS. RELIGION:
Hyma Explains Hutchins'

GRIN AND BEAR IT

By Lichty

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pwr. II, OR M~ h f5T~N
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered atthe Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during th8 regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44

Edi
Jane Farrant .
Claire Sherman
Stan wallae
Marjorie Borradaile
Evelyn Phillips
Harvey Frank
Bud Low. .
Jo Ann Peterson
Mary Anne Olson
Marjorie Rosmarin
Bu
Elizabeth Carpenter
Marge Batt
Telep

itorial Staff
Managing Editor
. . . EditorialDirector
City Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
. . . . . Sports Editor
. . Associate Sports Editor
. . Associate Sports Editor
* . . .Women's Editor
. Associate Women's Editor
siness Staff
Business Manager
S. 4 ,Ass't Business Manager
phone 23-24-1

NIGHT EDITOR: NEVA NEGREVSKI
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
ESPIONAGE?
Eire's Refusal Is Not
Against United Nations
T HE REFUSAL of the Eire Government to ex-
peI the German and Japanese diplomats
from that country as requested by the State De-
partment is not as surprising or "pro-German"
as the popular belief would indicate.
The United States publicly asserted that
Eire was being used as a base for Axis spies
endangering the approaching Allied invasion
of Europe. There is a strong suspicion that
information on American military installations
in Northern Ireland is slipped across the bor-
der to enemy officials in Dublin enjoying spe-
cial privileges and immunities and hence finds
its way to enemy governments.
Specific evidence of the accusations was (1)
the German Legation in Dublin, at least until re-
cently, had possessed a radio sending set and (2)
German planes had dropped into Ireland two
parachutists equipped with radio sending appar-
atus. Another thorn in the United Nations' flesh
not mentioned in this note, has been the earlier
refusal of Eire for her ports to receive Allied
shipping and aid in the anti-submarine war.
The answer to this problem appears on the
surface just to be adherance to the strict neu-
trality policy promised by Prime Minister de
Valera. Probably the most concrete reason is
the fear of bombing that the Eire's cities would
suffer should the neutrality rule be broken.
There is no air raid shelter or personnel for
the protection of these cities at the present
time.
Besides this fear of being involved in war there
is also the feeling of animosity toward the Bri-
.. tish governmental policy. Sympathy does exist,
however, for de Valera invited British women
and children to take refuge in Eire and many
accepted. Southern Irishmen have also volun-
teered to serve in the British Army in many cas-
es.
GO BACK to this political hatred of the
British government it must be remembered
that less than 30 years ago war existed between
the two islands. The struggle openly or secretly
continued until 1937 when Eire's new constitu-
tion established the present independent status
with sovereignty in all internal affairs. The
power of the British king is recognized only so
far as external affairs are concerned. Thus they
have not felt free to declare war on the Axis al-
though all other dominions of the Empire had
done so.
This stand of de Valera on neutrality is
widely popular with the people, and has their
support. Just as there seems no possibility of
Eyre taking an active part with the Allies,
there is not the slightest possibility of any
wish to aid the Axis or engage in espionage
activities. De Valera's religious viewpoint as
a faithful Catholic would not permit any con-
nection with the Nazi government. An accept-
anne of the theory of democracy is shown in
the Constitution with its provision for propor-
tional representation and use of city managers
in local affairs., He has also held the high po-*
sition as president of the League of Nations
Council.
Concerning the charges named in the State
Department note, de Valera said that the Ger-
man minister had been debarred from using the
radio transmitter and for some months it had

