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April 10, 1943 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-04-10

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VOL. LIY No. 135 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, APRIL 10, 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Rommel

Starts

Evacuating Men

to Sicily

Magidoff To Talk Today
For Russian War Relief
Home life on total war's battlefronts, as seen through the eyes of a
woman will be described by Mrs. Nila Magidoff, Russian-born wife of NBC's
Moscow correspondent, at 8 p.m. today in the Rackham Auditorium.
An active air raid warden during the siege of Moscow, Mrs. Magidoff
will bring to Ann Arbor a first-hand picture of the significance of civilian
defense in modern total war. From the platform, she will describe the
personal hardships encountered in a metropolis under siege, and how a
unified effort can overcome daily obstacles that would seem impossible to
overcome.
Analyzed also will be the emotional reactions of a population under
24-hour siege, of nights in air raid ----------

shelters and of days spent in clearing
debris.
Magidoff on Tour
Brought here by the National Rus-
sian War Relief, Inc. of New York
City, and sponsored locally by the
Anm Arbor group of men and women
organized for Russian war relief
work, Mrs. Magidoff is touring the
country in a drive to raise six mil-
lion dollars for medical and emer-
gency aid to the Russian people.
Mrs. Magidoff was evacuated from
Moscow at the request of the State
Department, and returned to this
country shortly after the siege of
Moscow. She found ample cordial-
ity in this country, but told friends,
"I looked upon my idleness in Amer-
ica as disgraceful at a- time when
women in my own country were de-
voting all their energies to fighting
the war."
Finds Lectures Outlet
In her lectures, Mrs. Magidoff has
found an outlet for her desire to ac-
tively participate in today's total
war. "This is my war effort," she
said. "It is my contribution to the
joint efforts of my own country and
that of my husband-Russia and
America."
A former student of literature at
Moscow University, and later a wri-
ter on the staff of the literary gaz-
ette, Mrs. Magidoff has also worked
as associate editor of the French
language newspaper, 'Journal de
Moscow,' in addition to her corre-
spondence work with her announcer-
reporter husband.
Ruthven Selects
ommittee for
WAVE, SPAR
Group Will Choose
University Women
For Naval Reserves
Pres. Alexander Ruthven, acting
with the advice of the Navy Depart-
ment, yesterday appointed Dean Alice
C. Lloyd, Prof. Margaret Elliot Tracy,
and Dr. Margaret Bell to act as a
faculty selection committee for the
new V-9 and W-9, Women's Naval
Enlisted Reserves.
Under the enlistment plan, promis-
ing women of the senior class may
enlist in the WAVES or SPARS and
will be ordered to Officer Training
School upon graduation.
Colleges have been requested to ar-
range for a faculty committee to en-
dorse those candidates whose schol-
astic achievement, extra-curricular
activities, and personal qualifications
retommend them as outstanding
members of the senior class.
A candidate for V-9 (or W-9, the
SPARS Reserve) should apply to the
nearest Office of Naval Officer Pro-
curement and must present the fol-
lowing documents:
A birth certificate, evidence of cit-
izenship, and a statement from the
registrar certifying that upon grad-
uation at a specific date the candi-
date will have the educational quali-
fications required.
Also required are three letters of
recommendation from responsible,
citizens, a letter from the faculty
selection committee endorsing the
candidate as an outstanding mem-
ber of the senior class, the consent
of candidate's parents or guardians
to enlist if candidate is a minor, and
four photographs (two full face and
two profile, size 2% x2%)-
Axis Submarines
Sink British Ship

