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May 06, 1942 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1942-05-06

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Weather

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Warmer.

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Editorial
People Should Prohibit
Lindbergh From Defense ...

1

VOL. LI. No. 163

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MAY 6, 1942

Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS.

Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

" N,

Japanese Storm

Onto Defiant Corregidor

British Hit Madagascar Naval Base

Landing Assault.

CV-

Jap Vanguard
May Capture
Part Of Allied
Burma Army
British, Chinese Savagely
Fighting To Halt Twin
Invasions By Enemy;
AVG Still In Struggle
Tired Defenders
RetreatRapidly
NEW DELHI, India. May 5.--IP)_
Officers returning from the frontier
between India and Burma said to-
night that a rapid Allied withdrawal
was in progress in Burma and a
spokesman here said it appeared like-
ly a considerable number of both
British and Chinese troops would be
captured by the Japanese.
The Chinese 6th Army on the east-
ern side of the Irrawaddy was scat-
tered in small pockets for a hundred
miles south of Lashio as well as to
the north and east of this junction
of the railroad connecting with the
now severed Burma Road.
Backed By Jungles
British forces on the west side of
the Irrawaddy were backed up
against trackless, jungle - covered
mountains standing between them
and the Indian frontier.
They were fighting desperately in
spots but were outnumbered and un-
der terrific punishment from Japa-
nese planes. -;
British soldiers flown out had been
fighting four months without relief.
constantly faced with fresh Japanese
divisions and hammered unceasingly
from the air.
The final disposition of the Ameri-
can Volunteer Group of pilots fight-
ing with the Chinese and British
forces could not be learned, but they
are reported in the thick of the
battle.
13 Japs Shot Down
Four days ago, three of this "Tiger
Squadron" tangled with a group of
30 Japanese fighters, shot down 13
and escaped without loss. However,
on their return to their base they
found the Japanese had bombed the
runways. They landed on small un-
damaged stretches, however, refueled
and took off for more fighting.
Meanwhile, the Japanese armies
stormed onto Chinese soil through
the Burma back door today, and,
while thus menacing the cause of
Free China on yet another front, be-1
gan a movement of envelopment de-
signed to entrap and destroy the thin,
tired line of British who stand be-
tween the invader and India.
The vanguard of the Japanese col-
umns crossed the shallow Wanting<
River into China's Yunnan Province
at the end of a 500-mile advance up
Burma.c

Diego SuarezIsA ttacked
By CommandosMarines
Vichy Advices Put English At Andrakaka
As Island Governor Musters Resistance
LONDON, May 5.-(P)-British commandos, regular infantrymen and
Royal Marines moved upon Madagascar's Diego Suarez naval base tonight
in a swift incursion which struck from the reaching hand of the Axis a
vital Indian Ocean position and effected a major Allied coup in the world-
wide struggle for mastery of the seas.
"Operations are proceeding and our casualties have so far been light,"
the Admiralty and War Office said in a brief joint communique at 10
o'clock tonight. "It is understood that the Governor-General of Madagascar
has declared his intention to resist."
Landing Force Protected By Warships
The landing forces, protected by warships and warplanes, dashed
ashore at Courrier Bay, ten miles across the Isthmus from Diego Suarez
itself, at dawn this morning and by nightfall had broken the Vichy French
coastal defenses, captured a battery which had shelled the landings and
were smashing at the back door of the base through the hot tropical jungle.
Reacting fiercely to the British attack on Madagascar, the Vichy govern-
ment violently rejected today a United States warning against putting up a
fight and ordered the island's garrison in the far-away Indian Ocean to
resist to the death for the "honor of France."

