TIlE M1ICH IGAN DAILY
SUNTAY, APRIL z' 1944
Fifty lourth Year
I' RSatME BeGRih
ByS) AMUEL GRAFTON
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Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are writ /en by 'members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Soldier Hill Destroys
Spirit of Constitution
RUTH, who is now working for her Ph. D. in
political science, emphatically symbolized to
me the dangerous trend of conservative, Re-
publican thought of yesterday. She, appeared
thoroughly satisfied. "Well, I see my bill be-
came law this morning," she said.
Her principal argument was that that un-
comparable measure which will prevent soldiers
from voting by enveloping them in reams of
red tape-that this bill in constitutional and
will erase the 1942 law, "which was unconsti-
tutional." It's strange thinking that sees
an argument for a poll tax in a constitution
which specifically outlaws discrimination on
the basis of color.
She also told me that the soldiers probably
aren't interested in voting, anyway. Besides, if
she were a soldier she would be the first to object
t; a law that was unconstitutional. She told
me so. Even if I could imagine Ruth as a typi-
cal GI Joe, I still should find it extremely dif-
ficult to understand how a soldier could be so
interested in the constitutionality of a bill and
still not be interested in voting.
She is sorry that the issue was ever brought
up in the first place and offered the information
that the President's interest in it was only
political. Of course, everything the President
does is a political move-even to his well-known
concern over how high our casualty lists go.
Let us, above all, strictly follow the consti-
tution to the letter. The spirit of it can go to
hell. -Barbara Herrinton
NEW YORK, April 1.-Our admiration for air
power has been our own apocalyptic vision in
this war, our own variant of Hitler's oversized.
dreams of victory won in the laboratory and at
the factory bench. We took the vision from him,
and also the second rate poetry of blitz, shmitz,
crash and bang that goes with it.
Hitler it was who first was going to win because
of devilishly smart ideas, in a war directed by
some Svangali of the internal combustion en-
gine. We took high-octane strategy away from
him, and while no layman has any right what-
ever to suggest that the military is oversold
on it, there is no question but that the public
is. Whether air power fitted the needs of vic-
tory or not, it has certainly fitted the needs of
publicists, miltary analysts, movie script writers,
contrivers of radio shows and press photograph-
Air power is by all odds the favorite weapon
of those who are not in the war, because it is
clean, shiny, high, remote and lacks cooties.
The fatal weakness in all thinking about
war by those who are not in the war is their
lust for pat answers and easy solutions, and
WASHINGTON, April 1.-Mrs. Evyn Walsh
("Hope Diamond"') McLean had three radios
turned on full blast during her last Sunday night
dinner in order not to miss her friend Martin
Dies' reply to Walter Winchell.
What the guests didn't realize is that Dies
faces the toughest re-election campaign of his
life. Trouble is that he was over-zealous in
' getting war contracts for his district, now
faces about 70,000 labor voters, all registered
and their poll tax paid. So Martin needs some
good publicity, and attacking Winehell on the
air is one of the best ways to get it.
Dies recently has been accused of being anti-
Semitic. That is not true. Dies is no more anti-
Semitic than he is anti-Catholic. Most people
don't remember it, but he made a much worse
attack on Justice Frank Murphy when Murphy
was running for re-election as Governor of
Though the sit-down strikes had been over
for a year and a half, Dies suddenly called a
meeting of his un-American activities investi-
gating committee to probe the sit-down strikes
and Governor Murphy's handling of them.
This revival of a dead issue, during the psy-
ciological two weeks just before elections, was
calculated to hit Murphy hard, and it did.
Probably it was the chief factor in defeating
one of the most efficient State Governments
in the nation.
However, Dies did not mean to be anti-Catholic
when he so effectively slashed up Frank Murphy.
Actually, he is not anti anything except anti-
progress. Mainly, he is just pro-Martin Dies.
Erudite Eric Johnston, president of the U.S.
Chamber of Commerce, testified on Capitol Hill
this week that he was against any amendments
to the price stabilization act if such amendments
would permit price increases.
Whereupon Senator Bob Taft of Ohio burst
forth with the statement that there ought to be
some increase in prices, astounding his col-
"Also," said Taft, "I think there should be
some increase in wages. A little increase all
along the line isn't going to do the country any
nothig has ever been more pat than victory
through air power. Its seductive, diagram-
.matic trimness exercises a paralyzing fascina-
hin on many minds, akin to the grip exerted
on 'the imagination by monetary theories and
In the almost perfect world, victory is won
through air power, peace is then preserved
through a world police force, and prosperity is
made to endure forever by reducing the gold
content of the dollar.
