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April 27, 1944 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-04-27

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VOL. LIV No. 120 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, APRIL 27, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Allies Launch New
Attacks at Anzio
Troops Break Lull at Bridgehead;
Yank Planes Bomb Roads to Rome

Reds Blast
Axis near
Sevastopol
Russians Open Mass
Offensive on Ronanian
Front; Nazi Ships Sunk

Americans Seize

Two Air

Bases

In Attack on Jap-Held Hollandia;
Nipons Losing Ground in Burma

By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NAPLES, April 26 Allied troops
have broken the lull on the Anzio
bridgehead, improved their positions
and have taken prisoners in several
limited attacks launched after a
combined artillery and propaganda
barrage, Allied Headquarters an-
nounced today.
The Allies lashed out to strengthen
their, lines as American fliers report-
ed heavy movements of enemy motor
transport on the highways near
Rome and as official reports told of
enemy replacements from the Rus-
sian front reaching the beachhead
front.
Gains Increasing
The gains were scored in the past
three days, headquarters announced,
a mile and a half northeast of Car-
ano, where the Germans launched
their latest big qffensive against the
bridgehead forces. The Allies first
directed a propaganda talk at the
German lines through amplifiers,
and 50 prisoners were taken.
Nazis Massed in Rome
Pilots of American light bombers
attacking roads in the .Rome area
reported the enemy troop concentra-
tions around Rome, the second time
in two weeks such enemy moves have
been noted. The significance re-
mained unexplained, but it was clear
that the Allieswere taking no chan-
ces on being caught unprepared.
Official sources quoted Nazi pris-
oners as declaring that some of the
National News
InlBrief'...

By The Associated Press
Lend-Lease Extended . .
WASHINGTON, April 26. - The
Senate Foreign Relations Committee
voted unanimously today to extend'
the $22,500,000,000 lend-lease pro-
gram another year, after a 60-minute
session in which it was described as a
vital factor in pre-invasion strategy.
Asserting he will seek to call up the
House-approved Lend-Lease Exten-
sion Bill in the Senate next week,
Chairman Connally (Dem., Tex.) said
the committee accepted the program
as an "established war policy."
Grants Opposed ...
WASHINGTON, April 26.-Ob-
jections were voiced before the
House Roads Committee today to
proposed federal grants in the $3,
000,000,000 Post - War Highway
Authorization Bill; one witness as-
serting that federal aid programs
were "the rock on which federal
bureaucracy was founded."
Petrillo Summoned . .
WASHINGTON, April 26. - The
War Labor Board today summoned
officials of the AFL American Federa-
tion of Musicians to a hearing on
Monday to explain why strikes at
radio stations in Chicago and St.
Paul have not been terminated.
Telegrams were addressed to James
C. Petrillo, International president;
Edward Benkert, local union secre-
tary at Chicago; and George Murk,
president of the Minneapolis local
union.
Statement Disowned,. .
WASHINGTON, April 26.-The
War Department today pointedly
disowned Lt. Gen. George S. Pat-
ton's remark that Americans, Brit-
ish and Russians are destined "to
rule the world."
Reacting swiftly to the statement,
which caused a fresh flurry of
criticism of the General in Con-
gress, Secretary Stimson issued a
memorandum stating:
"General Patton was expressing
his own personal views. He was not
speaking for the War Department."
Titus Hutzel Dies
After Long Illness
Titus F. Hutzel, one of Ann Arbor's
pioneer businessmen, died at his
home yesterday after a long period of
illness.