49th Annual
May Festival
Opens Today
Marian Anderson To Sing;
Philadelphia Orchestra
Will PlayOn Program
Others To Appear
In Later Concerts
The most popular singer in the
world-from Leningrad to Buenos
Aires-Marian Anderson, great Negro
contralto, will sing with the Phila-
delphia Orchestra under the direc-
tion of Eugene Ormandy at 8:30 p.m.
today in Hill Auditorium, to open
the forty-ninth annual May Festival.
The concert will open with the
Overture in D minor by Handel-Or-
mandy. Following this, Miss Ander-
son will be heard in two numbers,

May

Mean

End

Of U.S._Defense
Struggle's Progress Is Unknown; Capital
Fears Last Philippine Base Doomed
WASHINGTON, May 5.--()-The Army announced tonight that the
Japanese had begun a "landing attack" on Corregidor, and the capitalj
feared that thebresistance of American troops, lacking both food and am-
munition and under constant bombardment, had about reached its end.
The Army communique did not say what the prospects were. It con-
fined itself to a grim, one-sentence statement that the assault was in pro-
gress at midnight Tuesday, Manila time (10 a.m., Eastern War Time, today)
Presumably a battle was on, but there was no hint of its trend or outcome.
A total of 7,000 men or more were believed to be on Corregidor and other
island forts in Manila Bay, although there was no official word of the num-
ber. The defenders included both Americans and Filipinos.
Follows Continuous Jap Bombing, Shelling
The attack followed a day which saw the rocky, island fortress bombed
13 times, and shelled continuously for a period of five hours. Presumably
the landing attempt was made from nearby Bataan Peninsula, the scene
of an epic resistance but inevitable defeat several weeks ago.
Informed opinion in Army quarters was that Lieut.-Gen. Jonathan
Wainwright and his men on Corregidor could not hold out much longer.
Not only has the fort been bombed from the air, but it has been pounded
unceasingly by big guns emplaced both on Bataan and on the Cavite shore.
It was generally considered that this battering had destroyed the fort's
shore or beach defenses including barbed war entanglements, pill boxes and
the like, thus facilitating the Japanese landing.
Word that the soldiers on Corregidor lacked food and ammunition
came for the first time, in a message which President Roosevelt sent to
General Wainwright, before the re- '-
ceipt of the latter's communication "
telling of the landing attack.
"In spite of all the handicaps of
complete isolation, lack of food andA
ammunition," the Chief Executive Sharply
said, "you have given the world a "
shining example of patriotic forti- Cuying
tude and self-sacrifice.".
Hoping for the best, but fearing the WSIGOMy5-(P-Mf
worst, the capital foresaw, with the WASHGTON, May 5.-()--Stiff
fall of Corregidor, the collapse as regulations controlling the install-
well of two small island forts guard- ment purchases of nearly every ar-
ing the entrance to Manila Bay. This ticle in common use in the American
would permit the Japanese for the home were promulgated tonight by
first time to make full use of the
the Federal Reserve Board which in

German Rift
Over Russian
War Reported
Hitler, Generals Rumored
Split; Von Brauchitsch
Promoted Again
LONDON, May 5.-(P)-A rift was
reported -today between Adolf Hitler
and a group of German generals
headed by Field Marshal Walther von
Brauchitsch.
A responsible source said Hitler's
generals told him bluntly that if his
1942 campaign in Russia fails they
will try to institute for Germany a
plan calling for "abolition of the Nazi
system."
This source said Hitler received the
challenge calmly and replied by ap-
pointing von Brauchitsch a member
of the supreme command. Von Brau-
chitsch was relieved as commander-
in-chief of the Nazi armies last De-
cember when Hitler, announcing that
his "intuition" was guiding the ac-
tion, took over the post.
The source, which usually provides
unusually reliable information con-
cerning conditions in Germany, said
the incident might mean either that
Hitler needed the help of offended
military men and restored von Brau-
chitsch to a position of trust to still
their criticism or that Hitler was be-
ginning to recognize' his own weak-
ness.
Von Brauchitsch was one of the
most outspoken critics of Hitler's
plan to maintain German advance
lines in Russia through the winter.
He advocated the withdrawal from
Moscow long before that strategy re-
ceived the Fuehrer's approval,
said to have been in sympathy
with the former commander-in-chief
were such important military leaders
as Field Marshal Fedor von Bock,
Col.-Gen. Franz Halder and Field
Marshal Gen. Karl Rudolf Gerd. von
Rundstedt.

