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March 30, 1944 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-03-30

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Fifty-Fourth Year.

British Government Commits Crime us
Keeping European Jews from Palestine

Sauewl Grof ton's
1d Rather



B ~Licl ay

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Pubications.
Published= every morning except Monday dpring the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
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for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
tecond-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $+.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44

rt"itorial Staff

Jane Farrant.
Claire Sherman
stan wallace
yolyn Phillips
l torvey Prank
~Tu' Low .
jo Ann 'et(rson
Mary Anne Olson.
Mai'joric Roxrain

Managing Editor
Editoral Director
.. City Editor
Associate Editor
* . Associate Sports Editor
Associate Sports Editor
Women's Editor
Associate Women's Editor

TOMORROW, under the provisions of the
British White Paper of 1939, Jewish immi-
gration into Palestine, still 27,000 short of the
five-year quota of 75,000, will cease except for
the small trickle which may be allowed to fill
out the number.
This action of the British government is hard
to explain in the face of mass persecution and
slaughter of European Jews and the unquestion-
able legal right of Jews to migrate into Palestine.
The Zionist movement and consequent claim
of Jews for a homeland in Palestine is firmly
established in history.
Zionism, which, according to the Basle Plat-
form "strives to create for the Jewish people a
home in Palestine secured by public law" was
officially established in 1897, as the result of a
spontaneous growth in Germany, France, Aus-
tria and Russia. It received international recog-
nition with the British Balfour Declaration in
1917, which stated: "His Majesty's Government
views with favor the establishment in Palestine
of a national home for the Jewish People, and
will use their best endeavors to facilitate the
achievement of this object."
Thus British support opened the wa~y for ful-
fillment of an age-old dream of the Jewish
people, return to their spiritual and cultural
homeland. The United States gave official
support to the Declaration in 1922.
With the aid of Keren Hayesod, the central
pioneering instrument founded in 1920, Jewish
refugees, most of them of an urban upbringing,
became peasants and tillers of the soil, estab-
lishing small holdings and collective villages-
the foundations of a secure rural economy. In
1935 the Jewish population had reached the
number of 300,000 and since that time nearly
as many more have entered Palestine.
AS A LOGICAL sequel to the Balfour Declara-
tion, Palestine was mandated to Great Britain
by the League of Nations in 1922 on the condi-
tion that Britain establish a Jewish national
hompe there. In 1925 the United States recog-
nized the mandate with the understanding that
the administration of Palestine "facilitate Jew-
ish immigration under suitable conditions" and
"encourage . . . close settlement by Jews on the
land." No change was to be made in the terms
without the consent of the United States.
The White Paper of 1939, called by Winston
Churchill "plainly a breach and. repudiation" of
Britain's obligations, was the fruit of the Cham-
berlain policy-an attempt to appease Hitler by

the conciliation of the Grand Mufti, fascistic
spiritual and temporal leader of the Arabs, who
was then residing in Berlin. It set an immigra-
tion quota of 75,000 for a five-year period, im-
posed land restrictions on the Jews and pro-
vided that immigration should cease March 31,
The position of the United States on the
abrogation of the White Paper has been vacil-
latory. A sympathetic Congress was prevented
from passing the Wagner-Taft Resolution,
which would reaffirm the 1922 U.S. approval
by the intervention of General Marshall, who
.pleaded "military" reasons.
Other arguments which have been advanced
against continued Jewish immigration include
those of Palestine's limited absorptive capacity
and friction with the Arabs. While we are not
in a position to judge the degree of military
necessity, it is certain Athat Palestine could ab-
sorb niany more Jews, perhaps a maximum of
six million. Moreover, within a period of 25
years there has been an increase of 50 per cent
in the Arab population and a decided benefit
to the Arabs from the increased economic wel-
fare of the country as a result of the efforts of
Jewish settlers.
THE CRIME of the British government in clos-
ing the doors of Palestine to European Jewish
refugees and the tacit approval of the United,
States, which is what our inaction amounts to,
can be explained only in terms of Arabian oil
and the frantic if polite race between the two
allies to get their respective fingers in the pie.
Britain, a past master of the game, has concili-
ated the Arabs by refusing to abrogate the White
Paper and the United States has discreetly kept
it official mouth shut'
Meanwhile, Secretary Ickes has made a deal
with Standard Oil of California and the Texas
.Company for a Saudi Arabian pipeline with a
view toward the establishment of an estimated
billion-barrel military oil reserve on the Med-
Once again our moral platitudes, our high-
sounding belief in free access to the world's re-
sources, our oft-expressed yearning for "justice"
have failed to ring true. Humanitarianism has
been sacrificed to economic imperialism. Com-
mon human decency demands that we press
Britain to open Palestine again to the Jewish
people by. a reaffirmation of the Balfour Declar-
ation and removal of the quotas and restrictions
imposed by the White Paper.
-Jennie Fitch

