VOL. LIV No. 89 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MARCH 10, 1944
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Hold in Admiralties
Threatens Black Sea Ports
New Soviet Offensive
Forces Germans Back
Toward South Poland
By The Associated Press
LONDON, March 9.-Moscow an-
nounced tonight that a new Soviet
offensive had pounded a 105-mile gap
through German lines in the south-
eastern Ukraine-threatening the big
Black Sea ports of Nikolaev and
Kherson-and that 300 miles to the
northwest other Russian troops had
captured the "important strongpoint"
of Staro-Konstantinov and battered
into the streets of'the strategic junc-
tion of Tarnopol.
Hundreds of thousands of German
troops in the Dnieper Bend were
menaced by the latest developments,
announced in two orders of the day
by Marshal Premier Joseph Stalin
and in the Moscow communique.
The new drive, tearing head-on
into the Germans from the east, was
forcing them back toward regions of
southern Poland and Rumania al-
ready threatened by the Russians.
Still a third action, announced by
the communique, was a drive south-
west of Berdichev intwhich the Rus-
sians captured the town of Ulanov,
26 miles southwest of Berdichev. This
drive links with the sternmost wing
of the Russian forces fighting at
Tarnopol and Staro-Konstantinov.
The Russians not only cut the
Dolinskaya-Nikolaev railway but the
communique, recorded by the Soviet
Monitor, announced that in the
fighting which began Monday, 8,000
Germans have been killed, 1,000
S moretaken prisoner and important
German war material captured.
Co. C's Musical
To Be Given
"Bidin' Our Time," Co. C's original
musical comedy will be presented for
the second time at 8:30 p.m. today in
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Tickets for tonight's performance
will be on sale from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.
today at the box-office of the'Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. All proceeds
will be donated to the Army Emer-
gency Relief Fund.
The plot of the play, which was
written by Cpl. Hy Wolotsky of Co.
C., deals with a group, of ASTP men
who are sent by mistake to Puellae
College, a girls' school. The dean of
the college persuades the colonel to
issue an anti-love regulation to pre-
vent her students from falling in love
with the soldiers. She is forced to
have him withdraw this regulation,
however, because of certain facts
which one of the grils discovers.
All the music for the show, includ-
ing eight songs, were whitten by Cpl.
Troy Bartlett of Co. C. Musical ar-
rangements are by Cpl. Bartlett and
Pvt. Earl Edmonds, USMCR.
CAPE GLOUCESTER, New Britain,
(Delayed)-(P) - The mud-caked
Marine leaned his rifle against a
jeep that was carrying a radio, and
asked for music.
Out of the speaker came a femi-
nine voice: "Hello, all you Marines
in the Southwest Pacific. This is
Tokyo Rose speaking." The Guadal-
canal veteran grunted as the voice
continued, "Since all you Marines
can't be home sitting on the sofa
with your best girl, well dedicate our
first number, "Sympathy," to you.
A hundredyards away from the
Jeep firing broke out. The muddy
Marine, reports Pfc. Charles W. Yea-
ger, Jr., of Detroit, Mich., picked up
his rifle and edged away, remarking,
"Those Japs sure need it."
Japs Say Cabinet
In Rumania Quits
NEW YORK, March 9.-(R)-
The Tokyo radio, in a broadcast
heard by NBC. stated tonight that
"the Rumanian cabinet has re-
signed en bloc, according to a Ber-
lin dispatch. Further details as yet
There was no immediate con-
firmation from other quarters.
The last Rumanian cabinet was
formed Jan. 27, 1941, and was
headed by Gen. Ion Antonescu as
premier and foreign minister. An-
tonescu also bore the title of
Targets Hit for Second
Successful Day; AAF
Claims Light Losses
By 'The Associated Press
LONDON, March 9.-Strong forces
of American heavy bombers with
their fighter escort-roaring through
a sky virtually free of German planes
-attacked Berlin industrial targets
for the second day in successionto-
day in operations which cost only
seven bombers and one fighter.
The German news agency DNB
said tonight that Hanover, 150 miles
west of Berlin, also was raided by
American bombers today. The agen-
cy's broadcast said high explosives
were dropped by the "bombers on
their way to Beln."
It was the fourth time in six days
that the indomitable armada of U.S.
heavy bombers returned to bomb the
fire-blackened German capital.
