T141P MICHI °_"-AN "ATIv
_ i rT 1.. Ii 1l.ti.A 11 T' A T13L Y
FRIIDAY, MAY 19, 1944
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
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DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN,
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Jane Farrant .
Stan Wallace .
Bud Low .
Mary Anne Olson
Marjorie Hall .
. . . . Managing Editor
. . . Editorial Director
. . . City Editor
. , . . Associate Editor
. . . .Sports Editor
. . -Associate Sports Editor
* . Associate Sports Editor
. . Women's Editor
. . Associate Women's Editor
. . Associate Women's Editor
. . . . Business Manager
. Associate Business Manager
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Elizabeth A. Carpenter
-Margery Batt .
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the -use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All tights of repub-
licntiox of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by-car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
'Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
NIGHT EDITOR: NEVA NEGREVSKI
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Censoring the Record
REPS. Clare Hoffman and John Rankin are up
to their old tricks again.
Tuesday they opened a-campaign to keep all
criticism of them and defense of. their critics
out of the Congressional Record. Their first
move was to block the- attempt of Rep. Martin
Kennedy to place in the .Record 'Walter Win-
chell's reply to Martin. Dies' attack on him. This,
although the Dies' attack has already ;been
printed. Second, they 'moved to have John Roy
Carlson's defense of himself..-against attacks
made on him in Congress, inserted in the Record
by Rep. -Herman Eberharter, stricken from it.
Not content with this, they forced an ad-
jeurnment of the house, preventing the de-
livery of a speech in defense of Carlson by
Rep. Arthur Klein. Nathan Robertson in PM
Wednesday reported that Hoffman .-and Ran-
kin as much as announced :that they would
not permit any more attacks on members of
Congress to be printed in the Congressional
Of course, Hoffman and Rankin-' obviously did
not mean that they therefore would cease making
attacks on such men as Carlson and Winchell.
Certainly not, for while campaigning to censor
the Record, Hoffman and Rankin are continu-
ing to make virulent attacks upon these very
men and others who dare to criticize their
The freedom which Congressmen enjoy under
their immunity is not anirresponsible freedom.
If certain Congressmen must make attacks upon
private citizens, those citizens }should have the
right to -answer them. And if other Congress-
men insert these answers into the Congressional
Record, so that charges and answers -can ap-
pear together, they have the right to do so.
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"You Can't Do This to Me!"
Southerner Gives Views on Race Problem
Editor's Note: We present this letter to you
because we think it covers a question that needs
an airing, one that can't be discussed too much.
The writer, in the letter, states and hopes his ideas
will bring some replies. In this spirit, then, we pass
it on to you.
To the Editor:
In the several months that I've been in Ann
Arbor, I have read The Daily with interest,
especially the editorials and letters dealing with
the racial problem. I represent a point of view
that usually gets kicked around in these parts;
in fact, invariably does. In other words, I grew
-up in the South, was educated there, and intend
to goback after the war.
I inherited my tradition, just as you did yours,
and while most .of your contributors would not
agree, I'm afraid, the Southern way is not
indefensible. In fact, I consider that we in the
South face fundamental facts more honestly than
those'of you who are victims of the humanitar-
ian or perfectibility fallacy. It is true that many
Southern politicians have used mammy oratory
and:shaky rationalization to support views they
hold for irrational reasons, .and that is a mistake.
But *their, big mistake is to suppose that
beliefs must be founded on reason, and are
not respectable if they can't be proved to be
rational. Some things, like gravitation, are
just existent, and we have to put up with them
the best we can.
What are the irreducible facts that the ex-
tremist racial agitators ignore? Well, as the
Southerner ,sees it, there are several. One is
that by no means are human beings equal. A
-large number, perhaps the majority of pepple,
are trash, to .use an ugly word. Therefore free
or unqualified democracy is a concept which if
realized would lead to a chaos.
Democracy is a dream ani a word to conjure
with, but we don't want it and\ if you were
realists, I don't think you would either. Notice,
when I say some people are better than others,
I'm not referring to color distinctions. There
is white trash and black trash, as well as ex-
cellent men in both races.
But that is not the important fact. What
about the black and white races, considered for
a moment as entities? I am quite willing to ad-
mit that in any measurable way Negroes are the
equals of whites. As a matter of fact, the white
mane has usually felt himself to be superior to
the black one, but that is a matter of historical
accident. It is quite conceivable that under'some
circumstances the black race might have felt
itself to be the superior. Only an ignorant man
would still try to claim that Negroes are some-
how intrinsically inferior.
