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May 01, 1943 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-05-01

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4r £ir4igan tBaty
Fifty-Third Year
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning eFxept Mnn
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repuh-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
National Advertising Service, Inc.
. College Publishers Representative
420 MADIsoN Avs. NEW YORK. N. Y.

In the Rome sirewli
V.. V.'.. 'V
____________________...'.*."~"~ 'J.":~.'*..~'~
..-..--. :. -

TM, Req. U. .Pa. ©{C, S

Bud Brimmer .
Leon Gordenker
Marion Ford .
Charlotte Conover .
Betty Harvey
James Conant .
Elizabeth Carpenter
Pat #Gehiert
Jeanne Lovett
Martha Opsion
Sybil Perlmutter
Molly Winokur
Margery Wolfson
Barbara Peterson
Rosalie 'Frank .

ditorial Staff
business Staff

Editorial Director
. ,. City Editor
. Associate Editor
* Associate Editor
. Women's Editor
. . 'Columnist

are more illustrations of how the
brasshats in the U.S. Army are
treating American boys who went
to fight for a Republican govern-
ment in Spain against Dictator
Franco and his supporters, Musso-
lini and Hitler.
The German and Italian armies
used the Spanish civil war as a
testing ground for modern war-
fare; but the U.S. Army has rele-
gated Americans who fought in
Spain largely to work battalions.
Milton Wolff was a major in
command of a battalion of the
Abraham Lincoln Brigade in the
Ebro offensive. Later he enlisted
in the U.S. Army, was sent to offi-
cers' training camp at Ft. Benning,
Ga. There regimental commander
Col. Thomas R. Gibson treated
Wolff cordially and a story of his
Spanish experiences was written up
in the camp newspaper. His quali-
fications were rated "excellent."
He qualified on map reading, com-
pass work, night problems.
Queried About Spain
"Then," says Wolff, "suddenly
the axe fell. It was certainly not
routine procedure for flunking men
out. I was supposed to see a Regi-
mental Board, which is routine;
but after hanging around all day I
was called in to see a colonel. He

asked me about Spain, the labor
movement, Brookwood School-
straight stuff. I gave him straight
"Knowing something was funny
I went in to see my company com-
mander and asked him what the
score was. He said he didn't know.
Subsequently my battalion com-
mander, regimental commander,
and the Infantry School com-
mander told me the same thing.
"This was about a week and a
half before graduation. The last
of the men to be flunked out had
already left. I completed the
course, which ended four days be-
fore graduation. The last few days
are used for signing final forms,
uniforms, graduation rehearsals.
"Then I knew something phoney
was going to happen. I signed
none of the final forms. Again I
went up the chain of command
and got the same replies. They
didn't know.
"Finally I was shipped to Ft.
McClellan, Ala., and was assigned
to the 'Medics (Medical Corps). I
Will probably be here for'the dUra-
tion, despite the fact that a War
Department order says that only
1B men would fill these services."
Meanwhile, War and Navy De-
partments desk jObs in Washing-
ton are crowded with blue bloods
from the Social Register who never

NROTC TYill . .
LASTWednesday night the Naval
Unit held a drill on Palmer
Field. As one of the bystanders I
witnessed one of the worst dis-
plays of military drill that I have
ever seen. A squadfrom each com-
pany put on an exhibition of ma-
neuvers. These squads were evi-
dently the best ones chosen from
each company. For a unit that
has been in training for three
years the display was pitiful.
An order would be given, some
men would turn right, some men
would turn left, and some just
looked confused. During these
comical -movements the cadets in
ranks, along with the spectators,
laughed at the proceedings. The
usually predominant naval dig-
nity was entirely absent from the
whole drill.
These men have been under
training for a long period but
when compared with the new army
groups on campus, they are not
even in the running. Until they
take some pride in their drilling I
suggest they remain inside for
their drills. -H. Miller
saw a rifle, but had no trouble get-
ting cellophane commissions-you
can see through them but they
protect from the draft.
(Copyright, 1943, United Peatures Synd.)

Local Advertising
Natiorjal Advertising
Classified Advertising
Women's BusinessManager

Telephone 23-24-1
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.