Business Staff
Eizabeth A. Carpenter . . . . Business Manager
Margery 3Att . . Associate Business Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and refresent the views of the writers only.
/tlies Coiul ene fit by
fieahing wilh de Gaualle
I IT POSSIBLE that we are afraid to recog-
nize de Gaulle-afraid because we feel now
that when we get to France it may be more ex-
pedient to deal with some other group-even
Vichy, perhaps?
We cannot speak of Roosevelt's "personal
dibtaste" for de Gauile and think we have
found sufficient reason for our attitude. If
we want to think in that manner, we should
remember that de Gaulle has suffered enough
personally because of the Germans to dispel
our doubts as to his sincerity.
A reason-a bit more reasonable, by the way
--that is sometimes advanced is that de Gaulle
has only a small following inside France. Re-
ports from the French underground indicate,
however, that that organizatio is very strongly
behind de Gaulle. It was not mere coincidence
that French students, when the Germans en-
tered Paris in 1940, carried two sticks, signify-
ing de Gaulle's name.
So now the President is considering a plan to
recognize the French Committee-finally. Some
time ago the Committee would have been helped
a great deal had we recognized it. But no, ex-
pediency came first. Now the Committee has
grown to have a good deal of power in spite of
us. Now, if we recognize it, it is only because we
can ignore it no longer. Now it will be because
it is to our interest to do so, because it is ex-
F WE MUST, consider it from that angle. De
Gaulle has repeatedly said that any govern-
nent he sets up in France will be only tempor-
ary-devised to last only until France can get
back on her feet a little and can decide what
type of permanent government she wants.
ShouldJ we object to that? Frenchmen here and
in France ask for arms and tools, something
with which they can fight and can build up their
country. But they are definitely opposed to a
governing body set up by foreign powers.
The French will be very glad when the Am-
ericans invade their country, for it will signify
the end of Nazi domination. And they will
cooperate with us. BIut should we deal with
fIactions which do not represent these people
or- which represent in any way collaboration
with the Germans, we may find our task dif-
ficult. It is not reasonable to think that the
French would be willing to accept a less de-
sireable group when a representative one does
Knowing that post-war cooperation with
Fraaance will mean a great deal to the United
States, and that this cooperation will be achieved
only if we deal with the right people, it is dif-
ficult to grasp the "expediency" of ignoring de
Gaulle.-Ba Barbara Herrinton
Post-War Plannig..
Senators Elbert Thomas of Utah, Kilgore of
West Virginia and Thurman of Missouri have
introduced a Joint Resolution in the Senate
which may make our next step forward on post-
war foreign policy. The resolution of the three
senators calls on the President to take the ini-
tiative in calling a United Nations conference
tn talk over ways of developing world resources

