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TOR: BETTY KOFFMAN
shed in The Michigan Daily
members of The Daily staff
he views of the writers only.
Congress Should Follow
Example of Tennessee
THE DISMAL BLOC of eight stubborn states
which have persistently refused to eliminate
their flagrantly undemocratic poll-tax laws-and
have successfully blocked all attempts by Con-
gress to do so-was partially broken by Ten-
nessee's repeal of her poll-tax.
But Tennessee's action solves only one-
eighth of the problem. There are still, seven
states whose poll-tax laws symbolize-a-society
which is decades behind the'rest of the nation
in the development .of its social and political
Last November a small number of southern
Senators took advantage of the end of the ses-
sion and successfully filibustered the Geyer-
Pepper bill to at least a temporary Waterloo.
BUT THE PERVERSION 'of the Democratic
legislative process accomplished in November
was by no means a complete and final victory
for the southern Senators. No less than six anti-
poll tax bills were introduced in the House at
the very beginning of the new Congressional ses-
The new Congress can prove to a justly doubt-
ing nation that it is sincerely concerned with
furthering the democracy we . are fighting for,
by passing an anti-poll tax bill. In order to do so
it may have to take the bill out of the hands'of
the Judiciary Committee, which is dominated by
poll-tax representatives, by means of a petition
signed by 218 House members. Whatever method
need be employed, it is time that a small minority
be prevented from blocking necessary legislation.
Plan Is V ital Factor
In Post-War Preparafton
AGREAT DEAL of emphasis is being placed
lately on plans for a post-war world, and the
need for studies and organizations devoted to
post-war planning has been stressed more and
more of late. Yet most University students fail
to realize that in the Bomber Scholarship is em-
bodied one of the most far reaching post-war
plans of the present war effort here.
The Bomber Scholarship is essentially a plan
whereby students who plan originally to finish
their educationnafter the war andare stopped
by lack of finances may receive aid. Most stu-
dents while realizing that the Bomber Scholar-
ship has something to. do with "Bombers" and
with students who leave the University to enter
the American armed forces, do not know or pre-
tend to know the exact constitution of the plan
they are supporting every time they attend a
Or Leave ,fit
"Hup, two, three, four. Hup, Hup, Hup ..."
I had to dodge two squads and a regiment
armed with twenty millimeter cannon on the
way to my eight o'clock today. I tripped over a
colonel coming out. Yes, this new Michigan is a
long way from the place where father and mother
used to pay all the bills and we had all the fun,
in civilian clothes, even. But a few lonely stu-
dents may still be found haunting Joe's and the
Orient, waiting under the clock for that coke
date which never shows up, or trailing in late
to Angell Hall eight o'clocks. For such as these,
Not that I'm getting sentimental; I know
there's a war on, thanks. I know you cani argue
that the alhighty dollar is more influential in
securing Joe Doakes a- degree than whatever
ability he might happen to have, also. Perhaps,
even. in peacetime, a four-year college course,
complete with all the fixin's, is a luxury. But,
anyway, it was fun while it lasted. This is kind
of In Memoriam; I'm going to talk about what
they used to hash over in those old two o'clock
bull-sessions, and what they still do in those
that are left.
PERHAPS you would be interested in knowing
how I ever got this job, anyway. It's a long
It all ban when I wrote a letter to The Daily
last semester. It was a fervent letter; one sen-
tence was eleven lines long. I thought it was
pretty good, particularly when a couple of people
told me they'd seen it. I never stopped to ask them
whether they'd read it.
They hadn't. That became clear as soon as I
got back to the room. "What in the devil did you
mean by that letter . . .?" "What was the point of
that, anyway?" "Did you dash that one off be-
tween classes . ..?"
"Maybe I was rather cryptic," I admitted.
"Cryptic!" shrieked the guy who lives across
the hall. "You'd better take that letter and lock
yourself in a vault with it."
After I had spent a half an hour explaining the
first paragraph of said letter to my roommate,
I decided that I might be even cryptic enough
to write a column for The Daily. I guess the edi-
torial director must have thought so too.
Well, that's one qualification. Then, I'm bitter.
