TRE MICIH-I AN DAILY
THURSDALY, APRIL0, 1944
ifrtha Y aily
By DREW PEARSON
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
1ication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press,'1943-44
Bud Low .
Jo Ann Peterson
Mary Anne Olson .
. . . . Managing Editor
. . . Editorial Director
* . . City Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
. . . . . Sports Editor
Associate Sports Editor
* . Associate Sports Editor
. . . . Women's Editor
. . Associate Women's Editor
Elizabeth A. Carpenter . . Business Manager
Margery Batt . . Associate Business Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: VIRGINIA ROCK
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
SUTH IN FU RY:
We Must Fight Against
THERE is no doubt in my mind as to the dem-
ocratic and humanitarian reasons on which
the Marcantonio Anti-Poll Tax Bill is based.
Signing a petition asking support of the bill
and Senatorial use of cloture in limiting debate
on this measure docketed for discussion April
24, shows the world that our hearts are in the
right place, in the democratic institutions that
Such a petition is now being circulated on
this campus: sign it, but don't expect your
signatures or those of a million others like
you to change an undemocratic South into a
democratic one overnight.
Even if the Senate does invoke cloture pro-
ceedings, the Southern Senators, backed up by
a'Southern population furious over Yankee in-
tervention, are prepared to introduce one thou-
sand amendments to fight till the end of this
session of Congress so that "Southern democra-
cy," in Senator Maybank's words, will not be
The elimination of the poll tax will take more
than enlightened North and West to secure. The
people of the South are the. main stumbling
block to the fulfillment of real democratic insti-
tutions everywhere in this country.
They lost a war popularly fought over a demo-
cratic principle, but the war seems to have done
little in abating their contemptible attitude to-
ward the Negro. It will take a long time to
change Southern attitudes. It will take a lot
of hardboiled intimidation of the South to do it.
We've got to keep, up the fight to help free
the American Negro from the economic, polit-
ical and social servitude now imposed on him
in the South, and to a lesser extent in the
North. After we mend. our own fences the
position of those whites in political cop trol in
the South will be so much more weakened.
The South is angry; their Senators are willing
to halt important Senate proceedings for months
if it will let them keep their damnable institu-
tions-the white primary, the poll tax and the
Jim Crow laws. It is about time that we got
tough with them. It seems evident that the
South will win this time, but we must not get
discouraged. We must hit again and again in
our newspapers and in our social behavior by
practicing racial equality ourselves, at the
pseudo-democracy one section-'of our country
Someday; the momentum of our drive will
bring the South around to realizing that the jig
is up, but that day will only come when our de-
termination to spread democratic practices to
every corner in this country and to every sphere
of our activities overwhelms the stubborn resist-
ance of our Southern population. Long ago we
beat the South militarily, let it not be long till
we bring them to realize just why the Civil War
was fought.g-Arthur Kraft
Russian Advertising. ...
ANTI-RUSSIANS in this country had been
making two predictions freely and simul-
taneously. Russia would stop fighting, they
said, when she got to her old frontiers.
Alternatively, they forecast that she will ov-
errun all western Europe, bolshevizing as she
irP _ThP firt ni'ediMtin w~a provd fase
WASHINGTON, April 19.-Neither Farley's
friends nor Farley's foes are advertising it, but
the recent compromise whereby he was allowed
to remain Democratic State Chairman of New
York means that, after Chicago, genial Jim, who
has used more green ink, chewed more gum, re-
membered more names and slapped more backs
than any politician in a decade, probably will
step down from his long and successful role in
The tacit agreement is that Jim will step
down if the President runs for a fourth term.
If he doesn't run, obviously Jim won't step
down. This was the deal by which party
harmony was preserved and Farley continued
as Democratic State Chairman.
Behind this quiet understanding is the fact
that Democratic leaders in New York had enough
NORMAN DAMON HUMPHREY, sociologist
par excellence, detached himself from his
professional activities in Detroit long enough to
address the Inter-Racial Association Tuesday
night. Many people left that gathering with the
conviction that universities could profit not a
little from the addition of more men like Dr.
Humphrey to their faculties.
