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May 08, 1943 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-05-08

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iMl IIN I r
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Weather
Cooler

VOL. LI No. 160 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MAY 8, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Workers Go
On Strike at
Captive Mine
1,400 Employes Walk
Out To Protest Fine
By Jones-Laughlin

N

Army To Take Medical,
Dental Students by June
Over 400 Professional Commissioied en
Affected; May Return To Finish Schooling

x

PITTSBURGH, May 7.- (/P)- In
the first coal mine work stoppage
since the government took over the
mines Saturday, the 1,400 employes
of the largest captive mine of the
Jones and Laughling Steel Corpora-
tion went on strike late today.
The walkout occurred not long
after President Roosevelt implied at
his Washington press conference
that miners now are not free to
strike, since they are employes of
the government.
About the same time, John P.
Busarello, President of United. Mine
Borkers District 5, announced there
*ould be no work in the mines of his
district after midnight, May 18, un-
less a contract has been signed.
lDiiers Protest Five
'the Jones and Laughlin miners
struck in protest against efforts of
the corporation to levy a $5 fine
against participants in last week's
walkout.
' A spokesman for the company said
it' invoked the penalty clause in its
contract which provides a $1-a-day
fe'for miners taking part in an
ipauthorized strike. He said the
comnpany was imposing the fine only
_ for the .unauthorized .stoppage from
April 26 to 30, inclusive, and not for
May 1 and 3, when there was no con-
ttact. The extended contracts in the
Apalachian region expired at mid-
night, April 30, bringing about the
general coal strike.
Union Opposes Strike
Busarello, saying the new walkout
at the company's Vesta No. 4 Mine at
California, Pa., was unsanctioned,
announced he sent a number of
tnion officials there with the pur-
/ pose of "getting the morning shift
┬░back into the pits."
The decision not to work after
May 18 without a contract was
reached at the leeting of the UMW
Board of District 5, which includes
about 38,000 of Western Pennsyl-
vania's 117,000 soft coal miners.
In Washington, a spokesman for
Secretary Ickes who has taken over
control of the mines at the direction
c4 President Roosevelt, said Ickes
had noe been informed officially that
a strike was in progress at Jones and
Laughlin and that there was no com-
ment as to what course Iskes would
pursue if the miners failed to return
to work.
Petitioning for
Men 's Judiciary
Council Begins
Offices of President,
Secretary Are Open
:To All Upperclassmen
Petitioning started today to select
a new president and secretary for the
Men's Judiciary Council for the com-
ing year.
The graduation of Bill Sessions,
president, and Bill MacRitchie, sec-
retary, caused the vacancies at the
half term.
Any upperclassman in the Univer-
sity is eligible to petition for the po-
sitions and all petitions must be de-
posited in the Office of the Dean of
Students by Tuesday noon, Sessions
stated..
Interviews are scheduled for 4:30
p.m. Tuesday in the Dean's office to
which all petitioners are asked to at-
tend.
"The petitioners should take the
form of a written statement showing
the man's qualifications for the po-
sition,". Sessions said.
The Men's Judiciary Council is

The 365 men in the Medical School
and the 156 men in the Dental School
will be inducted and placed on active
Army duty by June 30, a War De-
partment bulletin declared yesterday.
This order affects only those pro-
fessional students who now hold in-
active commissions in the Army
Medical Administrative Corps.
According to the bulletin, those
men so enlisted will be ordered to
duty at the end of the academic per-
ied terminating between April 15 and
June 30.
Semester To End June 1
The current semester in both the
Medical and Dental Schools will end
by June 1.
The order affects 24,000 students
in the nation-approximately 500 on
this campus.
The specific orders for induction
will be issued in this area by the
Sixth Service Command in Chicago
and will be transmitted 15 days after
the end of the current semester.
Of the 521 professional men on
campus approximately 80 per cent
held commissions in the Army Medi-
cal Administratice Corps. The Army
directive "invited" these men to re-
sign their commissions before May
15.
According to the plan for profes-
sional trainung these men would then
be enrolled in the Army Enlisted Re-
serve Corps and all would be ordered
back to their own schools.
Chance for ASTP
Preprofessional men who do not
hold reserve commissions and who
are inducted through Selective Ser-
vice channels subsequent to June 30
will be given an opportunity to be
selected under the Army Specialized
Training Program to continue their
training.
The bulletin stated that men of
this class who acheived a grade of
115 or better on the Army Classifica-
tion test would berconsidered for
further training under the ASTP.
It is expected that the men who
are inducted as a result of this new
order will be sent back to the school
where they are now matriculating,
Bomber Fund
To Launch Last
Drive Monday
$500 in Contributions
Needed To Meet Quota
Of $15,000 for Term
Launching a last-minute campaign
to achieve its goal of $15,000 in war
bonds for the current semester, the
Bomber Scholarship Fund will open
an intensive drive Monday for $500 in
contributions in order to meet its
quota.
With $11,100 in cash needed to
purchase the requisite number of
bonds, the Bomber Fund total at
present reaches $7,700 in cash, with
contributions pledged, but not yet
turned in, expected to raise the sum
to within $500 of its goal, according
to Coral De Priester, '43, chairman of
the Bomber Scholarship Committee.
'Important Project'
The one-week drive, from May 10-
May 17, will ask for contributions for
what has been called by Dean Walter
B. Flea "the most important of the
several war projects now being sup-
ported by the students of the Uni-
versity."
Money donated will be used to
purchase war bonds toward the
Fund's eventual goal of $100,000 in
war bonds before the war is over. Af-
ter the war the money realized from
these bonds will be used to provide
scholarships for all University stu-
dents, men and women, who have
attended the University for at least
two semesters before entering the

