__ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __ _ __. . 2U4 C. _ L.J. -Jx.l J I%1 1.lI~ 4 4A
ur,' u . ; er, ; : , :
Pd RatlherB I h
- By SAIMUEL GRAF [ON J
AND BEAR IT
__ l s
" ae''""R ""fl*y " auer(I PU &AlA[ wr~ I--
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day, and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
Ihe Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter
Subscriptions during te regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member,, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
Jo Ann Peterson
Mary Anne Olson
E dtforn idi c f
* . . . Managing Editor
. . . . Editorial Director
. . . . City Editor
. .ssociate Editor
* . . .Sports Editor
. . Associate Sports Editor
. s. Associate Sports Editor
S . .Women's Editor
. . Associate Women's Editor
Elizabeth A. Carpenter . . . . Business Manager
Margery Batt . Associate Business Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: DORIS PETERSON
Editorials psublished in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
U.S. Disunity Can Again
Destroy World Peace
N ARNING the American people against let-
ting the controversies of an election year cre-
ate disunity and destroy their effectiveness in
world affairs, Secretary of State Cordell Hull in
his speech Sunday hit the focal point of a situa-
tion which may keep the United States from
any world organization which is set up after
As Secretary Hull said, we fell, into disunity
after World War I and became ineffective in
world affairs because of it. Should this happen
again, we will be fighting another war in 20
During the last world war Congress gave
President Wilson the power to call a confer-
ence to discuss the possibility of setting up a
League of Natiofis as soon as the war was
over. At that time the U.S. fully intended to
become a member of such a league.
However, because of petty disagreements in
the country, we did NOT join. The same thing
CAN happen again. We never can expect all the
the nations of the world to agree when the people
of one nation alone cannot get together.
For a while we believed that at last, no matter
what else we might adopt, that at least isolation-
ism was an outmoded theory. The recent Wis-
consin primary showed that this is not true.
Willkie, who has so clearly expressed his inter-
nationalistic views, was overwhelmingly de-
At the beginning of the war we realized that
the United States could not again retreat into
its shell after the war. Yet some people in
this country give indication that they will
soon forget the lesson that is now being
* learned with so much bloodshed.
America is committed to a policy of trying
to help build a better world when the present
conflict is over. Let us hope that dispute over
the issues in the coming political campaign does
not divide our nation so that we are unable to
take our rightful place in settling world affairs.
NEW YORK, April 10.-With Mr. Wilkie's
exit, a great change comes over the Republican
party. So long as he was a prospect, there was
hope that the Republican party might turn to-
ward a more cheerful and amiable conservatism
than it has practiced in the past; a conservatism
that smiles once in awhile, and does not go
around all the time with a look saying that
nobody else knows what it is to be a mother.
Now that Mr. Wilkie is out, the party may
fall entirely into the hands of the perpetual-
plot-spotters, the masters of the ear-splitting
In a way. Mr. Willkie was a great convenience
to what a sad dog of a Democrat I know calls
the Grumpy Old Party. If the Republicans
hadn't had a Willkie, it would, actually, have
been smart for them to invent one,
. Mr. Willkie made it impossible for critics to
make any kind of a flat statement about the
G.O.P. With a Mr. W., its titular head, rattling
around in the, Kremlin and in London, you
couldn't call the party provincial. With Mr. W.
turning up at some fairly intellectual gatherings
in New York, you couldn't say that the G.O.P.
was out of touch with the main currents of
modern thought. So long as Mr. Willkie was
around, no brusque comment could be made
about the Republican organization; every state-
ment had to be qualified, and hedged. Even Mr.
Harrison Spangler may soon have cause to
Have Not Been Crippled
THE CURRENT heavy bombings of Germany
by the RAF and the U.S. 8th and 15th Air
Forces, many of them unchallenged by the
fighter command of the German Luftwaffe, have
created a wave of optimism among the American
public. The general opinion of the man on the
street seems to be that German industry is vir-
tually destroyed and that the Nazi Air Force has
been decimated to the point where it can no
longer effectively challenge Allied bombing
We would like to believe that this is true.
