Sri U1 I '"
Fair and Cooler
VOL. LIV No. 146 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MAY 27, 1944
PRICE FIVE CE1 T°r
By The Associated Press
DETROIT, May 26. - A renew
outbreak of a dispute that last we
made 11,700 employes in seven Oh.
sler plants idle, kept 1,500 afterno
shift workers at Chysler's Highla
Park plant from their jobs today.
A company spokesman said so
200 "pickets, including many wom
ringed six gates of the plant and t
the workers made no attempt to p
the picket line. He said shortly b
fore the day shift ended, 600 e
ployes walked out of the plant.
16 Head Strike
Chrysler's public relations off
said today's " demonstration was
by some of the 16 employes discha
ed May 16 after unionists had ejecb
three company supervisors from 1
President R. J. Thomas of the U
ited Automobile Workers (CI) urg
employes to disregard the pickets.
warned the pickets that they mug
be expelled from the union.
Thomas said the pickets apparen
ly were influenced by disgrunt
leaders of the group discharged
the company in the row with sup
Other Shutdowns Result
From that dispute grew the sh'
down of other plants, a stoppage t
ended only when the United Au
mobile Workers (CIO) Internation
Union threatened disciplinary act
against local Union 490. This act:
followed the end of the walkout, 1
International removing officers of t
Local and appointing an administ:
for for its affairs.
In other labor disputes in Detr
and Michigan, more than 7,000 w
Will Be Today
To Be Sold in Leagu
Remaining tickets for "Bouleva
Ball," to be held from 8:30 p.m.
midnight today in Waterman Gy
nasium, will be sold from 9 a.m.
noon today in the League Lobby.
The dance, which combines for
first time the efforts of Panhelle
and Assembly organizations, is
only all-campus coed-bid event.
will feature the music of Jerry W
and. his orchestra and the songs
his vocalist, Ginny Powell.
Intermission entertainment will
elude Doc Fielding as master of c
emonies, the Co. D quartet sing
songs from their forthcoming musi
comedy, "Rumor Has It," and one
the outstanding songs from the
cent Junior Girls Play.
In keeping with the theme
"Boulevard Ball," Waterman Gy
nasium will be turned into a pa
complete with trees, shrubs and r
The central committee for
dance is composed of a Panhelle
and Assembly chairman for ea
committee, and is headed by Mari
Sharpe, '45A, and Florine Wilk
'45. Members of the central co
mittee include Nora McLaughl
'46, and Lee Chaice, '46, patro
Jean Wick, '46A, Marian Hrebek,
and Elaine Bailey, '46, tickets; Fr
ces Popkins, '45, and Joyce Liv
more, '45, publicity; Peg Weiss,
and Sam Watts, '45, music; Alice A
Ritchie, '45BAd., and Jane Arch
'46, finance; Jane Arner, '46, a
Mary Elizabeth Chapman, '46, p3
grams; Barbara Moore, '44Ed.,a
Betsy Perry, '45A, decorations.
Poppy Sale for Disabled
T raek T eam
By HANK MANTHO
Coach Ken Doherty's Wolverine
ed track squad which trekked to Cham-
eek paign yesterday to meet all comers
ry- in the Big Ten outdoor finals, will
rybegin the defense of their crown
on today with the preliminaries getting
nd under way at 10 a.m., while the finals
will start at 2:30 p.m.
me Michigan, 25 strong, and though
en they have been plagued by hard luck
htall week, will still enter the fray as
hat favorites. The main competition will
ass come from Purdue and Illinois, as
be- these three teams form the power-
m houses of the midwest.
Coach Leo Johnson of the Orange
and Blue will be striving for points
to add to the expected total that his
ice star sprinter, Claude (Buddy) Young
led will accumulate in the meet. Young
rg- will probably take the 100 and 220
ed yard dashes with ease, and can with
the a reasonable amount of accuracy be
counted upon to take the broadjump,
Tn- if Elroy Hirsch of Michigan cannot
ed compete. At the same time, and
He sensing the value of points in this
ht meet, Coach Johnson may also run
Young in the 220-yard low hurdles.
nt- Thus, if he was successful in winning
led these four events, Young would be
by the first to match the record of 20
er points in one meet established by
See VARSITY, p. 3
ut- Netters Point
na 1O r Big Ten
the R1t/ 1 dCL
ra- By DAVE LOEWENBERG
Special to The Daily
oit EVANSTON, ILL., - Unbeaten in
ere six Big Ten natches, Michigan's ten-
nis squad will be favored to capture
the title as nine teams will open
play today in the annual Western
Conference net championships.
