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March 24, 1943 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-03-24

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Fifty-Third Year
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michian under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press -
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it'or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor. Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
aEPRESENTED FOR NATION.L AOV*RTI3IHG Y
National Advertising Service, InC.
College P*/Wlshers Representative
420 MADISON AVE. NeW YORK.t4-Y.
eIIAO*BoSTON - Los AtI'ILKS - SA* F*A*Ct0C
Editorial Staf

"4Maybe I shouldn't let Mheinp up."
j00.

The WASHINGTON
MERRY-GO-ROUND
By DREW PEARSON

John Erlewine
Bud Bimner
Leon Gordenker
Marion Ford .
Charlotte Conover
Erie Zalenski
Betty Harvey
James Conant
Edward J. Perlberg
Fred M. Ginsberg
Mary Lou Curran
Jane Lindberg

Managing Editor
Editorial Director
- . City Editor
* . Associate Editor
. . Associate Editor
* . . Sports Editor
. . Women's Editor
. . . Columnist

WASHINGTON, March 24.-The
State Department has been any-
thing but happy over the diplo-
matic effrontery of the Spanish
ambassador, Juan Cardenas, in
protesting, publication of a cur-
rent best-seller, "4.ppeasement's
Child", by Lieut. Thomas J. Ham-
ilton, formerly of the New York
Times and now of the U.S. Navy.
In lodging this protest the Span-
ish'ambassador'stepped squarely
into the hole of another famous
Fascist diplomat, Ambassador de
Martino of Italy, who, during the
Hoover Administration, protested
some remarks of Gen. Smedley
Butler, U.S. Marine Corps. But-
ler had quoted Cornelius Vander-
bilt to the effect that Mussolini
ran over a child without stopping
to pick it up.
Hoover, acting on the Italian
Fascist request, ordered Gen. But-
ler court-martialed. Whereupon
such a furor ensued from the
American public that Mussolini,
de Martino and Hoover himself
wished they had never started the
thing.
Butler's attorney, Major Harry
Leonard, of Marine Corps Boxer
Rebellion fame, insisted on a pub-
lic trial, during which, it became
evident, Mussolini and Hoover
would be more on trial than Smed-
ley Butler.
Finally Hoover, anxious to let
go of the bear's tail, offered Butler

the governorship of Guam. He de-
clined. Finally the affair was
dropped by letting Butler dictate
the terms of a letter dismissing his
own court-martial.
Spanish Ambassador Cardenas
apparently did not remember this
case when he protested Lt. Hamil-
ton's book. It is quite true that
Hamilton has some harsh things
to say about Dictator Franco. It
is probable also that these things
are true. Hamilton tells aN about
the $100,000,000 credit which he
says Secretary Hull offered to
Franco, and which Hull later de-
nied.
It is also true that Hamilton is
now in the Navy. However, the
State Department, though ex-
tremely unhappy, probably will be
wise enough not to get another
bear by the tail. It knows that the
American people react very vio-
lently to these ambassadorial pro-
tests against freedom of the press
-especially where Fascist dicta-
tors are concerned.
Greeks Bearing Gifts
When the Greek-American Or-
der of Ahepa presented the Presi-
dent with a huge stone bust of
himself, Walter Russell, the sculp-
tor, inquired if the President had
any suggestions regarding the po-
sition of the bust in front of the
Roosevelt Library at Hyde Park
where it is to be installed.

"That's out of my hands," the
President grinned. "You'll have
to take it up with.the librarian or
the trustees. The library is no
longer my property. It belongs to
the American people."
However, the President had some
definite notions about when the
bust should be unveiled. When
George C. Vournas. president of
Ahepa, said that the unveiling
would be postponed until the sum-
mer, Roosevelt heartily agreed.
"If you've ever been to Hyde
Park in the winter, you'll under-
stand why," he remarked. "I al-
most frozen to death the last time
I was there."
Since the bust is of heroic size-
and weighs half a ton, it was not
practical to bring it to Washing-
ton from Russell's studio in New
York. So the President was given,
instead, a miniature of the work.
After presenting this, Vournas
introduced six other Ahepa offi-
cials, who were greatly impressed
by the President's memory.
When the question arose of
transporting the bust from New
York to'Hyde Park, the President
remarked that this could be ar-
ranged easily.
"The librarian is planning to
come to New York soon," he said,
"to pick up some documents. He
can bring down the truck and get
the .bust at the same time. That
will save gas."

