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January 10, 1943 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-01-10

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Fifty-Third Year
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session,
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights
of republication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, am
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by carrier
$4.25, by mal $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
REPRESENTED FOR NATI')N. ADVSR.I3ING Y
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
420 MAoisoN AvE. New YORK. N.Y.
CHICAGO * BOSTON * LOS ASiGELES . SAN FRANCISCO
Editorial Staff
romer Swander . . . . Managing Editor
Morton Mints . . . - Editorial Director
Will Sapp . . - . . . - City Editor
George W. Salad . . . . . Associate Editor
abarles Thatcher . . . . . Associate Editor
Bernard Hendel . Sports Editor
Barbara de~F ries Women's Editor
Myron Danad. . . Associate Sports Editor
Business Staff
Odward J. Perlberg . . . Business Manager
erred M. Ginsberg Associate Business Manager
(ary Lou Curran . Women's Business Manager
sane Lindberg . . Women's Advertising Manager
sames Daniels . . . Publications Sales Analyst
Telephone 23-24-1
NIGHT EDITOR: PAUL HARSHA

Closing in
'e .' ,,
ME;7
.

Af .
By DREW PEARSON

Editorials published in The Michgan Dail
ore written by members of The Daily staff '
and represent the views of the writers only.' I:-ChagTme.n.

7HEORISTS'?:
Oil Rationing Criticism
Not Founded On Facts
THOSE who criticize the Administration just
for the sake of criticizing the Administration,
never seem to know when to stop.
It appears a rule of the game for members of
the disloyal opposition to take pot shots at the
Administration whenever a new program is an-
uounced by a government agency.
Now they're wailing about the "complexity" of
fuel oil rationing, and, in typical fashion, blaming
it on the New Deal "theorists."
UT LET'S LISTEN to a man who ought to
know-Robert Gray,, business manager of the
trade journal "Fuel Oil and Oil Heat," who says
that the program is the simplest and fairest
possible under the circumstances.
He explains further that ". .. the plan was
not developed, as often asserted, by New Deal
theorists; it was evolved, lock, stock and barrel,
by heating engineers, ful oil and oil burner
men, called into consultation by the OPA."
It would be refreshing to see Administration
plans criticized solely on the basis of their own
flaws, and not merely because they are govern-
ment measures. -Robert Preiskel
WAR TIME-:
Proposed Change Would
Cause Inconvenience
THE MICHIGAN-OHIO CONTROVERSY over
the adoption of a return to Eastern Standard
Time in place of War Time has developed into a
veritable battle between the truculent state legis-
latures and Washington officials. At present,
the outcome is at a draw. If Michigan and Ohio
are determined to set back their clocks, WPB
authorities have hinted that they are just as de-
termined that war-munitions arsenals such as
Detroit and Pontiac shall stay with their clocks
as they are.
Such opposing actions on the parts of the
state and federal governments are entirely un-
necessary. An hour's difference of time in the
states' rural and industrial districts would cause
too much confusion to warant the change, since
expediency of the measure is definitely on the
side of the federal government. Although com-
plete reports have not been compiled on the
money-saving effects of the War Time on the
power plants, partial investigations have indi-
cated that the fiscal advantages of War Time
more than make up for the inconveniences.
If the Nation's all-out war effort is to be suc-
cessful, there must be undivided cooperation be-
tween the state governments and Washington.
If this means that Michigan and Ohio residents
must continue rising before sunrise, it is not too
much to ask. -Claire Sherman