Every Daily columnist must be bitter. My secret
sorrows are too numerous to mention right here,
but, just to be sure I put them across, I'm going
to write the column in the morning before break-
fast. Bitter! Just ask Henry; he has to wake me
014 YES, Henry's the roommate. He's another
qualification; he provides the humor. I steal
all my good jokes from him on other occasions,
so I don't see why I can't swipe a few for the
In fact, Henry is scheduled to play such an im-
portant part in the column-humor, all kinds-
that I was thinking of calling it "Life with Hen-
ry." But you know the effect of seeing your name
in The Daily has on you. And for Henry to see
his a couple of times a week, in big letters.
That's out. I have to live with the guy.
Then, I thought of calling the thing "Under
the Clock." Henry talked me out of that one;
maybe he was just jealous. He claimed it would
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
Let us continue our researches into obscurant-
ism, because some nice, fresh cargoes of it have
arrived, and it is always wise to examine this
merchandise before it becomes over-ripe and hard
A sudden clamor has been raised to the effect
that Great Britain ought to give us "permanent
title" at once to the airbases she leased to us in
1940 in exchange for 50 over-age destroyers.
Since these leases run for 99 years, or until Sept.
2, 2039, this becomes the most irrelevant and
postponable issue which has ever been raised in
the midst of a dreadful war in the entire history
of the world.
IN GOOD OLD 2039
The interesting thing is that this noise is made
(with some exceptions) by the very same isola-
tionist Congressmen who were extremely sniffy
about the destroyers-for-bases deal in the first
instance. They did not think we needed them at
all, then; now they cry desperately that we need
Yet their position is quite consistent. It was,
two years ago, the position that we ought not
to have anything to do with England, and now
again, though it takes a new form, it is the
same position; that we ought to-have as little
to do with England as possible. During a United,
Nations war, the obscurantists have sought out
and found a method to strike a blow at inter-
national collaboration, even when it takes
place on a lonely swamp in the Caribbean be-
tween two countries speaking the same lang-
uage and fighting the same fight.
OBSCURITY RIDES AGAIN
One editorialist commenting on this "issue" has
even squeezed out a tear to the effect that we'
need permanent title (in 2039 A.D., of course) to
these bases in order to protect the Atlantic for
England's sake, and that she ought therefore to
"give us the tools;" thus using the very language
of international cooperation to smash a blow at
That is obscurantism, of course. And obscur-
antism was given a powerful and related boost
last week by Miss Clare Boothe, who suddenly
rose to demand American domination of the air-
ways of the world after the war, putting that
demand in the form of the question as to whether
we intend to let foreigners freely use our airports.
The trouble with that question is that it isn't the
question. We could keep every foreign commer-
cial airplane off our airfields after the war, but
that would not give us domination of the airways
of the world. To have domination ofthe airways,
we would need to control foreign airports. Miss
Boothe (obscurely) failed to go into that painful
difficulty; she translated the issue into the whol-
ly irrelevant question of control of our own air-
fields. And once again, it is interesting to note, it
was the isolationist press which was most con-
vinced by and persuaded by and fascinated by
and charmed with Miss Boothe's argument.
WHAT THEY WANT
We have here, in a single week, the begin-
nings of a great imperialist rivalry, with Great
Britain on the question of ownership of mili-
tary and naval airbases, and withall the world
on the nestian af the contrl of commercial
WASHINGTON- The President's
report to Congressional leaders ater
his return from Casablanca was a
sober, serious diagnosis of the war.
leavened with occasional Roosevelt-
Among other things he spoke at
length about his visit to Liberia and
the President of Liberia, Edwin Bar-
"I was very much impressed with-
him," said the President, adding that
he was a man with about seven-
eighths Negro blood.
Then with a grin in the d'irection
toward his very good friend Senator
Alben Barkley of Kentucky, he add-
"By the way, Alben, this Barclay
also has a Kentucky strain. His an-
cestors came from Kentucky. They
The President went on to tell about
Liberia's election laws by which only
those Liberians whose ancestors were
American slaves are permitted to
In his report on the war fronti,
Roosevelt's soberest remarks were
addressed to the submarine prob-
lem. The details of what he sid
cannot be revealed, except that s-
entists from all over the United
States had been called in to try to
lick the submarine. The Presideftt
made no effort to minintile the 'pes.-
simistic statements -eVio'tUily
made by some of his naval men,
and obviously agreed with them
about the seriousness of the U-boat
menace. The one hopeful situation
was the Pacific, where we were los-
ing much less shipping to Jap subs.
