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May 05, 1943 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-05-05

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VOL. LIII No. 157 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MAY 5, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Baccaloni Opens
Golden Jubilee
Festival Today
Philadelphia Symphony Orchestra
Under Direction of Eugene Ormandy
Returns With Metropolitan Stars
Singing five of his favorite arias, Salvatore Baccaloni, comic basso-buffo
ot the Metropolitan Opera Company, will appear in the opening concert of
the Golden Jubilee May Festival at 8:30 p.m. tonight in Hill Auditorium.
The concert will be opened by the Philadelphia Symphony Orchestra
under the direction of Eugene Ormandy. They will present Beethoven's
Overture to "Lenore," No. 3 which opened the First May Festival fifty years
ago.
The orchestra will also present the Bach Sinfonia for Double Orchestra
and a modern symphony by Paul Creston. The concert will be brought to a
close with the "Three-Cornered Hat"' * * *
by deFalla Opens May Festival
Baccaloni will present selections
from operas in which he has often
appeared because of popular de-.
niand. He will open the concert with j
"Ra Calumnia" from the "Barber of
Seville" by Rossini, and this will be
followed by "La Vendetta" from the
"Marriage of Figaro" by Mozart.
Presents Three Numbersf
Later in the concert Baccaloni will
again appear to present three more .t:'*4-r..
wumbers. These will be "Madamina"
from "Don Giovanni" by Mozart,
"Vdite, udite, O Rustici" from "Elixir
oLove" by Donizetti and "The Siege
of Kazan" from "Boris Godounoff">
by oussorgsky.
Baccaloni has said that he keeps
his weight at 300 pounds because he
owes it to his public. He also says
that he will sing for ten more years 4
and then retire. His wife assists him w
11 keeping his ponderous figure bys
preparing special foods of her native SALVATORE BACCALONI
Bulgaria. ... famed basso buffo
ireIsler Appears Tomorrow
Baccaloni was born in Italy, and
as a boy served as chorister in theF
BStie ,Chapl at-'the Vatican. He i vy Fo ge
ade his operatic debut in Bologna I k
and was first heard at the Metro- NL k
pplitan Dec. 3, 1940. He has also , .
appeared with the Chicago and San
'rincisco Opera Companies. a
'omorrow's concert will be high-
lighted by Fritz Kreisler who will U.S. Occupies Russell
play Mendelssohn's Concerto in E Islands; Sinks Six
minor, Op. 64. In honor of Dr.
Albert A. Stanley and Dr. Frederick Japanese Vessels
Stock, the University Choral Union,
Frederick Jagel, Metropolitan tenor, WASHINGTON, May 4.- ()- In
and Palmer Christian will join to- WASIN , Ma 4.- (IP)e
gether to present Stanley's "Laus rapid-fire order, the United States
fleo" and Stock's "A Psalmodic Navy described today how its forces
Rhapsody." had forged a new link in a far-flung
chain of advance basesmenacing
1Russian Attacks Japan's Pacific empire, had sunk six
""ia A Japanese vessels in submarine forays
and had put a superior Japanese sur-
n IK uban A rea face force to flight in a north Pacific
encounter.
.e ng en I The developments:
1. American occupation of the
Russell Islands, which guard the ex-
By The Associated Press posed flank of Guadalcanal in the
.LONDON, May 5, (Wednesday)- Solomons-a likely preliminary to

6-Day Week
Orderedfor
Coal Mines
Wage Controversy Still
Deadlocked; Hearings
To Resume Thursday
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 4.- An order
for a six-day week in all coal mines
was issued today by Fuels Adminis-
trator Ickes, while the miners' wage
controversy appeared to be as dead-
locked as ever despite general re-
sumption of production under a 15-I
day truce.
Ickes, government boss of the
mines, ordered the six-day week to
assure, he said, that coal output
meets needs of war industries. Some
labor men took the view that its
assurance of overtime pay for miners
opened an avenue for John L. Lewis,
the United Mine Workers' chieftain,
to retreat from his present wage de-
mands, but others minimized its im-
portance. Operators' representatives
and officials in Ickes' office said that
most mines have been on a six-day
week for some time.
Lewis Withholds Comment
Lewis himself had no comment
immediately.
Meantime, with virtually all the
miners back at work, the War Labor
Board announced hearings would be
resumed Thursday by the panel it
appointed to find the facts of the
soft coal wage dispute. The same
panel was directed also to inquire
into the anthracite dispute.
Hearings were stopped when the
board referred the case to the White
House last week after it became clear
a general work stoppage was in pros-
pect.
Thus far, Lewis and the UMW
have failed to send representatives
to the hearings but the board has
proceeded without them.
WLB to Act
At a press conference today Presi-
dent Roosevelt strongly indicated
that he considered the dispute to be
within the domain of the War Labor
Board.
Asked whether the negotiations
were in the hands of WLB, he replied
that all you have to do is read the
law on that point.
"What law?" a reporter inquired.
He said he meant his executive
order and the law under which the
whole thing was set up last October.
But he gave no further specifications.
Explosion Kills
13 TWiorkers;e
Injures Scores
ELKTON, Md., May 4. -(A)- A
shattering explosion, followed by fire
among buildings of the Triumph Ex-
plosives, Inc., caused the death of
at least 13 workers today with scores
injured and indications that the toll
of lives mount with investigation.
Plant officials announced a few
hours after the blast that 13 were
known dead, while estimate of the
loss of life in information available
from the Army ran as high at 25.
Likewise, Triumph executives said 60
had been injured with other official
estimates setting the total hurt as
high at 125.
Fire broke out immediately after
the blast shook Elkton, famed as
Maryland's GretnapGreen, in;mid-
afternoon and spread to nearby

