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March 13, 1943 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1943-03-13

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.


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Be Called



Eden Arrives in
apital o an
Alli4ed Meeting
British Foreign Secretary Has Come
At U.S. Invitation To Confer With FDR
On Plans for United Nations Meeting
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 12.- Anthony Eden, British Foreign Secretary,
arrived in Washington tonight for momentous conversations aimed at
cementing the United Nations in a fuller understanding.
A terse announcement from the White House said the purpose of the
visit of the debonair diplomat "is to undertake a general exchange of views
and to discuss the most effective method of preparing for meetings between
the governments of all United Nations with the United States government'
on all aspects of the war situation, to consider questions arising out of the
Eden came here on the invitation of the United States, it was an-
nounced and, in addition to the important diplomatic conference, will

"see at first hand
great war effort

something of the C
of the UnitedI

Eden's arrival climaxed a long
series of official utterances pointing
toward the inauguration of vital in-
ter-government talks on post-war
problems as well as the present.
Conferences Planned
Only recently acting Secretary of
State Welles, after previous speeches
urging the necessity of reaching
agreements without waiting for the
end of the war, announced that the
United States intended "at once" to
take preliminary steps with its Allies
toward inter-governmental confer-
Simultaneously with Eden's arrival,
it was learned that Secretary ,of
State Cordell Hull, who has been
resting in Florida for a fortnight, is
returning to Washington over the
Before he left London, Eden told
the House of Commons the British
government welcomed Welles' pro-
posal for a conference now on post
war aims.
Understanding Needed
Meanwhile .Vice-President Wallace
in an address at Delaware, Ohio, last
Monday, stressed the necessity of a
satisfactory understanding between
the western democracies and Russia.
He underlined the urgency of arriv-
ing at such an understanding by ex-
pressing the fear that otherwise
"World War No. 3 will be inevitable."
In this connection, the Press Asso-
ciation 'said tonight at London that
Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin had
been informed of Eden's trip to
Washington-"and there is reason to
believe he heard of it with pleasure."
Weather School
Begins Monday
Meteorology Students
To Train for Half-Year
Men in the Army Air Force Meteor-
ological school here will begin their
primary training Monday morning,
Prof. Marvin Niehuss, emergency war
training director, announced yester-
The men have been arriving all
week from various Army reception
centers and have taken up barracks
in the East Quadrangle.
Under the present plan the course
will run six months after successful
completion of which the student
soldiers will be. sent to Grand Rapids
or Chicago for nine months of ad-
vanced training. '
Dr. Alexander G, Ruthven, Presi-
dent of the University will welcome
the trainees at 2 p.m. tomorrow in a
brief informal ceremony in the East
The 400 room East Quadrangle was
vacated at the end of last semester by
regular University students to pro-
vide barracks space for the weather
school training detachment.
The University will provide instruc-
tion and physical drill for all the
men. Faculty members of the literary
nnil-a.ati ha n-iaaa nl. nAm

Women Aid in
All-Out Drive
For Red Cross
$1102 Collected by
'U' Coeds in March,
Quota Set at $2500
In their Red Cross membership
drive for $2,500 during the month
of March; the University women stu-
dents have collected $1,002.31 by the
count that was taken yesterday.
Ten houses have already turned
in 100 per cent contributions to this
campaign. These houses are Alpha
No one who reads the news-
papers, or who talks with return-
ing soldiers or sailors can fail to
realize what a vital part the Red
Cross bears in the life of our men
abroad. No one familiar with the
work of this organization here at
home can ignore the tremendous
good being done by its workers.
The least we can do is to give all
the financial support possible to
this leader in maintaining morale
and in saving lives-the American
Red Cross.
Joseph A. Bursley
Dean of Students
Gamma Delta, Chi Omega, Mrs.
Gray's league house, Rock House,
Alpha Delta Pi, Kappa Alpha Theta,
Pi Beta Phi, Madison House, Keusch
House and the Hunt House.
A chart will be posted in the Mich-
igan League lobby in the next few
days showing the contributions of
every women's residence on campus.
This drive is headed by Geraldine
Stadelman, '44. She is assisted by
Marion Baskette, '44, Audrey Brat-
man, '43 and Florence Turin, '44.
With the purpose of contacting
men who are not living on campus,
the Manpower Corps stationed three
booths on campus yesterday. Open
for four hours, they collected $44,
the majority of this amount coming
from booths in the Union and Engi-
neering Arch. Women were in charge
of these booths.
Miners Threaten
To Strike March 31
NEW YORK, March 12.-()-
Threats of work stoppages in bitumi-
nous coal mines in April if a contract
is not signed by March 31 granting
wage boosts to 450,000 northern and
southern miners were made today by
United Mine workers union district
Addressing the joint northern Ap-
palachian wage conference, James
Mark, president of district 2, UMW,
charged operators with "hiding be-
hind the skirts of the War Labor
Board," and declared:
"No matter what the Labor Board
says or does, if the men don't get a
contract by March 31, they won't go
into those mines April 1. We're out
to get a substantial wage increase
and we're going to get it no matter
what the consequences are."

