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March 11, 1943 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-03-11

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OL ' Li, No. 109 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, MARCH 11. 1943

PRICE FIVE CENTS

I

I

FDR Hands

Vast Economic Plan to Congress

N

Investigating
Group Warns
Of Grim Year
Truman Committee
Lays Shortcomings
To Three Weaknesses
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Mrach 10.-The
Truman Committee told Americans
today to brace themselves for the
'toughest and grimmest" year and
attributed shortcomings in the Na-
tion's war effort to "three basic weak-
┬▒esses" which it said are now being
corrected.
'hose weaknesses, the committee's
second annual report declared, are:
'1 "Inadequate over-all planning
within government agencies at the
beg1tining of various programs, and
delay n determining basic polcies
nec ssary to carry out such programs
effectively."
"Confllcting authority over,
and responsiility for, various
phases of the war program, result-
14 2i delay and buck-passing."
. "esitency of government to
ad opt unwppUlar or unpleasant pl-
ies long after. n the factsclearly
indicate, such policies were neces-
sary."
T e o ittee, headed by Senator
Trun t(eri-Mo.)? and known
formally as the s.ecial senate con-
mittee investi a g the war pro-
grani, expres ed supreme confidence
in victory despite the mistakes which
hav e been mrade.
"There has been great improve-
ment in the past year, particularly
in recent mont);s, in the correction of
the three basic weaknesses," it said.
No group )in the nation is solely re-
sponsible f r the weaknesses, the re-
port said.
Mallpower Call
Lacks Support
Only Two Students
Offer To Work
Bill Buckey, '45, head of the Man-
power Corps ,ospital volunteer divi-
sion, said yesterday that only two
men had answered the Hospital and
Health Service's urgent call for stu-
dent help during the first day of the
Corps' drive to recruit workers.
In,: an interview yesterday Miss
Kathryn Walsh, supervisor of all the
volunteers at the hospital, said that
there were only three orderlies work-
ing at the hospital during the day.
"The shortage of porters has serious-
ly handicapped the transportation of
patients, drugs and linen from one
pairt of the hospital to another," she
said.
Miss Walsh pointed out that three
of the porters were retired ministers
who' had come to work to help the
hospital. One orderly is assigned to
the operating rooms so that much of
the cleaning of the room is being
done by the nurses.
Turn to Page 2, Col. 3

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r

By The Associated Press
LONDON, March 11, Thursday-
Russia captured Bely and scores of
other towns yesterday in a smashing
central front drive to knock out
Smolensk, 80 miles away, while in
the south Moscow said today the
Germans had lost 800 more men and
35 tanks.
Gifgph collapsed against new Red
Army defenses below Kharkov.
The Russians also punched new
holes in Nazi positions below Lake
Ilmen on the front northwest of
Moscow, capturing several more lo-
calities on the approaches to Star-
aya Russa, Nazi 16th army head-
quarters, a midnight bulletin dis-
closed.
Nazis Recover Territory
German recovery of approximate-
ly 100 miles of strategic territory in
the Ukraine around Kharkov, ad-
mitted by Moscow Tuesday night,
had threatened to overshadow the
continuing Red Army successes on
the central front, but the latest bul-
letin indicated the Russians now
were holding firm there.
South and southwest of Kharkov,
said the communique, recorded by
the Soviet Monitor, "our troops re-

pulsed fierce attacks of enemy tanks
and infantry."
Nine of the 35 destroyed German
tanks were knocked out in one sector
of this front bya Soviethartillery
ambush, others making "a hasty re-
treat," and in another area one Red
Army formation alone killed the 800
Germans and destroyed 26 more en-
emy tanks in a successful stand.
Reds Capture Bely
The capture of Bely on the central
front put the Russians 70 miles
northwest of Vyazma in a further
flanking of that most exposed Nazi
eastern position. Vyazma itself was
imperiled by Russian columns driv-
ing close to the town from the east
and north.
The midnight bulletin said these
latter columns had "overwhelmed
the enemy's defenses" and captured
scores of hamlets on the approaches
1to Vyazma.
House Passes
Lend-Lease Act
M' Republicans Cast
Three of Six 'No' Votes
WASHINGTON, March 10.-(IP)-
A year's extension of the Lend LeaseI
Act was voted overwhelmingly by the
House today after it blocked a Re-
publican-sponsored attempt to state
specifically that Congress shall have
the final say on what this nation will
seek as payment for its wartime aid.
The 407 to 6 House vote sent the
bill to the Senate, whose Foreign Re-
lations Committee today unanimous-
ly approved a companion measure-
but with a warning that the Senate
expects major post-war economic
agreements to be submitted to it as
treaties.
House approval of the extension
came just a few minutes after rejec-
tion of a rider which might have
had, in months and years to come,
a far-reaching effect on foreign pol-
icy.
Defeat of the rider-a major vic-
tory for the Administration-came
on a teller's vote of 178 to 118.
The six republicans who voted
against extending the act until July,
1944, were Representatives Crawford,
Hoffman and Woodruff of Michigan
and Jones, Smith and Brehm of
Ohio.

