Fty -gau Y at
U'd ather leftight
By SAMUiEL cPRAFTOlN
P en dukqn
Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan tinder the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Jane Farrant. . . . Managing Editor
Claire 1herman .Editorial Director
Stan Wallace . . . . . City Editor
Evelyn Phillips . . . . Associate Editor
Harvey Frank . . . . . . . Sports Editor
Bud Low . . . , . Associate Sports Fditor
Jo Ann Peterson . . . Associate Sports Editor
Mary Anne Olson . . . Women's Editor
Marjorie Hall . . Associate Women's Editor
Marjorie Rosmarin Associate Women's Editor
Elizabeth A. Carpenter . . . . Business Manager
Margery Batt . . Associate Business Manager
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
NIGHT EDITOR: BETTY KOFFMAN
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
K ., ,. I
Na . ',i
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**Hold It, Men!'
NEW YORK, May 19-Most of the
Republican candidates have taken a
line against President Roosevelt
which is likely to kick back and em-
barrass them during the coming cam-
paign, and because I was taught at
my mother's knee to be helpful to
suffering fellow creatures, I rise. to
warn them of it.
Almost every jack among them
dislikes and distrusts federal govern-
ment. They have said so. often. The
Republican preference, clearly ex-
pressed, is for state government. So,
in a sense, the nomination of any
leading states'-rightser has to be
viewed as a boring-from-within op-
eration, an effort to capture the fed-
eral government so as to keep it from
governing. They want to have the
job so as not to do it.
Mr. Dewey, to take one example,
is afflicted with a vast pessimism
concerning t h e instrumentality
which he seeks to have placed in his
hands. He has said, many times,
that major decisions, even in such
fields as agricultural planning, are
best made locally. So he is, in a
sense, a man pledged against strong
federal action; the main direction of
his campaign lies along the promise
that he will be a president who will
not bother anybody.
While Mr. Dewey does not go
quite so far as the Chicago T'ri-
hune, whose idea of a proper fed-
eral government would be a big
navy entirely surrounded by Clare
Hbffman, it still remains true that
Mr. Dewey has argued that the
federal government ought to do
less and less, rather than more and
more. He does not want to get in
there and do; he wants to get in
there and not do.
Mr. Dewey is, as I say, much more
moderate than some of the extreme
states' rights men, who, hate all the
capitals of the world with a fine and
equal hatred, loathing London, Mos-
cow and Washington with almost
Yet he is running (or his friends
are running for him) a curious,
inverted campaign, based on the
usual pledge that, if elected, he
will do less than the incumbent.
The usual campaign promise is a
promise to do more.
Sometimes, when the wispy clouds
are scudding across the moon, and
the winds of oratory are blowing
right, one gets the feeling, especially
among the lesser contenders, that
they turn something of the same eye
upon Washington as that which the
Yanks in Italy turn upon Cassino.
They want to get in there and blot
out the enemy headquarters. They
are committing themselves, rather
heedlessly, to an administration
somewhere between the inert and
the cataleptic. They seem to be pro-
mising to pull down the federal ap-
paratus, and to let the ruins stand
as a kind of museum, with a Presi-
dent installed as a night watchman,
sitting in a tipped-back chair among
the empty buildings and the quiet
Yet, some evening, while a candi-
date is fixing his dress tie for the
big speech, the news may be brought
to him that the price of wheat has
fallen thirty cents in a week. The
chipper speech he had prepared,
about how pernicious is federal in-
terference with agriculture, and how
adorable is the law of supply and
demand, will strangle in his throat.
It is a thin, flat position some of
these men have drifted into. A de-
cline in a handful of indices will
leave them utterly unable to cast a
0, for round men, of three di-
mensions made! I hate to keep
bringing up Mr. Willkie, but I once
did hear him tell a group of farm-
er's in a small Indiana town that
their new-found love for the law
of supply and demand was the
funk, and that they had better
think ahead to a time when they
might need federal help. They
didn't like it, either. And he didn't
(Copyright, 1944, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
SEIVERAL WEEKS AGO Dr. Ruthven made the
statemernt that any group of adults could
carry on a more intelligent discussion than any
group of undergraduates.
