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February 17, 1943 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-02-17

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Warmer today.







Kharkov Status of V-5 Yet


Key German
Bastion Taken
By Red Army
Fall of Industrial City
Highlights A 375 Mile
Advance Westward
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Feb. 16.-Russian troops
in furious battle captured the sky-
scraper city of Kharkov today, top-
pling the most powerful Nazi base
in all southern Russia, and imperil-
ling all German forces in the whole
battle area east of the Dnieper River,
a special Soviet communique declared
toiight. '
The fall of the important industrial
center and former capital of the rich
Ukraine mared a 375-mile advance
west from Stalingrad since the Rus-
sian winter offensive began in No-
vember, and the most significant vic-
tWry for Soviet arms outside the tri-
umph at Stalingrad itself.
'violent Street ighting'
Red Army units occupied the city
aftr a "violent attack which passed
into fIerce street fighting," said the
eomuni ique as recorded by the So-
viet monitor.
In the final assault, Red Army men
rouited some of Hitler's best "SS" or
elite guard corps, including two-
the "Adolf Hitler" and "Reich" tank
divlsions-that the Russians say had
been rushed up from France since
Jan. 31.
The fall of Kharkov marked the
crumbling not onlyof the strongest
bastion of the Nazis' powerful 1941-42
winter, defensive line-from which
last summer's greatnGerman off en-
sive was mounted-but also the last
Turn to Page 2, Col. 5
F DR holds
Legislators Criticize
WASHINGTON, Feb. 16. - (/f) _
President Roosevelt charged today
that Congressmen who voted to abol-
ish the National Resources Planning
Board are spendthrifts, because their
action will cst the nation billions,
and legislators replied there had been
too much "super-boondoggling"' and
inefficient planning by bureaucrats.
The Chief Executive himself
brought up at a press conference the
denial by the House Appropriations
Committee of 1,400,000 asked for the
planning board, headed by his uncle,
Frederic A. Delano.
Smilingly, the President said he
was in a little publicized role of saver
of money and watchdog on the pock-
etbooks of the country.
Then, he went on to say the agency
was compiling a backlog of work
projects which could be started in
the post-war years when people would
be leaving jobs in war factories and
soldiers would be coming home. Ad-
vance preparation of engineering and
architectural details, he said, might
save billions of dollars in time and
Allied Bombers Hit
Lae and Salamana
AUSTRALIA, Feb. 17., Wednesday.-
(A)- Lae and Salamaua, the Jap-
held New Guinea bases on the Huon
Gulf, have taken a new aerial pasting

from the Allies without the slightest
bit of opposition from Jap fighter
Since the Papuan peninsula to the
south of these two bases fell to the

Navy Blasts l7Jap Ships
In Solomons Sea Battle

Associated Press Correspondent
WASHINGTON, Feb. 16. -
Sea-air actions spread over a 10-day
period cost the Japanese 17 ships
sunk or damaged against the loss of
two American vessels, the Navy re-
ported today in communiques which
finally fathomed the mystery of the
recent "vanishing battle of the Solo-
The American ships lost were the
12-year-old Chica'go, 9,050-ton heavy
cruiser, and an unidentified destroyer,
the name of which was not given out
because the next of kin of all casual-
ties have not bee'n notified. American
losses also included 22 planes.
In the same 10-day period covered
by the communiques, beginning Jan.
29, American troops were smashing all
enemy resistance on Guadalcanal
Aerial torpedoes from Jap planes
Is Denounced.
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Feb. 16.-A "work
or fight" warning was issued today
by the House Naval Committee as it
moved to crack down on absenteeism
among civilian workers in govern-
ment navy yards.
The committee tacked on to a mi-
nor bill a rider requiring navy yards
to turn over to local selective service
boards the name of each employe
who has been "absent without prior
authorization" along with an opinion
on whether the absence was "justi-
Rep. Lyndon Johnson ( Dem.-Tex.),
sponsor of the amendment, in term-
ing it a "work-or-fight" warning,
made it, clear that it was only the
intial step to stop absenteeism "which
is delaying construction of naval ves-
He served notice that he would in-
troduce tomorrow a separate bill,
requiring all contractors and sub-
contractors engaged in naval work
to report the names of absent work-
ers to the Selective Service boards.
The boards then, under the terms
of his proposal, would be instructed
to determine whether those absent
workers are entitled to further defer-
ment from duty in the armed forces.
Chairman Vinson (Dem.-Ga.) of
the naval committee said that the
House probably would act sometime
next week on the minor bill and the
rider approved today.
Johnson's new bill, however, proo-
ably will be presented to the Naval
Committee for public hearings to de-
termine how far absenteeism is af-'
fecting war production.
Vinson declared that, subject to
the will of the House, the Johnson
bill could be widened through an
amendment offered on the floor to
cover all workers engaged in war