German troops transferred from the
Russian front were suffering from
frozen feet and that many had con-
tracted trenchfoot. Prisoners taken
in the bridgehead action also said the
Germans' water was bad and their
food had deteriorated in recent weeks.
They reported German casualties
had been heavy.
The land fronts in Italy except for
the bridgehead were quiet, but 15th
Air Force Liberator bombers were
disclosed to have shifted their attack
from the Balkans yesterday and cov-
ered the Aeritalia aircraft plant and
adjacent airfields at Turin with
heavy bombs, also combing over rail-
road facilities at Parma and Ferrara
in northern Italy, junction points for
German supply trains.
RIAF Bombs
German Cities
In Night Raid
Yanks Hit Brunswick
In 13th Day of Attack;
No Allied Planes Lost
By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 27, Thursday. -
Heavy bombers of the RAF carried the
Allied air offensive against German
Europe into its thirteentht onsecu-
tive day today, striking with massive
force by moonlight at the German
armaments city of Essen and else-
where in a methodical follow-up to a1
1,000-plane American daylight raid
on Brunswick and other targets.
The Americans lost not a single1
bomber, but six fighters failed to
return from the widespread and di-
versified daylight operations.
Details Not Revealed
Details of the RAF night attack;
were not available, but it was stated
authoritatively that the big bombers
were out "in great strength."£
Essen, a frequent target, last was
subjected to a heavy raid by more
than 750 RAF four-engined bombers
on March 26, and was hit by Mos-
quito bombers April 8. It has been
called the Pittsburgh of Germany. R
The major American daylight raid
did not encounter any fighter op-1
position. Between 250 and 500 Fort-,
resses and Liberators made the 900-
mile round trip to Brunswick, dump-
ing 1,500 tons of bombs. A commun-
ique said the escort of from 500 to
750 Mustangs, Lightnings and Thun-
derbolts made no contact with Ger-
man interceptors.
Nazy Fortresses Hit1
Other aircraft hammered at Hitler's
European fortress at many points.
A supper-time fleet of light bomb-i
ers plastered military objectives in
northern France and Belgium under[
Thunderbolt and Spitfire escort.
Ninth Air Force medium Maraud-
ers, A-20 Havoc light-bombers, andi
Thunderbolt fighter-bombers hit rail f
centers at Louvain and Saint Chis-I
lain while Bostons and Mitchells1
concentrated on Saint Ghislain. I
Coastal Defenses Bombed;
Another stab at coastal defensesi
was carried out before dark by Mos-
quitoes and Typhoon fighter-bomb-
ers.
RAF Spitfires, equipped with longt
range gasoline tanks, made their first1
penetration of Germany this after-
noon, hitting parked gliders. Theye
returned without loss.
Bruswick, 110 miles west of Berlin,.
has been one.of the costliest targetsI
on the American list-60 bombersi
were lost on a daylight attack on
Bruswick and other central German
targets Jan. 11 when 15 Nazi fighters
were destroyed.

By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 27, Thursday. - Japs Lte}
Blasting at an Axis fleet presumably tt
attempting to evacuate largenumbers I
of the besieged forces at Sevastopol
the Russians have sunk fiveGerman
and Romanian transports and dam- S
aged two others in the past 24 hours, h
Moscow announced tonight.
The Soviet daily communique re- By The Associat
ported once again "there were no SOUTHEAST ASIA
essential changes at the front" during TERS, Kandy, ceylo
the day, but official German and Ro-
manian announcements said the Red Waves of Japanese jut
Army had broken the land lull by throwing themselves
opening a large-scale offensive yes- against Allied road bl
terday on the Romanian front, scor- Burma and are "peris
ing local break-throughs which were
sealed off.a they try to break t
Activity Rages near Stanislawow clamped on their'coma
A supplement to the Soviet com- thousands of airborne
munique referred to continued activ- Allied spokesman ann
ity southeast of Stanislawow in old Preceded by heavy
Poland, where skirmishing has been mortar fire and supp
reported the past few days. It said tanks, the yelling, yov
about a company of Germans were are charging into the2
wiped out and some important heights through mine fields
were captured by Russian tankmen. points on a broken 100
In another sector, unidentified, 800 are being mown dow
Germans were reported killed and American and Indiant
300 wounded and 20 tanks or self- There was no Indic
propelled guns smashed in one of enemy, moved by desp
the bloodiest small engagements since to try to crush the Al
the Sevastopol lull set in. tween his two big base
Ships Sunk in Barents Sea i and Myitkyina, had t
In addition to the action off Sevas- the Allied blocks onI
topol, the Russians announced that coland rir rohr
in the Barents Sea in the Arctic, So- Air Forces hold contro
viet aircraft had encountered "a large the scattered fightings
group of German transports sailing giving active support
under convoy of warships, cutters and tied Allied ground troo
fighters" and that despite bad visi- transported by gliders
bility the Russian airmen sank four the original landing
of the transports totalling 20,000 the enemy lines, the s1
tons. The Russians did not say which (The Japanese radio
way this convoy was moving. a dispatch dated fro
In the two naval-air clashes 2,000 front, said "Admira
miles apart the Russians reported a Mountbatten now hay
total of nine German transports to- units on his hands, th
talling 33,000 tons sunk, with numer- corps in the Imphal I
ous smaller vessels 'sunk and dam- and airborne troops in
aged. troops are 'daily gazin
Soviet planes and warships of the the approach of thei
Black Sea fleet cooperated to rip the advent of the rains
apart the Axis vessels off Sevastopol, become extremely dif
Moscow said. The air force during Allied Air Force tot
the night bombed Axis ships and supplies and ammunit
stores in the port of Sevastopol and
iKaahy Bay a evils tpo the
south, starting fires and explosions, 1 iiixt,
"including two of enormous strength."
The five enemy transports, with a Send IeW
total displacement of 13,000 tons,
were sunk reportedly with a barge'
and two patrol ships along the Axis To W ashi
lines of communication.

