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March 30, 1943 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-03-30

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PAGI~ ~fWo TUESDAYS ~ ~O, 1~4#j~

Fifty-Third Year
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published b every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summersession.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is cxclislvely entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43.
National Advertising Sefvice, Inc.
College Pablishers RePresentative
420 MADisoN Ave. NEW YORK. N.Y.

Driving the Points Home

Round- Tia b/PAcademia

fr, ~

John Erlewine
Bud Brimmer
Leon Gordenker
Marion Ford .
Charlotte ConovE
Erie Zaienski
Betty Harvey
James Conant
Edward J. Perlbe
Fred M. Ginsber
Mary Lou Currai
Jane Lindberg .

Editorial Staff
. . . . . Managing Editor"
S. . . . Editorial Director-
City Editor
Associate Editor
er ..AssociateEditor
* . . . . .Sports Editor
Women's Editor
Business Staff
rg . . . *. . Business Manager
g . . Associate Business Manager
ni . . Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager
Telephone 23-24-1

(Editor's Note: The following arti-
cle, which we believe has particular
relevance- just after the Michigan
Academy conferences, is reprinted
from the Saturday Review of Litera-
ture, March 20.)
T HE other night we attended a
university round-table discus-
sion on the problems of the coming
peace. Several papers were read,
ideas and issues flowed freely, and
at the end, as was to be expected,
the participants trailed off into
the night with as little or less ar-
gument than when they came in.
For our part we confess we came
away puzzled and disturbed-not
only by the enormity of the prob-
What with the welter of criti-
cism that is now descending on the
head of John L. Lewis because he
demands a $2 daily wage increase
for his United Mine Workers,
something ought to be said in his
While his opponents all claim
that his demand for wage raises
will wreck the Nation's dikes
against inflation, few have con-
sidered the arguments he pre-
sented. Last Saturday he told
the Truman Sentite Committee
again that he wasn't going to back
down from his wage demands. He
claimed that the government on
one hand induced inflation by
"excessive rewards to industry for
producing essential war materials"
and on the other hand sought to
fight inflation by "saying to 50,-
000,000 Anerican workers that we
can't do anything for you."
Certainly the truth of this state-
ment cannot be denied when only
last week Drew Pearson revealed
that the U.S. had made the Alumi-
inum Company of Canada an out-
right gift of over $60,000,000 With
a three million dollar profit
thrown in for good measure. Eith-
er the government will have to
eliminate industry's excessive war
profits or admit the validity of
John L.'s contentions and allow
the wage increse. -R. Smith

lem under discussion, but by an
atmosphere or state of mind which,
in the extreme manifestations, is
an occupational disease sometimes
referred to as pernicious academia.
Symptoms: an inordinate love of
q. hypothetical first cause and
an equally hypothetical ultimate
truth; a copiplete reticence and
awkwardness in the face of human
motivations; a positive dread of
absolutes and a correspondingly
high esteem for relatives; an unre-
lenting and ruthless passion for
the word "perspective."
I In the last stages, victims have
been known to reduce the most
tangible and alarmingly concrete
questions to remote abstractions
without even the respite of a
At the forum in question, for ex-
ample, it was difficult to find out
what war was being discussed. It
was not only that -the inevitable
pursuit of the first cause landed
the subject plump in the center of
anthropological and philosophical
meditations; nor only that all the
old stereotypes of peace-planning
were trotted out-stereotypes con-
cerning reparations, boundary-
fixing, disarmament, etc., which in
the way they were brought out
could have applied to any age and
which gave no hint that this war
was unique in important respects,
particularly as it concerned the
fact that the world today is a geo-
graphical unit.
THE basic difficulty in finding
out what war was being dis-
cussed stemmed from the appar-
ent reluctance to deal with the
dramatis personae of this war or
the things that are happening in
the war for which retribution
will be demanded. If anyone had
presumed to mention the nanme
of Adolf Hitler, he would doubt-
less have been glowered upon as
an emotional and otherwise su-
perficial individual lacking the
equipment to dig deeply into the
causes of this war. It was almost
as bad as it was after the last
war when anyone who men-
tioned the Kaiser's name In even
the least uncomplimentary terms
was regarded as a simple fellow
All of which causes us to won-
der whether the deodorizing of the
causes of this war and the Nazi
crimes has already begun to take