first damaged the Chicago and next
day, while she was being towed to
port, another torpedo plane attack
sank her. The skipper, Captain Ralph
Otis Davis, 52, of Baltimore, Md., and
most of the crew survived.
The Japanese losses in the 10-day
period were two destroyers sunk, four
probably sunk, eight damaged and a
corvette and two cargo ships dam-
aged. The enemy suffered these blows
in attacks by American planes except
for one engagement which was a!
fight between American torpedo boats
and a Jap destroyer. Enemy losses in-
cluded at least 63 planes destroyed.I
Two U. S. Ships Lost
Today's first communique covered!
the seven days of Jan. 29 through
Feb. 4 and told of the loss of the two
American ships and the successful,
actions against 15 enemy vessels.
A second communique in late after-
noon' reported that dauntless dive
bombers in a Feb. 7 attack on an
enemy surface force near Rendove
Island in the Central Solomons had
scored hits on two enemy destroyers.
The bombers with their fighter escort
also, knocked down two and possibly
three Jap Zero fighters which tried
to protect the surface force.
But most interest in naval circles
here developed upon the actions of
January 19-February 4, for that was
the period fo which the Navy had said
two weeks ago today that a "major
effort" by the Japanese to retaket
Guadalcanal was "indicated."
Only 'Skirmishing' Reported
This "major effort" report was first
played down by Secretary Knox who
told a press conference that only
skirmishing was in progress. Subse-
quent communiques told of "recurrent
encounters" and "sporadic actions"
and finally let the whole subject drop. s
The battle simply vanished from pub-
lic view as far as the offical reports
were concerned. ,e
Brown Against
Appeasement on.
Price Cotrol ;
WASHINGTON, Feb. 16.- P)- t
Prentiss Brown, the new price admin-
istrator, declared tonight he wanted
to "flatly and vigorously" deny any
impression that he fIavored appease- I
ment on price control and asserted n
there should be no surrender to those t
seeking to break farm parity prices
and wage stabilization policies.a
The former Michigan senator, int
an address prepared for delivery overt
the Columbia Broadcasting System,t
asked for the people's support of price I
stabilization measures and said if pri-f
ces could be held at present levels the
savings to the government and thet
public would exceed $100,000,000,000
by the end of 1943. This, he said,
would be almost three times the cost
to the government of World War I. f

U ii SSULIA nil s Ta ke Kharkov
' .. . TATUT[ MttfES
{ > 7A nNc KA \AT R/
/ HEc s t£RK.ASSK ® R


' LW eterne

Complete Facts Issued on NROTC;
Many To Complete Advanced Training
Navy college reserves- V-1 and V-7- and the Navy Reserve Officers'
Training Corps will go on active duty about July 1, 1943.
This information was received from the Navy yesterday by Capt. Richard
Cassidy, commandant of the NROTC here.
No specific details of V-1 and V-7 programs were given, but as part of
the Navy College Program, plans will be revealed before July 1. No orders
were given to Class V-5, the Navy's air corps reserve.
(The American Council on Education, an agency of educators which has
often advised the Navy and War Departments on college programs said on
Feb. 4 that "qualifying examinations for V-1 reservists will be given this
spring and the exact date will be announced shortly.")


Se of TARS
a .
.....TAM A N
, . / K FRCH
) M FEROPOL '... ...... RASNOOAR
*Back Sea: r:.



