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May 03, 1944 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-05-03

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Weather
Showers

VOL. LIV No. 125 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MAY 3, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Three-Day
-1 1

AttackRocks

Truk, Carolines

British Heads
See Churchill
Rulers Hear Prime
Minister on War
By the Associated Press
LONDON, May 3.-Prime Minister
Churchill, welcoming Empire prem-
iers to 10 Downing Street, told them
they were here " in the most deadly
climax in the conflict of the nations,
at a time when although we need no
longer fear defeat, we are making
the most intense efforts to compel an
early victory."
Churchill's Monday address, made
public today, said he did not expect
that "in the heat of war we shall
reach complete solution of all prob-
lems that confront the British Em-
pire and vex mankind. But it's high
time we got around the table to
exchange views and ideas ...
Prime Minister John Curtin of
Australia told the conference of pre-
miers that the "Australian people
have been delivered from a mortal
peril."
"This has been effected by the
gallantry of the Australian and
American forces, the ability of the
high command, the aid of Britain
and the United States, and the war
effort of the Australian people," he
said.
Prime Minister Peter Fraser of New
Zealand said that "there are in the
Pacific no problems that cannot be
solved by goodwill and gooperation."
Prime Minister W. L. Mackenzie
King of Canada pictured the Cana-
dian government as being "as anxious'
as the Prime Minister of Great Bri-
tain and his colleagues to display to
the world the solidarity of the Com-
monwealth . . ." -
Iiiddle, Avery
To Testify in
Ward Hearing
NLRB Sets Election
In Next Seven Days
WASHINGTON, May 2.- (P)-
Attorney General Biddle and Sewell
Avery, chairman of Montgomery
Ward and Company, will be called as
witnesses in a Senate investigation
of government seizure of the mail
order company's Chicago plant, it
was disclosed today.
Meanwhile, House critics made it
virtually sure that the inquiry will
be double-barreled, and the National
Labor Relations Doard announced
that a collective bargaining election
will be held within seven days among
the workers whose dispute with the
company led to seizure.
Hearings Set for Next Week
Chairman McCarran (Dem., Nev.)
of the Senate judiciary committee.
announcing that he will call Biddle
and Avery for testimony, said open
hearings will start no later than next
week, very shortly after the election.
At the same time Senator Byrd
(Dem., Va.) said he will press tomor-
row for Senate action on his special
resolution for an inquiry into the
Ward case by McCarran's committee
with particular reference to the use
of troops
McCarran Makes Plans
McCarran was going ahead with
plans for the investigation under a
previous general resolution empower-
ing the committee to look into execu-
tive orders of President Roosevelt,
but he said he would welcome the
special authority proposed by Byrd.
The Senate investigation was all
but assured by the action of chair-
man Sabath (Dem., Ill.) of the rules
committee in reporting out for House
action a resoltion by Rep. Dewey

(Rep., Ill.)
Speaker Rayburn said it would be
acted on Thursday or Friday. Pass-
age was conceded.
Strikers Ignore
Order of WLI
DETROIT, May 2.--P)-Striking
war plant foremen ignored a return-
to-work order from the War Labor
Board today and continued a walk-
out which factory spokesmen said
had caused a 50 -per cent cut in pro-
duction.
A mass meeting of strikers, who
re mmhebrs nf the foreman's Asso-

Pepper, Hill Lead Unofficial
Democratic Primary Returns
Election May Test Anti-Fourth 'Term,
Anti-Administration Sentiments in South