An Army communique announced
the losses and said only "a few of
our bombers reported minor encoun-
ters with the enemy." None of the
crews of the participating Fortresses
and Liberators or fighter pilots
claimed to have destroyed a single
German plane-a further index of
the weakness of the Germans' air
Witness of U. S. Attack on
Berlin Calls City Doomed
STOCKHOLM, March 9.- (P)--
"Berlin is doomed-it has ceased to
be a capital or even a town," declared
a Swedish traveler who reached here
by air today after having witnessed
Wednesday's American attack on the
He said Berlin citizens were under
the impression the Nazi government
had left the city before Christmas.
Harvey Fiank, '44, was named
sports editor of The Daily, and Jo
Ann Peterson, '44, and Bud Low,
'44E, were named associate sports
editors in appointments by the Board
in Control of Student Publications
Frank, who is from Wyandotte,
has worked on the staff for six sem-
esters and is a member of Sphinx.
Miss Peterson, who is from Ann
Arbor, is a member of Alpha Phi and
Scroll. She was also active in Junior
Project and is in charge of Proxy
Parents. Low, a resident of Buffalo,
N.Y., is on the track team and is a
member of Theta Delta Chi and
Scalp and Blade.
'Unsinkable' Lifeboat Launched at East
U.S. Shi ps Enter
Huge Seadler Bay
Enemy Counterattacks in Marshalls;
Subs Sink 16 Jap Merchant Vessels
By LEONARD MILLIMAN
Associated Press War Editor
Abrupt collapse of the entire Japanese position in the Admiralty Islands
was threatened today as American warships and supply craft steamed un-
molested into Seadler Harbor, a 50-mile-long lagoon large enough to
accommodate the entire United States fleet.
While American forces tightened their hold on the Admiralties and the
northern shores of nearby New Britain, Japanese planes made their first
counterattack on Eniwetok Atoll, Marshall Islands spearhead of the Ameri-
can Central Pacific offensive. And submarines, the Navy announced, sank
16 more Japanese merchant ships - -
Said to be virtually unsinkable and fitted with stubby bow and stern, this newly designed lifeboat
sli4es down the ways of a shipyard in East Greenwich, R. I.
Red Cross To Solicit Every
Student in Membership Drive
Army Units Give $250; All Dorms, Houses
To Be Contacted To Fill University Quotaj
Every man and woman on campus
will be solicited during the annual
Red Cross membership drive, which
lasts throughout the month of
March, according to John Clippert,
'45E, and Marjorie Hall, '45, chair-
men respectively of the League and
Union Red Cross committees.
Clippert said yesterday that few
reports have been received as yet
because the drive started Tuesday,
one week later than the national
Dr. 'A. Philipse
To Speak on
Sponsored by the Post-War Coun-
cil, Dr. A. H. Philipse will speak at 3
p.m. Sunday in the League on the
question of post-war food and medi-
cal supplies, it was announced yes-
Dr. Philipse, a member of the Ec-
onomic, Financial and Shipping Mis-
sion of the Kingdom of the Nether-
lands, is at present attending a
three-day housing and food confer-
ence in Chicago. An expert on post-
war food problems, he was a repre-
sentative of the Netherlands at the
recent UNRRA conference held in
Dr. Philipse has a long background
of experience in the service of his
government. From 1929 to 1933 he
was employed in the Netherlands
diplomatic service and later in the
commercial treaties division of the
Netherlands Ministry of Economics.
After the invasion of his country, Dr.
Philipse was made head of the econ-
omic policy division of the Nether-
lands Ministry of Trade, Industry
and Shipping in London. He is cur-
rently working in Washington.
Born in The Hague, Dr. Philipse
studied at Leyden University and the
Institut Universitaire des Hautes Et-
udes Internationales in Geneva to
earn his doctorate in law.
drive. However, $250 has already
been received from Army units, which
started their campaigns between
semesters. All the men's houses have
been contacted and captains assigned
to each one, he said. First reports
from the houses will be received at
5 p.m. today at a meeting of the com-
The men's quota this year is $1,500,
one-half more than last year's quota.
Clippert commented that the quota
was exceeded by $700 last year and
expressed confidence that it will also
be over-subscribed this year.
Quotas were assigned to each of
the womens houses on campus yes-
terday at a meeting in the League.