buildings, causing additional damage.
Benjamin F. Pepper, Triumph
Company President, said the Army,
Navy and Federal Bureau of Investi-
gation officials quickly took over di-
rection of relief work and check as
to cause of the blast. Outsiders were
barred from the area and only relief
workers- admitted.

U.S., French Troops Press Within
Heavy Artillery Range of Bizerte;
Lt.-Gen. Andrews Dies in Crash

- <t ,

Famous Flying
General Directed
All U.S. Forces in
European Theatre
By The Associated Press
LONDON, May 5 (Wednesday)
Lieut.-Gen. Frank M. Andrews, dis-
tinguished flying general and Com-
mander of all U. S. forces in the
European theatre of operations, was'
killed Monday in an airplane acci-
dent in Iceland, his headquarters an-
nounced early today.
Plane Crashes in Iceland
The plane crashed "in an isolated
locality in Iceland," and "full infor-
mation concerning the accident is
not yet available," the brief an-
nouncement said.
The tragedy on the bleak Island
E1uropean Conmander j

Allies A dvanc.? In Tunisia
0 20
STEATTE MILES TUNISIA
BBZERTE
,. .,Porto:
L. Achkefi farina
a s Mater~
Tebourba TUNI $
Medjez- - " ...
el Bab Nabeul
SZaghouan
PontduFahs Hammame
* cha
oulBou
-De eibina
I = ~Robaa , ,
Ousseltia ;..SOUSSE
I a tar --
Kairouan
U.S. forces have captured Mateur in northern Tunisia and French
and American forces have moved along the coast to within 15 miles of
Bizerte. Arrows indicate drives. Solid line is the established front in
sectors south of the Mateur break-through area. Swastika and arrows
indicate where Axis has made counterattacks in southeastern part of
pocket.
House Passes Pay-as-Go
Tax; Ruml Plan Buried
Battle Expected To Be Renewed as
Bill Is Sent to Senate for Action

Americans Mop Up
Axis Soldiers East
Of Mateur, Pursue
Nazis to Ferryville
By The Associated Press
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, May 4-- Bizerte
now is within heavy artillery range of
American and French troops driv-
ing along the northern shores of Lake
Achkel toward the big naval base,
front dispatches reported tonight.
This Allied column pushed forward
two more miles overnight to occupy
more than half the northern shores
of the lake, and now has swung
toward Bizerte, meeting "some re-
sistance" in rough country, Associ-
ated Press correspondent Harold V.
Boyle reported from the front.
Nazis Retreat East
Meanwhile, American troops fan-
ning out from captured Mateur were
striking towards Bizerte and south-
east toward Tunis.
The Nazi retreat east of Mateur
continues, Boyle said, and the Amer-
icans are mopping up Axis soldiers,
apparently in large number, who
were by-passed and then pocketed
between the Jefna position and Ma-
teur when the U. S. troops plunged
in a lightning, 14-mile advance into
the strategic rail center.
Headed for Tunis
Part of the American forces pur-
sued the retreating Nazis toward
Ferryville, power center of the Bi-
zerte naval base, 10 miles northwest
of Mateur.
Others fanned out to the south-
east in a 10-mile advance which car-
ried them within 10 miles of Tebour-
ba, the gateway to Tunis. They
reached a point eight miles south of
Mateur toward the line of the Tine
River, which is only six miles north-
west of Tebourba.
Corps, Names
Project Heads
Will Direct Campus
Manpower This Spring
Activity directors for the Man-
power Corps spring projects were
announced yesterday by the new co-
directors, Dave Keller, '43, and Bill
MacRitchie, '43.
Tom Gattle, '46, will direct the
scrap and salvage drives this spring.
He will also be in charge of the
Building and Grounds work.
Coordinating the various Manpow-
er projects with those of other Big-
Ten schools will be the task of Serge