place. Perhaps this is one of the
clearest indications that we are
winning, for it is only when we Ae
on top of the wave and when we
have forgotten how close we can
to being engulfed that we can af-
ford the luxury of such supposed
detachment. We suddenly becoe
very scientific and scholarly, and
attempt to divorce ourselves from
anything that would seem to sug-
gest passion or even ordinary h4-
man impulses.
Thus after the last war we
brought debunking to a high art,
and constructed in retrospet a
picture of a war that suited the
mood at the time but which other-
wise had little foundation in act,
ality. Can it be that Hitler, liie
the Kaiser, will be the benefactor
of an illusory era of sweet reason?
ARE WE going to regard the jar-
ring, sickening crimes against
human dignity-crimes such as
the murder of Lidice, the system-
atic destruction of the Polish na-
tion, the extermination of the Jew-
ish people-as merely propaganda
expedients of the United Nations,
something to be identified with
war emotions and therefore to be
forgotten as quicly as possible?
Are we to avoid talking about such
crimes out of a misguided nOtion
that to do so is to confess one's
lack of basic sophistication or
scholarship or both? In shprt, are
we going to develop a guilt complex
that will act as a deadly suction
upon our ability to keep the war
One trouble with the obsession
for detachment is that not o ly
do we detach ourselves from emo-
tionalism but frequently f oj,
actuality. Of one thing we can
be certain: No matter how long
we search for the first cause, no
matter how heavily we clothe
ourselves in the laundered vest-.
ments of scholarship, we can
never hope to make a lstin
peace unless we can become e -
cited, even passionate, sb)614
questions involving -the ru -
mentary questions of good ts.
evil, right vs. wrong.
"Ah!" but the apostle of detacl-
ment may say, "Who is there to
say what is good and what is evil?"
Well, brother, if you dont klpw
the difference, it's about time you
found out. Ten million dead peo-
ple in this war can't be wrong.-

Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.



Grass-Root Preaehers
Spread Religion of Hate
PERHAPS you think that racial hatreds are
confined to the deep South, and that fascism
is something which can grow up only in theper-
verted minds of Germans and Japanese.
If you do, you should have heard Rev. Claude
Williams, at a Sociology discussion Friday, tell
of the religion of hatred which is. gripping fac-
tory workers at our own back door.
Along with the Southerners who, have come
up to work in Ford's, Chrysler's, and General
Motors, have come their preachers. ienU who
work with their hands six days a week and
mount the pulpit the seventh. Grass-root
preachers who believe that they have been
called of God, men with the courage, the lead-
ership, and the earthy vocabulary to reach the
It's a strange Christianity they preach, said
Rev. Williams. A creed which describes Christ
as cast out by his own people, and implies that
whatever unpleasant things happen to: that peo-
ple are ordained by God. It's a fervent belief in
the soul and the world to come these migrant
workers have never had the good things of this
world) combined with a hatred of Catholics,
Communists, Jews, and everything liberal. A re-
ligion which furnishes easy fodder for the Ku
Klux Klan and the Black Legion.
The men who preach this religion are not.
evangelists or professional rabble-rousers, but
sincere and able pastors. The people who follow
them are not evil or Nazi, but crushed by poverty,
afraid of losing their jobs, afraid of Communists,
afraid of the world.
Liberals, Claude Williams went on, do not
reach these people in the factories. Liberals
write in the New Republic; liberal ministers
give Sunday sermons to the upper Income
brackets.,"They 'work for the people, not with
the people," he put it.
EVEN the unions do not wield the power of
these grass-root preachers, and men like Ger-
ald L. K. Smith, who trade in on their hatreds.
The reactionary currents undercut the unions,
and divide union members from their leadership.
Rev. Williams' speech should have been heard
by every student and every faculty member of
this University. Because the students and fac-
ulty of this University, by and large, are not of
the people. They are middle-class, and, as Rev.
Williams, said, America is 'not middle-class.
America is the men in Willow Run and River
Rouge and the other plants. Today, only the
grass-root preachers speak their language.
Unless the middle class-people like us, happy
in a rich, fat, prosperous University-can learn
to talk their language, to influence their leaders,
the middle class will not be Around very long.
Nor will the liberal democracy it takes so much
for granted.
for granted. - Jim Conant