The quotas, made up on a propor-
tional basis, require a contribution of
$1.25 from each woman. Stockwell,
housing approrimately 400 women,
leads the list with a quota of $500;
Mosher comes next with $275.
The work of soliciting will be done
by committees in the larger houses
and by directors in the smaller ones.
All returns must be handed in at the
Office of the Social Director in the
League on or before March 29.
Collections in the city of Ann Ar-
bor yesterday showed an increase of
$2,000 over reports of the daybefore.
Total collectionscthroughout the
county have reached the sum of
WASHINGTON, March 9.-(P)-
Senator Ferguson called for an end
today to what he termed the War de-
partment's "wrist-slapping tech-
nique" of punishing Army officers re-
sponsible for the sales, as scrap at
$36,924, cutting tools for which the
government had paid $1,721,136.
The Senator said from the floor
that one of the accused officers had
been placed on inactive status, ano-
ther had been given an honorable
discharge, a third had been reassign-
ed and others had been given "ad-
New Orleans Paper
Claims Low Prices
Cause Ploughing Under,
NEW ORLEANS, March 9;--
The New Orleans States said today
in a front page storythat Louisiana
farmers are plowing under healthy-
cabbage, or feedingt it to hogs, be-
cause they find it brings too low a
price to warrant hauling it to market.
The newspaper said that in Jef-
ferson, St. Charles and St. Bernard
parishes, "acre after acre of large
solid heads of cabbage, which retail-
ing in New Orleans at from two to
four cents a pound, were turned un-
der, as farmers prepared the ground
to.plant corn or beans." X
Likewise, the story, said, creole
lettuce and turnips lay "rotting,
awaiting the plow, in other fields.
The story quoted farmer Tony Pug-,
lise who farms a 60-acre tract near
Luling, La., as saying:
"The government asked us to
raise more food. So that's what I
tried to do. But since the cabbage
has been ready for market, the
most I got for it was $1.25 a hun-
dred pounds. Other loads I have
sold for less. I get about $10.50 a
ton. Yet cabbage retails at about
$70 a ton down here."
Puglise said the price of farm la-
bor and seed and other costs at-
tendant to marketing produce had
risen to such heights that a farner
needs a good price for his crops, "or
he loses money taking them out of
He charged that "speculators" Who
hang out around the French market
in New Orleans, buy the produce
from the farmers at extremely lowe
prices, "handle the stuff only a few
hours where the farmers have babied
it along for months-yet make all
Coeds To Meet Tomorrow
For Co. D Show Tryouts
A meeting for coeds interested in
taking part in Co. D's original musi-
cal comedy. "Rumor Has It" will be
held at 2 p.m. tomorrow in the USO
ballroom and not today as was an-
nounced in yesterday's Daily.
needed to supply extended outposts
throughout the Pacific War Theatre.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur today
announced the entrance of warships
into Seadler Harbor while dismount-
ed Texas Cavalrymen expanded their
positions on Los Negros Island, which
snuggles around one end of the har-
Comparable to Rabaul Harbor
Seadler is comparable to Rabaul
Harbor, which a spokesman for Mac-
Arthur said has been denuded of
ships and almost stripped of planes.
Raiders from the Solomon Islands
found no undamaged ships in the
harbor Tuesday and only 50 air-
planes on her six airdromes. Five
of these were hit by bombs.
Seventeen other Japanese aircraft
were shot down by Allied warplanes
raiding Wewak's chain of airdromes
on northeast New Guinea.
Marines Close Gap
Without the usual overwhelming
aerial and naval support, United
States Marines drove powerful Jap-
anese forces back through the jun-
gles of Willaumez Peninsula on
northern New Britain toward the
Talasea airstrip. The Marines have
advanced three miles since they
scrambled over coral reefs through
concentrated machine gun and mor-
tar fire Monday and are only two
miles from the field, their objective.
Their drive is closing the gap be-
tween MacArthur's Southwest and
South Pacific offensives.
Considering the limited equipment
and personnel of the China-based
14th U.S. Army Air Force General-
issimo Chiang Kai-Shek of China
said on its first anniversary, "results
achieved are better than that of any
other air force in the world."
Isolated Nipponese troops .on by-
passed Marshall atolls are still put-
ting up dangerous antiaircraft bar-
rages against daily attacks by United
States Army and Navy bombers and
fighters. One plane was shot down
and several others hit Monday when
five enemy positions in the Mar-
shalls were hit. Fires were started.