"MISS MILLER, whose editorial representing
progressive education appeared in Friday's
Daily, has too little respect for the past. Hutch-
ins of Chicago University on the other hand has
too much respect for the past and not enough
for the present," Prof. Albert Hyma of the history
department said yesterday.
"At Michigan we should take a course some-
where in between the two radical proposals.
The present is important, but it can not be
understood without the past.
"In this editorial Miss Miller has many good
ideas, but she seems to misunderstand the pro-
gram of Hutchins and Adler. They are not
attempting to abolish the sciences at all as she
says," he added.,
Recently Prof. Hyma was asked to write a
6000-word review of four books on modern Dutch
history including one on Dutch contributions to
science for the Journal of Modern History, which
Be Rig .. ht__
--- By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, March 11.-I am in receipt of
the following letters:
"Dear Mr. Graf ton: I hope you will soon ttun
your trenchant pen to the defense of the young
girls of America. Last Saturday night, I was
walking down one of the main streets of this
city with my boy-friend, as, indeed, I do every
Saturday night, when I saw a middle-aged
couple eyeing me with an expression I can only
describe as baleful. 'So young,' said the woman,
'and already delinquent.'
"We had hardly walked another block when a
policeman accosted us. 'Don't you have a home
to go to?' he asked me. A crowd gathered. I
shall never forget the pitying glances which were
turned upon me. An elderly gentleman pressed
a $20 bill into my hand. 'My name is Nick
Dinim,' he said. 'This policeman knows me.
Take this money, go to a good hotel, and call my
office in the morning. I shall see that you get a
job and that you no longer need go out with
these men.' With that, he glared ferociously at
my boy-friend, poor Timmy, who is so shy.
"Dear Mr. Grafton, I am not delinquent. I
have known Timmy all my life. I was taught in
my progressive school that my interest in boys
is entirely natural.
"Couldn't there be a button of some kind
issued for us young girls to wear who are not
Victory Girls, but who have always had boy
friends, and who, I may add, did not need a
war to get them?
"Sincerely,
"HONEY."
"Dear Mr. Grafton: I am a soldier in the
" armies of democracy. I speak of my 'buddies'
as well as myself, when I ask you to do something
to alter the civilian attitude toward soldiers. We
simply cannot face the leering which meets
us at every turn.
"Yes, Mr. Grafton, leering is the word. Civil-
ians seem convinced that we 'jeeps' have no
interest except girls, particularly those whose
hair is of the lighter shades. I visited this town
last week, on an overnight pass, and quite in-
nocently stepped into a cafeteria for a bite of
'chow.' To my surprise, a great cheer broke out
among the customers as I came in the door. A
young lady, whose appearance I am compelled
to describe as startling, linked her arm in mine.
It turned out that I was the one-millionth serv-
iceman to enter the cafeteria since Pearl Harbor,
and that I had therefore won a 'date,' as it is
called, with the aforementioned young lady.
"Mr. Grafton, I cannot describe the evening
which followed. We were taken to innum-
erable night-clubs. I was obliged to engage
the aforementioned young lady in conversa-
tion until a late hour, though her vocabulary
was limited, and her diction deplorable. But
the leering was the worst of all, Mr. Grafton, .
the confidence which shone on everyone's face
that I was in the highest heaven of bliss, the

suggestive remarks about how lucky I was, the
inability of .anyone to comprehend that I
might have had other plans and interests.
"Mr. Grafton, our overnight passes do not give
us very much free time, what with transport to
and from the camp, and so on. I am a stamp
collector, and naturally, there is not much op-
portunity for philately in army life. I had pro-
posed spending the evening with some brother

