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May 01, 1943 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-05-01

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Miners Already on


U. S. Discontinues Relations with Martinique

Navy Watches
In Caribbean
Hull Cites Robert's
Allegiance to Vichy
And Nazi Regimes
Associated Press Correspondent
WASHINGTON, April 30. - The
United States has broken of re-
lations with Martinique and our
Navy is watching developments in
the island territory-only segment of
the once-vast French Colonial Em-
pire which is not under the Axis heel
and yet remains aloof from the war.
Secretary of the Navy Knox,
speaking late today several hours af-
ter Secretary Hull had announced
the abrogation of informal agree-
ments with Martinique, declined to
indicate what the next American
move would be, but observed:
"We have representatives right
there in Martinique."
Knox explained that the Navy has
"always had observation there" at
the island. He told a press conference
there is no special patrol of American
warships around the island, but ex-
plained that Martinique lies amid
America's Caribbean defenses, where
ships and planes constantly operate.
Secretary Hull, in a blistering
note to the French High Commis-
sioner, Admiral George Robert, said
the United States will not continue
to "recognize or negotiate with any
French representative in the Antilles
who remains subservient or main-
tains contact with the Vichy regime"
in France, which he denounced as
"now an integral part of the Nazi
Torma To Speak
On Campus Co-ops
William Torma of the Central
States Cooperative will speak at 1:30
today in the Unioh on "The Relation
of Campus Cooperatives to the Co-
operative Movement as a Whole." ,
Mr. Torma's lecture will highlight
the Midwest Federation of Campus
Cooperatives' Convention this week-
end. In his speech Mr. Torma will
stress the part which specialists,
such as engineers, may play in the
cooperative movement. After Mr.
Torma's talk movies of cooperative
activities will be shown. The public
is invited to attend this meeting.
A panel discussion on education,
personnel and finance in the future
of the federation will be held at 9:30
today in the Union.
A dance will be held at the Robert
Owens House this evening.

Germans Open Bloody
Tunisia Counter Thrust
Americans Make Slight Gains, British Hold
As Axis Throws in Tanks in All-Front Drive

They Are Readiy for the

S truiggle

More Than Half
Million To Strike
UMW Suggests Renewal of Negotiations
With Mine Operators in Soft Coal Areas
By The Associated Press '
NEW YORK, April 30.- Despite President Roosevelt's ultimatum to
stay on the job, more than a half million coal miners were set tonight to
strike and paralyze the industry which would imperil operation of many
vital war plants.
More than 100,000 miners already are on strike.
UMW Alternative Way Out Ignored
John L. Lewis's United Mine Workers, replying to the President's order,
still insisted on contracts and assailed the War Labor Board but suggested
one way out-a renewal of collective bargaining negotiations with mine
operators in the soft coal areas. No word on the new move came immedi-
ately from the White House.
Lewis said late in the day that he had no plans for leaving New York.
There had been rumors that he probably would go to some central head-
quarters in the coal mining regions.

NORTH AFRICA, April 30.-(AP)-
Axis defensive smashes reached the
proportions of a counter-offensive
today as enemy tanks and infantry
were flung against recently captured
Allied positions all along the front.
The fighting rose to the bloodiest
pitch since -the British, Americans
and French began their all-front
drive to throw the enemy into the
British First Army Beats Back
Before the strongest of all Axis
counterattacks-against the Diebel
Bou Aoukaz overlooking the open
plain leading down to Tunis- the
British First Army was beating back
strongly from generally maintained
To the north the Americans made
slight gains, although forced to fight
off unending enemy counter-thrusts.
Dispatches from the field put one
American force, fighting alongside
Army Engine
Courses Will
Graduate 84
Three More Classes
Beginning May 10 Will
Include 50 Women
Army Ordnance Material Inspec-
tion and Aircraft Inspection courses
conducted in the engineering school
will graduate 37 and 47 trainees, re-
spectively, at 3 p.m. Thursday in
Room 348 of the West Engineering
The courses, which for ten weeks
each, train especially selected work-
ers to return to defense plants
throughout the country as inspectors.
Three more 'courses, Ordnance Ma-
terial Inspection, Aircraft Inspection
and Ordnance Engineering Aides will
be begun on May 10, with fifty wom-
en enrolled in the first two and 25
in the third.
Prof. E. J. Leshner of the aero-
nautical engineering department will
supervise courses in airplane drafting
and weight control, advanced air-
plane drafting, and airplane lay-
out and stress analysis beginning
May 10 and May 17 at the Stimson
Aircraft Company at Wayne. The
courses, which consist of 150 class
hours each, will be taught for select-
ed employes by company engineers.

