T 14 P. MYCIITP A IV n A iTv
IMb VIMA YY 9t.'t A'tr I ft IAA A
_____________________t . .A l a .ii 1 jjI1 iI li. iI+
FRIDAY, MAY 19, 191 f:
Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Bid Low .
Jo Ann Peterson
Mary Anne Olson
Marjorie Hall .
. . Managing Editor
. . Editorial Director
. . City Editor
. . Associate Editor
. . s t Sports Editor
. . Associate Sports Editor
* .Associate Sports Editor
. Women's ditor
. Associate Women's Editor
. Associate Women's Editor
. . Business Manager
Associate Business Manager
Elizabeth A. Carpenter .
Margery Batt . . .
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.25, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
NIGHT EDITOR: RAY DIXON
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
UJA Needs Funds
THE UNITED JEWISH APPEAL drive on cam-
pus already has been forced to continue an-
other week to meet the $1,600 campus quota, be-
cause the Jewish students on campus aren't
Two million of their co-religionists have al-
ready been slaughtered by Hitler's armies. Two
million remain and face the same fate unless
something is done now to get them out of Europe.
The agencies comprising the United Jewish Ap-
peal can rescue some of Europe's Jews but it
needs money-this year $32,000,000 must be col-
lected from America's 4,500,000 Jews. Our quota
is pretty light in comparison.
When the student UJA solicitor asks your
support, contribute generously. If you don't,
who will? -Arthur Kraft
ON THE EVE of an invasion which most of us
realize will be greatly affected by the degree
of cooperation and unity we are able to bring
about here it is more than regrettable-it is fan-
tastic-that the recent foremen's strike could
The damage it did: Gen. Arnold, chief of the
Army Air Forces, said that it endangered the
lives of American airmen, that it "may even
affect our invasion operation," that it "so far
has cost the U.S. Army Air Force 250 P-51 air-
planes," 535,721 man days were lost, seven major
companies were involved, 14 plants were crippled,
3,300 foremen left their jobs and 72,000 men
were idle in Michigan.'
It is a black mark against both the Fore-
man's Association and their employers that it
took the threat of government action to end
the walkout. Americans here and overseas
cannot be expected to feel kindly toward either
of these groups for permitting disunity to
reach the proportions it did in this strike.
Considering the crucial time which they choose
to put their interests above all else-and un-
doubtedly both groups considered it carefully
-we cannot justify either.
Too often publicity on such matters is one-
sided. It was true in this case. Cartoons, head-
lines, commentaries and even the "unbiased"
news reports emphasize where the strikers were
wrong and the damage they did. We must real-
ize, however, that employers are equally respon-
sible for conditions leading to such a display.
They are not infallible.
ANN ARBOR citizens have taken a large step
in recognizing the ability of the white and
Negro races to work together successfully.
The local Dunbar Association has as its con-
stitutional purpose the "betterment of the civic,
moral and social condition of the colored peo-
ple of Ann Arbor." Through their social pro-
gram, the members, both black and white, are
acco'mplishing that purpose.
Both Negroes and whites act as officers and
leaders of the association. It is not a haphazard
group forced together by circumstances. Rather
it is an organization of respected Ann Arbor
citizens who have fought for years to maintain
their ideal. If the outward impressions gathered
at its mortgage-burning ceremonies are correct,
t-nT"hri nn- of the finest. Pamne in th
WASHINGTON, May 18.-Those who knew
Martin Dies, Senior, were not at all surprised
when his son, the ebullient Congressman from
Texas, suddenly pulled out of the race for Con-
gress. Dies' father, who represented the same
Texas district in Congress from 1909 to 1919, did
almost the same thing. The elder Dies played
to the galleries, was a fiery figure in Congress
and rowed incessantly with Woodrow Wilson.
Then suddenly, he withdrew under fire and did
not choose to run again.
