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May 27, 1944 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-05-27

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SA TURDAY. MAY 27, 1944

Fifty-Fourth Year

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' Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.

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Jane Farrant
Claire Sherman
Stan Wallace .
Evelyn Phillips
Harvey Frank .
Bud Low
Jo Ann 1eterson
Mary Anne Olson
Marjorie Hall
Marjorie Rosmarin

Editorial Staff
. . . . Managing Editor
. . .Editorial Director
. . . . . City Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
. . . . . . Sports Editor
. . . . Associate Sports Editor
. . . . Associate Sports Editor
. . . . Women's Editor
. . .Associate Women's Editor
. .Associate Women's Editor
Busines. Staff

Elizabeth A. Carpenter .
Margery att ' .

Business Manager
Associate Business Manager

Telephone 23-24-1

Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
piblication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.25, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Prets, 1943-44
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

k'- ;;3!.- . A

:y DREW '
WASHINGTON, May 26-General,
Eisenhower has just issued an order
which will mean all the difference in
the world to harmony between U. S."
and British troops during the inva-
He has ordered that all American
Red Cross entertainment centers and
other recreational hostels shall be
open to all Allied troops, and that
prices shall be lowered to meet the
pay of the lowest-paid soldier.
This may not seem so on the sur-
face, but to those famliar with the
unfort unate feeling between British
and American troops in England, it
is all important. It goes back to
the fact that American troops are
the highest paid in the world, and
have been able to put British troops
in the shade socially through sup-
erior buyi ig power.
When British Tommies see their
girls go off with strangers who can
afford to buy them a better time, it
doesn't help morale. In addition to
this, the American Red Cross has
taken over various big mansions in
England and transformed them into
comfortable, sometimes luxurious
recreation centers for American
No 'Keep Oul' Signs-...
Some American Red Cross workers'
have taken the initiative into their
own hands and invited British troops
into American centers. Their theory
has been that, when soldiers of the
Allied armies got to know each
other, bickering and jealousy would
disappear. The idea has worked
when tried out, but it has not been
tried out very much.
General Eisenhower has now ruled
that when Allied troops land in
Western Europe, American centers
shall be thrown open to all Allied
troops, and that prices shall be re-
duced to meet the meager salary of
the British Tommy.
General Eisenhower felt that it
would not be good for Allied coopera-
tion if British troops, when near an
American recreation center, should
be met with a "Keep Out" sign. Na-
turally, British hostels will be open
to American troops also.
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Synd.)

IN THE good old days, we are told.
students and professors used to
get together in Spring Parleys to
discuss the state of the world, and
what could be done about it. Al-
though the parleys have died out,
the world is in as great need of dis-
cussion as ever, and the "what's to
be done"s are still numerous.
We now have, instead, several or-
ganizations which discuss bits of1
subjects for three hours an evening.
but which don't integrate these dis-
cussions. and out of which little ac-
tivity results. This is partly due to
the fact that the discussions aren't
long enough to lead to basic con-
clusions, and partly because we stu-
dents seem to be incapable of carry-
ing out programs once they have
been worked out.
Now, near the end of the se-
mester, it might be well if all the
organizations on campus with
somewhat similar functions: SRA,
Hillel, Post-War Council, Inter-
Racial Association, MYDA, etc.,
get together to plan a really com-
prehensive extra-curricular pro-
gram for the summer. It can in-
clude discussions on current poli-
tical subjects from several points
of view, and with more preparation
by more students, so that old ideas
aren't just thrown around, but
some of the "outside reading" we
boast cf can be put to good use.
And it might very properly spon-
sor jointly a series of movies,
somewhat similar to those the Art
Cinema League used to show.
Foreign films, documentaries, his-
torical ones which have been dis-
tributed very little, and ones in
conjunction with University cours-
es could be used.
It is especially important that the
campus remeiber that it is a part of
the community by participating in
local elections. It can do this most
effectively by cooperating with the
political action committee being set
up in Washtenaw County among
members of organized labor, the fac-
ulty and students, and community
groups. The first thing is to get Ann
Arbor residents to register to vote in
the primariesnbefore Junei21, the
final. date. ,And then a voting booth
should be set up on campus to help
absentee voters unwind the red tape
of ballotting this year.

