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CHICAGO . BS TON . LOS ANGELS * SAW FANHCICO
"What about that big darn they built?"
AS OTHERS SEE IT
Congress versus Congress
John Erlewine .
Bud Brimmer .
. . . . Managing Editor
. . . . Editorial Director
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* . .Associate Editor.
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Edward J. Perlberg
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NIGHT EDITOR: LEON GORDENKER
Editorialsepublished in The Michigan Daily
arewritten bythembers of The Daily staff
antd represent the views of the writers only.
_. . .
Tolan-Pepper Bill Would
Aid Production and Unity
AMERICANS have always indulged themselves
in the luxury of self-congratulations, a ten-
dency which has recently been even more pro-
nounced regarding our production record.
While the output sheet is brighter, what many
fail to realize is that the President's 1943 arms
goal of 90 billion dollars worth of material is
twice that of last year.
This makes the recent statement of the Sen-
ate's Tolan investigating committee extremely
important, for that body warned the American
people that our goals "will never be achieved in
the absence of centralized direction and plan-
ning.. . . and without full mobilization of the
nation's economic and manpower resources in
1943 . .. To continue disturbances to American
economy caused by present methods of procure-
ment and production will permanently injure
the country in the post-war period and will
prolong the war."
But more than this, the Tolan Committee
has reminded the people that we failed to
meet Roosevelt's production goals set up for
1942. This, the committee said, reflects a
general maladjustment in the war production
The committee also has brought out the fact
that our 1942 production record fell decidedly
short of our possible organized productive ca-
pacity-a fact demonstrated by the lack of lend-
lease supplies our allies have suffered and by the
uneven equipment of our own soldiers.
WHAT this Senate group said should not be
taken lightly. They have studied the prob-
lems of war economy over two years and as a
solution have presented to Congress the Tolan-
This bill would create an Office of War
Mobilization with four constituent offices of
production, manpower supply, technological mo-
bilization, and economic stabilization. It would
reorganize our government war effort, combining
the related problems of war production, farm
output, raw material supply, manpower, and
Congress now has the opportunity to pass
upon the merits of this proposal, but should
certainly not pass over them. . This is a bill
which will achieve "centralized direction and
planning,' and the "full mobilization of the
nation's economic and manpower resources."
It will give America a planned all-out war
economy, but more than that, it will make our
"total" war a reality. -Bud Brimmer
America First Boosts
Fliers for Presidency
WTE READ that America First has been resur-
rected, this time under the sponsorship of
Gerald L. K. Smith, et al. The newly heartened
isolationists recently boomed as potential presi-
dential timber the two fliers, Lindbergh and
We Americans characteristically idolize our
heroes, finding in them all kinds of virtue. We
fail to realize that a man may be the first
to cross the Atlantic alone and a decade later
develop into a fascist; or that showing forti-
tude on a raft in the Pacific does not make one
an authority on production.
T HE PARTIES of reaction feel the need of a
"hero" or a "man on horseback."' Unable to
BRather Be Right
-- By SAMUE GRAFTrON
NEW YORK-NOT LIKE LAST YEAR: Well,
second front talk has started again. The London
press has greeted Prime Minister Churchill's re-
turn with a salvo of demands for instant armed
action in Europe. British newspapers, ranging
from the London Times to the Daily Express,
are not waiting to hear Mr. Churchill; they are
Yet a great change has come over the second
front debate since it beat the drums and banged
the cymbals last fall.
Then, if you remember, the plea for a second
fror'.' was a plea to help an about-to-be-beaten
Russia. The Nazis had prolonged their shadow
deep into the Caucasus. They were losing at
Stalingrad, but it didn't look like it. The plea
for a second front was a plea to take the weight
THE IDIOTS BECOME GENTLEMEN
The current argument for a second front is
quite different; it is an argument to join a
winning Russia and rank as partners with her
at the finish. The climate- of the debate has
changed profoundly. The second front now looks.
like a chance to get in on a going business,
whereas last fall it was a kind of fire sale propo-
Now, all over the world, minds are ticking
busily, trying to encompass the meaning of
this profound change. Let us look into the
political developments which have been
brought about by Russia's military progress. I
especially recommend this study to Secretary
of State Hull, who believes it is possible to sep-
arate political from military factors:
1. Russia's push has overturned Nazi political
strategy. Last fall Hitler publicly labeled west-
erners who contemplated a second front as "idi-
ots." Today Goering pleads with the "gentle-
men" of London to stop helping the "barbarians"
of the east. The idiots have become gentlemen, a
promotion granted them on the basis of victories
won by the barbarians.