the French, within three miles of
Lake Achkel and within 20 airline
miles southwest of Bizerte itself. This
was in the Sedjenane valley.
French Force Advances
Another French force, beating for-
ward upon Bizerte alone the Medi-
terranean coast, advanced 21/2 miles
to the Djebel Touro to a point about
22 miles west of Bizerta. To the
south French troops operating below
Pont du Fahs captured the 1,712-foot
Djebel Derhafla.
Last IFC Sing
Cof Duration To
Be/Held Monday
Under the sponsorship of Inter-
fraternity Council, the last Interfra-
ternity Sing for the duration of the
war will be held at 7:15 p.m. Monday
on the steps of the library.
The seven competing fraternities
expect to present a program of the
same caliber as they have in past
years, Dick Emery, '43E, IFC presi-
dent and co-chairman of the Sing,
said yesterday.
The program will include two guest
artists, the Women's Glee Club with
an original rhumba written and ar-
ranged by Bill Sawyer, and Kappa
Kappa Gamma, sorority winners of
last year's Lantern Night, who will
sing the "Kappa Sweetheart Song."
Judges for the event will be Bill
Sawyer, Prof. David Mattern, of the
Schools of Music and Education, and
Rose Marie Grentzer, Instructor in
the School of Music.
Two trophies will be presented to
the winning fraternity, the rotating
cup donated by Balfour Jewelers,
which each year goes to the top
place house, and a cup which will
remain in the permanent possession
of the fraternity, donated by Ulrich's,
Slater's, Wahr's, and Follett's Book
The house placing second will re-
ceive a permanent cup donated by
the Ann Arbor Milk Dealers Associ-
ation, and the third ranking frater-
nity will be awarded a permanent
cup given by the Burr, Patterson, and
Auld Co. Miss Ruth Ann Oakes,
manager of Burr, Patterson, and
Auld, will present the trophies.

... the dictator of the UMW who
has offered to call off strike if
WLB is thrown out of controversy.

. . the Chief who has ordered all
miners back to work by 10 a.m.
today or else.

Bond D'ie Tiles Goal;
Tag Day Nets $1,298

County Contribi s i-i Total
Of $147,675 in April Sale
The University ended the Second
National Bond drive by almost trip-j
ling their assigned quota. When the'
sales were tallied yesterday they
reached a total of $147,675 after the
busiest day of the drive.
Goal for the University was $50,000
in the sale of series "E" bonds, plus
as many bonds of other series as pos-
sible. When the drive was officially
closed the score card read: sale of
series "E" bonds $85.550; sales of
other series, $38,100; purchases from
other agencies, $10,775 and payroll
savings purchases $13.250.
Omitting the payroll purchases
470 'individuals on campus bought
bonds during April. The average pur-
chase of series "E" bond was $203.21,