The Wolverine netters won their
last championship in 1941 and in
1942 Northwestern edged them out by
one point for the title. Last year the
racqueteers finished fifth.
The 1944 team has a record of
e eight wins against one loss, their
only defeat coming at the hands of
and Notre Dame in a close 5-4 battle.
to This year's team has no individual
to standouts but it is one of the most
m~ well-balanced teams in Michigan's
to history. Merle Gulic, playing in the
number three slot, is the only man
the who has a perfect record in singles
nic and doubles play.
the Jinx Johnson, marking his fourth
It year of competition for the Maize
ald and Blue netters is a slight favorite
of to capture the individual Big Ten
championship. Johnson's only loss
in- in conference competition occurred
er- in the Minnesota Match against
ing John Adams. Johnson, however,
ical broke his glasses during the match,
of See NETTERS, p. 3
of FEPC Saved by
m- Four House Votes
us- WASHINGTON, May 26. -(p)- A
four-vote margin saved one of Presi-
the dent Roosevelt's most controversial
nic agencies, the Fair Employment Prac-
ach tices Committee (FEPC), tonight as
cia the House passed the $1,033,358,367
ins, War Agencies Appropriation Bill.
im- Less than an hour before a roll-call
in, vote of 247 to 58 sent to the Senate
ns; the omnibus measure financing al-
'44, most a score of home front war
an- agencies for the year starting July 1.
Troops Drive Within 16 Miles of Rome;
Capture Mountain Stronghold of Cori
B The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, NAPLES, May 26.-Hard-driving veteran
American tank and infantry forces tonight apparently were pushing the
Germans ste tdily out of Velletri, strong-point of the Nazis' new "last-ditch"
defense line 16 miles below Rome.
The Americans in a companion drive today smashed six miles beyond
newly-captured Cisterna and took the Germans' mountain strong-hold of
Late tonight Daniel De Luce, Associated Press correspondent with the
SERVICE AT DAYBREAK-Morning sunlight spot lights the cross as Chaplain Stewart Rankin, Putnam
Station, N.Y., leads services aboard a Goast Guard cutter in the Atlantic.
EIGHT DAY OFFENSIVE:
Bombers Repeat Blast on Lyon,
Rip Tailroads in South France
By The Associated Press
LONDON, May 26 - Between 500
and 750 Italy-based American heavy
bombers blasted railyards at Lyon,
funnel point for Nazi defenses in
southern France, for the second time
in two days today, and ripped other
rail installations in the south of
France, bringing a. furious aerial of-
fensive against fortress Europe into
its eighth straight day.
Weather Halts British
The weather halted the heavy of-
fensive from Britain after a devas-
tating week in which more than 32,-
000 Allied aircraft battered pre-in-
vasion targets with some 35,000 tons
of bombs. American Thunderbolts
operating as fighter-bombers at-
tacked enemy airfields and rail tar-
gets in northern France in the aft-
ernoon, however, and Britain-based
Mosquito Bombers resumed their
harassment against Nazi installa-
tions in -the same area, attacking
In the last daylight hours Ameri-
can medium Marauders attacked
bridges in northern France and an
airfield near Chartres while a Havoc
attack bombed an airfield at Beau-
mont-Sur-Oise, also in France.
325 Planes Participate
More than 325 medium bombers
participated in the operation, in
which one Marauder and one Thun-
derbolt escort were reported missing.
One enemy fighter was shot down.
The Marauders, racing -40 miles
southwest of Paris for their 17th
attack on Luftwaffe bases in seven
Patriotic .Instructor Adolph
Scheeberger of Local Post Oraf 0'-
Hara 423 of the Veterans of Foreign
Wars said yesterday that the object
of the drive now being launched by
the V.F.W. is to get people all over
the United States to write letters to
men and women in the service on
The project, he pointed out, is
being backed by newspapers over the
entire country. It is hoped, he said,
that every student and member of
the faculty will aid in making the
drive a great success.