Gandhi, Followers held
On Superficial Charge
ONE need only create a law to establish -the
legality of an action, it seems. So the British
treatment of the invalidated holding of Gandi
and 8,000 other Congress leaders seems to indi-
These Indian Nationalists are retained in jail
after defense act rule 26, under which they had
been jailed, was declared illegal. The continued
holding of them will be made lawful through an
ordinance to be issued by the Viceroy or by a
revision of the rule. The awkward situation is
remedied, and the validity of the action (but not
its accordance to ideals) is established.
This is a superficial settlement, since pro-
tection against imprisonmfent without trial is
guaranteed by English common law and by the
IHabeas Corpus Act.
The excuse for holding the Nationalists is
given as that of necessity. Congress, in demand-
ing Indian independence, threatened to disrupt
the war effort, Britain claimed. Therefore, its
leaders had to be "put out of circulation" before
they gained too large and rebellious a following.
.The wholeproblem of Indian independence is
a close parallel to this situation. The British
government refuses to permit an Indian National
government on the grounds of a policy (imperial-
ism) now recognized as illegal.
Great Britain is one of the signatories of
the Atlantic Charter, by which self-determin-
ation is pledged to all nations. The set of
principles upheld by the Allies in this. war in-
eludes one whereby domination of one people
by another is declared illegal; imperialism is
outlawed. Yet the British government con-
tinues to act contrary to the illegalization of
the law of subjugation by making and follow-
ing another rule.
AGAIN, this rule is excused as -necessary; an
Indian national government just wouldn't
work; India could not unite, form a popular gov-
ernment and fight Japan successfully, Britons
claim. These alibis, based on the impracticabil-
ity of Indian self-government, account for the
defiance of Allied ideals.
Admittedly, Indian independence brings with
it many problems, which, however, can be solved.
The Moslem League, in its current convention,
refuses to unite in a federation with the Hindus,
but is considering accepting the invitation to
form a provisional coalition government. The
Moslem fear of Hindu domination might be set
at rest after the success of such-a government
is shown and all Indian factions are represented
equally, with the rights of minorities established.
As for India's inability to defend itself, the
Congress, representing a majority of the popu-
lation, has asserted its willingness for India to
be sued as an Allied base. In the meantime, a
national army would be organized.
THUS, the objections to the practicability of
Indian self-government are over-ridden (al-
though not as simply as here outlined), and the
pseudo-law is revealed as an alibi for continued
The fact remains that Britain is retaining a
nation of people under her rule, in contradic-
tion to her own stated ideals, ust as she is
holding in jail a group of that nation's leaders
under an act inconisistent with her long-estab-
ished laws.
In both cases, a loophole whereby the illegality

Take jt

/eao it
By Jason

F YOU don't like poking. around in old Daily
'files, finding out what people thought ten
years ago, you'd better turn the page.
If you do, it's interesting to look back on the
violentedit-page arguments of years ago and see
how different the opinions were from those
which are being currently printed 'today. Hind-
sight is a good thing to have, and it makes the
vehement self-styled "liberals" of the 30's look
pretty silly, sometimes.
So, when you look back through the files of
The Daily and find something that, eight
years ago, caught the temper of 1943, you
-Admire the way:that shot was called.
RY AND THINK back to January, 1935. Hitler
had been in power two years; he was,
thought the average American, just another
German chancellor, or, at the worst, a harmless
rabble-rouser. The World War, your teachers
told you, was something that never needed to
have been fought.
No war, in fact, could ever be justified, they'd
say. Things are never settled by force of arms,
,Miss Smith would 'emphasize to her sixth-grad-
ers. War, you'd read in the magazines, is hor-
rible, the worst you can get. The people don't
start it; it's the munition makers.
That was it, in 1935. Black and white. You
could 'read rit in,Hemingway, or Dos Tassos,
or Vincent Sheehan. You could read it in The
Daily, or any college paper; for no intelligent,
thinking people thought we'd ever get dragged
'into another war. Every schoolchild, even,
knew'it 'by heart.
You don't hear that stuff now. But try and
think back, and remember what was in the air.
A letter was printed in The Daily then-from
William Fisch, Executive Secretary of the Na-
tional -Student League. A sentence shows the
way it -read: "Wars . . are fought not in the
interests of those who bear its agonies but for
the huge 'profits that a handful of unscrupulous
non-combatants are able to derive from blood-
shed and misery."
IT WOULDN'T be hard to answer that letter
today. But this was eight years before Pearl
Harbor; when, in a Literary Digest Poll, a
majority of Michigan students said that they
would refuse to bear arms unless the borders of
this country were =invaded. These were the years
when the ROTC was under fire, when "militar-
ism" was the bogey-man.
Fisch was answered, though-by' Philip C.
Pack, Captain, Infantry. Pack's letter called the
.". . Mr. Fisch would abolish war by 'refus-
i"g to fight, by lying down, supinely, belly-up,
in. the face of an armed aggression ... But now
is a time to be practical. Every major Euro-
pean power is armed to the teeth. Old jealous-
ies have been revived ...
"And should an armed invader attack us, Mr.
Fisch and his student League will fade into
the background of forgotten theories, as the
manhood of this country rises to defend its
"'Flag?' Mr. Fisch may sneer.
"Yes, flag, we repeat. Far better men than
Mr. Fisch or I have died for it before and will