Ionilnie Says
IT WAS DESCARTES who assumed not God as
the given consideration, but God, matter, and
mind. He assumed three basic substances, not
one. Whitehead in his masterful little volume on
"Religion in the Making" leads us to believe that
Hobbs created his non-spiritual system by drop-
ping God and mind but retaining matter. As all
are aware, Berkeley retained only God and drop-
ped both matter and mind. These ways to begin
a theory of existence are not the only ones, how-
ever. There would still remain the possible case
of retaining God as reality and assuming the
temporal world to be an appearance, forming
an attribute of God.
THE QUESTION which all religious or philo-
sophical persons must continuously ask ob-
trudes itself; namely, how does Being create the
temporal? If we think of being or God or the
sufficient substance as ground and the events of
the world as figures made against 'that ground,
we may begin to understand, or at least get a
picture of the problem. The problem, then, is
that of "the fusion of being with non-being," as
Aristotle pointed out. Granted that God exists,
we have on our hands the question of how life
begins and continues and what formulations may
result. But the chief inquiry for religion is not
about creation, much less about a picture or be-
havior which the psychologist talks about, but'
the nature of the universe. Religion arises from
the principle that "there is a wisdom in the
nature of things from which flow our direction
of practice and the possibility of an analysis of
fact." Thus commerce, art, education and even
research of the scientific type are made possible
by the basic reality. Religion experiences that
reality Rs the object of man's worship.
RELIGIOUS INSIGHT, says Whitehead, is the
grasp of this truth: "That the order of the
world, the depth of reality of the world, the na-
ture of its whole and its parts, the beauty of the
world, the zest for life, the life's peace and the
mastery of evil are all bound together-not acci-
dentally, but by reason of one truth; namely, that
th universe exhibits a creativity. The power by
which God sustains the world is the power of
Himself as the ideal." This places God, as many
students of normative psychology have learned
to view Him, not behind us and inert inthe cas-
ual past, but ahead. He is the dynamic life of
our world. He is the goal not only of your striv-
ing and mine, but the harmony out of which
spring all true understanding. "God," says
Whitehead, "is that function in the world =by
reason of which our purposes are directed to
ends." -Edward W. Blakeman
Counselor in Religious Education

I'd Rather
BeRight_
- By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK-The hardest lesson the world
has had to learn is that if you shoot a German
correctly with a gun, he falls over dead. This
phenomenal discovery was made by the Russians,
and has been the basis of all their strategy.
As the new year dawns (the year in which
a number of Americans are going to turn
from reading about Nazis to meeting them,
face to face) we ought to see whether we
cannot make more discoveries along this line.
For instance, the Nazi, or the German, some-
times steals metal from piles of scrap accumu-
lated in public collections. We know this is so,
because a recent law punishes such thefts with
death, and if it happened rarely, or seldom, so
savage a punishment would hardly have been
required.
Sometimes He Steals
O, THE GERMAN sometimes steals metal
from his country, and he also falls over dead
when he is shot. We are making some progress
in demolishing that myth of Germany as the
invincible, super-perfect "national community,"
in which nothing is ever out of' order, and to
whose citizens ordinary human frailties do not
apply.
We know, from such works as "This Is the
Enemy," by Frederick Oechsner, and others, that
there was a 'flourishing black market in Berlin,
in 1942, in which coffee, tea, poultry, and cloth-
ing could be obtained, and that it became so
extensive Mr. Goebbels had to trot his tired old
death penalty out once more.
Where is our invincible superman, and
his trouble-free super-state, now? The Ger-
man dies if he is shot, he steals metal from
public collection heaps, and he withholds
commodties from the national war economy.
(I will not go into a mysterious crime, un-
known to America, called "highway robbery by
means of automobile traps," which has popped
up in Germany, and is punishable, you guessed
it, by death. Mr. William Ebenstein cites this in
a forthcoming book, "The Nazi State.")
What about the manpower situation? Oechs-
ner, et al., cite for our attention the fact that
German papers, in 1942, still ran hundreds of
"Help Wanted" ads, asking for tool-and-die
makers, engineers, etc., etc. Can it be possible
that in the super-state there are still skilled
workers floating around, shopping for jobs, and
that they haven't got things organized better
than that?
That's Berlin for You
E LEARN from the same book that Hitler
made a huge mistake before the war in al-
lowing his railroads to run down, and betting
on new automobile roads to handle his war
transport. That was all right for short cam-
paigns, but the Russian war has exhausted motor
fuel supplies, and the staggering, worn-out Ger-
man railroads are now in such shape that the
Swiss have had to refuse transit to German box
cars with empty grease boxes, because they
break down in the tunnels, with hell to pay.
What kind of a silly administration is
that, one asks to know, which spends the
public's money building a lot of no-good
bare because isolationist Congressmen want their
field day? The Republican Party will gain little
by such an attack, but the life-or-death battle