T CMmnTmT Arnrl A __IAPeAvi, r-T

RAF Bombs
Ruhr Valley in
Heavy Attack 1
Bad Weather Prevents
Observation of Full
Results of Night Raid
LONDON, April 9. -(p)- Heavy
night-raiders of the RAF fought their
way through high winds and icy
clouds, which reached a height of
more than 20,000 feet to unload high
explosives, including many two-ton
bombs, and thousands of incendiaries
on targets in Germany's industrial
Ruhr valley last night.
The weather-some of the worst
Allied raiders have encountered in
months-prevented observation of the
full results of the attack, which the
air ministry described as "heavy."
But even through the thick cloudi
the red glow of many roaring fires
could be seen in the target area, re-
turning pilots reported.
While there was no immediate an-
nouncement of the specific targets,
the principal objectives in the bombed
and heavily defended Ruhr in the
past have been the great industrial
cities of Essen and Duisburg.
Twenty-one bombers failed to re-
turn from the attack, first big night
raid on the continent since last Sun-
day when the RAF battered the big
German naval base and ship build-
ing center of Kiel.
Last night's bomber loss was identi-
cal to that of the last assault on the
Ruhr April 3, when Essen, site of the
huge Krupp Armament Works was
punished with a cascade of 900 tons
of bombs.
English Weeklies
i.n
Condemn Bombing
LONDON, April 9.- (AP)- Two
British liberal weeklies declared edi-
torially today that American day-
light bombing of continental cities is
not "a sane policy" because of the
"useless destruction and ghastly cas-
ualties" that result.,
"Daylight raids always kill a large
number of people," a new statesman
editorial said, "whereas casualties
for night bombing have proved much
smaller than anyone expected."
"These daylight raids have to be
carried out at great height," the
newspaper continued. "Bombs fall
on markets and crowded streets out
of a clear sky. These towns are not
even in the battle area.
"We cannot believe this is a sane
policy. It is a strange story to have
to tell after so much propaganda
about the perfect precision of the
American bomb sight."

V-1,V-7 Men
Get Program ii
For Summiier
Instructed To Continue
Regular Course of
Study Next Semester
Men in the Navy Enlisted Reserve
V-1 and V-7 are instructed to con-
tinue in their regular course of study
and to enroll in the summer term, a
special Navy release received by the
War Board disclosed yesterday.
Of the students assigned to colleges
and universities by the Navy on or
about July 1, approximately 80 per
cent will be students now in college,
who are enlisted in class V-1 or V-7
or who hold probationary commis-
sions in the U.S. Naval Reserve, or in
the Army Enlisted Reserve signed up
on Form A.
Academically these students will be
permitted to finish their courses of
study on the basis of previous an-
nouncements. Medical, dental, and
engineering specialist students will be
allowed sufficient time to complete
the minimum hours to obtain their
professional degrees.
Other students except present sen-
iors, will leave college before finishing
eight full terms of academic work,
but they will be required by the Navy
merely to complete the special group
of courses originally designed as the
minimum in preparation for the gen-
eral service.
. The Navy bulletin further stated
that although such reservists will be
in the same military status as all
others involved in the V-12, none of
them will be required to enter the new
fully prescribed V-12 curricula; but
within the limit of their desired
"major" interest, it is ,expected that
they will take as many of the V-12
courses as possible.
The original plan announced by
Turn to Page 4, Col. 3
Russian Troops.
Kill '1,2OONazis-

Typical British

Sub Now In Action Off Tunisian Coast

The submarine pictured above is typical of those now in action off the Tunisian Coast. With the
cooperation of this unit of the British fleet, Marsh al Rommel's supply lines from Italy are constantly
undergoing attack, as was shown in the recent com bined sea-air attack on Axis shipping in the Medi-
terranean Sea in which 14 ships were sunk.