I should use another word---"different." My
point is that under any conceivable circum-
stances, the two races will always be alien races,
separated by nature, which is not rational. In
other words, the Negro is not simply a white man
who happens to be black. He is different, and
as I construe it, this is what the white Southern-
This feeling goes down below reason, and it
is not amenable to education. After all, there
are comparatively few Negroes outside the
South, and I suppose it is true that the con-
tributors I have read in The Daily have actual-
Iy-known only a few.
There are social researchers who visit Missis-
sippi and often through months' work, prepare
reports. But be honest, and admit that a strang-
er cannot come into a place and understand it,
and then go read William Faulkner, if you want
to encounter a man who has a deep awareness
of what it is to live in a region shared by two
This gets too long, I'm afraid, but the es-
sential point is made. An immensely compli-
cated superstructure has been erected, or better,
grown of itself on this foundation of difference
in the races. Admittedly there have been many
cases of injustice from white to black. Equally
lamentable is the fact that two different and
therefore mutually suspicious races have had to
occupy the same region. But the hard fact is
th they have had to do so, and in my opinion,
shown remarkable tolerance-of each other.
The South is a white man's country, and the
Negroes "have their place," which is unfor-
tunate in that they have no great say in what
is done with the country. But the obverse side
is often-forgotten. If the Negro has his place;
so has the white man his place and duty.
I grew up in Mississippi: I know and respect
many Negroes there. I would not call them
my "friends"; all of us would be embarrassed
if I did, because our code of behavior does not
allow it and neither of us has any desire to go
I ,know what to expect of them, and they
know I will treat them fairly. It may sound
ridiculous to Yankee readers, but there is a
feeling of "noblesse oblige" on both sides. And
if there's ever been anything else that made
people be decent to each other in a similar situ-
ation, I don't know what it is.
.I personally;have no desire to change the
status quo, as far as trying to abolish the dis-
tinction between the races goes. It can't be
done -by education; it can't be done by force-
it can't be done at all. If it can't be, and the
two continue to be separate, I cannot see how
the Negro and his humanitarian white sym-
pathizer can ever get what they apparently
want-which is to move in a white world with
no distinction at all.
I would suggest, along with certain leaders in
Southern circles, that as near to an ideal solu-
tion as we can ever come is to have parallel
civilizations, which we have in the South to a
certain extent already.
If anybody has stuck this far, I should ap-
preciate a reply, and if any is forthcoming,
please try to remember that the racial problem
in the South is complicated far beyond what
you would ever dream. What appears so
beautifully simple =up here, almost diagram-
matic, is down there fearfully gnarled.
Also remember that there are some problems
which are incapable of solution, and that it is
better to take the world straight, remembering
that it has been, is, and will very probably con-
tinue to be a hell of a place, than to put on
optimist's glasses and see it as a possible para-
dise, easily realized if only a few stupid Simon
Legreeish Southerners were put out of the way.
FRIDAY, APRIL 28, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 121
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence and the Arts: There will be a
meeting of the Faculty of the College
of Literature, Science and the Arts in
Rm. 1025, Angell Hall, May 1, 1944
at 4:15 p.m.
Notices of this meeting and the
proposed agenda and reports have
been distributed through campus
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence and the Arts: Mid-semester re-
ports are due not later than Satur-
day, April 29.
Report cards are being distributed.
to all departmental offices. Green
cards are being provided for fresh-
man reports; they should be returned
to the Qffice of the Academic Coun-
selors, 108 Mason Hall. White cards,
for reporting sophomores, juniors
and seniors should be returned to
1220 Angell Hall.
Mid-semester reports should name
those students, freshmen and upper-
classmen, whose standing at mid-
semester is D or E, not merely those
who receive D or E in so-called mid-
Students electing our courses, but
registered in other schools or colleges
of the University should be reported
to the school ordcollege in which
they are registered.
Additional cards may be had at
108 Mason Hall or at 1220 Angell
College of Architecture and De-
sign, School of Education, School of
Forestry; and Conservation, School of
Music, School of Public Health: Mid-
semester reports indicating students
enrolled in these units doing unsatis-
factory work in any unit of the Uni-
versity are due in the office of the
school or college by April 29th at
noon. Report blanks for this pur-
pose may be secured from the office
of the school or college or from Room
4, University Hall.
The ten-weeks' grades for Marine
and Navy trainees (other than Engi-
neers) will be due May 13. Only D
and E grades need be reported.
The Office of the Academic Coun-
selors, 108 Mason Hall, will receive
these reports and transmit them to
the proper officers.
If more blue cards are needed,
please call at 108 Mason Hall or
telephone 613 and they will be sent
by campus mail.
The Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information has a re-
quest from one of the better boys'
camps for two college men to work
as supervisors during the summer.
The salary is $100 a month plus
maintenance. For further details, call
at the office of THE BUREAU OF
APPOINTMENTS AND OCCUPA-
TIONAL INFORMATION, 201 Mason
Hall. Office hours are 9 to 12 a.m.
and 2 to 4 p.m.