"We, the veterans of foreign wars."
he asserted, "can understand a man's
yearning and his hunger for letters
that bridge the fox hole and the ship
with home and real things of life."
days, were reported to have caused
heavy damage at Chartres. The
flak there was intense, but lighter
elsewhere, returning pilots reported.
P-47 and P-38 fighter-bombers
bombed two airfields, machine-
gunned another and bombed a bridge
in northern France.
InB arents Sea
LONDON, May 27, Saturday--()-
The Russians reported early today
that bombers of the Red fleet air
force had attacked German troop-
ships in the Barernts Sea, north of
Norway, early Friday morning, sink-
ing two transports and a destroyer
and damaging three others.
Earlier the Germans, in a com-
munique, had reported the attack on
their convoy and claimed to have
shot down 69 of 80 attacking planes.
The Russian bulletin said only seven
bombers were lost in repeated "mass
attacks with bombs, gunfire and
This was the first time in months
any large scale German troop con-
voys have been reported in Arctic
The Soviet communique supple-°
ment said the convoy consisted of
five transports, five destroyers and
other "guard ships" and an air cover.
Transports sunk the Russians said,
had a displacement of 15,000 tons.
The Soviets also claimed they had
shot down ten German planes.
There was virtually no ground ac-
tivity, the supplement said, the only
skirmishes being southeast of Stan-
islawow where for weeks the Germans
have been making reconnaissance
Triple Cuts To Be Given
On M d Wedonday, Wednesday
Students of the College of Liter-
ature, Science and the Arts who
are absent from classes on either
Monday or Wednesday following
the Memorial Day holiday will be
given triple cuts, according to
Assistant Dean Erich A. Walter.
Japanese in Marshalls,
North Burma Face Ruin
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 26. - The
Navy announced tonight that -Army
and Navy planes had attacked Kusaie
and Ponape Islands both in the Caro-
lines, and also had bombed enemy
positions in the Marshalls.
Meanwhile outnumbered Japanese
facing inevitable defeat are clinging
doggedly to remnants of their north
Burma base at Myitkyina, Allied com-
manders reported yesterday.
Superior Allied forces, firmly es-
tablished on the nearby airfield and
outskirts of the town, apparently were
waiting for native troops driving'
down from the north to get closer
to Myitkyina before unleashing their
final smash. More Allied reinforce-
ments were flown in between rain-
storms while mortars and machine-
guns frustrated every Japanese at-
tempt to escape from the trap or to
bring in relief columns.
Nipponese columns in eastern In-
dia which once threatened to under-
mine the Burma action faced a sim-
ilar plight. Some 8,500 dead Japan-
ese imperial troops have been counted
in the area. Others are encircled,
and their supply lines cut.
Fifth Army south of Rome, reported t
Asserts FDR Lacked
Auxthority for Seizure
Of Company' Plant
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 26. - Every
government agency concerned with
the Montgomery Ward case was
taken sharply to task today in a Sen-
ate Judiciary Subcommittee report
which held that President Roosevelt
had "no constitutional or statutory
authority" to order seizure of the
company's Chicago plant.
The report, which attributed "er-
roneous, misleading, irrelevant and
immaterial statements and allega-
tions" to Attorney General Francis
Biddle, was assailed by the latter
in turn as containing "absurd con-
Biddle, target of the subcommitee's
severest criticism, declared he had
been denied an opportunity to appear
before the group and likened its in-
vestigation to "star chamber meth-
"No cases are cited in the report,"
Biddle asserted, "in concluding that
the President did not have the con-
stitutional powers to act in the
Montgomery Ward case. The sub-
committee makes no reference to
the Supreme Court cases which
clearly recognize such powers, ..."
Biddle said he had referred the
subcommittee to those cases since he
had mentioned them in a brief filed
in the Ward case.
The subcommittee, which split two
to one on its findings, said the At-
torney General "was misadvised"
when he ruled that the President was
empowered under the War Labor Dis-
putes Act to seize the Montgomery
hat fires were raging in Velletri and
that there were indications that the
enemy had pulled his artillery back
into the hills out of the city.
He said there still were some pock-
ets of stubborn enemy resistance near
Velletri, but indicated these were be-
ing cleared up, quoting the captain
in charge of one tank force as re-
porting his men had killed 200 Ger-
mans in mopping up a single position.