Housing Survey
At Willow Run
Is Under Way
Plans for an immediate survey of
housing facilities available to work-
ers at the Willow Run bomber plant
were drafted last night by the Wash-
tenaw County Council of Defense.
Raymond Foley, Federal Housing
Authority Director for Michigan, ad-
dressing the meeting of the Defense
Council, estimated that between
4,000-5,000 men and women workers
could be housed within a reasonable
distance from the plant if all exist-
ing facilities were to be used.
The survey will be conducted by
means of a house-to-house canvass
of every private home and building in
this area, especially in Ann Arbor and
Ypsilanti. Volunteer workers, chosen
if possibles from the districts to be
surveyed, will conduct the canvass.
In order to facilitate clearing of
available accommodations and pros-
pective tenants, a War Housing Cen-
ter will be established in Ann Arbor
by the National Housing Agency.
Until it can be affected, the Home
Registration Office will serve as
headquarters for the canvass.
In accordance with the Office of
Price Administration ruling, April 1,
1941 levels will apply for rent where
this can bedetermined. The OPA re-
strictions on eviction of undesirable
tenants have been modified in order
to present no barrier to persons de-
siring to rent vacant rooms.
Mr. Foley said that although he
could not disclose figures for the em-
ployment program at Willow Run, "a
schedule of increased employment is
expected to proceed rapidly up from
here."

Reds Cut Huge Swath
In Smash at Smolensk

Campus Red
Cross Drive
Nets $300
Theta Chi Pledges
100 Per Cent for
Fund Contribution
With Theta Chi pledging a hun-
dred percent contribution and the en-
listed soldiers in the East Quadrangle
giving $40 yesterday, the men of the
University have already amassed $300
in their Red Cross Membership drive
for $1,000 in ten days.
Allen Mayerson, '45, was the first
of the campaign committee to reach
the quota set for each member when
he turned in the $100 he had collected
from various houses yesterday.
The booth in the East Quadrangle
will be kept open every day from 4 to
6 p.m. as long as there is a demand
for it by the soldiers. Both the offi-
cers and privates are contributing;
one man gave $5 yesterday. This
booth is under the direction of Don-
old Measner, '46.
Manpower to Open Booths
Three booths will be opened to-
morrow by the Monpower Corps.
These booths will be located in An-
gell Hall, the Union Lobby and the
Engineering Arch and will be manned
from 10 a.m. to noon and from 1 to
3 p.m.
Committee members have now been
assigned to the dormitories. The men
and their stations are Dick Wilkins,
Wenley House; Fred Watson, Adams
House; Art Detrisac, Chicago House;
Bill Wood and Jack Oxley, Michigan
House; Bob Dobbie, Allen, Rumsey
House; Calvin Cox, Fletcher Hall;
Lewis Sappington, Lloyd House;
Frank Arams and Bob Adrick, Wil-
liams House, and Roy Boucher,
Winchell House.
Fraternities Contacted
Under the direction of Bunny
Crawford, '45, chairman, and John
Clippert, '44E coordinator of collec-
tions, the committee from the Union,
the social fraternities and dormitor-
ties have already been covered. Pro-
fessinal fraternities and cooperatives
will be contacted starting tomorrow.
Over $345 was contributed by the
women to their membership drive
yesterday. With $2,800 more turned in
yesterday Ann Arbor's share of the
$53,000 county quota has risen to
$16,000.
Dear Lloyd Urges
Red Cross Support
The greatest service organization
in the world in time of war and in
time of peace is the Red Cross. Now
in this titanic struggle it serves the
boys in the far parts of the earth and
their families at home. It feeds the
starving and cares for the sick and
dying; it penetrates the walls of
prisons. Let us who are free and well
and safe give our utmostin financial
support of the noble work of the
American Red Cross.
-Alice C. Lloyd
Allies Rock Jap
Merchant Marine
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
AUSTRALIA, March 11. (Thursday)
-(R')-Allied heavy bombers dealt
punishing new blows to the Japanese
merchant marine yesterday over a
wide area of the Southwest Pacific,
attacking five merchantment and
heavily damaging two of them, the
High Command reported today.
Liberators and Flying Fortresses
ranging from the Celebes to Wewak