FEARS AND WHISPERS '
2. There is (let us whisper it) a certain amount
of anti-Russianism in America and England.
Last fall these circles of influence were hostile
to the second front idea. This year these same
gentlemen are beginning to wonder.. One sees
speculation, in the isolationist press particularly,
to the effect that maybe a big and active Ameri-
can army is not a bad sort of notion, to counter-
act Russia's new strength. Europe, which seemed
so forbidding, begins to entice them with a siren
song. It suddenly seems easier to ship soldiers'
3. The London "New Statesman"'says flatly
that Russia has begun to fear that when the
second front comes, it will be aimed indirectly
against her, as well as directly against Ger-
many. The "New Statesman" also says that
Russia is especially fearful of a. second front in
the Balkans, as a thrust against her influence
in that area. The Communist press leas begun
to argue that the Channel coast'of France is
the only place for a second front.
4. The Nazis, by weeping and hollering cop, are
doing their utmost to build up western fears,
so that we won't quite know whether our task is
to complete the destruction of. Hitler or to halt it.
CAN WE STAND VICTORY?
It is as if the Nazis, after testing .out the firm-
ness of the American-British-Russian military
the true -importance of the Casablanca confer-
ence. When Mr. Roosevelt and Mr. Churchill
said unconditional surrender, the west an-
nounced its willingness to take its chances on a
world without a Hitler in it. Choose your part-
ners! There is a Hitler line, and a Casablanca
line. You may follow one or the other, but not
both, and no mixture of both.
(Copyright, 1943, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
WASHINGTON-Secretary of the 'Interior
Ickes has a U.S. Senator squatting on Govern-
ment land and doesn't quite know what to do
about him. The squatter is Montana's Senator
Burton K. Wheeler, who has a house on Lake
MacDonald in the Glacier National Park.
The house was acquired before it was against
the law for a member of Congress to own a
house at Lake MacDonald. That was in 1916
when Wheeler was U.S. District Attorney , in
Montana and when part of the Lake MacDon-
ald area was under the Forestry Service.
Later Wheeler was elected to the Senate, and
all of the Lake MacDonald area was made part
of Glacier National Park. The year after Wheel-
er's election, 1924, he himself raised the point
that he could not legally sign a permit to keep
his house in the national park.
This is based upon Title 41, Section 21 of the
U.S. Code which prohibits a contract with the
United States by which a member of Congress
would share or profit.
Wheeler, however, was allowed to retain his
house in the national park without signing a
permit. He was a squatter on government suf-
ferance. This continued for 17 years until
September, 1941, when the Wheeler cottage
was damaged by fire and he asked permission
- The Senator took the matter up with the then
Undersecretary of the Interior Jack Dempsey,
in- charge of national parks, who authorized the
remodelling job, and since it was illegal for
Wheeler to sign a remodelling permit, Dempsey
suggested that it might be signed by Mrs.
Accordingly, Mrs. Wheeler on Oct. 8 last year
made an oral request for such a permit. How-
ever, Assistant Secretary of Interior Burlew
ruled that it would be contrary to law for any
member of the Senator's family to sign a per-
mit. This decision was taken just before Christ-
mas and there the matter now stands. No one
knows what .the next move -will be, whether
Wheeler will continue to keep his summer place,
and if so, how he can rebuild it without a permit.
Lieut.-Gen. B. B. Somervell, efficient Chief of
the Services of - Supply, accompanied President
Roosevelt to Casablanca. While there, he pep-
pered his subordinates in Washington with cables
ordering this, that and the other thing to rein-
fnrm- n.anoi n-nhnwmrc.arm
T IS TIME that Congress and the
liberal forces of America came to
understand each other. Each has a
false image of the other. Congress,
under the spell- of Martin Dies and
some of his fellows, has been tending
to think of the liberals as the princi-
pal enemy against which it must di-
rect its war energies. And the liberals
correspondingly have come to think
of Congress as beyond retrieving.