House Vote
Deals FDR
Sharp Blow
$25,000 Limit on
Wartime Salaries1
Nullified by House
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 12.- A
powerful House coalition, swinging
behind a protest against executive
"usurpation" of Congressional pow-
ers, voted overwhelmingly today to
nullify President Roosevelt's long
embattled order limitingwartime
salaries to $25,000 after taxes.
In the clearest and severest blow
yet dealt the administration by the
78th Congress, the House passed by
roll call vote of 268 to 129 a double-
barreled measure carrying the re-
pealer along with authority for the
national debt to climb to $210,000,-
House Sets Rule
In place of the Roosevelt rule, the
House provided that no ceilig could
be set on salaries over $25,000 below
their level of Dec. 7, 1941, the date
this country entered the war. Sal-
aries which were below that figure
then could not rise above $25,000
after taxes now.
The action followed two days of
the most heated debate-of this ses-
sion and a desperate, last-ditch at-
tempt by administration supporters
to rally their forces for preservation
of the President's order.
Republicans Lead
The coalition was formed chiefly
of Republicans but had a substantial
following from the Democratic side
of the aisle. The repeal rider was
drafted by a Democrat, Rep. Disney
of Oklahoma, a member of the Ways
and Means Committee, who termed
it a move to end "government by
The greater part of the discussion
centered around counter proposals
Va.), Wolcott (Rep.-Mich.) and
Gearhart (Rep.-Calif.) and an at-
tempt by Rep. Cooper (Dem.-Tenn.)
to eliminate the Disney rider alto-
Allied Airmen
Ht 7,000-Ton
Japanese Ship
British Hit Stuttgart
As Luftwaffe Blasts
London in Retaliation
AUSTRALIA, March 13. (Satur-
day) --(MP-Allied airmen scored a
direct hit on a 7,000-ton Japanese
merchant ship, damaged two similar
vessels, and shot out of action six
enemy fighters without the loss of
a plane, a communique said today.
The 7,000-ton ship was caught with
a 500-pound bomb dropped by an
American Liberator over Ambon Har-
bor, Amboina Island, despite intense
anti-aircraft fire. In a running fight
with eight Japanese fighters four
of the enemy were knocked out, and
returning airmen said at least two
of them were destroyed.
Heavy clouds prevented observa-
tion of the full result of the raid
which also was directed at other
shipping and harbor installations.

The other two Japanese fighters
shot out of action attempted to stop
a raid on Lautem on Timor Island
where two smaller ships-a 300-ton
motor vessel and a lugger-were
Parked enemy aircraft also were
damaged at a Timor airdrome by low.
flying Allied planes.

The University Hospital and
the Health Service need vonteer
You will be paid:
Fifty-one cents per hour if you
work 14 hours a week at either
the Health Service or University
Set your own working hours.
Volunteers are desperately
needed to work a minimum of
jfour hours a week.
Hospital Aid
Is Asked by
University Men
Fail To Answer
Call for Volunteers
Manpower Corps officials last night
again appealed to students to sign up
at University Hospital and the Health
Service for much-needed volunteer
work after only 11 students had of-
fered their services by 4 p.m. yester-
Bill Buckley, '45, head of the Man-
power hospital volunteer division,
said of the turn-out that "it was
highly disappointing from a campus
that set up the only organization of
its kind in the country with so much
enthusiasm." He was referring to the
Manpower Corps, created last fall by
a war-minded group of campus lead-
Orderly Shortage
To date University Hospital has
only three orderlies on the job during
the day and the shortage of porters
has seriously handicapped the trans-
portation of patients, drugs and linen
from one part of the hospital to an-
other, he said.
Three porters are retired ministers
"helping for all they're worth" at the
hospital and most of the cleaning is
being done by nurses.
With yesterday's 11 students who
asked to be put to work, the total of
students who have volunteered to
help in the crisis is now 18.
35 Needed
Buckley said that a minimum of
35 male workersat the hospital will
meet demands for help there.
Manpower head Marv Borman, '44,
said last night that both the hospital
and the Health Service will pay re-
gular wages for time worked by the
students. He said that the Manpower
offices will be open during the day
and any student can arrange the
hours he wants to work through the
"A couple of hours now and then
will help out more than students rea-
lize," he pointed out. '
39 Girls Volunteer
To Help at Hospital
Thirty-nine Jordan girls volun-
teered for hospital work yesterday
within a few hours after a notice had
been posted on the house bulletin
board, and eight reported at the hos-
pital to begin their work immediately.
These freshmen girls will work sev-
eral hours each week to help relieve
the critical shortage of orderlies by
doing clerical and laboratory work,
carrying trays, filling ice bags, clean-
ing, and performing other tasks, thus
relieving doctors and nurses for more
urgent duties.
Housing Planned for
Willow Run Workers
WASHINGTON, March 12.-(A)~-
Authorization for immediate con-

struction of 2,000 publicly-financed
dormitory units and 1,000 small
apartments as emergency housing for
war workers in the Willow Run
bomber plant area near Detroit was
granted today by National Housing
Administrator John B. Blandford, Jr.,
to the public housing authority.