is published by the University of Chicago Press.
Prof. Hyma was one of the five founders of this
magazine.
"If they wanted to abolish social sciences,
then why would they publish a magazine like
this and ask for reviews on modern history?"
he asked.
Hutchins and Adler are not against science.
They merely want to elevate secular education
to a higher ethical standard. Miss Miller's state-
ment that Hutchins and Adler want to revive
the old trivium and quadrivium is entirely with-
out basis.
"No educated person would propose such a
reactionary step.
"A member of the faculty of Northwestern
University, who was considered one of the
leading educators of his time, said in a speech
a few years ago, 'Let tradition be damned.'
This is what Hutchins doesn't like.
"Hutchins says that, in order to understand
the present, one must understand the history
of the past. He does not seem to realize, though,
that the present is more important than the
past," Prof. Hyma said.
"N REGARD to the question of religion, I
think Hutchins' idea that it should be com-
pulsory is wrong. No child should be forced to
have a religion if his parents don't want him to
accept one.
"However, I believe that every university
should have at least two or three courses on
the history of the Christian Church. In this
university, for example, we have courses on al-
most every other religion except Christianity,
including Mohammedanism and Hinduism,
although there are very few adherants of these
religions in this country.
"People who contend that. you cannot talk
about religion on a non-sectarian basis are
wrong. It would be good to teach students what
other religions stand for. If after 1,900 years
we still don't know how to be fair, it's about time
we got the question in the open and learn how
to understand the views of others," Prof. Hyma
continued.
"If real science could hurt the church, then
it's up to the church to improve. In this dis-
pute between science and religion, both the
scientists and the church people are wrong."
Prof. Hyma explained that in the Netherlands
each church was permitted to have its school.
The Lutheran, the Calvinist, the Catholic and
the Jewish faiths each had their own school. In
addition to these four types, there was a so-
called neutral school or public school which
taught no religion.
HE STATED that he thought that this was
an ideal system, but that we would meet with
special difficulties in this country if we tril
to imitate it, as there are so many different re-
ligions.
In his book entitled The Inspired Word,
which will be published this summer, Prof.
Hyma says that he is a student of the social
and the natural sciences who has learned that
true science and religion are not enemies but
friends, that they never contradict each other,
and that the Bible remains the most reliable
guide to the study of the science of man.
He states that thus far scientists have paid
comparatively little attention to spiritual phen-
omena, for their main industrial experimenta-
tion, mechanization and advancements in the
medical field.
In the universities of the future, the courses'
in spiritual research will be established side by
side with those in chemistry, physics and med-
icine. e-Doris Peterson
cbllectors, in a bit of relaxation to which I felt
myself entitled. Is it right, Mr. Grafton, for
civilians to disregard our wishes? The problem
is quite serious. I stepped into a bar to tie
my shoe one evening recently, and was imme-
diately offered a 'date' with a young woman, by
a man who, it seems, had 'two chicks on his
hands,' as he put it. If I had not been firm
about leaving immediately, .another evening
would have been lost to me.
"Sincerely,
"JOE SOLDIER."
"My Dear Grafton: You would not believe

some of the things that are going on in this
town. I could tell you of an incident which
happened on Main Street last Saturday night.
But enough! There are things which cannot
be put on paper. Dine with me at the Club
Thursday, and I will a tale unfold.
"As Ever,
"NICK DINIM."
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)

"Tell us some more stories, Mom, about how you used to escape
with your life in some of those glorious bargain sales!"

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

SUNDAY, MARCH 12, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 91
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
pm. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
To the Members of.the University
Council:. There will be a meeting . of
the University Council on Monday,
March 13, at 4:15 p.m. ini the Rack-
ham amphitheatre. The agenda will
include the following reports: Com-
mittee on Orientation Period; Tem-
porary Committee- on Orientation" of
Transfer Students; Board in Control
of Student Publications; Board in
Control of Inter-Collegiate' Athletics.
Members of the University Senate
are invited.
Louis A. Hopkins, Secretary.
To all male students in the College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
By action of the Board of. Regents, all
male students in residence. in this
College must ,elect Physical Educa-
tion for Men. This action has been
effective since June, 1943, and will
continue for the duration of the war.
Students may be excused from tak-
ing the course by (1) The University
Health Service, (2) The Dean of the
College or by his representative, (3)
The Director of Physical Education
and Athletics.
Petitions for exemption by stu-
dents in this College should be ad-
dressed by freshmen to Professor
Arthur Van Duren, Chairman of the
Academic Counselors (108 Mason
Hall); by all other students to Assis-
tant Dean E. A. Walter (1220 Angell
Hall).
Except under very extraordinary
circumstances , no petitions will be
consiaored after the end of the third:
week of the Spring Term.
The Main Reading Room and the
Periodical Room of the General Li-
brary are kept open on all Sundays
during the Spring Term from 2:00
p.m. to 9:00 p.m.
Books from other parts of the buil-
ding which are needed for Sunday
use will be made available in the
Main Reading Room if request is
made on Saturday of an assistant in
the reading room where the books
are usually shelved.
Required Hygiene Lectures for
Women-1944: All first and second
semester freshman women are re-
quired to take the hygiene lectures
which are to be given the second
semester. Upperclass students who
were in the University as freshmen
and who did not fulfill the require-
ments are required to take and satis-