Allies Wipe Out
34 JapPlanes;
Lose Destroyer
Australian Corvette,
Tanker, Fuel Oil Boat
Bombed by Japanese
WASHINGTON, April 9.- (A')-
The Allies lost a destroyer, a corvette
and a tanker while wiping out 34
planes of the strong Japanese air
force which gave the Guadalcanal
area its heaviest bombardment in
five months, the Navy announced
late today.
One small Allied fuel boat also was
sunk in the Solomon Islands clash
last Wednesday.
The destroyer, damaged by bombs,
sank later while being towed to port.
It presumably was an American ves-
sel, although the communique did
not specify. The corvette, sunk as a
result of damage by bombs, presum-
ably, was Australian. There also was
no designation by nationality of the
bombed tanker and the sunken fuel
oil boat, but most of the craft in this
area are believed to be those of the
United States.
Navy spokesmen said they were
unable to indicate the loss of life, but
that next of kin of all casualties were
being notified as soon as possible.
Imperial Tokyo headquarters had
claimed the sinking of an American
cruiser, destroyer and 10 transports
in the attack, and said Japanese los-
ses were six planes which "crash-
dived into enemy objectives."
American Bombers
Hit Japs at Madung
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
AUSTRALIA, April 10. (Saturday)-
(I)-Striking at vulnerable Japanese
supply bases on the northern coast
of New Guinea, American Mitchells
and Australian Beaufighters bombed
and strafed Madang in a surprise
low-level attack yesterday, destroy-
ing six enemy planes on the ground,
silencing anti-aircraft positions, and
starting huge fires in the dock area,
the High Command announced today.
The Allied raiders fired 63,000
rounds of cannon and machinegun
fire in the coastal sweep which was
only part of widespread operations.

Knox Gives Facts, Figures on
U.S. Navy at War Loan Rally

INDIANAPOLIS, April 9.-(P)-
The growing might of the United
States Navy, with emphasis on air-
plane carrier and destroyer escorts,
was translated into stirring facts and
figures by Secretary Knox tonight at
an Indianapolis rally opening the
Second War Loan Campaign. ,
The Navy in 1943 will complete
more new fighting ships-exclusive of
non-combatant craft-than there
were fighting ships in service at the
end of 1942, the Naval chief disclosed
in his prepared address.
Warning that "the worst of this
war lies ahead of us, and German

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p
19
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fa
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in
c
in
w
tl

One Soviet
Miles from

Unit 27
Balakleya

LONDON, Saturday, April 10-Rus-
sian troops charging out of their de-
fenses near Balakleya, 35 miles south-
east of Kharkov, killed 1,200 Germans
yesterday in hand-to-hand fighting,
Moscow announced early today.
One Red Army unit operating south
of Izyum, 27 miles southeast of Balak-
leya, also "pressed the enemy back
somewhat and improved its posi-
tions," said the midnight communique
recorded by the Soviet monitor. The
enemy left 120 dead on the battle
field in this action, as well as three
destroyed tanks, two mobile artillery
pieces, and a six-barreled mortar, it
added.
A noon bulletin yesterday said the
Germans had lost more than 450
troops in these two sectors in opera-
tions extending through Thursday
night.
The midnight communique said
Soviet troops again had improved
their positions on the central front
where sporadic artillery duels and
scouting operations were carried out
in an area 32 to 50 miles from the
German base of Smolensk.