in northern New Guinea probably
destroyed a 7,000-ton enemy ship
at Boetong Island on the southeast
end of the Celebes. It was left burn-
ing fiercely from the shattering ex-
plosion of a heavy bomb, the noon
en-m1rnirt, ia

e

Originator

i

DR. WILLIAM HABER
Dr. William Haber, who headed
the committee preparing a report of
the new social security plan just pre-
sented to Congress by the President,
took leave of absence from the Uni-
versity a year ago last month to act
as advisor to the director of Bureau
of the Budget.
In Washington, he was engaged in
coordinating proposals and develop-
ing policies for the economic protec-
tion of civilians exposed to the haz-
ards of war, until he went into the
War Manpower Commission, when
it was created, as head of the Plan.
ning division.
While at the University Prof. Haber
divided his time between the eco-
nomics department where he taught
courses in social security, and the
Bureau of Public and Social Adminis-
tration in Detroit.
He was one of the experts making
up the committee which conferred
on the amending of the Social Secur-
ity Act.
Prior to his connection with the
University, Prof. Haber gained first
hand information on problems of so-
cial security when he served as Relief
Administrator for the state of Michi-
gan during three of the worst years
of the depression.
The Boys Were A.-Beering
WASHINGTON, March 10.-()-
Freshman legislators drank beer or
soft drinks and chatted with Presi-
dent Roosevelt at the White House
tonight at a gathering which 'was
generally interpreted as a concilia-
tory gesture from the administration
toward Congress.
The 117 new House and Senate
members-and apparently every one
of them showed up-heard no for-
mal speeches and received no special
form of entertainment, but they did
get an opportunity to shake hands
with the chief executive and talk
with him briefly.

Highlioiics of
FDR's Plant
Social Services
Benefit payments to workers
under Social Security who become
ill or disabled.
Federal aid to qualified youths
who desire college training.
Extension of Social Security to
some classes now exempt.
Aid to local communities to!
build hospitals as part of a broad
health program including gov-
ernment cooperation with the
medical profession in a plan for
patients to pay medical expenses
on a "budget plan."
Greater assistance to the aged,
blind and other groups receiving
public assistance.
Free lunches for all school chil-
dren.
War to Peace Economy
Guarantee every man released
from armed forces or war plants a
job with "fair pay and working
conditions."
Continue rationing and other
wartime restrictions so long as
necessary.
Give labor "responsibility in
organization and sharing in man-
agement:"

World News
In Brief..
By The Associated Press
A sea battle off the Dutch coast
between coastal vessels and a German
convoy was reported yesterday (Wed-
nesday) while the Germans claimed
that their submarines in the last five
days had sunk 23 Allied vessels in ac-
tions from the north Atlantic to the
Cape of Good Hope.
WASHIN+GTON, March 1.k~
-A hint that the current rate of
draft inductions may be speeded up
came today in a statement from
Charles P. Taft, Assistant Director
of the Office of Defense Health
and Welfare Services, that all 3-A
registrants may be inducted by
mid-summer.
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS .IN
North Africa, March 10.-(A)-Gen.
Sir Bernard L. Montgomery's British
8th Army began testing Marshal
Rommel's crippled tank forces today
preliminary to a Tunisian showdown
in which Montgomery promised to
give the enemy a "bloody nose" now
that he is "caught like a rat in a
trap."
LONDON, March 10.-(P)-The

