p . ' iiu
VOL. LIV No. 139 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MAY 19, 1944~
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Burma Gains Made by
Work or Fight Law
Supported by Nelson,
By The Asoiated Press
A proposed general strikesof 45,000
members of Detroit locals of the AFL
Teamsters Union was averted after
a three-way conference of Regional
War Labor Board officials and
spokesmen for rival AFL and CIO
Informed of the CIO decision,
James Hoffa, business agent for the
AFL teamsters, said he would cancel
plans for a general strike of the city's
35,000 truck drivers tomorrow and
recall 10,000 interstate and intrastate
drivers who, were ordered from their
jobs only a few hours previously.
The dispute grew from a jurisdic-
tional fight between the rival AFL
and CIO unions over the affiliation
of 170 employes of the strike-bound
Dossin Products Co., which bottles
and distributes soft drinks.
Meanwhile, as workers walked
out in some places and resumed
their tasks in others, an estimated
23,650 were idle in various sections
" of the nation.
In Washington, suport for a work-
or-fight law came from Undersecre-
tary of War Patterson, acting Navy
Secretary Forestal and War Produc-
tion Board Chairman Nelson. They
testified before the Senate Military
Committee in behalf of a bill to sub-
ject men 18 to 45 years old to in-
duction into the armed forces or work
units if they left farm or essential
industrial jobs without draft board
permission. Patterson remarked:
"Any strike in war-time on war pro-
duction is inexcusable,"
Third Floor of
En lish House
Forced into blankets and bath
robes, 23 Latin Americans, residents
of the University English House, were
driven from their studies at 9:30 p.m.
last night when a fire broke out on
the third floor of their home at 2006
The blaze centered in an unoccu-
pied portion of the third floor and
was apparently caused by defective
wiring in an air-cooling motor, As-
sistant Fire Chief Herman Kraus re-
Police officers who arrived on
the scene after extra fire equip-
ment had been dispatched reported
flames that shot as high as 40 feet
in the air.
After most of the furniture-desks,
chests, chairs and lamps-had been
taken from the second and third
floors, police indicated that a guard
might be placed over the property.
The house is the former residence
of Zeta Beta Tau fraternity and was
leased to the University last fall to
house Latin American students here
studying at the English Language In-
The entire right wing of the third
floor was destroyed as firemen were
forced to break through the roof
but no persons were injured in the
Property loss including smoke and
fire damage was estimated at $5,000.
Mrs. Leo L. Rockwell, house direc-
tor of the Institute, stated last night
that all the boys were not alarmed
and attempted to fight the blaze be-
fore firemen arrived.
Temporary housing arrangements
or the 23 Latin Americans were made
last - night by ,Francis Shiel, acting
residence halls director, with the as-
sistance of Dr. Esson M. Gale, head
of the International Center.
Bill Sawyer To Play
For Caduceus Ball
Three hundred fifty couples will
dance to the music of Bill Sawyer's
orchestra at Caduceus Ball, a func-
Roosevelt Wins by Wide
Margin in Student Poll
Liberal Domestic, Foreign Policies Prove
To Be Determining Factors in Many Votes
Franklin D. Roosevelt was given a
decided edge over any Republican
presidential candidate in a poll of
student opinion conducted by The
Daily this week, with 422 votes going
to President Roosevelt, against 186
for New York's Gov. Thomas E.
Dewey, his nearest rival.
In the second of a series of weekly
campus polls it was found that
Results of Poll
In a Daily poll this week stu-
dents were asked "Who would be
your choice as the next President
of the United States?," with the
Roosevelt . . . . 422
Dewey ... ..... 186
Stassen ..... . ...40
Bricker ......... 32
Roosevelt had a lead, not only over
Dewey, but also over all other Re-
publican prospects combined.
Despite the fact that Wendell L.
Willkie has withdrawn from the race,
he came in third with 46 votes, while
Harold E. Stassen was a close fourth
Prof. Frederick K. Sparrow, Jr. of
the botany department was awarded
yesterday at Rackham Building Am-
phitheatre the annual Russel Award,
one of the highest honors for con-
spicuous achievements available to
members of the University staff.
Prof. Sparrow is secretary of the
Michigan Academy of Science, Arts
and Letters and Collaborator of the,
Division of Cotton and Other Fibre
Crops, U.S. Department of Agricul-
ture. Before being connected with
the University he conducted research
at Cornell University, and abroad at
Cambridge and Copenhagen.
He is the author of approximately
forty published papers, and a recent
book, "Aquatic Phycomycetes," a
treatise on water fungi.
