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November 26, 1942 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-11-26

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Weather
Rain and Colder

VOL. LII No 46' ANN A1OR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, NOV. 2, 1942

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Two

Jap Destroyers Sunk In Landings Off Buna:

I

Red Army

Drive

Threatens 300,000 Germans

n . .

AON

Soviets Seize
Don Junction
in Offensive
German Toll in Dead,
Captured at 9,000
with Another 140,000
Presumably Wounded
By EDDY GILMORE
Associated Press Correspondent
MOSCOW, Nov. 26. (Thursday)-
The Red Army striking across the
snow-covered Don Steppes west of
Stalingrad has seized the Don-Chir
River junction in a move threatening
rapidly to complete the envelopment
of the 300-000-man German assault
army at Stalingrad.
A special Soviet communique, the
fourth in four days, announced also
that the Nazi toll in dead and cap-
tured now stood at 98,000, and pre-
sumably another 140,000 Germans
have been wounded in the bloody
battle of the Don iver bend.
65 Miles Southwest
The Russian armies occupied Novo-
maximovsky and Staromaximovsky at
the junction of the Don and Chir riv-
ers, 66 miles southwest of Stalingrad,
the comunique said, without detailing
the significance of this advance.
This indicated one of two develop-
ments. Either the Russian Army
which struck acrss the Don River at
$erafimovch on the nrth side of the
bend had penetrated clear across that
strategic elbow to the southern side,
or that the Red Army column driving
down the Stalingrad-Novorossisk rail-
road had turned northward to link up
with the upper Soviet army.
Six Villages Taken
Field dispatches had reported only
a 30-mille gap remaind to be closed
in the Don elbow to encircle the Nazi
Stalingrad armies. These reports pre-
ceded the issuance of the latest special
communique, which did not give the
new mileage rolled up by the Soviet
offensive begun Nov. 19.
Besides occupying the new and old
cities of Maximovsky on the Chir-Don
Rivers, the communique said, six more
villages had been taken, the 22nd
Nazi tank division had been routed,
15,000 prisoners taken, and 6,000 Nazis
killed during yesterday's operations.
This made a total of 47,000 German
Turn to Page 2, Col. 3
Free French
Quit Airwaves
Protest American Deal
with Admiral Darlan
LONDON, Nov. 25.-(P)-The voice
of Fighting France which has broad-
cast hope and encouragement to
France daily since June, 1940, quit
the air tonight in protest against the
American deal with Admiral Darlan
in North Africa, a measure of expedi-
ency with which the British govern-
ment indicated it was content until
the, campaign there is finished.
Foreign Secretary Eden earlier in
the day told the House of Commons
that this ;is not the time to "discuss
arrangements made in North Africa
between General Eisenhower (the
American Lieutenant-General com-
manding the entire North African
operation) and local French authori-
ties."
Of the British cancellation of the
speech planned for last Saturday by
Gen. Charles De Gaulle, Eden said
that "the Prime Minister (Churchill)
and I did not think its delivery at this
particular time would be helpful to

the extremely tense and serious op-
erations now proceeding in Tunisia.
Italian Press Calls for
Evacuation of Rome
BERLIN (From German Broad-
casts), Nov. 25.- ()- Evacuation of
children, women, and aged persons
from Rome because of "the possibility
of aerial attacks on the most densely
populated Italian city" was recom-
mended today by the newspaper Mes-

Ann Arbor to Have Third
Blackout Sunday at 9:30
Police Chief Mortenson Reveals Test Will Cover
15 Minute Period; University Staff to Assist