With the sincere desire to absorb some of this
adult intelligence, we went to Rackham Audi-
tOrium Thursday to sit in on an Adult Education
Institute panel discussion on Post-War Problems
of Labor and Employment.
As it transpired, no questions on post-war labor
and employment were to be answered. One of
the panel's members announced that he did not
want to see full employment after the war. Ac-
cording to him, it would be much more desir-
able not to work but to lie under a fig tree all
When Prof. Riegel presented figures demon-
strating the job to be done if the problem of
post-war employment is to be solved, it made
the industrialists uncomfortable. They squirm-
ed in their chairs -and decided there was no
problem of post-war employment. It seems
there are so many grandmothers working in
industrial plants now, according to one of the
men on the platform, that once the grand-
niothers go back to being grandmothers, the
8$000,000 men (Prof. Riegel's figure) returning
from the fronts can simply step into the jobs
vacated by the grandmothers.
When it was time for questions from the floor
we thought, "Now we will see the intelligent dis-
cussion among adults of . which Dr. Ruthven
spoke. Now we will find how an army of un-
employed can be avoided during conversion and
contraction of our economy. Now we will know
the functions of management and labor, res-
pettively, in dealing with problems of post-war
labor and employment."
Instead, the audience, loading their guns with
emotion, ignorance of facts and a liberal amount
of vituperativeness, delightedly leveled them at
the lone labor leader.
T HEIR QUESTIONS, completely remote from
the post-war period, demanded justification
for war-time strikes, the closed shop and other
labor problems. Gibson, president of the Mich-
igan CIO Council and labor's only representative,
not only on the platform but to a large extent in
the audience, single handedly and, with the tone
of explaining about the birds and the bees, de-
fended labor's position. His questioners could
disagree only by closing their minds to his ex-
planations, and they did just that.
When the question of strike violence came
up and unions were being condemned for their
use of force, it was not a member of the group,
but an "outsider" in the audience who called
attention to the findings of the LaFollette
Civil Liberties Committee relative to man-
agement's strong arm tactics. In loading un-
ions with the responsibility of slowing up the
war effort the name of Sewell Avery was not
once mentioned-not once did any one suggest
that strikes may be the result of uncoopera-
tive management, perhaps even management
provoked to foster labor hatred, as revealed by
PM. No one brought out the fact that of all
the man hours lost in 1943 only one-fourth of
one per cent (.0025) could be attributed to
We undergraduates knew these facts, but it
was an adult discussion.
Undergraduates, too, are concerned with post-
war problems, and would benefit by discussion
of them. Because of their youth, they have a
large stake in the post-war period: for they will
be directly affected by labor and employment
conditions. They will be living in the post-war
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
WASHINGTON, May 19.-Handsome, hard-
hitting Major-General Patrick J. Hurley, ex-
Secretary of War under Hoover, has had a series
of conferences with Administration officials
which has left everyone breathing heavily and
which probably means he won't be too chummy
with the Administration any more.
The thing all began at Teheran, where Hurley
told the President he had some important ideas
regarding the Atlantic Charter and the Near
East. The President, then busy with Churchill
and Stalin, expressed his interest, but asked Pat
to submit a memo and talk to him later in
Hurley did so. He drafted a 30-page memo-
randum entitled, "A Proposal To Carry the Four
Freedoms and the Atlantic Charter to the Peo-
ples of the Near and Middle East."
In it, Hurley argued that part of the Near
East is ,controlled by the British-which, he
said, is not- the Atlantic Charter or the Four
Freedoms, but imperialism. Part of the Near
East, he continued, is controlled by Russia-
which is not the Four Freedoms, but commun-
Therefore, he proposed that the United States
serve as a guide to develop the Near East through
economic missionaries. Each government-Iran,
Iraq, Arabia, Syria, etc.-would invite the United
States to send a corps of economic advisers to
their countries-on irrigation, oil, crops, trees,
financial matters. These economic advisers, in
turn, would - invite various American business
representatives and corporations to come to the
Near East and help develop the different areas.