Dr. John Alexander, Professor of
Surgery at the School of Medicine,
after being awarded the Lectureship
yesterday, and having previously
been given the Russel Award in 1928,
became the first faculty member to
receive both the honors.
Each award is accompanied by
cash gifts from a trust fund estab-
lished by the late Henry Russel.
G.I. Rights Bill
WASHINGTON, May 18.-(A)-The'
House late today passed the "G.I.
Bill of Rights," an overall veterans'
benefits measure, after rejecting an
amendment that would have prohib-
ited unions from requiring that vet-
erans hold a union card to work in,
a "closed shop."j
with 40 supporters, and Gov. John W.
Bricker polled 32 votes.
Foreign policy was the determining
factor in many of the Roosevelt votes,
with his liberal domestic stand win-
ning a number of other votes for him.
"I want Roosevelt because I can't
think of any other man in the United
States who has the experience, the
knowledge of foreign affairs and the
ability to take his place," Lee Chaice,
"Roosevelt should have a fourth
term because of his liberal inter-
national policies and, even more im-
portant, because there is a great need
for his liberal domestic policies,'"
commented Joyce Siegan, '46.
Several others favored Roosevelt
because "there is no other choice,"
On the other hand, those who op-
posed the reelection of the President
most frequently gave the answer,
"Anybody but Roosevelt."
Among the pro-Dewey comments
were the following:
"I like Roosevelt, but I think Dewey
would make a better president be-
cause of his record in New York
"He's done a good job in New York,
no matter what people say about
"I say Dewey. Who cares if he
doesn't talk? The office should come
to the man."
Few other candidates received
muchr support from students answer-
ing the question, "Who would be
your choice as the next President of
the United States?" Gen. Douglas
MacArthur and Earl C. Browder each
polled eight votes, while Norman
Thomas was favored by four stu-
dents. Two votes each went to Gov.
Earl Warren, Herbert Hoover and
Arthur H. Vandenburg.
Four campus wags put themselves
on record as favoring Bob Hope. The
only other unorthodox suggestion
came from Barbara Alig, '45, "How
about Mrs. Roosevelt?"
FBI Man Tells
Of Local Use of
How the Washington Scientific
Laboratory of the Federal Bureau of
Investigation could be used by local
law enforcement officers to 'solve
crimes was the topic of the FBI Law
Enforcement Conference held last
night in the Rackham Memorial
Law enforcement officials from
Washtenaw, Monroe, and Lenawee
Counties heard Donald Parsons of the
Bureau's Washington laboratory tell
how spectograph analysis of paint
was used in the solution of hit-run
accidents. Parsons said FBI scien-
tific equipment could help appre-
hend fraudulent check passers by in-
vestigation of the handwriting. He
also urged local law enforcement of-
ficers to utilize the laboratory's
equipment for ballistics-to deter-
mine from what gun a bullet was
AMERICAN BATTLE IN ITALY-These photos, from U.S. Army movie film, are described as showing
American soldiers advancing against Germans along a narrow street in an unnamed Italian village.
Soldiers move forward cautiously (top, left), seek shelter as an explosion clouds the scene (bottom, left),
and one man falls face forward (right).
Capt. Ruseh To
Be Speaker at
Ceremonies To Be Meld
Capt. Paul F. Rusch, personnel
director in charge of selecting the
men for Co. A, will be the main
speaker at the graduation of the May
:lass at 9:45 a.m. tomorrow ii the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Capt. Rusch, will arrive in Ann
Arbor today from his headquarters in
Other speakers on the program will
be Dr. Joseph Yamagiwa, Capt.
George G. Spence, commanding offi-
cer of the Company, and Cpl. Robert
J. C. Butow who will speak on behalf
of the graduating class.
Rabbi Jehudah Cohen will give the
invocation and Rev. Chester Loucks,
Company chaplain, will give the ben-
The men will receive 30 hours of
University credit for the work which
they have done here. This credit can
be applied either on an A.B. degree
or on a master's.
Co. A To Hold
The members of the May class of
Co. A who will graduate tomorrow
will hold a farewell dinner in their
mess hall in the East Quadrangle at
7 p.m. today followed by a dance at
9 p.m. in the University High School
Servicemen and their dates will
go through the regular chow line in
the mess hall, according to Cpl. John
Boucher, who is in charge of the
entertainment for the dinner. Cpl.
Christopher Dravis is general chair-
man of the affair.
Cpl. Harold Follin will be toast-
master at the dinner. A skit will also
be presented which will include a
number on two pianos by Cpls. Jos-
eph Running and Gene Blankenship,
solos by Cpls. Art Flynn and Robert
Miller, and a quartette number by
Cpls. Don Richardson, Fred Moreton,
George Brooks and John Power.