Unfortunately, however, there is every reason
to believe that the American people are indul-
ging in wishful thinking, rather than analyz-
ing the situation in its proper light.
Undoubtedly, the heavy bombing of German
armament centers has crippled their capacity to
some extent. But German ingenuity must be
taken into consideration in estimating the dam-
age done. It would be foolish to assume that
German engineers have not moved a great part
of their more vital industry underground just as
the Bri.tish did during the blitz of 1941. That
this has been done is borne out by statements of
Allied generals on both the Italian and Russian
fronts that the flow of German equipment to
the front lines has not materially lessened.
Moreover, the rate of replacement in bombed-
out areas is remarkably high. RAF authorities
recently stated that a factory must be almost
completely destroyed at least once every three
months to keep it out of operation.
MUCH has also been made of the failure of
German fighters to seriously challenge even
the U.S. daylight attacks in recent weeks. This,
too, must be approached with caution. The
logical question is, where are the Nazi planes?
The most reasonable probability is that they are
on the ground, safely camouflaged from a^r
attack. Hitler is staking his fast glimmering
chance of victory on repelling the forthcoming
continental invasion with terrific Allied losses.
The Nazis feel that the American people will
not stand for such heavy casualties, especially
in defeat, and will be willing to make peace on
favorable terms with the Reich. If this is true,
it is logical to assume that Herr Goering is
mustering every bit of air strength available to
use against the invaders, even if it means
fewer American and British bombers destroyed
German industry is still second only to the
United States in productive capacity, and the
Luftwaffe is still one of the world's most effi-
cient fighting forces. We are winning the battles
against them, but final victory still hangs over
the horizon in the indefinite future.
-- Bill Mullendore
admit, I think,
a lot of class.
He also gave it the appearance of youth, be-
cause of the very fact that he started a whale
of an internal fight in its ranks. Those flushed
cheeks were quite becoming. So long as the
Republican party was trying to disgorge Mr.
Willkie, it wore an aspect of vitality, as if its
opinions were not completely cut-and-dried, as
if it were actually thinking, and suffering, and
trying to come to conclusions. That always
THE SAME internal war spawned the engaging
Stassen-Ball-Burton group of younger Re-
publicans and it was nice to have a lot of differ-
ert kinds of Republicans. The party was the
richer for it. But these younger limbs have also
been cut off in Wisconsin, along with Mr.
Willkie. Republican leaders may soon find they
have a new public-relations problem on their
hands, that their party has become a little
smaller, a little more special, a little more stan-
dardized, a little naked and quite a lot duller.
But actually, the party may have lost some-
thing in Wisconsin, whiel it would have been
statesmanship to try to retain. The party has
scissored off its connecting links with large
blocks of fresh-minded, independent voters.
It has become a somewhat more exclusive
organization than it was. It has cut some-
thing o0 of itself and thrown it away, the
subject of such an operation can only be
smaller when it is all over, not bigger.
These are some of the problems which are
going to face the Republican party, as soon as its
victory jubilation cools off enough for it to
realize that, after all, it did not defeat the Demo-
crats in Wisconsin: it only defeated a part of
Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
WASHINGTON, April 10.-Only a few on the
inside know it, but part of our political failure
in Italy, now contributing to the Italian stale-
mate, goes back to this government's failure to
work with Italio-Americans here at home.
Inside story of what happened goes back to
last summer, when several Italo-American lead-
ers, met with this columnist and with Sumner
Welles, then Undersecretary of State, regarding
propaganda plans to help take Italy out of the
war in a hurry.
