THE MICHIGAN DAILY
S ATMM, APRIL ",
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Food for Europe? .
THOUGHT that this summer
would put an enld to all debates
upon the subject of whether it
would be sensible and profitable to
feed-Starving Europe. At that time
(The Daily, August 15, 1942), Mi-
cromegas, long since gone to war,
brought up the same subject but
contrary to Mr. Monroe Fink's ar-
gument, upheld sending food to
Europe (China, Russia, and India,
too!). And like all those who know
little about the" actual conditions
prevailing, yours truly lambasted
Micromegas all over the lot. And
after I finished, I found in The
Daily an answer to my arguments
against feeding Europe. In fact I
found more than an answer: Mi-
cromegas changed my viewpoint
from that of an outright "blockade
artist" to that of an outright "send
'em food artist!" Now that Mi-
cromegas has gone to war, I would
like to uphold his beliefs to the
best of my ability.
Mr. Fink has two points which
he adopts as sufficient reason
for ending the shipment of all
food to Europe. The second point
is that he doubts whether suffi-
cient food is available. This
argumentis mere trivia, and not
pertinent to the main question.
It does not have the slightest
bearing upon the problem, for if
we can get any food at all, the
little -we can get would help
someone. The real question, the
obvious problem, is "Who will
get the food, the Germans, or
the deserving oppressed?" That
is the essence of Mr. Fink's first
MICROMEGAS answered this
question last summer when he
said, "It would be silly to send
food to Europe and not to insist
that one's own representatives dis-
tribute it. Both the International
Red Cross and the Quakers have
enviable records of distributing
food under agreements, and both
have withdrawn help immediately
when occupying troops have acted
in bad faith."
Continuing his arguments, Mi-
cromegas pointed out that it
would be -silly to abandon the
plan without even giving it a
trial. Mr. Fink cited Greece as
an example where the plan was
tried and failed, but qualified his
statement by saying that "great
work has been done in relieving
the people's suffering." He fur-
ther stated that while this suf-
fering was being alleviated, al-
most 40 per cent of the food was
leaking into enemy hands. Evi-
dently the plan has not the Red
Cross supervision it needs. But
that does not detract from the
fact that some suffering has
been relieved. And every Greek
who drinks a bottle of Red Cross
milk will be that much more
grateful, and that much more
willing to arise when the time
comes to strike the conquerors
Instead of assuming that "the
only effect which feeding the con-
quered nations could have would
be to keep the people from the
verge of starvation, while prolong-
ing the trouble which is responsible
for thir plight", which is Mr. Fink's
viewpoint, we ought to realize that
as long as the United Nations make,
life unbearable for the Europeans,
we are losing the battle., For it is
as sure as the day is long that ev-
ery starving person in Europe is,
just that much more susceptible
to German propaganda. AND THIS
TIME IT WOULDN'T BE PROPA-
GANDA - IT WOULD BE THE
TRUTH! Knowing that the food
they eat comes from the United,
Nations (and if they didn't know
it, they would be blind), it is only
common sense to realize that by
this means we are helping further,
our own ultimate victory. It was
done in 1914, and was SUCCESS.
FUL. It can be done again - it
must be done again.
R ADIO announced this norning
(April. 9) that in the opinion
of a professor of pedagogy in the
University of Michigan we shall
have to train a great many teach-
ers to re-educate the German
To carry out this admirable pro-
gram by employing an army of
Americans trained in pedagogy, it
would be necessary first of all. to
decide between using the an-
alphabetic Indian sign language,
or deaf and dumb gesture lan-
guage, on the one hand; and sim-
plifying the German language so
as to adapt it to the average mind
without frustration. In the latter
case, the article could be reduced
to one form, DIE, and gender
could be abolished.
A teaching job of this kind
requires knowledge and skill;
and these are acquired by sub--
stance education. Unfortunately,
we do not live In the Dr. Doolittle
world. In .Germany even littli
children .use German, in their
innocent play. If Americans in
large numbers are going to try
to teach Germans In Germany,
they will not make friends and
influence people. Our standards
are nothigh. In American news-
papers the average for German
quotations Is one word, one mis-
take, two words, three mistakes.