In northern Burma 2,309 Japan-
ese have been killed by American
troops under Brig. Gen. Frank Mer-
rill and American-trained Chinese.
Britain s Coal
Return to Work Bid
Is Rejected by Miners
LONDON, March 9-(P)-Britain's
coal strike, which virtually has para-
lyzed the rich South Wales mine-
fields, spread today to the Swansea
anthracite region and to Scottish pits
in apparent rejection of the fuel min-
ister's insistence upon a return to
work before arbitration.
One of the miners' leaders said this
ultimatum, if complied with, would
"give the government a blank check."
It was estimated that 160,000 min-
ers, about 22 per cent of all in Bri-
tain, were idle tonight. A few work-
ers: in Monmouthshire and South
Wales collieries returned to their jobs
in response to urgent appeals by
union leaders, but new walkouts had
increased the number of strikers.
Report AAF Commander
Missing in Italian Area
WASHINGTON. March 9.- ()-
Review To Be
Parade To Be Attended
By Four Top Generals
The largest review parade in the
history of the Judge Advocate Gen-
eral's School will be held at 4:30
p.m. Monday in the Yost Field House
in connection with the graduation of
the 14th and 15th Officer Classes
and the 4th OC class and will be open
to the public.
The parade will be review by four
generals, Maj, Gen. Myron C. Cra-
mer, Army Judge Advocate General;
Maj. Gen. Henry S. Aurand ,com-
manding officer of the Sixth Service
Command, Brig. Gen. John F. Davis,
chief of staff of the Sixth Service
Command, and Brig. Gen. Thomas
H. Green, assistant Judge Advocate
School Moved to Ann Arbor
This will be the greatest number
of generals ever to attend a gradua-
tion ceremony since the Judge Ad-
vocate General's School was estab-
lished in Washington, D.C. in Feb-
The school was moved to Ann Ar-
bor in September 1942. When it
was first established only officer
classes were trained. However, in
June 1943 the OC class was added
and in August three generals attend-
ed the graduation of the first OC
130 Men To Graduate
About 80 men in the 4th. OC class
will receive commissions Monday as
second lieutenants from Gen. Cra-
mer. The music for the affair will
be provided by the University band.
About 130 men from the thrf
classes will graduate. All the grad-
uates plus the members of the 5th
OC class, who have completed half
their training, will take part in the
Gen. Aurand will be the principal
speaker at the graduation Tuesday.
Speeches will also be given by Col.
Edward H. Young, commandant of
the Judge Advocate General's School,
Gen. Cramer, and Dean E. Blythe
Stason of the Law School.
Banquet To Be Given
Other visiting officers who will be
here for the graduation will be Col.
Robert M. Springer, an assistant
Judge Advocate General; Lt. Col.
Howard A. Brundage, control officer
of the Judge Advocate General's of-
fice; and Col. William H. Maglin,
the commandant of the Provost
Marshal General's School, Fort Cust-
A banquet will be held in the Al-
lenel Hotel for the graduates. Among
the invited guests are the visiting
officers, Col. Frederick C. Rogers,
Capt. Richard E. Cassidy and the
members of the staff and faculty of
Gen. Cramer will be the principal
speaker at the banquet.
VU Grad Gets
Pfc. Robert W. Sharp, '45SM,
now in the Marine Corps, was re-
NO EXPENSE SPARED:
'U' To Present Sparkling Variety Show
"The. best talent available in the
mid-West" will headline Victory Var-
ieties-a show to be presented by the
University at 8:15 p.m. Saturday,
March 18 in Hill Auditorium.
Tickets for the program, planned
townspeople and servicemen will take
advantage of this opportunity. The
University, which has spared no ex-
pense in securing the best acts in
this section ,of th3e country, will re-
peat the show at regular intervals if
it is well-received."
at the Roxy Theatre in New York,
the Chicago Theatre and the Orient-
al Theatre of Chicago.
Bert Lynn, well-known stage and
night-club entertainer, will appear
with his vibrolyn guitar-an inven-
tion which has given him the name
engagement at the Nicollet Hotel in
The Singing Commanders, noted
for their lively, professional presen-
tation of patriotic and novelty num-
bers, will come to Ann Arbor after a
successful run at the Chez Paree in