I'd Rather
Be Right
WORLD AT WAR: Senator O'Mahoney, of
Wyoming, cannot understand why "all the com-
mentators" of press and radio react the same
way when MacArthur asks for more planes. The
Senator smells a plot.
He wants to know whether the War Depart-
ment isn't feeding a "line" to press and radio,
telling the boys to "deprecate" the South Pacific
War. Well, the War Department hasn't been
feeding me any lines lately. Though I saw Doro-
thy Thompson last week and John Gunther and
William Shirer, we didn't even talk about the
South Pacific war. Honest. We've all made up
our minds on our own that the defeat of Hitler
'is still war aim number one.
A, sweet mystery of unanimity. It can't
be that the majority of judgments are alike,
because the facts are straight and clear?
They're all out of step but O'Mahoney, so it
must be a plot. '
Matter of fact, if the Senator is interested in
strange manifestations of unanimity, I can igive
him something to get his teeth into. The other
day the Senate took up the question of transfer-
ring certain U.S. government-owned properties
to the Republic of Panama. These include real
estate in the city of Colon, and water and sewage
systems. The latter were built by our govern-
ment. But in the era of the Good Neighbor
Policy it is not considered fair ball for one sov-
ereign power to own miscellaneous properties
inside the boundaries of another sovereign power.
The Senate saw the sense of this, and agreed.
The vote was 37 to 19. All nineteen contrary
votes were Republican.
Very next day, the House Ways and Means
Committee approved the extension of our recip-
rocal trade treaties, by a vote of 14 to 11. But
10 of the 11 "no" votes were Republican. In
fact, all the Republican members of the commit-
tee opposed the bill.
Again, ah, sweet mystery of unanimity.
How come? Is anyone feeding Congressional
Republicans a "line," so that they pass resolu-
tions in Chicago saying that isolation is dead,
and then take the same old isolationist posi-
tion, almost in a body, on one foreign issue
after another? I think this is much more
mysterious than the behavior of press and
radio commentators.
If you- add the two incidents together, you
will find that an almost unanimous press and
radio is opposed to the isolationist position, while
an almost unanimous Republican party favors
it. To put it another way, the minority party in
Congress is in tragic danger of drifting into the
same position as the minority section of press
and radio.
These are nov plots, Senator. These are trends,
the great, big, sweeping trends that make his-
tory. I think (even though you are a Democrat)
you said something which could be very useful to
the Republicans, for, in effect, you reminded
them, just when they needed it most, that they
are out of step with the vast body of indepen-
dent American opinion. And so are you, honey.
One other little development on the isola-
tion front came along this week. You know
that old Hoover argument, about how we