His son Martin, Junior, actually withdrew
not because of a throat ailment, but because,
as reported long ago in this column, he faced
a tough re-election race. It was not merely
the CIO-AFL combination against him in his
district and the attacks of Walter Winchell,
but also the fact that Judge J. M. Combs, his
opponent, is a sort of Sam Rayburn type of
fellow, neither radical nor conservative, knows
Texas from the T down, and is an event better
campaigner than Dies.
Also word had percolated round that the Dies
Committee maintained more than one paid em-
ploye in Dies' own district. This meant one of
two things: (1) that Dies was using his com-
mittee for patronage at home; or (Z that he
thought the home folks needed investigation for
un-American activities. Neither went down well
Reply to Dr. Kellems . . .
Dr. Jesse Kellems of Los Angeles, candidate for
Congress and brother of "Tax-Me-Not" Vivien,
has accused this columnist of being a chronic liar
in reporting that he was in favor of the poll
tax and that he was an isolationist.
In reply, may I suggest to Dr. Kellems that he
be more original. He might at least show some
of the ingenuity of Senator (No Hill-billy) Mc-
Kellar, who called me a revolving liar, an egre-
gious liar, a day and night liar and about 75
other kinds of names.
However, calling anyone a liar doesn't nec-
essarily prove anything. And there is docu-
mentary evidence that Dr. Kellems, speaking
in the Westwood Hills Congregational Church
before the Los Angeles League of Women Vot-
ers on Aug. 10, 1942, said that he favored the
poll tax. The chairman then questioned him
further regarding his own district, and Kellems
replied: "I am in favor of this for my own
district." He added that he wished it could
be about $25 and thus would eliminate a lot
of unintelligent voters.
Regarding Kellems' views on isolation, again
he is his own best witness. On April 14, 1944,
speaking in the campus YWCA Building of the
University of California, Los Angeles branch, he
said: "I have travelled all over the world. The
people of the world will not agree to any inter-
national tribunal. I am for America keeping
all her own economy and niot giving up one
By ' antuel Grafton
NEW YORK, May 18.-I love to listen to cur-
rent discussions of what we are going to do with
Germany, because they are so cute. Our eyes are
sparkling, and our little noses are pushed flat
against the window, and we sound, sometimes, as
if we were trying to decide between a sticky na-
poleon and a handful of petits-fours. Are we
going to be hard on Germany, or easy on Ger-
many? "Hard!" says one. "Easy!" says an-
other. "So's your old man," says one.
So we pick and choose new Germany's, like
sakes off a tray. Shall it be chocolate and dis-
memberment, or vanilla and American schools?
We invent Germanys, we make new Germanys
up out of our own heads. We feel our pulse, to
determine if we are very angry at Germany,
medium angry, or .just barely angry. And the
question of our mood is important, because, nat-
urally, we shall concoct a different kind of Ger-
many if we are in a tizzy, or snit, than if we are
merely in a fret.
All of this choosing of moods and drawing
of blueprints is, of course, hopelessly unhistor-
ic. We have much too casually assumed that
it is our job to invent a new Germany. It
isn't. It is our job to wreck the old one, and
we ought to stick to our job. It is our job to
help destroy the German army, and to dis-
mantle the Nazi apparatus. If we do that job,
a new Germany is bound to come along, and it
is bound to be different from the old, and
better than the old. We must begin to think
of ourselves more as midwives, and less as gods.
If we were to think of ourselves as mere as-
sistants at a birth, our job would at once become
easier, much more manageable. It is only when
(like movie scientists in a Gothic laboratory on
the moor) we try to make a whole new Germany
out of stray parts, assorted arms and legs, that
we go tremulously into a kind of mental bank-
ruptcy, and produce unlovely things that nobody
seems to care for. Frankenstein always makes
monsters; he never made a pretty thing yet.
FQR WHAT HAPPENS? Stunned by the dif-
ficulty of inventing a new nation, we let the
word go out unofficially that thousands of sec-
ond and third-grade Nazis may have to be left
in their administrative jobs. The new Germany
begins, at this point, to smell like the old.