NEW YORK, March 29.- Not
everybody who is talking about "in-
ternationalism" is going there.
You take Mr. Willkie's remark that
our government is letting Poland
down by not insisting on an "inter-
national" solution of the Polish-
Russian border thing. But suppose
Russia doesn't want that argument
settled by a committee consisting of
Guatemala, Ecuador and Saudi Ara-
bia? What do we do then, break
with Russia? And would that be
Or, you take JVIr. Dewey, who is
making a thing about "personal deci-
sions" at Teheran; Mr. Dewey wants
our decisions to be truly interna-
tional, reached at full, formal inter-
national conclaves; he is against pri-
vate and personal talks among lead-
ers. But there were two other great
powers involved with us at Teheran.
Britain and Russia. Suppose that
these two powers don't want full,
formal international conclaves just
yet; what do we do, then? Do we
break with them, in order to promote
true internationalism?
It is a strange "international"
mood which so often gives the rest
of the world just twenty-four hours
to get out of town. Or that wil-
fully proposes that we do just what
out allies don't want;, to promote
a broader international under-C
There is a certain logical fallacy
which might be called jumping out
of the window to prove you're in
favor of fresh air. Some of our
ly oshi, lio's Rel.
HAD somehow got the idea that
Governor Bricker didn't exist. The
feeling had arisen that he was just
the -figment of someone's imagina-
tion. But I have been listening to
him in the National Press Club and
gosh, folks, he's real.
He is a big-framed, handsome, God-
fearing man. He has good platform
presence and a fine radio voice. He
utters platitudes with an air of un-
compromising conviction. He has
a rugged charm, and his mental hori-
zon is bounded by the year 1900.
Mr. Bricker is against bureau-
cracy. Mr. Bricker is against food
subsidies. Mr. Bricker is against
the federal ballot. Mr. Bricker is
against a Super-State (but for co-
operation and collaboration). Am-
erican isolationism is no problem
for Mr. Bricker - "because it no
longer exists." Mr. Bricker is against
civilian meddling in the military
conduct of the war. Mr. Bricker
didn't say so specifically, but I'll
bet anything he is for American
When the war ends Mr. Bricker
would immediately stop all wartime
controls, end all rationing, cut taxes,
balance the budget.
Yes, folks, he's real. Spangler said
the Republicans could win in 1944
with anybody; and this is anybody.
This is the "honest Harding" to take
us back to sub-normalcy. If a Brick-
er didn't exist he would have had
to be invented. This column plumps
for Bricker 100 per cent. He is our
man. We are going out now to get
our button.
-The New Republic

"Now, don't worry
the war-your

about him being footloose and restless after
father was that way after the last war!" -

"internationalists" appear to be go-
ing through this exercise in droves.
THE THREE great powers, Amer-
ica, Britain, Russia, meet at Te-
her~an. Tihey come to agreement on
certain points. This is surely promis-
ing, even exciting. But some of our
internationalists are so ,desperately
international that they look down
their noses at it, they want to throw
it out, because it isn't quite the final
parliament of man. They are so firm
on the point of bringing about a true
world understanding, which must, of
course, embrace Premier Mikolajc-
zyk, of the Polish government-ini-
exile, that they don't mind if we
break with Britain and Russia to do
They are forever willing to punch
any of our allies in the nose to prove
that this is one world.
True internationalism means that
we have to be willing to get along
with other countries, but to some of
our internationalists (especially to
those who have made the conversion
in one jump from isolation) it means
that they are reluctantly willing to
have their own way.
We all of us know the type of

politician who goes very left, a mile
a minute, in order to avoid traveling
a safe and possible two inches. Most
of us working newspapermen have
met the kind of mayor who bats
down a request for aynewplayground,
back of the gashouse, by proposing
that a Committee of Fifty shall spend
seven years studying the locations of
at least forty-one new playgrounds.
He is so progressive that nothing less
will satisfy him. He sneers at timid
souls who want just one lousy play-
He thinks the issue ought to be
broadened out. le invariably
broadens it out until he loses it,
which is perhaps what he wanted
in the first place.
It is this lad's cousin who is today
weeping into his beer over our miser-
able little conferences of just three
or four countries. And the biggest
countries, at that. What, he asks
you, what about all the li'l countries?
You going to leave all the li'l coun-
tries out?
What we need is more harmony
around here, lie says, and less of this
darn getting along with Britain and
(Copyright, 1944, N.YX Post Syndicate)