Mrs. Faris of the Columbus, O.
chapter of the American Red Cross
will be in our office on May 1, 1944 to
interview girls who are interested in
social work in Columbus, O. Call our
office Ext. 371 for appointments or
stop in at 201 Mason Hall. Bureau of
Miss Stickney will be in our office
on May 1 and May 2 for the purpose
of recruiting Girl Scout Professional
workers in the Chicago area. Girls
who would like to talk to her call our
office for appointments Ext 371
Bureau of Appointments, 201 Mason
Food Handler's Lectures: Two se-
ries of lectures for food handlers will
be given by Melbourne Murphy,
Health Service Sanitarian, in the
Lecture Room of the Health Service
on the following days. The lectures
will include slides and films.
Lecture I-Tues., April 25-2 p.m.
Lecture II-Tues., May 2, 2 p.m.
Lecture I-Thurs., April 27, 2 p.m.
Lecture II-Thurs., May 4, 2 p.m.]
All persons concerned with food
service to University students who
have not previously attended are
asked to attend one of the present
series. Other interested persons are1
cordially invited to attend.
La Sociedad Hispanica: Change of '
date for Dr. Itriago's lecture. Thist
lecture will take place Monday, May
1, instead of previous date. Place:
Rackham Amphitheatre. Time: 8
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for removal of IN-
COMPLETES will be Saturday, April
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for DROPPING COUR-
SES WITHOUT RECORD will be
Saturday, April 29. A course may be
dropped only with the permission of
the classifier after conference with
School of Education Freshmen:
Courses dropped after Saturday,
April 29, will be recorded with the
grade of E except under extraordin-
ary circumstances. No course is con-
sidered dropped unless it has been
reported in the office of the Regis-
trar, Rm. 4, University Hall.
Freshmen, College of Literature,
Science and the Arts: Freshmen may
not drop courses without "E" grade
after Saturday, April 29. Only stu-
dents with less than 24 hours' credit
are affected by this regulation. They
must be recommended by their Aca-
demic Counselor for this extraordi-
Medical Aptitude Test: The Medi-
cal Aptitude Test of the Association
of American Colleges, a normal re-
quirement for admission to practi-
cally all medical schools, will be
given today throughout the United
States. The test, which will require
. about two hours, will be given in Ann
Arbor in the Rackham Amphitheatre
from 3 to 5 p.m.
Any student planning to enter a
medical school and who has not pre-
viously taken the Aptitude Test
should do so at this time. You are
requested to be in your seats prompt-
ly and to bring with you two well-
Doctoral Students: The thesis dead-
line for students expecting to receive.
degrees in June has been changed to
May 1. We cannot guarantee that
students can complete the require-
ments for their degrees by the end of
the Spring Term.
Doctoral Examination for Chao-
Lan Kao, Physics; thesis: "The Infra-
Red Absorption Spectra of Difluoro-
methane and Fluoroform," today,
East CouncilCRoom, Rackham Build-
ing, 3 p.m. Chairman, E. F. Barker.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend this ex-
amination, and he may grant per-
mission to those who for sufficient
reason might wish to be present.
Zoology 156, Fisheries Biology: Spe-
cial field trip Saturday. Cars leave
at 4 a.m. from North University en-
trance of Natural Science Bldg. Make1
transportation reservations in Zo-
ology Department office before today
Carillon Recital: Percival Price,
University Carillonneur, will present
a program of compositions for the
carillon at 7 o'clock tonight. I
Student Recital: Jeannette Haien,f
pianist, will present a recital in par-l
tial fulfillment of the requirements
for the degree of Bachelor of Musict
at 8:30 p.m., Sunday, April 30, in
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. A stu-c
dent of John Kollen, Miss Haien willi
play compositions , by Beethoven,
Chopin, Liszt and Schuman.s
The public is cordially invited. v
The Twenty-First Annual Exhibi-
tion by artists of Ann Arbor and
vicinity, presented by the Ann Arbor
Art Association, in the galleries of1
the tRackham Building, April -22
through May 12, datly except Sunday,1
afternoons 2 to 5 and evenings 7 tol
10. The public is cordially invited.
Exhibit: Original plans and per-
spectives for the proposed civic cen-
ter of Madison, Wisconsin, designed
by the architect, Frank Lloyd Wright.
Ground floor corridor, Architecture
Building. On exhibit until May 1.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
be held on Friday, April 28 at 4 p.m.F
in Rm. 319 West Medical Building.
'Some Problems of the Physiological
Relationships of Amino Acids" will be f
discussed. All interested are invited.