The great campaign to convince the American
public of the importance of air power was a
pushover, because the American public was more
than eager to be convinced, as it would naturally
be eager to believe in any theory that promised
a ready grid easy victory. Its optimistic faith
in air power was exaggerated, and so its cur-
rent mood of disappointment because of the
collapse of a single air power experiment at
Cassino is also exaggerated. It is not crying
because we failed to capture a town, but because
its toy has been broken.
WVE WERE so sure air power could do it, that
we would appear to have told each other
Cassino was utterly "pulverized," "smashed,"
"destroyed," "obliterated" before we took a good
look to see whether it really was, or not.
There was something almost naughty in Mr.
Homer Bigart's report to the New York Herald
Tribune, written from a hill-top by Cassino,
to the effect that he could see all manner of
buildings still standing. The remark seems in
bad taste, like a whisper that the bride isn't
good-looking, or any other realistic comment
which scotches a dream.
And now a bitter, disappointed, equally ex-
aggerated, anti-air power trend sets in. One
correspondent remembers that at Medjez-el-Bab,
we attacked a German hill position for a day
and a half with relays of bombers and then had
our trousers shot off when we tried to go in.
A London wire says we shall have to use naval
guns to soften European coastal defenses, be-
cause high-velocity armor-piercing shells are so
vastly superior to bombs.
It is recalled, with a comic air of surprise,
that London was bombed by the Germans, but
not conquered. The lady has lost her virtue;
suddenly all sorts of discreditable anecdotes
are remembered out of her past.
These are but the pains of growing up. We
now have a tough public relations job on our
hands, to convince the people that there is no
special, pat, neat and easy way to win the war,
after having spent two years convincing them
that there was. Public morale will be the better
for it, in the end, with a truer appreciation of
our need for sticking with and fighting with our
When the morale story of our time is told, a
chapter ought to be devoted to the question of
whether the air power theory, which indisput-
ably brought the facts of life home to the Ger-
man people, didn't sort of keep them from our
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
The lady who almost found herself on the
receiving end of a Hoffman punch was Mrs.
Edith Ridgely, an employe of the House res-
taurant in the Capitol. Here's a blow-by-blow
summary of the encounter.
Representative Hoffman called up the House
restaurant and reserved a table for himself and
several constituents. Mrs. Ridgely promised to
accomodate him. However, when the Michi-
gan Congressman showed up with several ex-
tra guests who had joined the party, there
wasn't a table big enough for all of them in
the crowded restaurant, with the result that
about seven people had to be wedged in at one
Mrs. Ridgely, a widow with a son in the Army,
apologized but this didn't satisfy Hoffman. Fu-
rious because he and his guests didn't receive
special treatment, he followed Mrs. Ridgely out
into the corridor and there accosted her in a
manner that surpassed any of his violent dia-
tribes on the floor of Congress.
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Syndicate)
R ELIGION at the university level
presents a major problem to every
student. How keep both the subjec-
tive area and the objective world in
healthy condition at every step in the
learning process? Religion asks that
one focus attention consistently upon
the feelings, reactions and impulses.
The unconscious and the habitual
self has attention. Progress in re-
ligion requires that one struggle to
integrate the drives and aspirations
within Also, religion sets up social
ends and specific means for those
drives. If you are a Jew, you will
store the mind with the idea of God
and become sensitive to the laws by
which that great heritage disciplines
the soul. If you are Christian, you
will seek to know the idea of God and
become sensitive to the purpose dis-
covered through the teachings of the
New Testament. If Buddhist, you
will seek to orient your impulses and
feelings about that specific body of
doctrine ,including virtue for its own
sake. In any case, the subjective
world is the province of religion.
Science requires that one focus
attention on objects usually beyond
the self. The first principle of the
young scientist must be to keep
feelings, wishes and desires out of
every transaction. Unlike religion,
science observes objects disassosiat-
ed from the inner man. Even
though the conclusions reached
seem to go against feelings or con-
tradict wishes or call desires into
questions, as a scientific person,
you will be objective and state the
case as you observe it to be. Not
until you can do this candidly and
with enthusiasm dare you call your-
self even a beginner at the scien-
tific method. Of necessity, there-
fore, physics, chemistry and geolo-
gy, being remote from the person,
present fewer conflicts than sociol-
ogy, anthropology and psychology
which function close to the person.
The university man who would be
religious, by the very nature of
these two fields, religion and
science, must move in two difec-
tions at once.
The wording is inaccurate to ex-
press what we mean, for in the mind
we combine various directions and
virtually can go in two directions at
once. We confront problems and
may even posses tensions and suffer
neuroses. For this reason, the man
with a well-disciplined mind can be
very objective about his own inner
feelings. This is to say that the
scientist should or could become the
most religious of men. There are
many men who illustrate this fact.