LT.-GEN. FRANK H. ANDREWS
... dies in crash

<iF>

Heavy and blovdy fighting in the
western Caucasus which has cost
the Germans "serious losses in man-
power and equipment" was an-
nounced early today by the Soviet
command several hours after the
Germans acknowledged a forced
withdrawal in that area some 20
miles above the port of Novorossisk
and the loss to the Russians of the
town of Krymskaya.
The Russian war bulletin, for the
first time confirming persistent in-
dications that the Kuban region of
the western Caucasus has become a
focal point of major struggle, made
no claim to any specific advance,
saying that in some sectors hand-to-
hand fighting was raging. The Ger-
man bridgehead at Novorossisk was
endangered whether directly, it was
too early to tell,
The Russians reported air fighting
on a tremendous scale, announcing
that 65 German planes had been
shot down at a cost of 11 Russian
Craft.
The Societ command's midnight
communique with the sentence: "in
the Kuban, in the area northwest of
Novorossisk, fierce fighting is taking
place," and this marked the first
time in weeks that the Soviet bulle-
tins, issued twice daily, had departed
from an opening phrase stating that
"no important changes occurred at
the front."
Graduating Class
To Pay Dues Today
Today is the last day for payment

more important actions.
2. United States submarines have
sunk two Japanese destroyers and
four additional craft, and damaged
a transport, bringing to 222 the total
of Japanese ships announced as sunk
or damaged by American submar-
ines. The latest Japanese losses: two
destroyers, one medium tanker, one
medium cargo ship, one medium sup-
ply ship, one medium transport-all
sunk in the Pacific and far east-and
one large transport damaged and
probably sunk.
3. Details disclosed by the Navy
showed the scope of our victory in
the war's first naval action in the
north Pacific.
That engagement was the battle
of the Komandorskies, fought March
6 near those Russian islands at the
confluence of the North Pacific and
the Bering Sea.

claimed the life of the seventh Amer-
ican general to be killed or missing
in this war, and the 59-year-old An-
drews was the highest-ranking
United States officer lost.
The crash also killed Methodist
Bishop Adna Wright Leonard, tour-
ing overseas military bases as repre-
sentative of 31 American Protestant
denominations, his son announced in
Pittsburgh. The younger Leonard was
informed of his father's death by the
U. S. War Department.
Succeeded Eisenhower
A square-jawed, deeply-tanned,
and hard-fighting man, Andrews on
Feb. 5 had taken over the European
command, succeeding Gen. Dwight
D. Eisen hower. He came to this post
from the command of American
troops in the Middle East.
To most of his officers and men,
Andrews was "The General," and a
flying general, for he was one of the
few officers of his rank and age with
a pilot's rating.
Nelson Releases
Output Figures
Knox Says Nation Is
At Peak Production
WASHINGTON, May 4-(A')-WPB
Chairman Donald M. Nelson said to-
day that America's war plants in-
creased their output in March 11 per
cent above February while Navy Sec-
retary Knox reported the nation has
"arrived at the peak period" of war
production and that Navy plane and
ship ;completions in April set new
records.
Knox added that April was a good
month in more ways than production,
with merchant ship losses down con-
siderably as compared with March
-"just why, and how long that will!
continue, I do not know."
Both men cautioned that the rates
of increase cannot be continued much
longer, citing limitations of steel sup-
plies, skilled labor and other factors.
Despite this caution Nelson predicted
"substantial gains" in munitions pro-
duction in the next month or two.
The WPB chairman listed these
new production records established