The results may prove tragic. One
result is that the country already is
in the midst of a minor Constitutional
crisis-a crisis that may become a
major one, if Congress and the Ad-
ministration get caught in a mortal
struggle and our Government becomes
government by deadlock.
No one who has studied American
government ever expects from any
Congress and any President a mar-
riage of true minds. Except for the
honeymoon periods that sometimes
follow Presidential elections, they
are bound to clash. If they did not,
it would be a sign of unhealth in
our body politic.
The great English historian, Arnold
Toynbee, has pretty well shown in his
exciting work, A Study of History,
that when any civilization ceases to
generate conflicts, it ceases to contain
the stuff of life. Perfection is death,
in the history of governments as in
the biography of individuals.
But in a time of crisis the nation
has a right to demand that first
things come first. In a time of war
crisis, the cost of warfare between the
branches of the government well may
be the loss of victory and of the fruits
THERE are elements of sickness in
Congress today, and there are ele-
ments of health. When liberals grow
despondent they should remember
that Martin Dies is not the American
Congress, and Sam Hobbs is not the
American Congress. The large major-
ity of men and women in Congress
are Americans who, whatever their
politics, are like other Americans..
They are the stuff out of which what-
ever American future we have must
The vicious elements in Congress
are a minority, not a majority.
There is today, on issues where the
Administration can be embarrassed
politically, a majority alliance of
Republicans and Tory Democrats.
If that alliance remains an endur-
ing one during the rest of the war
and in the immediate post-war
years, then both Congress and the
country are hell-bent for a harsh
and bleak future. That is why the
decent elements in Congress, liberal
and conservative alike, must act
before it is too late to repudiate the
There are Congressmen who sup-
port Martin Dies and his group be-
cause their image of the world is the
same as his. There are Congressmen
who support him because it is their
idea of smart politics. With the first
group nothing can be done. With the
second group, we only can implore
them to bethink themselves: that
they may not be so smart after all,
that their smartness may be fatal to
themselves as well as to the nation.
BUT THERE is a third group that
supports the Congressional e-
tremists because they have a false
chief of staff, Maj.- Gen. W. D. Styer,
"Why not ship Pentagon?"
Thurman Arnold Resigns
Trust-busting Thurman Arnold,
who has done more to protect the
doctrine of free competition laid
down by the Founding Fathers than
any man in three decades, has finally
decided to bow out as Assistant At-
torney General and sit on the clois-
tered bench of the U.S. Court of
Appeals for the District of Columbia.
In doing so, Thurman set a prece-
dent. He turned down a $100,000 law
job in New York. That much money
is tempting even to a Republican, but
especially to a man as poor as Thur-
Stepping into a lucrative law job
after the relative poverty of a gov-
ernment salary has been the accus-
tomed thing for years, but Arnold
He has two hard-hitting young
menewho probably will take his place,
Hugh Cox as Assistant Attorney Gen-
eral in charge of the Anti-Trust Di-
vision and Tom Clark probably as
Assistant Attorney General in charge
of a new War Division. They will be
good. But they'll have to be awfully
good to equal the bellicose,dbadgering,
relentless Thurman Arnold.
Real reason Arnold is stepping
out is that every time he attempts
to prosecute a big corporation, the
Army, the Navy, the Interstate
Commerce Commission or the Civil
Aeronautics Board steps in and
says: "Sh-h-h. You might disturb
the prosecutionnof the war" At-
idea of the honor and good name of
They conceive Congress to be on
the receiving end of an anti-parlia-
mentary attack. They bristle de-
fensively even when a Congressman
with whom they are in' deep dis-
agreement is attacked. They bristle
at anything that seems to impeach
the integrity of Congress as a body.
They are like the members of a
quarreling family who are at one
another's throats until the neigh-
bors seek to express sympathy for
one side or the other-when they
drop their quarrels and join forces
to annihilate the outsiders.