Business Staff
. . . . Business Manager
. Associate Business Manager
. Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager

Telephone 23-24-1

p
U 'A94 t4COM

NIGHT EDITOR: JANE FARRANT
Editoriqls published in The Michigan Daily
are written. byeimnibers of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

..-r ~ -. 0 1943. Chicago Times. Inc.

'UN-AMERICAN':
Dies Committee Fails
To Produce Real Proof
KERR Committee of the House, which was
set up to investigate the charges of Martin
Dies, has called the bluff for the first time of the
witch-hunting Congressman from Texas.
When the appropriations for the Dies Com-
mittee were coming up in Congress a few weeks
ago Dies got up on the floor of the House and
announced that he had enough evidence to cause
the dismissal of 39 government employes who
were "crackpots" undermining our government,
and above all "UNAM.ERICAN" On the strength
of his word he asked the House to fire these men
without trial or hearing, but, since no evidence
was presented, the House refused and instead
voted appropriations for another two years of
this "splendid" work.
Although it was five weeks ago that the Kerr
Committee asked for the evidence againstthese
39 men, Dies has produced evidence, against
only three of them. The obvious truth is that
he never had any proof and was just seeking
publicity and extension of his committee, just
as he has been doing for the last eight years.
The Dies Committee has produced nothing but
gossip, intimidations and lies and on these proven
facts we ask, as all progressive papers have been
asking for years, that the Dies Committee be
scrapped. - Charles Bernstein
HARD WORK:
Double Duties of 'Women
Encourage Absenteesm
ONE of the biggest problems in keeping up pro-
duction in America is the increased tendency
of wage earners to stay away from the job. Sta-
tistical studies show that the great influx of
women into the shops constitutes one of the
greatest reasons for the rise in the absenteeism
rate.
According to government spokesmen, curbing
absenteeism in America can boost production im-
mediately by 10%.
A program, however, aiming at keeping wo-
men at the job 100% or as near that as possible
must take into account the increasing reasons
for absenteeism among women.
In the first place, many women do double duty.
Most of them run homes, shop and cook for fam-
ilies as well as keep a full-time job at the shop.
Many of them are mothers trying to make make-
shift arrangements for their children. Doubling
up in this way significantly adds to the fatigue
and physical exhaustion which comes from an
ordinary day's work.
Lack of facilities for 'child care is the second
cause of absenteeism. A survey just initiated
by a union in Newark, New Jersey, revealed
that many working women are mothers of six
or more children. Naturally, when they cannot
get help to take care of their children-and
this is too often-they stay away from their
jobs.
Another important cause of absenteeism among
women is the lack of recreational facilities.
Swing shifts, leaving their jobs at midnight,
cannot get to a movie, a dance, or to another
form of recreation in order to get the necessary
zest to living. So from time to time, they take
off a day or more in order to enjoy themselves.
It is clearly evident that a program for lower-

pENOCRACY?

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

Repeal of French Laws
Since 1939 Necessary
ENERAL GIRAUD, in his recent speech in
which he claimed he would restore democracy
to French North Africa, declared all laws and
decrees promulgated after June 1940 null and
void in North Africa. The dangerous impli-
cation was that Vichy was solely responsible for
all undemocratic acts, and that complete democ-
racy could be restored to any French territory,
France itself for example, by restoring it to its
pre-Vichy status.
The fact is that even were Giraud sincere,
were he to go as far as to allow the De Gaullists
to carry out his announced program of removing
the last vestiges of Vichy from North Africa,
"Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity" would still be
mere catch words.
The reason is simple. The Third French Re-
public was no longer democracy when Hitler's
legions launched their blitz flank attack on the
Maginot line. It was a land of semi-fascists, like
Poland; its people demoralized and submissive,
its leaders weaklings and reactionaries.
The first, blow against French democracy came
in 1939 when-the French government, after two
and a half years of non-intervention in the Span-
ish people's civil war, suddenly recognized Franco
and decided to copy Hitler by establishing French
concentration camps for Spanish Loyalists.
"These concentration camps are only for the
Spanish rabble who are violating our fron-
tiers," the Daladier government assured the peo-
ple. And for the most part the.people were satis-
fied. Few indeed were the French liberals and
socialists who realized the threat to French lib-
erties presented by this policy. The only ones who
spoke out were the communists. Maurice Thorez,
general secretary of the French Communist Par-
ty, time and again sought to impress on the
Chamber of Deputies that so long as French con-
centration camps housed "Spanish heroes of
democracy" instead of fascists, the hours of the
Third Republic were numbered.
E WAS NOT far wrong. In October, 1939.
Premier Daladier taking advantage of his
war powers, dissolved the French Communist
Party, third largest political party in France, and
imprisoned the majority of the 72 French Com-
munist Deputies, legally-elected representatives
of the French people.
Then indeed was the time to speak, yet no
Frenchman publicly protested. The liberals
and socialists kept quiet "for the sake of na-
tional security," so they said, aid rightist
"democrats"' like De Gaulle and Giraud gave
their tacit approval.
Daladier, sensing the complacency of the peo-
ple, opened a "red" witch-hunt. Decrees flew
thick and fast. Progressive labor legislation
passed during the Popular Front days was wiped
out by edicts. Many labor leaders were arrested
on charges of Communist activity and freedom
of the press was denied Cmmunistic" papers.
Picked French troops were detailed to guard their
fellow trade-unionists, imprisoned because they
sought a living wage.
The stage was set for Ifitler. The trade-
unionists, the liberals, the socialists no longer
controlled the Government. The monopoly
capitalist-fascist group, exemplified by Dala-
dier and Laval, was in full control. When
France fell even the caitalists and, nmonopo-