WASHINGTON, March 30.- A lot of waste is
unavoidable in the haste of wartime. However,
better headwork and planning certainly should
be able to eliminate some of the Navy's ship-
conversion errors which are costing the taxpayer
a mint of money.I
Take, for instance, the case of a twin-screw
passenger ship built in Newport News in 1932.
Last August when plans were being completed
for the North African landing, the Navy asked
the War Shipping Administration for this ship,
together with five others, to be converted for
combat purposes. This one was to be made a
"combat loader", which required the installation
of heavy hoisting equipment on the deck to hoist
landing barges; also the construction of steel
deck houses.
The ship was put into the Brooklyn Navy Yard,
and. a crew of men immediately went to work
with blowtorches, dismantling the superstruc-
After only a few days, however, the Navy
decided they did not want the ship, that her
stability was inadequate for the installation of
such heavy stuff on top. Accordingly, they
asked the War Shipping Administration to
take the redelivery of the ship, retroactively,
meaning that the Navy wanted to cancel out
their error and let the WSA take over.
(Copyright, 1943, United Features Syndicate)
Negro Segregation Laws
6 1 C7 1
Should Be -Abolished
AMONG the least publicized of any statutes in
the United States are those which keep mem-
bers of the Negro race from being treated with
democratic' decency,
These statutes'are known as compulsory seg-
regation laws. In a nation whose proudest
possessions are equality and justice these laws
are found which prohibit a man from getting
a job, from belonging to a craftsman's trade
union, from riding on a streetcar, from eating
in a. restaurant, and from staying in a hotel,
for no other reason than that he is a Negro.
Today, emotions are being stirred by the war.
The American Negroes are among those aroused
and articulate in their resentment. J. Saunders
Redding, Negro author, "Speaks For His People"
in an article in this mcnth's Atlantic Monthly.
"People all over the world are affirming the
concept of equality, the Negro, too, in America,
is affirming with strong voice that the rights
fundamental to all men shall no longer be
,denied him," declares Mr. Redding.
T HE RIGHTS being demanded by the American
Negro partly constitute the criteria for which
the United Nations are fighting. These demands
ae clearly presented in an editorial which ap-
p ared Oct. 17, 1942, in the Norfolk Journal and
Guide. "The Negro wants a chance to work at
any job for which his training and abilities qual-
ify him. He wants to vote and participate in
his government after meeting the requirements
set up for citizens of other races. He wants to
serve his country in war as a civilian as well as a
soldier. He wants the implacable Jim-Crowism

