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June 01, 1944 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-06-01

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THUR DAY, JUNE 1. 1944


w m -a rm - ma . ..-.
Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan undey the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Editorial Staff

Jaine Farrant .
Claire Sherman ,
Stan Wallace .
Evelyn Phillips ,
IHarvey Frank .
Bud Low
Jo Ann Peterson ,
Mary Anne Olson,
Marjorie Hall. ,
Marjorie Rosmarin
Elizabeth A. Carpen
Margery Batt . ,

. . . . . Managing Editor
. . . . . Editorial Director
. . . . . City Editor
. . . . . Associate Editor
. . . . Sports Editor
. . . . Associate Sports Editor
. . . . Associate Sports Editor
. . . . Women's Editor
. . . Associate Women's Editor
Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
ter . . Business Manager
. Associate Business Manager

Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use.
for republication of al news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved,
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school. year by car-
rier, $4.25, by mail, $5.25.
eiber, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

Politl Portrait: The Keynoter

Poor Educations
THE Selective Service Administration's May
bulletin, reporting the Army's rejection of
240,000 registrants for failure to pass intelli-
gence tests, demonstrates that the old adage,
"charity begins at home," requires new emphasis.
Educational deficiency problems have been
practically untouched since the beginning of
the war, presumably because a nation geared
to wartime efficiency must concentrate only
on international issues. Now we had best
begin to ask ourselves how long a nation can
naintain such efficiency when it is compelled
to deny itself the equivalent of 15 battalions,
because of its own neglect.
Figures in the bulletin point out that physic-
ally-fit Americans, eligible for service in the
armed forces, exceeded by 33,773 the total num-
ber of casualties listed through May 6!
Those who have believed in the past that the
United States could continue its failure to pro-
vide education for all of its citizens, may now
join the ranks of those who have long shuddered
at the thought of our un-educated thousands.
--M'tarjory Fisher
Texas Democrats'
HOSE '"Southern Boys" have always been a
problem in the political world. They are even
worse now that the presidential elections have
become a major issue.
This time it is the Texas Democrats. Not only
have they split their delegates for the conven-
tion, so that half will vote for President Roose-
velt, and half won't; but, they have also drawn
up a resolution for the party platform that ought
to make them hide their heads in shame.
They are still fighting for "states' rights,"
and to .protect these so-called rights they have
resolved that they would oppose any Federal
legislation seeking to take over any functions
of the state. By this they are referring to the
Anti-Poll Tax Bill, which is constitutionally
valid. Congress does have the power to reg-
ulate any restrictions against ar American
citizen's right to vote.
The Texas Democrats are also seeking to stop
all strikes. By doing so they will be taking away
the only powerful weapon that the worker has
in this fight against exploitation by his employ-
er. It is true that the worker should not strike
during war time, for in doing so, he may hinder
production for war. Usually, however, the work-
er who strikes in wartime, is also thinking about
his position in industry in the post-war world.
Any advantages that he obtains now, will stand
him and the returning soldiers in good stead
when the war is over and industry is reconverted
for civihan use.
Texas delegates to the Democratic convention
have also been instructed to oppose any proposal
to "bring about social equality." Of course, a
worker, or a poor white, or heaven forbid, a
Negro, can't have the same social rights as plan-
tation owners, and Big Business. What is the
sense of trying to uphold and improve the de-
mocracy we are living in, if a handful of sup-
posedly powerful people can uphold such undem-
ocratic and unprogressive measures?
The stand that the Texas Democrats have