LIEBESLIED appears as LEI-
The German-Americans in gen-
eral are no better, and are often
worse. Creating a large, number
of jobs for jobsters would not in-
crease the number of Americans
capable of using German. That
sort of competence Is the result, of
years of education of the old-
fashioned kind that cares nothing
about frustration, social adjust-
ment, and leadership.
W. H. Worrell
NIGHT EDITOR: JANE FARRANT
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are wrilten by members of The Daily staff
and represent liw views of he writers only.
19n4.).Chtcago Timcs. lnf.
Creal Proposal May,
Weaken Building Code
rfIE two proposed amendments to Ann Arbor's
building safety code were temporarily tabled
at Thursday night's meeting of the Town
The reason for taking this action arose from
the passage of a new proposal by Alderman Cecil
Creal. This new plan provides that the Ordi-
nance Committee investigate the possibility of
separating the ordinances regulating hotels from
those dealing with theatres. Thus, since the two
pending amendments had grouped hotels and
places of amusement in their provisions, it be-
came obvious ,that any consideration of them
would have to wait until the committee could
have a chance to report on Creal's proposal.I
The temporary tabling of the second amend-
ment, which would hae allowed the Majestic
Theatre as well as a host of other "firetraps"
to reopen, marks a victory for public safety in
HOWEVER, there is this great danger in Alder--
man Creal's new'roposA.l It is that in pro-
posing amendments to the city building ordi-
nances necessitated by any separation of its
hotel or theatre provisions, these provisions in
undergoing the transition may unconsciously or
perhaps intentionally be weakened.
It is not enough that Ann' Arbor have safe
places of amusement. It also, as was well
illustrated by the tragic fire which took the
life of Agnes Day- Gilson, should have safe
housing for its inhabitants. The tremendous
influx of war workers into this area, whose
safety is a national necessity, makes'thiseven
In its attempt to clarify the building code, the
Ordinance Committee should be careful lest
simplification become just another means to
achieve a relaxation of the code:
- Monroe Fink
Politicians Must Change
To Wartine Thinking
OLITICIANS in the United States have not
yet converted to wartime thinking.
Last week a Southeastern Governor's Confer-
ence was held in Tallahassee. Fla. The governors
of the five states represented devoted their dis-
cussion to the question of whether or not their
particular states should continue to support the
Administration. Constructive criticism on the
part of the opposition is a valuable function of
political parties. However, the governors of Ala-
bama, Louisiana, North Carolina, Tennessee,
Georgia and Florida are apparently uninterested
in offering criticism which will bring about
administrative reforms in the conduct of the
Three of' the main issues considered at the
conference were: New Deal "meddling" with
the Negro problem, New Deal labor legisla-
tion (which conflicts with the open-shop pol-
icy of the South), and the farm policy and
.rri(e control (which Southern farmers dis-
0 FAR as Georgia is concerned, we are going
to thee who offer us the most, declared
Gove.nc ' E G. Arnall. In other words, Arnall
and others like him are not trying to answer the
questiori. "What can we contribute to the war
effort?" but "What party will give us the most?"
Sectionalism belongs in the same class as
U.S. Experts Must Act
As Leaders in Europe
T AE American people have begun to express
a growing awareness of the problem of find-
ing potential leaders for the post-war recon-
struction program of Europe.
It has been proposed that certain qualified
Germans, now cooperating only by compulsion
with the Nazis, be allowed to take over the im-
mense problem of carrying on the administration
of a totally disrupted and prostrated Germany
after the war. These potential leaders living
through the Nazi regime and knowing inti-
mately all its developments, will be able, as no
others, to suggest and direct plans for a tem-
pdrary and then permanent government of a
chaotic Germany beaten to her knees.
The German people are ninety per cent be-
hind the Nazi regime, and with the defeat of
this super political structure will come a wave
of cohfusion and certain psychological changes.
Only leaders who know the people-who have
lived 'vitl then through the war years-can
diagnose and formulate with any clarity a
program of lasting value which will have its
root'in the minds and beliefs of the German
THIS solution is, without doubt, one of the best
proposals, but there are obstacles in the way.