The only way to make a really new Germany
is, oddly enough, not to try to make one, but to
destroy the one' which now exists. It is our
duty to wreck the Nazi army, to see to it that not
a single German soldier remains under arms. It
is our duty to make the immediate exile, without
trials, of, say one hundred thousand top mem-
hers of the Nazi apparatus a condition of the
armistice. We might form several hundreds of
thousands of lesser Nazis into labor battalions,
and put them to sweeping up the continent. We
need a sanitary atmosphere in which the new
speck of her rights and economy to any inter-
national tribunal at any time."
(Copyright. 1944, United Features Syndicate)
FRIDAY, MAY 19, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 139
All notices for The Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Admission to the School of Bus-
iness Administration: Application for
admission to this School beginning
with the Summer Term must be filed
not later than June 1. Information
and application blanks available in
Rm. 108, Tappan Hall.
Women students interested in sales
positions for the summer are asked
to meet the representative of Mandel
Bros. this morning at the Bureau of
Appointments. Call Miss Mildred
Webber at Ext. 371.
Phi Beta Kappa: The Keys have
arrived, and should be called for at
the Secretary's Office, Observatory,
on Thursday and Friday of this week.
Victory Gardens: All plots at the
Botanical Garden are now ready for
use. Plot numbers may be learned by
telephoning the Storehouse. It is
requested that those who have not
yet contributed one dollar for plough-
ing do so at once. Cars may be
parked south of the road (not north)
and should not stand parallel to the
road, but at an angle and well off
University Lecture: "The Golden
Chain of Concord," by Professor
Henry W. Taeusch of Western Re-
serve University in Rackham Amphi-
theatre this afternoon at 4:15 under
the auspices of the Department of
Doctoral Examination for Make-
peace Uho Tsao, Pharmaceutical
Chemistry; thesis: "Antispasmodics.
VII," today, 309 Chemistry, 1:15 p.m.
Chairman, F. F. Blicke.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend this examina-
tion, and he may grant permission to
those who for sufficient reason might
wish to be present.
Doctoral Examination for Peter
Alan Somervail Smith, Chemistry;
thesis: "Reactions Involving the
Radical NH," Saturday, May 20, 309
Chemistry, 9:30 a.m. Chairman, R.N.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend this examina-
tion, and he may grant permission
to those who for sufficient reason
might wish to be present.
Doctoral Examination for Howard
Theodore Siefen, Chemistry; thesis:
"The Synthesis of Compounds Re-
lated to the Sex Hormones," Satur-
day, May 20, 309 Chemistry, 8 a.m.
Chairman, W. E. Bachman.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and, advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend this exam-
ination, and he may grant permission
Germany can be born, and the up-
rooting of the Nazi system is ele-
mentary political asepsis.
These are the things we can do.
Butnwe are notsatisfied with the
things we can do. We have a lust
for the things we can't do. We
tend to pass over the prior job, that
of destroying the old Germany.
in order to get at the fascinating
problem of making a new Ger-
many. The result is a fuddle, in
which we neither make a new Ger-
many, nor destroy the old. We need
to accept the humble, but histor-
ically sound role of history's mid-
wife; we shall do better as assist-
ants at a birth than as second-rate
Svengalis, Pygmalions and Frank-
If we do not like the new Germany
that is produced, we can club it, and
bid the Germans to try again. It is
by pressing against our challenge
that the new Germany will be born.
It is stupid to argue over whether
we shall do the hard or soft. We
must do the necessary. Our chief
contribution to the new Germany is
the strictly limited job of eradica-
tion of the old. History doesn't
ask us to do what we can't do, but it
will not forgive us if we don't do
what we can.