By the Associated Press
New Deal Senators Claude Pepper
and Lister Hill, whose opponents had
based their campaigns largely on
criticism of the administration's
home front policies, jumped off to
leads in the early, unofficial returns
last night from the Florida and Ala-
bama Democratic primaries.
Both races had drawn unusual na-
tional attention because politicians
Baeca loni Wil1
Be Replaced by
Zinka Milanov
Soprano To Appear
At Festival's Opening
Program Tomorrow
Zinka Milanov, famed Yugoslavian
soprano of the Metropolitan Opera
Association will replace Salvatore
Baccaloni, who is suffering from
laryngitis, as the solo artist on the
first program of the 51st Annual
May Festival at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow
in Hill Auditorium, Dr. Charles Sink,
President of the University Musical
Society, announced yesterday.
Six concerts in all, packed into ';he
four day period from tomerrow
through Sunday, will make up the
Festival at which such famed artists
as Nathan Milstein, Gregor Piati-
gorsky, Genia Nemenoff and Pierre
Luboshutz, Bidu Sayao, Rose Bamp-
ton, Kirsten Thorborg and Charles
Kullman will perform.
Engaged by Toscanini
It was Arturo Toscanini who first
brought Zinka Milanov into musical
prominence when he engaged her to
sing one of the solo roles in Verdi's
"Manzoni Requiem," at the Salzburg
Festival of 1937.
Madame Milanov was already well
known on the Continent. A pupil of'
the celebrated Milka Terina, she had
sung opera in her native city of'
Zagreb, Yugoslavia. She had made
guest appearances in Germany, Italy
and the Balkan states, but it was the
success she scored under Toscanini
at Salzburg which served to bring her
to the attention of the Metropolitan
Opera Association.
Debut Was in 1937
Madame Milanov made her Metro-
politan debut as Leonora in "Il Tro-
vatore" on Dec. 17, 1937. Later she
assumed the title roles in "Aida" and
"La Gioconda." She was selected for
the role of Amelia in the revival of
"The Masked Ball" and had the
honor of singing Donna Anna in
"Don Giovanni" under the direction
of Bruno Walter.
Outside of the Metropolitan, Zinka
Milanov has been equally busy. She
has reappeared as soloist in choral
works conducted by Toscanini in
New York, London, Vienna and Lu-
cerne and has performed at the
Colon Opera in Buenos Aires and the
Municipal Theatre in Rio de Janeiro.
Ford Workers Vote
To Strike in Canada
WINDSOR, Ont., May 2.- (p)-
Employes of the Ford Motor Com-
pany of Canada voted at a mass
meeting tonight to go on strike, just
two days after the end of a walkout
which had closed the vast war plant
for ten days. The decision was
reached at a meeting of members of
Local 200 of the United Automobile
Workers of America (CIO).
The union meeting was called to
consider grievance procedure pro-
vided under terms of settlement of
the work stoppage which halted pro-
duction at the plant April 20. The
settlement was reached last week-
end and the 14,000 employes returned
to their jobs yesterday.

regarded them as testing chiefly the
extent of anti-administration and
anti-fourth term sentiment in the
South although local issues also were
involved.
Hill Leads, 2 to 1
Hill ran better than 2 to 1 ahead
of State Senator James A. Simpson
his single opponent, in the initial
returns, made up largely of absentee
and rural votes.
Pepper carried the New Deal ban-
ner in a five-man field, hoping to win
more than 50 per cent o. the vote.
Florida law provides for a run-off
contest between the two high men
if no one candidate gains a majority.
In the early returns, Pepper was
far out in front with J. Ollie Ed-
munds, Duval county (Jacksonville)
judge, running as his strongest oppo-
nent.
Negro Vote Involved
The Florida and Alabama primar-
ies were the first to be held in the
South since the Supreme Court's de-
cision that Negroes are constitution-
ally entitled to vote in the Texas
Democratic primaries.
In both states, some voting by
Negroes was reported. Many have
voted for years in Alabama's Jeffer-
son County (Birmingham). Ten were
turned away from a Mobile, Ala.,
voting place by a deputy sheriff who
told them the primary was restricted
to white persons.
The Florida Democratic executive
committee had adopted a resolution
restricting the primary to white vot-
ers, but a group of Negroes who were
registered as Democrats voted un-
challenged at Tallahassee. However,
a Negro hill school teacher who
sought to vote there was not admitted
to the balloting booth. Election offi-
cials said she had been asked to wait
until they could get a ruling on her
qualifications.,
The issue of "white supremacy"
had figured to considerable extent in
the Alabama campaign.
Rabbi Folk man
To Inaugurate j
UJA Appeal
Rabbi Jerome Folkman of Grand
Rapids will deliver the keynote ad-
dress to student solicitors for the
United Jewish Appeal, speaking on
"The Lights Are Going on Again," at
8 p.m. today at the Hillel Foundation.
His talk will be preceded by a panel
discussion on the topic, "That They
May Live," which will be conducted
by Henrietta Browarsky, '44, Audrey
Rubenstein, '44, Stan Wallace, '44,
president of the HilleleFoundation
student council, and Elise Zeme, '44,
student director at the Foundation.
The United Jewish Appeal is a com-
posite of several agencies including
the Joint Distribution Committee,<
the United Palestine Appeal, the Na-i
tional Refugee Service, the National1
Jewish Welfare Board and B'nai
Brith Wider Scope Committee. c
In a recent message endorsing thet
campaign, President Roosevelt said,
"The United Jewish Appeal is onei
of the agencies through which thet
American people can make their con-1
tribution to the fight for decency,]
human dignity and freedom to live inI
peace."
The goal of the national campaign
of the U.S.A. has been set this year
at $32,000,000, the highest in the or-i
ganization's history. These funds'
are designed to rescue and rehabili- !
tate as many as possible of the 3,-
000,000 homeless Jes in Europe to-
day. Ann Arbor's goal has been rais-1
ed to $6,000, and of this $1,600 musti
be collected from University students.1
Co-chairmen of the campus UJAf
drive are Henrietta Browarsky and1
Audrey Rubenstein.