It also woulci te wise if these
groups, their leaders, members and
faculty advisors, seriously try to find
out why so many good activities end
up half-planned. It isn't that stu-
dents are fundamentally irresponsi-
ble, because these same students do
good and consistent work on pro-
jects they are truly interested in,
when they know how. But they
don't like to be told how, and some-
times they feel that there is no need
for responsible action on campus,
"Wait till we get in the WAC, and
then we'll obey orders."
BUT TiAT'S no answer. It is as
important to conduct polls pro-
perly and get to meetings on time
and carry out campaigns efficiently
now as it will be to become good
soldiers or war workers later. This
is an educational institution, and
certainly a good pface to learn pro-
cedures we'll need all our lives.
It isn't enough for us to shrug
our shoulders with the cry that
self-discipline has no place in col-
lege life, and that the only kinds
of standards we'll live up to are
those imposed from above. Al-
though this attitude is somewhat
natural in wartime, when so much
discipline does of necessity come
from above, it is certainly not one
we want carried over into the post-
war period. Democratic peoples
more than all others, perhaps, need
to be able to figure out disciplined
ways of carrying out the things
they believe in. They have to reg-
ister to vote ON TIME; they have
to make it their business to find
out how the local candidates stand
on various issues; they have to
consciously become active and
trusted members of their comimun-
ity groups,
These things can be learned in
college if we decide that they are
important. Perhaps if Dr. Maier re-
peated his evening non-credit course
in Qualities of Democratic Leader-
ship it would help, although this
alone is not the answer. But cer-
tainly if all the groups now working
separately to solve the problem de-
cided to try to solve it by working
together, we might be able to re-in-
troduce spring parleys with a mean-
ing, and to be intelligent and cap-
able citizens when we graduate.
-Ann Fagan.


Clock Watcher

France, De Gaulle
B ECAUSE Gen. Charles De Gaulle and his Com-
mittee of National Liberation have never been
the legally constituted government of France,
we cannot recognize it as such. Secretary Hull
emphasizes it. And Roosevelt is flatly behind
This attitude is not limited to a refusal to
recognize De Gaulle; it provides further that we
attempt to ignore De Gaulle. Nor is suspicion of
him beyond rthe limits of this first "expedient,"
now "cautious" attitude.
It seems that we must first understand that
we are not to trust De Gaulle blindly. There is
little danger that we shall. We are to consider
that he may have personal ambitions-for in-
stance, he may wish to set himself up as dictator
in France. That about a man who has never
termed his Committee anything but a temporary
arrangement and promises an election shortly
after the liberation of France.
We are told that there are some factions
outside of France which do not support Dc
Gaulle and that, therefore, there must be some
of the same element within France. Mr. Roose-
velt has similar opposition. Mr. Churchill has
the same problem. Is any popular leader with-
out opponents? And lastly De Gaulle reputed-
ly has a most disagreeable personality-he just
can't seem to get along with anyone-except
the French people, who,,we insist, must choose
their own leaders.
NOW, on the eve of invasion, De Gaulle is in-
vited to go to London "to talk things over."
We still do not admit that he is best qualified to
lead his resistance forces in aiding us; Gen.
Eisenhower is to decide that. It's a bit hazy just
what Roosevelt expects our troops to find in
:France-perhaps a great, amiable and hidden
leader of whom the French have never heard.
Roosevelt evidently is most responsible for
the "don't befriend De . Gaulle movement."
This was clear when we asked Gen. Henri
Giraud to visit us last summer. But powerful
and influencial as we are, our attempts to play
Giraud ahead of De Gaulle just didn't work.
What we may expect to gain from this attitude
is not at all clear. We know the French under-
ground forces will be of the utmost value in the
invasion. And these forces rally around De
THIS IS CLEAR when pictures of the Maquis
show them with the Croix de Lorraine, the
De Gaulle emblem. And it is clear in their news-
papers. "Liberation" carries a quotation from
Ie Gaulle as a part of its masthead. "Combat"
recognizes "in Gen. De Gaulle the one who rep-
resents the will of the French people and who
symbolizes their resistance to the oppressor."
It is true that De Gaulle probably wants to
build a greater France than we do. His faith
in the French people is boundless. "Twenty
centuries of history," he says, "show that we
are always right in having faith in France."
What people here are thinking of this attitude
is becoming more and more apparent. Samuel
Grafton repeatedly criticizes it rather violently,
but he, of course, never mentions Roosevelt in
connection with it.
MARQUIS CHILDS stated in the Detroit Free