I'd Rather
Be Right
BySAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, March 24.- THE BRITISH ARE
LEADING: Mr. Churchill's speech makes it
necessary that we have a look into the old cigar
box in which we keep our American post-war
plans, if any.
And in this essay I am not going to argue, I am
merely going to count on my fingers, and see who
has more and better marbles, spinning tops and
rubber bands.
1. On social security, Britain's plan is indefi-
nite as to date, but definite as to benefits, It
doesn't say when, but it says how much. Thus,
the Beveridge report says that in case of dis-
ability, a single man shall receive 24 shillings a
week, and a married man 40 shillings, plus chil-
dren's allowances. Such benefits shall be paid
without time limit, as compared with the present
British law, which provides for 18 shillings a
week in both cases, limited to 26 weeks, after
which payments drop to ten shillings, sixpence.
And so on.
The American social security plan is indefinite
as to date and also indefinite as to benefits. It
does not say when and it does not say how much,
either.
SO MUCH FOR SO MUCH
Thus the characteristic feature of the Bever-
idge plan is that it is full of actuarial tables,
while the characteristic feature of the Ameri-
can plan is that it is full of expressions of
good will. The British plan says it in shillings
and pence, the. American plan says it in moral
arguments.
The more thoughtful sections of conservative
opinion in America (as expressed through, say,
the distinguished editorial page of the New York
Herald Tribune) have been q'uite right in scoring
the American plan for this failure. Of course
Congress can easily rectify this fault by hiring
an expert to work up a detailed scheme, as the
House of Commons did in securing the services
of Sir William Beveridge. Our Congress hasn't
hired anybody to do anything. At the moment,
we might say that the American plan, for all its
merits, is earnest, but not serious, while the Brit-
ish plan is both earnest and serious; serious in
the sense that it soberly proposes schedules of
so-much taxes for so-many benefits.
LONELY, NAKED AND SHIVERING
2. On post-war demobilization, Mr. Churchill,
as the responsible head of- the majority party,
and of the national government, has committed
himself to a four-year plan of public works,
housing, et cetera, et cetera. The shocking truth
about our own country is that only has no such
commitment been made, but that there is no
man in a position to make sich a commitment.
There is no American who speaks for the
majority in Congress; there is no such man. at
all, either in the government or in the opposi-
tion. So, while the British demobilization pro-
grain is founded on a pledge by the responsible
head of the working majority, the American
demobilization program is a mere report by
the National Resources Planning Board.
The British demobilization scheme, vague as
it is, has cabinet approval, which means both
Conservative and Labor party approval. Our
plan has the President's approval, but not his
party's approval nor the other party's approval.
Tf. ic sm -. onri ,, nrin a rn,.n z n,,c, 1 nv m rnL-A n. i