It is not often realized that few-very few-of
these qualified people will be left out of the
present systematic German executions. There is
a feeling now among the National Socialists
whih can' be summed up in the famous words
of Louis XIV, "Apres-moi le deluge." If the Nazis
are to be defeated, they want to destroy every-
thing within reach: and since this cannot be
carried out on an international scale, they are
directing their energy to those people within
reach-certain conspicuous people around whom
oppositional blocs might form. We must not
expect to shift too much of the burden of recon-
struction administration upon the shoulders of
these people, for there will be few left who were
not 200% Nazis.
Another 'plan for finding potential leaders for
Germany has been suggested by Louis' Adamic;
prominent foreign-born author. He has pro-
posed that after the war certain American-born
citizens of German descent be sent back to Ger-
many for there would be a certain racial and
linguistic bond in their favor.
However, they could raly have a small, indi-
rect influence in using this bond as an assump-
tive basis of kinship on which to win the
confidence of the people they are to help.
There would be a certain resentment against
them). The German ped ple would feel that
they had left the country during'a period of
need-whether it was fifty or twenty years
ago-and that they were 'intruders. This plan
would have little real value.
O THERS have suggested a program which
would use the thousands of German refugees
as a nucleus for the post-war administration of
Germany. From these would be chosen the most
able ones. But are they really capable? Are
they well-balanced? There would be a certain
bitterness of the refugees toward the people who
had expelled them and there would be a corre-
sponding bitterness on the part of the German
people toward the refugees. The Nazi govern-
ment is not a superficial structure laid over the
German people. The German people are for
their government almost 100% and would resent
these people also. The refugees cannot go back
to retrieve what they ran away from
NEW YORK, April 10.-If I were a teacher,
sent into Germany afterthe war to "re-educate"
.erman youth;' I should insist in using Meffi
Kampf as a textbook. I know I should be hated,
as a foreign usurper, and I would figure'I might
as well make them hate Mein Kamf too.
German youth will hate whatever the for-
eign teacher teaches, because he will be a for-
eigner; the visible symbol of 'German defeat.
There-isno getting around this point. In the'
long caravan of war aims, that for foreign
supervision of German education is the' flat-
test tire of-them all.
THERE IS NO ANSWER
Where, then, do we go from here on the "prob-
lem of German 'education"? We go nowhere.
It is a blind alley. Sometimes the answer is that
there is no answer. We 'can solve the German-
edudation problem only by solving the German
problem. When we take one splinter out of the
German problem, that of education; and isolate
it, ad try to solve it by itself, it turns outto
make 'no sense. Naturally, for the approach
makes no sense.
The average liberal, in contenplating a "fu-
ture for Gcimany, is both curiously soft and'
curiously butalU The suggestion that we are
making war on the German people, as well as
their leaders, pains him. In this field 'he is
soft. But then he skips lightly to a plan for
taking over the German schools, which is ex-
&ndisitly cruel, a plan for the greatest humili-
ation any country could undergo.
By comparison, a straight ultimatum to the
German people that we consider them all our
enemies until they show lnough spunk to make
a democratic revolution, knock over their lead-
ers, and clean house, is kindness itself.
That is a ' kind of compliment to the German
people, for it holds them, in some degree, respon-
sible for their own plight' and their own futures.
It is democratic to that extent.
LIKE IDIOT CHILDREN
The other view, that' the German people are
purely victims of misfortune, that we are com-
ing clippety-cop, to save them from bad men,
and that when we finally arrive we shall treat
them kindly, but like idiot children, with demo-
cratic schools and hot lunches and everything,
is not in the least democratic. It takes all re-
sponsibility from the German people for what
they are doing at this very moment, and it prom-
ises them a future regardless; except that it shall
be a future we shall invent, while they lie inert,
like a mattress, and wait for it. We will write
The seemingly harder approach is actually
much kinder. It denies that the Germans are
mental delinquents who have to be the wards of
somebody, either Hitler or us. It says to them:
"You got into this, now'get out of it,"
We' have' set' revolutionary tasks for the
Czechs, the French" and the Poles. We do not
in the least say that we love those Czechs
French and Poles who are content with Hitler.