WASHINGTON, March 29.-Of the 24 fresh-
men GOP Congressmen- who met with Cordell
Hull privately, three led in trying to draw the
Secretary of State out regarding future foreign
policy and plans for peace. They were:
Brilliant, beautiful Clare Luce of Connecticut,
who knows more about foreign affairs than many
in the State Department; Dr. Walter Judd of
Minneapolis, who for many years was a medical
missionary in China and is a Congressman of
broad vision; and Frank Barrett of Wyoming, a
trustee of the University of Wyoming.
Politely, firmly, they cross-exained cautious,
cagy Cordell Hull. At the end of two and a
half hours, they had gleaned two tangible facts:
1. The United States and Great Britain
were caught flatfooted by Marshal Stalin's
recognition of the Badoglio Government in
2. The State Department is pursuing a more
secret policy regarding international affairs
than Great Britain or Russia.
"Mr. Secretary," Hull was told, "All of the
Republican members of Congress who are with
you today have supported the Administration's
war policies, but we cannot understand why you
have not been franker with the American public.
The British and Russian people are kept much
better informed regarding foreign affairs. Both
Churchill and Stalin frequently speak out on
matters which you seem to consider confidential."
Iull's Explanation .. .
"Well, that's what causes all the trouble," re-
plied the Secretary of State. "But gentlemen, I
want you to understand that, if it sometimes
appears that this Government is cautious about
information it gives the public, it is because
we want to keep our enemies, not the American
people, in the dark.
"We have charted what we believe is the best
path to quick victory in a diplomatic as well
as a military sense," continued the white-haired
72-year-old Secretary of State.- "That path
leads up into the mountains, with precipices at
every turn, and if we don't keep to the path, we
are likely to fall from the precipices. But if we
follow the path, we will reach our destination."
"But it might be easier," Hull was reminded,
"if you sometimes took the public into your
confidence. And our troops would fight better
if they were given a clearer perspective of what
they are fighting for."

However, the Secretary of State went no furth-
er than vague generalities. Afterwards, the
Congressmen described him as seeming old and
tired. He coughed a great deal, seemed to grope
for words, and had difficulty in speaking.
During the conference, Mrs. Luce remarked:
"Mr. Secretary, you should speak out and tell
the public what your foreign policy is, because
silence is the workshop of ugly rumors."
After she left the two-and-a-half-hour ses-
sion, Mrs. Luce concluded: "Silence is still the
policy of the State Department."
Lush Expense Account.. .
Congressman Clarence Lea of California had a
secret reason for easing Jim Farley's friend,
Eugent Garey, out as counsel of the Special
House committee investigating the Federal Com-
munications Commission.
Public reason was Garey's close friendship with
Congressman Eugene Cox of Georgia, original
chairman of the most biased probe recently
seen in Washington. The additional secret rea-
son was the expense account which Garey sub-
mitted to the House Interstate Commerce Com-
This expense account included a $10-a-day
suite at the Mayflower Hotel. It also included
a fancy expense account for "entertainment."
Garey kept the stylish lodgings for eight
months, at a cost of about $2,400 to taxpayers.
This apparently was a secret between himself
and Eugene Cox, for other members of the in-
vestigating committee knew nothing about it
until Cox was forced to resign as chairman.
Then new chairman Lea looked over the ex-
penses, called Garey in, and angrily demanded
an explanation. Garey came forward with the
excuse that he used one room of his Mayflower
suite as an "office" where he could contact "in-
formers" who didn't want to show their faces
on Capitol Hill. Presumably they were individ-
ual employees of the FCC, though Garey didn't
identify their sex, names or status.
Whoever they were, Garey saw to it that
his visitors were well-fed, for he turned in a
bill for "meals for informers" averaging between
$75 and $100 a month. The taxpayers also paid
for this.
California GOP Re lt .. .
It looks as if California may be in for the same
sort of Republican civil war which threw the

State of the Democrats in 1919 and
re-elected Woodrow Wilson.
Liberal Republican forces are see-
thing mad at GOP conservatives,
largely inspired by Herbert Hoover,
for putting across a reactionary, un-
instructed delegation to the Chicago
convention. The plan of the die-
hards is to "bargain" for a Cabinet
job or a western Supreme Court ap-
pointment in return for California
votes at Chicago.
This has caused liberal GOP lead-
ers, including Senator Jerrold Sea-
well and Bruce Johnstone, former di-
rector of Standard Oil of Indiana, to
protest publicly. According to John-
sIt is difficult to imagine a low-
er standard of ethics, patriotism or
statesmanship. No intelligent vot-
er would consider entrusting his
country to a party avowing such
principles. It makes the national
convention a mere gathering of
hucksters, ready to sell delegates
at so much on the hoof."
Note-Liberal GOP voters in Cali-
fornia, bolting the Republican ticket
in 1916, defeated Charles Evans
Hughes after he had gone to bed on
elecetion night thinking he had been
elected President of the United
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Synd.)