WASHINGTON-It looks as if
the job of aiding small business,
facing a serious crisis as a result
of the war, again were going up the
flue. After the WPB had spent
months of talking about aiding
small business, but doing little,
Congress established the Small
War Plants Corporation and gave
it $150,000,000 solely to assist little
business in getting war contracts.
But today a turbulent battle
royal is raging behind-the-scenes
in the Small War Plants Cor-
poration.
There has been no official an-
nouncement, but William S. Ship-
ley, Small War Plants vice-chair-
man, has resigned effective Jan. 10,
in protest against the agency's do-
nothing policies. In a letter to
Chairman- Lou Holland, Shipley
stated .that his company, a York,
Pa., ice machinery firm, wanted
him back. However, this was only
the official reason for his resig-
nation.
Meanwhile, Holland and WPB
czar Donald Nelson have been
moving heaven and earth to get
rid of two other dissatisfied
SWPC members, James T. How-
ington, Louisville, Ky., manufac-
turer, and Albert M. Carter, Mur-
physboro, Ill., banker, who have
been threatening to take their
case to' Capitol Hill unless Hol-
land quits stalling and begins to
show results.
So far the results have been
virtually nil. Under the law passed
by Congress, the SWPC is sup-
posed to parcel out prime war con-
tracts in the form of subcontracts
to little business. However, not a
single prime contract has been
handled by the agency since or-
ganized in July.
About $37,000,000-a mere drib-
ble of the billions being spent for
war production-have been award-
ed in sub-contracts to smaller
firms, but a good part, if not most,
of this was obtained by the firms
on their own initiative and with no
help from Holland.
Nelson's Stooge
Lou Holland had done a fine job
in private business before he took
this job. But his inactivity and
stooging for Nelson have touched
off some furious fireworks at board
meetings. At one there was a hot
blowup when the SWPC chairman
admittedtodHowington and Carter
that he had an "agreement" with
Nelson to let the WPB'sSmaller
War Plants Division-an entirely
separate organization-handle all
sub-contract negotiations with the
War and Navy Departments.
"I'd like to know what we're
here for," Carter shot back an-
grily. "Unless we begin to func-
tion on the basis Congress in-
tended, and get some help for
little business, we might as well
all pack up and leave."
That, apparently, is what Nelson
wants Carter and Howington to do.
They have become such a nuisance
because of their interest in little
business, that the WPB boss has
been secretly planning with Hol-
land to get rid of them. In fact Nel-
son already has selected two suc-
cessors, George Troendle, a Cleve-
land efficiency expert, and John A.
Moseley, Dallas hotel operator.
However, Howington and Carter
have no intentions of stepping
aside. Unlike Shipley, who had
enough, the two SWPC members
are preparing for a fight to the
roads, and forgets to arrange to
fill the grease-boxes on the freight
cars?
I understand, also, that the Ger-
man business man has to fill out so
many questionnaires to get supplies
it drives him crazy, with the added
refinement that he has to pay a tax

each step of the way, so that the
taxes sometimes total 90 per cent of
the value of the goods.
And I hear that Germans are so
fearful of inflation that they will buy
anything, to get rid of money, and
you can sell an old bathtub in Berlin,
or an ancient pair of drawers, or any-;
thing else, in seven seconds flat.
The Man Who Wasn't There
] don't claim that I have brought
the Nazi-German accurately into
focus when I picture him as a
specimen who can't survive a bul-
let, who sometimes steals from
collections of scrap metal, who
hoards commodities and deals in
them on the black market, who is
often shrouded in red tape, and who
did not have sense enough to build
himself some freight cars when he
had the time. He holds up auto-
mobiles, too.
But the picture is at least as ac-
curate as the myth Goebbels has
so successfully sold us, of the Ger-
man as an uncomplicated, law-
abiding, perfectly efficient, indom-
itable, above-comforts, Viking type