WASHINGTON, May 31.-The othei day, this
column carried a story involving Charles E.
Wilson, executive vice-chairman of the War Pro-
duction Board and a fine public servant-a story
which I now find has done him an injustice.
The story was that, over a year ago, during
the heat of the War Production Board row be-
tween the Wilson-Nelson forces and the Army-
Navy-Eberstadt forces, Wilson probably by ac-
cident had picked up, with a new long-distance
listening device, a conversation in which Bernie
Baruch, Undersecretary of War Patterson, Un-
dersecretary of the Navy Forrestal and others
were critical of the WPB and of the President.
Chief point and occasion for the story was
that the President was a forgiving person and
had appointed Forrestal Secretary of .the# Navy
despite the fact that he knew about this critical
conversation. This main point, however, seems
to have been obscured in all the speculation as
to whether private conversations can be safe in
the future. So further elucidation is in order.
Fir'st, however, the main point I want to
mnake here is that I now find Mr. Wilson did
not use any long-distance listening device or
any other device to listen in on the above con-
versation. This colunist has often paid trib-
ute to Mr. Wilson and is delighted to take this
opportunity to do so again, and to say that,
if any false impressions were given, it is deep-
ly regretted. Mr. Wilson had absolutely noth-
ing to do with the incident.
He informs me that his former company, Gei-
eral Electric, has not developed any long-distance
electronic listening device. Nevertheless, other
people have, so it looks as if the privacy of the
nation might not be too sacrosanct in the future.
Electronic experts say it is possible to focus
a microphone from the top of a fairly tall New
York building and pick up conversations in the
street below.
Also, a most unique listening device is reported
to have been developed by Col, H. 0. Bixby, now
of the U.S. Signal Corps, who also developed
amazing underwater listening devices. By a
small mircrophone placed in a book or a brief-
caste and without any wires, it is reported that
conversations can be transmitted to a receiving
set some distance away, This device was devel-
aped outside the Signal Corps and, if the Army
is using this or a similar device today, it remains
a mnihtary secret.,
So what Wvith radar and television, we may
soon be walking around, both listening in and
watching people at the other end of the block.
Regarding the transcript of the critical Bar-
.uch-Forrestal-Patterson conversation, there is
no question but that this happened. Their con-
versation was reported and the general content
of it reached the White House, although by whom
and how will have to remain one of those Wash-
ington mysteries.
(Copyright, 19q4, United Features Syndicate)

Be Right
By Sutnuel Grafton

WEDNESDAY, May 31. - Mr. Churchill's
"kindly words" for General Franco were not
noble. The Prime Minister was boasting that he
had made a good bargain; but it was a sordid
bargain, and he knew it, and the words in which
he proclaimed and defended it were sordid and
grubby words.
His humor deserted him, and le fell with
passion upon those Englishmen who are against
It was almost as if, knowing that his friend-
ship with Franco would subject him to attack,
Mr. Churchill went all out to stir and rouse that
attack to the highest possible peak, inviting the
fiery coals to be heaped upon his head in a true
ecstasy of self-immolation.
He did everything he could possibly do to
make English anti-fascists angry; he ridiculed
their articles and cartoons; he was deliberately
provocative in speaking of good relations with
Francef after the war, when no military reasons
for such relations would exist.
It was as if a brave and stubborn man, dis-
daining to be surreptitiously wrong, wrong like
a Chamberlain, wrong like a rabbit, had decided
to be magnificently wrong, like a lion. He com-
bined offense and penance in one oration, with
pseudo-dramatic overtones, as if he were baring
his breast and inviting the dagger.
PERHAPS Mr. Churchill, with his great instinct
for putting on a show, felt that the story of
English conciliation of Franco needed a touch of
drama, to relieve its dreadful meekness. The
touch of heroism which he could not supply by
defying Franco, he supplied by defying Britain,
by uncovering his bosom and challenging the
lightning. That made him a brave man still;
if he would not defy Spanish fascism, at least
he could and would defy British anti-fascism.
I leave it to psychologists to say whether this
is a correct analysis of a passion with a wrong
address on it. But it is interesting that in a
speech in which the Prime Minister was strange-
ly gentle with his born and sworn enemies, he
was strangely angry with some of his best
He dealt them the blows he might have dealt
Franco, as if to prove there was vigor in the heavy
old arm yet, regardless of whose hand his own
had recently clasped.
Yet the accomodation with Franco remains
ignoble, and Mr. Churchill cannot give it gran-
deur by adding an irrelevant passion to it, like
a second story.
He spoke fervidly of rewards and punish-
ments, summoning justice, like anger, to his
rescue. He said that we are going to impose
democracy on our enemies, but that we shall
not seek to improve the government of Spain,
because Spain turned out to be our friend.°