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 24, 1943
VOL. LIII No. 120
All notices for the Daily Official' But-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-.
tices should be submitted by 11:30 am.
NotiCes
If you wish to finance the purchase of a
home, or if you have purchased improved
property 'on a land contract and owe a
balance of approximately 60 per cent of the.
value of the property, the Investment Of-
fice, 100 South Wing of University Hall,
would be glad to discuss financing through
the mhedium of a first mortgage. Such f-
nancing may effect a substantial saving in
interest.
Engineers - Special Assemblies: Engi-
neering students will be excused from
classes in order to attend' special assem-
blies in Room 348, West Engineering
Building, as follows:
Juniors-Thursday, March 25 1 o'clock
Seniors-Wednesday, March 24, 1 o'clock
Freshmen as usual-Wednesday, March
24, 10 and 2 o'clock.
Assistant Dean
A. H. Lovell,
School of Music Assembly will be held
at 2:00 p.m. on Thursday, March 25, in
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. All students
are asked to attend. Classes dismissed
from 2:00 to 3:00 p.m.
Bronson-Thomas Prize Competition (for
junior and senior students in German) to
be held Thursday, March 25, 1:30 to 4:30
p.m., in Room 203 University Hall.
Kothe-Hldner Prize Competition in
German to be held Thursday, March 25,
2 to 4 p.m., in Room 203 University Hall.
Seniors: May, 1943: College of LS.A.,
Schools of Education, Music, and Publc
Health:
Tentative lists of May, 1943, graduates
have been posted in Room 4, U Hall.
Please check the st >and notify counter
clerk of any dicrepancies.
Robert L. Williams,
Assstant Registrar
Aeronautical, Civil, and Mechanical En-
gineering Seniors: Mr. Emile J. Pelletier
of Bell Aircraft Corporation, Buffalo, New
York, will interview May and September
graduates on Wednesday, March 24, for
positions in design and structures, and
in engines. Intrviews will be h1eld in
Room 3205 East Engineering Building,
starting at 10:00 a.m. Interested men will
please. sign the interview schedule posted
on the Aeronautical Engineering..Bulletin
Board, near Room B-47 East Engineering
Building.
A. . Kuethe,
Acting Chairman
Summer work with TVA:
Sidents who have completed their
basic forestry courses, particularly plane
surveying, forest mensuration, and .den-
drology, are needed for timber survey
summer work on Authority lands by the
Tennessee Valley Authority, Knoxville,
Tennessee.
Candidates should be in good physical
condition, able to swim, since they will
hands of Britain, RUassia, and, per-
haps, the United States. He is
willing to work outward fron that.
As for us, we don't knew if that' is
what we want. Even worse, as yet
we don't even know what we don't
want.
The future is firming up. It is
a s, esohi tMhan]

travel by boat and -live on houseboats.
and should have a taste for outdoor living
in sparsely settled country. Salaries, based
on a six-day week, are expected to be
$133.83 per month. The athority Will
furnish living quarters, equipment and
travel on the job. Employes will furnish
their own transportation from school or
home to the base of operations, and will
provide their own subsistence and bed-
ding.
Applications are available and Inter-
views may be obtained at Room 3052
Natural Science Building, Wednesday and
Thursday afternoon, between 2 and 5,
March, 24 and 25; and Saturday morn-
ing between 9 and 11, March 27.
S. T. Dana,
Dean
Summer forestry work in the West:
Both forestry and non-forestry students
are needed for- forest fire control and tree
disease control work during the summer in
Oregon, for the Department of the In-
terior, and throughout the entire Western
States area for the United States Forest
Service, Department of Agriculture.
War gives forest fire protection added
importance, and students may consider
employment in this work a patriotic serv-
ice. Wages will amount to $130,000 a
month, less deductions ,for board where
this is furnished and a small deduction
for quarters where the workers camp in
permanent buildings. Ordinarily there
will be a six-day week of forty-four hours;
and special training- will be given at the
beginning of the work. Such a summer
will amount to good hardening experi-
ence for students who expect to enter
the Army in the fall. Students 17 years
of age are particularly desired.
Inquiries may be made and applications
are available at Room 3052, Natural Sci-
ence Building, Wednesday and Thursday
afternoon, between 2 and 5, March 24 and
25; and Saturday morning between 9 and
11, March 27.
SDT. Dana,
Dean
Students: A list of graduates and former
students now in Military Service is being
compiled, at the Alumni Catalogue Office.
This list already numbers approximately
6,000. If you are entering Military Service,
please see that your name is included in
this list by reporting such information to
the Alumni Catalogue Office. This cour-
tesy will be greatly appreciated.
Lunette Hadley, Director
Alumni Catalogue Office
students preparing to enter the Hop-
wood -contests should make their requests
for records from the Registrar's Office by
April 1:
R. W. Cowden
Lectures
University Lecture: Dr. Merle Curti,
Professor of History, University 'of Wis-
consin, will lecture on the subject, "The
Impact of American Wars on Education",
under the auspices of the School of Edu-
cation and the Department of History, on
Thursday, March 25, at 4:15 p.m. in the
Rackham Amphitheatre. The public is
invited.
University Lecture: Colonel Edgar Ers-
kine Kume, Medical Corps, U.S. Army,
will lecture on the subject, "The Health
Activities of the U.S. Army in Wartime,"
under the auspices of the Medical, Dental,
Public Health and Pharmacy Schools, on
Tuesday, March 30, at 4:15 p.m. In the
Kellogg Foundation Institute Auditorium.
The public is invited.
University Lectures: A Symposium on
Traumatic Shock will be conducted by
Dr, Carl J. Wiggers, Professor of Physiol-
ogy, Medical School, Western Reserve Uni-
versity; Dr. Roy D. McClure, Surgeon-in-
Chief, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit; Dr.