Pierre Laval, who made known
ference, said Vichy, nevertheless,
WAR SUMMARIES
CORREGIDOR: Japanese forces
on Corregidor Island. Little hope
of continued defense of island.
MADAGASCAR: British Comman-
do Forces attack naval base.
Vichy governor marshalls re-
sistance.
NEW DELHI: British, Chinese
forces withdraw in Burma;
many face capture.
LONDON: Rift reported between
Hitler and top German generals.

these fateful decisions at a press con-
would decline to take the first step
-4 toward breaking off diplomatic re-
lations with Washington as a result
of its backing Britain in the Mada-
gascar "aggression."
With British sea forces. "waves of
parachutists" and light armored
forces following up an ultimatum in
an attack on the strong naval base
at Diego Suarez Bay, eighty-six-year-
old Marshal Petain, Laval and Ad-
miral Jean Darlan, defense chief,
united in denouncing the attack and
in urging French air, sea and land
forces to resist.
20,000 British Estimated

i

Band To Lead
ROTC Parade
In Inspection
Ruthiven Will Be Honored
In Ceremony; Awards
Will Be Made At Rally
Marching in review before Presi-
dent Alexander G. Ruthven, a score
of state and local officials, and what
is expected to be the largest crowd
in history, 1100 ROTC cadets will
present the year's most spectacular1
parade as they go through federal
inspection paces at 7:15 p.m. tomor-
row at the Stadium.
Led by the newly organized ROTC
Band of 75 members, the unit will
parade in honor of President Ruth-
ven, at the same time being rated
by Inspecting Officers from the Sixth
Corps Area Headquarters in Chicago.
At the military rally-largest of
the University year - all ROTC
awards for the past year will be
made. Among the awards are the
American Legion Saber given to the
cadet officer with the highest grades
and the Chicago Tribune Medal
which goes to the outstanding junior
cadet selected on a basis of scholar-
ship, leadership, and military effic-
iency.
Other honors to be announced are
the Sons of the American Revolu-
tion Medal awarded to the graduat-
ing cadet who is outstanding in cam-
pus activities, the Army Ordnance
Turn to Page 2, Col. 3
G uerillasH it
At Japanese
CHLUNGKING, China, May 5.-UP)
The biggest coordinated Chinese{
guerrilla swoop of the war has been
going on for the past two weeks, the
fighters raiding 15 Japanese-occu-
pied cities and causing vast destruc-
tion, the Chinese Central News
Agency reported today.
The guerrillas long had been oper-
ating on the fringe of these towns but
to no such extent as that reported
by the agency which said they crept
into Shanghai, Nanking, Hangehow,
Nanchang, Ninpo, Wuhu, Amoy and
other places and set off numerous

Advices released by Vichy sources
tonight said the British occupying
forces, which the French estimated,
perhaps excessively, at 20,000, had
reached Andrakaka, four miles from
the naval base. The same report put
the French and Indian defenders at
7.500, nearly twice the London esti-
mate.
Vichy reports said waves of para-
chutists had been landed at the out-
set of adouble attack in which war-
ships and squadrons of aircraft made
a frontal thrust from the sea timed
with the overland assault on the rear
by light armored units landed in
Courrier Bay.
The French said also that the Brit-
ish naval forces consisted of two
cruisers, four destroyers, two troop
transports and an aircraft carrier,
and reported that two British planes
were shot down.
Attempting, apparently, to stand at
the shoulder of Vichy, the German
radio earlier in the day said a French
submarine and tender had been sunk
and that there were French casual-
ties.
Tulear Second Objective
Diego Suarez was the primary Brit-
ish objective, although it is likely
there will be a subsequent move
against Tulear on the southwest
coast. Tulear has a good airdrome
from which the Allied planes could
patrol the entrance to Mozambique
Channel between Durban and Tulear,
900 miles apart.
British troops exclusively were con-
ducting the operation, although in
the cause of all the United Nations.
There were none of the Free French
nor dominion forces such as fought
in the invasion of Syria.
Distinguished, high-ranking and
veteran officers led the occupying
forces, Admiral E. N. Syfret com-
manding the naval escort and Gen.
R. G. Sturges of the Royal Marines,
who fought at Gallipoli in the first
World War, leading the troops.
Late News
SELFRIDGE FIELD, May 5.-(NP)-
Lieut.-Col. William T. Colman, who
joined the U.S. Army Air Corps
shortly after his graduation from the
University of Michigan in 1926, to-
day became Commandant of Self-
ridge Field. He succeeds Col. Mor-
torn H. McKinnon. who was trans-
ferred t~o another post.
i.