He delivered no uninspired discourse based
on musty academic data, though these, too,
were Oat his command. He chose instead to
deal in a forthright manner with the explosive
question of race. He first broke the matter
down to its biological components, proceeded
to explain the lunatic ill-will against Negroes
as largely a matter of social definition, and
castigated home-grown fascists who fatten
themselves on the irrational antipathy they
unloose against non-whites, whether these be
Negroid, Mongoloid or mixtures.
"Their previous condition of servitude does not
sufficiently explain the continued debasement of
the American Negro," said Dr. Humphrey. He
pointed to Brazil where the dark slaves were
freed later than in the United States, but where
today there is no equivalent of our Jim Crowism.
The matter is more definitely explainable, ac-
cording to this analysis, in terms of caste, of
status acquired at birth and retained for life.
Chunks of our society may be divided in that
way-with skin color the determining factor.
A number of remedial steps can be taken. If
they are not taken, if we do not make adjust-
ments in the direction of furthering the democ-
racy we have not yet got, the alternative is
fascism. Without prescribing a weak legislative
aspirin for our social ills, Dr. Humphrey did insist
that bills like a Fair Employment Practice Act
should be written into law.
E DID NOT mention it, but this was an ex-
cellent retort to another erstwhile Michigan-
del, Tom Dewey, who has looked with disfavor
upon certain proposals of a racial commission
he created and then dropped. This group sug-
gested-making discrimination illegal by statute.
One could also add that Russia has stamped out
mistreatment of minorities through the legal
process of considering discrimination as a cap-
We could well imitate Russia in this regard.
Then, concerted efforts might be made to clear
out the masses of misinformation on races
that clutter up the minds of a good manyaoth -
erwise decent people. It can hardly be repeated
too often that racial theories, other than clas-
sifications arbitrarily arrived at by taxono-
mists, are unadulterated hokum.
Dr. Humphrey asserted that had FDR taken
a stand somewhere along the line, the Red Cross
segregation of Negro blood would have been
discontinued. He enthusiastically favored ad-
niission of Negroes in heretofore all-white Army
units. He encouraged dissemination of facts
frome those who know to those who do not know
-even in family circles-so that the stereotype,
or infantile misconception of members contained
in an ethnic group, could be done away with.
He favored active participation in Inter-Racial
assemblages, denying that this would lead
straight to inter-marriage, a development he did
not, however, necessarily oppose.
A dynamic society and caste system being
incompatible, to paraphrase the late Professor
Cooley, whom Dr. Humphrey referred to as
"the sage of Haven Hall," the more we move
towards real democracy, the closer we come to
the elimination of this problem.
But there is the difficulty: I felt as Dr. Hum-
phrey does long before hearing his well-chosen
words. So, I will wager did most of the collegi-
ates who nodded their approval at what was be-
ing said. We who believe in social justice go to
lectures to hear confirmation of our beliefs-
while the Sheilas who find comfort even in the
columns of The Michigan Daily-and the joy
boys who have all the social consciousness of a
ground hog-each day don their scholastic wings,
put blinkers on their eyes, and fly off into a
gauzy world of unreality.
votes to roll Jim at last week's meeting of the
State committee. Jim was actually on the verge
of being ousted. And they would have rolled
him if the New Dealers hadn't stepped in and
saved their old critic.
How it all happened was partly fluke, partly
resentment against Farley by old-line leaders.
Here is the inside story.
It began, strangely enough, at a correspond-
ents' party in Albany, where John Mooney, a
local newspaper man, went up to talk to Far-
ley. Jim, in a huddle with someone else, ig-
nored him. Mooney got sore.
Next morning, he decided Jim didn't mean
anything, and he would forget it. But then
came one of those famous green-ink letters from
Jim, telling how sorry he was he hadn't had a
chance to talk to Mooney. That meant Jim
really did mean it, said Mooney, and he got sore
all over again.
About that time, Mooney had a talk with Dan
O'Connell, Albany Democratic leader, also sore
at Farley; and together they hatched rebellion.
Their candidate for State Chairman was Tom
Cullen, editoraof thebSpectator at Goshen, N.Y.