Air War Goes,
Into 19th Day
Allies Continue To
Hi I nvasion Coast
By the Associated Press
LONDON, May 3, Wednesday-Sky-
filling Allied armadas spear-headed
by hundreds of U.S. Liberator bomb-
ers hammered German invasion coast
defenses and rail feeder lines from
dawn to dusk yesterday, hurling ex-
plosives at a two-ton-per-minute clip
and smashing key junctions at the
rate of one an hour in an unexampled
display of aerial might which went
almost unchallenged by the Germans.
Jittery German radio announcers
predicting that the. big Allied land
invasion was "imminent" came on
the air just before midnight to shout:
"Attention! Attention! Enemy in-
truders entering western Germany."
This signified that giant RAF night
bombers were carrying the pre-inva-
sion onslaught into the 19th straight
day.
Attrition Is Preliminary
The RAF, in a 1,000-plane attack
Monday night, had showeredamoe
than 2,500 tons of explosives on tar-
gets in Belgium, France, Germany
and Italy before the American day-
light fleets took over yesterday in a
grinding attrition preliminary to ac-
tual cross-channel troop smashes.
Allied sorties daily were running
into the 2,000 and 3,000 brackets, and
presumably yesterday's attacks would
approximate those of the days before,
but an official estimate was nott
available.
Late yesterday U.S. Mustang andt
Thunderbolt fighter - bombers at-r
tacked rail yards at Charleori in
Belgium, and Somain and Tourcoingl
in northern France, along with ant
airfield at Peronne without a single
loss. Most of these attacks were being
concentrated in a circle around Lille,k
ranging 70 miles inland along vital
traffic routes to the Calais coast,
which was the main objective of the
big bombers,
Campaign Is Unparalleled
Nothing like this sustained cam-
paign now running through its 18th
straight day has ever been seen be-c
fore, and it is still rising in violence.t
These pre - invasion onslaughts,1
which now includes mass dive-bomb-C
ing at low level with little interfer-
ence, were of a significance thatt
could not be mistaken.t
Since May Day dawn American
and Allied airmen have blasted more
than 35 rail junctions and other key
targets supplying the German Atlan-
tic wall barricades just across thec
channel, and roared inland past the
old Maginot fortifications along the
German border. F
Page To Talk
Today on Peacer
Local Groups Sponsorc
Three Meetings Here E
"Christianity's Contribution to a1
Just and Durable Peace," will be theI
theme of three addresses today by
Dr. Kirby Page, author and lecturer,E
who is sponsored by the Ann Arbora
Council of Churches, the Post-Warc
Council and the Inter-Guild Council.i
First of the speeches at 4:15 p.m.
today in the Rackham Amphithea-F
tre, will be "Strengthening AmericanI
Democracy by Preventing EconomicC
Depression." A second lecture att
6:15 p.m. on "What Can We Do
about Race Problems?" will be givenr
at a dinner at the First BaptistY
Church. The topic for the last lecturer
is "How Can Christianity Help in
Winning the Peace," to be given atT
8 p.m., also in the First Baptistr

Church.S
Dr. Page, who has visited all the
large European capitols, is speakingZ
under the auspices of the American1
Friends Service Committee, the Quak-1
ers. His Ann Arbor addresses aret
part of a lecture tour that will taker
him through 19 cities.