VOL. LIV No. 106
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Mentor Reports: Reports on stand-
ings of all civilian engineering fresh-
men and all engineers in Terms 1, 2,
and 3 of the prescribed V-12 curricu-
lum will be expected from faculty
members at the end of the fifth week
and again at the end of the tenth
week, April 8 and May 13. Report
blanks will be furnished by campus
mail. Please refer routine questions
to Emalene Mason, Office 9f the
Dean, (Extension 575), who will han-
dle the reports; otherwise, call A. D.
Moore, Head Mentor, Extension 2136.
Dr. James Francis Cooke, Presi-
dent of the Presser Foundation, and
Editor of "The Etude," will speak at
8:30 p.m., Friday, March 31, in the
Lecture Hall of the Rackham Build-
ing, on "The Fifth Freedom."
The public is cordially invited.
French Lecture: Miss Helen Hall,
Curator, Institute of Fine Arts, will
give the sixth of the French lectures
sponsored by the Cercle Francfdis
today at 4:10 p.m. in Rm. D, Alumni
Memorial Hall. The title of her lec-
ture is: "Daumier et d'autres artistes
de la vie francaise." Miss Hall will
show slides. Admission by ticket.
Servicemen free.
Sigma Xi: The Michigan Chapter
brings to the campus for a public
lecture, Professor Walter R. Miles,
Yale University, who is 'one of the
Sigma Xi National Lecturers this
season. "Psychology and Military
Aviation" is the timely title.
This is our only off-campus speak-
er of the year. The public is cordially
invited to attend this meeting, which
will be held in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre at 8:00 p.m. on April 3, 1944.
Academic Notices

given Saturday, April 1, in Rm. 2054,
Natural Science Building, 8:30 am.
Events Today
Tea at International Center is
served each week on Thursdays from
4:00 to 5:30 pman. for foreign stu-
dents, faculty, townspeople, and
American student friends of foreign
The AIE.E. will meet this evening
at 7:30 in the Michigan Union. Mov-
ies, from the General Electric Co.,
will be shown on the "Electric Eye"
(phototube) and "Steam Turbines."
Our vice-chairman has left with the
A.S.T.P. units, so an election will be
held to fill the vacancy. Come and
vote for your friend! Refreshments
will also be served.
Varsity Debates: This afternoon at
3:30 p.m. there will be two varsity
debates with Albion College on the
"International Police Force" question.
Rooms 4003 and 4203, Angell Hall
The public is invited.
Hillel Surgical Dressings Unit will
be open today from 1 to 5 p.m. at the
Hillel Foundation. Please wear wash-
able blouse or smock.
Michigan Youth for Democratic
Action will hold an Executive Board
meeting at 2:30 p.m. Saturday in the
Union. All members must attend.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet on Friday, March 31, at 4 p.m.,
in Rm. 319 West Medical Building.
"Proteolytic Enzymes" will be dis-
cussed. All interested are invited.
Contest on Inter-American Affairs:
On Friday, March 31, at 8 p.m. in the
Rackham Amphitheatre will be held
the Central Regional Contest on
Inter - American Affairs. Students
from colleges and universities in In-
diana, Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio,
Pennsylvania and West Virginia will
speak on the topic: "Bases of Co-
operation among the American Re-
publics." The Department of Speech
is sponsoring this contest. The public
is invited.

3 i
Mr. O'Malle ! I know howl

By Crockett Johnson

C~~ppighi'1944 P4 I lrrzin.

Such a method would be


No time to lose, m'boy ... The




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