We say quite frankly the reverse. To set the
Germans the same revolutionary task is to
invite them into the same brotherhood. The
way to bring' the Germans back into society
is not to tell them that we love them, regard-
less of what they do, but to tell then quite
frankly that we have the same feeling about a
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETINI
SATURDAY, APRIL 10, 4943
VOL. LIII No. 135 ,
All notices for the aily official Bul-
letin 'are to be sent t the Office of the
President in typewritten form by' 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, excelt on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Faculty Tea: President and Mrs. Ruth-
ven will be at home to members of the
faculty and other townspeople Sunday
afternoon, April 11, from 4 to 6 o'clock,
Cars may park in the restricted zone on
South University -between 4:00 and 6:30
To Members of the University Council:
There will be a m'eting of the University
Council, Mondpay, April 12, at 4:15 p.m.
in the Rackham Amphitheatre. Univer-
sity Senate Memberr are Invited.
Seniors: The firm which furnishes di-
plomas for the University has sent the
following caution: "Please warn graduates
not to store diplomas in cedar chests.
There is enough of the moth-killing aro-
matic oil in the average cedar chest to
soften inks of any kind that might be
stored inside them, resulting in seriously
damaging the diplomas."
Shirley W. Smith
SyracuseluUniversity Luncheon: There
will be a luncheon in honor of the new
Chancellor of Syracuse University, Dr.
William P. Tolley. at the Michigan League
on Wednesday, April 21, at 12:15 p.m. It
is hoped that all alumni and former
students and faculty members of Syra-
cuse University will make a special effort
to attend the luncheon. Phone 2-1176 for
reservations which must be in by April 17.
Kenneth L. Jones
Seniors and Graduate Students, who
have been invited to be guests of honor.
at the Twentieth Annual Honors Convo-
cation, are requested to order caps and
gowns at the Moe Sport Shop immediately.
It is necessary that they be ordered this
week to be delivered in time for the Con-
vocation on April 16.
Ira M. Smith, Secretary,
Committee on Honors Convocation
Dinner in honor of Professor A. II.
White's 70th Birthday: Reservations for
this dinner must he made through Pro-
fessor G. G. Brown's office by April 15.
Any'%friends inadvertently omitted from
the Invitation list are cordially invited,
ands may obtain particulars by calling
Choral Union Members: There will be a
full rehearsal of the Chorus on Monday
evening, April 12, at 7 o'clock at the
School of Music Building, instead of Tues-
day evening as originally scheduled.
School of Music Students expecting de-
grees in May must complete and return
to the office of the School of Music not
latr than April 20 the applications for
such degrees which were recently re-
ceived by mail. Individual records are
not complete until the completed: blanks
are on file.
Students who plan to enter one of the
following professional schools: Medicine,
Law, Dental Surgery, Nursing, Business
Administration, Forestry and Conservation.
at the beginning of the fall term on the
Combined Curriculum must file an appli-
cation for this Curriculum in the Office,
of the Dean of the College. of Literature,
Science, and the Arts, 1210 Angell. Hall,
on or before April 20. After this date
applications will be accepted only upon
the presentation of a satisfactory excuse
for the delay and the payment of a fee
Sophonmore Women: Petitions for the
central committee of your Juni' or Girls'
Project are due by 5:00 p.m. Monday,
April 12. In the Undergraduate Office of
the League. Interviewing will be held
Tuesday, April 13, through Friday, April
16, from 3:30 to 5:30 p.m. Sign up for
time of interview when you bring in your
petition, and bring eligibility card to the
To Hopwood Contestants: All manu-
scripts must be. in the Enggish Office,.