Suddenly, almost before they knew it, a full-
fledged swing against Farley had started
among county leaders. Opposition newspapers
atrributed it to the White House palace guard,
but real fact is that the latter were just as
mystified as Farley.
Basic reason for the revolt was the feeling
among county leaders that Jim was putting per-
sonal peeve ahead of the party. Worried, Jim
sent his close friend Bill Morgan out to look over
the State. Prospects continued bad.
Meanwhile, word came that the White House
didn't want an internal New York fight. Word
was passed back that Jim had .no desire to hurt
the President. Young Democrat Harold Mosko-
vit then persuaded Tom Cullen to step out as
Farley's rival. Thus peace prevailed, instead of
one of the hottest cat-and-dog fights in the
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Syndicate)
c,,ele~ t te &aiiop
Feldman Answered.. ..
It is important that Robert Feldman's letter
to the editor be answered not only because he
has reached fallacious conclusions but because
he has misconstrued and misrepresented almost
every point made by Maurice Samuel. It is im-
possible to answer here all of Feldman's errors
of fact and judgment, but at least a few of his
misconceptions may be corrected in this letter.
Feldman attributes to Mr. Samuel the idea
that "The Jew . . in order to show the world
his essential worth should be concerted in his
action to develop Palestine as a model of Dem-
ocratic perfection and then hope that the
world would recognize him again and stop per-
Mr. Samuel neither said nor implied this; he
did say that the principal contribution of the
Jewish people as a group to the culture of the
world must be made through the development
of a democratic nation in Palestine. But neith-
er Mr. Samuel nor any other Zionist is so naive
as to believe that this will end anti-Semitism
except insofar as it will strengthen world democ-
In making this point Mr. Samuel did exactly
what Feldman accuses him of not doing-he
put Zionism in its proper context as a part
of the world struggle between democratic and
Feldman's analysis of anti-Semitism as a re-
sult of "hunger, deprivations and other frustra-
tions" is admittedly partially correct, though
characteristically oversimplified. His unique
creaking -and-groaning-of-a-decaying-system in-
terpretation is arguable, and seems to indicate
ignorance of the constant recurrance of anti-
Semitism even in periods of comparative econ-
omic and political stability. The more difficult
question to which Zionists are seeking the an-
swer is why these aggressions react with especial
and constant ferocity upon the Jews. And while
it is cheap to speculate about the comparative
sufferings of Jews and Negroes, the fact remains
that two or three million Jews have been killed
in the past five years. Can Feldman point to a
persecuted minority that has "taken more a
A second point made by Mr. Samuel was that
the Jewish group, because it is the source and
carrier of a tradition of moral values which are
essentially democratic, is of necessity the focal
point of anti-democratic attacks. Feldman
counters with the profound observation that the
German Storm-trooper does not reason thus.
Whether the storm-trooper reasons at all is
What Mr. Samuel was emphasizing was that
fascist movements are necessarily and logically
anti-Semitic, that anti-Semitism is part of a
larger movement opposed to democracy. and
to the entire ethical, moral and religious Ju-
deo-Christian tradition. Nietzsche and Hitler
(Continued from Page 3)
and for their parents. To permit at-
tendance at the Convocation, classes
with the exception of clinics, will be
dismissed at 10:45 a.m. Doors of the
Auditorium will be open at 10:30 a.m.
The public is invited.
School of Education Convocation:
The ninth annual Convocation of
undergraduate and graduate students
who are candidates for the Teacher's
Certificate during the academic year
will be held -in Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre on Thursday, April 20, at
4:15 p.m. This Convocation is spon-
sored by the School of Education;
and members of other faculties, stu-
dents, and the general public are
cordially invited. President Ruthven
will preside at the Convocation and:
Boyd H. Bode, Professor of Educa-
tion at The Ohio State University.
will give the address.
Choral Union Ushers: Please sign!
up at Hill Auditorium Box Office
Wednesday, Thursday or Friday,
April 19, 20 or 21, from 4:30 to 5:30
p.m. If you ushered for the winter
concerts, you will need a new card
for the May Festival.