Dr. Karl W. Deutsch of the Massa-v
chusetts Institute of Technology will -
address the members of the Post-War,
Council and other interested students
By Samuel Grafton
NEW YORK, April 27.-There is
something so naked about the Smith
Committee's report to the House that
the effect is one of almost charming
candor. The committee wants higher
prices, higher rents and lower wages.
That is all. It is as one-sided and as
innocently arrogant as a child's
The Hon. members of the commit-
tee have simply put down on paper
everything that their hearts pine for.
They want a bicycle with red wheels,
and they want the government to
guarantee every businessman a profit.
The Hon. members have written
down -their day-dreams and called
it a report. One proposal says that
if a business man's costs go up, his
prices must be allowed to go up,
too, regardless of his profits. But
another proposal says that if cer-
tain workers in any industry are
receiving substandard wages, they
must go right on receiving substan-
dard wages, which are on no ac-
count to be raised. The document
is as primitive as that.
And Mr. Smith is the hero of a
similar episode, dating back to 1939,
when he first introduced a resolution
to investigate the National Labor
Relations Board. His resolution called
the Board so many bad names that it
made a minor scandal in the House.
It was there pointed out to Mr. Smith
that, in the ordinary course of events,
conclusions are supposed to follow
an investigation, not precede it. Mr.
Smith hastily withdrew his resolution
and wrote a more polite one.
In a sense, his new report is an
outgrowth of that incident, for Mr.
Smith was, actually, not empowered
to investigate the question of infla-
tion, but only'to investigate the day-
to-day workings of the government
agencies. Instead, he has come in
and placed on teacher's desk a plan
for a wholly new economic program,
and one, as has been remarked, which
is so naked that, in common decency,
a policeman's coat ought to be
clapped hastily around the shivering
At a time when priests are Par.
tisans and when Eric Johnstons
speak up for organized labor; at a
time when civilized men all over
the world are learning the hard
lesson of compromise as the alter-
-native to chaos, one cannot really
beangry, one can only be amazed
at the sight of these men bringing
in their bald plan for higher- prices
and lower wages. There is some-
-thing -close to innocence about it
all. These men want to have their
own way. And they are so happy
They are utterly delighted, as if
they had just thought of something
brand-new, and perfectly wonderful.
Their eyes shine, and they haven't a
doubt in the world. This is perhalis
the most impressive demonstration
of naive single-mindedness ever seen'
in Washington, and one hesitates to
spoil it by reciting the facts of life to
them. I think their hearts might
(Copyright, 1944, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
day Night Dance will be held as
usual at the Club beginning at 8 p.m.
The Ann Arbor Library Club will
meet tonight at 7:45 in Rm. 110,
Miss Agnes N. Tyss. will talk o
Microfilms, and Dr. B. A. Uhlendorf
will discuss Offset Printing. MicrQ-
film reading machines will be on ex-
hibit. Refreshments will be served
by staff members of the Departmen-
ta and Coiegiate Libraries.
All library staff members as well as
others interested in library work are
invited to become members of the
Ann A bor Library Club. Dues tre
seventy-five cents a -year. Members
who have not already lone so are
urgently requested to pay their dues
to the treasurer, Mr. Harrell, as
fonds are running low.
Conservative Services will be held
at the B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation
this evening at 7:30 o'clock. Rabbi
Jehudah M. Cohen will speak at
8:30. Reform Services begin at 8:45
p.m. Refreshments and a social hour
the Angell Hall Observatory will
be open to the public from 9 to 11
Saturda y evening, April 29, in case
the sky is clear or nearly so. The
moon and the planet Jupiter will be
shown through the telescopes. Chil-
dren must be accompanied by adults.
Hillel Foundation will present "The
Forgotten Village" a movie based on
John Steinbeck's book tomorrow
(Saturday), There will be two per-
formances, at 8 p.m. and at 9 p.m.
"They Find a Home," a short feature
released by United PalestineAppeal,
will also be shown. Dancing, games
and refreshments will follow the
movie. There is no admission charge.
Everyone is invited to attend..
Most of the civilian dent and ned students,
as well as practically all senior engineers on
campus are already lifetime members of the
Michigan Union by virtue of having attended
this university for eight semesters.
As such they are entitled to all the privileges
the Union has to offer. Yet five:dollars from
the tuition of each for every semester he re-
mains in school goes to the Union as a mem-
The cashier's office reports that it cannot
distinguish between those life members and
others when they transfer the part of the tuition
to the Union, but that the Union could refund
a portion to those students who are already life-
time hmembers, if it wishes.
Does it wish? -Harvey Frank
Democracy in Action
An ingenious suggestion . . . was made today
By Crockett Johnson
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Whaever made your dad Shas o Bishop Berkley! 'l!)
Pop's in the living room now.
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30 HN ofijSuppose I brush up for an