Reds Push
Back Nazis
At Vyazma
9,000 Germans Killed
In Powerful Centra
Front Drive by Soviets
By The Associated Press
LONDON, March 13. (Saturday)-
The Red Army captured Vyazma and
killed 9,000 Germans yesterday in
the powerful central front sweep to-
ward the Nazi anchor of Smolensk,
but in the south Moscow area another
withdrawal in the critical third bat-
tle for Kharkov which the Germans
said was the scene of a bitter street
struggle was announced.
Outnumbered Russian troops again
fell back west of Kharkov to new po-
sitions, the midnight Moscow bulletin
said, while on the south side of the
Ukraine stronghold fight waves of
attacking Nazis were beaten down,
the enemy losing 23 tanks and 800
The German High Command had
announced earlier that its troops had
broken into the city. Accounts from
both sides made it clear that the bat-
(AP)- Large quantities of lend-
lease aid is being sent to Russia
via the Pacific, it was disclosed
officially today. Some observers
regarded it as probable Japan had
full knowledge of the shipments
but were not interfering with
movement of the Russian vessels
because that country is not at war
with Russia.
tle was approaching the magnitude
of the fight for Stalingrad. The Rus-
sians stressed that their troops were
combatting "numerically superior"
forces, reinforced by reserves brought
from western Europe.
Late last night the house-to-house
struggle still was going on, German
radio reports said, and Rome's sta-
tion quoted Berlin dispatches saying
Nazi troops "occupy the northern and
western parts ofnthe townnas well as
the center as far as the Red Square."
One Berlin propaganda agency, the
International Information Bureau,
earlier had been quoted by the Ger-
man radio as saying that Kharkov
was recaptured, but this subsequent-
ly was qualified to acknowledge "ex-
tremely fierce fighting is still in
progress in south Kharkov."
RAF Bombers
Blast Rommel
Air Attack Halts New
Nazi Tunisian Attack
NORTH AFRICA, March 12.- (P)-
Marshal Erwin Rommel's second at-
tempt to beat back the Allied ring
tightening around his Axis troops in
Tunisia has failed under sweeping
low-level aerial attack by the RAF
which forced his armored units to
withdraw from Ksar Rhilane, 40
miles south of the Mareth Line, leav-
ing 21 wrecked vehicles and seven
guns on the battlefield.
The RAF reported its western des-
ert force destroyed all but nine arm-
ored vehicles out of a total estimated
at 30 in Rommel's attacking group.
Low-flying desertafightersgand
bombers ripped at Axis ground for-
ces throughout the day, leaving a
great portion of the attacking Ger-
man motored units in flames.
Rommel's futile attempt to break

the Allied ring closing around him
was coupled with three fruitless local
assaults by Col. Gen. Jurgen Von
Arnim's Axis troops in the Sedjenane
sector of northern Tunisia and has-
tened the day of the inevitable show-
down battle between Anglo-Ameri-
can forces and the Axis.

FDR Declares
Opposition to
Runil Tax Plan
Income Favoritism,
Reduction of Revenue
Declared as Reason
WASHINGTON, March 12.-(P)-
President Roosevelt came out flatly
against the Ruml Tax Plan today on
the ground that it would reduce the
government's revenue and favor per-
sons with large incomes.
His opposition, made known at a
press conference, was his first ex-
pression on the controversial plan to
skip an income tax year to put col-
lection on a current basis, although
his Secretary of the Treasury has
been outspoken against it.
The President's stand sharpened
the party lines along which the issue
probably will be battled out on the
House floor. Republicans have called
a meeting for Monday at which they
are expected to organize almost sol-
idly behind the Ruml Plan.
Meanwhile the Ways and Means
Committee decided to do nothing
more about a pay-as-you-go plan
than to offer small discounts, or bar-
gain rates, as an inducement to tax-
payers to put themselves on a cur-
rent payment basis by paying two
year's taxes in one year, if they
Under the committee's plan, a tax-
payer must pay his full 1942 income
taxes this year, as the law now pro-
vides; his 1943 income tax techni-
cally will not be due until next March
15. But if he pays his 1943 tax by
June 15 of this year he can get a three
per cent discount; if he pays by Sept.
15 he can get a two per cent discount;
by Dec. 15, a one per cent discount.
Next year, if he pays his 1944 tax by
March 15 he can get a four per cent
discount; by June 15, a three per cent
discount, and so forth.
The 20 per cent withholding tax
against wages and salaries which the
committee previously had voted to
levy starting July 1 would still be im-
posed. This would be applied against
the taxes due under present law and
would not constitute an additional
U.S. Bombers,
RAF Spitfires
Smash Rouen
LONDON, Saturday, March 12.-
(P)-Heavy American bombers dealt
a hard blow to Rouen in France this
afternoon following the RAF's
smashing attack Thursday night on
Stuttgart in southwestern Germany,
and tonight the Nazis increased the
tempo of their counter-raids against
this island.
Enemy raiders showered explosives
and incendiaries on two towns in the
northeast tonight, following up day-
light stabs by their comrades who got
as far as the London suburbs al-
though suffering relatively heavy
Heavy anti-aircraft fire met the
German planes as they swept in low
over the coast dropping flares, but
the enemy severely hit a mining town
where casualties resulted and houses
and buildings were wrecked.
Several persons were trapped in
the o.P11A.r of a. hotel and ae