Men Students Graduating in June:
It has been brought to our attention
that students graduating in June
may still secure commissions in the
All those interested should go im-
mediately to the Director of Naval
Officer Procurement in the Book
Building, Detroit, for application
blanks and other information. Those
who get their applications in a suffi-
cient time before induction may be
transferred to Midshipman Schools
when their applications are finally
approved. However, it is imperative
that the applications be what the
Navy terms "matured" by the tie
the student is inducted. As this takes
from three to six weeks, any students
interested should get things started
Dr. Robert C. Wallace, Principal
and Vice-Chancellor of Queens Uni-
versity, Kingston, Ont., will speak on
"Mineral Resources of Canada," to-
night at 8 p.m., in Rm. 4054, Natural
Science Building. Refreshments will
be served after the lecture. All inter-
ested are invited.
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for removal of IN-
COMPLETES will be Saturday, April
29. Petitions for extension of time
must be on file in the Secretary's
Office on or before Wednesday, April
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for DROPPING COUR-
SES WITHOUT RECORD will be
Saturday, April 29. A course may be
were anti-Semites because the
Jews are the physical embodiment
of this tradition.
But the most damaging fallacy in
Feldman's letter is the assumption
that the over-all revolution, "the
abolishing of our senile and decrepit
institutions" which he considers ba-
sic in combatting persecution of min-
orities is opposed to Zionism. To
consider the two movements mutual-
ly exclusive is to reveal a lack of real
understanding of both. Zionism can
not and does not exist in a vacuum
but in a world of conflict between
progressive and reactionary forces,
and it takes an unqualified stand on
the side of liberalism in its broadest
sense. On the other hand, progres-
sivism, whether in Russia or else-
where, is not and never has been op-
posed to the political concepts which
are basic to Zionism.
Palestine has contributed to the
cause of'world liberalism by creating
the largest proportion of voluntary
cooperatives in the world, by being
the stronghold of democracy in the'
Near East, and by providing a haven
for the tortured Jews of Central Eur-
ope who incidentally wait for a world
revolution. It is this relationship'
between Zionism and democracy, be-
tween Palestine and the democratic
world, which Mr. Samuel so lucidly
pointed out and which Feldman seems
Henry Popkin, Grad.
Netta Siegel, '44
To the editor:
It was with interest,abut also with
a sense of dismay, that I read Bill
Mullendore's editorial entitled "Best
Policy." He apparently believes that
economic policy alone should be in-
troduced to weaken one of the pillars
of strength for which we are fighting
GRIN AND BEAR IT
"Im warning you guys! I ain't never read any books on Modern
Methods of Child Training!"
dropped only with the permission of
the classifier after conference with
Students who have taken Econom-
ics 72: Will those interested in inter-
viewing representatives of publicac-
counting firms with the view of
obtaining permanent employment in
this field leave their names with Mr.
Wixon in Rm. 9, Economics Building.
Attention Former Students of Ge-
ology 12: If you have copies of
Hussey's Syllabus, "Geological His-
tory of North America," we shall
appreciate your turning them in,
either for sale or rent, to Rm. 2051,
Natural Science Bldg., as soon as
possible. These outlines are out of
print, our enrollment this term is.
large, and the need for them is acute.,
E. -Delabar, Secy., Ext. 617.
Speeded Reading Course: To those
who have signed for the short course
in speeded reading: The course will
meet on Tuesday and Thursday, 5,
Rm. 4009, University High School
Building. The first meeting will be
held today at 5 oclock. If you intend
to take the course be present at this
Organ Recital: Frieda Op't Holt
Vogan, Instructor in Theory and
Organ in the School of Music, will
appear in recital in Hill Auditorium
on Sunday afternoon, April 23, at
4:15. Her program will include works
of the classic period, and the modern
symphony for organ by Sowerby.
The public is cordially invited.
Victory Musicale, Sponsored by
Sigma Alpha Iota and Mu Phi Epsi-
lon, and directed by Rose Marie
Grentzer, will be presented at 8:30
p.m., Friday, April 21, in Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre. Admission by pur-
chase of United States war bond or
stamps at the door.
Exhibit: Original plans and per-
spectives for the proposed civic cen-
today. I am in no position to chal-
lenge or support his statements on
economy in the post-war world, but
every one of his readers should chal-
lenge his general thesis. '
He advocates that the Republi-
can party should not place a can-
didate in the coming electoral field.