The taking of Kharkov by the Russian Armies, marks the third.
large city that the Soviet forces have taken in the last three weeks.
Kharkov, the foremost industrial city of the Ukraine, was first cap-
tured by the Germans four months after they invaded Russia. Shad-
ed area is territory where Germans are being pushed westward.
AnniiaI Smoker Don ghton Poses
Will isly Plan .o Cancel
U' Activities Half of '43 Taxes

En.-ip asis Will E
Placed on Students'
Role in War Effort

Cancellation Would
Reduce Government
Assets by 6' 2 Billion

The alarm-clack, scourge of all WASHINGTON, Feb. 16. - (A) -
tudents, will play its traditional role i Chairman Doughton (Dem.-N.C.) was
at the sixth annual Activities Smok- reported reliably today to have sub-
er at 8 p.m. tomorrow) when it mitted to the House Ways and Means

Yank Forces
Throw Nazis
Back 6 Miles
Tanks, Combat Teams
Counterattack in
Action West of Faid
NORTH AFRICA, Feb. 16.-()-
American tank forces and combat
teams, rising to their first great test
of the war, threw back the veteran
armored forces of Marshal Erwin
Rommel six miles today in a counter-
attack west of Faid Pass on the an-
cient pleateau of Central Tunisia.
Recovering from the shock of Rom-
mel's first onslaught which broke
through their lines for a gain of 20
miles Sunday, the Americans, under
an umbrella of fighter planes, were
engaged in a heavy action whicb
might hasten the North Africian
showdown by weeks.
Some 60 miles to the South, the
Allied lines were bent back as
American and French troops with-,
drew from Gafsa, 75 miles west of
the Gulf of Gabes, and small force,,
of the enemy occupied that forwarc'
base, but the decisive action was being
fought around Sidi Bouzid about 12f
miles south and slightly west of Tunis
There were signs that the German:
might renew the attack with an ad-
ditional thrust down the OusseltiF
Valley to gain the long ridge of tht
high mountains running from Robas
to Bou Chebka in the south.
General Dwight D. Eisenhower war
at the fighting front for three days
returning to his headquarters today.
Rommel apparently had thrown th(
bulk of his armored forces into the
battle in what may be his last big of-
fensive effort in Africa at a time
when he believed the British eighth
army would require an extensive per-
iod of rest and reconditioning fol-
lowing its 1,400-mile chase across
Egypt and Libya into Tunisia.
But the communique from Caire
today said Gen. Sir Bernard L. Mont-
Turn to Page 2, Col. 3


ings to mark the end of the three CommittE
minutes allowed each speaker to tell lation of
about the organization he represents. come tax
Emphasizing this year functions 000.000 t
which will aid the University in its go basis.
war effort, the Smoker is intended Such
o acquaint second semester freshmen around"
and sophomores with the various ac- j timates.
ivities on campus. certain a
Leaders of the organizations will be persons r
ntroduced by Richard Ford, '44, taxes wi
'abated p
president of the Union, followed by full were
movies of a Michagamua initiation. The pr
Students will then inspect the booths a commit
and displays set up by each organiza- mittee so
ion, and refreshmeits will be served. fdavor i
An award of money will be made for avor
the most attractive booth. Erwin A. much ta
Larson, '45, is chairman of the af-
fair.in the el
famr . lection f
Speakers, and the organizations The R
the ywillrepresent are Keith L. Smith. out $1,00
43, Michigan Technic; David F. treasury
Striffler, '44, Union; Marvin Borman, dolph Pa
45, Manpower Corps; .. Frederick Paul sai
Hoffman, '44, Congress; Vaughan G. $10,000,0
Koppin, '43, Varsity Glee Club; John
A. Erlewine, '43, Daily editorial staff;
Edward J. Perlberg, '43 Daily businessT
staff; Burnett H. Crawford, '44, Wol-Jas
verines: Donald G. Longworth, '45E,
Alpha Phi Omega. Boy Scout service 1t
fraternity; John W. Farver, '43E In-
ter-Fraternity Council; and Donald
A. Bushet,'45, Gargoyle."Amer

ee a suggestion for cancel-
half of 1943 individual in-
:es to facilitate putting 44,-
axpayers on a pay-as-you-
a cancellation would erase
6,500,000,000 of government
according to Treasury es-
The plan would require a
amount of "doubling-up" by
paying more than one year's
thin a year, until the un-
ortion of 1943 and 1942 in
roposition was submitted At
ttee executive session, a com-
ource reported, and was un-
to have gained substantial
mmediately among the 25
now trying to decide how
xes, if any, should be abated
hange-over to a current col-
obertson proposal would wipe
00,000,000 to $8,000,000,000 of
"assets," according to Ran-
aul, treasury general counsel.
d the Ruml plan would erase
00,000 of "assets."

