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February 24, 1943 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-02-24

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4 itt

W eather
Light Rain



Campus Elections
To Be Held Today
Students Will Elect Dance Committee,
Board Members and Union Officers

Voting in today's all-campus elec-
tion will take place from 9 a.m. to 4
p.m. in four campus polling places,
Rupert Straub '44 of the Union staff
who is in charge of the voting, an-
nounced yesterday.
Balloting will be conducted in the
lobby of University Hall, the engi-
neering arch, the lobby of the Dental
School, and in the lobby of the East
Medical Building.
The campus will elect three student
members to the Board in Control of
Students Publications, six Union vice-
presidents; and a freshman-sopho-
more dance committee to stage a com-
bined class dance.
When commenting on the elee-
tion, Bill Sessions, '43E, Judiciary
Council Chairman, stated, "The
Union vice-presidents are the stu-
dents' only direct contact with the
Union Board of Directors which is
the policy forming group of the
Union. The Union is for the stu-
dents, and it is imperative that they
elect the best men.
"The importance of the Board
elections can not be over empha-
sized. These students, too, are the
only representatives the campus has
on the Board. This election is ex-
tremely important to the student
Voting will be by particular school
and class and each school is asked to
vote at the specific polling place as-
signed to them.
The literary college, the law
school, the School of Pharmacy, the
School of Forestry and Conservation,
and the School of Music will vote in
University Hall; the engineering
school is asked to poll in the arch;
while the Dental and Medical Schools
will vote in their respective buildings.
Nn electioneering will be allowed
within 20 feet of the polls, Sessions
stated, and those engaging in such
practices will be disqualified.
Voters will be allowed as many
votes as their school and class are
electing to the dance committee; three
votes will be allowed each voter in the
Board election; while one vote each
is permitted in the Union election.
Identification cards must be pre-
sented for a ballot to participate in
any election in any school.
Four polling places will be operated
for today's all-campus election. They
Turn to Page 2, Col. 2
Crisper Gives
Reasons for
Frosh' Ruling
New Scheme Adopted
In Conjunction with
Physical Fitness Plan
Daily Sports Editor
Herbert O. (Fritz) Crisler, Direc-
tor of Athletics at the University of
Michigan, disclosed yesterday that
the Western Conference had a dual
motive in waiving its 34-year-old
freshman residence rule for the dur-
"The main purpose of the revolu-
tionary move," Crisler revealed, "was
not to keep intercollegiate competi-
tion in the Midwest alive as seems to
be the general impression in many
quarters. The Conference authorities
adopted the plan in conjunction with
the trend toward fitness for the
armed services.
"By waiving the freshman resi-
dence rule the Conference hopes to
continue using the staffs and equip-
ment at Big Ten universities for
training and conditfoning men for
later service in the Army, Navy and
"The ruling will affect all men al-
ready on campus who are in uniform,
incoming freshmen, and all athletes

transferred here by the armed ser-
vices. However, since the Army has
sent only medical, dental and engi-
neering students here, we do not ex-
pect any influx of material. Besides,"
Crisler added, "the Army has in-
ferred that the soldiers sent here will
have little time for competitive
Turn to Page 3, Col. 1
Erupting Volcano Imperils
3,000 in Mexican Town
MEXICO CITY, Feb. 23.-{P)-AlI