-npt
Allied
old
ed Press
HEADQUAR-
n, April 26 -
ngle troops are
desperately
ocks in centralI
hing in droves"
;he stranglehold
imunications by
"Chindits," an
ounced today.
artillery and
ported by light
wling Japanese
Allied wire and
at numerous
-mile front and
wn by British,
troops, he said.
ation that the
erate necessity
lied "box" be-
s at Mandalay
broken any of
railroad, high-
rtation:
n's Commando
I of the air over
arenas and are
to the embat-
ips, whom they
and planes to
points behind
pokesman said.
o, broadcasting
)m the Burma
l Lord Louis
s two isolated
e fourth Army
Basin in India
Burma. These
g skyward for
rain, but with
y season it will
ficult for the
transport even
ion."a

'JABBERWACKEY!'
Seniors Will Be Honored at
Opening Night of Junior Play

gates
Ington

Pc £a if ic
Tonahmerah
- Bay
'Cyc osd
-COLLANDl Humboldi
-° HIanda lb, ,/ABay
- - - ake :_
Sentoni 0Tama
15-_
-G--
STATUTE MILSU .IN. A
DRIVES AT HOLLANDIA-Arrows show American pincers moves at
Hollandia, before capturing three airdromes. U.S. and Dutch troops
closed in on the main Hollandia air base and on two other fields, in
the area.

Representatives from Michigan
K eIi Kd . Youth for Democratic Action and
1il Inter-Racial Association will leave,
dil , today for Washington to speak to
A to O1IIS1Ia Michigan's Senators concerning the
psaeof the Anti-Poll Tax Bill.
OlMYDA and IRA have been obtain-
One man was killed and another' ing signatures on petitions for the
injured at 6:55 a.m. yesterday in the past week calling for the passage of
second fatal truck and automobile I the bill and a cloture vote to prevent'
accident in less than a month at filibuster. More than 1,000 students
Stadium Blvd. and Packard Street. and faculty men have signed these'
Gerald Keihl, 25 years old, of Darl- petitions, and the representatives will
ington, died of internal injuries be- show them to the Senators as an in-
fore he could be taken to the hospital, dication of student sentiment on
Meredith Gillam of 2915 Kimberly campus.
Road, a passenger in the car which MYDA representatives are Aggie
was driven by Keihl, suffered from Miller, president; Martha Kirkpat-
serious internal injuries, and was rick, and Lee Landy. Mrs. Lola
rushed to St. Joseph's Hospital. Branchfield and Margaret Stevens,'
John Barnett, driver of the truck, co-chairmen, will represent IRA. The
was uninjured. He was released aft- funds for train fare for the students
er questioning by the police, and told was raised by individual contribu-
to appear before Prosecutor Francis tions from students and faculty.

