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April 19, 1944 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-04-19

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VVIENESDAY, rat i 19,1i944

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yIfty=FPourth Year

IRather Be RiJght


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Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
licaton of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
National Advertising Service, til.
College Publishers Representative
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943.44
Editorial Staff
Jane Farrant . . . . Managing Editor
Claire Sherman . . . . Editorial Director
Stan Wallace . . . . . . . City Editor
Evelyn Phillips . . . . Associate Editor
Harvey Frank . . . . . Sports Editor
Bud Low . . . . . Associate Sports Editor
Jo Ann Peterson . . Associate Sports Editor
Mary Anne Olson . . . Women's Editor
Marjorie Rosmarin . . Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Elizabeth A. Carpenter . . . . Business Manager
Margery Batt . . . Associate Business Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
Editorials pgblished in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Return to Normaley'
Promised by Republicans
EVERYONE who wishes to get on the band-
wagon back to the "good old days" has been
assured by National Chairman Harrison E.
Spangler that a Republican victory in the No-
vember elections will lead directly to a heaven
thickly populated with rugged individualists.
At a press conference this week Spangler
stated his paty's philosophy as being "to re-
build America, unshackle business and private
enterprise, take the country out of a strait-
jacket and make the government quit kicking
the people around." Simultaneously he an-
nounced that the Republicans' chances in the
coming election are the best in a decade.
His confidence can hardly be based on the
program and personality of some one heroic
leader of the GOP, as even most Republicans
admit that they have no candidate capable of
developing into a superior statesman. Spangler's
assertion, then, must have been made in the
belief that the American people support the Re-
publican philosophy. For that reason it is worth-
while to examine his presentation of the GOP
principles and see what future they promise us.
First comes the desire to rebuild America.
No one would quarrel with that, but it is not
peculiarly an aim of the Republicans, for every
party must first be concerned with the re-
building of its country, if such rebuilding is
necessary. The only difficulty here is that
improving would be a better word than re-
American cities have not been destroyed by
bombs: they do not require physical reconstruc-
tion. American social and political institutions,
on the other hand, have suffered losses during
the emergency period and will need strengthen-
ing. If we are to believe the rest of the Repub-
lican philosophy it promises strengthening of the
interests only of a small and limited class, not
of the interests of the mass of Americans.
AN EXAMPLE of GOP rebuilding is contained
in the second point, that of "unshackling bus-
iness and private enterprise." Here the philoso-

phy sounds typical of the status-quo, return-to-
normalcy thing usually associated with the Re-
publicans. By this statement we may take it
that they mean Big Business, which fondly sup-
ports the GOP, will be allowed a free reign and
cartels will be the controlling factor in inter-
national trade and politics.
The country is to be taken out of a strait-
jacket, according to the third point. In ap-
plication this would bring an end to the great
reform movement of the 1930's which tried to
protect the individual. Labor would lose its
hard-won gains, tenant farmers would be left
-t the mercy of the Farm Bloc interests, and
the trend toward more equitable distribution
of goods would be halted.
Finally, Spangler and his followers want "to
makedthe government quit kicking the people
around," which is nonsense. Those people who
felt most abused by the New Deal regime were
Qi.. my nf. flipEnn ofoi n nnmi