Navy Opens New
Engineers' Reserve
Junior and senior engineers, 18
to 28, may apply at once for offi-
cer training in the United States
Naval Reserve, Lieut. Comdr. D. P.
Welles, of Detroit, announced to-
The new program is similar to
the old V-7 college. plan but ap-
plies only to juniors and seniors
working toward degrees in engi-
neering, physics, mathematics,
electronics, and Naval architec-
ture. This group will be given an
opportunity to continue their stu-
Those qualified for the officer
training program may go directly
to the Office of Naval Officer Pro-
curement, Ninth Floor, Book Buil-
ding, Detroit.
Schools List
Only Four Days Remain
To Get Ration Book 2
Only seven campus organizations
took advantage yesterday of the Uni-
versity's simplified registration plan
for War Ration Book No. 2, Assis-
tant Dean Walter B. Rea reported
last night.
He urged fraternities, sororities
and cooperative houses, University
groups eligible for the new plan, to
register at room 2, University Hall
before the deadline Thursday night.
House managers and stewards may
act for their organization by bring-
ing to the Dean of Student's offige
signatures, number 1 ration books
and numbers of the books of all
members, Dean Rea said.
Dormitory and boarding house res-
idents should register at the Ann Ar-
bor school nearest their home ac-
cording to rationing officials.
Seven local schools near the cam-
pus will be open through Thursday
from 1 to 5 and 6 to 9 to handle these
registrants. Rationing headquarters
said last night students who were
turned away yesterday from one of
these schools by mistake will be pro-
cessed today.
The seven schools are: Bach, on
Jefferson, Perry on Packard, Tappan
on Welles, Angell on University,
Jones on North Division, North Side
on Pontiac Road, and Mack on Mil-
ler Avenue.
School registrants must bring with
them ration book number 1, officials
Over 35,000 registrations are an-
ticipated in Ann Arbor and Wash-
tenaw County during the four day
signing-up period, according to C. C.
Crawford, assistant superintendent
of schools who is County Director.
10,100 persons signed up the first
day, he reported.
Feb. Garg Will Feature
'Campus to Pampas' Angle
The February issue of the Gargoyle
should contribute to the Good-Neigh-
bor Policy, say Pat High and Bernice
Galansky, acting editors.
The "campus to the pampus" ver-
sion will give a Latin-American twist.

Army Orders
Troops To Pick
Arizona Cotton
Move Cimaxes Series
Of Acts To Alleviate
Farm Labor Shortage
WASHINGTON, Feb. 23.-(A)-The
Army ordered troops to pick cotton in
Arizona today, and President Roose-
velt indicated he hoped this action
would still the clamor in Congress for
the Armed Services to furlough all ex-
perienced farm hands.
The Chief Executive commented at
his press conference on the order
which climaxed a series of Adminis-
tration moves on the food production
front, including also the lifting of
marketing quotas on wheat.
Not All Troops
Without referring directly to the
congressional controversy, Mr. Roose-
velt said many people did not think
through. It would not be wise, he said,
to assign farm work to a division
needing only four weeks more of
training before going overseas. But
there were some troops which could
well be employed for short times at
agricultural work.
Every instance, he indicated, would
have to be treated as an individual
The Army disclosed that white and
Negro soldiers would move into the
long staple cotton fields to help har-
vest this "indispensable war materi-
al," and that similar action would be
taken if necessary with regard to vital
crops elsewhere in the nation.
The lifting of the restrictions on the
marketing of wheat was announced by
Secretary of Agriculture Wickard. He
said the aim was to assure adequate
wartime supplies for human consum-
ers and livestock.
On the Food Situation
In other actions bearing on the
food situation:
Wickard and John W. Studebaker,
Federal Education Commisioner, an-
nounced that 500,000 to 650,000 "vic-
tory farm volunteers, principally high
school boys and girls, would be re-
cruits for farm work during the spring
and summer months.
Rep. Rogers (.-Mass.) introduced
legislation calling for creation of a
voluntary war farm corps of youths
and women.
The wheat provisions were met by
Wickard's order today with regard to
marketing quotas. In addition to this
Turn to Page 6, Col. 5
Theatres Raided
To Stem Nazi
Labor Shortage
BERN, Switzerland, Feb. 23.-()-
Police squads have launched raids
upon motion picture theatres in
French cities in their latest efforts to
conscript French workers for labor
in Germany, a dispatch from Paris
reported tonight.
Pierre Laval's government has
found it so difficult to meet a Nazi
demand for 250,000 more workmen
that it has threatened to refuse food
cards to mhen who do not register for
work, other reports said.
A Paris dispatch to the Geneva
Tribune tonight declared that lights
are turned halfway up during motion
pictures while police make rounds
checking ages of men patrons, and
taking those from 21 to 31 for ques-
tioning and decision whether they
are liable for work service.
Gestapo control has also been ex-
tended from cafes to hotels and rail-