factorily complete this course. Enroll
for these lectures at' the time of
regular classification at Waterman
Gymnasium. These lectures are a
graduation requirement.
Section No. I: First Lecture, Mon-
day, March 13, 4:15-5:15, Rackham
Auditorium; Subsequent Lectures,
Successive Mondays, 4:15-5:15, Rack-
ham Auditorium; Examination (fin-
ai),_ Monday, April 24, 4:15-5:15,
,ackham.Auditorium.
Section No.11: First Lecture, Tues-
day,- March 14, 4:15-5:15, Rackham
Auditbrijn; Subsequent Lectures,
Successive Tuesdays, 4:15 -5:15,
flackham Auditorium;' Examination
(final), TUesday, April 25, 4:15-5:15,
RackhamAuditorium.
Margaret Bell, M.D.
May Festival Tickets: The counter
sale of " season tickets.for the May
Festival w ill begin Friday, March 1,
at. 9.o'elock at thleoffices.ofa~he ni-
versity Musical Society, Burton Mem-
orial Tower, and-" will "continue "'as
long as :tickets .re available. The
prices for' season tickets, including
the present 10% tax, $8.80, $7.70 and
$6.60 will continue:thronugh the
month- of March. Prices for single
concerts are $2.75,' $2.20, $1.65 and
$1.10.
On April 1, the new Federal tax
law which increases the tax from
10% to 20% will become effective.
Thereafter:the prices for season tick-
ets will be $9.60, $8.40 and $7.20 and
for single concerts $3.00, $2.40, $1.80
and $1.20.
All orders received prior to March
17 will be filed and filled in sequence
in advance and will be .mailed. out
about April 1. Remittanes should
be made payable to the University
Musical Society and mailed to
Charles A. Sink, President, Burton
Memorial Tower.'
Lectures
Oratorical Association Lecture
Course: The revised schedule for the
remaining lectures on the 1943-44
series is as follows: March 16-Pierre
Clemenceau, grandson of France's
World War I Premier and member of
the French National Conmittee,
speaks on "France-Today and To-'
morrow;" March 23-Burton Holmes,
dean of travel lecturers, presents his
motion picture lecture, "The Beauti-
ful Italy We Knew;" March 27-Max
Werner, noted military analyst and
author, speaks on "The Reconstruc-
tion of Europe."
Season ticket coupons originally
issued for the Madame Koo lecture
will admit to the Clemenceau lecture,
and coupons issued for the Lochner
lecture will admit to the Werner lec-
ture. The Hill Auditorium box office
will be open March 15 and 16 for the
sale of single admission tickets.
Professor Norman Cameron, Ph.D.,
M.D. of the Psychology Department
of the University of Wisconsin will
speak Tuesday, March 14, at 4:15
p.m. in the amphitheatre of the
Rackham Building. His subject will
be "Contemporary Trends in the Psy-
chology of Abnormal Behavior." Dr.
Cameron has done important work
in both psychology and psychiatry so
what he has to say concerning the
psychology of the abnormal is unus-
ually significant. Anyone interested
in psychology or psychiatry is urged
to attend.
Academic Notices
Students, College of Literature,
Science and the Arts: Election cards
filed after the end of the first week
of the semester may be accepted by
the Registrar's Office only if they
are approved by Assistant Dean Wal-
ter.