Senior Night, which will be held at patrons and special guests will be
7:30 p.m. today in the Lydia Men- admitted to the theatre tonight.
delssohn Theatre, will be followed by In observing Senior Night tradi-
the opening performance of "Jabber- tions, married coeds will blow out
wackey," original two-act musical candles, those ho a e engaged will
comedy, at 8:30 p.m., according to men will put a penny in the "wishing
Mary Ann Jones, '45A, chairman of well" for each year in which they
the production. have been "unattached," according
The new presidents of Women's to Miss Buck, who yesterday an-
War Council and of Women's Judi- nounced that a special feature would
ciary Council will be announced to- be added for coeds wearing fraternity
night, according to Marilyn Mayer, pins.
'44, present head of the Judiciary Tickets Still 'Available
Council. Other events of the evening Tickets may still be purchased on
include the traditional senior cere- the Diagonal and at the Lydia Men-
monies, songs and newly-added fea- delssohn Theatre box office for the
tures, according to Phyl Buck, '44A public performance of "Jabberwack-
assistant chairman of arrangements. ey," at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow, according
Caps and Gowns Needed to Shelby Dietrich, '45, chairman of
Graduating senior women only are See JGP, Page 5
admitted to the first floor of the
theatre, and they must wear caps and Bar.fI
gowns, which can still be obtained at M rruc ia7VUs
Moe Sport Shop at 711 N. University.
Senior coeds who will graduate in M ilion D l lahs
October or in February will be ad-
mitted to the balcony if they present
identification cards. Otherwise, only To Research
MANEW YORK, April 26.-(IP)-Ber-
M enefee Attacks nard M. Baruchtoday gave $1,100,000
to extend the oldest branch of the
Fngine Uni01ns healing arts, physical medicine, which
started among cave men with the
"laying on of hands."
"Heterogeneous unions do not pro- Simultaneously the Baruch Com-
mote the professional idea," Professor mittee on Physical Medicine, headed
Ferdinand N. Menefee said in a talk by Dr. Ray Lyman Wilbur of Stan-
on "Unionism and Engineering" be- ford University, recommended a na-
fore members of Sigma Rho Tau, tionwide,'scientific boost of this art,
yesterday. particularly for returning soldiers.
The American Society of Civil En- The committee defined physical
gineers, Menefee explained, has in- medicine as use of light, heat, water,
vestigated the War Labor Board, cold, electricity, massage, manipula-
which has upheld laws that force the tion, exercise, spas, climatology and
professional engineer to join the in- hydrology, the latter specializing in
dustrial union, if he has not formed baths, sprays and the like.
his own bargaining group. "I believe "I am convinced," Baruch said,
that the Society was justified," Men- "that returning men and women now
efee declared, "because this policy is in the armed services will need the
not square with the engineer's tradi- advantages of physical medicine, and
tional interest in public welfare." I feel this program will help restore
The investigator, continued Mene- discharged soldiers to normal physi-
fee, reported that all employes will be cal and mental condition. My inter-
forced to adopt colective bargaining. est has been heightened by my desire
"I don't think that collective bar- to do something for the 700,000 re-
gaining is ethical or democratic," turning soldiers-men and women-
said Menefee, "and I don't believe every month. I want to do that some-
that anvthing fiavm+a11,r p thing now, before I get older."