Armed Forces of the United States,
nr, ..i, . r ....vn a .. m ha ,.m + i

if that school has been accepted by f
the ASTP as a training center.
The University has been approved
for medical, and dental training by
the ASTP examining board.
Men sent back to school for
training from the Enlisted Reserve
Corps will not bee required to take
Army basic training.
Navy Gives Similar
Orders to Reserves
Similar orders placing dental and
medical students on active duty who
now hold reserve commissions in the
Navy were received last week, Dr. R.
W. Bunting, Dean of the School of
Dentistry, said yesterday.
These men were asked to relin-
quish their commissions by May 15
and prepare for Navy induction about
July 1. The Navy announcement de-
clared that professional men now in
training would be sent back to their
own school for completion of their
courses.
'Yank Troops
Build New Base
In Aleutians
Arichitaka Field Is
70 Miles from Kiska;
Knox Praises Advance
WASHINGTON, May 7. - (A) -
American troops have put inot oper-
ation a new airbase on Amchitka
Island only 70 miles east of Kiska,
and Secretary Knox said today this
advance into the Western Aleutians
is a new blow in America's program
of "aggressive, offensive war."
The Navy Chief declined to be
drawn into speculation as to the
uses of the new base-including the
possibility that it might be a take-
off place for bombings against Tokyo
itself-but he said "the military sit-
uation up there in the Aleutians has
certainly been improved."
Knox referred also to an American
base on Adak Island, 212 nautical
miles from Kiska, occupied by the
United States last October.
The troops that occupied Amchit-
ka, their landings drenched with the
icy waters of the North Pacific, took
over the five-mile-wide island, only
a few minutes' flying time from the
Japanese base at Kiska, on Jan. 12.
The airbase was put into operation
Feb. 16 after eight light bombing
attacks by enemy planes.

Meat, Cofofee,
Butter Prices
To Be Slashed
Governimen IOrders
10 Per cent Reduction;
To Be Effective ,Jue 1.
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 7.-In a far-
reaching wartime policy move, the
government today ordered a 10 per-
cent reduction in prices of meats,
coffee and butter, and arranged to
subsidize their production, if nec-
essary.
The meat price cuts, effective June
1, apply specifically to beef, veal,
pork, lamb and mutton. Any subsi-
dies to producers will be paid by the
Reconstruction Finance Corporation.
Price Administrator Prentiss Brown
announced the decision which meant
abandonment of the government's
efforts to control retail prices solely
by price ceilings.
Almost simultaneously with his an-
nouncement, the War Labor Board
issued a statement saying it had
asked the White House for clarifica-
tion of the President's hold-the-line
order against inflation, but that its
request had nothing to do with any
change in the Little Steel wage for-
mula.
What these points are was not dis-
closed, but the statement said the
Board "unanimously believes that
these points can be clarified within
the framework of a realistic and ef-
fective wage .stabilization. program
which is in full harmony with the
Administration's determination to
roll back the cost of living."
Without such clarification, the
Board said, the hold-the-line order
is unworkable.
Turnkto Page 2, Col. 4
Local Blackout
Is Successful
Ann Arbor disappeared from the
map for ten minutes last night when
a total blackout put the city com-
pletely in the dark.
According to Police Chief Sher-
man H. Mortenson, commander of
the city defense corps, the blackout
was very successful. Compared to
the last blackout there were few
violations.
The blackout was the first at-
tempted using the new system of a
"blue" period, when all non-essential
lights are turned off in order to cut
down sky glow followed by shriek-
ing alarms which notify the city that
the "red" period indicating total
blackout has begun.
Chief Mortenson stated that the
new system worked very well and
that there did not seem to be much
confusion concerning the meanings
of the signals.