the IM Building, in uniform with street
shoes. First Sergeants will be in chage
of their Companies and Platoon Sergeants
will be prepared to give bayonet instruc
tion.
The Botanical Seminar will meet today
at 4:00 p.m. in room 1139 Natural Science
Building. Dr. F. K. Sparrow will discuss
"Aquatic Phycomycetes." All interested
are invited.
Seminar In physical cbemistry will meet
today in Room 410 Chemistry uilding
at 4:15 p.m. Mr. Peter smith Will speak
on "Reactions of Sulfurous Acid and De-
rivatives." All interested are invited.
History 12, Lecture Section I, id-
semester will be given at 2:00 p.m. on
Friday, March 26. 'the sections of DVres
and Slosson in 1025 Angell Hal-, all othes
in Natural Science Auditorium.
The History language examination for
M.A. candidates will be given in Room B
Haven Hall at 4:00 p.m. on Friday, March
26. Students intending to take this exam-
ination please report Immediately to the
History office, 119 Haven Hall.
Concerts
May Festival Tickets: The overthe-.
counter sale of Season Tickets ( con-
certs) for the Golden Jubilee May Festt-
val, at $8.80-$7.70-$.60 each-will begin'
Monday morning, March 29, at 9:00 o'clock,
at the offices of the University Musical
Society in Burton Memorial Tower.
The performers are as follows: Fritz
Kreisler; vladimir Horowitz; and the fol-
lowing artists from the Metropolitan Op-
era Association: Lily Pons, Stella: Roman,
Astrid varnay, Kerstin Thorborg, Fred-
erick Jagel, Salvatore Baccaloni, and Ale-
ander Kpnis. The Philadelphia Orches-
tra, Eugene Ormandy, Conductor, and Saul
Caston, Associate Conductor; University
Choral Union, Hardin van Deuren, Co-
ductor; Festival Youth Chorus, Mrgue-
ite Hood. Conductor.
Charles A. Sink, President
Exhibitions
Exhibition, College of'Architeture and
Design: Italian majolica loane from col-
lection of Detroit Institute of' Arts-.
pitchers, bowls, plates and tiles- of -14th
& 15th centuries; also fragments tyica
of several phases of majolica technique,
Ground floor corridor, Architecture Bu ild
ing. Open daily, 9 to 5, except Sunday,
until March 26. The public is invited.
Exhibition, College of Architecture and
Design: Alpha Alpha Gamma,- honor so-
ciety for women in architecture, decor-
ative design, and landscape architecture
is showing photographs in architectre,
sculpture, and decorative design by prac-
ticing members of the society. Third
floor exhibition room, Architecture Build-
ing. Open daily 9:00 to 5:00, excep* Sun-
day, through March 31. Open- to the
public.
Events Toay-
The Research Club will meet in the
Amphitheatre of the Rackham Btulidingt
this evening at 8 o'clock. The following
papers will be presented: "The Use - of
Comedy in Kleist's Amphitryon" by Pro-
fessor H. W. Nordmeyer, and "Some- Ef-
fects of Morphine on Tissue'Metabolim"
by Professor M. H. Seevers.
Public Health- Club: There will be- a
luncheon meeting of the. Public Health
Club today in the Russian Tea Room of
the League. All public health students
and faculty are invited.

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