Capture of Third
Airdrome Near;
Madang Falls
By The Associated Press
ADVANCED ALLIED HEADQUAR-
TERS, NEW GUINEA, April 27,
Thursday.-American invasion forces
have captured two of Hollandia's air-
dromes in their mighty assault on the
northern coast of New Guinea.
Five hundred miles to the south-
east along the New Guinea coast,
Australian forces have seized the Jap-
anese supply base of Madang.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur in his
communique today said the Cyclopes
and Santani fields in the Hollandia
area had been captured and that the
third airdrome, Hollandia, was only a
short distance from the invading
spearheads.
Aussies Seize Madang
The Aussies who swept up the Ra-
mu Valley to seize Madang captured
quantities of supplies and equipment,
the communique said.
Enemy resistance has ceased in the
Aitape sector, 150 miles southeast of
Hollandia, also invaded in the gigan-
tic Saturday dawn operation. Bomb-
ers and fighters are using the Tadji
airdrome there in support of the
Hollandia campaign.
Junction is imminent between the
Hollandia invaders who landed 34
miles apart at Humboldt and Tanah-
merah Bays, MacArthur said. They
are nearing each other on a road at
the base of the towering Cyclops
Mountains situated between the water
and the airdrome areas.
No Damage Reported
The first enemy action of any
weight against the invaders was an
attack by 12 Japanese torpedo planes
on a destroyer off Hollandia. Mac-
Arthur reported no damage.
Cyclops airdrome is 11 miles west
of the town of Hollandia, seized the
second day of the invasion, and Sen-
tani airdrome, also known as Tami, is
12 miles to the southeast of the town,
near Sentani Lake. The Japanese
had developed these airdromes exten-
sively.
Robert Eunson, Associated Press
War Correspondent, reported that no-
where in the Hollandia and Aitape
invasion sectors was there any evi-
dence of organized enemy resistance
in the first two days of the invasion.
"Where did they go?" was the query
on every man's tongue as they looked
for the 14,000 or more Japanese es-
timated to have been in the inva-
sion sectors prior to the landings last
Saturday.
Danes Arrested
In Copenhagen
Widespread Sabotage
Rages Agamst Nazis
STOCKHOLM, April 26.- (W)-
Hundreds of Danes have been arrest-
ed in Copenhagen and German arm-
ored cars are patrolling the capital's
streets amid sporadic bursts of gun-
fire, Danish underground sources re-
ported tonight from that German-
occupied and newly-isolated country.
These reports, impossible to check
for accuracy, said widespread- sabo-
tage against the Germans was in
progress despite Nazi threats of sum-
mary executions.
Telegraph and postal communica-
tions between Denmark and Sweden
remained broken for the second day,
and only Germans were allowed to
use the ferries. Even Swedish diplo-
mats were forbidden to travel be-
tween the two countries.
The German effort to wipe out the
underground patriot organization be-

gan Monday with hundreds of ar-
rests, the Free Danish Press Service
said, and about 300 more were arrest-
ed today, with all facing a threat of
execution if resistance to the Nazi
rule continues.
CIO Asks Strikers
To Return to Work
DETROIT, April 26.-A)-Interna-

Kamman Tuesday.
Barnett claimed that he was trav-:
eling 30 miles per hour at the time{
of the accident, and that the KeihlI
car, approaching north of Packard,
halted at the intersection directly
in front of the truck. Barnett also
stated that he had the right of way,
since the traffic light had turned
green before he proceeded through
the intersection.

Hume Elected to Board ...
Robert Hume was elected student
representative to the Board of Con-
trol of Student Publications in the
all-campus elections yesterday.
Hume will hold his position on
the Board of Control for two sem-
esters, replacing retiring member,
Warren Burgess.

l aigW ng
will remain."

MASSACHUSETTS WANTS FDR.

Dewey Favored in Pennsylvania Primaries

J-1

By D. HAROLD OLIVER
Associated Press Staff Writer
Pennsylvania Republicans in nearly
complete returns yesterday from
Tuesday's Presidential Primary gave
Gov. Thomas E. Dewey at least 16
times as many write-in votes as his
nearest contended in a field of seven
and installed him a heavy favorite
P -- I, -o ~n' 1n .,1iadA aMa-

pledged delegates with only two
convention votes out of the state's
34, plus an indefinite few unpledged
but known Ely supporters. The
remainder are unpledged but a big
majority are placed by party lead-,
ers in the Roosevelt column.
The 35 Republican delegates elect-i
ed Tuesday in Massachusetts also are

ard was reelected national commit-
teeman.j
The relative standing today of the
Republican presidential candidate'
prospects in pledged delegates and
delegates claimed for them publicly
was:
Gov. Dewey ................ 249 I
Lt. Comdr. Stassen........ ..34

from, although Bricker himself told
New York reporters some of it would
be in New England and Southern
delegations.
Democratic delegate standing to
date:
Roosevelt.363
Ely .......................... 3
Unpledged and unclaimed ..., 64

Free Education
Is Advocated
CHICAGO, April 26.-IP)-Floyd W.
Reeves, professor of administration
at the University of Chicago, today
advocated "free education with an
allowance for maintenance" for "all
youth whom it could benefit."
In an address before the American
Association of Collegiate Registrars,
Reeves proposed such a program-
"should be provided in the post-war
period, not only for veterans but #for
all youth who can benefit by such
nAmi annand whn nornnfanri

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