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 4.- Termin-
ating one of the bitterest party bat-
tles of recent years, the House today
passed, 313 to 95, a pay-as-you-go
bill wiping out the 1942 federal in-
come tax liabilities completely for
approximately 90 per cent of the tax-
payers and imposing a 20 per cent
withholding levy against the taxable
portions of wages and salaries, effec-
tive July.
Passage Ends Fight
The action came in a dramatic ser-
ies of steps in which the Democrats
barely battered down, 206 to 202, the
modified Ruml plan which would
have skipped a complete tax year.
In the debate, tempers flare, at
one time reaching such a pitch that
Speaker Rayburn got out the House
rule book to decree that no member
could call another a "demagogue."
The approved bill, offered by Reps.
Robertson (Dem.-Va.) and Forand
(Dem.-R.I.), abates the 6 per cent
normal and 13 per cent first bracket
surtax on the 1942 income of all tax-
payers, wiping out approximately
$7,600,000,000 of the $10,000,000,000
of federal, tax assessments against
the last year's incomes.
Four Points Outlined
The House-approved bill would
provide for income tax collectors as
follows:
1. Wage and salary earners (ex-
cept members of the armed services,
agricultural labor, ministers, and do-
mestic servants)-will have 20 per
cent deducted weekly, semi-monthly
or monthly from their pay envelopes
or salary checks (after allowable de-
ductions have been made for family

status and other exemptions.") This
will not be an additional tax but
provides a means of current collec-
tion against taxes now on the statute
books. The collections -will cover
both income tax and the victory tax
obligations. After July 1 there would
be no separate collection of 5 per
cent on victory taxes.
2. Persons with incomes from
sources other than wages and salar-
ies, such as business and profes-
sional men, would be placed on a
pay-as-you-go basis by requiring
them to estimate their tax for the
Turn to Page 2, Col. 4
Hotel Keepers
Petition Board
Failing to comply with the City
Council's dictum of last March to
conform to local and state building
codes, Ann Arbor's hotel keepers
Monday petitioned the city Board of
Appeals to review their case.
May 1 had been set as the dead-
line for all hotels to conform to the
local and state building codes and
the passing of the, date without ac-
tion was revealed in a letter to the
Council Monday night.
This action takes the matter out
of the hands of the Building Depart-
ment and subsequent rulings will
come from the Appeal Board.
This Board has been in operation
for some years and was established
for the purpose of dealing with cases
arising under laws the strict enforce-
ment of which would lead to undue
hardship.

;
I
's

'HOOT MON IN SKIRTS':
Skirt-Clad Lad Stages Protest
Against Girls Wearing Slacks

Several men are "desperately
needed" today at the hospital.
They will be paid sixty cents an
hour. Volunteers, call the Manpow-
er Corps officers in the Union any
time today.
Field, '44, who will also work with
the Civilian Defense Volunteer Or-
ganization of Ann Arbor.
Continuing as director of the Uni-
versity Hospital volunteers project
Bill Buckey, '45, will work with the
United States Employment Office as
the Manpower Corps representative.
Bob Newman, '46, heads the proj-
ect that will provide workers for farm
labor. Recognizing that the high
schools will probably be the greatest
source of labor Newman is also head
of the project working with them.
The new publicity director is tom
Bliska, '45A, who said last night
that the Manpower Corps will co-
operate with the Women's War or-
ganization In order, to consolidate the
University's war effort.
Badgley Chosen
Galens Bull King'
Dr. Carl Badgley, professor of or-
thopedic surgery, is Galens', honor-
ary medical society, choice for king
of the bull-throwers during the past
year.
The honor was bestowed upon him

-

NAZI INVASION JITTERS:
Axis Afraid Allies Will Attack!
Before Fall of Tunis, Bizerte

By MAVIS KENNEDY
The tall figure clad in a jaunty
beret, a gray sports jacket, tan knee
sock, and a red plaid skirt who strode
across campus yesterday caused a
near riot among excited students.
Cameras clicked, columns of soldiers
marching to classes turned and
stared. Had Lana Turner suddenly
turned coed? Was a Power's model
exhibiting the latest fashions?
tt- .. ..".... I, . ov ._ni a n n ,- t" 4

his idea of the right kind of a man
to wear skirts.)j
Being a stout-hearted Scotsman
with the courage of his conviction,
Vibrans attended classes and even
went to work, at the Delta Delta
Delta house, dressed in his electrify-
ing costume.
Undaunted by the remarks of in-
dignant coeds, "I certainly look as
good in slacks as you do in a skirt!"
an ofeml lrn "T.akit

LONDON, May 4.-UP)-The Nazis
acknowledged today that the grim
prospect of an Allied invasion of
Europe is so imminent it might by-
pass the Tunisian bridgehead and
come in the form 'of an amphibious
assault on the Sardinian and Sicilian
stepping-stones, even before the col-
iaos of Tunis and Bizerte.

watched closely by observers here
for a ready clue to the actual weight
of Hitler's fears. The Russian barom-
eter was based on the belief that Hit-
ler hardly would dare to attempt the
usual full-scale spring onslaught on
the Eastern front if faced with the

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