Nimitz Tells Destruction
Of 126 Enemy Aircraft
By The Associated Press
U.S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS, PEARL HARBOR,
May 2.-The destruction at Truk of 126 Japanese planes, overwhelming
of its defenses with 800 tons of bombs and the shelling of other Caroline
bases during a three-day assault of aircraft carrier task forces was dis-
closed tody by Adm. Chester W. Nimitz.
The fleet dealt the destruction while returning from its deep
Pacific penetration to support Gen. Douglas MacArthur's invasion of
Dutch New Guinea.
Truk was swarmed upon Saturday and Sunday by carrier planes.
Nearby Satawan was hit by planes and shelled by cruisers Sunday.
Ponape in the eastern Carolines was bombarded by battleships Monday.
Cost Reported Light
Admiral Nimitz reported the blows were struck at light cost in American
aircraft and without damage to a warship.
The forces were under command of Vice-Adm. Marc A. Mitscher and
were turning from operations off Dutch New Guinea, where they supported
the invasion at Hollandia, April 22, by ground forces under command of
Gen. Douglas A. MacArthur.
Shore Installations Hit .-
Demonstrating the wallop packed by Pacific fleet task forces, the
carrier planes smote Truk with 800 tons of bombs. Shore installations at
that fortress, once considered impregnable, were reported heavily damaged.
In the first day's strike at Truk, on Saturday, 60 Japanese planes were
shot out of the skies in combat. Another 60 were caught on the ground
and destroyed by bombing or straf-
Ship's anti-aircraft fire added an- Bi Jap Assault
other five Nipponese planes.I-

PULTZER WINNER-. Daniel
DeLuce (above) of The Associated
Press has won the 500 Pulitzer
prize for "a distinguished example
of telegraphic reporting on inter-
national affairs."
Women's War
Council Named
At Installation
Committees Chosen;
Mortar Board, Senior
Society Tap Members
With Marge Hall, '45, presiding,
the new Women's War Council ap-
pointees took over key campus posi-
tions at Installation Rally held last
night in the Rackham Auditorium
while the senior honoraries, Mortar
Board and Senior Society tapped
their new members.
Secretary of the 1944-45 council is
Jean Loree, Chi Omega; while De-
borah Parry, Gamma Phi Beta, was
installed as treasurer. Heading the
combined tutorial and orientation
committees will be Betty Wileman,
Alpha Chi Omega.
Surgical Dressings Head Named
Harriet Fischel, Chi Omega, will
continue in her post as chairman of
the Surgical Dressings units while
Naomi Miller, Pi Beta Phi, heads the
Child Care Committee. Joan Pullam,
Alpha Gamma Delta, was installed as
the chairman of the Merit Commit-
tee and Pat Coulter, Chi Omega, was
appointed Personnel Administrator.
Mary Ann Jones, Kappa Alpha
Theta, is the new chairman of the
Social Committee and Virginia Coun-
cil, Kappa Kappa Gamma, will head
Soph Project. The three new USO
"Colonels" are Helen Alpert, Jordan,
Ruth Mary Picard, Collegiate Soro-
sis, and Ruth Edberg, Helen New-
berry.
Eleanor MacLaughlin, Alpha Chi
Omega, will head Junior Project and
Shelby Dietrich, Kappa Kappa Gam-
ma, Florene Wilkins, Martha Cook,
Margaret Laubengayer, Alpha Chi
Omega, and Jean Gilman, Helen New-
berry, will take over the Women's
Athletic Association, Assembly, Pan-
hellenic and Glee Club respectively.
Dormitory Leaders Appointed
Doris Barr, retiring president of
Assembly Council, named Jane Rich-
ardson, Mosher, the vice-president in
charge of dormitories. Vice-president
in charge of league houses will be
Shirley Robin, Helen Newberry, while
Patricia Carr, also of Mosher, and
Audrey Jupp of Helen Newberry, take
over the positions of secretary-treas-
urer and publicity respectively.
Marcia Sharp, Kappa Kappa Gan-
ma is the new vice-president of Pan-
hellenic and Rosemary Kline, Gam-
ma Phi Beta, was named secretary.
The new treasurer is Jean Wick, Al-
pha Gamma Delta, and Joyce Liver-
more, Chi Omega, will be the rushing
secretary.
Announcing the new WAA board,
Nancy Hattersley named Barbara
Bathke, vice-president; Barbara Wal-
lace, secretary; and Betsy Perry,
treasurer. Pam Watts will be the
representative of AFCW and Jean
See Page 4

On the second day only one enemy
plane was aloft and it was shot down.
That brought the two day's total at
Truk to 126.
Satawan Bombed
Satawan, one of the most import-
ant islands in the Nomoi atoll, was
bombed Sunday by carrier planes
and bombarded by cruisers command=
ed by Rear Adm. J. B. Oldendorf. Sa-
tawan, which has an airfield, was
bombed seven times in April by heavy
bombers based in the Solomons is-
lands. It received its first raid of
the war only April 10.
On Monday, carrier planes and
battleships commanded by Vice-Adm.
W. A. Lee turned their attention to
Ponape. That bombed and torn atoll
was raided 43 times in April by the
Seventh American' Army Air Force,
from its bases in the Marshall Is-
lands. Only yesterday, Brig. Gen.
Robert W. Douglas, Jr., acting com-
mander of the Seventh said Ponape
and other eastern outposts of Truk
"are very nearly completely neutral-
ized."
The attack on Truk was the second
of the war by U.S. carrier forces. In
the first, last Feb. 16-17, 23 Japanese
ships were sunk and probably six
more, and 201 enemy aircraft de-
stroyed. Only 17 American aircraft
were lost..