Drafts b
U
New Ceilings
For Many Items
Lower Food Prices t
Are Shown by Action
Taken at Washington
If
WASHINGTON, April 9. -(P)-
Lowered prices for some foods were
indicated today as OPA drafted dol-
lar-and-cents ceilings for many cost-
of-living items and, with other agen-
cies, hastened to carry out President
Roosevelt's sweeping anti-inflation
order.
Stablization Director James F.
Byrnes, sitting in with Mr. Roose-I
velt at a press conference, said OPA:
hoped to "roll back" prices in aI
number of instances, but did not men-
tion any specific ones.
Ceilings Alm'ost Ready
Mr. Roosevelt disclosed that the
price agency is working on general
dollar-and-cents ceilings in the food
field along the lines of those already
ordered for meat, and Byrnes said
they possibly would be ready to-
morrow.
Along with these disclosures, there
was a series of other major develop-
ments and repercussions as a result of
the President's order.
1. Financing and commodity mark-
ets reacted sharply. Many speculative
holdings were dumped and a swelling
wave in grains sent wheat down
more than two cents a bushel at one!
time in Chicago. Cotton fell off $1
a bale, and stocks in New York were
off one to three points.
Job Freezing
2. War Manpower Commissioner
Paul V. McNutt and his aides began
working on a program to implement.
a section of the Presidential order
authorizing WMC to forbid a worker
to taking a new job at higher pay un-
less it would promote the war effort.
The War Labor Board instructed its
regional offices to stop all wage in-
creases "except those that clearly
come within the 15 per cent limita-
tion of the Little Steel formula." Mr.
Roosevelt's order banned general wage
increases except under this formula
or to correct sub-standard conditions.
Sharfman Requests
Further Evidence
I CHICAGO, April 9.- (A)- I. L.
Sharfman, of the University of Mich-
igan, and chairman of the emer-
gency fact-finding board hearing the
- - - .-I - - --. - .1--. - 'I.. -3

nder-sea power is an ever-increasing
eril," he added:
"We will make further additions in
944 to insure the obliteration of
apanese sea power and to sweep the
3erman and Italian U-boats and sur-
ace ships from the seas."
As for 1943 construction, he said:
"The number of warships in the
ighting fleet will more than double
n a single year.
"The tonnage of new warships
ombatant ships in 1942. In short,
-he tonnage of the fighting fleet will
ncrease by 66 per cent this year,
without allowance for probable bat~
le losses.
"Our effort this year will be marked
iy two special accomplishments
apon which we have bent energy and
.11 our will-airplane carriers and de-
troyer escorts.
"The early phases of the Pacific
war and the carrier losses we sus-
ained and inflicted made it plain
hat success would be influenced
greatly by carrier strength.
"The number of carriers, both large
Lnd auxiliary, completed in 1943 will
nultiply many times our total carrier
orce at the end of 1942."
Kelly Asks Support
For War Loan Drive
LANSING, April 9.- (iP)- Declar-
ing, "the members of our fighting
forces are offering their lives; we
here at home are asked to lend our
money," Governor Kelly in formal
proclamation called today for public
support of the second war loan drive,
opening Monday.
Meeting Michigan's quota of $226,-
488,000 and the national quota of
$13,000,000,000 in three weeks, the
governor declared, "is a gigantic task
that almost staggers the imagina-
tion. But it is a necessary task, and
one from which there is no retreat-
ing."
State treasurer D. Hale Brake an-
nounced concurrently that state gov-
ernment would help Michigan $25,-
000,000 along the way toward meet-
ing its quota.

EMlissolrn i
May Move
Capital
Secret Commissions
Have Been Appointed
To Plan for Evacuation
Of Italians from Rome
By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 10 (Saturday)-
Marshal Rommel has started evacu-
ating some of his key officers and
technicians from Tunisia to Messina,
Sicily, the Daily Express said today.
quoting London sources.
The newspapers said that during
the past few days ferry transport
planes have been operating between
Messina and the Tunis-Bizerte de-
fense ring on a non-stop shuttle
schedule.
Government May Leave Rome
Reuters reported in a Zurich dis-
patch today that Premier Mussolini
was understood to be preparing to
evacuate his government from Rome.
The dispatch said Mussolini was
reported to have appointed secret
commissions to make the necessary
arrangements. Florence and Bolo-
gna have been mentioned as likely
places for the new seat of govern-
ment, it said.
', *
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
NORTH AFRICA, April 9.- (A)-
Marshal Erwin Rommel's Axis forces
hastened their retreat today, aban-
doning Mahares, 50 miles north of
Gabes, and leaving nearly 12,000
troops as prisoners of the British and
American forces since the Eighth
Army's break-through at the Wadi
El Akarit last Tuesday.
Under the steady hammering of
the British at their rear, the Ameri-
cans, French and British on their
inland flank and the great Allied
aerial fleet overhead, Rommel's
beaten men were fleeing toward the
port of Sfax, 22 miles on to the
north, and were retreating north-
eastward from the inland rail point
of Mezzouna, it was disclosed here.
Indications of New Attack
(Capt. Ludwig Sertorius, German
military commentator, said there
were indications the Allies in the
north-central sector were preparing
to launch a large-scale "break-
through" attack to capture the big
German air base at Kairouan and to
sweep on 32 miles to the port of
Sousse. The broadcast, recorded by
the Associated Press, said the assault
could be expected 'any moment
now." Sertorius said the flat coastal
area over which Rommel's forces are
retreating is "most unfavorable for
defense" and that Axis troops were
being given no chance to relax.)
United States troops, highly prais-
ed at a press conference by Gen. Sir
Harold L. Alexander, the Allied Com-
mander of Ground Forces, for hav-
ing kept the bulk of Rommel's armor
engaged earlier in the week while the
Eighth Army smashed him at Wadi
El Akarit, continued to plug east-
ward and were reported to have cap-
tured the Djebel Mazaila, a height
north of Maknassy.