Pd Rather
L Be Right
NEW YORK, March 30.- I have the strongest
feeling that our country is losing its commanding
position-in the affairs of the world. We are writ-
ing ourselves off, through a crabbed and narrow
foreign policy, and we are being written off.
We cannot join with one faction in France,
as we are doing, without taking on the little-
ness of factionalism. We were bigger than
France. We have chosen to cut ourselves down
to the size of Giraud.
We could have marched in seven-league bpots
toward the freeing of all of the people of France.
We have crawled on our bellies toward the abo
lition of the Cremieux decree, and the disenfran-
chisement of 100,000 French citizens in Algeria
the better to protect the parties of the right in
North Africa. We have splintered our prestige,
to make it as small as that of one splinter in
French politics.
We were bigger than Spain, but we have
chosen to make ourselves as small as Franco,
by choosing him and praising him.
Mexico is smaller than we. But its President,
Avila Camacho, attends a luncheon for Spanish
Republican exiles in Mexico City, and says to
them: "To Mexico and to me you are the men of
Spain." Cuba is small. But its Foreign Minis-
ter, Emerterio Santovenia, asks that 20,000 Span-
ish Republican prisoners be released from North
Africa. Uruguay is small. But she has made
the anniversary of the founding of the Spanish
republic a national holiday.
We are many times bigger than all of these
countries, taken together, but we have chosen to
join ourselves in Europe to what is small, not to
what is big.
We have had to get down to our knees to
make ourselves small enough to crouch beside
Franco, but we are doing it. Not understand-
ing Spain, we find that we no longer under-
stand Latin America, and that Latin America
begins not to understand us.
We are losing our size. If Franco is to be
our armor, then we must shrink ourselves to
fit that diminutive breastplate. We have chos-
en to join the little men of Europe, even if we
must cut ourselves off at the waist and shange
our natural American voice to a thin falsetto
to do so.
Otto of Austria is our playmate, and oh! what
games we have with the little fellow! What fun,
to order Poles and Yugoslavs into a minuscule
"Austrian" battalion of less than a thousand,
and then to release these men under pressure,
in undignified haste. But a small game for' a
great country, a wretched small game, a game
showing a will to littleness.
And the newspapers of Caracas, in Venezuela,
write editorials about us, wondering about the
giant who plays on his knees.I
It is as if we had the choice (and the power)
to make a new world, or to live among the
overturned chairs, the tattered draperies, the
broken walls and the second-hand political
furniture of the old one, and had chosen the
latter. A Franco in Spain, a vote-denying
rightist government in France, an Otto in Aus-
tria; and, la, it might be a magpie's nest, but
perhaps we can be comfortable in it. What
neurotic fears among our diplomats (whose
profession is fear) have led to this choice we



VOL. LII No. 125
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President In typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its pubilca-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m'
Abbott and Fassett SeholarshipS: Can-
didates for the Emma M. and Florence L.
Abbott Scholarships (for women, any
school or college) and ther Eugee G. FAs-
sett Scholarship (men or 'woen, any
undergraduate school or college) are ad-
vised that their applications should be
submitted before April 5 through the
Dean or Director of the school or college
in which they are registered.
Students, College of Engineering: All
Engineering students who missed the Spe-
cial Assemblies report promptly to Room
255, West Engineering Building, to fill in
the War Board questionnaire.
-A. H. Lovell
Faculty, College of Literature, Science,
ajnd the Arts: Midsemester reports are due
not later than Saturday, April S.
Report cards are being istributed to
all departmekxtal offices. Green cards are
being provided for freshman reports; they
should be returned to the office of the
Academic Counselors, 108 Mason Hall.
White cards, for reporting sophomores,
juniors, and seniors should be returned
to 1220 Angell Hall.,
Midsemester reports should name those
students, freshman and upperclass, whose
standing at midsemnester is D or E, not
merely those who receive D or E in so-'
called midsemester examinations.
Students electing our courses, but reg-
istered in other schools or colleges of the
University should be reported to the
school or college in which they are regis-
Additional cards may be had at 108
Mason Hall or at 1220 Angell Hall.
-E. A. Walter
Assistant Dean
Retirement Dinner for Professor J. Ital-
eigh Nelson: -The deadline for reserva-
tions for this dinner is April 1, 'and those
who received invitations or who are friends
inadvertently omitted from the invitation
list are reminded that no reservations can
be placed after .that date.
Women: RCA-A representative of the
RCA Corporation is coming Wednesday,
March 31 to interview women for their
Cadette Training Prpgram beginning May
1. This is open to both underclass and
senior students. Call our office-*immedli-
ately for appointments, Ext. 371. Bureau
of Appointments, 201 Mason Hall.
-Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information

