TIM_________________________________ U _______________________________
To Be at League
Will Stress Importance
Of Wartime Program
And Its Possibilities
Miss Thelma I. Scratch, executive
secretary and recruiter for the Mich-
igan Nursing Council for War Serv-
ice, will be in the War Information
Center of the League from 2 p.m. to
5 p.m. tomorrow and Thursday to
give information on the student nurse
The third member of women's
brarches of war service to come to
the University, Miss Scratch has also
brought a film, "R. N.-Serving All
Mankind," with her to be presented
at 4:30 p.m. Thursday in the Rack-
ham Building auditorium. The gen-
eral public is urged to attend'
Miss Scratch, who will be a guest
at Stockwell Hall during her stay,
has spoken before the sophomore
project mass meeting already this
year. Her counsel to college women
will stress nursing as "war work with
a future" as well as a profession
"worthy' of the best ability of the
Prof. James K. Pollock of the po-
litical science department will inter-
pret student opinion on the probable
actions of Russia after the war when
the results of a poll being taken yes-
terday and today are announced in
The question being asked of stu-
dents is "On the basis of Russia's ac-
tions before and during the war, what
do you think Russia's actions will be
after the war?"
The three answers, one of which
students will be asked to check, are
(1) cooperate with other nations to
preserve the peace (2) advance the
cause of Communism in Europe or
(3) return to isolationism.
The poll is the first in a series to
be sponsored by the Post-War Coun-
cil in conjunction with The Michigan
Daily on post-war problems.
No attempt is being made to inter-
view every student on campus, but a.
cross-section of student opinion is
There will be a meeting of the
Social Committee of the League at
4:30 p.m. today at the League.
All coeds who have not signed up
for the committee but are inter-
ested are urged to attend the
Yanks BTing Back Axis Prisoners. After Tunisian Raid
Guarded by U.S. soldiers with fixed bayonets, a long line of German and Italian prisoners is marched to
the rear following an Allied raid on Axis positions in S ened, Tunisia.
Small Gain in
(Continued from Page 1).
lied headquarters announced. "both
in men and tanks."
(The Allied communique reported
that enemy attacks in the Beja sec-
tar continued all day yesterday, add-
ing: "These attacks were in every
case thrown back." It thus appeared
that Von Arnim's gains were made
In 'action subsequent to those men-
tioned in the communique.)
A French communique reported en-
emy attacks were repelled in the
Medjez-El-Bab sector and that other
fronts held by French troops gener-
ally were quiet for artillery exchanges
The support given the ground for-
ces. by the Allied air arm was. de-
scribed as nothing short of magnifi-
cent; Allied pilots reported scores of
hits on German arnired cars, tanks
and trucks' and on enemy transport
crowding the roads in the Beja, Med-
jez-El-Bab, Bou Arada and Pont Di
A freshman and. sophomore try-
out meeting for the Ensian Edi-
torial Staff will be held at .4:30
Thursday in the Student Publica-
SHenry C. Cassidy Tells Complete
Inside Story of Stalin and Russia
They toest your toes !
They save your stockings!
Double protection. Foot-warmers,
stocking savers. Wear indoors with
slippers; outdoors with street shoes.
f rom 2 5c. 5
Ankle sox from 39c.
It's that new, deceptively sheer Is
cotton mesh that's lovely enough
for afternoon, yet heavy enough
for really active service. Glam-
orous shades of Leg Look and
Brown Butter. $1.65.
They take to sports or
tailored "clothes beautifully. a
(Continued from Page 1)
It was thus that the classic plan
for encirclement and destruction of
the Germans before Stalingrad was
made and executed.
Reported At Front
Twice, in the legends that are
growing up .Around the currnt
war, it has been suggested that
Stalin himself was at the front.
My own impressions was that
these stories were more symbolic
of Stalin's being with his men in
thought, rather than representing
his physical presence among them.
in fact, no foreigner knows for a
fact that Stalin has once left the
Kremlin throughout the war.
The only time I have seen Stalin
( during the war was in the Kremlin,
during the Supreme Soviet ratifi-
cation last June of the 20-year
treaty of mutual assistance with
Great Britain. I know that, when I
wrote to him last fall about the
second front, and this winter about
the Allied landing in North Africa,
he received my letters the same
day, s9id answered them the next
day. Allied statesmen and soldiers
who have seen him were relieved
invariably in the Kremlin.
Starts Late In Day
He starts on his enormous vol-
ume of work late in the day. The
earliest hour at which he receives
visitors .s 6:00 p.m. It is morning
before he has finished.
All who have seen or talked to
Stalin during the war have been
impressed most of all by his calm-
ness. Good news and bad news
alike, he receives with the same
unruffled air, which means not
placidity, but firm control and con-
But Stalin is not worried. He is
certainly planning more offen-
sives of his own-and he is sure
his will win.
By HENRY C. CASSIDY
NEW YORK, March 1. -WI)-
Joseph Stalin's old companions in
politics, as well as his soldiers in
arms, are working by his side to
fashion the victories of the Red
The men closest to Stalin in war-
time form a cross-section of two
institutions, the Politburo, or Po-
litical Bureau of the Central Com-
mittee of the Communist Party,
which guided the Soviet Union in
peace time, and the. Stavka, or
general staff of the Red Army.