Cpls. John Teddy, James Keisler,
Vincent Abbey, Tom Halasey and
Wally Smith will compose a dance
chorus which will appear on the pro-
gram accompanied by Cpl. Ela Fig-
Members of the cast for the skit
include Cpls. Stanley Amdurer, John
Morton, Bruce Smithson, Harold Fol-
land, Charles Rosenberg and John
Boucher. Honor guests at the dinner
will be Capt. and Mrs. George G.
Spence, Dr. and Mrs. Joseph K.
Yamagiwa, Prof. and Mrs. Marvin L.
Niehuss, Col. and Mrs. Frederick C.
Rogers and Capt. Paul Rusch.
Ray Helber and his orchestra will
play for the dancing. Cpl. Jim Keis-
ter is dance chairman. Dance com-
mittee heads are Cpls. Richardson,
Brooks, James Fritz, Moreton and
Allies Dent Hitler Line
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, NAPLES, May 18.-Cassino and Formia,
twin anchors of the German defense belt across central Italy, have fallen
before the great Allied offensive which began a week ago today, and vic-
torious American troops are ripping into the- Adolf Hitler line tonight at a
point only 35 miles from the Anzio Beachhead and 65 miles from Rome.
British and Polish troops stormed the shattered town of Cassino and
dominating Monastery Hill behind it early today, capturing 1,500 prisoners
- and wiping out the cream of the
Varieties To Be
A sparkling Victory Varieties show
featuring the farewell appearance of
Bill Sawyer and his orchestra, six
professional vaudeville acts and the
University Women's Glee Club will be
held at 8 p.m. tomorrow in Hill Audi-
Sawyer is currently directing a gov-
ernment music project in Chicago
and will return to Ann Arbor espec-
ially for the Victory Varieties show
and a dance afterwards from 10 p.m.
to midnight at the IUnion.
Lenny Gale, an impressionist, is the
outstanding performer among the
professional acts to appear on the
program. He has entertained New
York and Chicago audiences for a
number of years. Other acts sched-
uled for tomorrow's show are Ed
Ford and his performing dog Whitey,
The Carltons, the acrobatic Rockets,
the roller-skating Whirling Spinners
and Del Kosno, king of balance. "Doc"
Fielding will be master of ceremonies.
Tickets are now on sale at the
League, Union, USO, University Hall
and the East and West Quadrangles.
"Green Devils" First Parachute Div-
ision which had defended the strong-
hold fanatically since January.
American troops captured Formia
-believed to be the coastal anchor
of the Adolf Hitler Line-and from
nearby hills American big guns op-
ened a heavy bombardment of Gaeta
Point, three and a half miles across
water from Formia. Masses of aban-
doned Nazi equipment were falling to
Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark's forces.
Set Up for Bal
Mimeographed "poetry" attached
to paper napkins, picked up by mem-
bers of the East and West Quadran-
gles in their respective "chow lines"
yesterday, reminded servicemen to
sign up at the "Boulevard Ball" date
bureau, which will be open from 5 to
7 p.m. today and from noon to 1:30
p.m. tomorrow in the Union lobby.
iThe objective of the date bureau
is, according to Chairmen Jane Arch-
er, '46, and Alice Ann Ritchie, '45
BAd, to make it possible for everyone
on campus to enjoy the music of Jerry
Wald and his orchestra at the Ball,
which will be held from 8:30 p.m. to
midnight in Waterman Gymnasium,
Saturday, May 27. Civilian men are
also invited to sign up.
Chinese Cling to Loyang
Despite Nips' Bombing;
Small Escape Gap Left
By RAY CRONIN
Associated Press War Editor
The war against Japan moved at
speedier tempo yesterday (Thursday)
as Allied forces gained major victories
in Burma and the Southwest Pacific.
A master military stroke in Burma,
carried out by Chinese and American
forces under an American general,
gravely menaced the entire Japanese
position in the northern part of that
In the Southwest Pacific Gen.
Douglas A. MacArthur's Sixth Army
seized the airbase island of Wakde,
just off the north coast of Dutch
New Guinea. Air, rocket and naval
bombardments covered the invaders.
The Japanese, offered only moderate
resistance. -General MacArthur said
success of the operation presages re-
conquest "of all of Dutch New Guin-
Collapse of the Japanese in the
Burma region was anticipated.