I'd Bather Be Bight

NEW YORK, May 26.-The French under-
ground will want function, a role, a job, after we
arrive. It will want activity. It will have been
fighting for the liberation of France for four
years, and it will not welcome, it will not be able
to endure, unemployment in this field.
Here is the clue to our whole relationship with
the French underground. What job will we give.
it? General Eisenhower has wisely instructed
the underground, by radio, to prepare maps, to
list clearings, to assemble data on the strength of
bridges. But the French underground will not
be content to sit by the wayside and point out
the road to Paris,
It will want to point out the road to the future,
and it will want to walk on that road.
Immediate use must be found for the under-
ground formations, as formations. 'The under-
ground organizations are all that now exists of
an organized France. The rest of France has
either been jailed or atomized; either frozen or
But the underground has been building gen-
uine institutions. It has given France its first
clean and honest, though illegal, press. Its
executive arm is a kind of police force, the only
one in France which-can be trusted to be thor-
oughly anti-fascist. To dissolve these organi-
zations would unintentionally complete Hitler's
program for the pulverization of France.
French fascism has never been able to dissolve
the underground. We must not innocently do
it for it.
T ODAY when members of the Veterans of
Foreign Wars post in Ann Arbor appear on
the streets to sell poppies, most of the students
will not have to think of reasons why they should
step up and buy the flowers at the highest price.
There is no worry about inflationary talk
here when you are urged to pay the highest
that you can. There is no price ceiling on that
amount. Your needed contributions will be
aiding the disabled veterans of World War I
and II and their children if there is no one
else to take care of them.
The VFW has financed, built and maintained
for some time the children's home at Eaton
Rapids, Mich., and a large part of the proceeds
from today's Poppy Day will go toward this
project. It is certainly one of the worthy causes
that has come to the public's attention and de-
serves the support of everybody.
It has been emphasized that each poppy
costs between four and five cents and the dis-
abled veteran receives one cent from each
flower that he makes. So figure it out for
yourself how much more is needed above the
expenses; buy your poppy and wear it proudly.
-Dorothy Potts

The question of our relations with the French
underground is not a question of whether it will
like us or hate us, in static fashion. This is
not a romance on a spark bench. The quality of
our relations rests on how much we do together,
and on whether we spall be together, or opposed.
Whether the underground likes us or dislikes
us, trusts us or distrusts us has not yet been
decided; it will be decided by our ability to work
with it; to find use for it. It is no set thing;
it is a fluid question; the answer is up to us.
We must watch out for a recurrence of that
strange political apathy which came to South-
ern Italy with our landing craft. Anne
O'Hare McCormick has noted brilliantly, in
the Times, how guerrilla aetivity flares in
Northern Italy where we are not, dies in South-
ern Italy, where we are. The Italians are
apathetic only where we are among them. We
come to rebuild. Yet something happens; the
first effect of our presence is to dissolve, and
to relax.
Our desire for what we call "order" is almost
a, mania; it might even be called disorderly be-
cause of its disintegrating effect on popular or-
ganization wherever we come in contact with it.
The French National Committee has sworn in
the entire organized underground, as a legal part
of the French ai:my. We must recognize this
organizational reality. We must find a way to
keep underground organizations on the far side
of the battle line going, as our partisans, and
we must keep the underground organizations on
our side of the line intact, as the living link
with these partisans. The underground will be
no problem if we use it. It will be a problem only
if we try to kill it.
We must not expect the underground to
resemble our own remote vision of it. It will
probably be proud, perhaps stubborn, touchy;
it may even seem arrogant. We must try to
understand. We shall be taking over the job
to which it will have devoted years of peril;
the job of freeing France. We must expect a
reaction if we do this in flat terms of dismissal,
ousting, firing.
These men and women know something about
the freeing of France. They will expect to be
listened to. We must, deep in our hearts, un-
derstand how much they will expect that.
These are only some of the considerations that
come tumbling to life as the hour of invasion
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
Statistics on the Democratic and Republican
conventions in Chicago have already been com-
piled by statisticians who would rather be first
than right. They run to 150,000 hot dogs, 250,-
000 bottle of soda pop, 40,000 ham sandwiches,
500,000 bags of peanuts, 300,000 cups of coffee.
-St. Louis Post-Dispatch



SATURDAY, MAY 27, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 146!
All notices for The Daily Official Ilul-
estin are to be sent to the office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
The General Library, all Collegiate
and Departmental Libraries, and all
Study Halls will be closed on Memor-
ial Day, Tuesday, May thirtieth.
Admission to the School of Bus-
iness Admrinistration: Application for
admission to this School beginning
with the Summer Term must be filed
not later than June 1. Information
and application blanks available in*
Rm. 108, Tappan Hall.
La Sociedad H-ispanica offers two
fifty dollar ($50.00) scholarships to
the National University of Mexico
Summer Session. Students interested
please apply at Rm. 302 Romance
Languages Building not later than
May 29.
A cademic Notices
Preliminary Examinations for the
Doctorate in the School of Education:
These examinations will be held on
June 15, 16 and 17. Anyone desiring
to take them should notify Dr. Woo-
dy's Office not later than May 31.
Master's Candidates in History:
The language examinations for Mas-
ter's Candidates in History will be
held on Friday, June 2, at 4 p.m. in
Rm. B, Haven Hall. Those intending
to take the examination should sign
up in the History Office, 119 H.H.,
during the week before the examina-
Doctoral Examination for William
Madison Boyd, Political Science; the-
sis: "The Administration of Terri-
tories and Island Possessions by the
United States," Monday, May 29,
East Council Room, Rackham, at
2 p.m. Chairman, E. S. Brown.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend this ex-