'U' PROFESSORS MEET:
Views on Public Demands for
Post-War Education Are Stated

Slosson Speaks Against Isolationism ,

By VALERIE ANDREWS
"Isolationists are international an-
archists," Professor Preston W. Slos-
son declared last night in a lecture
on "International Government,"
which opened up the semi-annual
Post-War Conference.
He maintained that the fault of
our modern world lies in the field of
statesmanship and not in our ad-
vanced technological inventions. We
must not blame the machines for the
evils of our society but rather the
powers which use them, he said.
He emphasized that the real prob-
lem of our post-war reconstruction
is a psychological one. The blue-
prints and planning are the last of
our difficulties. The main obstacle
is a paralysis of will and a reluctance
to sacrifice. Only by sharing some

to have food rationing continued
months after the armistice to feed
hungry nations in the economic re-
habilitation of the world? What
concessions are we prepared to make
in lowering emigration laws? What
sacrifices are we willing to make in
uniting with Canada or South Amer-
ica after the war? Unselfish conces-
sions for the good of the world will
be the price of peace, Slosson said in
conclusion.
The Post-War Conference will
continue with four panels held sim-
ultaneously at 1:30 p.m. today at the
Union. The predominating student
opinion in each group discussion willI
be summarized in the form of a reso-
lution. There will be no charge for
either the lecture or the group dis-

Presenting the various viewpoints
on the question of "What the Public
Will Demand of the University in
Post-War Education" five speakers
addressed the final 1943 open meet-
ing of the American Association of
University Professors last night at
the Union.
Speaking in place of William Nich-
olas of the International Housing
Commission who was originally
scheduled to talk, Willard Martinson,
A.B. '36, Educational Director of
UAW-CIO Local 50, discussed some
of the views of labor on this subject.
Describing the kind of education now
being done by the University as a
type of literal servicing for business,
agriculture, science and other fields,
Martinson posed the question of in-
augurating a similar type of train-
ing for workers in our technical so-
ciety.

and prepare them so that they may
exercise their powers wisely," he said.
Emilie Sargent, A.B. "16; MSPH
'38, Executive of the Visiting Nurses
Association, speaking for the women
on the subject led off by telling what
she believes the post-war woman will
be like. "The difference between the
pre-war and the post-war woman will
be that she will know what she wants,
what course she will follow and that
she will want a university that will
fulfill her needs," she said.
Speaking for the businessman,
Bruce Laing, A.B. '11; LL.B. '13, pres-
ident of the Natural Wolverine Motor
Insurance Co., Dowagiac, said that
the most important function of the
University following the war would
be to combat the disillusionment
which will naturally follow.
Mr. Powell, a Grange leader and
farmer from Iowa, expressing agri-
,i-fi - y__lnnri m fh-a lhaf n

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