In this way, Hoover's ex-Secretary of War
argued, the Near East would enjoy the Four
Freedoms, and the United.States would enjoy
a commanding position in one of the richest
oil areas of the world. Hurley was paid $104,-
000 by Sinclair Oil in 1942 after he had gone
into uniform, though some of this was for
services rendered the previous year.
Conference with FDR...
Hurley called on the President with his plan
on a Saturday noon, had lunch and remained
three hours. Roosevelt seemed quite impressed
with Hurley's argument and also was rather
perturbed over Hurley's report on British lend-
lease activities in the Near East.
The General said that the British were sell-
ing U.S. lend-lease goods in the Near East in
order to enhance their prestige with Arab rul-
ers, and told how he had come across a large
automobile caravan of British scientists look-
ing.for locusts in the Arabian desert. The sus-
picion was that they might be oil men.
Among other things, Hurley argued that the
United States needed a strong soldier-ambassa-
dor in the Near East to keep an eye on the
British, and that he was the man to do the job.
He pointed out that 'military matters were so
important in that area that no American am-
bassador could work on a level with British mil-
itary conmanders unless he also had military
Therefore, Hurley, a major general, would
be perfectly qualified if given the rank of per-
manent ambassador to the Near East. He al-
ready held the honorary rank of roving am-
bassador through a cablegram from the Presi-
dent confirmed by a letter from Ed Stettinius.
The President, who has been fond of ebullient
Pat, already had a good man, Jim Landis, in
Cairo. He replied:
"Pat, you want to be petted all the time. I've
given you everything you wanted. I've followed
your policy in the Near East. I sent you to Iran
and to Moscow and China, and now you want
to be an ambassador."
"Without the rank of ambassador," countered
Hurley, "I wouldn't have the chance of a cut
cat on a back fence."
In the end, the President, who seemed to like
Hurley's plan for U.S. economic missions to the
Near East, sent it over to the State Department.
He asked Pat to talk about it further there.
Globaloney .+. .
In the State Department, Hurley's memo was
carefully studied, with divided opinions. Assist-
ant Secretary Adolf Berle and Wallace Murray,
political adviser on the Near East, were for it.
But Secretary Hull, Assistant Secretary Dean
Acheson and Under-secretary Stettinius were
One report on the Hurley plan described it
as "hysterical, Messianic globaloney." When
the ex-Secretary of War heard about this, he
was infuriated. Later, at a cocktail party, he
bumped into Wallace Murray, who dropped the
remark that the official who described the plan
as "hysterical, Messianic globaloney" was a
young man named Eugene Rostow in the div-
ision of supply and resources.
Hurley then went to the State Department and
demanded a showdown conference with Rostow
and Assistant Secretary Acheson.
During this session, he lost his temper and
challenged Rostow to fight.
Hurley finally apologized, but continued to
talk vigorously about the "stuffed-shirt diplo-
mats in the State Department who were kow-
towing to the British." It was time, he said,
"For the President to fish or cut bait," and he
threatened to "take the issue to the country."
"The President," fumed Hurley, "means noth-
ing to me. He puts his pants on one leg at a
time, just like the rest of us."
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Syndicate)
SATURDAY, MAY 20, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 140
All notices for The Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Victory Gardens: All plots at the
Botanical Garden are now ready for
use. Plot numbers may be learned by
telephoning the Storehouse. It is
requested that those who have not
yet contributed one dollar for plough-
ing do so at once. Cars may be
parked south of the road (not north)
and should not stand parallel to the
road, but at, an angle and well off
Doctoral Examination for Peter
Alan Somervail Smith, Chemistry;
thesis: "Reactions Involving the
Radical NH," this morning, 309
Chemistry, 9:30. Chairman, R. N.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend this examina-
tion, and he may grant permission
to those who for sufficient reason
might wish to be present.