(Copyright, 1944, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
WE ARE a gullible people, in many which resulted in a united front with
respects. We accept as gospel any the single purpose of driving the
statement made by foreign officials Japanese out of China.
and professors concerning conditions IT WOULD seem that things are
in their countries, without thinking now going well in China, but
of the possibility that they aren't
"authoritative sources" at all, In this many rumblings can be heard. Last
case the country is China, and the year Chiang wrote "China's Destiny,"
statements concern the importance a book not yet translated into Eng-
and description of the Chinese Sov- lish. The supposed reason is that the
iets and their Red troops. book is anti - British, anti - Ameri-
can, and might alienate the other
(Our information is gleaned from United Nations against Chiang. It
current news reports; "Red Star over is also extremely anti-Chinese Com-
China" by Edgar Snow-London re- munists and violently pro-feudal ab-
porter, 1939; "Battle Hymn of China"smuists andovintofeudalep b-
by Agnes Smedley-American world utism, according to meagre reports
traveler, 1943; and a novel by Hsiao
Chun, "Village in August," trans. in The chairman of theChinese Co-in
'42.) We discovered that China is a munists, on the contrary, stated in
big place, covering one fifth of the 1937. that "The fundamental issue
globe and containing 450,000,000 peo- before the Chinese people today is
ple. Within its boundaries is an area the struggle against Japanese imper-
in the northwest (Shensi and Kansu) ialism . . . which is not only the
controlled by Chinese Communists enemy of China, but of all the peo-
and their Red Army. ple of the world who desire peace.
Historically: the Chinese Commun- Especially it is the enemy of those
ist Party was founded in 1921. In people with interests on the Pacific
1923 Sun Yat-sen signed an entente Ocean: America, Britain and Russia
with the Soviet Union, and thereafter . . . we hope that they will actively
(till 1927) his Kuomintang and the help China to resist invasion and con-
Communist Party cooperated in the quest." These nations have sent
Northern Expedition to drive out the much help to Chiang's government,
corrupt Peking dictatorship. most of which "was used in civil war.
For every Red soldier killed, Nanking
They agreed, too, on a foreign has slain many peasants and work-
policy of anti-imperialism and an ers." The estimated cost: $80,000
internal program of anti-feudalism apiece.
and anti-militarism. Following Sun
Yat-sen's death in 1925, Chiang And when we keep hearing ru-
Kai-shek became the leader of the mors that the Red guerrilla troops,
national troops and reaffirmed this who have tried for 12 years to unite
united front. In March, 1927, fol- China against Japanese aggression
lowing orders from him, the Coin- and Darlanism in the government,
munists took over Shanghai, but are being blockaded by Chiang's
when the General and his troops government, we become disturbed.
arrived, many of these Reds were Madame Sun Yat-sen, in a message
massacred and the Communist to the American people (Allied La-
Party was declared illegal by the bor News, Feb., '44) said: ". . . but
now - victorious Chiang Nanking reaction and fascism are strong (in
"This is proved by the betrayal of
There followed five Anti-Red cam-WagCn-windfmnyry
paigns involving up to 400,000 Nan- Wang Ching-wei and of many army
king troops in 1934. In one campaign generals, by the increased ease with
alone 100,000 soldiers and civilian which the Japanese operate in dif-
lives were lost. (N.Y. Times, Feb. 16, ferent parts of our country, by the
'32.) During each of these "annihi- divisions "guarding" the guerrilla
lation drives" against the Reds, the areas, by the fact that some still hold
Japanese forces took huge chunks of private profits above the national in-
new territory: first Manchuria, then terest, by the oppression of the peas-
Shanghai, Jehol, East Hopei, Hopei antry . . ." Sun Fo, president of the
and Chahan. The Communists, feel- Legislative Yuan, and only son of Sun
ing that "we can't even discuss Com- Yat-sen, likewise recently delivered
munism if we are robbed of a country a strong criticism of the anti-demo-
in which to practice it," had, early in cratic trends in Chungking.