'of Plan\

Cradle-to- Grave
Security Is Goal
FDR Urges Early Consideration;
Prof. Haber Headed Cor minttee
By WILLIAM T. PEACOCK
Associated Press Correspondent
WASHINGTON, March 10.- President Roosevelt today laid before Con-
gress a vast new cradle-to-grave program of social security and a blueprint
of a post-war America in which the government would be in partnership
with many businesses and labor would share in industrial management.
"Equal access to education" is included in the far-reaching pro-
posals, the oroducts of the National Resources Planning Board, which
contended that with proper planning the nation may hope for a life
of abundance unparalleled in all history.
The report was prepared for the Board by a special committee headed
by Dr. William Haber, on leave from the University of Michigan economics
department.
Mr. Roosevelt asked "full consideration" at this congressional session
of the steps proposed. In a letter of transmittal, he told the Congress:
"We fight today for security for our nation and at the same time
we can endeavor to give our citizens and their families security against
attacks from without, and against fear of economic distress in old age,
in poverty, sickness, involuntary unemployment and accidental injuries.
We need to look forward to the accomplishment of these objectives-
world peace, democratic society and a dynamic economy."
But there was little immediate enthusiasm manifest in Congress.
Chairman George (Dem.-Ga.) of the Senate finance committee, which

, would consider such legislation, said
he did not believe Congress would
be ready to proceed at this session
with broadening the social security
system.
The National Resources Planning
Board is headed by Frederic A. Del-
ano, the President's uncle. The
Board recently has encountered dif-
ficulties in Congress, where funds to
keep it going after next June 30 have
been rejected by the House and by
a Senate committee.
The proposals are contained in
two reports. The one dealing with
social security is entitled "Security,
Work and Relief Policies." Some-
what larger in format than the av-
erage metropolitan telephone direc-
tory, it is 640 pages long, printed in
double columns on slick paper.
The second document was en-
titled "National Resources Devel-
opment--Report for 1943" and in
some respects took on the nature
of a supplement to the first. Thus
it suggested that "equal access to
education" should be a post-war
aim, adding that on the college
level this might be attain ed by
grants to students or work oppor-
tunities.
"Security, Work and Relief Poli-
cies" reviews the general history of
relief and social security for the past
10 years and makes these specific
recommendations as to social insur-
ance:
A new insurance to provide "at
least partial compensation for loss
of income attributable to permanent
or temporary disability."
Expansion of unemployment com-
pensation to seamen, employes of
non-profit corporations and of firms
employing one worker or more. (It
was suggested that the feasibility
of a separate system for "domestic,
agricultural and other low-paid em-
ployment" should be considered.)
Uniform unemployment benefits
for a period of 26 weeks for all eligi-
ble workers. (The size and length
of.' benefits vary at present from
I state to state.)
A wholly federal administrative
organization for unemployment
insurance, instead of the present
federal-state set-up, and a single
national unemployment compen-
sation fund.
Extension of old-age and survivors
insurance to employes of non-profit
corporations, with other non-cov-
ered groups brought in "as rapidly
as it can be demonstrated that they
will receive adequate or significant
benefits."
In general, the report proposed
that the -federal secrwityaministra-

MOVE TO PEACE-TIME ECONOMY:
NRPB Proposes Monopoly
Break Up in Post-War Period

ON A BABY'S LIFE:
Cuban Girl Rests Quietly After
Successful Brain Operation

By CHARLES MOLONY
Associated Press Correspondent
WASHINGTON, March 10-(I)-.
The national resources planning
board suggested today that the gov-
ernment, in moving back toward a
peacetime economy, break up monop-
olies, assure labor a share in manage-
ment and participate in deciding
what concerns should be left operat-
ing in the aircraft, shipbuliding,
aluminum and magnesium fields.
The board, in its report transmitted
to Congress by President Roosevelt,
also urged that general tax laws pro-
vide immediately for a "post war con-
version reserve" which companies
would be required to use "within a
short period after termination of war

ance in both wartime and a
peacetime economy and in which
the government has made great in-
vestments.
"In this category are aluminum,
magnesium, shipbuilding and air-
craft. Government has a direct re-
sponsibility and should participate in
the decisions as to what areas and
what concerns should continue to op-
erate in these industries."
The board also suggested "consoli-
dation of railroads into a limited
number of regional systems."
The board warned the nation must
expect wartime restrictions and con-
trols to continue many months after
hostilities cease, but held out beyond
that hope for a life of abundance.

Three-year-old Ysabel Salvadore
Sole, daughter of a Cuban physician,
was resting quietly in University
Hospital last. night - after Dr. Max
Peet, brain specialist, had removed
a malignant brain tumor "as large
as a ripe plum" in an early morning
oneration that took two hours.

will be given every day for three
weeks to cure any "after-affects."
Asked to witness the operation,
the father of the little girl declined.
Ysabel was first troubled by tumb-
ling spells and vision trouble three
months ago. A preliminary exami-

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