VOL. LIII No. 154
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
To the Members of the University Sen-
ate: The second regular meeting of the
University Senate will be held on Mon-
lay, May 17, in the Rackham Amphithea-
tre, at 4:15 o'clock.
To the Members of the University Coun-
cil: The May meeting of the University
Council has been cancelled.
Seniors: The firm which furnishes di-
plomas for the University has sent the
following caution: "Please warn gradtfates
not to store diplomas in cedar chests.
There is enough of the mothkiling'aro-
matic oil in the average cedar chest to
soften inks of any kind that might be
stored inside them, resulting in seriously
damaging the diplomas."'
4 Shirley W. Smith
To Students Graduating at Commence-
ment, May 29, 1943:
Diplomas not called for at the offices
of the Recorders of the several Schools
and Colleges, immediately following the
Commencement Exercises, or at the Busi-
ness Office by June 2, will be mailed C.O.D.
The domestic postage payable under these
conditions will be 27c for the larger sized
rolled diplomas and 36c for the book form.
Will each graduate, therefore, be cer-
tain that the Diploma Clerk has his cor-
'ect mailing address to insure delivery by
mail? The U.S. Mail Service will, it is
expected, return any diplomas which can-
not be delivered. Because of adverse
conditions abroad, foreign students should
leave addresses in the United States, if
possible, to which diplomas may be mailed.
It is preferred that ALL diplomas be
personally called for.
Herbert G. Watkins,
Assistant Secretary
Choral Union Members: There will be
a special rehearsal for the full chorus this
afternoon from 1:30 to 3:00, in Hill Audi-
Hardin Van Deursen, Conductor
German Table for Faculty Members will
meet Monday at 12:10 p.m. in the Foud-
ers' Room, Michigan Union. Members of
all departments are cordially invited.
There will be a brief talk on "Das Maifest"
by Mr. Hans Pick.
La Sociedad Hispanica offers two schol-
arships to the 1943 Summer Session of the
National University of Mexico. Any stu-
dent who wishes to apply, please see Pro-
fessor E. A. Mercado in Room 302 Romance
Language Building.
Senior women-interested in enlisting in
the WAVES, the WAACs, or the SPARs
should contact Dean Alice Lloyd, Dr.
Margaret Bell, or Dr. Margaret Elliott
Tracy before applying to recruitment
headquarters. Seniors applying for these
services must have a letter of reco.n-
mendation from this committee as part
of their application materials.
Alice C. Lloyd,
Dean of Women
Engineers: Carbide & Carbon Chemi-I
cals Corporation are sending a representa-
Chamber of Commerce convention in
New York that precisely the reverse1
is true. We still have more shipping1
than either equipment or men. "We
still have difficulties in providing
essential cargo for the shipping which
is still available to us," is the way he£
"]i if nti -T nor yuxar_ n-+ ,_

tive to interview engineers graduating in
May, August and October on May 7 and
May 8. Call Bureau of Appointments,
Ext. 371, immediately for an appointment.
Pay checks are ready for those girls who
worked on the Buildi'ngs and Grounds .up
to April 25, and may be obtained at the
Sub-station behind Waterman gym.
Academic Notices
Biological Chemistry Seminar il miet
on Monday, May 3, at 4 p.m., in 319 West
Medical Building. "The Chemistry of the.
Cell-Nucleus and Cytoplasm" will be dis-
cussed. All interested are invited. Note
change in time.
Provisional 'Rifle Company: The 'com -
pany will meet at the old ROTC Hdqs. at
1:00 p.m. today for an entrenchment pro-
lem. Marine Reservists, ROTC and NOTC
Cadets are strongly urged to attend.
Qualifying Examinations for Dirkedd
Teaching (Education D100) will be given
today at 1:00 p.m. in the auditorium of
the University 'High School.
Comprehensive 'Examiniation in Educa-
tion will be given today at 1:30 p.m. in
the University High School Auditorium.
Doctoral Examination for Ernest Howard
Hollingsworth, Chemistry; thesis: "Altera-
tion of the 'Surface 'Propeies of Calie "
will'be held today -at 1:00 p.m., in 309
Chemistry. Chairman, F. E. Bartel.
By action of the Exieutive Board, the
chairman may invite members of the
faculties and advanced doctoral candi-
dates to attend these examinations and
he may grant permission to those who for
sufficient reason might wish to be present.
--C. S. Yo'akumn
May Festival Performers:
Salvatore Baccaloni, Basso Buffo, Wed-
nesday night.
Fritz Kreisler, Violinist, Thursday ight.
Frederick Jage, Tenor, Thursday and
Saturday nights.
Astrid V'arnay, "Soprano, Nriday after-
Lily Pons, Soprano, Friday night.
Vladimir Horowitz, Pianist, Saturday
Kerstin Thorborg, Contralt, Satrday
Stella Roman, Soprano, Saturday night.
Alexander Kipnis, Bass,'Saturday night.
Eugene Ormandy, Conductor, Wednes-
day and Thursday nights, and Saturday
afternoon and night._
Saul Caston, Conductor, Friday after-
noon and night.
Hardin Van Deursen, Conductor, Thurs-
day night.
Marguerite Hood, . Conductor, Friday
Philadelphia Orchestr'a at all conderts.
University Choral Union, Thursday and
Saturday nights.
Festival Youth Chorus, Friday afternoon.
Stanley and Stock choral works, Thitrs-
day night.
Verdi's Requiem, .Saturday night.
A limited nUmber of tickets for the in-
dividual concerts are available at the of-
fices of the University Musical Society in
Burton Memorial Tower.
The reital for 715 p.m. Sunday, May 2,
by Percival Price, University Carillonneur,
will consist of compositions by Purcell and
van den Gheyn, and a group of Soviet
marches. Charts showing the entire pro-
grams of the spring series of recitals are
available in the office of the School of
Exhibition: Pottey by Foster and Haile
Sponsored by the , useum of Art and

