Al Mi ii A N
If) A~ i1
gyp.. a. . .., a.. .a v i. ra a i'd
Plans for enlarging Michigan gu-
bernatorial power in relation to the
enactment of appropriations are sug-
gested by Dr. John A. Perkins of the
political science department, in a
monograph published recently by the
University Bureau of Government.
In this study Dr. Perkins traces and
analyzes growth and development of
the executive power in this field be-
tween 1920 and 1940 and declares
that, "Clear-cut responsibility is nec-
essary if the people are to control
their state government." This respon-
sibility, Dr. Perkins asserts, shotild be
vested in the state executive.
In this manner, he contends, the
elimination of the confusion over
budget responsibility would assure the
principle of popular rule as the gover-
nor's position in the public eye would
make it 'easier for the public to follow
him in the exercise of his increasingly
great powers in the field of budget
Through his study of the growth
of this problem in Michigan Dr. Per-
kins points out the division between
the executive and legislative depart-
ments which has arisen in the field
of state finances, "The traditional
function of the legislature is to check
executive extravagance, whereas, in
Michigan the legislature has often
been the initiator of appropriations
and the executive, with his incomplete
power of veto, the check," he says.
Other recommendations by Dr. Per-
kins include the following:
Enlargement of the governor's pow-
er to veto items in the budget by al-
lowing him to reduce items as well as
veto them outright, especially if the
legislature is allowed to increase his
The practice of earmarking reve-
nues for some specific purpose should
The statutory filing date of the bi-
ennial budget should be changed until
six or eight weeks after the inaugura-
tion of a newly elected governor.
A thoroughly comprehensive budget
should be prepared.
The booklet, entitled "The Role of
the Governor in Michigan in the En-
actment of Appropriations," reviews
the constitutional and statutory pow-
ers of the governor and the governor's
use of political influence in controll-
Ritians Question G i'rman Field Marshal
Red Army General Nikolai N. Voronoff (second from left) questions a man identified as Ger-
man Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus (right) at the'Red Army's Don headquarters in this radiophoto,
sent from Moscow. At left is Col.-Gen. Konstantin Rokossovsky, Commander of the Don front. An
interpreter sits between Voronpff and Paulus.
Reporter Says Pacific War Stalemate, Japan Stalled
MUSIC AND THE DANCE.
A discussion of, "the Develop-
ment of the Use of Music with
Dance from. Primitive to Modern,
Times,"-will.be given this evening
by Miss Julia Ann Wilson at the
meeting; of the Michigan: Dames
music group to be held at the home
of Mrs. H. J. Lange.
* * *
MUSIC MELODY MIXER
Melody Mixer, the first activity to
be sponsored by the newly formed
Student Council of the School of Mu-
sic, will be given for students and
faculty member of the music school
at 7:45 p.m. tomorrow in the Grand
Rapids Room of the League.
A surprise informal program has
been arranged by the council, of
which Charles D. Matheson, Grad.,
has been elected chairman, and Ruby
Joan Kuhlman,°'46SMsecretary, with
eight others appointed.
The council, the first in the history
of the music school, is intended to
organize activities in the school which
will aid students and faculty members
in becoming better acquainted.
SPANISH CLUB RESUMES
Activities of La Sociedad Hispan-
ica for -the second semester will
begin:with a meeting at 8:04 p.m.,
Thursday, in the League.
Miss Ofelia Mendoza, Grad., of
Tegueipelpa, Honduras, will speak
on her native country as the high-
light of the meeting.-As part of the
program, Jose Perdomo, Grad., of
Bogota, Colombia, will sing some
native Colombian songs, including
"Cuchipe" and "Crepusculo."
THREE SOCIETIES MEET
There will be a joint meeting of the
American Society of Civil Engineers,
American Institute of Electrical Engi-
neers and the American Institute of
Architects at 7:30 today in the Michi-
,Joseph Siddall, a representative of
the H. H. Robertson Company, Pitts-
burgh, Pa., will speak on "Modern
Twenty Michigan students, dont
with campus hi-jinks for the dura-
tion, have contributed souvenir traf-
fic signs to allay the war-time meta:
shortage, Chief of Police Sherman H
Mortenson announced yesterday.