Where Soviet Jaws Close in on Nazi Army

RUSSIA ERAFIMOV C

K

/

Several hundred University stu-
dents will undergo their first black-
out Sunday night when Ann Arbor
has its first test since August.
Police Chief Sherman H. Morten-
son, commander of the Citizen's De-'
fense Corps, last night disclosed that
the blackout will begin at 9:30 p.m.
and the all clear will be sounded at
9:45. Forces of 650 air raid wardens
and 100 auxiliary policemen will pa-
trol the streets in the blackout which
will cover the whole of Ann Arbor
township, Chief Mortenson said. ,
More than 100 University employes
under the direction of Walter Roth,
of the buildings and grounds depart-
Willkie Urges
War Purposes
Be Defined
Declares War Must
Be Grand Coalition
for Liberation of All
TORONTO, Nov. 25.- (JP)- Wen-
dell L. Wilkie was cheered vocifer-
ously tonight as he told 17,500 persons
at a Canadian-aid-to-Russia-fund
meeting in Maple Leaf gardens that
he lives in "constant dread" the war
may end before the peoples of the
world "have come to a common un-
derstanding of what they fight for
and what they hope for after the
war is over."
Wilkie declared that "the people
must define their purposes during the
war" and added that "I am quite de-
liberately trying to provoke discus-
sion of those purposes between the
peoples of the various countries of the
world."
"Grand Coalition"
This war, Willkie declared, "is
either a 'grand coalition' of peoples,
fighting a common war for liberation,
or it is nothing .. .
"It must be either a great pooling
of all our energies, inspired by a
united strategy, planned and fought
on a global scale, or it will be lost ...
Willkie said that he found every-
where on his flight around the world,
from which he returned five weeks
ago, encouragement on the fighting
fronts and a resolution to win in the
peoples behind the fronts.
"But I also found-and this trou-
bled me greatly-I also found worry
and doubt in the hearts and minds of
the people . . . they were searching
for a common cause .. . the whole
world seemed to me in an eager, de-
manding, hungry, ambitious mood,
ready for incredible sacrifice if only
to justify the sacrifices already
made," he added.
Not a Real Peace
World War I ended "with an armis-
tice, not a real peace," he went on,
because Lenin gave the world one set
of answers, Wilson gave it another
and "neither set of answers ever be-
came blood-and-bone part of the
war . neither set ofanswers re-
deemed the war or made it anything
more than a costly fight for power."
"I do not believe this war need be
the same," he said. "There are now,
during the war, common purposes in
the minds of men living as far apart
as the citizens of Great Britain and
the Free Commonwealth of Nations,
the Americans, the Russians and the
Chinese.
"But we shall have to make articu-
late and real our common purposes."

ment will patrol the campus to see
that all lights are extinguished.
When students and townspeople
hear the University siren which is
heard every Saturday noon, Chief
Mortenson explained, they should
turn out all their lights and remain
in complete darkness until the all
clear is sounded. Every individual
will be responsible for the lights in
his room no matter if he is living in
a dormitory or a private rooming
house.
Last One Good
"As far as the University was con-
cerned," Chief Mortenson added, "the
last blackout on Aug. 12 was very
good. The students showed fine co-
operation."
The last blackout which was or-
dered by the Army and extended
through Michigan, Ohio, fllinois, In-
diana and' Wisconsih, lasted a half
hour: More than '- vilations Weare
reported in Ann Arbor. None of these
individuals were connected with the
University. "'--
Hospitals Prepared'
Both of Ann Arbor's hospitals are
prepared for the test,C hief M4e -
son said, and it will not distrbthi
general procedure. Defense factories
will also continue their wrk,-he siod,
All traffic will be, stopped .ex et
truckscarrying vital war suppie
buses and trains.
tis is the first tst bla'cout Ann
A or. will have had since the Iall
semester tai d ai4cos ehety is
the first in.w chany studnthave
ever participated.
Dr. IPeters on,
Retired Medwical
Pro f ssor, Lhes
Dr. Reuben Peterson, professor'
emeritus of the University department
of obstetrics and gynecology since his
retirement in 1931, died yesterday at
his home in Duxbury, Mass. He was
80 years old.
Dr. Peterson was born m Boston,
Mass. on June 29, 1862. He was grad-
uated from the Harvard University
medical school in 1889. Alter several
years of practice in Grand Rapids he
came to the University as head of the
medical school's departlent of, ob-
stetrics and gynecology..
Plans for the funeral which will be
held in Duxbury have not been com-
pleted yet.
He was a fellow of the American
Gynecological Society of which he
was president in 1911 and was also
president of the Chicago Gynecologi-
cal Society in 1910. He was a member
and one of the founders of the Ameri-
can College of Surgeons and an hon-
orary fellow of the Edinburgh Ob-
stetrical Society.
Survivors include his wife, Jose-
phine, two sons, Reuben Peterson Jr.,
Providence, R.I. arid Ward Peterson,
Ann Arbor; two daughters, Miss Mar-
ian Peterson, Cincinnati, 0., and Miss
Julia Peterson, Washington, b.C.; a
sister, Mrs. John 8. Phillips, Goshen,
N.Y., and six grandchildren, two of
which are students at the University.
FOUR NAZIS RECAPTUREI)
OAKLAND, Calif., Nov. 25.- (W).{'--
Four German soldiers, captured by
Australian forces in Africa, escaped
near here early today from a prison
train carrying them to an internment
camp in the United States, but all
were recaptured within seven hours.

KLETSKAYA
KACHALI NO
CHERNYSHEVSKAYA
K A LACH
et, R.MOROZOVSK AYA
ABGAN EROVA
.TSIMLYANSK AKSAI
Do' n iKOTELN IKOVSKI
IROSTOV o so
. o aucasus STATUTE MILES

_ _

_' i

Arrows indicate where Red Army offensives have pushed into the cold Don Steppes west of Stalin-
grad to threaten the entire Nazi salient in that area. The Russians have seized the Don-Chir River June-.
tion and are rapidly completing the envelopment of the 300,004-man German assault army at Stalingrad.