amination, and he may grant permis-
sion to those who for sufficient rea-
son might wish to be present.
Faculty Recital: Kathleen Rinck,
pianist, and Dorothy Ornest Feld-
man, soprano, will be heard in a pro-
gram of compositions by Schubert, at
4:15 p.m., Sunday, May 28, in Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre.
The public is cordially invited.
Events Today
Bingo Party and Dance: Don't miss
this USO Bingo Party and Dance,
today. Bigger and better than the
last Bingo Party. Prizes. We guaran-
tee you will enjoy it. Bingo in the
Tavern Roomn. Dancing in the Ball-
room. Refreshments will be served.
The Michigan Sailing Club will
meet at 1 today in the Union.
Wesley Foundation: A group will
meet at the church at 5 o'clock to go
to the Island for a picnic supper and
baseball. Call 6881 for reservations.
Gamma Delta, Lutheran Student
Club, will have a supper meeting
today at the Lutheran Student Cen-
ter, beginning at 5:30. Outdoor rec-
reation from 4 on.
Coming Events
The Society of Women Engineers
will hold a special meeting at 2:30
p.m. in the Michigan League on Sun-
day, May 28, 1944.
The Graduate Outing Club will
meet Sunday at 2:30 p.m. for a hike
at the club quarters in the Rackham
Building, entrance northwest corner.
All graduate and professional stu-
dents and alumni are cordially in-
vited to attend.,
There will be an executive commit-
tee meeting of Michigan Youth for
Democratic Action at.4:30 p.m. Mon-
day, in the Union. Presence of mem-
bers is compulsory.
The Phi Kappa Phi iitiation of
new members will be held in the
Rackham Amphitheatre at 8 o'clock,
Tuesday, June 6. The initiation will
be followed by a reception in the
Assembly Hall. All members are in-
vited to attend.
Thought for the Future: USO Pic-'

social hour and supper followed by
the installation of the new officers.
First Congregational Church: State
and William Streets. Church School
sessions at 9:25 a.m. and 10:45. At
the service of public worship Dr. Parr
will speak on "The Broken Walls."
At 5 the Congregational-Disciples
Guild will meet fob supper and the
installation of officers.
Student's Evangelical Chapel, 218
N. Division. The regular worship
services will be held at 10:30- and at
7:30. The Rev. Leonard Verdulin will
preach at both services. The chapel
is sponsored by the Christian Re-
formed Church.
University Lutheran Chapel: Ser-
vice Sunday morning at 11. Sermon
by the Rev. Alfred Scheips, "Jesus
Interprets Pentecost."
First Presbyterian Church: Morn-
ing Worship at 10:45 a.m., Subject
of the sermon by Dr. Lembn is "Be-
tween Ourselves." Westminster Guild
at 5 p.m. will be led by the Reverend
Leonard Verduin.
First Methodist.Church and Wesley
Foundation: Student Class at 9:30
a.m. Prof. Kenneth Hance, leader,
Morning Worship Service at 10:40
o'clock. Dr. C. W. Brashares will
.preach on the theme "Transfigura-
tion." Wesleyan Guild Meeting-we
will-leave the church at 4 o'clock for
an outdoor meeting at "The Mead-
ows." Dr. E. W. Blakeman will speak
on "The Christian in the Post-War
World." Supper and fellowship fol-
lowing the meeting.
First Church of Christ, Scientist,
409 S. Division Street. Wednesday
evening service at 8 p.m. Sunday
morning service at 10:30 a.m. Sub-
ject, "Ancient and Modern Necro-
mancy, alias Mesmerism and Hypno-
tism, Denounced." Sunday School at
11:45 a.m. A convenient reading room
is maintained by this church at 106
E. Washington Street where the
Bible, also the Christian Science
Textbook, "Science and Health with
Key to the Scriptures" and other
writings by Mary Baker Eddy may be
read, borrowed or purchased. Open
daily except Sundays and holidays
from 11:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Saturdays
until 9 p.m.
The Lutheran Student Association
will have its Little Ahram this Sun-
day. The group will leave from the
Parish Hall, 309 'E. Washington St.,,


By Crockett Johnson

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