finish. If Congress backs them up,
as some insiders think, it may be
Mr. Holland who will get out.
Note: The New Deal, which
started as the great friend of the!
underdog, has now concentrated
more lush orders in the handsj
of about ten percent of industry
than ever has been received by
big business in the history of the
nation. The war orders were
largely placed by non-New Deal-
ers in the Army and Navy,
among them Republican Under-
secretary of War Patterson and
former Wall Street banker Un-
dersecretary of the Navy, Forres-
tal. But the New Deal gets the
blame.
Goering's Nude Ladies
The death of Sir Neville Hender-
son revives memories in the mind
of British Ambassador Lord Hali-
fax. Halifax, then British Foreign
Minister, used to both frown and
smile at Henderson's reports from
Berlin.
Unforgettable was his descrip-
tion of an interview with Goering
at the time of tension over Dan-
zig. After Goering had stormed
about in protest, the conversa-
tion turned to more personal
matters. Here is the actual lan-
guage of Henderson's cable:
"Though I was in a hurry, he
insisted on showing me, with much
pride, the great structural altera-
tions which he ws making in his
house at Karinhall and which in-
clude a new dining room to hold an
incredible number of guests and to
be all marble and hung with tapes-
tries.
"He also produced with pride
some drawings of tapestries, mostly
representing naked ladies and la-
beled with the names of the vari-
ous virtues, such as Goodness,
Mercy, and Purity.
"I told him that they looked at
least pacific, but that I failed to
see Patience among them."
The General's Two Wives
There was much more than
meets the eye behind the departure
of Gen. Hsiung Shih-fei, head of
the Chinese Military Mission to
Washington. It had its intriguing
personal side, but also it went deep
into the vitals of our most diffi-
cult war problem.
On the personal side, it hap-
pened that General Hsiung had
two wives, which in China is a
criterion of power and prestige.
But it also happened that Mad-
ame Chiang Kai-shek, educated
in the United States, does not
approve of two wives.
When in China, Madame Chiang
does not interfere with the military
appointments of her husband. But
in the United States, General Hsi-
ung is reported to believe that the
situation might have been other-
wise, and that the USA, big as it
is, might have been too small for
both of them.
Madame Chiang's approaching
convalescence at the hospital,
therefore, was reported to have
been one reason for the General's
departure.
Hitler or Japan?
Another factor, however, goes
much deeper and is one reason be-
hind reports that Gen. Joseph Stil-
well may return as head of the U.S.
military mission to China.
This factor is the Chinese ar-
gument that Japan is a greater
enemy than Hitler, coupled with
the fear that after we have de-
feated Hitler, we will make peace
with Japan at the expense of
China.
This fear is one which cannot be
laughed off easily. In fact, it will
take a lot of persuading to dispel
Chinese worries. They know that
a lot of the career gentlemen, pow-
erful in the State Department, have

contended that Japan should have
her place in the sun. They know
that some of the State Depart-
ment clique tacitly favored Japa-
nese occupation of Manchuria,
while the British almost openly
supported it.
The realistic Chinese, there-
fore, argue that after Hitler is
defeated Japan is more than
likely to propose a compromise
(as she got Teddy Roosevelt to
do to end the Russo-Japanese
war) whereby Japan gets a slice
of China and the world gets a
rest from war.
The realistic Chinese also know
that they could make peace with
Japan tomorrow by giving her sev-
eral treaty ports and a slice of the
North. In fact, the Japs probably
would like nothing better than a
peace which would permit them to
withdraw half a million men from
China and use them against us in
the Pacific.
Finally Chiang Kai-shek has his
own troubles with his generals,
many of them pliable to Jap wiles,