Twelve metal traffic pointers were
turned in yesterday through the Dear
of Students' Office. the Chief said
and other students answered the
joint-invitation from the Police anc
Dean's office of two weeks ago.
Walter B. Rea, Assistant Dean o:
Students, said students may eithe]
contact his office or the police de-
partment if they want to contributt
souvenirs in the interests of war-timA
safety. He emphasized there will b
no questions asked.
Continuous from 1 P.M.
WAR BONDS ISSUED HERE
"A NIGHT TO
- Starts Thursday -
(E4itcr's Note: AP's Clark Lee has
been in China, Japan, Manchuria, Aus-
tralia, the Philippines, Hawaii, New
Caledonia, and myriads of South Sea
islands. Army men called his stories
from Bataan the best reporting phis
war has produced on any front. Escap-
ing from Corregidor just before it fell,
he wrote the battle of the Coral Sea,
got the story of Midway, was on a car-
rier when we made our first landing in
By CLARK LEE
NEW YORK, Feb. 9. - - The
military situation in the Pacific to-
day shapes up as a stalemate in its
broader aspects, with both the United
States and Japan facing powerful
obstacles to any future offensives
they. may undertake.
Japan has been stopped, but we
are not yet ready for the big advance,
although President Roosevelt has
stated that our growing power will
soon enable us to substitute offen-
sive war for our policy of attrition.
Our difficulty is getting at the
Once we get close enough to slug
$ .40 per 15-word insertion for
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$1.00 per 15-word insertion for
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Contract Rates on Request
WASHED SAND AND GRAVEI-
Driveway gravel, washed pebbles.
Killins Gravel Co., phone 7112.
TYPEWRITERS of all makes. Of-
fice and portable models. Bought,
rented, repaired. Student and Of-
fice Supplies. O. D. Morrill, 314
South State St. Phone 6615.
LAUNDRY - 2-1044. Sox darned.
Careful work at low price.
2-ROOM furnished apartment, newly
decorated, near Intramural Bldg.
Wish care of furnace as part pay-
ment of rent. Phone 8668. 921 Mary
MAKE MONEY-on your used cloth-
ing by phoning Claude H. Brown,
2-2736, 512 S. Main.
MISS ALLEN-Experienced typist.
408 S. Fifth Ave. Phone 2-2935.
WANTED: Male student to work at
University Hospital six evenings
per week. 7-11. 51 cents per hour.
WANTED-Waiters and dishwashers.
Good meals for few hours' work
daily. See Miss Steele at Health
MEN and WOMEN to assist in wait-
ing table for two meals. Small
compensation and meals. Sorority,
2-3119, 407 N. Ingalls.
HELP, WANTED: Male, or Female.
Full or part time. Knowledge of
typing desirable. State Street
Store. Answer fully Box 63, Mich-
HOUSE-6-room, brick, strictly mod-
ern, 3 years old, game room, large
cedar closet, 2-car garage, 188-ft
lot, faculty neighbors, 4 miles from
campus. Call 25-7197.
LOST and FOUND
LOST-Black Sheaffer lifetime pen
in or near Follett's Bookstore. Re-
ward. Call 2-2521, Ext. 318.
it out with them on the ground, at
sea and in the air, we have proven
Their withdrawal from Guadalcan-
al, announced today by Tokyo Radio,
is a clear cut admission of local de-
feat. But at the same time the Jap-
anese have undoubtedly taken advan-
tage of the past six months to dig
in strongly in the other islands of
the'Solomons and to establish posi-
tioins to which they will cling ten-
aciously and stubbornly.
Despite the evacuation of the de-
feated Japanese remnants from
Guadalcanal, our war in the Pacific
remains essentially one of attrition.
Subs Weaken Japs
This campaign to weaken our en-
emies is being carried on throughout
the Pacific by our submarines; and
by our airplan'es in the skies of the
Aleutians and the South Seas.