Together they make an elite
Andrei Zhdanov, chubby, cheer-
ful secretary of the Leningrad Dis-
trict Committee of the Communist
party, of whom Stalin is particular-
Approved by House
(Continued from Page 1)
ly fond. He is in Leningrad, on the
military council of the besieged
Lazarus Kaganovich, tall, dark,
solemn Commissar of Railways,
who is one of Stalin's oldest aides.
He is in the Caucasus,-on the mil-
tary council there.
Viktor Kruschev, blond, burly
secretary of the Communist Party
for the Ukraine, another veteran
of the Politburo. He has served on
the military council of the south-
western front since the start of
the war, and remains with the
armies of that region.
Two other Politburo men are
doing war work in Moscow:
Anastas Mikoyan, lean, dark
Commissar of Foreign Trade, has
taken over Kaganovich's work on
the railways, as well as the general
direction of transportation and
supplies for the Red Army.
Alexander Scherbakov, roly-poly,
bespectacled secretary of the Mos-
cow Party Committee, has become
a lieutenant-general, head of the
political department of the Red
Army and chief of the Soviet In-
formation Bureau, in charge of war
Vyacheslav Molotov, who i prob-
ably closest of them all to Stalir,
remains as foreign commissar,
while the other members of the
Politburo go on with their custom-
ary administrative duties.
Of the five original marshals of
the Soviet Union, named since the
civil war, only one, Klementy Vor-
oshilov, holds a top place in prose-
cution of the current war. He is
on both the Politburo and Stavka,
and coordinated the action this
winter which broke a path from
Leningrad's back door through the
The others have become com-
paratively obscure. Semeon Tim-
osheknd's star has been out-shone
by younger men, although he is
still in command of the north-
western front. Semeon Budenny
has been staying in Moscow. Boris
Shaposhnikov has been ill. No post
has been announced for Gregory
Zhukov Coordinates Armies
The most active member of the
Stavka is Marshal Gregory Zhukov,
who has been the chief delegate
sent to coordinate the actions of
armies. He handled the great oper-
ations at Stalingrad, involving
joint attacks on four fronts, and at
Leningrad, involving two fronts,
As first vice-commissar of De-
fense, directly under Stalin, he has
undoubtedly become the Soviet
Union's Number I soldier.
Another rising member of the
Stavka is Marshal Nikolai Voronov,
an artillery expert, who served with
Zhukov and Vasilevsky as a co-
ordinator at Stalingrad and re-
mained there to batter the en-
circled Germans to destruction
with his big guns.
Two generals of aviation, A. A.
Novikov and F. J. Falaleyev, also
serve on the Stavka.
The hierarchy still starts: Stalin,
Molotov, Voroshilov, and then runs
through the membership of the
Stalin's oldest friends, the cream
of the Communist party, are still
without doubt those closet to. him.
Tomorrow:The Secret of Russia's
Colleges St dy
Mary Borman, '44, and Dick Cole,
44, Michigan Manpower Corps head
and Manpower publicity chairman
respectively, reported yesterda that
Michigan has forged the way in a
campus work-recruitment program
Borman and Cole had just returned
from a war emergency conference
sponsored by the OPA in Chicago
Saturday. The purpose of the con-
ference was to provide a clearing
house for the exchange of ideas be-
tween schools. Here Borman and
;Cole presented in a series of panel
and informal discussions the story of
the Michigan Manpower Corps.
Borman said .it is imperative to
the war .effort that all colleges put
into effect work-recruitment pro-
Of .the 150 schools scheduled to
send delegates to the one-day affair
only 15 appeared.
Sir Bernard Pares, English diplo-
mat and writer, will speak on "Russia
Now" at 4:15 p.m. today in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre, under the aus-
pices of the history department.
Since 1917 Pares has been a pro-
fessor of .:Russian language,, litera-
ture, and history at the University of
London. He is also director of the
School of Slavonic Studies at Kings
During the,. first. World War Sir
Peres was attached to the Russian
army and later to the British embas-
sy in Petrograd.
He has been very active as a writer
on Russian history and literature and
is now touring the United States un-
der the Institute for Internal Edu-
75 Report for Army
About 75 enrollees reported for the
opening classes in Ordnance and Air-
craft Inspection yesterday in the
West Engineering Building.
Of the 46 persons reporting for the
Aircraft Inspection Course.45 of them
are women, while in the Ordnance
Inspection course 27 out of 29 enrol-
lees arriving so far are women.
Trainees expected to arrive in the
next two days will fill the. quota of
100 enrollees, of which half are sent
by the Detroit Ordnance Desk of the
Army and half are Civil Service Em-
Pin g-Pong Players
Asked To Sign Up
All "ping-pongers" are requested to
sign up today through Saturday, at
the WAB for the all-campus women's
WAA Table Tennis Tournament,
which will begin Monday.