way stations, and even in some cases
apartment houses, the dispatch de-

Red Army

In Ukraine on 25th Anniversary;
Fighting in Tunisia Has Subsided


Nazi Positions

Allied Troops Halt
Nazi Offensive in
All Sectors After
Three Day Battle
By The Associated Press
NORTH AFRICA, Feb. 23.-Hurled
back in one sector and stalled in an-'
other, the German armored units of
Marshal Erwin Rommel relaxed their
pressure along the Tunisian front
today, giving the stubborn Allied de-
fense forces their first rest of the bit-
ter, three-day struggle to keep Nazi
spearheads from cracking their lines.
"The fighting has died down," said
a terse dispatch from the front, and
both sides apparently prepared to
make the most of the lull by regroup-
ing and bringing up supplies and re-
Tanks, Guns Halt Nazis
In the hills north of the Kasser-.
ine Gap, Rommel's most dangerous
thrust had been halted by British
and American tanks and infantry
four miles from Thala, the gateway
to the strategic Kremansa Plateau
near the Tunisian-Algerian frontier.
As the Germans tried desperately
to gain the Thala road junction 25
miles northwest of Kasserine, British
tanks and American gunners held
on stubbornly in one of the bitterest
battles of the Tunisian war.
At the same time, Rommel's at-
tack toward the west in central Tu-
nisia was beaten back by Allied troops
which were supported by . strong
American air units.
A Nazi column of 40 tanks, motor-
ized infantry and mobile guns, driv-
ing from Kasserine Pass toward Te-
bessa, 12 miles west of the Tunisian-
Algerian border, was turned back by
American fire late yesterday on the
winding road near Djebel Hamma.
Bombers Make 20 Raids
While American guns poured a
stream of shells into the advancing
column, American warplanes bombed
it in continuous relays. The force
withdrew after losing many tanks
and suffering a "considerable num-
ber" of casualties.
Fighters and bombers of the 12th
U.S. Air Force participated in more
than 20 missions yesterday in an
all-day attack on the Kasserine bot-
At least six tanks and 10 trucks
were destroyed by Boston bombers
which left many other vehicles burn-
ing. Lightning and Airacobra fight-
ers shot up enemy guns, trucks and
Crews Attempt
To Lift Clipper
Four Known Dead
In Crash at Lisbon
LISBON, Feb. 23.- (A)- Swift
waters of the Tagus River today
hampered work crews attempting to
lift the shattered wreckage of the
Yankee Clipper and recover the bod-
ies of 20 missing passengers and
Four persons were known dead,
and there were 15 survivors, all but
two of them still hospitalized, in the
crash of the plane yesterday after a
flight from New York.
The American Legation here said
in an official announcement that "16
persons were landed alive, but one
died during the night in a hospital.
Three bodies were recovered yester-
day during rescue work.
"Twenty persons are missing and
believed buried in the Clipper or
washed away by the current of the
Tagus. Only during the salvage work
which began this morning shall we be

able to identify the victims."
In New York, Pan-American Air-
ways said officials were hopeful that
some of those missing might have
been rescued by Portuguese boats
known to have been in the vicinity
of the crash.
Army Hero Bartek
Featured at Rally
Sergt. John F. Bartek, one of the

Byrnes Attacks Proposals for
Laxity in U.S. War Effort
r - -v

WASHINGTON, Feb. 23.- OP)-
James F. Byrnes, viewing the com-
ing year as the toughest in this gen-
eration, has taken issue with those
"who tell us that we can win the war
in 1944 as well as 1943."
"If I know the spirit of America,
it is that we not only must win the
war, but we must win the war quick-
ly," Byrnes told the American Soci-
ety of Newspaper Editors. The
speech, given behind closed doors
Feb. 13, was made public tonight by
the Office of War Information.
Speech Was Second Attack
Byrnes' speech was the second
high-administration attack published
within 24 hours upon those suggest-
ing a possible slowing-down of some
military aspects of the war effort in
order to reduce home front strains.
Vice-President Wallace, in an ad-
dress Monday night, said a leading
statesman of "the loyal opposition"
had urged in 1917 "that we send our
Allies in Europe food and munitions,
but that we avoid dislocating our
civilian life at home," and that this
man "is giving similar advice today."
Said Byrnes, the Economic Stabili-
zation Director:
"I must differ with the people who
believe that because it may cause
serious inconvenience to our civilian
population, we must be careful not to
try to do too much at this time and
who tell us that we can win the war
in 1944 as well as 1943. If any one of
you saw your 19-year-old son in a
fight which meant his death or the
death of the enemy, you would not
hold your punches in the belief that
you could win that fight tomorrow
just as well as today.
"Your sons and your neighbors'
U.S. Flyers Hit
Jap Ship, Bases
AUSTRALIA, Wednesday, Feb. 24.
-(P)-Flying Fortress crews planted
three 50-pound bombs on a Japanese
cruiser or large destroyer at Rabaul
in New Britain yesterday, while low-
flying Douglas Havocs forced the en-
emy to retire farther toward Mubo on
New Guinea.
The day saw Gen. Douglas Mac-
Arthur's men attacking Japanese
bases and positions along an are ex-
tending from Timor to New Britain.
The only enemy retaliation, the
noon communique added, was a light
raid over the Milne Bay area which
caused insignificant casualties.
After dropping a number of 500-
pound bombs on shipping at Rabaul,
the fortresses braved intense anti-
aircraft fire and dazzling searchlights
to blast the waterfront area.
In New Guinea allied planes made
morning and afternoon sweeps over
enemy territory, and "our air at-
tacks are forcing the enemy back
from his forward positions in the di-
rection of Mubo," the war bulletin