In six months of ding-dong fight-
ing in the Solomons, climaxed now
by the victory at Guadalcanal, our
planes have inflicted far heavier loss-
es on the enemy than we have suf-
Japan's southward surge was stop-
ped there and the attempts to recap-
ture the island have now probably
been turned back once and for all.
General MacArthur, after captur-
ing Papua, New Guinea, is putting
pressure on the Japanese bases at Lae
and Salamaua, further up the New
Guinea coast, using planes to ferry
troops and supplies over the rugged
mountains to our airfield at Wau,
which lies in a hilly pocket only 35
miles from the nearest Japanese posi-
Burma Drive Slow
The British drive from India into
northwestern Burma is making slow
progress. This attack is not yet a
major campaign to recapture Burma
and reopen the Burma Road. Its im-
mediate objective seems to be to
seize the Akyab airport, thus denying
the Japanese a base within bombing
distance of Calcutta and placing our
own bombers within easy range of
Japan's armies are comparatively
inactive on the fronts of China while
the Chinese, lacking artillery and
supported only by a small, though
hard-hitting American Air Force,
cannot take the initiative.
. Despite the serious local setbacks
they have suffered, the Japanese
probably find the present situation
not too unfavorable from their long
range point of view. From statements
made before the outbreak of war by
high Japanese militarists, there is
reason to believe that the Japanese
would be entirely satisfied with a
negotiated peace permitting them to
hold the areas they have taken.
Japs Have Yet To Be Hit
The Japanese may be fighting and
planning -with that end in view-to
bring about a stalemate resulting in
a negotiated peace which would give
them time to organize their next
drive toward an ultimate goal of
The current fighting in the Pacific
does not immediately threaten any of
Japan's important bases or lgey con-
quered positions. Both the Solomons
and New Guinea are many hundreds
of miles from the Dutch East Indies,
Borneo, the Philippines, Malaya and
the other thickly populated and weal-
thy areas where the Japanese are ex-
tracting raw materials and attempt-
ing to unite the native peoples under
the slogan "Asia for the Asiatics."
Repuhlicans in House
Show Strengfh in Vote
WASHINGTON, Feb. 9.(IP)-Aid-
ed by six Democrats and two minor
party members, 197 Republicans took
over voting control of the House today
on the first legislative roll-call of the
They succeeded, 205 to 200, in re-
taining in the Treasury-Post Office
appropriation bill an amendment to
stop the free mail privilege of govern-
ment agencies July 1.
With Democratic ranks depleted by
absentees, the House earlier 200 to
104 kept in the bill an amendnent
aimed at nullifying the Silver Pur-
chase Acts of 1934 and 1939..Repub-
licans voted almost solidly for the
amendment, which would forbid the
use of Treasury funds for the pur-
chase of silver under these acts.
Canadian Cost of
Living Rises Little
CHICAGO, Feb. 9.- (P)- Donald
Gordon, chairman of Canada's war-
time prices and tra4e board, stated
tonight that the cost of living rose
less than one point in Canada in a
period of a little more than a year
while it rose 9.7 points in the United
He asserted that it had been' dem-
onstrated in the Dominion that price
ceiling control could be effective and
inflation could be kept in hand "pro-
vided there is sufficient determination
on the part of the administration,
sufficient understanding on the part
of the public and a common sense, de-
sire on the part of all concerned to
find the solution of specific difficul-
...:: p uu pp yysteps # daY a
GENE KELLY . -
Roosevelt in Africa DELIVERY
Thursday -- ALAN LADD in LUCKY JORDAN
11 7 -
. " .
/'!"" /, .:
-give HER the
One of the World's Greatest Photographers DR. KENNETH N.
Just Returned from WESTERMAN
African War and News Fronts! Phonologopedist
"SHOOTING THE WAR
WITH TH E RAF" VOICE
Long Distance telephone wires
are loaded with war calls that
must go through promptly. And
we can't-add substantially to our
lines and equipment because the
necessary materials are beinw'
tance at all, unless your call is
really essential. If you must call,
you can help speed your message
by giving the operator the num-
ber of the telephone you are call-
in. Then tdp#se e hrie4