NEW YORK, April 18.--Lillian Hellman's
"The Searching Wind" has opened in New York.
It is a play about how hard it is to make up
one's mind. In one scene, the characters huddle
in a hotel room in Rome, in 1922, when King
Victor Emmanuel gives the keys of the city to
a man named Mussolini. Miss Hellman's people
are never in doubt as to what all this means.
Their sensibilities are of the most exquisite;
they know what everything means. But they do
Their reasons for doing nothing are always
plausible. One of the characters is an American
diplomat, and he knows (he really knows, you
see; and I mean he really does) that it is not
up to us to organize Italy's internal life. Every-
body has the most splendid ten-minute reasons
for letting twenty years go to hell.
The diplomat spends the next two decades
trying to decide between good and evil in poli-
tics, between two women in his personal life,
between international morality and letting his
son in for a war; he spends two decades, as I
say, with his head bobbing from side to side
and back again, his eyes ever swinging. It is
a shocking picture, because so many of us have
spent exactly the same number of years with
our heads rotating on the same kind of swivel-
joints, always choosing, among possibilities, and
yet never really choosing.
The stupefying thing about Miss Hellman's
play is that her people are not "reactionaries"
whom she has placed upon the stage so that
she might scourge them with little whips.
Miss Helman does not go in for that coarse
trick of taking sides against a character, so that
a play becomes as dishonest as a fixed wrest-
ling match. She has, within the limits of her
abilities, which are not so very limited at that,
ventured out into that broad Shakespearian
daylight in which the case for each man and
woman is stated fully, eloquently and fairly. She
does not set out to win a pipsqueak victory
against a straw man, which is what usually
passes for social theatre, most of whose authors
shamelessly stack the deck so that they can
deal themselves a royal flush just before the
curtain. Nor is Miss Hellman merely having her-
self a happy evening, scratching out the eyes
of people whose names are in her little black
The monstrous thing she is saying is that
our best was not good enough, these last
twenty years; that if the cast and the audi-
ence were to change places, the play would
be the same.
This play has been criticized for a certain lack
of form, but then, our lives haven't had much
form these last twenty years; nobody has come
along at the eleventh hour to pay off the mort-
gage and save us; we are saving ourselves, with
our own lives and pennies. And, in a certain
sense, form is fraud, and part of the drama of
the evening stems from the depth of feeling
which has led Miss Hellman to cry out thus for
people whom she loves, and in telling whose
stories she had disdained to use the stolen bonds
Everyone Should Sign
Anti-Poll Tax Petition
ONCE AGAIN the Anti-Poll Tax Bill, which
has been hanging fire in the Senate or its
Judiciary Committee for almost a year, is due to
come up on the Senate floor.
Friends of the bill, which passed the House
265-110 on May 25, 1943, have been fighting
against the bloc of reactionary poll-tax Sena-
tors to bring the measure out on the floor since
that date. An arrangement was made just be-
fore the vacation recess of Congress with Sen-
ate leaders to have the bill on the floor shortly
after Easter. Today, the Southern bloc is
again exerting pressure and using its most
potent weapon, threat of filibuster, to prevent
it from coining up.
The poll tax in eight southern states meant in
1942 that an average of only three per cent of
the population voted as against 25*per cent in
non-poll-tax state. In terms of potential voters
this means that only 22 per cent voted in poll-
tax states, while 71 per cent voted in the others.
In other words, more votes were cast for the two

Representatives from Rhode Island, the smallest
state in the Union, than for 37 Representatives
from the entire states of South Carolina, Georg-
ia, Alabama and Mississippi, plus five districts
in Virginia. The two districts compare in total
population, respectively, 713,000 to 11,500,000.
Despite widespread support for the Anti-Poll
.Tax Bill, the powerful bloc of Senate poll-taxers
lead by Senator Bilbo have prevented its pas-
sage through threat of filibuster. A two-thirds
vote for cloture which will limit debate is there-
fore essential to the passage of the bill.
Today members of Michigan Youth for Dem-
ocratic Action and Inter-Racial Association
will collect signatures on petitions calling for
the passage of, the Anti-Poll Tax Bill through
the use of cloture at a table in front of the
library. Every student who believes that the
limitations on democracy which the existence
of the poll tax brings about are bad must
make it his business to sign a petition.
--Kathie Sharfman