Moiw' To Give City Boys
Month at Fresh Air Camp
Students, faculty and townspeople
were "very generous" in contributing
to the twenty-third annual Tag Day
drive held yesterday as 400 volun-
teers collected a total of $1,173, a
factory donated $25 and businessmen
of Ann Arbor gave $100.60, making
a grand total of $1,298.83.
"Considering the bad weather, the
reduced number of students on cam-
pus, and numerous other drives to
which students have already contrib-
uted, we are very pleased with the
results of this year's Tag Day," Prof.
F. N. Menefee, faculty chairman of
the Fresh Air Camp committee, said.
The money from this drive will
be used to send boys from Detroit
and other metropolitan areas to the

and purchases ranged from $18.75 to Fresh Air Camp for a month's vaca-
the limit of $10,000 for any one fain- tion as a part of the social rehabilita-
ily. tion program.
Fifty-six purchases were made yes- "We appreciate the fine coopera-
terday making it the busiest day in tion of the students and we wish to
the number of customers. These last thank all those who volunteered their
minute purchasers bought $7,625 in services in the drive," Professor
honds Menefee added.

Foreign Student
Counselor To Be
Honored Today
International Center
To Fete Prof. Nelson
At Banquet Ceremony
In tribute to his years of loyal and
understanding work as Counselor to
Foreign Students, Prof. J. Raleigh
Nelson, who is retiring at the end of
the semester, will be honored at a
dinner at 6:30 p.m. today in the
League by students of the Interna-
tional Center.
All of the foreign students on cam-
pus as well as Prof. Nelson's friends
will attend the banquet, which will
also commemorate his 70th birthday.
Among the speakers are Pres. Alex-
ander G. Ruthven, Dr. Chih Meng,
Director of the China Institute of
America, Dr. Edgar' J. Fisher, head of
the State Department Committee on
the Adjustment of Foreign Students
and his assistant Dr. Richard Pattee.
Prof. Nelson is a graduate of Ann
Arbor High School, and received his
A.B. degree from the University in
1894. He has been connected with
the University since 1908, first as
instructor in English, and later as
head of the English engineering de-
partment, prior to his appointmentR
as Counselor to Foreign Students in
The dinner will also honor Mrs.
Alfred Nye, secretary of Prof. Nelson,
who is leaving the International Cen-
ter at the end of the semester.
"It is clear that it is not because
things are going well with us that
the Germans are babbling about
peace," he said.
Stalin Foresees
Second Front
To Break Nazis
LONDON, May 1 (Saturday)-
(P)- Premier Joseph Stalin declared
today that shattering American-
British blows in the west foreshad-
owed the opening of a second front
which would "break the backbone"
of a Germany already facing catas-
trophe and engaged in a furious
"peace babble."
Calling for the "unconditional sur-
render of Hitlerite Germany," the
Russian leader in a May Day order
of the day echoed the Casablanca
words of President Roosevelt and
Prime Minister Churchill, and added:
"The time is approaching when
the Red Army together with the
armies of our Allies will break the
hankhonne of the Fascist beast."

At the same time he said no mines
west of the Mississippi River are
affected at present, as operators and
miners there have separate contracts.
Walkout Set for Midnight
Anthracite miners and operators
although still negotiating, agreed the
miners in the hard coal fields would
join the soft coal union men in the
wholesale walkout at the midnight
Agreements were reached between
operators and miners in the southern
bituminous and anthracite fields for
maintenance crews to remain on
duty in the mines after others walk-
out. These crews will keep the blow-
ers running and thus keep the air
changed below ground and do other
necessary jobs-but they will not
mine coal.
Secretary of Labor Perkins late to-
day at Washington certified the an-
thracite dispute over wages to the
War Labor Board, clearing the way
for its handling by the government
along with the soft coal controversy.
Hard Coal Negotiations Deadlocked
The operators and miners in the
hard coal negotiations here had ar-
ranged 'to resume their discussions
tomorrow although previously having
admitted being deadlocked.
The War Labor Board last Wednes-
day sent the soft coal case to Presi-
dent Roosevelt because of the failure
of John L. Lewis and his men to be-
come a party to its consideration of
the issues.
There are approximately 450,000
soft coal miners in the nation's fields
and about 83,000 in anthracite mines.
workers Absent
As Deadlie Nears
PITTSBURGH, April 30.-P)-
Quietly, and with no sign of disorder,
thousands of soft coal miners on
night shifts in Pennsylvania failed to
report for duty tonight rather than
be found on the job after the mid-
night deadline set by the United
Mine Workers of America.
As shifts changed at 10:30 and 11
p.m. EST reports from many towns
throughout the greatest bituminous
producing region of the nation
showed the wheels of industry grad-
ually slowing in the face of the stop-
page ordered by the UMW on the
grounds that its contract with the
operators expired at midnight.
Approximately 117,000 men are
employed in Pennsylvania, and more
than 40,000 had quit previously 'as
the stoppage gained momentum.
Nominees for WLB
Local Panel Selected
Labor and industry nominees in
the Ann Arbor-Ypsilanti area to sit
on Regional War Labor Board tri-
partite panels in labor dispute cases
in Michigan were announced today
hv Edwin E Witte .rPinnal director