from 9:00 to 12:00. Soldiers
are invited. Refreshments.

Coming Events
The Women's Research Club will hold
its Annual 'Dinner Meeting on Monday,
May 3, at 6:30 p.m.-at the Michigan League.
Dean Alice C. Lloyd will talk on- "The
Impact of the War on Women and Higher
Senior Society will meet Monday eve-
ning.at 7:15 in the League.
Karl Marx Society will meet on Sunday. /
May 2, in the Union at 3:30 p.m. 'The
topic 'bf the discussion will be "The Na-
ture of the Soviet Union." Everyone is
cordially invited.
First Congregational Church:
9:00 -a~m. 'Church School will hae 'a
Fiesta breakfast, with program on Mexico.
10:45 a.m. Public worship. Sermon by
Dr. L. A. Parr on "Demaning the Great,
Despising the Little."
7:00 p.m. Joint meeting of Congrega
tional and Disciples Guilds. Annual elec-
tion of officers. Refreshments and social
Unitarian Church:
Sunday, 11:00 a.m.: May Forum: 'ev.
Harold P. Marley, minister ofrthe en.
tarian Church of Dayton, Ohio, will speak
en: "The Motives of Men."
Sunday, 4:00 p.m.: Memorial Service for
Mr. Charles Batchelor.
First . Methodist Church and .Wesley
Foundation: Student Class at 9:30 a.m.
Professor George E. Carrothers will lead
the discussion on the subject: "Happiness
Through the Family." Morning Worship
at'10:40 o'clock. Dr..Samuel J. Harxison,
President of Adrian Cole'ge will Peach
on "ro Whom Shall We Go?" Weslean.
Guild meeting at 6:00 p.m. Dr. Harrison
will be the speaker. Supper and fellow-
ship hour 'at 7:00 p.m.
Lutheran Student Chapel:
Sunday at 11:00 a.m. Divine Servie in
the Michigan League Chapel. Sermon hy
the Rev. Alfred Scheips: "Wayside Hear-
The First Baptist Church:
10:00 a.ni.: Members of the toeri.lI-
1hams Class will meet with the Graduate
class in the Church.
11:00 a.m.: Sermon by Rev. C. H. Loucks.
6:00 p.m.: Those members of the Roger
Williams Guild who did not go out, on
Retreat are welcome to have supper and
meet with the Westminster Guild. At
7:00 p.m. the Westminster Guild is having
a guest speaker and chalk-talker from
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church: 8:00.a.rn
holy Communion; 11:00 a.m. . Junioir
'Chuich; 11:00 a.m. Holy Conmunioi end
Sermon by the Rev. Robt. M. Muir; 5:00
p.m.. Evening Prayer and Commentary by
the Rev. John G. Dahl; 5:45 p.m.'H-Square
Club, Page Hall; 6:00.p.m. Clergys' 6tues-
tion Hour; 7:30 p.m. Canterbury Club for
Episcopal Students, Harris Hall.
Menorial Christian Church (fisiples'):
10:45-Morning worship. The Rev. Fred-
erick Cowin, Minister.
7:00 p.m., Guild Sunday Evening Hour.
Congregational and Disciple studenits will
meet at the Congrgational Church Xodr the
annual election of officers. A "soial hou-r
and refreshments will follow the meeting
First Pfesbjterian Church:
Morning Worship-10:4, "The Beyo
Within" subject of sermon by Dr. W. P.
Westminster Student Gunhd-6:00 .m1.
supper. Mr. Arthur A. Sinclair of DeV'roit
at 7:00 p.m. will give a chalk talk ohn "A

and civilians

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