But complete plans for the NR OTC
were announced. Here they are:
1. The NROTC will continue under
the Navy College F Program "in sub-
stantially the same manner as at
2. NROTC men in class V-1 will be
placed on active duty about July 1.
Receiving apprentice seamen's pay
and allowances, they Mill complete
their advanced course.
3. NROTC now enlisted in V-1 may
apply for reserve midshipmen's ap-
pointments and, if accepted, they will
be placed on inactive duty until
about July 1.
NROTC Seniors Become Ensigns
4. NROTC Men who graduate be-
fore July 1 will be commissioned as
ensigns in the Naval Reserve.
5. Those who leave school before
July 1 will be given the option of dis-
charge from the Naval Reserv or
active duty in an enlisted status.
6. All NROTC men in school on
July 1 will become apprentice seamen
in Class V-12-a new classification,
presumably, for men in the Navy
College Program.
7. Beginning March 1, 1944 NROTC
men will be selected from Navy Col-
lege Program seamen who have had
two-four month semesters. They will
continue in NROTC for four more
mouth semesters.
Curriculum Unchanged
8. The communication does nothing
to affect the curriculum or time of
training of present NROTC members;
"they will receive the same instruc-
tion as originally planned on the ac-
.elerated schedule."
Original plans for the Navy Col-
lege Program, announced with a par-
rallel Army Specialized Training Pro-
gram on Dec. 17, advised V-1 and V-7
of the number of semesters of train
ng they would complete. The length
of time was based on standing at
July 1.
Here is the schedule of training:
1. Men with seven completed sem-
esters of college will be permitted to
finish one more semester.
2. Men with six or five completed
semesters will be permitted to finish
two more semesters.
Two-Semester Men To Finish
3. Men with four completed semes-
ters will be allowed to finish three
more semesters.
4. Men with three or two completed
semesters will be permitted to finish
four more semesters.
5. Men with one completed Semester
will be permitted to finish five more
College training for reservists after
July 1 will be under the Navy College
Program and will consist of prescribed
courses. There has been no announced
change of these plans.

Four Students Given Manpower
Corps Executive Committee Posts

cha Heifetz Sees Optimistic
ore for American Composition

Appointments to four Manpower
Corps executive committee posts were
announced yesterday by Mary Bor-
man, Manpower Corps chairman.
Those receiving the promotions
were : Warren Watts, '45, Herb Rosen-
crans, '45, Norman Shumway, '45, and
Bill Buckey, '45. All worked as mem-
bers of the various project committees
during the past semester and were
elevated to chairmanships as a re-
sult of "their ability and active inter-
est," Borman said.
Watts will serve as the head of the
Oilm ..41n .. CP rnmmir tt wh c h

Grounds department on their new
factory division.
Buckey's duties will center around
the University Hospital. Supplying
orderlies and other workers for medi-
cal centers will be the main work of
this committee.
Richard Cole, '44, and Clarence
Carlson, '43, will continue their duties
as publicity director and office man-
At the same time, Borman an-
nounced that men will be needed at
the beginning of next week to pick
nrim And cmmwna on npnr-hv farms-

ican composers given spirit-

ual inspiration from their difficulties
FJ)R eappone4ifs of the depression can go far in writing
truly great music . . . especially if they
f, uth ten 10 JAOari dare realistically impressed with the
horrors of the present war."
President Alexander G. Ruthven re- Barely smiling, relieving the ten-
ceived word yesterday that he sion of last night's Choral Union con-
had been reappointed by President cert with a hastily lit cigarette,
Roosevelt a member of the Board of Jascha Heifetz spoke optimistically of
Visitors to the U. S. Naval Acamedy the future of American music.
for 1943. "Music," he said, "is not born from a
Secretary of the Navy, Frank Knox; comfortable life." Now is the time for
who Pnnouneedr the a nnintment in a mnnsitinns- a time when music can

He contended that Gershwin has done
this and therefore his "Rhapsody in
Blue" is rapidly becoming a classic.
Heifetz also believes that Americar
composers can gain much if they wil
build their music an the Negro spirit.
uals. Suddenly flicking the ashes from
his cigarette, Heifetz emphatically af-
firmed this statement. There is ir
this folk music of America a ful
wealth of material. Here is a foca.
point of composition he said.
"Russia and America will probabl;
be the leading countries in the com-
nosition of music. It a rivalry shoulc


Draft To Take
Married Men
LANSING, Feb. 16.-- (P)-- With
March scheduled as the first month
for drafting married men in large
numbers, state Selective Service
headquarters today offered counsel to
fhni n -rl of an -nni a n .

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