7

Dominie Says
"TIE BOYS and girls who lose
their religion in the university,"
says Canon Iddings Bell in The
Church in Disrepute, (p. 69), "almost
never have any intelligent religion to
lose when they were matriculated
and the same holds for youth in the
offices or factories and in the armed
forces." This is a pertinent observa-
tion.
The religious attitude is a definite
way of life. The centrality of integ-
rity is not attained by chance but by
careful and prayerful pursuit of that
ideal day after day during the im-
pressionable weeks and months of
childhood and elementary school.
The freshman who is intelligently re-
ligious, usually, will have had a fa-
ther and mother who practiced the
Christian virtues with ease and grace
in the home. But to be religious in a
society which is half pagan requires
more than casual absorption of be-
havior, as a result of noble parental
influence. Our Judao-Christian re-
ligion is purposeful. The purpose
there involved is the intention of the
God whom Moses worshipped by
"law," Hosea followed as "forgive-
ness" and Jesus emulated in "love."
The freshman who has a religion
which will endure the critical life of
a university will tell you that he be-
gan early to shape his intimate per-
sonal choices in accordance with this
religious purpose or will of God.
Even more important, care went
into the character of that student
whose religion will not just persist,
but will become enriched, deepened
and strengthened by his studies, as-
sociations and duties at the campus.
He knows that the personality of
man does not just happen. If the
whole community had been superbly
Christian, it is conceivable that with-
out indoctrination, a youth could
come to be religious. But in our life
where the main chance is called good
business, where a rain of overstate-
ment'pours from the radio as good
salesmanship, Where the law of pro-
fit first and service second passes as
approved economy, but the Kingdom
of God is only a luxury, and the com-
munity is weighted toward mastery of
the material world, Christian graces
Spresuppose a mental grasp of the
meaning of a good society and a re-
deemed humanity. Such a set of the
soul must be directed against most of
those lesser human values which sur-
round us. In that set of the soul, the
youth first embraces the religious
ideal for its own sake, then incorpor-
ates. it as. the very core of hiis being,
and later builds a system of reactions
and habits which are its real goal.
Thus, as the years go on, he at-
tains a three-fold orientation: (1)
Toward his own organism, known
'as integration; (2) Toward society,
or adjustment, and.(3) Toward the
cosmos, or God which is called sal-
vaton. The student who has grasp-
ed religion mentally and ethically
as 'well as sentimentally will go
from strength to strength.
Edward W. Blakeman
Counselor in Religious Education
of German literature from 1750-1900.
Students who wish to compete and
who have not yet handed in their
applications should do so immediate-
ly in Rm. 204 University Hall.
Kothe - Hildner Annual German
Language Award offered students in
Courses 31' 32, 35 and 36. The con-
test, a translation test (German-
English and English-German), car-
ries two stipends of $20 and $30 and
will be held from 2 to 4 p.m. Friday,
March 24. Students who wish to
compete and who have not yet hand-

ed in their applications should do so
immediately in 204 University Hall.
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, Schools of Education, For-s
estry, Music, and Public Health: Stu-
dents who received marks of I or X
at the close of their last semester or
summer session of attendance will
receive a grade of E in the course or
courses unless this work is made up
by April 6. Students wishing an ex-
tension of time beyond this date in
order to make up this work should
file a petition addressed to the ap-
propriate official in their school with
Rm. 4, U.H., where it will be trans-
mitted.
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate for June, August and October
1944: 'A list of candidates has been
posted on the bulletin board of the
School of Education, Rm. 1431 U.E.S.
Any prospective candidate whose
name does not appear on this list
should call at the office of the Re-
corder' of the School of Education,
1437 U.E.S.
Latin American Studies 194: This
course meets on Tuesday, 3:00-5:00
in Rm. 18 Angell Hall.
Geometry Seminar will meet Tues-
day at 4:30 in 3201 Angell Hall.
Social Studies 93-Problems of the
War and Post-War: Class now meet-
ing in Rm. 1025 Angell Hall,-Tues-
day and Thursday at 2 p.m.
Mathematics 121, Theory of Prob-
ability, will meet Monday at 2 o'clock
in 3011 Angell Hall.
A. H. Copeland

BARNABY
Hello, John.' Hello, Barnaby!
So you've finally arrived!.. .
Heiio,
Aunt
E mma.

Did Mr. O'Malley, my Fairy
Godfather, get here yet? .. .
Er-!'l1 - What?
explain. .--
Somebody's a# the window!
t's him! t's Mr. O'Malley!

Maybe he flew in the window!
Which is my room, Aunt Eorma?
The liftle room
at the head of
the stairs. But-
7 _. ._.

y Crockett Johnson
What is the child talking about?
Aunt Emma,
it's rather a
long story.. .
fit
" cRCKE

3 "

We'll have a busy day seeing
the sights tomorrow, son. Say
goodnight to Aunt Emma--
' But, Mr. O'Mafey,I

I
The invisible leprechaun!
Tell the Nonorable
1. J. O'Malley three
1 .... . i^ ne{if. n fc

1
THREE invisible leprechauns!
Where /S fihe joik?

E

E

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