Victorious Chief

Pictured above is Gen. Sir Har-
old Alexander, commander-in-
chief of all ground forces under
Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower. Before
the assault began Alexander told
his troops: "The eyes of the world
are on you, and the hopes of those
at home. Forward then to victory;"
Senate Finance
Committee Vote
To Skip a Year
13 to 6 Approval Is
1 Sin .hing Victory for
R unl Plan Supporters
WASHINGTON, May 7.-(P)-In a
smashing victory for Ruml Plan sup-
porters, the Senate Finance Commit-
tee voted 13 to 6 today to adopt the
principle of abating a full year's tax,
in installing pay-as-you-go revenue
collection.
The committee voted to lay aside
the House-approved current collec-
tiOn bill and use the "skip a year"
plan as a basis for legislation expect-
ed to parallel closely the Ruml-Carl-
son bill rejected by four votes in the
House.
Chairman George (Dem.-Ga.) an-
nounced, however, that some of those
who favored forgiving a full year's
tax stipulated that adequate provi-
sion must be made to prevent "wind-
fall" gains to those in the upper in-
come brackets who have benefitted
by war profits. It was with this un-
derstanding that the committee
adopted the 100 per cent tax forgive-
ness motion made by Senator Clark
(Dem. Mo.)
George voted against the motion,
alongwith four other Democrats-
Barkley of Kentucky, Connally of
Turn to Page 2, Col. 6
World New s
Itt rief .

Axis Armies Flee
FromKey Cities
Allied War Plaics Slash Relentlessly
At Retreating German, Italian Troops
By EDWARD KENNEDY
Associated Press Correspondent -
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA, May 7.-- Tunis
and Bizerte were captured in mid-afternoon today by triumphant Allied
troops striking in overwhelming force by land and by air
The naval base in the north fell to the American doughboys at 4:15
p.m. (12:15 p.m. EWT) and the capital was conquered five minutes later
by British First Army troops in the blazing coordinated drives climaxing
two days of fierce battle.
Roads from both cities were choked tonight with German and
Italian troops and tanks and trucks fleeing to the coastal hills
below Bizerte, and to Cap Bon Peninsula.
Allied war planes pounded and slashed relentlessly at the retreating
columns.
Rear guard troops still were fighting in the capital but fierce strug-
gles on the outskirts of cities failed to halt the Allied drive to destroy
the Axis in Africa.
The Axis armies thus were crushed in their two main African bases
six months after the Allies swarmed ashore in North Africa and on the
eve of "Joan of Arc Day."
Thus collapsed the Axis defenses throughout North Tunisia
except for strong elements still entrenched in the hills betweenthe
plain of Tunis and Enfidaville in positions already menaced by
the British Eighth Army.
The two cities were conquered in the mightiest offensive of the
African war, in a shattering final drive that raced through crumbling
German positions.
At 9 p.m., headquarters announced that fighting still was continu-
ing inside both cities, but the remaining resistance was expected to be
wiped out soon.
This last-ditch defen. apparently was designed to. give the fleeing
bulk of the enemy a chance to escape to the hills of the Cap Bon Penin-
sula in the northeast.
Large numbers of prisoners were taken in both cities and in the
fighting outside.
Gen. Henri Giraud immediately named Gen. Charles Mast as
Resident General of France in Tunisia.
American units plunged nine miles to Bizerte and British First
Army forces advanced 14 miles in the fiercest kind of fighting today to
capture the cities.
The Americans of the Second Corps encountered terrific opposition
in their push to Bizerte, but after taking Ferryville at 1 pn. today, the
Yank columns converged upon the naval base in a tremendous drive by
armor and infantry.
In the final battle before Tunis, British armor and infantry smashed
the positions which the Germans had hastily erected. The Germans
fought fiercely there.
Just before the break into Tunis itself the British had taken Le
Bardo, home of the Bey of Tunis, but it has not yet been determined
whether the Bey was there or was taken to the continent by the Ger-
mans, who had elevated him to "King of Tunisia."
Allied air forces were again complete masters of the skies today.
The Axis air force was almost non-existent.
American and British airmen pounded thousands of bombs
upon the retreating enemy, smashing explosives along the congested
roads of retreat full of men and trucks and tanks, with vehicles
often bumper to bumper.
Crack German troops were among the units that fell back before
the Allied onslaught.
Airmen who struck at shipping in the Straits of Sicily saw a num-
ber of boats carrying Axis troops across to Sicily, indicating that a
partial evacuation was being attempted, but it was on a small scale.
A large percentage of the ships were being sunk. It now seems most
probable that the Axis cannot attempt a large scale evacuation.
With their smashing victories the Allied troops had fulfilled the
promise of Gen. Sir Harold Alexander, Commander-In-Chief of all
ground forces under Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, that they would "drive
the enemy into the sea."
Alexander told his troops in an order of the day before the assault
began:
"You did your duty and now you are about to reap its full
reward. The eyes of the world are on you, and the hopes of those at
home. Forward then to victory!"
To French troops, who fought valiantly in the drive upon Bizerte
and in battles to the south, General Giraud addressed an order of the
day declaring that "on Joan of Arc Day-May 8-Tunis has been lib-
erated, Bizerte has been set free.
"Honor to the British Army, honor to the American Army. Honor
to you soldiers of France who fought without arms, without clothes,