C s- of '44---
To the Editor:
We are the class of '44. We would
have graduated this June,
As I sit here in bed day after day,
after a year and a half of almost
continuous illness, a thought often
comes to ipe of what 'should have
been. Now, as graduation time nears
once more, my mind goes back to five
freshmen on a day--any day in the
fall of 1940.
War was still far away and our
hearts were full of expectation as
we began our college life. There
was Arnie, Julie, Tom, Johnny and
this writer. Arnie wantid to be an
All-American tacle-and a law-
yer; Julie, a good football guard-
and a dentist; Tom, a football
player; Johnny, a lawyer, and
yours truly, a lawyer also.
We couldn't see into the future
then-if we could have, I doubt if we
would have begun. Our dreams were
large-but then, we had youth and
ambition. Those dreams are still just
We were the class of '44. We would
have been proud to wear our caps and
gowns this June. But fate stepped
in-the future toyed with this fateful
five. War broke and with it came a
crash of visions. Arnie withdrew be-
cause of studies. Sure, he tried! Tom
and Arnie burned the midnight oil
sweating over books-so did Julie.
Arnie gave his best and broke his
heart doing it. Julie became an Al-
American football player as did Tom.
Both worked hard and long and both
knew fame as a result, Johnny and
the writer were less athletic-worked
at the Unlion staff-both carried on
toward 'the goal of a law degree. But
that was long ago.
Today finds the once coveted
'44 gradufation day uon urs. Today
finds not dreams but saddening
reality. We are the class of '44.
Arnie is in the Pacific-a com-
mando leader - fighting Japs.
Johiny is dead-he gave his life
for tle world of freedom in this
year of 1944. Tom, Julie and this
writer are fighting too-fighting
for life against an unseen germ-
the same germ.
And so when they pass out the
diplomas this June, we five will not
be there. We might have been! We
will be there in a way though-we
will, in our minds, answer to the
names when they're called: John
Hunter, Arnold Kargenian, Julius
Franks, Tom Kuzma and
-Allan Anderson.
VOL. LIV No. 149
All notices for The Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Notice to Men Students: All men
students living in approved rooming
houses who expect to move from their
present quarters at the end of this
term must give notice of intention to
move in writing to the Office of the
Dean of Students on or before noon,
June 3. Students terminating con-.
tracts must vacate their rooms be-
fore 6 p.m., June 24 and rent shall
be computed to include this date.

Students may obtain forms for term-
inating contracts at Rm. 2, Univer-
sity Hall.,
Assistant Dean of Students
C. T'. Olmsted
Student Accounts: Your attention
is called to the following rules passed
by the Regents at their meeting .of
Feb. 28, 1936:
"Students shall pay all accounts
due the University not later than the
last day of classes of each semester or
summer session. Student loans which
are not paid or renewed are subject
to this regulation; however, student
Democracyfor our enemies and
fascism for our friends! MVr.
Churchill's anger falls upon the
anti-fascists of England, and Mr.
Churchill's justice falls upqn the
most truly anti-fascist people in
Europe, and this is a great dis-
And, somehow the language of
plain and simple morality comes sud-
denly to seemeas exact, as accurate
as the language of mathematics, in
comparison with the unconvincing
passions, the disordered logical chains,
of expediency.
(Copyright, 1944, N.Y. Post Syndicate)