sons are in that kind of fight.
"While I would not postpone until
1944 fighting the enemy, I would
postpone until 1944 fighting among
ourselves. My plea is that we stop
fighting each other and start fight-
ing the enemy.
Tough Year in Store
"The coming year is going to be
the hardest, toughest year our gener-
ation has had to endure. But we can
make it, if we will, one of the most
glorious years in our history."
Urging support for price control
measures, Byrnes said
"Black markets do not give the
people food they would not otherwise
get. Black markets hold the people's
food for ransom."
Finns Asked'
To Qit War
Welles Advises Them
To Halt Aid to Nazis
WASHINGTON, Feb. 23.- (AP ~
The United States advised Finland
again today to withdraw from Ger-
many's war against Russia.
The advice was contained in a
carefully-worded statement made by
Undersecretary of State Sumner
Welles in reply to a question at his
press conference.
"Do you think the time is ap-
proaching," Welles was asked, "when
Finland should disassociate herself
from Germany's war against Rus-
The question was prompted by re-
cent renewed reports from Stockholm
that Finland was contemplating such
a step.
Welles replied that he thought the
position of the government and De-
partment of State had been made
very clear in past months.
In view of the very real friendship
and great measure of understanding
between Finns and Americans dur-
ing the past quarter century, he said.
it was only natural for the United
States Government to make it clear
that this country hoped the Govern-
ment of Finland would no longer
continue the policy of giving aid-
effective military aid to the mortal
enemies of the United States and the
United Nations.
50 Objectors Assigned
To Ypsilanti Hospital
LANSING, Feb. 23.-G'P)-The as-
3ignment of 50 conscientious objec-
tors to relieve a labor shortage at
the Ypsilanti State Hospital was an-
aounced today by the National Se-
'ective Service headquarters in a no-
tice to the State Hospital Commis-
Asserting the men are expected in
ibout two weeks, Chairman Fred C.
Striffler said he and Dr. O. R. Yoder
Ypsilanti superintendent, would be
riven an opportunity to select the
men personally.