3221 Angell Hall, by 4:30 p.m., Monday,
R. W. Cowden
Bacteriology 312 Seminar will meet Tues-
day, April 13, at 4:15 p.m. in Room 1564
East Medical Building. Subject: "Lymph-
ocytic Choriomeningitis." All interested
The Provisional Rifle Company will meet
this evening at 7:30 at the old ROTC
Fidqs. for a night problem. Any Univer-
31ty student who is interested in army'
field work may enroll, and, reservists,
ROTC and NROTC cadets are strongly
urged to attend. Dark clothing suitable.
for field work will be worn.
Greek 166 (Mythology): The mid-term,
test will be held on Thursday, April 15.
Exhibition, College of Architectuen
Design:, Drawings made, by Pu ebl o ndlin
children of the Art Department In ( the
Indian School. at Albuquerque, New Mex-
ico. Ground floor corridor cases, Archi-
tecture Building. Open daily 9 to 3. except
Sunday, through April 10. The public is
The, twentieteU .annual exhibition of
work by artists of Ann Arbor an vielity
Is being presented by the Ann Arbor Art
Association, I nthe Exhibition Galleries
of the Rackham Building,,. through April
23, dallyj except Sunday; 2 to 5 after-
noons and 7 to 10 evenings. The public
is cordially invited.
The Angell Hall Observatory will be
open to the public from 8:30 to 10:30
this evening if the sky is clear. The moon
and the planet, Jupiter, will be shown
through the telescopes. In case the' sky
is covered or: nearly covered with clouds,
the Observatory will not be open. Chil-
dren must be accompanied by adults.
Phi Delta Kappa membership meeting
will be held In room 3206 In Univermity
High School at noon today. All mnembers
are urged to attend.
First PrebyterianbChurch: From 830 to
11:30 there will be a. special Saturday
night program for the soldiers.
The English Journal Club will 'meet
Tuesday, April 13, at 7:45 p.m., in the East
Conference Room of the Rackham Build-
ing. Mr. Ralph Eberly will read a paper
entitled "A Critical Test for Poetry: EU It
Truthful?" Graduate students and mem-
bers of the faculty are cordially invited.
A.I.Cl.E. will meet at 7:30 p.m. on Mon-
day, April 12, in room 3Q2, Michigan Un-
ion. Professor K. K* Landes will speak on
The Annual French Play: "Le Monde ou
l'on s'ennuie", by Edouard Pailleron, will
be given on Tuesday, April 27, at 8:30
p;m. in Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
St. Andrew's Episcopal Church-8:00 a.m.
Holy Communion; 11:00 a.m. Morning
Prayer and Sermon by the Rev. John G.
Dah; 11:00'a.m. Junior Church; 5:00 p.m.
Choral Evensong and Commentary by the
Rev. Robert M. Muir; 5:45 p.m. H-Square
Club (for high school students), Page
Hal; 6:00 p.m. Rector's Question Sour,
Tatlock Hall; 7:30 p.W. Canterbury 'Club
for Episcopal Students, Harris Jail.
First Baptist Church:
10:00 a.m.: The Roger Williams Class
will meet at the Guild. House, 502 E.
Huron St., to study the Epistles of John.
The Graduate Class will meet in the
11:00 a.m.: Church Services.
7:00 p.m.: At the regular meeting of
the Roger Williams Guild, Mr. Louis Hos-
Doctoral Examination for Fred Ray Ca-
gle, Zoology; thesis: "The Growth of the
Slider Turtle, pseudemys scripta elegans,"
will be held today in 3089 Natural Science,,
at 9:00 a.m. Chairman, N. E. ,Hartwig,
By action of the Executive Board the,
Chairman may invite members of the-
faculties and advanced doctoral candidates
to attend the examination and he may
grant permission to those whofor suffi-
cient reason might wish tq be present.,
C. S. Yoakum
Carillon Concert: Percival Price, Uni-
versity Carillonneur, has planned a series
of spring recitals for Sundays and Thurs-
days at 7:15 p.m. His program for Sunday,
April 11, will include compositions by
Gounod, Lefevere, Prokofiev, and a group
of Negro spirituals.
Organ Recital: Frieda Op't Holt Vogan,
Instructor in Theory and Organ, will con-
clude the Wednesday afternoon organ re-
cital series at 4:15 p.m. on April 14, in