DAILY OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 2)
The Sociedad Mispanica will have
its picture taken for the Michigan-
ensian at Rentschler's Studio, 319 E.
Huron Street, today at 12:00. All
members should be present.
The Hellenic Youth Organization,
Delta Epsilon Pi, will hold a meeting
in the small ballroom of the Michigan
Union today at 3:15 p.m. Colored
slides taken in Greece in 1940 will be
shown. All members and their friends
are invited and urged to attend.
Avukah, the Student Zionist Fed-
eration, will hold a closed member-
ship meeting this evening at 7:45
at the Hillel Foundation. Election of
new officers to replace those leaving
for the Army will take place. Also
complete reports of the conventions
in New York and Chicago will be
heard. All members are urged to at-
tend.
Coming Events
Botanical Journay Club will meet
on Tuesday, January 12, at 7:30 p.m.
in Room 1139, N.S. Reports by: Jean
Campbell, "Phylogeny in Taxonomy";
Irma Schooberger, "Gametophytes of
Marattia sambucina", and "Indian
silicified plants"; Francesca Thivy,
"On some phases in the life history of
terrestrial alga, Fritschiella tuber-
osa Iyengar, and its autecology," and
"Studies in comparative morphology
of the algae. I. Heterotrichy and ju-
venile stages, II. The algal life-cycle."
Mathematics Club will meet Tues-
day evening, January 12, at 8 o'clock,
in the West Conference Room, Rack-
ham Bldg. Professor Dwyer will speak
on "Recent Developments in Corre-
lation Technique."
Attention, Marine Reservists:
There will be an important meeting
of all Marine Corps Reservists on
Tuesday, January 12, at 8:30 p.m. in
Room 304 Michigan Union.
May Graduates of the School of
Education: Seniors of the School of
Education who will be graduated in
May will meet in the auditorium of
the University High School on Tues-
day, Jan. 12, at 4:15 p.m. for the
purpose of organizing the class and
nominating officers.
The I.Ae.S. will meet at the Union
Monday, Jan. 11, at 7:30 p.m. to hear
Prof. E. T. Vincent discuss "The Cool-
ing of Aircraft Engines." All engi-
neers are invited. The Institute's En-
sian photograph will be taken at
Spedding's Studio, 619 E. Liberty, at
5:00 p.m., Tuesday, Jan. 12. All mem-
bers are requested to be present.
A.IE.E. will hold a banquet and
election of officers on Tuesday, Jan-
uary 12, at 6:00 p.m. in the Michigan
League. Professor L. A. Baier of the
Marine Department will be the speak-
er.
The Ann Arbor Library Club will
meet in the Amphitheatre of the
Rackham Building at 7:45 p.m. on
Monday, January 11.
Professor Rudolph H. Gjelsness,
Chairman of the Department of Li-
brary Science, will speak on "Colom-
bian-U.S. Cooperation in Library In-
struction at Bogota, Summer 1942."
Members of the Club and their
guests are cordially invited. Refresh-
ments.
The Cercle Francais will have its
last meeting of the semester on Tues-
day, January 12, at 8:00 p.m. in the
Michigan League. "Haiti" will be the
topic of an informal talk given by
Adrien Roy. A small play, sin g,

and discussion will conclude the pro-
gram.
Faculty Women's Club: The Play
reading section will meet on Tuesday,
January 12, at 2:15 p.m. in the Mary
B. Henderson Room of the Michigan
League.
All girls interested in joining Mich-
igan's First All-Girl Band are in-
vited to attend the first meeting
(without instruments) at Morris Hall,
Tuesday, January 12, at 5:00 p.m.
The Music Section of the Faculty
Women's Club will meet Tuesday,
Jan. 12, at 8:00 p.m. at the home of
Mrs. John Kollen, 411 Lenawee Drive.
'Stage Door,' comedy by George
j S. Kaufman and Edna Ferber, will be.
presented Wednesday through Satur-
day evenings at the Mendelssohn
Theatre by Play Production of the
Department of Speech. Tickets are
on sale Monday and daily thereafter
at the theatre box office, phone 6300.
Box office hours are from 10 a.m.-
5 p.m. Monday and Tuesday and
from 10 a.m.-8:30 p.m. Wednesday
through Saturday.
Ushers: All girls who wish to usher
for the Play Production feature,
"Stage Door," or for the Art Cinema
League Sunday series please sign up
at once in the Undergraduate Office
of the League.
All girls who wish to usher for

HITLER LIKES IT:
Republican Smear-Ho pk ins Campaign Can End
Only In Damage To United Nations' Cause

OUR CONGRESS has long been famous-or
notorious-for its mens' room politics, the
kind of "opposition" that smears a man's name
and character instead of legitimately criticizing
his political or administrative merit. Since Dec.
7 we have been blessed by a moratorium on this
sort of thing, with the exception of outbursts
from frenetic minority members.

tration official who was ever responsible for a
progressive-and Q.E.D. anti-Old Guard Repub-
lican-piece of legislation. No schoolboy name-
calling could be any worse or more malicious.
It is doubtful whether Mrs. Hopkins received
any gift from Lord Beaverbrook. After all, we
only have her word and that of Lord Beaverbrook
to deny it against the word of such accomplished

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