Registrationt
For Rationing
ClosesToday
Campus registration for War Ra-
tion Book One will swing into its
final day today, and, in the words of
Robert L. Williams, Assistant Regis-
trar, "this, is the last chance."
Williams again emphasized yester-
day that students will need ration
books in order to buy sugar when
they return home and to buy other
commodities that may be rationed
in the future.
Fraternities, sororities and cooper-
ative houses who missed the regis-
tration for establishments held last
week were advised yesterday by Mrs.
Luella Smith, Washtenaw County
Treasurer, to consult the County Ra-
tioning Board after May 21. Allot-
ments to commercial and other estab-
lishments are for two-month periods.
Students who expect to leave Ann
Arbor permanently within the next
few months should apply to their

3
3
1
1
1
i
7

MARIAN ANDERSON
"Lamento d'Arienne" by Monteverdi.
and the aria, "Piangero mia sorte
ria," from Julius Caesar by Handel.
The orchestra will then perform Pro-
kofieff's "Classical" Symphony and
the "San Juan Capistrano" Noc-
turnes by Harl McDonald. Miss An-
derson will return for a rendition of
Massenet's "Pleurez mes yeux" from
"Le Cid." After that Mr. Ormandy
will direct the remainder of the pro-
gram in orchestral fragments from
"Daphnies at Chloe," Second Suite
by Ravel and the Waltzes from "Der
Rosenkavalier" by Richard Strauss.I
The Festival programs will con-
tinue this week through Saturday'
evening with matinee concerts on
Friday and Saturday at 2:30 p.m.
Tomorrow's program will feature
Emanuel Feuermann, noted cellist.
Other world-famous artists engaged
for the Festival include Helen Trau-
bel, Sergei Rachmaninoff, and Car-
roll Glenn.
Varsity Nine
Defeated, 11-7,
BY- Broi cos
By BOB SIIOPOPI
Michigan's nine lost its :econd
baseball game in two days and its
first at home as Western Michigan
squared the two-game series between
the schools, 11-7, yesterday at Ferry
Field. It was the highest total of
runs scored by the Broncos in a sin-
gle game this season.
For the fourth straight time the
Wolverines' pitching staff was hit
hard. Coach Ray Fisher used Mickey
Fishman, who was the losing hurler,
and Dick Savage against the boys
from Kalamazoo, but neither was
effective.
Fisher is worried over his mounds-
men. During the first of the season
they displayed good form as the Wol-
verines ran up seven consecutive vic-
tories, but of late there has been
only one hurler that could go the
route. The pitching department es-
pecially concerns the Wolverine dia-
mond mentor because Michigan has
two important tilts with Northwest-
ern this week-end.

PEARL HARBOR, May 5.-(A)--
The repulse of five Japanese at-
tacks on Midway Island, the last
oan March 10, was revealed officially
today. Midway is 1,149 miles north-
west of Hawaii.
bay and badly shattered shore fa-
cilities as a stepping-stone base to
bulwark their war activities farther
to the south.
It would mean, too, that resistance
to the invader in the Philippines had
been reduced to the activities of iso-
lated bands, which are still active on
several of the islands.
Mr. Roosevelt's message to Wain-
wright was unstinting in its praise
for the valor and heroism of Cor-
regidor's defenders.
"During recent weeks," it said, "we
have been following with growing
admiration the day-by-day accounts
of your heroic stand against the
mounting intensity of bombardment
by enemy planes and heavy siege
guns."
Corregidor has been the mainstay
of the fighting in the Philippines. It
was the anchor of the fighting on
Bataan, and haven for the fortunate
few who were able to avoid capture.