This was at about the time Sicily was in-
vaded. These Italo-American leaders pro-
posed: (1)to broadcast messages to Italy urg-
ing their friends and relatives to help the Al-
lies; (2) to raise about $20,000,000 in the
United States from Italo-Americans to help
feed and clothe the Italian people, thus free-
ing the U.S. Government of a considerable
However, to raise money for a foreign country
in wartime requires State Department sanction,
and here the committee struck a snag. Charley
Taft, brother of the Senator and in charge of
such State Department matters, refused to ap-
prove the drive to raise $20,000,000 until certain
Italians were brought into the picture.
He wanted to include Hollywood actor Don
Ameche, child specialist Angelo Patri and or-
chestra leader Arturo Toscanini. However, Taft
also wanted to bar wealthy Generoso Pope from
serving on the committee, because Pope was once
decorated by Mussolini and was considered pro-
Finally, it leaked out that the real fight was
between the Sidney Hillman and David Dubin-
sky wings of the American Lallor party. Both
have a great many Italian workers in their two
Taft tried to be fair, but he was not firm. He
let the dispute drag on for months. Meanwhile.
the lift to morale inside Italy has been lost, the
Italian people have become apathetic, don't care
much whether they are under the Allies or the
(Copyright, 1944. United Features Syndicate)
that Mr. Willkie gave the party
sOCIA L-oo cgv
To the Editor:
Miss Groberg has made serious
errors for a woman defending wo-
men. She has attempted (1) to re-
duce Mr. Rosenberg himself to an
absurdity and 2) to confound the
issue which he judiciously raised in
thrusting Sheila into the glare of the
The intellectual integrity and
Thoreau-like didacticism of the gen-
tleman in question have rendered
her first attempt futile; you cannot
reduce Truth to an absurdity-not
even to an et cetera. By clarifying a.
problem which she has obfuscated
with personalities, I hope to counter-
act the effects of her second attempt.
This is not a question of Bernard's
intelligence as contrasted with Shei-
la's ignorance. Certainly it is not a
debate as to whether or not Sheila
should retain her wardrobe.
It is a denunciation of Ignorance
and Indifference at all times and
all places. It is a plea to the wo-
mhen of the world who have buried
their minds in the trivia of SO-
CIAL-ology to begin to shoulder
their part of the world's despair.
We have no right to enjoy the
benefits of those who struggle for
the good if we do. not arm our
minds for the combat with evil.
It is our duty to rip the disguise
from the Sheila of today-even if
she be ourselves-and make her un-
worthy of Mr. Rosenberg's attack.
TUESDAY, APRIL 11, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 116
All notices for the D~ally Official 1Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of -the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to students
Wednesday afternoon, April 12, from
4 to 6 o'clock.
If you wish to finance the purchase
of a home, or if you have purchased
improved property on a land con-,
tract and owe a balance of approxi-'
mately 60 per cent of the value of the
property, the Investment Office, 100
South Wing of University Hall,
would be glad to discuss financing
thrcugh the medium of a first mort-
gage. Such financing may effect a
substantial saving in interest.
Required' Hygiene Lectures for Wo-
men-1944: Notice is hereby given
that the required Hygiene Lectures
for Women which have been given in
the Rackham Auditorium, at 4:15-
5:15 on Mondays and Tuesdays, for
the balance of the period will be held
in the Natural Science Auditorium.
The hour and days remain the same.
A local manufacturing firm, having
discontinued the manufacture of a
liquid type duplicating machine, has
offered to give to the University a
limited number of these machines.
Any department having a real need
for a small cylinder type duplicating
machine should see or write the Uni-
versity Purchasing Department at
once outlining the need for this'
"The Shape of Wings To Come":
Mr. Geoffrey F. Morgan, Manager,
Speakers Bureau. DouglasMAircraft
Company will discuss the role avia-
tion is to play in the post-war world.
His talk will be given tonight at 8:15
in the Amphitheatre of the Rack-
ham Building. The public is invited.
Sponsored by the Junior Chamber of
Commerce, the lecture is under the
auspices of the Department of Aero-
University Lecture: Dr. William H.