It is here that being religious and
being scientific are fused. The sig-
nificant process for the student to
watch is the distribution of atten-
tiveness. He should ask, "Am I giv-
ing attention to the religious atti-
tude and learning to mature my re-
ligion while in the university?" The
courses assigned which are based on
the scientific method will drive him
to sufficient attention to the scien-
tific field. Also, he should ask, "Am
I neglecting the religious field?" It
is the function of art, philosophy,
psychology, the church, daily devo-
tions and his religious fellowship to
prompt him to work at his religious-
Counselor in Religious Education
Edward W. Blakeman
SUNDAY, APRIL 2, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 109I
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.mn.
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to students
Wednesday afternoon, April 5, from3
4 to 6 o'clock.
Automobile Regulation: Students
possessing driving permits who have
not reported the 1944 license num-
bers of their cars to the Dean of
Students' Office must do so at once.
Failure to comply with this request
will result in the loss of driving
qty A: ,.
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Holy Week Message
rODAY is Palm Sunday. It should
mean more than the Sunday be-
fore Easter, or the day on which
churches are decorated with palms.
It is a triumphant day, a day of
celebration, a day of joy. It is the
day that Christ entered the Holy City
of Jerusalem, and it marks the open-
ing of the most eventful week in the
life of the Saviour.
We call this week "Holy Week."
One might ask how any last week
of a person's life could be called
holy. Let us look. Jesus, who is the
perfect Son of God, the Lamb of
God, was sent to take away the sins
of the world. He becomes obedient
to His Father's will to save man.
God, who knew that any ability of
man would never save him from his
sins, acts in love to bring man back
in face with Him. He sent His only
begotten Son through spontaneous,
unmerited, creative and redemptive
love. Christ, in His obedience to His
Father's will and His Sacrifice on
the Cross, consummated this recon-
Holy Week has a reality, a mean-
ing for us. We have only to look at
this world in itsbitter struggle to
realize that there is no hope to be
found in man alone. We can find
our only hope in Him who first
loved us and gave Himself for us.
There is the peace of soul this
proud, bleeding world can confide
in and trust eternally. What dig-
nity God has given man that He
would love sinful man to the extent
of sacrificing His only Son!
Nothing in my hand I bring,
Simply to Thy Cross I cling.
-Rev. H. 0. Yoder, Pastor of
Trinity Lutheran Church,
and adviser to the Lutheran
GRIN AND REAR IT
r -77777 .r
J!lt i j i 144, cwedgt0 Time,. Tne.
"We might as well get married now! After the war I may not be
earning $50 a month."
Hoffman ados It Again-...
Rabble-rousing Representative Clare
of Michigan last week added another
ment to his sulphuric record.
He threatened to slap a lady.
permission of the academic counsel-
lors or mentors. All other students
who are not on probation or the I
warned list are eligible.
Anyone on PROBATION or the
WARNED LIST is definitely ineligi-
ble to take part in any public activity
and a student who participates under
these circumstances will be subject
to discipline by the authorities of
the school or college in which he or
she is enrolled.
Participation in a public activity
is defined as service of any kind on
a committee or a publication, in a
public performance or a -rehearsal,
holding office -or being a candidate
for office in a class or other student
organization, or any similar function.
In order to keep the personnel rec-
ords up to date in the Office of the
Dean of Students, the president or
chairman of any club or activity
should submit a list of those par-
ticipating each term on forms ob-
tainable in Room 2, University Hall.
These records are referred to con-
stantly by University authorities,
governmental agencies and industrial
concerns throughout the country and
the more complete they are, the more
valuable they become to the Univer-
sity and the student.j
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence and the Arts: There will be a
meeting of the Faculty in Rm. 1025,
Angell Hall, April 3, 1944 at 4:10 p.m.
Notices of this meeting and the
proposed agenda and reports have
been distributed through campus
Faculty of the College of Litera-
ture, Science and the Arts: The five-
we'ek freshman reports will be due
Saturday, April 8, in the Academic
Counselors' Office, 108 Mason Hall.
Sigma Xi: The Michigan Chapter
brings to the campus for a public
lecture, Professor Walter R. Miles,
Yale University, who is one of the
Sigma Xi National Lecturers this
season. "Psychology and Military
Aviation" is the timely title.
This is our only off-campus speak-
er of the year. The public is cordially
invited to attend this meeting, which
will be held in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre at 8:00 p.m. on April 3, 1944.
A cadeIic Notices
Preliminary Examinations for the
Doctorate in English: Those intend-
ing to take the examinations this
spring should notify Professor N. E.
Nelson by April 3.
Dr. Litchfield's Class will meet on
April 8 at 10:00 a.m. in the same
room. This is in place of the class
that was to meet on Thursday.
The Graduate Outing Club will
meet for the first spring hike today
at 2:30 p.m. at the club quarters,
Rackham Hall, northwest corner en-
trance. There will be a discussion
about further programs and indoor
games in case of unfavorable weath-
er. All graduate and professional
students and alumni are cordially
Wesleyan Guild meeting at 5 p.m.