Ultimately, the whole problem is a
case of Congress against itself. Con-
gress is not an assembly of gods. But
it has behind it a great parliamentary
tradition, and ahead of it a great fu-
ture-unless it chooses to destroy that
future. The reform of Congress must,
in no small measure, come from with-
in. We on the outside can help, by
expressing the viewpoint of ordinary
Americans from day to day. But the
job must be done by the large decent
majority of Congress.
-Max Lerner, PM
THE DANUBE turned to ice under
the bridges of Budapest has be-
come a symbol of the hardening de-
spair of the Hungarians as their arm-
ies are captured or killed in the losin1
battle of Russia. Whether or not there
are peace demonstrations in the
streets of the capital, it is certain
that popular revulsion against the
Nazi war and Nazi pressure for more
and more cannon fodder is as ex-
plosive in Hungary as in Rumania.
In both countries the demand for
new levies for what they call "the,
campaign of death" fans the sullen
anger of the people into open rebel-
lion. Not even the German retreat
from hard-won key positions is more
impressive testimony to the reality of
the Russian victories than the multi-
plying signs of alarm and resistanc
among the so-called allies of Ger-
many on the eastern front.
This is evident in the somber and
resentful tone of Italian official
broadcasts, in the irrepressible revolt
in Bucharest, in the ferment among
the peasants in Bulgaria. Hungary
from the first has balked at sending'
troops into Russia. Lately the Gov-'
ernment has refused to contribute.
fresh contingents to perish on the
frozen steppes; at the same time;
Hungarian workers in the Reich have
been called home, and Berlin has
been notified that no more labor or
food can be spared. This attitude con-
firms other indications that the na-
tions nearest the eastern battleground
are also in process of retreat-from
Hitler as well as from Stalin. Hungary
in particular, terrified by the thought
of her position in the event of German
defeat, is primarily concerned at this,
juncture to keep her remaining forces
at home to defend her own frontiers.
Hungary does not have to write
"1918" on the walls of her cities, be-
cause the memory of her last de-
feat is graven deep in the minds of
the people. They have been through
all this before, and the evidence
that the old fears are openly ex-
pressed today is proof that the de-
cline of German power has reached
a stage that even the military com-
muniques do not fully reveal.
-New York Times1
THlURSDAY, FEB. 11, 19:. .
VOL. LII No. 87
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Public Health Assembly: An assembly for
students in the School of Public Health
will be held on Monday, February 15, at
4:00 p.m. In the Auditorium of the W. K.
Kellogg Foundation Institute. Dr. Haven
Emerson of Columbia University will ad-
dress the assembly on the subject, "The
Principles and Content of a Uniform State
Public Health Law."
All Public Health students are expected
Applications in Support of Research
Projects! To give Research Committees
and the Executive Board adequate time to
study all proposals, it is requested that
faculty members having projects needing
support during 1942-1943 file their pro-
posals in the Office of the Graduate School
by Friday, Feb. 19. Those wishing to renew
previous requests whether now receiving
support or not should so indicate. Applica-
tion forms will be mailed or can be ob-
;;term. The office. 201Maon ailai oen
between 9 and 12 and 2 and 4.
University Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information -
Seniors in Mechanical, Aeronautical, C
vil, Engineering Mechanics, and AUe
Engineering: Mr. T. w. Prior, of Goodyeaj
Tire & Rubber Company and Goodyeal
Aircraft. will interview seniors today an
Friday morning, Feb. 11. in Room 218 Wst
Interview schedule is posted on the Bu-
letin Board at Room 221 W. Engineering
Due to Labor Shortage, Sunday Serving
Hours at the Michigan League will be
changed as follows: Breakfast-8:00-10:
Sunday Dinner: Cafeteria-12:00-4:00, Din-
No evening meals will be served on Sun-
Week day serving hours will remain un-
University Lecture: Professor Meyer Sha-
piro, of the Department of Fine Arts, Col-
umbia University. will lecture on the sub-
bet. "The Content of Modern Art" (illus-
trated) at 4:15 p.m. today in the Rackham
Amphitheatre, under t, auspices of the
Department of Fine Arts. The public is
University Lecture: Dr. Alberto Area-
Parro. National Director of Statistical Serv
ices, Republic of Peru, will lecture on the
subject, "Peru's Population Problems: Eco-
nomically Active and Inactive Populatin,"
under the auspices of the Department o
Geography on Tuesday. February 18, at
4:15 p.m. in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
The public is invited.