and blackmail which she can ordinarily use so
well, in fact none better.
I So we have been choosing, for twenty years,
endlessly choosing the lesser of evils, and Miss
Hellman's fine play shows that we have no
really been choosing at all, for to choose the
lesser evil is simultaneously to accept the
greater. We chose between Hitler and war,
and got both Hitler and war. But we might
have rejected bad choices and made good ones
for ourselves. And, suddenly, there is deso-
lation and terror in the theatre; and the sense
that both audience and actors are on the same
raft, drifting on the same waters.
It must hurt Miss Hellman to write so about
people whom she obviously loves; choosing,
choosing, and then suddenly, space crowds in,
and there is not even choosing left. Nothing re-
mains but to plead one's good character, and to
prove, with ancient clipping and yellowing let-
ter, that og has always wanted only the best,
only the very best.
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
e,&IICJ to the Citor
Jewish Problem ...
To the Editor:
Realizing that it is unfair to expect a column
to be the carrier of a rebuttal to a kind of per-
sonal argument, I am nevertheless writing an
answer to sundry accusations, half truths, and
twistings of logic that were enjoyed by so many
people Sunday afternoon when they went to
hear Maurice Samuel talk of the Jewish prob-
lem. I attempted to answer him at that time
but unfortunately time did not permit getting
around to my question.
Mr. Samuel, in the main, developed the thesis
that the Jew was terrorized and is being terror-
ized today because he is the embodiment of the
great Democratic foi'ces that gave us the Old
and the New Testament, which in turn gave rise
to the concept of Democracy as we now try to
think of it. He maintained that those reaction-
ary forces that are trying to reduce the world
to slavery have recognized this fact, and there-
fore to further their plan they realize that the
Jew and what he stands for (sic) must go.
The Jew, on the other hand, in order to show
the world his essential worth should be con-
certed in his action to develop Palestine as a
model of Democratic perfection, and then hope
that the world would recognize him again and
stop persecuting him. Everyone in the audi-
ence seemed lulled to sleep, blissful sleep, by
this noble proposition, and what a great op-
portunity he had to show the world his historic
mission, and everyone left feeling that the
Jewish question was solved even in so far as
what to do with the Jewish opposition.
First of all, even though the Jew may be
credited for the Old and New Testament it does
not follow that herein resides the cause of his
persecution. It takes a pretty sophisticated per-
son to figure that one out, and I doubt whether
the persons who killed Jews for causing the
Black Plague during the Dark Ages, or the Ger-
man Storm-Trooper, or the hoodlum' that scrib-
bles a swastika on a Synagogue in New York
has ever heard of this notion second hand. One
need not be so astute to excus his punching a
Jew in the nose. As a matter of fact, the more
dull he is, the more he is willing.
BELIEVE that the question could be treated
more basically. I think it would be valid and
more fruitful in the long run to regard this
phenomenon in the light of our world problem.
Anti-Semitism is merely a creaking or a groan-
ing as the peoples of the earth crush old insti-
tutions and suffer the pains of bringing new ones
into being as our social system becomes outmoded
by our incessantly changing technology.
To think that the attack on the Jew is a
problem that could be solved by Jews by gently
informing the Non-Jew of his essential worth is
as misleading as the attempts of murderees to
inform murderers of the wickedness of homocide,
and to do so is to yield a worm's eye view to the
problem. How the Jew became the victim is
probably hard to tell. Originally, it might have
been as Mr. Samuel contends, but now it seems
that that is irrelevant, or only relevant in so far

as from that original attack it was learned that
the Jew was weak, a soft touch.
The important thing to deal with now, as it
always was, is the fact that peoples are at-
tacking other peoples. The Negro in his short
experience in civil society has probably taken,
and is now taking, more of a beating, compara-
tively, than the Jew. The fact that some peo-
ple are aggressive and cruel is probably more
arresting than the fate of the comparative few
that have fallen as a result of it. It might be
wise to search for the source of this aggres-
sion and cruelty.
I will even hazard a clue to its whereabouts-
in the combined hunger, deprivation, hopeless-
ness, and other assorted frustrations of which
the world is full. These things are the necessary
resultants of the forces of our institutions which
are at work within the framework of our econ-
omic structure.
Mr. Samuel contends that the Jew who worries
more about the millions of Chinese probably is

VOL. LIV No. 123
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Honors Convocation: The 21st An-
nual Honors Convocation on Friday,
April 21, at 11:00 a.m., in Hill Audi-
torium, will be addressed by Viscount
Halifax, British Ambassador to the
United States. There will be no aca-
demic procession. Faculty members
will assemble in the dressing rooms
in the rear of the Auditorium and
proceed to seats on the stage. Aca-
demic costume will be worn. Re-
served seats on the main floor will
be provided for students receiving
honors for academic achievement,
and for their parents. To permit at-
tendance at the Convocation, classes
with the exception of clinics, will be
dismissed at 10:45 a.m. Doors ofthe
Auditorium will be open at 10:30 a.m.
The public is invited.
School of Education Convocation:
The ninth, annual Convocation of
undergraduate and graduate students
who are candidates for the Teacher's
Certificate during the academic year
will be held in Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre on Thursday, April 20, at
4:15 p.m. This Convocation is spon-
sored by the School of Education;
and members of other faculties, stu-


By Lichty

- Y
"I tell ya, Mac, if they draft 4-F's, it's the end of baseball!"