Stalin Calls Reds
Army of Avengers
As German Grip
Is Broken in South
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Feb. 23.- The trium-
phant Red Army, spurred by Premier
Stalin's praise and exhortation to
drive the Germans from Russia
marked its 25th anniversary today by
accelerating its smash westward
through the Ukraine, recapturing
three important Nazi strnponts
along the route leading from Khar-
kov to Kiev.
Answering Stalin's order to give
the invaders no respite "the army of
avengers," as he termed them,
marched into Sumy, 100 miles north-
west of Kharkov, Akbyrka, 42 miles
to the south and Lebedin, about half-
way between them and 20 miles far-
ther west.
More of Ukraine Freed
Lebedin lies only 175 miles east of
Kiev, and the recapture of the three
towns, announced in a special com-
munique broadcast by Moscow and
recorded here by the Soviet Monitor,
marked advances of from 30 to 50
miles in the Red Army's continuing
offensive, freeing hundreds of square
miles more of the rich, productive
The special bulletin also an-
nounced the capture of the town of
Mala - Arkhangelsk, on the main
Kursk-Orel railway 40 miles south of
Orel, in an operation some distance
to the rear of the advance forces.
The Germans have continued to
hold Orel despite the fall of Kursk,
Kharkov and other points in their
old strong defense line, and despite
the fact that the Russians have
closed in from three sides and stand
only a little more than a score of
miles away.
Sumy, a provincial capital, lies "i
miles east and slightly south of K n-
otop and on a railway to that strong-
hold which appears to be the Soviet
Army's next big objective in that
50 Miles from Poltava
Capture of Akhtyrka carried the
Russians to a point 50 miles north-
east of the big town and rail junction
of Poltava. Soviet forces already had
advanced to within 50 miles of Pol-
tava from the southeast.
Twice-threatened Pdltava lies just
a little more than 50 miles from the
wide Dnieper River, a natural de-
fense line along which the Nazis may
elect to try to make a stand in this
The Russian Armies of the far
south meantime reported continued
advances, respectively west of Rostov
and southward toward the Azov Sea
in the continuing effort to throw up
an envelopment of German troops in
the lower Donets Basin.
Gandhi Grows
Steadily Worse
Indian Leader Ends
Second Week of Fast
POONA, India, Feb. 23.-()---Mo-
handas K. Gandhi completed the sec-
ond week of his planned three-weeks
fast tonight and all India anxiously
followed reports showing the 73-
year-old nationalist leader was grow-
ing steadily worse.
Authoritative sources said Gan-
dhi's physicians were keenly Con-
cerned now with the growing weak-
ness of his heart and kidneys.
(At New Delhi the latest attempt
to end the fast, made by Gandhi's
followers, combined with some Brit-

ish representatives, failed when Vic-
eroy Lord Linlithgow turned down
their compromise proposal.
(The conditions under which Gan-
dhi might end his fast-which had
not been yet put to the nationalist
(First, that the Viceroy send to
Poona an accredited representative
bringing proof of the Viceroy's con-
tention that Gandhi and his Indian
Congress Party were responsible for
the violence which broke out follow-

Decoy Soldiers and Wooden
Guns Protect' Lawmakers

Prof. Sharfman Leaves School
To Head New Mediation Board


Recognized as one of the country's,
outstanding authorities on railroad
economics and railroad regulation,
Prof. I. L. Sharfman, head of the
economics department, will leave the
University this week to take up his
duties as chairman of the newly
created Railroad Emergency Board.
Professor Sharfman has applied for
a leave of absence to devote his full
time to this work and continue in
his capacity as associate public mem-
ber of the National War Labor Board
and as public member of the NWLB's
regional board for Michigan.
On February 18, Professor Sharf-
man was named to the National Rail-
way Labor panel by President Roose-

a dispute between practically all the
railroads in the United States and
about 900,000 of their employes rep-
resented by 15 cooperating national
labor organizations," Professor Sharf-
man stated in an interview.
This dispute, involving wages and
salaries, was deadlocked in the ne-
gotiation stage and has since been
considered by the National Media-
tion Board with no settlement, Sharf-
man said.
The order creating the special
board indicates the nature of this
dispute. It said, "The dispute is such
that if unadjusted, even in the ab-
sence of a strike vote, it may inter-
fere with the prosecution of the war."

WASHINGTON, Feb.: 23. - UP) --
Grim, grey, anti-aircraft "guns,"
which have peeked skywards for
months from Congressional office
building roofs to provide "protection"
for the nation's lawmakers are made
of wood and manned by "decoy sol-
diers," it was disclosed today.
His curiosity piqued over just what
protection was being furnished Con-
gress, Representative Cooley (Dem.-
N.C.) climbed, unchallenged in ci-
vilian clothes, to the rooftop of its
new office building and discovered
the secret.
He told the House about it today
during discussion of a billion dollar
naval shore construction bill. Ex-
pressing the hope that none of the
money would be spent for the con-
struction of "painted ships upon a
painted ocean-or for wooden guns,"

sight," he complained, as the House
roared a mixture of amusement and
amazement. Later, he told newsmen
that the guns were "as wooden as
Charlie McCarthy."
The War Department, in response
to inquiries, said that use of dummy
gun positions - moved about fre-
quently-was a customary procedure
in preventing enemy agents from
gaining an accurate picture of ac-
tual defense installations.
"Dummy. gun positions, inter-
spersed among the active defense ele-
ments of a given area, are an in-
dispensable part of the normal de-
fensive measures in modern warfare,"
the Department said. "It is common
procedure to rotate artillery units

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