Lecture: Dr. Melvin H. Knisely of the De-
partment of Anatomy, University of chi-
cago, will give a lecture on the subject,
"Intravascular Agglutination in Human
Diseases," illustrated with moving pictures,
on Friday. Febrary 12. at 11:00 a.m. in the
Amphitheatre of the University Hospital
under the auspices of the Medical School.
University Choir (Ensemble 50): Male
voices are needed for the spring term.
Membership is open to students in any
school or college of the University whether
electing the course for credit or not. Re-
hearsals Monday through Friday at 11
o'clock in Lane Hall. Sacred and secular
a cappella literaturetcomprises the mater
ial for study. Contact Hardin Van Deursen,
the director, Room 223, School of Music
Preliminary examinations in French and
German for the doctorate will be held on
Friday, Feb. 12, at 4 o'clock, in the Amphi-
theatre of Rackham Building. Dictionaries
may be used.
Social Studies 93: This class will meet in
the future in Room 25 Angell Hall. A seat-
ing list has been posted on the bulletin
board near the front entrance to Room 2.
Seniors who wish to be eligible to con-
tract to teach the modern foreign languages
in the registered Secondary Schools of New
York State are notified that the required
examination in French, Spanish, German,
and Italian will be given here on Feb. 19.
Those who wish to take this examination
hould notify Professor Pargment (100 R.L.)
not later than Feb. 12. No other oppor-
tunity to qualify will be offered until Aug.,
1943, when Summer School attendance is
a prerequisite for admission to the exam-
Choral Union Concert: Jaseha Hefetz,
violinist, will give the eighth concert in
;he Choral Union Series, Tuesday, Feb. 1,
at 8:30 In Hill Auditorium. His program
will consist of numbers by Mozart, Bach,
Vieuxtemps. Prokofieff, Shostakovih, Gla,-
zounoff and Tschaikowsky. A limited num-
ber of tickets are still available at the of-
fices of the University Musical Society -in
Burton Memorial Tower.
Alec Templeton, Pianist, will be heard in
a special concert Thursday evening, Feb.
25, in Hill Auditorium. Tickets (tax in-
cluded): $1.10, 90c and 60c, and may be
purchased at the offices of the University
Musical Society in Burton Memorial Tower.
Charles A. Sink, President
Faculty Recital: Mrs. Maud Okkelberg,
Assistant Professor of Piano in the School
of Music, will present a recital at-t4':15 Sun-
day afternoon, February 14, in the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. Her program will
include compositions by Mozart, Schubert,
Haydn, Weber, Castelnuovo-Tedesco, Mil-
haud and Brahms. The public is cordially
Varsity Glee Club: It is important that
all members be present at the rehearsal
tonight at 7:30. Important business meet-
Sing after rehearsal.
The School of Music Melody Mixer for
Faculty, music students and all students
taking music courses: Entertainment and
refreshment tonight at 7:45. Grand Rapids
Room of the Michigan League.
Annual Spanish Tea: Tryouts will meet
in Room 302 R.L. at 3:00 p.m. today. If
this time is not suitable, please see Mr.
Mercado and it will be arranged.
Mortarboard Members: There will be an
important meeting for all members today
,at 4:00 p.m.
Monroe Smith, National Director of Amer-
ican Youth Hostels, will speak at the Wom-
en's Athletic Building tonight at 8:00.
Anyone interested is cordially invited.
Booth Committee of the Junior Project
will meet today at 4:15 p.m. at the League.
All those working on the committee and
those interested in joining are asked to
Craft Work; Mrs. Osma Gallinger of the
lHartland Area Crafts will be at the Craft
Shop at Lane Hall today and Friday from
1:30 to 5:00 p.m. to give instruction in
weaving. All interested students are in-
vited to come to the shon during thes