day at 4:15 p.m. in the Kellogg Founda-
tion Institute Auditorium. The public
is Invited.
Biological Chemistry Lecture: Dr. Gene-
vieve Stearns, Research Associate Pro-
fessor of Pediatrics at the University of
Iowa, will lecture tonight at 8:00 p.m. In
the Rackham Amphitheatre. Topic: "The
Relation of Changes in Body Composition
to Food Requirements and Utilization dur-
ing Growth."
Academic Notices
Bacteriology 312 Seminar will meet
today at 4:15 p.m. in Room 1564 East Med-
ical Building. Subject: "Lymphocytic
Ohoriomeningitis." All interested are in-
Attention, Marine Reservists: There
will be a meeting tonight at 8:30 in the,
Union. Bring your Manuals.
Graduate Record Examination: This, ex-
aminaion will be give n for all senior
students in the University andfor new
graduate students at 7 p.m. Monday,
April 12, and at 7 p.m. Wednesday, April
14. The examination is in two parts, one
part to be given each evening. It is nec-
essary that every student planning to take
the examination fill out an information
schedule and obtain an admission card.
This must be done within the next forty-
eight hours at either the Office of the
DQan of the Literary College, 1210 Angell
Hall, or at the War Information Center
in the Michigan League.
The test results to be furnished each
student will be of great value to men
and women entering either the armed
forces or civilian services as well as to
students who are seeking further prepara-
tion in graduate school or elsewhere. The
University is paying the fee for this exam-
The Concerts
'rehirtieth Annual Spring Concert

tional Central University in Chuilg,
will present an exhibition of -
porary Chinese painting and dnousrtv
his own painting'daily until
open to the public daily, 1:00-6:00
In the Grand Rapids Room of the Mlel-
gan League. No admission charge.
Events Today
Pre-Medical Society: Moving, pi" 3
on "Deep Skin Grafting" W11 bep n
tonight at 8 o'clock in the Union. !mirp
will be a speaker from the Dernlat6lo4y
Department. All pre-medics are cordially
invited. Dues are payable.
The Michigan Sailing Club wlMl meet o-
night at 7:30 in room 336 west Enginee Ik-
ing Building. All intergsted in sal11
are invited.
Theta Sigma Phi will' have a compUl-
sory meeting of all members and pledges
today at 4:00 p.m. in the Editorial Room.
Discussion of initiative plans.
Red Cross ba'ndage ,rlling unit wil l xeet
this afternoon, 1:00-5:30, at thi HM
Foundation. Girls are urged to come to
participate in this vital war work. Plpase
wear white blouses.
The Beginning and Advanced Leag'ue
Dance Classes will meet together tonight
in the League ballroom at 8:00.
Disciples Guild: Tea will be servod this
afternoon, 5:00-6:00, at the Disciples .sG41
flouse, 438 Maynard St. Both Disciples
and Congregational dtudents and frienris
are invited.
The Bookshelf and Stage section of the
Women's Faculty Club will meet with Mrs.
George Lindsay, 2015 Day St., today at
2:45 p.m.
The Bibliophiile section of ,te Fc-
ulty Women's Club will meet tQla at
2:30 p.m. with Mrs. Ralph Curtiss, 1106
S. Forest.

of the University of Michigan Concert
Band, William D. Revelli, Conductor, will Michigan Dames service hospital group
be presented at 8:30 p.m. Thursday, April will meet at the Michigan League IBuiding
1, in Hill Auditorium. in the game room tonight at &00.
The program will - include works by I
Weber, williams, Holmes, Wagner, Rim- Christian Science Organization vi4l meet
sky-Korsokov, Bloom, Fallg, Gould and tonight at 8:15 in Rooms D aunl E of the
Sousa, and will be open to the general Michigan League.


City Editor's

Organ Recital: The first of a series of
organ recitals will be played by Palmer
Christian, University Organist, at 4:15
p.m. Wednesday, March 31, in Hill Audi-
torium. Other programs will follow on
the afternoons of April 7, 14, and Good,
Friday, April 23.
The general public is invited.
Exhibition, College of Architecture and

Coding Ereta4
Sociedad Hispanica prs nts xessor
Irving A. Leonard, who will lecotpre ,p
"Los Estados Unidos vistos por. oro'"
("Inside the United States"), on Wednes-
day, March 31, at 4:15 p.m. in Room b,
Alumni Memorial Hall.
The general public is invite1.
"Cate", a comedy by Ts;W. ;,br ftms,
will be presented by Play Production f
the IDepartment of Speech, .Wednresday

ONCE IN A WHILE a magazine does something
terrific. Life did it last week.


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