Prepare Tunis,
Bizerte Assah
American, British
Planes Pound Axis
Hotbeds in Tunisia
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Nov. 25.- The grand
Allied assault on Tunis and Bizerte is
about to be launched by the force of
British Lieut.-Gen. K. A. N. Anderson,
the Morocco radio announced to-
night, while American and British
planes in relays pounded Axis hotbeds
over the whole Tunisian battleground.
The Morocco radio declared that
Anderson, leader of the British First
Army and a supporting force of Amer-
leans, is on the verge of beginning a
large-scale offensive. It said further
that his forces had once more thrown
back a German column in an engage-
ment 28 miles south of Tunis.
The regular communique of the
Allied Force Headquarters in North
Africa said that two successful raids1
were carried out on Bizerte Monday
and Tuesday nights and that US.
Army P-38 Fighters of the 14th air
force destroyed 14 enemy planes in
Tunisia yesterday.
The fighter bag included, the war
report said, seven Italian troop trans-
port planes shot down at Gabes and
Turn to Page 6, Col. 1
Ex-French Leader
in German Hands
AT THE FRENCH FRONTIER,
Nov. 25.-- (RP)- Former Premier Paul
Reynaud, former Home Minister
Georges Mandel, and probably five
other former French leaders including
Den. Maurice Gamelin, have been, or
Ore about to be, given into German
hands, reliable sources said today.
According to the most authentic
information, Reynaud and Mandel,
captives since the fall of France, have
been transferred from their prison
fortress in the Pyrenees to Bordeaux,
ostensibly for safe-keeping but ac-
tually as a step to being handed over
to the Nazis.

Churnches Will
Hold Inter-Faith
Service T0d
A community - wide Inter - Faith
Thanksgiving Service, sponsored by
the Ann Arbor Churches and the
Counselor in Religious Education, Dr.!
Edward W. Blakeman, will be held at
10:30 a.m. today in Hill Auditorium.
Rev. Oswald W. McCall, noted
preacher on religious and interna-
tional subjects, will deliver the main
address, "Blessed Are the Debonair."
Dr. McCall, formerly minister for 20
years in Berkeley, California, is the
preacher at the New First Church of
Chicago. He has also spoken at City
Temple, London.
Representatives of the Jewish,
Catholic, and Protestant faiths will
participate in the service. Edwin F.
Conlin will read the President's Proc-
lamation. Rabbi Jehudah M. Cohen
will read a psalm of Thanksgiving,
and Rev. William P. Lemon of the
First Presbyterian Church will give a
prayer.
A choir of 100 voices from the
Choral Union and various church
groups under the direction of Prof.
Hardin A. Van Deursen, will sing two
anthems, "Onward, Ye Peoples!" and
"A Prayer of Thanksgiving." Prof.
Palmer Christian will be at the organ.
The presentation of the colors and
the ushering will be carried out by
the ROTC under Capt. Roland L.
Kolb.
The chairman of the committee on
arrangements is Rev. Leonard A. Parr
of the First Congregational Church.
* * *
Prof. Percival Price, University car-
illonneur, will play a special medley
of Thanksgiving hymns from 10:10 to
10:30 a.m. today, preceding the
Thanksgiving service. Among his se-
lections are "God of Our Fathers,"
"Onward Then Ye People," "We Ga-
ther Together," "We Plow the Fields,"
and "Now Thanks We All Our God."
Fraternities Out
for Duration?
Leaders Defend Role
of Societies in War
NEW YORK, Nov. 25.-(A)-Ene-
mies of the American college frater-
nity system are attempting to elimi-
nate it from colleges and universities
throughout the country as a wartime
measure, G. Herbert Smith, president
of Willamette College, Salem, Ore.,
asserted today.
Addressing the College Fraternity