Giraud vs. de Gaulle
One point which left a deep im-
pression on his Congressional leaders
was the difficulty the President and
Churchill had in getting Gen. De
Gaulle and Gen. Giraud together. AfN.
ter about six days of effort they were
finally able to get them to shake
hands and pose for the photogra-
While the President was optimistc
regarding the military situation in
North Africa, he went into detail re-
garding the difficulty of getting hea-
vy tanks through the mud until the
terraih had dried. While the rains
usually stop in March or April they
have been known to continue until
The President also explained that
Churchill was handling all the nego-
tiations with Turkey' because the
British were ckser to the Turkish
picture than the United States.
"In the same way," the President
explained, "all negotiations with Chi-
na are being carried on by the Unite1
The Scourge of War
The President also went into -con-
siderable detail regarding 'the morale
of American troops, which he ob
served to, be excellent' in. the North
African war zone. However, he said
he was "worried' over theI manie
in which our troops were exposed tc
undraped native- women in- the var-
ious parts of Africa, espeia-ly Li-
He praised the efficiency of the
Medical Corps in dealing with vener-
eal disease; but expressed -concern
over its prevalence and said it might
be necessary to limit the liberty o
overseas troops for the sake of thoiu
health. This same problem, he re-
ported, also existed among US& trolo
in South America.
Questioned by Congressional lead-
ers on the internal situation in Italy
and Germany, the President repled
that he had been unable to get any
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
TUESPAY, FElL 16, 1943
VOL. LIII N. 91
All notieesfir theDa' ly Of7uetacl B.l-
letili are to ete saet' d i-Oftiiie ot the
PresIdent in typewritte for by 330
p.gi. of" the tla prVE i g it pu 1ca-
tion, sec@it on Satrday t heil te no-
tices sheiuld be' shbmittej by id:3 a.:t
Student Tea: Presid nt rnd Mrs. Ruth-C
yen will be 'at lihme o stutents' Wednesday
afternoon, Feb. 17', from4 to'6 o'clock.
Mdndgy, Feb.' 22, will b observed as a
holiday- in accoiarcle with previous an-
Notice: Attention'of all concerned, and
particularly of those vingg oi ces in Hay-1
en Hall' or the Western 'portin of the
Natural Science Building; is d rcted to the
fact that parkilg or standing -of cats in the
driveway between 'these- to buildings is
prohibited be'cause' itIs at al tiries; incon-
venient-to other driver and to pedestrianus
on' the diagonal andothez walks. If mem-
bers of your family call for you; especially
ot noon when traffic both on wheels and
oan foot is heavy, it s- esei~lly urge4 tat'
the' car wait for yoiX i the ayking' spac'
adjacent to the north dor of Univesity
Hall. Waiting in the driveway blocks traf-
'e and involves confusion, inconvenience,
tid danger just as mueli w4efi"' person' is
sitting in a cat"'as when thecairis satretd
Committee on 'Parking
Choral U*o Memberso Members' of the
Chorus in good Standlg t(Withot- une-
aused abMfeeces on' their records will
please call for their curtes'tickts to the
Heifetz concert today' between 10 and 12,
n and1 and 4 o'clock, 'at then offices of the
University Musical S city in Dnirton Me-
morial Tower. Charles A. Sink, Pres.
.The attinton at thi sieoreiatrhl tobnter
the opWoo4 'conusts is' called to the 101-
lowing change in regard to- paper: swan
linen, sixteen pound weight, 822 K 11 inch-
es, must be used for the first co .he two
carbon"copies may .be on any white paper
of tile" same'eiht.
-R.- W. C4oWdnhl
g Dire'tbr t' the IMopwoo' Awards'
The Anericaie Asociatin of University
Women. F owoshi The Ann Arbor-Ypsi-
lantf Branch of Cte A.A.tL.W. is again offer-
'lfrg a felIowshi'p for the year 19434944' in
tionor of Mae 1freston Slosson. TWti fellow-
ship is open to-women s'tsudenits f'or gradu-
ate' studiiy in- any field.' App1toatton blanks
may be btained now front the Gradgte
Sehobiol' -ee' anti muist be eturned to-that
dilce no later than' 'MarIlI 15 in 'order to
Universty ctre:" r. 'Alhett& Arci.-
Earro, Nationarl Dfretor of 8tatiSia erv-
Ices, Rdpuill or i!', will'lectiriw'on- the'
subje'; "Pern@Us %pulatiti- Probternsi Eob-
riomically Activef anhit ictlive Ppulatton Nz
under the auSpices o the Department of
Geography, today at 4:15 pm. in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre. The public Is invited.