V" 1'G lLADVVv. n
addition, decreed that ordinary
charge accounts involving such arti-
cles must be paid up relatively
quickly.
The charge account rules, first ever
issued governing this type of buying,
provided that an article must be paid
for by the 10th day of the second
month following the purchase.
Effective at midnight tonight, the
regulations were issued in compliance
with President Roosevelt's recent re-
quest that people pay off their bills
and stay out of debt as much as pos-
sible. Hitherto, the purchase on
credit of a score of articles had been
regulated, but tonight's rules length-
ened the list to 46 classifications, and
stiffened the requirements.
The new list of restricted articles
included all civilian clothing, kitchen
articles and dishes, linens, jewelry,
auto accessories, all electrical appli-
ances, luggage, umbrellas, , sports
equipments, used furniture and yard
goods, in addition to the score of
previously limited items such as fur-
niture, radios, and vacuum cleaners.
The rules apply only to the 46
listed types of articles and no others.

Nazi Bases
Are Stormed
ByRuss ians
MOSCOW, May 5. -OP)--Stealing
the jump on Adolf Hitler, hundreds
of thousands of Russian soldiers,
tanks and planes smashed head-on
today at three key German bases.
from which it was believed the Nazi
Fuehrer was planning his spring or
summer drive.
Under command of Marshal Se-
meon Timoshenko, the first Russian
general to turn back the German mil-
itary machine with the recapture of
Rostov last November, the Red Army
struck at Kharkov, Kursk, and Tag-
anrog in the strongest Nazi-held sec-
tion of the long battleline.
Action also stepped up on the
northern sectors, particularly the
hard-fought Kalinin area northwest
of Moscow. The army newspaper Red
Star said the Germans were routed
from one position in the Kalinin
front, leaving 400 dead after a bayo-.
net charge.
The Russians-both new and sea-
soned troops-were supported every-
where by a full winter's accumulation
of British, American and Soviet
equipment.
The Nazis are known to have been
gathering troops in Kharkov and
Taganrog, both of which have been
reported within artillery fire of the
Soviet lines, for a drive toward the
Caucasus.
It was believed that Premier Jos-
eph Stalin personally entrusted his
most successful general with the task
of crushing the German offensive
power before it got started.
Big RAF Bombers
Strike At Skoda
LONDON, May 5.--(P)-Giant new
British bombers struck deep into the
heart of Germany and her vassal
states overnight, hurling bombs on
both the Skoda arms works at Pilsen
in old Czechoslovakia and on fac-
tories at Stuttgart in the Reich's
southwest.
Other British planes attacked Ger-
man airdromes in France and Norway
and shipping off Norway and Hol,
land, and fighter squadrons sped
across to France again this after-

F

Ensign Fraumann To Organize
T 7T * fN[N

U niversity IN a
A 16 man nucleus for a naval air
corps version of the "Wolverine
Squadron" heard Harlan 'Whitey'
Fraumann, varsity football great, now
ensign in the Navy, depict a colorful
but tough year's training for the
prospective flying cadets yesterday at
an informal Union dinner.
As the future flyers feasted on
steak as the Navy's guests, Ensign
Fraumann and Lieut. Harold Stoll
described the $22,000 training each
squadron member will receive during
the next year.
Five outstanding University ath-
letes will be charter members of the
squadron when it starts training
around July 5. At the dinner were
Alfred H. Piel, track team captain,
David M. Nelson, football star, and

ivy Air Squadron
Behringer, '44, Ann Arbor; Charles
A. Dean, Birmingham; Charles R.
Dryden, '44, Detroit; Harry M. Gal-
loway, '43F&C, San Antonio, Tex.;
C. Phelps Hines, '42A, Eden, N.Y.;
Leonard T. Millman, '43L, Ithica,
N.Y.; Charles Sanders, Toledo, Q.;
Stanley W. Sayre, '42BAd., Terre
Haute, Ind.; Charles L. Solar, '42,
Ann Arbor; John R. Bachman, '42,
Birmingham; and Edward A. Cran-
dell, '43, Durand.
The members of the squadron will
spend at least their entire first year
of training together. On receiving
their commissions, the cadets will
choose between serving in the Marine
or Navy air corps.
Starting their first year of train-
ing at the University of Iowa, the

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