Th1 e Pend~lulumn

THE CLAMMY hand of Toryism
reached out and strangled an-
other democratic hope last Wednes-
day. Before then some of us-in our
childish simplicity, had supposed a
break with the Fascist government of
Spain was imminent. We took the
words of Lawrence Farnsworth to
heart. He stated recently, "It is time
to recognize Franco as the enemy he
has always been."
But Winston Churchill in his
speech to Parliament was completely
uninformed of this. He was there
"to speak kindly words about Spain."
Well, I am here io speak nasty
words about Spain, and what is
more to insult and abuse that gov-
ernment in exactly the manner
Britain's Prime Minister does not
like. I cannot summon a sufficient
number of insults and abuses to
express the hatred of the people
against the Madrid Mountebank
who is a pale shadow of that pale
We have been reading for months
about how the Falangist gang and its
Nazi-propped leader Francisco Fran-
co were tottering as never before
since the defeat of the Loyalists. The
after-effects of a terrible Civil War
have been devastating in Spain. Pov-
erty and starvation are widespread,
the old aristocracy has been restored
and the leaders glut themselves while
the masses gnash their teeth and
shake their fists at a government
they never wanted. This is the pic-
ture drawn for us by the most reli-
able foreign correspondents. Into it
steps Winston Churchill. Does he
encourage a powerful underground
movement in Spain? Does he say,
"Throw off this effeminate lackey?"
No, Mr. Churchill does not.
He looks forward instead to "ex-
tremely fruitful trade between Spain"
and his country, that it will "grow
during war and expand after peace."
He .says, "The internal political ar-
rangements in Spain are a matter for
Spaniards themselves." Giving the
lie to this argument, the St. Louis
Post-Dispatch compares it to the
line used with respect to Greece.
Churchill is the patron of King
George, although Greeks seem to like
him as little as Yugoslavs, the other
protege of the Prime Minister. Writes
the Post-Dispatch, "When opponents
of King George mutiny, it was not a
purely Greek matter-British forces
attacked the rebels, killed some of
them, and helped put down the re-
Isn't that a pretty picture. Doesn't
it make your heart glow with hope for
the future? Non-intervention is our
policy with regard to Hitler's tepid
puppet, but death to the opponents
of monarchy.

teeth. And he harbors some of the
blind^ men in his own cabinet. His
ambassador to Spain, whom he often
takes occasion to praise is the notori-
ous Sir Samuel Hoare. This Hoare is
the ghost of the two Nevilles-Cham-
berlain and Henderson-with whom
he collaborated at the sell-out cere-
monies of Munich. His retention in
the foreign service is symbolic of our
half-heartedness in this war against
some portions of the Fascist scourge
that blisters and pockmarks the
whole world.
Spain was the proving ground on
which the mettle of republicanism
was first tested-and found wanting.
The USSR alone helped Loyalist
Spain. But it could not then cope
with German Stukas and tanks and
the new strategy of terror which
Axis generals had prepared as the
prelude to the big show. Leon Blum,
the head of the popular government
of France, wanted to help the Loyal-
ists, but he was handcuffed without
the aid of Great Britain whose die-
hard administration held on to its
precious neutrality, while America
followed suit.
The initial mistake was made.
Ever since it could have been re-
paired. Today on a large scale
Spain would not be much of ar:
asset to either side because of its
war weary cndition. Neverthe-
less, Mr. Churchill pleads military
expediency as a basis of his affec-
tion for present day Spain. As a
matter of fact Franco has not gone
whole hog in open pr o-Nazi war-
fare because: 1) Spain is prostrated
and 2} the tide has turned in favor
of the Allies, MVr. Churchill admits
these factors may have affected
Franco's pofsition. But he insists
the General's abstention from at-
tacking our troops at Gibraltar
really puts himn in our goaod graces.
Some Allied lives may havegbeen
saved. Now I ask in all fairness
whether this compensates for the
dead Russians leveled by Spain
troops fighting now on the eastern
eChurchill boasts that Spanish ex-
ports of wolfram to Germany have
been reduced. Even Time magazine
refutes this point by observing that
the act does not diminish Spanish
exports to Hitler's pal, the Portuguese
Dictator Salazar. It is the policy of
the U.S. government to carry on trade
with Spain. Our ambassador, Franco
sympathizer Carleton B. Hayes, urges
us to help Spain. So, we ship goods
to Franco who may ship them to
Salazar who delights in shipping
them to Hitler.
J. Alverez Del Vayo, former foreign
secretary of the Spanish Republic
and no alarmist, warned the Allies
last week that on the very eve of in-
vasion we shall have an enemy at
our back: the Spanish people. Can
you blame them?
-Bernard Rosenberg