Un ei-ity Le-ture: Professor i. S. Knox,
Departmnent of riglsh, University of' Tor-
onto, wvfil ec$xe o'tte sbject, Rece~t
Shahespe&'rian Crit smz" under te auspi-
ces'of the -Departnwni of:English Langage
ati Literatue, On:MondayMarvth 1,at 3:15
p.m. in the Rackham Amphitheatre. The
public is invited.
Lecture: Dr. George Calingaert of the
ethyl Gasoline Corporation will lecture on
the sulbjtdt; '"Some-.Reaftc iri of' Ogaoi7,
rtinetalic ompounds"' sponsoreby the
American Chemical Society today at 4:15
p.m. in- Rom 303 Chemistry Butilding; The
publie is invited.
Fren-ch' Lecture: Professor W lliam Mc-
l',aughlin of" the- BOlaiie'r Language- De-
partment will give the fifth of the French
lIectures sponsored by the Cercle-Francais
entitled: "Un Lycee En France Souvenirs
Fiersonnels"-on Wdenesday, Feb. 17, at 4:15
I}.m. in Room D Alumni Memorial Hall
Tickets for the' series of lectures may be
procured from #feS"eretary of the part-
enet of Ronrce Lanu'6ages r it the 'oor
at the tinie -of' 'the lecture.
Open to'the public.
Aierian nAsscat ionof Uiversty -to-
ifenanouinces the fit lecture .in' the
urrent vnts i 'erI s'by Professor Preston.
W. Slosson, Thurstisdy Feb. 18, at 4:f5'p.m.,
in the Backiains AuditVu1n1. Single adrrt-
sion avafihble atthe dOor.
o- Math. 371; Setnibar, titt-meeting fo ar--
German 160 (Faust course) meets in 408
Library on Thursday, 4-0 p.m.
Choral Union Concert: Jascha Heifetz,
violinist, will give the eighth prograi in
the Chorl Union Concert Series tonig't
at 8:30 o'clock in Hill Auditoriuin. A lim-
ited number of tickets are available at the
offices of the University Musical Society in
Burton Memorial Tower; and after 7 oclock
on. thw~ evening of the concert at the 'bOx
office in Hill Auiditorium.s ,
-Charle A. 'Sink, Peidtt'
A Piano Recital will be given by Mrs.
Maud Okkelberg, Assistant Professor of
Piano, School of Music, on Thursday Eve-
ning, Feb. 18, at 8:30 o'clock in the Main
Audito-ibm, Rackham Educatiorla Memor-
ial, Woodward at Farnsworth, Detroit. This
is sponsored by the School of Music in'co-
operation with the University' Extensi'on
Attentioni, Marine Reservists: OIfgaiza-
tion mneeting, today on the third floor of '
the Union. All members who epect o take
part in Marine activities during the com-
ing semester are urged to attend.
Pre-Me al Society,: Dr. P. T. Woodbune
will addrss all Pe-Medial students in a
meeting tonight at 8:00 in Room 305 of the
Choral UniW Ushers: Additional' ushers
are needed for concerts and lectures. Apply.
at Hil Auditorium Box Office 1200 to 1:30
The Annu'al French Play: Tryouts for the
Annual' French Play will be held today,
Thursday, Feb. 18, and Friday, Feb. 19,
from 3:00 to 5:15 p.m., in R1oo'n 40; R&£
mance oLanguae Bulding; Any' studelit on
the- Campus who has some kiowldgE" of
the- French Language may try out. 'If un-
able to attend, please see Professor Koella
for special appointment in Room 412, RL..
aldg. fEligibiIty cards are requred.
Spanish Play Tryout: . Mr. Mercado
would ike to" meet with all those who
tried' out for the Spanish play today at 3
o'clock in room 312 Romance - Lantguage
Building. All those still interested in try-
ing out should also come at this time.
Sigma Gamma Epsilon meeting tonight
at 8:06 in the Natural Science Bfdg.' James
Sine. will talk nhis work in Newfound-
Disciples Guild: Tea will be served this
afternoon at the Disciples Guild'House, 438
Maynard St., frOm 5:00' to 6:0 p.m. Do'th
lifsciples and Congregational students and
efrtends are invited.