Schedule of play-off will be posted
Monday at the WAA and four tables
are available at the Women's Ath-
letic building and Barbour gym for
.use by .members of the tournament.
For. any. further information, call
;Marcia Sharpe, '45, chairman of the
Lecturer Gets Jacket
Miss Margaret Bourke-White, re-
cent lecturer here, is the recipient of
a windbreaker made by Mrs. Mar-
garet. Milbank Pillsbury, '05, member
of. the Ann Arbor Windbreaker
When the famed photographer was
here a few weeks ago, she expressed
a desire to Mrs. Lucile Conger, head
of Alumni Association, to have a
jacket for her work with the Army
Guinde ito Beanuty
Manpower Cor ps Will S ponsor
Warfare Forums on Thursdays
A program of open public forums discussions and the first program will
designed to acquaint students with deal with the "Effects of High Ex-
the complexities of 20th century war- plosives."
fare will begin at 4 p.m. Thursday in The program now comprises three
the Lecture Hall of the Architecture sessions, but Mary Borman, '44, man-
Building. . power head, indicated that the series
'Informal Discussions on Related will be expanded to give a broad gen-
War Topics" is the title of the series eral background in civilian defense.
which is sponsored by the Manpower The discussions are open to the
Corps. . public, but it is the desire of the
Prof. G- M. McConkey of the archi- Manpower Corps that all fraterni-
tecture school will conduct all the ties, sororities. cooperatives, and dor-
mitdries send representatives to
a ne I s d Discussions will be held every
PlY Thursday and present plans call for
Post-Wair Hate such topics as Chemical Warfare and
C I tIncendiary Bombs to be discussed at
Bill Muehl To Conduct Prof. McConkey has completed a
FeFspecial course in this field and is the
' 'irstWeely mForum instructor for the Buildings and
Grounds men who are the campus
"Post-War Inheritance of Hate" air raid wardens.
will be the topic for a panel discus-
sion by Prof. Albert Hyma of the
history department, Prof. Wesley H. avreall W il
Maurer of the journalism depart-
ment, and Prof. Roy H. Holmes of Talk on Ddet
the Department of Sociology, at .8
p.m. tomorrow in the Grand Rapids Alphonse Favreau of the Depart-
Room of the League. ment of Romance Languages will
The forum is the first in a series discuss "La Jeunesse d'Alphonse
of weekly public discussions on post- Daudet," "The Youth of Alphonse
war problems sponsored by the Post- Daudet," at 4:15 tomorrow in Room
War Council. Bill Muehl, '44L, willD.a.
act as student chairman. Following D, Alumn Memoral Hall, the sixth
a presentation of views by the fac- in the series of French lectures.
ulty members, the topic will be dis- Daudet is the author of "Le Petit
cussed by the audience. Chose," a story reminiscent of the
The ."first of two panels intended author's own life, and many popular
especially for men in the armed serv- short stories- He spent his childhood
ice stationed near campus will be in Nimes, in southern France, be-
held on Monday afternoon, March came a monitor in a school in Lyon
15, followed by the serving of re- and then went to Paris. Favreau
freshments. will point out the influence on Dau-
det's writing of these three towns,
Latin America C1 b the poverty of his father and other
incidences of his youth and will tell
a number of anecdotes from the life
Elects New Offiers o adt
Eduard Franzetti,. Grad., of Chile
has been =elected president of the Haircut Prices Jump
Sociedad Latino Americano for the Ann Arbor haircut prices jumped
Other new officers are Jorge Deza, up to 75 cents yesterday, the City
Grad., of Peru, secretary; Dr. Judith Barbers Association announced.
Himenez of Ann Arbor, treasurer, and Increased living costs and shortage
Jose Pendomo of Colombia, director of help forced the 10 cent price in-
of artistic activities. crease, Association officials said.
Children under 12 years old will be
charged 65 cents.
Giraud Accepts Charter
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN TYPEWRITERS
NORTH AFRICA, March .( Bought, Rented
In a speech to the newly-formed Al- Repaired
gerian Economic Council, Gen. Henri STDENT and
Giraud today pledged adherence to OFFICE SUPPLIES
the Atlantic Charter and accepted 0. D. MORRILL
it "heartily and without reticence." 314 S. State St. Phone 6615
We'll style your hair to give
it distinction and smartness.
FEATHER CUTS a specialty
611 E. University Ph. 4300
1205 S. University
OWNIO wr "
and salaries above exemptions of
$624 like the victory tax, plus 17 per
cent on wages and salaries above reg-
ular income tax exemptions of $500
for single and $1,200 for married per-
sons plus $350 for dependents, in-
creased by 10 per cent to allow for
deductions. This would apply to
wages and salaries."
Cooper estimated this would put
approximately 70 per cent of the na-
tion's 44,000,000 federal income tax-
payers on a current collection system.
Featuring Delicious Malteds
Open Sunday 7-12 P.M.
Week Days and Satrays 9-12 P.M.
Three' Doors North of State Theater
Ensian junior editorial staff will
meet at 7:30 p.m. today. Members
must be present.
HUDENSITY LEAD /