time Winston Churchill
a Fascist on the back he
kicks a democrat in the

loans not yet due are exempt. Any
unpaid accounts at the close of bus-
iness on the last day of classes will
be reported to the Cashier of the
University and
"(a) All academic credits will be
withheld, the grades for the semester
or summer session just completed will
not be released, and no transcript of
credits will be issued.
"(b) All students owing such ac-.
counts will not be allowed to register
in any subsequent semester or sum-
mer session until payment has been
Shirley W. Smith
Vice-President and Secretary
Admission to the School of Bus-
iness Administration: Application for
admission to this School beginning
with the Summer Term must be filed
not later than today. Information
and application blanks available in
Rm. 108, Tappan Hall.
Seniors: The firm which furnishes
diplomas for the University has sent
the following caution: "Please warn
graduates not tostore diplomas in
cedar chests. There is enough of the
moth-killing aromatic oil in the aver-
age cedar chest to soften inks of any
kind that might be stored inside them
resulting in seriously damaging the
diplomas." Shirley W. Smith
Hopwood Contestants who are to
receive awards will be notified before
Friday morning.
JGP Dormitory Representatives are
reminded that today is the deadline
for returning stamp money to the
League between 3 and 5 p.m.
The American Youth Hostels, In-
corporated are sponsoring a bicycle
trip to Mexico from July 2 through
Aug. 18 at a total cost of $155.00.
More detailed information may be
obtained from Miss Janina Diedbala,
Women students (except fresh-
men) may attend the Company D
show on Thursday, June 1, without
obtaining late permission from the
Dean's office personally. Those at-
tending must return to their resi-
dence directly after the performance.
Freshmen may not attend on this
night asthe performance is given
oha weekend night,

of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend this exam-
ination, and he may grant permission
to those who for sufficient reason
might wish to be present.
University of Michigan Concert
Band, William D. Revelli,sConductor,
will present its annual .spring con-
cert at 4:15, Sunday afternoon, June
4, in Hill Auditorium. The program
will include compositions by Weber,
Kern, Gould, Sousa, Wagner, Padilla,
Holst and Paganini, and will be open
to the general public.
Events Today
The Hillel Surgical Dressings Unit
will meet at the Hillel Foundation,
from 1 to 5 p.m. Please wear wash-
able blouse or smock.
Varsity Men's Glee Club: The final
meeting of .the year will be held at
7:15 in the Glee Club at the Union.
The keys have arrived and will be
distributed. A big supply of refresh-
ments will be on hand; and all for-
mer members on campus are urged
to attend. Let's all make this last
get-together a good one.
The A.I.E.E. will hold its final
meeting of the term this evening at
7:3{} o'clock in the Michigan Union.
Mr. Brownlee of Commonwealth and
Southern will speak on "Relay Pro-
tection." Officers for the next term
will be elected at this meeting. Re-
freshments will be served also. All
electrical engineers are invited to the
Coming Events
Crayon Drawings: For a perfect
likeness of yourself, come to the USO
and have a drawing made by Mrs.
John Bradfiekl. It's colored and it's
darn neat. Make an appointment for
any hour from 1 to 5 on Friday after-
Ann Arbor Library Club: Fourth
meeting, 1943-44, Friday, June 2, at
7:45 P. M. at the William L. Clements
Library. Talk on Manuscripts by
Mr. Howard H. Peckham. Election
of officers. Refreshments.
Dancing Class: On June 2 the be-
inners cls will beg-in uinder the~


Mitchell says someone messed
up the big boss's office .. Glued

Emptied his cigar humidor. . o
Broke his desk light... Recited

Q <. Jummed his desk
drawers . Mixed the

y Crockett Johnson
So the fellow who uses my -
office on the day shift is
c malinne,e~h? ..That'cs

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