rest on Thursday.
According to the original an-
nouncement concerning the status of
the advanced company, they will re-
turn to the University after their
processing to live in military bar-
racks. The Army release yesterday
confirmed this plan.
Definite plans as to where the men
will live have not as yet been com-
pleted, Col. Ganoe said, but "it is
definite they will live in barracks."
The processing period which will
involve physical examination and
issuance of regular Army uniforms
will last from two to five days, the
announcement said.
Original plans that the seniors in
the company would go to Service
School at the completion of the cur-
rent term were not changed. The
rest of the men will be ordered to
basic training centers at the end of
the semester.
This announcement comes after
conflicting reports have been re-
ceived. March 1 and 8 were pre-
viously set as induction dates.
After the men return from the
induction centers they will be per-
mitted to resume their regular aca-
demic training.
Orders 'Calling ERC
Men to Duty Halted
Yesterday was the second consecu-
tive day that no new orders had
been received calling men in the
Army Enlisted Reserve Corps to ac-
tive duty.
Dr. Burton Thuma, armed service
representative on campus, empha-
sized a communication received from
the Sixth Service Command.
"All men in the ERC and advanced
ROTC who were erroneously called to
duty during the past week should ig-
nore their present orders," he said,
"and should await revoking orders
which have been dispatched."
The group of men who received
their orders included pre-dental, pre-
medical, and engineering students,
and men in the Advanced Corps of
the ROTC.
"These men were on our deferred
list," Thuma said, "and they will be
permitted to remain in school till
the end of the present semester."
Singtime To Be
Givexn April 8
Proceeds Are To Go
To Scholarship Funds
Singtime-a Symphony in song-
is the combination of more than a
hundred voices with the Michigan
Union orchestra in the spring con-
cert sponsored by the Manpower
Corps, April 8 in Hill Auditorium.
This concert "the first of its kind
ever to be presented on this cam-
pus" according to Dick Cole, pub-
licity director, will be presented in
Detroit March 25 for the annual
"University of Michigan Night."
Proceeds of both concerts will be
given to the Bomber Scholarship
fund and to the Glee Club Scholar-
ship Fund.
For the first time in its history of
many orchestrations "Rhapsody in
Blue" will be sung. The University
Women's Glee Club and a picked
chorus of Michigan men will sing
Ferdy Grofe's "On the Trail" as well
as other modern classics and popular
campus songs.
Bill Sawyer who is directing the
show said that it is expected to con-
tribute more to the Scholarship
funds than any other program this

168 Men To Report
o Induction Post
Calets Will Return To Resume Studies;
Will Live in Barracks after Processing
Orders calling the Advanced Corps of the ROTC to active duty will be
received Monday and Tuesday.
The orders will call the men to induction centers March 17 and 18
where they will be processed.
This announcement came directly from the Sixth Service Command
headquarters and was released by Col. William Ganoe. ROTC commandant,
The entire advanced company of 168 men will be affected by the orders
and they will proceed in two groups to "a nearby induction center." Some
~ ~ ~ ~----- -- - will report on Wednesday and the

I'eat Rationing Will Start March 29

WASHINGTON, March 12.- ()-
The new meat-cheese-butter-oils ra-
tioning will start March 29, the gov-
ernment announced today, and there
will be no sales "freeze" beforehand
as there was on other rationing pro-

meat ration, although Wickard esti-
mated that the amount of meat
available will average two pounds
per week per person for home con-
sumption. Actually the public will
be able to buy more or less meat,
depending on hQw many of the same

coupon-free to the customers, al-
though OPA will ration the supplies
used by restaurants.
Other details:
Buillion cubes and beef extracts,
not rationed now with canned soup,

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