Adolph, Professor of Chemistry at
Yenching University, China, will
speak on "Nutritional Problems in
China and the Orient," Wednesday,
April 12, at 8:00 p.m., Rackham
Amphitheater. This lecture is given
under the auspices of the Department
of Biological Chemistry.
Lecture: "Faster than the Sound."
Dr. Theodore von Karman, Director
of the Daniel Guggenheim Graduate
School of Aeronautics at the Cali-
fornia Institute of Technology and a
-leading world authority in technical
aeronautics, will lecture on the above
subject at 4:15 p.m., Wednesday, Ap-
ril 12, in the amphitheatre of the
Rackham Building. The lecture is be-
ing given under the auspices of the
Department of Aeronautical Eh-
gineering and the public is invited.
French Lecture. Professor Edward
B. Ham, of the Romance Language
Department, will give the seventh
and last of the French lectures spn-
sored by the Cercle Francais, Thurs-
day, April 13, at 4:10 p.m. in Room D,
Alumni Memorial Hall. The title o
his lecture is: "Quelques ennemis du
Voltairianisme." Admission by ticket.
Food Handler's Lectures: The sec-
ond of the April series of food hand-
ler's lectures will be given this eve-
ning in the Auditorium of the Kel-
logg Building at 8 o'clock.
All food handlers employed in coin-
mercial establishments are required
by City Ordinance to attend one
series of lectures in order to obtain a
permanent food handler's card,
All persons concerned with food
service to University students who
have not previously attended are
asked to attend this lecture.
Students Spring Term, College of
Literature, Science and the Arts:
Courses dropped after Saturday,
April 15, by students other than
freshmen will be recorded with the
grade of E. Upon the recommenda-
tion of their Academic Counselors,
freshmen, (students with less than
24 hours' credit) may be granted the
extraordinary privilege of dropping
courses without penalty through the
Students in the College of Phar-
macy: There will be an important
meeting of all students in the College
of Pharmacy Wednesday, April 12, at
7:15 p.m. in Rm. 300 in the Chemis-
Seniors: College of L.S. & A and
Schools of Education, Music and
Public Health: Tentative lists of sen-
iors for June graduation have been
posted on the bulletin board in Rm.
4 University Hall. If your name is
misspelled or the degree expected in-
correct, please notify the Counte
Student Recital: Sarah Hanby,
pianist, will present a recital in par-
tial fulfillment of the requirments
for the degree of Bachelor of Music
at 8:30 p.m., Thursday, April 13, in
the Assembly Hall of the Rackham
Building. A student of Joseph Brink-
man, Miss Hanby will play composi-
tions by Cimarosa, Beethoven,
Tschaikowsky and Bach. The pro-
gram will be open to the general
Bacteriology Seminar will meet
this afternoon at 4:30, in Rm. 1564
East Medical Building. Subject:
Some microscopic phases of micro-
The Romance Languages Journal
Club will meet this afternoon at 4:15,
in the East Conference Room of the
Professor Irving A. Leonard will
give a talk entitled, Perez de Monita-
ban, Tomas Gutierrez and Two Book
Lists: a footnote. Professor Joseph
N. Lincoln will read a paper entitled,
St. Ursula, the Infanta Isabel and
Lope de Vega. All who are interested
are cordially invited and urged to
. .---' ---e-- ,ick r-+
~V414. C h l4 i tTio
":Now, here's a real buy in suiperb shape . . . it was owned by an
old lady who never had anything but an *A' Card!"
lege will speak on "Applications of
Group Theory to Molecular Struc-
The Michigan Dames' will hold
their April general meeting this eve-
ning at 8:15 o'clock in the Russian
Tea Room of the Michigan League.
Thee will be a meeting of all wo-
menri interested in working on the
Tutorial Committee this semester to-
day at 5 p.m. in the Undergraduatte
Office at the League!
"She Stoops to Conquer," comedy
by Oliver Goldlsmith, will be present-
ed in the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre
Wednesday through Saturday by Play
Production of the department of
speech. Tickets are on sale daily at
the theatre box office which is open
from 10-1, 2-5 today and from 10-1,
2-8:30 remainder of week.