Delay in Gas
Rationing Is
Recommended
Jeffers Opposes
Further Stay Asked
by Oil-States Bloc<
WASHINGTON, Nov. 25.- (P)- A
sixth-month postponement of nation-;
wide gasoline rationing was strongly
recommended today by a committee
representing a bi-partisan group of
House members, largely from oil-pro-
ducing states.
Meanwhile, William M. Jeffers, the
rubber administrator, stood firmly by
his frequently reiterated intention to
make rationing effective on Dec. 1 for
the purpose of conserving the rubber
in the tires of the nation's privately-
owned automobiles.
The day also brought an anti-ra-
tioning protest from Rep. Sumners
(Dem.-Tex.), who said that "this idea
of having somebody from Washington
telling an individual how to go about
his own business looks too much like
the bug that bit Hitler."
Six western senators, meanwhile,
called for an investigation of what
they considered a threatened fuel
shortage in the area between the Mis-
sissippi River and the Rocky Moun-
tains. They charged that "confusion
of authority" was to blame.
New England legislators continued
to express apprehension over the
heating oil situation.
The recommendations of the House
group favoring postponement of na-
tion-wide gas rationing were present-
ed to the House interstate commerce
committee by Rep. Anderson (Dem.-
N.M.).
Gen. Duncan Is
Missing after
Plane Crash
WASHINGTON, Nov. 25.- ()P)-
Brigadier General Asa N. Duncan, 50,
Chief of Air Staff in the European
theatre, has been forced down at sea
and is missing in action, the War De-
partment reported today.
Gen. Duncan was forced down while
flying from England to North Africa
on November 17. His plane Went into
the sea off the northern coast of
France. No information, the depart-
ment said, has been received as to
whether any of the personnel' in the
plane survived.
Duncan, a command pilot and com-
bat observer, was made Chief of Air
Staff in the European theatre last

Allied Planes
Hit Warships
in Darkness
Jungle Makes Land
Fighting Difficult
as Our Forces Near
Strong Enemy Posts
ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN
AUSTRALIA, Nov. 26. (Thursday)-
Heavy and medium bombers operat-
ing under General MacArthur's com-
mand smashed a Japanese attempt t
land reinforcements at Buna yester-
day, sinking two enemy destroyers
and damaging a third, apparently all
heavily loaded with troops, Allied
headquarters announced today.
A Japanese light cruiser and a
fourth destroyer also in the action
beat a hasty retreat from the northern
New Guinea shore under the heavy
Allied pounding, carried out in dark-
ness by planes which first dropped
flares and then blasted their lighted
targets with 500-pound bombs.
Fighting Slow, Difficult
This latest success was announced
in a noon communique which dis-
closed that the fighting on land, con-
tinuing heavy, is slow and difficult in
"low, tropical jungle, interspersed
with swamp and tidal creek," and that
the Allied troops "are now encounter-
Xg carefully prepared positions
strongly fortified with barbed wire,
dugouts and all the defensive attri-
butes of a fortress."
The destroyer damaged off Buna
probably also was sunk, headquarters
said.
The communique told this story of
the air battle against the enemy
ships:
"Enemy naval forces under cover of
darkness again attempted to land re-
inforcements to the beleaguered gar-
rison but were shattered and repulsed,
and the attempt was unsuccessful.
Warships Made Sortie
"A light cruiser and four destroyers
made the sortie. Our heavy and me-
dium bombers intercepted with flares
and 500-pound bombs in Huon Gulf
and sank two destroyers with direct
hits and severely damaged a third.
"This latter was dead in the water
for 25 minutes and then was seen
heading for land at a speed of six
knots. It is probable she also sank, as
our rear air echelons searched her
possible area of position without see-
ing her.
"The ships were apparently heavily
loaded with troops and those on the
destroyed units undoubtedly were
lost.
The light cruiser and the fourth
destroyer fled to the north.
Yanks Kill 70
on Guadalcanal
Knife Deep in Jungle
after Enemy Artillery
WASHINGTON, Nov. 25.--(P)-A
Marine patrol knifing deep into the
mountainous jungles on Guadalcanal
Island has killed 70 Japanese and
captured five machine guns at a
loss of only two men wounded, the
Navy announced today.
The enemy troops were caught in
an encampment at the village of
Mambulo on the upper Matankau
River, beyond the southwestern flank
of the American position on the Solo-
mon island.
From somewhere on these jungle-
covered heights the Japanese have
had artillery firing down upon the
Guadalcanal airfield, and it was pos-
sible the patrol was out hunting for

the enemy field pieces when it came
upon the Japanese camp.

MINORS TO GO ON THE WAGON:
Beer Banned at P-Bell, Starbucks

t.1

By AL WEEKS
Student hang-outs - the Pretzel
Bell and Starbuck's College Inn-have
been forbidden to sell beer for an
indefinite period beginning midnight
Sunday after a disclosure by the State

Main St. has been on probation since
Oct. 5, said to The Daily of the sus-
pension: "If eighteen-year-olds 'nC
fight, why can't they'drink? None of
us knew that the 1942 and 143 stadent

night so that they may dispose of
their present stock.
Dotsch informed the operators that
as soon as a system can be worked out
proving customers are of age, licenses
will be restored. Driving and hunting

4
F
x

SHOP EARLY
'..Help Speed
:>the War Effc
--. -- --
Y)KNLY

ort

1

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