; ;


Simmons' subject will be "Preventive
Medicine in Military Practice."
General Simmons' duties embrace
the preventive medicine and public
health problems of our Army in all
parts of the world. Interested guests
are invited.

dents, and the general public are
cordially invited. President Ruthven AN
will preside at the Convocation and Academic Notces
Boyd H., Bode, Professor of Educa- Freshmen, College of Literature,
tion at The Ohio State University, Science and the Arts: Freshmen may
will give the address. not drop courses without "E" grade
after Saturday, April 29. Only stu-
Choral Union Ushers: Please sign dents with less than 24 hours' credit
up at Hill Auditorium Box Office are affected by this regulation. They
Wednesday, Thursday or Friday, must be recommended by their Aca-
April 19, 20 or 21, from 4:30 to 5:30 demic Counselor for this extraordi-
p.m. If you ushered for the winter nary privilege.
concerts, you will need a new card
for the May Festival. Students who have jaken Econom-{

Medical Aptitude Test: The Medi-
cal Aptitude Test of the Association
of American Colleges, a normal re-
quirement for admission to practi-
cally all medical schools, will be
given on Friday, April 28, throughout
the United States. The test, which
will require about two hours, will be
given in Ann Arbor in the Rackham
Amphitheatre from 3 to 5 p.m.
Any student planning to enter a
medical school and who has not pre-
viously taken the Aptitude Test
should do so at this time. You are
requested to be in your seats prompt-
ly and to bring with you two well-
sharpened pencils.
The fee of $1.00 is payable at
the Cashier's Office from April 17
through April 26.
General James S. Simmons, Chief
of the Department of Preventable
Diseases, Office of the Surgeon Gen-
eral, United States Army, will ad-
dress an assembly of public health
and medical students in the audi-
torium of the School of Public
Health at 11 a.m. today. General
not worrying about the Chinese ei-
ther, but by saying that he does, he
excuses his indifference to Jewish
suffering. It is also contended that
the Jews who do not support Zion-
ism, or who are indifferent to the so-
called Jewish Problem, are them-
selves anti-Semitic. This view is un-
just. It might be said that the Jews
who took part in the Russian Revo-
lution (regarded in its broadest sense)
did more to alleviate the suffering of
the Jew than the entire history of the
Zionist movement, yet we do not
consider that the Russian problem
was a Jewish problem for the Jews
involved. A
Russia was violently anti-Semitic
before the revolution but the reso-
lution of the basic conflict seemed
to have solved the difficulty. I am
not thereby arguing for revolution
in the generic sense, but I am argu-
ing for it in the strict sense, viz.,
the abolishing of our senile and de-
crepit institutions, and the forma-
tion of new ones more in keeping
with our present technological
trends. This view seems to be more
in keeping with determinist phil-
osophy as well.
Mr. Samuel's thesis seems to be the
thing made to order for bigger and
better Fireside Chats and Hillel Mix-
ers. This is all right as far as it
goes, but to contend that these things
will solve the Jewish Problem which
is a small inseparable fragment of
the world problem, is an innocent
form of wishful thinking at best, and
it is chauvinism and an expression of
futility at worst.
Robert S. Feldman, Grad.

ics 72: Will those interested in inter-I
viewing representatives of public ac-
counting firms with the view of
obtaining permanent employment in
this field leave their names with Mr.
Wixon in Rm. 9, Economics Building.
Seniors: College of L.S. & A"and
Schools of Education, Music and
Public Health: Tentative lists of sen-
iors for June graduation have been
posted on the bulletin board in Rm.
4 University Hall. If your name is
misspelled or the degree expected in-
correct, please notify the Counter
Speeded Reading Course: To those
who have signed for the short course
in speeded reading: The course will
meet on Tuesday and Thursday, 5,
Rm. 4009, University High School
Building. The first meeting will be
held Thursday, April 20, 5 o'clock. If
you intend to take tile course be
present at this meeting.
Organ Recital: Yrieda Op't Holt
Vogan, Instructor in Theory and
Organ in the School of Music, will
appear in recital in Hill Auditorium
on Sunday afternoon, April 23, at
4:15. Her program will include works
of the classic period, and the modern
symphony for organ by Sowerby.
The public is cordially invited.
Events Today
Inter-Guild luncheon will be in the
Fireside Room at Lane Hall at 12:10
today. Rev. R. M. Muir will speak on
the "Polity of the Episcopal Church."
Botanical Seminar: Volney H.
Jones will speak on "Experiments
with Cryptostegia Rubber in Haiti"
at 4 p.m. today in Rm. 1139, Natural
Science. Anyone interested may at-