The Association Music Hour will
present Anton Bruckner's Mas in
E minor at Lane Hall Wednesday
evening, April 12, at 7:30. Everyone
interested is cordially invited.
inter-Guild will have its weekly
luncheon at noon Wednesday, April
12, in the Fireside Room at Lane
Hall. Everyone is invited; please call
Doris Lee, 3470, to make reservations.
Professor Slosson will be the speaker.
- There will be an important 4ortir
Boar d meeting at 7:15 p~m. Wednes-
day, April 12, in the League. All
members are urged to attend.
Botanical Journal Club: Reports
by Margaret Vickroy on "Influence
of minor or trace elements upon the
physiology of plants," and Salah-iMl.
Din Taha on "Growth hormone pro-
duction during sexual reproduction of
higher plants." Chairman, F. G.
Gustafson. Natural Science, Rn.
1130, Wednesday, April 12, at 4:00
The Stump Spdaker's Society of
Sigma Rho Tau will present an Ox-
ford Union Forum on "Kitchen Me-
chanics in a Seven Room House," this
Wednesday at 7:30 p.m.. The meet-
ing will be open and the public is
Co-Ops Hold Personnel Tea: There
will be a tea at the Muriel Lester
Co-Operative, 1102 Oakland, on Wed-
nesday, April 12, from 4 to 5:30 plm.,
for all girls interested in living in a
Co-Operative for either the summer
or fall semester.
They were singing "Oh, What a
Beautiful Morning!" at Democratic
headquarters the other day when the
news came in from Oklahoma. Psy
chologically, the Democrats had fig-
ured that a great deal was at stake
in the by-election race in Oklahoma's
Second Congressional District. Re-
sults in the other recent special races
had given the Republicans too much
basis for talking about a Republican
"trend," so the Democrats put energy
and money into this fight. The Re-
publicans did the same. The issue, as
agreed to by both sides, was about as
clear-cut as it could be: the New
The results were better than
most Democrats had anticipated.
W. G. Stigler, the Democratic can-
didate, carried the district by 4,000
votes; in 1942, the Democratic can-
didate had carried it by only 388.
But experienced political observers
are warning that these results in
Oklahoma should not be inter-
LITTLE STEEL FORMULA QUESTIONED:
Report Ignores Regional Wage Differences
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT only succeeded in
confusing the issue when he published a
report by his top White House economic advisers
which said that price rises have been checked
and that the cost of living is lower now than it
was a year ago.
Of course, this is all well and good and very
much to be desired, but it does not mean that
everything is just ducky. However, FDR chooses
to put on rose-colored glasses, stick his tongue in
his cheek and say, "We must not jeopardize
these gains by any change of policy or relaxation
of effort . . . Obviously we should cling to the
policies and machinery which have served us so
effectively thus far."
BUT, the President also said that this state-
ment was based on a study of the nation as a
THESE statements are not necessarily true.
But they should be considered. and if found
to be valid, acted upon.
For instance, the CIO holds that the average
steelworker is now going in the hole 79 cents a
week, in spite of the highest weekly earnings in
his history. This might be true and it might not
be, but it should be thrashed out and, if found
to be a valid claim, adjustments should be made.
It's swell to be able to say that price rises have
been checked. But it does not mean inequalities
have been erased and that everyone has a just
share of the national income.
What is needed is an unprejudiced analysis
of conditions in various sections of the coun-
try an analysis that would be conducted on
the same high plane as the Baruch report on
rubber-an analysis that would be respected
by the special interest groups concerned.
It will probably be found that inequalities do
exist and that a revision of the Little Steel
Formula on a regional basis is necessary.
- Ray Dixon
Are you going to order bigger
.tY-i- -f ftln - rasiu-
By Crockett Johnson
t3ir nsians of both C0165 Sol
IE'Astrolo icaly! A precise
Yn Adlf rlI