Episcopal Students: Tea will be served
fbr Episcopal students and their friends by
the Canterbury Club this afternoon, 4;-
5:15, in Harris HalL. Evening prayer will be
said at 5:15 in the Chapel.
Christian Science Orgahlitation will'meet
tonight at 8:15 in Rooms D and of th'e
Biliophiles will meet with Mr. George '
''McEwen, 1419 Henry St., at 2:30 p.m. today.
A.S.M.E.: Mr. James -W. Armour, Presi-
dent of the Detroit Section of the American
Society of Mechanical Engineers, will speak
on the subject, "The Design and Construc-
tion of Steam Generating Units, before
the U. of M. branch of the A.S.M. . on
Wednesday, Feb. 17, at 7:30 p.m. in the
Union. All engineering studenfts' are in-
Graduate Students in Speech: The first
meeting of the Graduate Study Clubrof the'
Department of Speech will be held at 4:00
'p.m. on Wednesday in the East Conference
Room (third floor) of the Rackham' Build-
Graduate Coffee Hour on Th'ursday, Fob;
18, 7-8 p.m., in the Men's Lounge, Rackhaxn
Building, All graduate and 'professonal
students invited. Recordedmusic program
will follow from 8-10 p.m.
The Regular Tuesday Evening 'brde
3#'ograi'will be"played onThursdiay'dr
ing the remainder of the Spring Terri.
All Mozart Program: "Magic Flute"
O'terature, Piano Concerto No. 14 in' E
flat majr, Violin Concerto' No. 5 in'A
Major, Two Piano Sonata in D major,
Symlphony in D major (Haffner).
gon thinks is propaganda for re-elec-
tion of Roosevelt.
But Rufus, as frequently happens
with him, missed the real issue. The
controversy inyolved in "Prellde to,
War," is not that of re-electing FDR,
but whether or not the picture should
'be released to the public. Incidentally,
one 'of Roosevelt's-secretaries and best
friends, Lowell Mellett, doesn't want
it released. The filh was prepared by'
the Wat Department's Special 5er-
vices Division (formerly the Morale
Division) to give soldiers some idea
of what they were fighting for. It
does this magnificently. It reviews
the Jap invasion of Manchuria, the-
Italian invasion of Ethiopia, the rise'
of Nazism in Germany.
Famous film director Frank Capra,
now in the Army, did a great job. He
pulled the emotional stops so far out
that you go away from the picture
with a burning hate of the enemy.
However, Lowell Mellett, who co-
ordinates all government films, is
dead set against giving the public a"
look at "Prelude to War." Apar-
ently he doesn't want the public to
hate too violently. But the War De-
partment thinks the public needs a
little poison against the Axis, and
would like to releaoe it for general
"We know that Italy already haw&
been torn by serious internal dis-
orders brought on by distrust of
Mussolini's leadership"' the Presi-
dent said. He added that although
he could give no accurate report on
the condition in Germany, his-per-
sonal belief was that Germany
would suffer a repetition of what
happened in the last war. When
German morale does collapse, he
said, the whole thig will. collapse
The President also -touched brIefl-
upon possible strategy for a new at-
tack against Hitler which had been
discussed with' Churchill, and which
obviously remains a military secret.
On the whole he gave a realistic
but encouraging report on the At.
lantic-African war picture.
Should We Hate the Axi?
The United States Senate goes to
the movies today to see a picture
which Senator Rufus Holman of Ore-
owning Caribbean bases? Will it not
all seem like one picture?
Miss Boothe- is no isolationist, but
the isolationists are. And it is -fascin-
ating to see them during war, uncon-
sciously, mongering~ the next, war, soy
CEARED to the present war effort by the fact
that all funds received are turned into war
bonds, the plan makes provision for post-war
reconstruction by dedicating the funds to be re-
alized from the $100,000 worth of war bonds that
they intend to purchase eventually, to the reha-
bilitation of war veterans who without financial
assistance would be unable to finish their inter-
According to this plan students who leave the
University for the Army, the Navy; the Air Corps,
the Marines or the Coast Guard have a chance
of eventually graduating even if their financial
status would otherwise prevent them. Women
.- 1n. - ^1 f r ;n;- h a AO XTA mTV. ,