Doctoral Examination for Howard
Theodore Siefen, Chemistry; thesis:
"The Synthesis of Compounds Re-
lated to the Sex Hormnones," today,
309 Chemistry, 8 a.m. Chairman,
W. E. Bachman.
By action of the Executive Board
the ,Chairman may invitE' members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend this exam-
ination, and he may grant permission
to those who for sufficient reason
might wish to be present.
Doctoral Examination for Arthur
Louis Cooke, English Language and
Literature; thesis: "The Concept and
Theory of Romance from 1650 to
1800," Monday, May 22, 3223 Angell
Hall, 3 p.m. Chairman, C. D. Thorpe.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend this ex-
amination, and he may grant per-
mission to those who for sufficient
reason might wish to be present.
Student Recital: Violet Oulbegian,
pianist, will present a recital in par-
tial fulfillment of the requirements
for the Bachelor of Music degree at
8:30 p.m., Sunday, May 21, in Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. A student of
John Kollen, Miss Oulbegian will
play compositions by Brahms, Moz-
art, Ravel and Chopin.
The public is cordially invited.
College of Architecture and De-
sign: The exhibition of sketches and
water color paintings made in Eng-
land by Sgt. Grover D. Cole, instruc-
tor on leave in the College of Archi-
tecture and Design, will be continued
until June 1. Ground floor cases,
Architecture Building. Open daily
except Sunday 9 to 5. The public is
One-man exhibit of watercolor
paintings by Richard H. Baxter, Ann
Arbor artist, is now on display in the
Rackham Building. The exhibit,
sponsored by Professor Avard Fair-
banks, opened on May 15 and will
continue through May 21. It is op-
ened to the public daily from 2-5 and
Michigan Sailing Club: Meeting of
those going to the lake at 1 p.m. in
the Union on May 20.
The Lutheran Student Association
and Gamma Delta will have a joint
party Saturday evening at 8 in the
Womens' Athletic Building, corner
of Forest Ave. and N. University Ave.
All Lutheran servicemen and stu-
dents are cordially invited.
Wesley Foundation: Groups will
be leaving the Wesley Lounge at
9 p.m. for a treasure hunt.
The Michigan Alumnae Club will
hold the Annual Meeting and Tea at
the home of President and Mrs.
Ruthven on Wednesday, May 24, at 3
The regular Sunday evening meet-
ing of the Lutheran Student Associa-
tion will be held Sunday at 5:30 in
the Zion Lutheran Parish Hall. Miss
Bonnie Jellema will be the speaker
and her topic is "An Interpretation
of Church Colors and Symbols."
First Methodist Church and Wesley
Foundation: Student Class at 9:30"
a.m. Prof. Kenneth Hance is the
leader. Morning Worship Service at
10:40 o'clock. Dr. Charles W. Brash-
ares will preach on "His Disciples
Today." Wesleyan Guild meeting at
5 p.m. Mrs. Martha Wentworth of
the School of Music will speak on
"The Evolution of Sacred Music."
Supper and fellowship hour follow-
ing the meeting. Election of officers.
REPEAT: President Roosevelt
is as good as reelected. To
those of you who consider this state-
ment an expression of over-confi-
dence, allow me to submit some fur-
First, to the latest straws in the
political wind. Most sensational of
these is the decision of Martin Dies
not to run again for the job of Con-
gressional hatchetman. Tribute must
be paid in this case to the CIO Po-
litical Action Committee under those
auspices a goodly number of voters
met the Texas poll tax exactions and
prepared to cast ballots in Dies' baili-
wick. Possibility of exercising the
franchise meant death to Congress-
man Dies-as it would mean death
for any of the Southern Bourbons
who have just succeeded in murder-
ing the dangerously democratic Anti-
Elsewhere, less inhibited com-
munities went all out for President
Roosevelt in primary elections that
have surprised the most optimistic.