On India Base
Is Indicated
SOUTHEAST ASIA HEADQUAR-
TERS, KANDY, CEYLON, May 2.-
(AP)-Japanese invasion forces are at-
tacking strongly in the Palel area, 28
miles south of Imphal in India, it
was disclosed today amid indica-
tions that the enemy was about to
launch his expected mass assault on
the big Allied base from that direc-
tion.
A communique issued by Admiral
Lord Louis Mountbatten's headquar-
ters said a Japanese attack on Palel's
defenses Sunday night was "heavily"
beaten off, but added that patrol
clashes were raging in the hills north
of Palel A board runs from Palel
to Imphal, passing east of Lake Lok-
tak.
(A Tokyo dispatch broadcast by the
Berlin radio declared Tuesday that
12,000 Allied troops had begun a
"wholesale, confused retreat" from
Palel and said the main fighting now
centered about a point about nine
miles north of Palel, or some 19 miles
from Imphal. The same broadcast
claimed that 72 Allied planes, mostly-
transports, had been destroyed over
the Imphal plain in the past twp
weeks.)

Subs Destroy 17 Jap Ships;
Cruiserp Destroyers Included

WASHINGTON, May 2.-GP)-Al-
lied -submarines hacking at harried
Japanese shipping have cut a new
gap of 17 ships, four of them war
vessels, out of the Nipponese lifeline
of conquest.
The total represents 12 American
kills, including a light cruiser and
two destroyers, and five British, in-
cluding one destroyer, announced
respectively by Navy headquarters in
Washington and the Admiralty in
London.
The American coups brought to 695
the number of Japanese ships sunk,
Bribery Charge
Leveled act 14
Grand Jury Uncovers
Legislative Corruption
LANSING, May 2.-( P)- Circuit
Judge Leland W. Carr's one-man
grand jury investigation state gov-
ernment today released its second
conspiracy warrant, charging 14 per-
sons with having confederated "wick-
edly" and "unlawfully" to corrupt
the 1939 Michigan legislature.
Special prosecutor Kim Sigler said
evidence of the payment of bribes
"totaling several thousand dollars"
provided the basis for the warrant,
which accuses five officials of small
loan and personal finance companies
and nine past and present members
of the legislature of conspiring to

probably sunk or damaged by United
States submarines alone, including
69 warships.
Aside from the combatant vessels,
the newly announced lists included:
Sunk by American subs-one large
tanker, two medium size cargo trans-
ports, five medium size cargo vessels,
one large naval auxiliary.
By British subs-four supply ships,
one reported as medium sized, two
more as smaller, and the fourth not
described.
The U.S. Navy, in line with long-
established policy of keeping the en-
emy guessing, gave no details, but
the British were more communica-
tive.
The British-sunk destroyer went
down south of the Aandaman Islands
in the Indian Ocean while escorting a
supply ship, which also was torpe-
doed.
Floods Imperil,
Three States
By the Associated Press
Texas faced a threat of extensive
flood damage by its major rivers
yesterday while 11,600 federal troops,
state guardsmen and prisoners of
war worked to hold remaining levees
in Missouri and Illinois against the
swollen waters of the Mississippi and
its tributaries.
Five persons, including two Army
trainees, were killed in Texas wind-

French Department 10 Give Three PlaysToday

Three French comedies will be
presented at 8:30 p.m. today in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Members of the department of
romance languages will present
"Trn rmlnn caili" by riano

victim of politics, the former prose-
cuting attorney, is played by Prof.
Rene Talamon.
The bailiff, who does his best to
keep order in the court, is played
by Prof. Emeritus Arthur Canfield.

toine Jobin and Prof. Nelson Eddy
and Prof. Herbert Kenyon plays
the court clerk.
'Le Cuvier' To Be Given
In "Le Cuvier" (The Washtub),
a medieval farce, Richard Koppitch

Celia Taylor plays the part of
the stubborn and apparently stupid
maid in "Rosalie" by Max Maurey.
Her employers, Mr. and Mrs. Bol,
are played by George Petrossian
and Shirley Schwartz. They prom-
.., +t. ,._. . .,.., .:: ... .... ,: .-_ ...

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