Chinese and American jungle fight-
ing infantrymen executed the bril-
liant surprise move from the south,
behind Nippon lines, to seize Myitky-
ina's southern airdrome. Immedi-
ately the strategic city, key Japan-
ese communications and supply cen-
ter, was brought under Allied atil-
In China's Honan Province, far to
the north, the Chinese as late as last
Monday were clinging tenaciously to
Loyang despite terrific Japanese
shelling while the two-pronged Nip-
pon armored offensive left an escape
gap of only 25 miles for the defend-
ing forces in the Loyang sector. Am-
erican and Chinese airmen were
bombing and strafing one Japanese
Air Attacks on
LONDON, May 18.--(P)-The Allied
heavy bomber assault on Hitler's Eur-
ope was resumed today with a strong
American blow from Italian bases on
the much-battered Romanian oil and
rail center of Ploesti, on rail yards
at the Yugoslav capital of Belgrade
and on the key Yugoslav railway
junction of Nis.
Flying Fortresses and Liberators
flew 600 miles to Ploesti and about
350 miles to reach the other two tar-
gets, running into Nazi fighter oppo-
sition which the Berlin radio said
resulted in air battles over both Ro-
mania and Yugoslavia. Lightning,
Thunderbolt and Mustang fighters
accompanied the bombers.
The far-flung attack, which on
the basis of recent operations prob-
ably numbered up to 1,000 bombers
and fighters, broke a four-day lull
in the Allies' month-long aerial
pincers from Britain and the Medi-
terranean against'the heart of Eur-
The big oil refineries and railway
yards at Ploesti were the targets
there, but weather conditions pre-
vented observation of results. These
targets had been hit four times pre-
viously, the last time May 5.
To Be Given
Opening the program with "The
Star Spangled Banner" led by Wil-
liam W. Norton, director of the Flint
Symphony Orchestra, the School of
Music and the Michigan Civic Or-
chestra Association will present its
fourth annual Michigan Massed Or-
chestra Festival at 4:15 p.m. Sunday
in Hill Audiorium.
Selections by Grieg, Tschaikowsky,
Luigini, Bach, Strauss, Friml and
Moussorgsky will be featured on the
program under the direction of
George Dasch of Chicago.
ONE LONE CIO MAN:
Education Institute Ends with
Discussion on Post-War Labor
JAPS IN CHINA:
Dr. Gale Says Nip Land Drive
Might Decide War in Pacific
With the final session, a panel dis-
cussion on post-war labor and em-
ployment, marked by a flurry of
questions to the speakers, the three-
day 12th annual conference of the
Adult Education Institute ended ses-
sions yesterday in Rackham Building.
Excited members of the audience
rose to their feet and bombarded
John W. Gibson, president of the
Michigan CIO Council and labor's
only representative on the panel,
with question after question.
The discussion, attracting partici-
pants of the Institute, faculty and
students, was the final session of a
program sponsored by the University
Extension Service and the Michigan
State Federation of Women's Clubs
designed to further adult education
in the state.
Ann Arbor, said improvements would
cheapen products and cause greater
demand, thus creating greater em-
Gibson asserted that the CIO has
abided by its "no-strike" pledge and
that any strikes occurring within the
CIO today were unauthorized, and
the result of wartime tension or
inexperienced, excitable employes.
Brief Unemployment Predicted
Airey predicted that there would
be a brief period of unemployment
until post-war reconversion was com-
pleted. He said an abnormal backlog
of demand, caused by the suspension
of civilian goods production during
the war, might boom industry for
thiee to ten years. He predicted that
a full employment would then be
The Japanese land campaign in
China might determine the entire
outcome of the war in the Pacific
and the importance of these military
developments should not be oblitera-
ted by our interest in D-Day, Dr. Es-
san M. Gale, director of the Interna-
tional Center, said yesterday-
Dr. Gale has spent about 30 years
in China, where he has represented
both the American and Chinese gov-
Huge Pincers Movement
Millions of Japanese troops in
China have been doing little more
than garrison duty, he said, and "now
they have thrown these men into ac-
tion, in one of the most gigantic
pincers movements in military his-
tory, in their thrust along the Yellow
River westward toward Tungkwan."
tremely grave, but said he doubted if
people in general understo.od com-
pletely just what is taking place.
The situation in this theatre is not
completely discouraging, though it
is critical, he said. "Lord Mount-
batten, Generals Stilwell and Chen-
nault, and other Allied leaders are
taking vigorous steps to defeat this
huge Japanese adventure," he con-
cluded, "and we have every reason
to hope that they will be successful
in keeping China in the war."
Chungking Might Fall
He pointed out that Chiang Kai-
Shek has made preparations should
Chungking fall, that he has with-
drawn his army to the vast areas of
Central Asia and has gone so far as
to prepare Likang, on the borders of
Tibet, as another war-time capitol.