Alabama did itself proud. Not only
was Roosevelt-man Lister Hill, who
had to fight his way through a
cheap smear campaign, renominat-
ed for the Senate in rousing fash-
ion, but Joe Starnes, five-time
itepresentative from Alabama's
Fifth Congressional District was
roundly and quite unexpectedly
defeated this time. Starnes, you
remember, is the labor-persecuting
reactionary extraordinary a n d
long-time lieutenant of Martin
Much significance adheres to these
events because the Republicans have
been banking on the cleavage be-
tween the New Deal and the Southern
wing of the Democratic Party. How
they hailed Senator Barkley's break
with the President sver the tax bill!
Then, the two principals in this dt-
ma kissed and made up before Har-
rison Spangler could swallow his
"Booray." Senator Barkley is sche-
duled to deliver the keynote address
at the Democratic Convention whidh,
in its turn.,is scheduled to draft FDR
on the first ballot.
F a rift comes it will not stem from
the Democratic ranks. Five hun-
dred and thirty-five delegates of a
requisite five hundred and eighty
nine have already pledged' themselves
to the President. Labor, whose bene-
factor the New Deal has been from
ti beginning, will votethe Demo-
cratic ticket, for its bread is clearly
buttered on the Rooseveltian side.
California is a crucial state, so
crucial, in fact, that Gov. Warren
has been named the Republican key-
noter and hope runs high thathe
will be the vice-presidential candi-
date. But look what happened in
California t h i s week. Sheridan
Downey, called by the United Press
"a strong Administration U. S. Sera-
tor," was re-nominated by a four to
one majority over a field that includ-
ed his strongest Republican opposi-
Nobody on earth can beat Roose-
velt this year. He will win despite
all the handicaps imposed by Con-
gress, despite the loss of the sol-
aier vote and the migration, of un-
registered workers. He will won
for the reason that he stands head
and shoulders above anyone com-
peting for the office, and the coin=
try knows it.
Tom Dewey is at the -zenith of his
strength as of today. With each
speech he makes, his popularity will
decline. If he opposes the Presi-
dent's foreign policy he is doomed;
if he favors it, why change horses or
horsemen in mid-stream? If he op-
poses Roosevelt's social reforms, he
will alienate the independent votei;
if he espouses them, how does he
qualify to enhance these reforms?
Tom Dewey will squirm and
writhe; but he cannot wiggle out
of this dilemma. If he says he
likes Roosevelt's policies, then
Roosevelt, in this critical era, is
the man to carry them out; if he
says he dislikes them he is licked,
Wendell Willkie wert through all
this once. He tried to hold both
points of view and it was very
nearly true that each tirme Wilkie
spoke, he lost a million votes.
The election will be closed. I
agree with Miss Fagan that every
vote counts and that everyone should
be urged to vote-for it has become
his duty more than ever. All of
which does not alter the fact that
Roosevelt is in the bag.
pies): 11 a.m., Morning worship. The
Rev. Parker Rossman will speak on
"A Religious World Mind." 4 p.m.,
Students will meet at the Guild
House, 438 Maynard Street for a
trip to Riverside Park where there
will be games, a picnic supper and
Student's Evangelical Chapel: The
regular worship services of the chapel
will be held at 10:30 a.m. and 7:30
p.m. with the Mr. J. Vanden Bosch
of Grand Rapids preaching. The
chapel is at 218 N. Division.
First Church of Christ, Scientist,
409 S. Division Street. Wednesday
evening service at 8 p.m. Sunday
morning service at 10:30 a.m. Sub-
ject "Soul and Body." Sunday school
at 11:45 a.m. A convenient Reading
Room is maintained by this chutch
By Crockett Johnson
Pop's cold is better. But he has
to stay in bed . .. The doctor-
.:n He's better?.. . Then
there's nothing to
worry about. m'bov.
If he'll just take things easy.
Cut down on smoking. And-
Pop's worried about
the plant, though ...
Production. And the
Manpower? I'll set aside all
my other activities, Barnaby,
and pitch in!... The output
of another dozen men on'
the assembly line may help-
3 H NSOV
More or less ... My
job will release the
president and the
board of directors
A - fr natv Aut, -.