Mrs. Welthy Honsinger Fisher will
speak on the subject: "America Faces
East." Supperpand fellowship hour
at 6:15. A program of dramatic
sketches on the theme "The Church
Marches On" at 7:30 p.m.
The Lutheran Student Association
will meet at 5:30 p.m. today in the
Zion Lutheran Parish Hall. Supper
will be served promptly at 5:45, after
which the group will have the privi-
lege of hearing the Rev. Fredrik A.
Schiotz, Executive Secretary of the
Student Service Department of the
American Lutheran Church. Stu-
dents and servicemen are cordially
invited to hear his worthwhile mes-
Michigan Christian Fellowship will
hold its regular weekly meeting this
afternoon at 4:30 in Lane Hall. The
speaker will be Rev. Douglas Hine,
who is the director of the Victory
Center at Fort Custer, Mich. There
will be special music. A cordial invi-
tation is extended to all students and
especially to the servicemen. Come
out for an .afternoon of Christian
fellowiship. See you there-4:30 this
Roger Williams Guild: This eve-
ning a discussion on "The Responsi-
bilities of a Church Member" will be
led by Reverend Loucks. The meet-
ing begins at 5:00 and will be fol-
lowed by a fellowship hour and re-
BUSINESS AS USUAL' PRESSURE GROUPS:
Congressmen Depend upon Lobbyists for Advice
0UR CONGRESS, though elected by the peo-
ple and supposedly following the dictates of
the people, is in reality subjected to a maelstrom
of pressures from special interest groups in the
form of lobbying.
There are a number of good arguments on
both sides of the question of whether this is
beneficial to the country's best interests or not.
It cannot be denied, however, that lobbyists in
Washington are now operating in full swing and
wielding more influence with Congressmen than
The reason for this is plain. Congress is at
odds with the administration and most of the
executive bureaus. The men in Congress cannot
possibly know enough about the bills they are
required to consider in committees or vote upon
on the floor of the House and Senate to judge
them on merit alone. They are forced to turn
to someone "in the know."
The only groups who have the facts in a
specific case are (1) government bureaus and
(2) the special interest groups that will be af-
fected by pending legislation. Since Congress
is currently resisting any attempts hy the ad-
represents a sizeable portion of the larger agri-
I ABOR groups also have their share of preju-
diced representation in Washington. Most
Congressmen, however, feel that labor has had
enough favorable legislation in the last decade
and that it is time to stem the influence of
unionism. Consequently they have enlarged the
already well-worn welcome mat at the door of
the "legislative interests" of Big Business.
This is a sad situation. There is no indication
that powerful pressure groups represent the best
interests or the wishes of the people. For ex-
ample, the country as a whole will suffer because
of the short-sightedness of the recently passed
inadequate tax bill, a bill that was based on
the demands of industrial pressure groups.
And yet Congressmen cannot turn to the
people who put them into office. They are
elected from states and districts whose bound-
aries are arbitrarily drawn without any consid-
eration of the interests of the people who re-
side in them. It is impossible for him to rep-
resent the views of all his constitutents at the
same time. He must make a choice. He gen-
erally chooses to listen to the side that has
the strongest lobby.
TIHE ONLY solution for this unfortunate state
of affairs is to strengthen the influence of
the people themselves, by letting all walks of
life be represented equally. Thus labor should
have its own Congressmen, business interests
and farmers should have theirs. The whole
election system should be revised to allow for
some system of proportional representation. Only
then can we have a Congress that respects the
wishes of the- people. Only then can we mini-
nize the influence of pressure groups.
Eligibility Rules for the Spring
ferm: First term freshmen will be
allowed to participate in extra-cur-
ricular activities but will have their
grades checked by their academic
counsellors or mentors at the end of
the five-week period and at niid-
semester. Continued participation
after these checks will depend upon
By Crockett Johnson
npossibfe? Remember ray coup was
erfectly TIMED! . Friday! 3 p.m.!'
Just in time, m'boy. . I am explaining to my three
invisible constituents here how I maneuvered theM
Organ Recital: Palmer Christian, The Congregational-Disciples Guild
University Organist, will present the Till meet at the Cngregational
annual hour of music on Good Friday whurch tat5 thpmCo r ea tudn t
afternoon, April 7, at 4:15. The pro-Church at 5:00 p.m. for a student
gaamnon il 7, mp41.Tho- led program on the subject "Building
grmwill include compositions bya
Frescobaldi, Bach, Karg-Elert, Wag- a Personal Christian Philosophy of
ner, Malling, Bossi and Dupre. (Continued on Page 6)
TPh e L rpnpr~al iihlittir. jo rvlin~l~v
I appended the proposed drawings,
description, estimates-all of which