Nine Towns Captured
The 'Allied armies swept ahead on
all fronts, headquarters announcing
the capture of nine towns and half
a dozen important heights.
The- plunge to Cori carried the
beachheadl forces nearly halfway from
Cisterna to the Via Casilina, escape
highway for tens of thousands of
German troops hastily falling back
toward Rome from the shattered
Hitler Line in the Liri Valley and ad-
jacent mountains. The imperilled
enemy forces represented the bulk of
the German Tenth Army.
Nazis Abandon Monte Cairo
There was evidence the Nazis were
aware of the danger and were with-
drawing with all speed toward their
new defense line. Today they aban-
doned lofty Monte Cairo, towering
height just north of Cassino, and the
town of Roccasecca, eight miles fur-
ther west. San Giovanni, at the
southern edge of the Liri Valley and
four miles from the Via Casilina,
also was evacuated in the retreat.
* * *
Invasion Is Soon
WASHINGTON, May 2.- (J)-
President Roosevelt dropped a hint
today that the Allied offensive a-
gainst Europe is not far off, saying
the actions coming off this summer
ought to be called the liberation
rather than the invasion of Europe.
In a news conference, Mr. Roose-
velt also said he hoped to have an-
other conference with Prime Minis-
ter Churchill but was indefinite as
to the time.
Asked if he expected to see the
British leader this summer, he said
in the summer, the fall or the late
In a discussion of post-war plan-
ning, Mr. Roosevelt said ideas for a
post-war plan for over-all security
have been reduced to a rough draft
and, in response to a question, that
he was finding Russia a satisfactory
and cooperative collaborationist.
Managers Hold First
'Good Will' Luncheon
By The Associated Press
A home-stretch drive for support
of Gov. John W. Bricker's candidacy
for the Republican presidential nom-
ination was begun by the Ohioan's
managers yesterday with the first of
a series of "good-will" luncheons at
the Capitol in Washington. Every
Republican member of Congress will
be invited at one time or another
during the next few weeks.
Rep. E. Rowe of Akron, who held
the first of the luncheons, attended
by a dozen House Republicans, told
a reporter afterwarm:
"Several of my guests were strong-
ly committed for Gov. Thomas E.
Dewey when they arrived for lunch,
but left with open minds."
Bricker, Dewey and Gov. Eal War-
ren of California, all GOP national
ticket possibilities, will speak at the
Governor's Conference in Hershey
and Harrisburg, Pa, next week.
FAR-EASTERN CUL TURE:
Stuent G iven Opportunity
To Meet Chinese on Campus
Editor's Note: This is the third and last in a series of articles on China.
Today's article is by Dr. Edward W. Blakeman, counselor in religious education
as told to The Daily.
A full knowledge of a great people
like the Chinese would require one to
live in China and seriously dig into its
important history and literature. For
those of us who cannot do that, the
privilege of meeting selected products
of that culture will have to suffice.
In this we are abundantly blessed at
the University of Michigan because
a large number of Chinese are al-'
ways with us.
30 Years of Counseling
One comes to appreciate the distri-
bution of favorable characteristics as
he deals with Chinese students year
after year. As a result of 30 years
counseling of Chinese at the Univer-
sities of Wisconsin, California and
Michigan, it is possible to report that
there is no field in which American
students excel, in which they cannot
be equalled by these visitors from the
land of Confucius. I've known them
to win in oratory, debating, tennis,
piano, architecture and to win elec-
tions to honor societies because of
proficiency in science, government,
mathematics, religion and psychol-
Movie Is Excellent
The portrayal of current Chinese
life as planned for the Rackham Au-
ditorium this evening is excellent.
May I be pardoned for asking my Am-
erican friends to enjoy these movies
with me as one goes to a worship or
to a sacrament, having in mind that
the most numerous people of any
nation in the world today is ignomin-
iously suffering invasion. W~e should
remember that their loyalty andtheir
skill are being forfeited with their
lives for want of the machinery for
F',ilmrs on China Will
.fe Showrn Todayv
$88,000 IN GIFTS ACCEPTED:
Regents Approves Conversion of Old Hospital
Approving conversion of the old
Psychonathic Hospital into living
cilities has existed since the School
of Nursing increased new enroll-
to pay for the regular University tui-
tion plus all required instruction in
A result of several year's study of
the problem of providing education