There is no constitutional or legis-
lative clause thatrequires a com-
petitive election, but the right to
choose between candidates for of-
fice is as fundamental as any writ-
ten clause in democratic political
principles. The whole theory of
representative government is based
on the peoples' right to participate
The consequences of doing away
with a competitive election, even for
one exception, are obvious. We base
our post-war reconstruction on free-
dom of choice of selective govern-
ment for the liberated nations. Let
these nations see the right to choose
between candidates disappear in the
United States, regardless of the im-
plications we accept, and the whole
confidence being so carefully nur-
tured in the United Nations would
And does he for one moment be-
lieve that the American people
would be desirous of an election
such as he advocates? Perhaps a
Republican would weaken the
country; perhaps Mr. Roosevelt is
the only man in a position to,
occupy the presidency for four
more years. But for the Republi-
cans to support Mr. Roosevelt
would end Republican party power,
1 ter of Madison, Wisconsin, designed
by the architect, Frank Lloyd Wright.
Ground floor corridor, Architecture
Building. On exhibit until May 1.
Tea at International Center is
served each week on Thursday from
4 to 5:30 p.m. for foreign students,
faculty, townspeople, and American
student friends of foreign students.
Interfraternity Council: House
President's meeting tonight at 7:30 in
the I.F.C. office.
Inter-Racial Association: There
will be an important meeting at 7:30
p.m., Rm. 316, at the Union. At this
time, representatives will be elected
to go to Washington this week-end
for the purpose of interviewing Con-
gressmen and urging them to support
the Anti-Poll Tax Bill.
Co-ops Hold Personnel Tea: There
will be a personnel tea at Stevens
Cooperative, 816 Forest, this after-
noon from 4' to 5:30, for all girls
interested in coming into co-ops for
the summer or fall semesters.
The Regular Thursday Evening
Record Concert held in the :Men's
Lounge at 7:45 at the Rackham
Graduate School will consist of
Franck's Sonata for Violin and Piano
and the Symphony in D Minor, the
Brandenburg Concertos by Bach and
De Falla's Nights in the Gardens of
Spain. All Graduate Students and
Servicemen are welcome.
Le Cerele Francais, will hold an
informal meeting in Rm. 304 of the
Union at 8 o'clock. Foreign students
interested in speaking French are
especially invited to attend.
The Hillel Surgical Dressings Unit
will be open from 1 to 5 p.m. today,
April 20, at the Hillel Foundation.
Please wear a washable blouse or
The A.I.E.E. will meet this evening
at 7:30 in Rm. 246 West Engineering
Building. Mr. J. F. Cline will give a
lecture on "Television" which will be
illustrated with slides. Refreshments
will be served and all electrical engi-
neers are urged to attend this meet-
Post-War Council: There will be a
business meeting tomorrow in the
Union at five o'clock. All committee
chairmen and members should at-
tend. All those interested in the
council are also invited.
Dance Symposium: Friday, April
21, 4-5:15, Dance Studio, Barbour
Gymnasium. This program is de-
signed to illustrate the way in which
individuals use creative dance from
elementary age to professional dan-
cer. The University Elementary
School, Ann Arbor High School, Uni-
versity of Michigan Dance Group
show how dance is used in education.
Louise Lippold and Ann Halprin
demonstrate dance on the profes-
sional level. The solo numbers are
as follows: Fanfare; Lost Moment
(Sarabande); Two Primitive Dances:
Rite, Wall; The Lonely Ones (from
William Steig's book of cartoons) "I
Mind My Own Business," "Forgive
Me-I'm Only Human," "Very Few
Understand My Works." (Open to the
Dancing Lessons: There will be a
Dancing Class held at the USO Club
Friday evening, April 21, at 7 p.m.
under the direction of Lt. Flegal.
Friday Night Dance: The USO Fri-
day Night Dance will be held as usual
By Crockett Johnson
Copyrght1944F f. i *
And another voitve of them
Is it true what I hoid, O'Malley? , Yes... So they can be blown up
' A very raiseworthy idear! 1JOHNStO