1932, declared war on Japan, and Rev. Bosshard, a Swiss missionary
were urging unity with Chiang to sentenced by the Soviet Chinese of-
carry it out successfully. (Report of ficials to 18 months for alleged es-
Mao Tse-tung, chairman of the Chi- pionage, said, after leaving Red Chi-
nese People's Soviet Republic.) na: "if the peasants knew what the
Between October of 1934 and Octo- Communists were like, none of them
ber '35, the Red Chinese marched would run away." It may be that
6,000 miles to their present territory our Commander - in - chief and our
in northwest China, followed by Chi- State Department might consider
ang's troops who fought them most adopting a similar policy, at least in-,
of the way. Then, in December, 1936, sofar as urging Chiang to stop block-
came the famous "kidnapping" of ading these anti-Japanese troops into
Chiang and Madame Chiang and complete ineffectiveness.
their rescue by the Communists, -Ann Fagan
to those who for sufficient reason 304 at the Michigan Union. It is
might wish to be present. imperative that all members attend."
Dancing Lessons: The USO Dan-
cing Class will be held this evening
Oulbegian, from 7 to 8 p.m. under the direction
Student Recital: Violet Olein of Lt. Flegal.
pianist, will present a recital in par- -_L____ga
tial fulfillment of the requirements Friday Night Dance: The USO Fri-
for the Bachelor of Music degree at ' day Night Dance will be held as usual
8:30 p.m., Sunday, May 21, in Lydia from 8 to Midnight. Come and enj'oy
Mendelssohn Theatre. A student of a dance with the USO Junior Host-
John Kollen, Miss Oulbegian will esses
play compositions by Brahms; Moz-
art, Ravel and Chopin. Wesley Foundation: Banquet hon-
The public is cordially invited. oring Seniors tonight at 6:15 o'clock.
Dr. F. G. Poole of Detroit will be the
Avoikah will present a Symposium
College of Architecture and De- on "The Arab Viewpoint vs. Zionism"
sign: The exhibition of sketches and at the Hillel Foundation, at 8:30 p.m.
water color paintings made in Eng- Professor Calderwood of the Political
land by Sgt. Grover D. Cole, instruc- Science Department and Mr. Max
tor on leave in the College of Archi- Dresden of the Physics Department
tecture and Design, will be continued ( will be the principals.
until June 1. Ground floor cases, ___hpips
Architecture Building. Open daily Professor C. Z. Dickinson will dis-
except Sunday 9 to 5. The public is cuss Cooperative Business with the
cordially invited. I.C.C. study group. %The meeting will
take place this evening at 8:30 p.m.
One-man exhibit of watercolor It will be held at the Robert-Owen
paintings by Richard H. Baxter, Ann Cooperative, 604 East Madison Street.
Arbor artist, is now on display in the Anyone who is interested in studying
Rackham Building. The exhibit, consumer problems of Cooperatives is
sponsored by Professor Avard Fair- welcome to participate in the meet-
banks, opened on May 15 and will ing.
continue through May 27. It is op-
ened to the public daily from 2-5 and Conti tg Events
Saturday Night Dance: Saturday
Ei T il Night Dance at the USO Club frorfi
Events Today 8 to Midnight. USO Junior Hostess
There will be a meeting of the Tu-Company X and Y in charge. Dance
- with the Junior Hostesses- Men
torial Committee today at 2 in the wishing to bring a date please obtain
undergraduate office of the League. a guest card from the USO Office
All members and those interested in two hours before the Dance-Ser-
working on the committees are re- vicemen and wives always welcome.
quested to come. vRe han wve alay wlcme
Refreshments will be served.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will Sunday Morning Breakfast: Pan-
be held at 4 p.m., in Rm. 319 West cakes at the USO Club Sunday Morn-
Medical Building. "Biological (Meta- ing!! All servicemen are cordially
bolic) Aspects of the Methyl Purines" invited to come to the USO Club
will be discussed. All interested are Sunday Morning and enjoy a Pan-
invited. cake breakfast. Don't miss this!
Breakfast will be served starting at
There will be a business meeting of 10:30 a.m.
the Post-War Coulncil today at 5 inn Open House
tll Sunday Afternoon OpeoAse:
Mr. O'Malley. You can help Pop-
IY urI er... H
The Doc has given up in despair?
A hopeless case!... I'll pull him
---~ , - ,
'f need an old kitchen table!... .
By Crockett Johnson
I n n n.a.