three act modern. comedy by G. Mar-
tines Sierra, at the Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theatre tonight at 8:30. All
seats are reserved. Phone 6300 for
reservations. Box office opens Mon-
day, April 17 at 2 p.m. The lecture
tickets of "La Sociedad Hispanica"
are good for 25 cents toward pur-
chasing a play ticket.
Coming Events
The Regular Thursday Evening
Record Concert held in the Men's
7..ounge at 7:45 p.m. on April 20 at
the Rackham Graduate School will
consist of Franck's Sonata for Violin
and Piano and the Symphony in D
Minor, the Brandenburg Concertos by
Bach and De Falla's Nights in the
Gardens of Spain. All Graduate Stu-
dents and Servicemen are welcome.
The A.I.E.E. will meet Thursday
evening, April 20, at 7:30 in Rm. 246
West Engineering Building. Mr. J. F.
Cline will give a lecture on "Tele-
vision" which will be illustrated with
slides. Refreshments will be served
and all electrical engineers are urged
to attend this meeting.
Tea at International Center is
served each week on Thursday from
4 to 5:30 p.m. for foreign students,
faculty, townspeople, and American
student friends of foreign students.
Victory Musicale, sponsored by
Sigma Alpha Iota and Mu Phi Epsi-
lon, will be presented at 8:30 p.m.,
Friday, April 21, in Lydia Mendel-
ssohn Theatre. The program will
include compositions by Jeannette
Haien, Philip James, Robert Dela-
ney, Aaron Copland, Dorothy James
and Carl Eppert. The general public
will be admitted upon the purchase
of U.S. war bond or stamps at the
High School Championship De-
bate: The 27th Annual Championship
Debate of the Michigan High School
Forensic Association will be held Fri-
day evening; April 21, at 8 p.m. in the
Lecture Hall of the Rackham Build-
ing. The question for debate is Re-
solved: That the United States
Should Join in Reconstituting the
League of Nations. Kalamazoo West-
ern State High School will have the
affirmative side of the question and
Hazel Park High School will have the
negative. Dr. C. A. Fisher, Director of
the University Extension Service, will
be Chairman of the evening. Judges
for the debate will be Professors G. E.
Densmore and Carl G. Brandt of the
University of Michigan, and Df.
Franklin H. Knower of the Univer-
sity of Iowa.
The public is cordially invited.

International Center: The Folk Phi Beta Kappa: The Annual Ini-
Dancing Club of the International tiation of the Alpha Chapter of Mich-
Center will meet tonight at 7:30 p.m. igan will be held in the Rackham
in Rm. 305 Michigan Union. All for- Amphitheatre on Monday evening,
eign students and American friends April 24, at eight o'clock. Professor
are invited. i DeWitt H. Parker, Chairman of the
Philosophy Department, will give the
The Stump Speakers' Society of principal address. His subject is
Sigma Rho Tau will present an Ox- "Being Young in an Old World." An
ford Debate on "Air power nucleus informal reception and refreshments
for world police" tonight at 7:30 in will follow the meeting.
Rm. 318 of the Michigan Union. By All members of Phi Beta Kappa,
popular demand, this is the second whether members of this Chapter or
debate on this same subject. The not, are cordially invited to attend.
public is again cordially invited to Please note that this event will take
attend. the place of the usual Initiation Ban-
The Post-War Council will present
a panel on "Government in Busi- Dancing Lessons: There will be a
ness," at 7:30 in the League. The Dancing Class held at the USO Club
public is cordially invited. Friday evening, April 21, at 7 p.m.
under the direction of Lt. Flegal.
Research Club: The Annual Mem- Friday Night Dance: The USO Fri-
orial meeting will be held in the day Night Dance will be held as usual
Amphitheatre of the Rackham Build- dyNgt ac ilb eda sa
ing this evening at eight o'clock. at the Club beginning at 8 p.m.
Professor E. C. Case will present the
memorial on "Jean Baptiste Lam- Saturday Night Dance: Thy theme
arck" and Professor John W. Eaton of the Saturday Night Dance held at
on "Johann Gottfried von Herder." ,the USO Club April 22 will be "Circus
Night." There will be dancing from
Tau Beta Pi: The examination for 8 to midnight.
pledges will be held at 6 tonight.°--

Inflated rubber statues of me will Who gets1
be an enormous success, m'boy. As .

By Crockett Johnson

The dimes? They'll all go into the
coffers of the organizalion I shall


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