6 u"1.40.

Fun-Seekers Participated Last
Night iim All-Campus Serenade

.. I



University May Train Army Officers

In spite of the blustery wind;
a good number of fun-seekers turned
out last night to hear and participatef
in the All-Campus Serenade present-
ed on the library steps by the Men's
Glee Club under the direction of Prof.
David Mattern.
Spectators packed the steps, flood-
ed by spot lights, to hear the glee
club, which gathered around a piano}
in front of the main door. They soon
forgot the cold when the varsity men
started singing? Many of the old

favorites were given, including "In
College Days." "The Victors' Song,"
and "When Night Falls, Dear" in
which the audience, getting into the
spirit of the occasion, entered too.
Some of the special numbers were
"Johnny Smoker," "Little Brown
Jug," and "Drink, Drink, Joy Rules
the World." The glee club's well-
known performance of the perennial
favorite, "The Bum Army," drew en-
thusiastic applause from the listen-

The Board of Regents announced
yesterday that the University is
being considered by the Army as a
training center for Army officers
who will take charge of civilian
administration in occupied coun-
Pres. Alexander G. Ruthven was
authorized by the Board of Re-
gents to begin work on courses and
facilities for such a program, al-
though no contracts have yet been
signed. This action by the Board,
however, clears the way for nego-
tiations with the Army.
Board Makes Appointments
In their regular monthly meeting

Murtland of the School of Educa-
tion was announced; Prof. Murt-
land has been a member of the
Vocational Education staff for the
past 24 years. The regents grant-
ed Prof. Harold Wethey, chairman
of the department of Fine Arts, a
leave of absence to act as visiting
profbssor at the University of Tuc-
uman, Argentina.
Leaves of Absence Granted
Leaves of absence were also giv-
en to Prof. Paul N. Bukovsky, de-
partment of mechanism and en-
gineering drawing and to William
H. Stuffins, instructor in the
school of music.
At the request of the Chinese

$840 from the Martha Cook Build-
ing - Operation Account; $1,000
from the American Wildlife Insti-
tute to establish the Wildlife Insti-
tute Trust Fund; $25,000 from the
estate of Arthur C. Tagge for
scholarships; $15,045 from the De-
partment of State "for the pur-
pose of having the University con-
duct for the period of one year
an English Language Institute in
conjunction with the Benjamin
Franklin Institute in Mexico City;.
also from the Department of State,
a grant of $11,250 for the training
of English teachers for service in
other American republics; and
$120,000 from the National Foun-
dation for Tnfantile Paralysis, a

_____ The glee club dedicated a rendition
of "'ll Ne'er Forget My College Days"
New Farm Labor to friends in the service, since many
of their members have entered the
Pain] Ij~r"nou n le armed services and many of those
present were in uniform. A special
WASHINGTON, April 30.--( PI tribute was made to the Russian
Armed with a special appropriation people in the singing of the Russian
of $26,100,000, Food Administrator song, "Stenka Razin," one of the
Chester C. Dats inaugurated today munbers given by the Don Cossacks
a broad program designed to provide 'when they appeared in Ann Arbor
farmers with sufficient labor to pro- this year. The program was closed

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