without boots, but who believed in victory and the vanquished.
"Thank you for what you have accomplished, for Tunisia, for
France, for liberty.
"Thanks to youthe French Army has restored its position in the
great sun of glory and will never more relinquish it.
"Forward to victory!"
General Mast, whom Giraud named Resident General of Tunisia,
is a DeGaullist, and his appointment therefore is considered a move
towards conciliation of French political elements. He now is in Beirut,
Lebanon, recovering from injuries suffered in an accident, and Gen.
Alphonse Juin, commander of French troops in the field, will assume his
duties temporarily.
The final lap of this campaign in the north--now well into its
third week-became a race between the Americans for Bizerte and
I th eritish for Tunis in a highly-coordinated plan in which the

FIFTY YEAR FINALE:
Concerts Today Will Conclude
Golden Jubilee May Festival

The Golden Jubilee May Festival
which has marked fifty years of
musical progress in Ann Arbor will
be brought to a close today with thej
presentation of two concerts, one at
2:30 p.m. and the other at 8:30 p.m.,
in Hill Auditorium.
Brailowsky To Play
Featuring the world famous Rus-
sian pianist, Alexander Brailowsky,
the afternoon concert will consist en-
tirely of Russian music. The program
will be opened with an Oriental Fan-
tasy from "Islamey" by Balakiroff-
Casella. This will be followed by the
Fifth Symphony of Shostakovich and
the Tchaikovsky Piano Concerto with
Brailowsky as soloist.
Brailowsky is regarded as one of
the greatest living interpreters of
Chopin. Ten times he has undertaken
the tremendous task of presenting
the antiP 1 9mworIr of this cnmnoer

en by the late Dr. Albert A. Stanley,
founder of the May Festival, for a
performance at the closing concert of
the First May Festival. It has been
given at intervals during the inter-
vening years.
The four soloists who have been
chosen for the roles are all major
performers from the Metropolitan
Opera Association and were specially
selected for this work. Conductor
Eugene Ormandy has declared that
this quartet is "one of the finest
which ever essayed the roles of Ver-
di's Requiem."'
Concert Stars Appear
The members of this Festival quar-
tet include Stella Roman, Rouman-
ian soprano, who during her two
years at the Metropolitan has great
distinction; Kerstin Thorborg,
Scandinavian operatic star who will
sing the contralto role; Frederick
T--- Arn_ i- fn v.. h.. hoc-ro_

Allied Bombing Raids
Hi Enemxn in Guineas
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
AUSTRALIA, May 8 (Saturday)-P)
-Allied bombers heavily raided Ba-
bo, Dutch New Guinea, and New
Guinea, yesterday, the High Com-
mand announced.
Babo lies deep within the 100-mile
long Maccluer Gulf of Dutch New
Guinea, approximately 700 miles
above Darwin.
Reds Declare Poles Acted
I Under Pro-Nazi Influence
MOSCOW, May 7. -(,)- Soviet
Russia accused the Polish govern-
ment-in-exile today of having acted
"under the influence of Pro-Hitler
elements" and declared that some of
its representatives now in London
had conducted espionage in Russia.
Rode Ifnoi Or Cht AnothItr-

.I

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